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H3/JAHHE HA flT>P^KABHATA ArEfflJIM 
3A Bl>JirAPHTE B HY^KBHHA 



EBJirAPHTE OT TOJIO BtP^O, 
PEnYBJIHKA AJIEAHHfl 

Tpa/JHIJHH, My3HKa, H/jeHTHHHOCT 

HacT 1 
BecejiKa ToHneBa 



Co^hh, 2009 



PE/JAKIJHOHHA KOJIErHH 

AjieKceii KoHCTaHTHHOB 2KajiOB 

3-p KOHCTaHTHH 3Be3^0MHpOB PaHroneB 

a-p PoceH PoceHOB MajineB 



Ha ntpBa Kopnija: ^eTafiji ot pH3a - HeBecTHHCKH koctiom ot 
ceno TojieMO OcTpemi, o6ji. Tojio Etp^o. CHHMKa: B. ToHneBa, 
aBrycT 2009 r. 

ITbpBO H3flaHHe 

© BecenKa MnjineBa ToHneBa, 2009 

© ^tpjKaBHa areHu,Ha 3a GtnrapHTe b ny)K6HHa, 2009 
en. noma: aba@aba.government.bg 
www.aba.government.bg 

© HMnpecapCKO-H3flarencKa Ki>ma „Pofl", 2009 
en. noma: rod_sofia@yahoo.com 
www.rod-sofia.hit.bg 

OopMar 16/70/100 

Tnpa)K 500 

IleHaTHHLi,a Tnn-Ton npec 

ISBN 978-954-476-048-9 



EDITION OF THE STATE AGENCY FOR 
BULGARIANS ABROAD 



THE BULGARIANS 

FROM GOLO BARDO, 

ALBANIA 

Traditions, Music, Identity 

Parti 
Veselka Toncheva 



Co^hh, 2009 



EDITORIAL BOARD 

Alexey Konstantinov Zhalov 

Konstantin Zvezdomirov Rangochev, Ph.D. 

Rossen Rossenov Malchev, Ph.D. 



On the first cover: Detail of a shirt - wife's costume from Golemo 
Ostreni village, Golo Bardo region. Photo: V. Toncheva, August 
2009. 

First edition 

© Veselka Milcheva Toncheva, 2009 

© State Agency for Bulgarians Abroad, 2009 
e-mail: aba@aba.government.bg 
www.aba.government.bg 

© 'Rod' Impressario & Publishing House, 2009 
e-mail: rod_sofia@yahoo.com 
www.rod-sofia.hit.bg 

ISBN 978-954-476-048-9 



Cl>fll>P}KAHHE 

I. YBCflHH JJYMH 7 

II. OEIIJHOCTTA 9 

1. HcTopiia 9 

2. Pejmriia 25 

III. TPAflfflJHOHHA OEPEAHOCT 32 

1. KajieH^apHa o6pe/nrocT 32 

2. CeMefiHa o6peaHOCT 47 

IVMY3HKA 63 

V. HflEHTHHHOCT 91 

VI. 3AKJIIOTHTEJIHH /JYMH 118 

VII. JIHTEPATYPA 119 

VIII. IIPHJICOKEHHil 129 

1. necHH 129 

2. CjiOBecHii MaTepnajiH 209 

2.1 06m,HOCTTa - hctopha h pejinrna 209 

2.2 KaneHflapHa o6peaHOCT 227 

2.3 CeMefiHa o6peflHOCT 243 

2.4My3HKa 275 

2.5 H/jeHTHHHOCT 280 

2.6 OojiKJiopeH CBeTorjie^ 292 

IX. CElHCLKHA OCBE^OMHTEJIHTE 296 

X. PE3H3META 298 

1. Pe3K)Me Ha aHranficKH e3HK 298 

2. Pe3K)Me Ha HeMCKH e3HK 300 

3. Pe3K)Me Ha an6aHCKH e3HK 302 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

I. PREFACE 7 

II. THE COMMUNITY 9 

1. History 9 

2. Religion 25 

III. TRADITIONAL RITES 32 

1. Calendar Rites 32 

2. Family Rites 47 

IV. MUSIC 63 

V. IDENTITY 91 

VI. CONCLUSION 118 

VII. BIBLIOGRAPHY 119 

VIII. APPENDICES 129 

1. Songs 129 

2. Verbal Materials 209 

2.1 The Community - History and Religion 209 

2.2 Calendar Rites 227 

2.3 Family Rites 243 

2.4 Music 275 

2.5 Identity 280 

2.6 Folklore World Outlook 292 

IX. LIST OF INFORMANTS 296 

X. ABSTRACTS 298 

1. Abstract in English 298 

2. Abstract in German 300 

3. Abstract in Albanian 302 



I. YBOflHH flyMH 

Ta3H KHHra cbfltp^ca (jjojncnopHn MarepHann, kohto ca 3anncaHn ot GtJirapH- 
Te b oGjiacrra rb.no Btp^o, Peny6jiHKa Aji6aHHa. IIpe/iCTaBeHa e Tpa/jHnHOHHara 
KyjiTypa Ha oGmHOCTra - Tpa/jnnHOHHHTe neceHHOCT, o6peflHOCT h CBeTornea, 
MecTHH hctophh h cnoMeHH, KaKTO h chhmkob Marepnaji, KOHTO #aBa BH3yajIHa 
npe^CTaBa 3a msctoto h xopaTa. HaynHHaT tckct kt>m MarepHajinre 3acara Bamm 
acneKTH ot HCTopnaTa, pejinrnaTa, oGpe^HOCTTa, My3HKara, HflenrnHHOCTTa n Bt- 
o6m,e, ot Ghthcto Ha mccthhtc 6tJirapH. 

IIofl6paHHTe 3aniiCH ca ot cejiara CreGjieBO, KneHbe n ManKa nacT ot BopMima, 
KaKTO h ot H3cejiHHiiH ot CreGjieBO h KneHbe b rp. TnpaHa h b rp. JXyp'bC (JXp&i). 

B MHHajiOTO cejininara b Tojio Btp^o ca rocneflBaHH nacraHHO ot pa3JiHHHH 
6tJirapcKH cneiinajiHCTH: e3HKOBe/ni, ncTopnnH, cthojio3h h pp., maBHO nopa/ni 
cjio^khoto o6mecTBeHO-nojiHTHHecKO pa3BHTHe Ha BanKaHHTe cnep, EajncaHCKHre 
bohhh (1912-1913 r.), KoraTO e nocTaBeHO HanajioTO Ha HOBaTa h He3aBHCHMa an- 
6aHCKa fltpacaBa. 

^Hec ijajiocTHOTO o6xBam,aHe Ha pernoHa e Cbino TOJiKOBa hcbt>3mo)kho, ho 
Bene no flpyrn npHHHHn - o6e3.mo/iaBaHeTO Ha pernoHa h MHrpaHHHTe b rpaao- 
BeTe, „pa3nHJiaBaHeTo" Ha o6mHOCTra, >KHBajia p,o npe/jn no-Mamo ot /nmaeceT 
roflHHH 3aTBopeHO h eflHHHO, Te^KKHaT TepeH (h b reorpacjjCKH, h b H3CJieaoBareji- 

CKH CMHCbJl). 

H^eaTa 3a npoBOK/jaHeTO Ha cthojio^kko npoynBaHe b Tojio Btp^o npnHa/uie>KH 
Ha AneKcefi )KanoB h Bt3HHKBa no BpeMe Ha ptKOBOfleHHTe ot Hero eKcne/jHHHH 
Ha BtJirapcKaTa (jjeaepanna no cnejieojiorna b pernoHa (1991-2008). IIpe3 2006- 
2008 r. b Tax ca bkjhohchh cthojio3h h (Jjojikjiophcth ot AcoHnaHna 3a anrpono- 
Jiorna, eTHOJiorna h (jjojiKJiopncTHKa „OHrbJi" h HHCTnryT 3a (jjojiKJiop - BAH. 
TaKa ot 2006 r. H3CJieflOBaTejiCKOTO nojie ce pa3ranpaBa kt>m eTHOJiornaTa, /jnajie- 
KTOJiornaTa, My3HK03HaHHeTO h flpyrn /umoBe Ha xyMaHHTapncTHKaTa h pa6oTaTa 
flo6nBa HHTepflHcnHnjiHHapHH H3MepeHHa. 

Pa36npa ce, H3one/iBaHHaTa Ha 6tJirapnTe b aji6aHCKOTO Tojio Btp^o He 6nxa 
6hjih bt>3mo)khh 6e3 aKTHBHOTO cbflencTBHe Ha opraHH3aHnaTa „npocnepnTeT 
Tojio B-bpflo" c npeaceaareji Xa/jrai IlHpyiHH (etc ceaajinine b CTOJinHara Tnpa- 
Ha). Ta3H CTpyKTypa, o6e/niHaBama GtJirapnTe ot Tojio Btpflo h Topa, pa3BHBa 
flenHOCTH, CBi>p3aHH c pa3peraaBaHeTO Ha npo6jieMHre, Bt3HHKBainH npe/i 06m- 
HOCTTa, n HenHOTO jiernTHMnpaHe KaTO 6tJirapcKa b aji6aHCKara j^bprnaBa. 

MncnaTa Ha HacToainaTa KHHra e jja 3ano3Hae KaKTO cnenHanncTHTe, TaKa n 
no-iunpoK Kptr HHrarejiH c e/jHa 6tJirapcKa oGiuhoct b ny>K6HHa, nnaTO hctoph- 
necKa cbp,6a e oco6eHO cnoacHa, Heno3HaTa h, mtokc 3a ce Ka>Ke, HecnpaBeaJiHBa; 



fla ny6jiHKyBa 3a nptB m>T )KHBaTa pen Ha Te3H HauiH cbHapo/jHHHH, Tpa/nmiiOH- 
HaTa hm My3HKa, KaneHflapmi h ceMefiHH npa3HHHH, npe/jCTaBH h BapBaHHa, Ta 
flopn h ctMHeHiiaTa hm no BtnpocHre koh ca, KaKBii ce HyBCTBar, 3am,o >KHBeaT 
b Aji6aHHa h t.h. B TeKera ce pasmeacaar pa3JiHHHH CTpami ot ctmHOCTTa Ha 
6tJirapHTe ot Tojio Etp/jo, ho Te3H H3CJieflOBaTejiCKH acneKTH npaKTHHecKH (jjyHK- 
HHOHHpaT b e/niHCTBO h b cnynafl ca „HHCTpyMeHTajiHo" pa3flejieHH Ha hhboto Ha 
pecjxneKCHaTa, 3a /ja MoraT p,a ce H3ica>KaT no-acHO Ha6jHOfleHH5rra, cpaBHemiaTa, 

pa3MHCJIHTC 

IIy6jiHKyBaHHTe neceHHH o6pa3HH h tsxhoto aHajiH3HpaHe b TeKCTa ca CBoe- 
o6pa3eH aKHeHT Ha TOBa H3/jaHHe, tbh KaTO p,o to3h momcht HHTepectT icbm o6hi- 
HOCTTa Ha 6tJirapHTe b Tojio Etp/jo e 6hji HaconeH icbm flpyrn CTpaHH ot TaxmTa 
HCTopna h 6ht. IleceHeH (jjojiKJiop He e 3anncBaH, HOTHpaH h nyGjiHKyBaH 1 He caMO 
b BiiJirapHa, ho h b ctceflHHTe 3anaflHo6ajncaHCKH CTpaHH (Maice/iOHHa, CtpGna, 
HepHa ropa), kohto HMaT KOHTaKTH etc cnaBaHCKOTO Hacejiefflie b Aji6aHHa. 

B to3h cmhcbji, CJieflBamHTe peflOBe ca kojikoto aicryajiHH, kojikoto eBpnc- 
thhhh, TOJiKOBa h cnacHTejiHH 3a Kyirrypara Ha OtJirapcKara o6ihhoct b Aji6a- 
hhh - OH&nflJia BeKOBe Hape/i b ycjiOBH5rra Ha qy>Kfloe3HKOBO h Hy^K/joeTHHHHO 
o6Kpt>KeHHe, no/uio>KeHa Ha npeflH3BHKaTejiCTBaTa Ha Moaepfflia cbst, H3HCKBanj,a 
noflKpena ot Hac, aBTopHre h HHTaTejiHre ot EtJirapna. 



1 Hakoh ot aBTopHTe, npoyHBanH pernoHa, nyGnHKyBar czihhhhhh neceHHH o6pa3HH. Taica 
HanpHMep, npoH3xo>imaiHHflT ot o6nacTTa KyKtcica Iopa, Peny6nHKa An6aHHa, aBTop H. 
floKne b cboh c6ophhk „CeBHH, 6pe auiHK, ceBHH, 6pe ziymo" o6HapoziBa 1 5 necHH ot 06- 
nacTTa Tono Ei>p^o (Bac. Dokle 2004), M. XapH3aHOBa (XaproaHOBa 1997) h E. MnnaHOB 
(MnnaHOB 2001) cbino ny6nHKyBaT no hakojiko necHH, ho bchhkh Te He ca npnzipyaceHH 

C HOTeH TeKCT. 



II. OEmHOCTTA 

1. HcTOpHH 

Tojio Btpflo 2 e o6nacT, pa3nojio>KeHa Me>Kay /jHenmHTe Peny6jiHKa Aji6aHHa 
h Peny6jiHKa MaKe/jOHHa, kohto Ha h3tok rpaHHHH c peKara Utjhh ,HpHM (IJrjHH 
.Hpjffl), Ha 3ana^ - c peKara Bnaa 3Be3/ja, KOKHara rpaHHHa onnpa 30 >I6jiaHH- 
Ha, xe. JXe&bpcKw ^.phmkoji (flHemeH CTpy^KKH ^.phmkoji), Ha ceBep rpaHHHH c 
an6aHCKaTa o6jiacT TpHKa Ma/je (/um ot EyjiHroa), a Ha ioro3ana/i - c oOjiaerra 
HepMeHHKa, HaceneHa c aji6aHCKO HaceneHHe (JlHMaHOCKH 1992: 27). Teorpacj)- 
CKHTe rpaHHHH Ha oGjiacrra ca MapiaipaHH ot nopenHeTO Ha p. JlyMH h OKiuyHHT 
h ot 6HJiara Ha nnaHHHHTe >I6jiaHHHa h Pa^yq (Papyk) (MOK^y /jBeTe nnaHHHH 
e ceflJiOBHHaTa JlaKafiHa). Cnope/i MaiceflOHCKH aBTopn, e perHCTpnpaHa HH(j)op- 
Mauna 3a no-CTapo HMe Ha oGjiacrra -/J-bjiao (/J'jiao, Jlymo, flojizo) Epdo h TOBa 
ce noTBtp^KflaBa b npoyHBaHeTO, ho h b „CTapHre TypcKH nonncHH TecjrrepH" ot 
1583 r. (CBeTneBa 20066: 10, b>k. TypcKH /jOKyMeHTH 2000). H. JlHMaHOCKH flopn 
nocoHBa ome no-paHeH h3tohhhk - „o6uiHpHHa nonnceH Tecj)Tep 508 ot 1467 r.", 
Kt^eTO Tojio B-bp^o e 3anncaHO KaTO Vilayet - I Dolgo Brdo (JlHMaHOCKH 1993: 
258, b)k. TypcKH /jOKyMeHTH 1976: 363-388). B 6tJirapcKH h3tohhhhh ot Kpaa 
Ha 19 - HanajiOTO Ha 20 b. TOBa HMe He ce cpema, oGjiacrra e Ha30BaBaHa Tojio 
Etpao 3 . 

IltpBHaT aBTop, nocBeTHJi ot/jcjiho H3CJieflBaHe Ha oGjiacrra, onncaji a reo- 
rpacjjCKH h eTHorpacjjCKH, e p,-p M. Ohjihhobhh (Ha cptGcKH e3HK), KaTO cnopefl 
Hero, „Ta ce pa3nojiara ceBepo3anamro ot peicara ,HpHM H3Ha.no p,o .ZJe&kpcico 
none" (OHJiHnoBHh 1940: 9). Hmchho toh 3a nptB ntT yeraHOBaBa ctmecTBy- 
BamoTO BtTpeuiHO fleneHe Ha oGjiacrra Ha ^ojiho h TopHO Tojio Etp/jo - ntpBO- 
to HfleHTH(j)HHHpaHO ome KaTO PaMHa ropa (ceBepHHa, no-HHCtK ahji), a btopoto 
KaTO IIjiaHHHa (K»KHHa, nnaHHHCKH flan), OTTaM h Ha30BaBaHeTO Ha raiTejiHTe ct>- 

OTBCTHO KaTO nOJiaHH OT ^OJIHO TOJIO BtpflO H KaTO nJiaHHHHH (iHonofi) ot TopHO 

Tojio Btpflo 4 (OHJinnoBKh 1940: 9-10, bmc. h JlHMaHOCKH 1993: 258). Cnopefl H. 



2 An6. Golloborda, Golloborde huh Golloberde. 

3 B npoBezieHOTO npoymjaHe b Tojio Ei>p/;o nocomjaHaTa b MaKe^OHCKHTe h3tohhhi;h hh- 
(JiopMauHfl ce noTBtp^H: „TIocjie rono 6tpdo He ce euKam Tono Gtpdo, a na epenie mypctco 
-fftnzo Etpdo. HeTono, fftmo E-bpdo, 3aufo nnanuHu, pudou, d-biizo... " Eomchh Ohjibokh, 
p. 1928 r. b JlaKaMua (/m. P MaKe^OHHa), o6p. 3 kji., MaMcrop 3H^apo-Ma3an, ran^ap (cbh- 
pHu no CBaT6n); TnpaHa, 01.04.2008, 3an. B. TomieBa, K. PaHroneB. 

4 A. CBeTHeBa mime, ne cenaTa Kjiem,e, CTe6neBO h THHeei; ca HapH^aHH UIonoM, a Bop- 
HHi;a h IlacHHKH - IIojihhh (CBeTHeBa 20066: 10). IIo ziaHHH Ha B. Ki>hhob „6i>JirapcKHTe 
cenHHH ot nozipHMCKHTe ^e6i>pcKH cena JlyKOBO, >I6jiaHHi;a, Ceime-^Kyna, IlHCKynmHHa, 
flpeHOK h Mo/tpHH ce Hapn^aT ot OKOJiHHre ch ctce^H KeifKapu, npaKop 3a npncMex. A 



HBaHOB, kt>m 1 9 1 6 r. KpaMHaTa 3ana/jHa rpamma Ha 6tJirapcKOTO nneMe e hmchho 
JXe&bpcKo: „ot npn MaBpoBCKHre xaHOBe, npn KOTa 1550, rpaHHHara cnroa Ha ior 
npn rpe6eHa Ha nnaHHHara h ot KOTa 1500 OTHBa npaBO Ha 3ana/j npe3 flanHHara 
Ha p. Pa^HKa, icaro oeraBa b Gt-JirapcKara o6jiacT noMauiKOTO ceno )KepHOHHHa, 
npecHna 6hjioto Ha .ZJeniaT nnaHHHa h Ha 3ana/j CTHra p,o p. ,Hp HH n0 xtJiMa Ke- 
hok. Ot KeHOK jiHHHaTa BtpBH no p. AP HH Ha K)r fl° cpemy J\e(ybp, MHHaBa 3a- 
na^HO ot ctmaTa peKa h ot npHTOKa h Bn^a 3Be3/ja ce BT>3icaHBa Ha ior no xuiMa 
TpiOKaMafle (TanaMara peica), KOTa 1214, 1195, 3aBHBano rpe6eHa Ha Tojio Btpflo 
h BKjnonBa b Gt-nrapcioia flan cne/jHHTe cena: TtpHOBO, KocoBen, Ce6nina, BopoB, 
Ctc6jiobo, na CTHra npn BtpxoBeTe KOTa 2312, 2282 Hap, c. ^IGjiaHHija. Ot raa 
BtpxoBe rpaHHnaTa cjie^Ba Ha ior no rpe6eHa Ha ^IGjiaHCKara njiaHHHa n BKJiiOHBa 
b 6tJirapcKHa jiaji noma ,Hp HH KOn , hhhto bchhkh cena ca GtnrapcKn" (HBaHOB 
1925: 46). 

HH(j)opMaHnaTa 3a TOHHna 6pon Ha cejininaTa, 03HanaBaHH icaro o6jiacT Tojio 
Btpflo, KaKTO h 3a TexHHa cthhhcckh h pejinrH03eH ctCTaB, b pa3JiHHHHTe h3toh- 
hhhh He e ejjHaicBa. B onncaHneTO Ha HacaneHHeTO b MaicejipHHa h Ojiphhcko ot 
1873 r. rojioGtpflCKHTe cejia cna/jar kt>m Ka3a ,H,e6pe (/JeGtp) n CTaTHCTHKaTa hm e 
CJie^HaTa: H6jiaHuua (120 ^OMaicHHCTBa, 18 noMann, 348 xpncTnaHH), Modpim (60 
aoMaKHHCTBa, 152 GtJirapn), ffpenoK (150 jipMaicHHCTBa, 450 GtJirapn), Tpadu- 
nja (965 flOMaKHHCTBa, 1350 noMann, 1030 GtJirapn), runeeuu (runeij) (90 flOMa- 
KHHCTBa, 118 noMaHH, 134 Gtnrapn), Knene (100 JipMaicHHCTBa, 120 noMann, 196 
GtJirapn), Cmedneo (150 JipMaicHHCTBa, 200 noMann, 170 GtJirapn), Ocmpenue 
(Ocmpene) (163 jrpMaicHHCTBa, 315 noMann, 108 6i>JirapH), Bepdnuua (Bi>p6Huua) 
(30 flOMaKHHCTBa, 97 6tJirapn), 7Kemuu\a (35 jiOMaKHHCTBa, 25 noMann, 75 6i>ji- 
rapn), Omumanu (27 JipMaicHHCTBa, 36 noMann, 54 GtJirapn), Bjiadojuuputfa (Bjia- 
doMupoeo) (17 flOMaKHHCTBa, 42 noMann), Mano Ocmpenue (90 JipMaicHHCTBa, 155 
noMann, 103 6tJirapn), 3a6opue (90 JiOMaKHHCTBa, 245 OtJirapn), IJacuuKa (20 
flOMaKHHCTBa, 12 noMann, 56 OtJirapn), Padoeuuja (Padumm) (35 flOMaiaiHCTBa, 
52 noMann, 54 6"bJirapn), Tpeduuja (150 JipMaicHHCTBa, 265 noMann, 144 GtJirapn) 
(MaKeflOHna n Ojxphhcko 1995: 173 -175). 

Kt>m 1900 r. B. Rbhhob noconBa cjiejiHHTe cejinma b ^eGtpcicaTa Ka3a, yica3- 
BanKH 6poa n ctCTaBa Ha HacejieHneTO hm: ffoKenuuja (300 - 165 Gturapn xpnc- 
TnaHH, 135 GtJirapn MOxaMe^aHn), B-bpdnuua (300 - 300 xpncTnaHH), Tpeduuja 
(2570 - 70 xpncTnaHH, 2500 MOxaMe/jaHn), ruueeu (210 — 210 xpncTnaHH), Kjie- 
Hbe (470 - 240 xpncTnaHH, 230 MOxaMe/jaHH), Jlemen (240 - 240 MOxaMe/jaHH), 
Cmediieeo (780 - 380 xpHcraaHH, 400 MOxaMe^aHH), Ceduuja (760 - 360 xpnc- 

5KHTenHTe Ha cenaTa CTe6neBO, rHHeeu,, CeGnma h BopoBO ce HMeHyBaT yjiKHpu. Te MHoro 
necTO ynoTpe6aBaT Taa /iyMa b roBopa ch, Kora ce o6pi>iLi,aT ki>m cbce^HTe ch, Hanp. „A 6e 
ynioij), Kt^e ch xoAHn?" (RbHHOB 1900: 31). 

10 



THaHH, 400 MOxaMeflami), Eopoeo (280 - 280 GtJirapn), Conom (600 - 600 apHa- 
yTH MOxaMe^aHH), 3a63yn (400 - 400 apHayTH MOxaMeaami), Ocmpenu TojieMO 
(530 — 30 xpncraaHH, 500 MOxaMeflaHn), Ocmpenu Mano (478 - 78 xpncraaHH, 
400 MOxaMeflami), Padojuupuua (440 - 440 MOxaMeflaHn), Mupemu (30 - 30 MO- 
xaMeflaHn), Omuuiane (265 - 25 xpncraaHH, 240 MOxaMeflaHn), Bunuiua (130 — 
130 apHayTH MOxaMeflaHn), rojieuiua (65 - 65 apHayTH MOxaMeflaHn), C^pnemoeo 
(120 — 120 6tJirapH MOxaMeflaHn), IJacuuKu (124 - 24 GtJirapn xpncraaHH, 100 
apHayTH MOxaMeflaHn), Tynenu (180-20 xpncraaHH, 160 MOxaMeflaHn), Topdcmu 
(130 - 130 GtJirapn MOxaMeflaHn), T-bpnoeo (540 - 540 6i>JirapH MOxaMeflaHn), 
Padoeeuja (120 - 120 GtJirapn MOxaMeflaHn), 3a6opbe (115 - 115 GtJirapn MOxa- 
MeflaHn) (Kmhob 1900: 261-262). 

PycKHaT H3CJieflOBareji Ha cnaBaHCKOTO HacejieHHe b AjiGamia M. A. CejniineB 
nocoHBa icaro 6i>JirapcKH cena Bpauuuja, Okmucu, Bexnami, H6jiaHuua (KtfleTO 
HMa h aji6aHnn), a KaTO icpanHn Guirapcioi cena b icpaa Ha 90-Te roflHHH Ha 19 b. 
ca OT6ejia3aHH Eopoea, Ce6uuime, Tpnoea, JleutmmaH, Topdanu (CejinineB 1931: 

2). 

IIpH (jjopMHpaHeTO Ha Aji6aHHa KaTO He3aBHCHMa fltpacaBa npe3 1912 r. b pa3- 
rapa Ha EajiKaHCKara Boinia, a anefl TOBa h c peajiH3npaHeTO Ha nocjiaHniecKara 
KOH(|)epeHHHa Ha BejiHKnie chjih b JIohaoh npe3 1913 r., ce CTHra flo nocTaBaHe- 
to Ha HOBa rpaHHHHa jinHna. „B rpaHHHHTe Ha AjiGamia, oiepTaHn anefl Mtin- 
TejiHH nperoBopn Meatfly BejiHKnre chjih, nonaflaT h KtcneTa ot TepnTopnaTa, 
KoaTO BtJirapna ToraBa CMaTa 3a CBoe KyirrypHO-HCTopniecKO h erannecKO npoc- 
TpaHCTBo: Eojio Etpflo, Ilojie, Majia Ilpecna" (EjifltpoB 2000: 5, b>k. h PncTec- 
kh 2006a: 27). EpaHnnnre Ha Aji6aHHa ca HanepTaHH Ha 17 fleKeMBpn 1913 r. 
ot Me»cflyHapoflHaTa flHnjiOMaraHecica KOHCJjepeHHHa bi>b OjiopeHHHa. ntpBOHa- 
najiHO b BtJirapna ce pa3npocTpaHaBaT CBefleHHa, ie npe3 nepnofla 1913-1915 
r. b rpaHHHHTe Ha HOBOCb3flafleHara aji6aHCKa fltpacaBa nonaflaT 43 6tJirapcKH 
cejia c Hafl 2300 icbihh ot /JeGtpcKa, EHTOJicica n KocTypcxa Ka3a, ho cnopefl Cb. 
EjifltpoB fleHCTBHTejiHnaT 6pofi Ha 6tJirapcKHTe cena, bkjhohchh b Aji6amia, e 
eflBa 14 c okojio 400 Ktmn ot o6jiacTHTe Eojio Btpflo n Ilojie, JXe&bpcKO - tbkmo 
o6jiacTHTe, kohto ca o6eKT Ha nnrepec b to3h tckct (EjifltpoB 2000: 9). IIpe3 1916 
r. b flOKJiafla Ha H. HBaHOB KaTO yiacraHK b KOMnjieKCHaTa HaynHa eKcneflnnna b 
3anaflHHTe Kpanma Ha MaiceflOHHa, ny6jinKyBaH npe3 1925 r., ce cnoMeHaBa, ne 
„b /JeGtpcico 6tJirapcKHaT eneMeHT e rpynnpaH b mccthocthtc: Mana Peica, Ilojie 
(JXs&bpcKo), )Kyna, JJphmkoji, Eojio 6tpflO, cjieflBafiKH no flBeTe CTpaHH Ha HepHH 
JXpwR, c neHTpajiHO MacTO rp. ,3,e6i>p" (HBaHOB 1925: 44). Cnopefl J\. EaflacaHOB, 
nnaTO 3aflana npn yiacraeTO b HayiHara eKcneflnnna b MaKeflOHna h IIoMopa- 
BneTO npe3 1916 r. e roynaBaHe Ha MiocioJiMaHCKOTO HacejieHHe n ctGnpaHe Ha 
CTaTHCTHiecKH CBefleHHa 3a HHCJieHOCTra My, flaHmrre ca cjieflHHTe: B OxpnflCKH 

11 



OKptr, /JeGtpcKa okojihh rojioGtpflCKHTe cejia ca Eopoe (716 ajiGamiii), ruuoeeu 
(345 noMann, 129 6-BJirapn), 3a63yn (1142 aji6aHHn), Knene (399 noMauH, 285 
Gturapn), Cenume (231-257 noMaijH, 136 Gturapii), Cmedneeo (1185 noMann, 136 
6-BJirapn), rojiejuo Ocmpene (997 noMaiiii, 5 6-BJirapn), BnaduMiipuua (342 noMa- 
hh, 22 iinraHH MiocKMMaHH), Kocoeeu (52 noMaiiH-anGamiH), JlewHimcme (464 
noMaiiii), Jlwdenaiuu (143 aji6aHHn), Mano Ocmpene (494 ajiGamiii, 70 6-BJira- 
pji), OmuyH (241 ajiOaHnn), IJocuhku (31 noMann, 68 6-BJirapn), Padoeuiua (229 
noMaiiii), Cepnemoeo (97 an6aHHn), Tyuene (253 noMaiiii, 24 6-BJirapn), Topdane 
(105 aji6aHiiH), Hdnanuua (99 ajiGamiii, 939 6-BJirapn), /foKenuufa (166 noMaiiii), 
Omomanu (232 noMann, 16 6-BJirapn), Tpeduiua (2383 noMauH, 16 Gtnrapii) (Ea- 
A>KaHOB 1993: 260-262). Ct. Mjia/jeHOB, nepneHKn ot CTaTHCTHnecKn /jamm kt>m 
1916 r., CBino aecjjHHHpa cejio Eopoeo, ho h ceBepHO Haxo>KaamHTe ce Kocoeeu n 
Topdcmu icaro aji6aHCKH, a Ceduuje no Te3H /jamm e CMeceHO 6tJirapcKO-aji6aHCKO 
(Mladenov 1925: 66). 

B nope/nmaTa ot /joicna/iH n panopTH Ha Cpe6peH IIonneTpoB ot nepnofla 1 925- 
1931 r. 3a 6-BJirapHTe b Aji6aHna (nyGjinicyBaHH ot Cb. Eji/j-bpob), nocBeTeHH Ha 
Heo6xoflHMOCTTa ot GuirapcKO o6pa30BaHHe h 6-BJirapcKH CBemeHHHH, npnc-BCT- 
BaT flaHHH 3a cejininara b pernoHa (IIo-no/ipo6HO b)k. Eji^tpoB 2000). B panopT ot 
10 (jjeBpyapn 1925 r. Cp. IIonneTpoB nniue: „B ioroH3TOHHHTe rpaHHHH Ha Aji6a- 
HHfl ca nonaflHajiH okojio 30 hhcto 6-BJirapcKH cena, noBeneTO ot kohto ca HMajiH 
yHHJiHina, nepKBH, cbcihchhhh h yHnrejiH, Kora ca 6hjih no/i TypcKO ynpaBJieHne" 
(EjifltpoB 2000: 123). Cpe/i Tax ca canara ot .ZJeG-BpcKo: Epdene (38 KBinii, 190 
jiyum), /JeojiMHU (10 kbihh, 69 flyiun), 06oku (25 KBinn, 125 flynin), Mamnape 
(32 k-lihh, 160 /ryniH), K-bpnuua (45 kbiuh, 245 flymn), Bi>p6uua (37 kt>ihh, 196 
flyran), Menecmpanu (12 kt>ihh, 69 /ryinn), roneMocmpanu (2 k-bihh, 10 flyran), 
Omuuianu (2 kbihh, 14 pyuiu), TlacuHKu (12 k-bihh, 56 aymn), Tynenu (6 KBinii, 
21 flyiun), Tpeduuja (8 kbihh, 68 flyimi), runoeu (35 k-bihh, 176 /rynni), Knenue 
(40 KBinii, 286 /rynni), Ceduuja (45 kbihh, 180 flymn), Cmedneeo (40 k-bihh, 224 
aymn) (Ejifl-BpoB 2000: 123-124). IIo-kbcho b panopT Ha Cp. IIonneTpoB ot 14 
aBiycT 1930 r. neTeivi: „rojio E-Bp^o ce cbctoh ot canara: JIama (17 k-bihh), 3a6syH 
(15 k-bihh), Eopoe (70), Ceduuja (50), Cmedneeo (100), Knenue (80), runeeu (70), 
Tpeduuja (600), Bpi>6Huua (42), Man. Ocmpene (100), Ton. Ocmpene (220), Jleui- 
nunanu (120), OKUjyn (200), Cjuonnuua (70), Padoeuut (70), Tynenu (50), Bnadu- 
Mupw (100), Top6m (25)" (Ejwpob 2000: 222-223). 

IIpe3 1938 r. Ct. CraMaroB nnnie: „EpaHHnara Meacjry AjiGamia h lOroonaBna 
pa3flejia npn6jiH3HTejiHO ,H,e6-BpcKO Ha jx&q. B AjiGamia ocTaHaxa 6-BJirapn b 10 
cena - 8 Eojio E-Bp^o, 2 Eopmi ,H,e6-Bp" (CTaMaTOB 1938: 25). Ton noconBa koh ca 
cenaTa Ha aji6aHCKa TepnTopna - Cmedneeo, Knenbe, runeeu, Tpeduuja, BopMU- 



12 



ua 5 , Mano-Ocmpenu, Tynene, TlacuHKu, Ki>pnuuja h Bpdenu (CraMaTOB 1938: 27), 
ho He yica3Ba koh ca aBeTe aeGtpcKH cejia. M. Ohjihhobhh npe3 1940 r. He npoc- 
to H36poaBa, a onncBa no-aeTafijiHO aocTa no-ronaM 6pofi „rojio6'bpflCKH cena b 
Aji6aHHa - Cmedneeo, Ceduutme (Ceduuina), Kjieme, runoeeu (runeeeij, /Jmcu- 
Hoeeij), 3a6syn, Eopoeo, OKuimyn, flpnnoeo, Cmomhuk (Cjuonnuua), Jleuinmanu, 
roneMO Ocmpene, Mano Ocmpene, Tpedumme (Tpeduume), TlacuHKu (TlacuHKe), 
Cpnemoeo (Cepnemoeo), Topdanu (Topdane, Tp6an), Mseop (Mseupu), rojieuwma 
(rojiemma), Bpdnuua (Bpjuuua), Tynenu, Bnadujuupuua (JIaduMupuua, JladoMU- 
puifa), Padoeuwme (Padoewma), BuHuvuma (Bunuuma, Bmuume), Kocoeau, Jlro- 
6ojie3u (JImdoneui), Topuua, Hepeneu (OhjihhobhIi 1940: 31-40). H. JlHMaHOCKH 
nocoHBa ctmHTe cena, icaro icbm Tax ca ao6aBeHH Mupemu, Hama, Man u ToneM 
OKiumyH, Jlemen, Padojuupuua, Cmydenoeo, Pdtcanoeo, Tecnu Kajuen (JiHMaHOC- 
kh 1992: 28), a y A. CBeTHeBa npncbCTBar cenaTa, HHTHpaHH ot Ohjihhobhh, ho 
6e3 Hepeneu, Bimuiuma, Toneuuima h Kocoeatf (CBeTHeBa 20066: 11-12). CbBpe- 
MeHHHTe 6tJirapcKHTe aBTopn nocoHBar ctiHHTe cena, icaro E. MnnaHOB H3nycKa 
OKiumyH, flpxnoeo, Cpnemoeo, Topdanu, Bunuuja, Kocoeai{, JImdonesu, Topuua, 
Mepeneu (MnnaHOB 2001: 17-18), ho BicniOHBa Opwanoeo, a npn T. Eoa/pKHeB 
OTCbCTBaT rojieuuja, Bunuuja, Kocoeatf, Hepeneu (Eoa/pKHeB 2001: 124). Ba>KHO 
e na ce otOcjiokh, ne eTHorpacjjCKara meaHa TOHKa kt>m pernoHa nocoHBa KaTO 
CBoeo6pa3eH hkohomhhcckh HeHTtp Ha Tojio Etpno c. TpeGnma (kocto h apec 
e )KH3HeHO h pa3BHBamo ce ccnnme), KaKTO nopanH TepHTopnanHa ho3hhhohh- 
paHOCT, Taxa h nopaan MamaGnre My - rojioGtpaflH 6 xonar b Tpe6nma, KoraTO e 
opraHH3npaH na3ap, c Hen aa nponaBar nponyiciiHaTa ch h na ch KynaT KaKBOTO hm 
e Hy^KHO (PncTecKH 2006a: 27). 

IIpH npoyHBaHeTO Ha oGjiacrra Tojio Etpap ycTaHOBaBaHeTO Ha irbjimia cnii- 
cbK ot cejia b aji6aHCKaTa nacT ctuio He e JiecHO, tt>h KaTO cbGeceaHimirre Hafi- 
necTO 3HaaT npeaiiMHO ebceaHHTe cena h 3a Tax e TpyaHO o6xBamaHeTO Ha bchhkh 
cejiiima b pernoHa. Cnnpo Mapicy ot c. BopMHHa MapKHpa cejiara, b kohto ce 
roBopn „TexHHaT" 6tJirapcKH e3HK: „Hdem 1 Cmedneeo, Kneme, runeeu, nocne 
udem Tpeduuja koko ceno, Bopjuuua, nocne Ocmpenu Mono, ToneMO Ocmpenu... 
Manuocmpenu so euKajue Mue, foneMO Ocmpenu, ce dee Ocmpenu - zoneMO u 



5 B npiinoMceHaTa ki>m TeKCTa KapTa Ct. CTaiviaTOB e H3nHcan hmcto Ha cenoTO KaTO Btp- 
MHija. 

6 3a perHOHanHOTO Ha30BaBaHe Ha MecTHOTO HaceneHHe e H36paH TepMHHi>T „rono6i>pzmH" 
(BMecTO rono6i>pAeHL[H, ronoGip^HaHH h np. BapnaHTH, H3non3BaHH ot zipyrn aBTopn b 
EtJirapna), TbM KaTO Tcma e Ha30BaBaHeTO, KoeTO H3non3BaT Te caMHTe, h b to3h cmhctjH 
HeroBaTa ynoTpe6a e HaM-KopeKTHa. 

7 U,HTaTHTe b T03H TeKCT ca oiJiopMeHH rpaiJiHHHO npe3 OT6ena3BaHe Ha y/japeHHTe ruacHH 
c onuHATa Bold (noHepHjme). 

13 



juano.f...) Tlocjie om Mano Ocmpenu ouut eo Tynenu, nocjie enazaut eo JladuMepu- 
ua, u mn ceno myKa, TlacunKu, no TlacuHKu Mupeuiu, mo e andancKo. EyzapcKume 
do IJacuuKu. " 8 Cnopefl HH(j)opMaHHaTa, ct6paHa npii npoyHBaHe ot MaiceflOHCKH 
rocjieaoBarejiCKH eKHn (c ptKOBO/jHTeji A. CBeTHeBa), „Maice/iOHCKHaT e3HK ce 
roBopn b 16 cena - b Cre6jieBO, KneHbe, IiiHeeH, TpeGnma, BopHmia, loneMO 
OcTpeHe, P^KaHOBO, PaaoBem, JlenmHHaHH, Kohobhh, Mano OcTpeHe, Tynene, 
Jla^OMepHiia h IlacHHKH" (CBeTHeBa 20066: 11-12). OnHTtT Ha caMirre rojioGtp- 
p,u,w fla ch o6acHHT (jjaicra, ne b oGjiacrra HMa GtJirapcKH, ho HMa h aji6aHCKH cena 
(apnaymcKu), e CBtp3aH c reorpacjjCKHTe oco6chocth Ha pernoHa, c HajiHHHeTO Ha 
pexa, kohto KaTO rpaHHHa „aejiH" 6tJirapoe3HHHHTe ot aji6aHoe3HHHHTe cejiHHia. 
„H om Mucjin, /Jo nac wua dpyzo ceno, mo 36opeem Ka nac - ue KneHbe, 3ad nac, 
3ad Cmedneeo, e Eopoeo, mo ue 3Houm da sdopeum dyzapcKu uosuk, a mo hu de- 
jium nac - edun useop mo eopeum, Mezw ceno Cmedneeo u ceno Eopoeo... Cmedne- 
ev,u 3Hanm dyzapcKu, no-npeKo e Ceduma, na Kycpux 9 , na zpanuua co KneHbe, Kne- 
Hbe e ceno sdopeum 6yzapcKu, a Ceduma u3nonma n sdopeum dyzapcKu, usnonma 
sdopeum apnaymcKu. TyKa da oduvu no-npeKo, udevu runeeu - runeeu sdopeum 
6yzapcKo, Tpeduma no-dony sdopeum dyzapcm, nauio, nouduui e Jladojuepuua 
- sdopeum dyzapcKo. H Mucnn, nono eopeum om, oeue cena sdopeum dyzapcKo, 
oeue myKa apnaymcKo - oee eopeum useopom nocped oee cena, edno ceno sdopeu 
apnaymcKo, edno sdopeum dyzapcKo. M mo Moza da Mucnn n. H ue snan. " n 

KaKTO ce 3a6ejra3Ba, no OTHomeHHe Ha HMeHara Ha cejiHmara b Tojio Etpao 
e HajiHHe BapnaHTHOCT b TpaHCicpHnHHHTe cpe/i pa3JiHHHHTe 3anHCBanH h roane- 
/jOBarejiH. Taica HanpHMep, ny6jiHKyBaHKH 6tJirapcKH npHica3KH ot ,H,e6T>pcKO, K. 
IIIanKapeB npe3 1892 r. HHTnpa o6pa3HH ot rojioGtpflCKHTe cena c HMeHa: Ce6u- 
ma, Manecmpenu, /JpenoK, rbunee'ub, Cmedne'o (IIIanKapeB 1892: 1-29). Ta3H 
BapnaHTHOCT b HMeHaTa ce OT6ejia3Ba n ot A. CBeTHeBa: „3a Man Ocmpenu mojkq 
aa ce nye h Manecmpenu, Ocmpene Maeui<o, Mono Ocmpene, Ocmpene, 3a 77a- 
cuhku - riacenKu, 3a Cmedneeo - Cmednoo, Cmedno, Cmednoeo, 3a JladuMepu- 
ua - JIadoMepuua, Bnadwuepuua, 3a Kouoeeu - Koiioeuu, 3a runoeeu - runeeu, 
3a Tpedum® - Tpeduuma h np. (CBeTHeBa 20066: 14-15). E. MnnaHOB HHTnpa 
HMeHaTa Ha cejiara, yTOHHeHH c A. Haymn h O. H6paHMH, npoH3xo>KflaiHH ot 



8 Cnnpo MapKy, p. 1956 r. bi>b BopMHija, o6p. cpe^HO, MaMcTop, pa6oTHn 25 ro^HHH b 
nomaTa b Y. OcTpeHH, cera pa6oTH b o6m,HHaTa b Tpe6nma; c. BopMHi;a, 05.06.2008, 3an. 
B. ToHneBa. 

9 rpaHHi;a 

10 nonoBHHaTa 

11 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, p. 1955 r. b CTe6neBO, o6p. BHcme, HananeH ynHTen (25 ro/iHHH 
b Cre6neBo), ot 1995 r. acHBee b TnpaHa; rp. TnpaHa, 04.04.2008, 3an. B. ToHneBa, K. 
PaHroneB. 

14 



Eojio Btpflo - Cmediieeo, runoeu (reneeif), Kneme, Tpeduuje, TojieMO Ocmpenu 
(rojiejuu Ocmpenu), Manecmpenu (Mano Ocmpenu), Bopnuua, Tynenu, TlacunKu, 
Padoeuja, Mseupu, Jladojuepuua, rojieuuja, Koiioeeu, Jleuinunanu, Op^canoeo, 
MaxajiHTe Tp-bdnanuuje, Kajuen h 3a6opue. Ctc CMeceHO 6tJirapcK0 h aji6aHoe3- 
hhho HacejieHHe ca cejiara Ceduuja h Cmojihuk (MnnaHOB 2001: 17-18). 

IIo OTHOineHiie Ha jiOKajiH3HpaHeTO Ha rojioGtpflCKHTe cennma, oeraHajiH Ha 
TepHTopnaTa Ha KpajiCTBO POrocnaBHa (flHenma Peny6jiHKa Maice/jOHna), ctmo 
HMa pa3MHHaBaHHa b nocoHBaHara b pasjiHHHara jiHTeparypa (jjaKTOJiorna. Cnope/i 
panopT Ha Cp. IIonneTpoB (ny6jiHKyBaH ot Cb. EjifltpoB), „ot Taa mccthoct (Eojio 
Etpao - 6. m.) b CtpOna ca oeraHajiH c. 1) JJpenoeo, 2) 7Kenuu\a, 3) Modpun h 4) 
Omumanu (Eji^tpoB 2000: 223). M. Ohjihhobhh CHHTa, ne ot Eojio Etp/jo b K)ro- 
CJiaBHfl nona^aT ffpenoK, JJoKenuuja h Omumanu h /jajiOBe ot CHHopnTe Ha cenaTa 
Cmedneeo h Tpeduuja 12 . Ha ctc6jicbcko 3Cmjihihc b EOrocnaBHa rpyna CTe6jieBHa- 
hh ocHOBajiH hobo njiaHHHCKO cano - JlaKafiHa, a Ha Tpe6Hm,KO ce noaBaBa hobo 
cejiHme MaHacTHpeH (OHJimiOBHn 1940: 10-1 1). A. CBeTHeBa ctmo cnoMeHaBa 3a 
(jjopMHpaHeTO Ha c. MaHacrapeH Ha Run ot CHHopnTe Ha TpeGnma, kohto ocTaBa 
ot CTpaHara Ha KpancTBO K)rocjiaBHH cnsp, ntpBara CBeTOBHa BofiHa (CBeTHeBa 
20066: 11-12). CBe/jeHHaTa 3a TecHHTe Bpt3KH Meatfly CreGjieBO h JlaKafiHa, 3a 
kohto cnoMeHaBa h M. Ohjihhobhh (®HJiHnoBHh 1940: 43), ce noTBtp^KflaBar h 
ot rono&bpjmn: „Cejio jih e JlaKafiHa hjih e mccthoct? Ceno. Mecmo cmedneecKo, 
ceno JlaKaiiua ce euKa. He Mecmo cmedneecKo, myny juaKedoncKo. KaKBO 3HanH 
CTe6jieBCKO, THe ca jho/jh ot Ctc6jicbo? ffa, om Cmedneeo... " n CtmecTByBar flopn 
cnoMeHH 3a npecejiBaHHa b h ot JlaKafiHa npe/jH BTopaTa CBeTOBHa BofiHa: „ Om 
Cmedneeo ca 6udenu decern KyKu -pucmuxnu opmodoKcu um euKajue muc Mueea 
eo JIaKauua, na jito(pmama u ce epamua eo Andanun, nem-uiec Kymi ocmanae u ca 
mdezanu ceza, eden Ueemm e ocmanam, dpyzu nejua, mdezanu ca. 3HanH raa ca 
6hjih jjeceT KyKH, H36eraHH ca ot CreGjieBO h ca oth/jchh bo JlaKafiHa npep, 44- 
Ta? ffa, mpuecem u cedyjuma, mpuecem u uiecma, Tlocjie ce epamua eo Cmedneeo 
enu, enu dezaem e CKonue, e Cmpyza. 3am,o 36-Ta ro/jHHa ca othihjih jya. ^khbcat y 
JlaKafiHa? Omuuuiu mue ujua/iu, cu UMan 3eMH nuena. JIaKauua e cmedneecKa. " 1S 



12 Bci>ihhoct, npoyHBaHHflTa Ha M. Ohjihhobhh ca HanpaBeHH caMO Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha 
MaKe/iOHHH (ToraBa KpancTBO KDrocnaBHa) - b cenaTa JlaKaMua, IJpeHOK, flacenHiua h 
OTHiuaHH. OcBe^OMHTejiHTe My ca npecenHHUH, po/ieHH b Kjiem,e, CTe6neBO, Ce6Hina h 
jxp. OcHOBeH cb6ece^HHK My e Bjia/iHMHJi HcaKOBHH, y^men, po^OM ot CTe6neBO, pa6o- 
Tem b CKonne (<t>HJiHnoBHh 1940: 3-4). 

13 EcaT Thhh, p. 1936 r. b c. CTe6neBO, o6p. 7 kji., ropcKH pa6oTHHK, neHCHOHep; rp. Th- 
paHa, 31.03.2008, 3an. B. ToH^eBa, K. PaHroneB. 

14 BOHHaTa 

15 EcaT Thhh, 31.03.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

15 



IIpaKTHHecKH npii nocTaBaHeTO Ha rpaHHHaTa Meatfly KpancTBO AjiGamia h 
KpajiCTBO lOrocnaBiia HMOTHTe Ha mhoto ceMeficTBa h cena ce pa3flejiflT no fltJi- 
atHHa h ocTaBaT b flpyra fltpataBa (Bat. h PncTecKH 2006a: 30-31). ITo-HHTepec- 
hoto e, ne b HCTopHHecKara peTpocneKHHa Ha „3arBapflHeTo" Ha rpaHHHaTa no 
BpeMe Ha peatHMa Ha EHBep Xoflata h nocneflBamoTO „OTBapaHe" Ha rpaHHHaTa 
b HananoTO Ha 90-Te roflHHH Ha 20 b. Te3n 3eMH ocTaBaT Ha qyatfla TepnTopna, 
xe. cejiara hjih xopaTa ot „aji6aHCKHTe" cena Ha Tojio Etpflo HHKora noBene He 
noji3BaT co6cTBeHOCTTa en. A flHec BptmaHeTO o6paTHO Ha Ta3H co6ctb6hoct e 
HeBt3MoatHO. TaKtB e cnynaaT etc CTe6jieBCKH 3eMH b JlaicaHHa: „A cera Tne 3eMH 
ca Bauin? IJa namu ca, ajua uejwa doKyMenm, aude uaudu, Kode da zu nauda mea, 
cmap 6a6o mou, nocjie 6wi 6a6o mou, co mo da oda da 6apaM majuo, dode ne 
UMaui KHuea, MOOKeui da 6apaui?" u 

B GtnrapcKara Jinrepaiypa cnefl HananoTO Ha 90-Te roflHHH Ha 20 b. ce no- 
coHBar cjieflHHTe cena, npnnHCJiflBaHH kbm Iojio Etpflo, ho Ha TepnTopnaTa Ha 
flHenma Peny6jiHKa MaKeflOHHa: ocBeH 3Kennma, OTHmaH 17 , ,HpeHOK h MaxajraTa 
JlaKanna, b koato atHBeaT npecejiHHHH ot ce.no CreOjieBO, ce BKJHOHBar MoflpHH, 
KaKTO n ctceflHaTa Ha JlaKanna >I6jiaHHna (MnnaHOB 2001: 18). Cnopefl M. Oh- 
jranoBHH, >I6jiaHHna He cnafla klm oGjiacrra Eojio Etpflo, a klm ^.phmkoji (Ohjih- 
noBnh 1940: 3). Ho no-paHO npe3 1900 r. B. Rbhhob mime: „Okojio Illap njiaHHHa 
acHBeflT b HaKOJiKO KynHHHH Gtmapo-MOxaMeflaHH - mopdemu. Te o6pa3yBar Tpn 
OTflejiHH KynHHHH. Hafi-rojiaMara e Ha ioro3anafl ot rpafla J\e(ybp h o6xBama rpe- 
6eHa Ha nnaHHHCKaTa Bepnra, kohto flenH kophtoto Ha HepHH ,3pHM ot kophtoto 
Ha /LiBOJia. Taa Top6euiKa KynHHHa e npofltJiateHa flopn flo OxpnflCKOTO e3epo. 
B Hea BJiH3aT 4 hhcto Top6eniKH nil CMeceHH cena c xphcthshh Gtmapn. HaM- 
BaacHH ot Tax ca TpeGnma, Eojiamo h MajiKO OcTpeHH h .HSjiamma. IroaneflHOTO 
jieatH nofl eflHOHMeHHH ch Bptx, Hafi-BHCOK b Taa Bepnra, kohto ce Hapnna >I6jia- 
HHna nnamiHa" (IObhhob 1900: 45), T.e. B. Kbhhob nocTaBa ^K-namma b ctroaTa 
rpyna cena. MaKap, ne BtnpoebT flann ^K-namma nonafla b oGnacTTa Eono Etpflo 
roraeatfla Ha nptB nornefl (jjopMajieH, mhchhcto Ha eflHH atHrcn Ha CreGjieBO no- 
TBtpacflaBa Bee naK HajinnneTO Ha Bpi>3KH Meatfly flBeTe cena h tsxhoto 3HaHeHHe: 
„ Cjue UManu <papa u , cjue daeajie, cjue seMaiie, om H6naHuua, wuaMe Mue neeecme 
seMeno om Mdjianuua, Cmedneeo co H6naHuua, na Kyxpun, " 19 

BtnpeKH npaKTHnecKH H3KycTBeHOTO pa3fle.naHe Ha pernoHa, toh e 6hji otho- 
CHTenHO eflHHeH (flo 3arBap«HeTO Ha rpaHHHaTa cnefl 1944 r). EflHa ot npHHHHHTe 



16 BHOneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

17 E. MnnaHOB th Ha30BaBa }KenHma h OTHiuaH, ho AHemHHTe HMeHa Ha cenaTa ca JJ,>Ke- 
nnma (IJenniHTa) h OTHiuaHH. 

18 pOflHHHH 

19 EcaT Thhh, 31.03.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

16 



3a cbxpaHaBaHero Ha 6tJirapcKOTO HacejieHne Tyic e rpynoBaTa eHAoraMHa no Bep- 
CKa h eTHHnecKa jihhhh, kosto ot CBoa CTpaHa e o6yanoBeHa ot 3arBopeHHa xapaic- 
Tep Ha reorpacjjCKHTe cahhhhh KaTO Tojio EtpAO, ioro3anaAHO ot .H.eGtp, CTpyacKH 
JipuMKon, fl,0JiHa Pexa, cpe^HOTO TeneHHe Ha peica Pa^HKa, fl,0JiHa /JeGtpcica )Kyna 
h pp. (Bac. h JiHMaHOCKH 1993: 321). J\o noconeHHa nepnoA pernoHtT e (jjyHKHH- 
OHHpaji KaTO CBoeo6pa3Ha hajioct, KaTO e^HHHa TepnropHa h b KynTypeH cmhcbji, 
6e3 omeA Ha pa3JiHKHTe b pejiHrH03Hara npHHaAJieacHOCT Ha HacejieHHeTO kim 
HanaMCKara h xpncTHaHCKara npaBoanaBHa Bapa. 3a ro.noG'bpAHH nop, „rp a fli> T " ce 
e noflpa36Hpaji (a h AHec ce noflpa36npa) .ZJeOtp. C Hero e Hafi-AHpeKTHara, Hafi- 
KpaTKaTa Bpt3Ka (Bac. h PncTecKH 2006a: 28), toh e o6eAHHaBam neHTtp 3a Henna 
pernoH, CejinmeB ro Hapnia ajiGaHO-OtJirapcKH rpaA (CejinmeB 1931: 2). 

Bp-bSKara MeacAy TepHTopHHTe cnefl nocTaBaHeTO Ha HOBara rpaHHHa ce H3pa- 
3aBa h b flocTa aKTHBHH MHrpaHHOHHH flBH)KeHHa cnep EajncaHCKara BOHHa, Kaicro 
h cnep IltpBaTa CBeTOBHa BOHHa ot Tojio EtpAO icbm ^eGtpcKH ^.phmkoji (Cbcth- 
eBa 20066: 13). A. CBeraeBa CHHra, ne MHHHMajiHHre KynTypHH pa3JiHKH MQmpy 
fleGtpcKH ^phmkoji h Tojio EtpAO CTaBaT no-acHH KaTO pe3yjrrar ot norpaHHHHHa 
eraryc Ha TepHTopnaTa cnep EajncaHCKHre bohhh 1912-13 r., KoraTO ca npeKtCHa- 
th ecTecTBeHHTe KOMyHHKaHHH (CBeTHeBa 20066: 13), ho bct>ihhoct Ta3H Bpt3Ka 
He e npeKtCBaHa po 1944 r. B nepnofla Meatfly flBeTe cbctobhh bohhh, bi>b Bpe- 
MeTO Ha Kpan 3ory b Aji6aHHa, HacejiemieTO ot flBeTe CTpaHH Ha rpaHHnara a 
npeMHHaBa othochtcjiho cbo6oaho h o6pa6oTBa 3eMaTa ch ot flpyrara h CTpaHa. 
JXopw Hemo noBene, Tojio Btpflo e TperapaH KaTO rpaHHieH pernoH h rojioGtpflHH 
HMaT no-cneHH(})HHeH CTaTyc h cbotbctho, cbo6oah (Bac. Phctcckh 2006a: 31). 
Iio-BtspacTHH acHTejiH CBHfleTejiCTBaT 3a TOBa BpeMe: „IJped jiHxpmama, Jiwcpma 
e dyum 20 , Mope, 3naeui mu Jiwcpma e dwm (...) Kaic CTe xoahjih ao JlaKafiHa npe3 
nnaHHHa, HMano e rpaHHHa TaMO, ch ofleBTe? Cu odeejue, 6eme nyujeno k(iko 
ceza, nam eue, iqo cme 6ymapu wemame cee Eepona, Hue ne mookcm da wemaMe 
Hutijo. " n /JeficTBHTejiHO xopa ot CreGjieBO ca npeMHHaBanH cbo6oaho rpaHHnara, 
3a fla o6pa6oTBaT 3eMaTa ch b ebceAHara JlaKafiHa, KoaTO ToraBa e cptGcxa: „LU,o 
3a(pamue m>peo omdeneuue 11 , 6op6a eodeme Ci>p6uH co Mmajiun, Ci>p6uH h nana 
Mmajiun, Kpan... so onpea 23 eo (PpanuiiH, ce nyuju zpamiuama myKa eo Cmedjieeo, 
na Jlaviauua, ceza oee ujo cu 6ea cume, ufo cu UMan seMH, eo Cmedneeo, cmedjiee- 
cko e moea, cu doudon da cu padomam, nueademo da h Kocam, da padomam co 
cmoKa, Hacmanu. Hueno 6evue. " 1A 



20 BTopaTa CBeTOBHa bohim 

21 EcaT Thhh, 31.03.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 



22 Bo>khh Ohubokh e poaeH npe3 1928 r., b ntpBH Knac e 6hji okojio 1934-35 r. 

23 3acTpenaxa 

24 Eo>khh Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

17 



JiHHHara Heropiia Ha Btokhh Ohjibokh HmocTpiipa t^kmo Te3H cbo6o/jhh TpaH- 
crpaHHHHH „npHflBH>KBaHHa" - ceMeficTBOTO My ce npecejiBa okojio 1924 r. ot 
KneHbe b JlaKafiiia, icb/jeTO toh ce pa>K^a (npe3 1928 r.) h OTKb/jeTO o6paTHO ce 
BptmaT b KneHbe npe3 1941 r. IipHHHHara 3a 3aBpi>iHaHeTO hm e, ne npHTe>KaBaHa- 
Ta ot ceMeficTBOTO 3eMH e b KneHbe, a Ha cp"b6cica TepnropHa Te o6pa6oTBar qy>Kaa 
3eMa 25 . HanajiHOTO o6pa30BaHHe, kocto B. OnjibOKH nojiynaBa, e Ha cp"b6cKH e3HK, 
6jiaroflapeHHe Ha KoeTO toh HaynaBa h KHpnuHHa, a yHHJiHmeTO, kocto nocemaBa, 
flopn He e b JlaicaHHa, a b ebceflHara >I6jiaHHHa: „... umom mpu pa3pedu cbpdcKu 
ujo nuwa, ci>p6cku. Tla Ci>p6uM 6eme myKa eo JIaKauua u Hue odeejue mpu caamu 
Hanose u mpu caamu uaua3ad eo M6jiauuua om JIaKauua, 3auj JIaKauua moiibKy 
6e - nem-uiecnaece kkuju... " 26 

Oco6eHO HHTepeceH e (Jjojikjiophhat pa3ica3 3a nocTaBSHeTO Ha rpaHHHaTa 27 

- TOH e HJHOCTpaHHfl Ha (j)OJIKJIOpHHTe MexaHH3MH 3a T^JIKyBaHe Ha HCTOpHSTa H 

HCTopHnecKHTe cb6HTHa. H TOBa e pa3Ka3, kohto e no3Har b Henna pernoH, xe. 
toh (})yHKHHOHHpa KaTO 3HaHHe, pa3npocTpaHaBaHO no ycTeH m>T b pa3JiHHHH Ba- 
pnaHTH. Btokhh Ohjibokh pa3Ka3Ba 3a peraeHHeTO Ha HHrepHaHHOHajiHa komhchs, 
kosto e noflBefleHa ot ppe He3HaeiHH 6"bJirapcKH e3HK Tpe6HiHKH CHaxn - aji6aHKH: 
„ Cnyuiau, JlaKaiiua e juecmo cmedneecKo, om cmedneecKume, om epeMemo komu- 
cunma, Koza ce odenu, Koza dejiu... came majuo do Ulonenue 1 * da zo uanpaem da 
enesum eo Cpi>6cKo, Koza doudoe eo Tpeduuja, ujua cpi>6cKu komucuu, ujuauie zep- 
MancKu, uMauie 6-biizapcKu, ujuauie cpi>6cKu, ujuauie euznucKu, u andaucKu, Koza 
doudoe eo Tpeduuja, Tpeduuja sdopum nucmo 6-biizapcKu MamdoHCKu, ucmo Kai<o 
nacu, 6wie uuje no-y6aeo, saujo no-6nu30 om nac Tpeduuja. Hjuauie ena otceua, 
neeecma om ToneMU JJe6i>p, IleuiKynuM 29 ... Oea ueeecma 6eute MKMceua eo Tpe6u- 
vua, u ena dpyza maKa. M ujo uanpaeua oee mpeduuiKuee - u3(poiiua oee ueeecmu- 



25 HHTepecHa no OTHomeHiie Ha eTHiraecKOTO onpe^enaHe e cmyauHflTa, b koato e 6hjio 
nocTaBeHO TOBa ceMeMcrBO. UpH npeMecTBaHeTO ch b JiaKaMua Te ca HapiraaHH „6i>JirapH" 
(ti>h KaTO HziBaT ot „6i>JirapcKHTe" cena b An6aHHa), a npn 3aBpT>maHeTO ch b KneHbe ca 
HapH^aHH „ci>p6h" (ti>h KaTO H/iBaT ot ToraBauiHOTO KpancTBO KDrocnaBHa). To3h nacreH 
cnynaM e CHMnroMaTHHeH 3a CHTyaTHBHOcrra npn nocraBAHeTO Ha Te3H eTHH^ecKH „eTH- 
KeTH". IIoBeqe 3a eTHH^ecicaTa H^ennraHOCT bjk. b qacira „H^eHTHHHOCT". 

26 Eo>khh <t>HJii,OKH, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

27 IIoHaTHaTa 3a rpaHHua cpe/; rojio6i>p,z;HH ca ,,MeMCHUK", „MeoKda" (Meac^y /;Ba h no- 
Bene hmoth), „ cunep ", ,, cunop " (Meacziy ^Be h noBene cennma h 3eMJiHiu,aTa hm) h „ icy- 
4>uh", ,,zpadmiija" (^i>p>KaBHa rpaHHi;a) (B>k. h PHcrecKH 2006a: 31). 

28 LUyneH3e (an6. Shupenze) e an6aHCKO cennme b OKptr ByiiHH3a, pa3nono>KeHO e 6jih30 
ao rpaHHi;aTa c ah. P MaKe^OHHH b ceBepHaTa nacr Ha Tono Etpzio. 

29 IleiHKonHfl (an6. Peshkopia) e an6aHCKH rpa^, iieHTbp Ha OKpi>r JJ,e6i>p h Ha a^MHHH- 
CTpaTHBHa o6nacT JJ,e6i>p. Pa3nono>KeH e b ^ojiHHaTa Ha U,i>pHH JJ,pHM b 3anaflHOTO no^HO- 
acne Ha nnaHHHHTe Kopa6 h JJ,eiuaT. 

18 



ee nped KOMUcunma, 3a da nesdopam MamdoncKu an dyzapcKu, usnese ena om Hue 
- uyx duM 6ymap... ujun. M mue ce nocyKae, Eden om 6ymapume pene - koko ujo 
dodpa neeecma om mpeduujKume. Kasean no-cmapu om Mem, KaKo iqo Kaotcean. 
(...) H noufo maKa mue epamua zpanuuama Had Modpun, Had flpenoK, Topa, Pa- 
dyn zope, om Padyn... Had Cmedneeo u My sedoa uenomo none na Cmedneeo... " M 
IIoflo6eH BapiiaHT nnrnpa h JI. Phctcckh, cnope/i hhhto ocBe/jOMirreji b HanajiOTO 
HaMa rpaHHija, ho n/nm /jejieranna „®paHny3, Cp6aH h Aji6aHen", 3a p,a a noera- 
bh. Ta3H /jejieranna pemaBa 3a nonirra MHHaBainn }kchh KaicBB e3HK roBopaT. Ho, 
KaKTO n b iiHTHpamia no-rope BapHanr, „KOMHcnaTa" nonajia Ha >KeHa ot aji6aHCKO 
ceMeficTBO, raiBeema TaM. OTroBoptT h - „Hyic th, HyK jih yra, He pa36npaM Maice- 
flOHCKO, copncKO, (...) a3 CbM aji6aHKa" npejipnpe/iejiHJi ocTaBaHeTO Ha Te3H cejia 
b Aji6aHHa (PncTecKH 2006a: 28-29). 

H ome e^HH (jjojiKJiopeH pa3Ka3 npncbCTBa b MecTHHTe HapaTHBH h no CBoeo6- 
pa3eH HannH ctino „03HanaBa" rpaHnnaTa. Ton e CBi>p3aH c TonoHHMa „Tpo6om 
om neeecmama" h rpaHHHHOTO My cnTynpaHe: ,,/Jenu Kycpunma, zpadnuuama, 
denum Kau zpodom, UMa eden zpod maMo. (...) Heeecmama, nocne ocmananu cea- 
moume u euKaMe Mue Mecmomo - Ceamoume, rpodom om neeecmama, na Kycpun, 
Kau denum Andanun u MaKedonun. " 31 Pa3ica3Ba ce, ne CBaT6eHO mecTBHe Tptr- 
Ba ot JlaGyHnma (ah. P Maice/jOHna) klm CreGjieBO, BOflefiKH HeBecTa Ha koh, 
„oeue ceamouee h nodcMennu... neeecmaea, u ce noMOKu 32 neeecmama na kohh, 
ma ce nocpaMomuna. Y6ae u nben e Tocnod, zonbeM mou, Hue ne so euotcdaMe, 
mou euotcdam Mnozy u nyeMnozy, mou ujo hu nanpau u ne ujye. -A maKa pememe 
eue sa neeecmama, 6pe! E me do^cd ma u eopnem 33 , ceemKaux^u u nanpaeem, mny, 
uiKpyMe ceamou u neeecma! M ocmanano Mecmomo - Ha Ceamoume. M Tpodom 
om neeecmama. " M 

MoTHBtT 3a BKaMeHeHa/3aMpa3eHa 6a6a (HeBecTa) e no3Har bi>b (jjojiKJiopa Ha 
noBeneTO eBponencKH n hskoh HeeBponeficKn HapoflH (BtJinnHOBa 1994: 56). Ba- 
pnaHTHTe My ca aHajiH3npaHH ot pa3JinnHH 6i>JirapcKH HSCJie/jOBarejiH — CKCKerbT 
e CBtp3aH etc caHicnHOHHpaHeTO Ha 6a6aTa ot e/jHH ot MecenHTe (Cenico, MapTa), 
tbh KaTO Ta ce OTHaca HeyBamrrejiHO ki>m Hero (BtJinnHOBa 1994, Mojijiob 2002), 
hjih HaKa3BaHeTO Ha >KeHa ot Tocnofl, nopa/jn TOBa, ne He H3ni>jiHaBa KOHicpeT- 
Ha 3a6paHa - KaKtBTO e BapnaHTbT b jiereHflara 3a Kaa6aniKOTO 6jiaTO (Mojijiob 
2001). B pa3Ka3a ot Tojio Etpao CBaTOBeTe ce npncMHBaT Ha HeBecTara, a KaKTO 



30 EoacHH (Dhjibokh, 02.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

31 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. CTe6jieBO. 



34 HcManji Thhh, p. 1933 r b c. Cre6jieBO, o6p. 7 kji., /itpBap, ot 1995 r. acHBee b Eji6acaH; 
c. CTe6jieBO, 02.06.2008, 3an. B. ToHieBa, A. 5KanoB. 

19 



OT6ejia3Ba T. BtJiHHHOBa, „Hafi-HecTO cpemaHHTe npiiCMexyjiHii H3pa3H ce OTHa- 
caT kt>m TCJiecHara flOJiHHHa h kt>m HefimiTe OT/jejiaHHa" (BtJiHHHOBa 1994: 57), 
3aroBa Te 6nBaT HaKa3aHH - „zu (pamujia 3UMama" h Taica HaMiipar CMtprra ch. 
Ejih3i>k 30 rojioOtpflCKHa ckokct e no3HaT b Ktpfl^KajiHHCKO, Kt/jeTO ce HaMHpa 
npHpoflHHaT (jjeHOMeH „KaMeHHa CBaT6a". Aktbt Ha „BKaMeH5raaHe" e Haica3aHHe 
3a HapyraeHOTO npaBHJio /ja He ce BH>Kfla jihhcto Ha HeBecTaTa - Ban>pi>T /jyxBa 
6yjiOTO Ha HeBecTaTa h CBaTGapnre BH^K^aT jihhcto h. Bi>b BapnaHT Ha Ta3H jiereH- 
fla npHHHHa 3a HaKa3aHHeTO ca rperaHHTe noMHCJiH Ha CBeici>pa, no>Kejiaji Gyjncara 
CJiefl KaTO bh/uiji jihhcto h. HnrepecHO e, ne b Tojio Etp/jo cbmecTByBa neceHeH 
TeKCT c TaKtB mothb - CBeia>pi>T, ronpareH #a TtpcH aceHa 3a CHHa ch, no)KejiaBa 
BO^eHaTa ot Hero HeBecTa, oiie/i KaTO BH>K/ia jihhcto h (B>k. N°40, 41). ToBa Ha- 
6jiK)fleHHe caMO 6h Morjio /ja 3aTBi>pflH npeflCTaBara 3a o6ihh apxerami, peanH3H- 

paHH B pa3JIHHHH (})OJIKJIOpHH BapHaHTH. 

Ba^KHO 3a BapnaHTa ot pafioHa Ha Tojio Btp^o e, ne HeBecTaTa h CBaTOBeTe Ha- 
MnpaT CMtpTTa ch tbkmo Ha rpaHHHara. CtmecTByBaHCTO Ha to3h pa3ica3 6h Mor- 
jio fla ce HHTepnpeTHpa KaTO CBoeo6pa3eH MexaHH3i>M 3a „Ha6aBaHe" Ha HCTopna, 
c kohto rpaHHHaTa /ja ce CBtp3Ba, h nopa/jH TOBa jiOKajiH3HpaHeTO Ha cjiyiKara e 
HMeHHO TaM. 3amoTO rpaHHHaTa e hobo noHaTHe 3a TOBa HacejieHHe h ce Hy^K^ae 
ot jierHTHMHpaHe b kojickthbhoto ci>3HaHHe. Bi>3mo>kho e o6aie 3HaHHeTO 3a to- 
noHHMa „rpo6oT ot HeBecTaTa" p,a e Hacne/ieHO h o6ckti>t 3a e nojiynnji btophhho 
HCTopH3HpaHe CJiefl nocTaBaHeTO Ha rpaHHHaTa. Ho flopn h 3a caMHTe rojio6i>p3HH 
HCTHHHOCTTa Ha to3h pa3Ka3 e cbMHHTejiHa: „ One mu Ka^cee juene dedo. % zo 
numae 3aiqo u euKaem OKe, mou OKe mu UMam peneno. KaKo e HaeucmuncKomo, 
domoKMy ne zo 3H0ime. " 3S 

IIo OTHoraeHHe Ha KOHCTHryHpaHCTO Ha HOBara rpaHHHa Ha AjiGamia ot mok- 
3yHapoflHaTa /ninjiOMarHHecica KOH(})epeHHHa npe3 1913 r. Cb. EjifltpoB OT6ejia3- 
Ba, ne OKOHnaTejiHOTO ycTaHOBaBaHe Ha rpaHHHHaTa jikhhs b fleficTBHTejiHOCT 
CTaBa e^Ba ^eceTHHa ro^KHH no-KtCHO. ToBa HaS-Bene ce oraaca 3a yHacTbHHre 
ceBepHO ot OxpnflCKOTO h k»kho ot IIpecnaHCKOTO e3epo. IIo Ta3H npHHHHa 6i>ji- 
rapcKHTe comma h HHCJieHOCTTa Ha 6i>JirapcKOTO HacejieHHe b Aji6aHHa npe/jH h 
CJiefl IltpBaTa CBeTOBHa BOHHa He ca e/niaKBH (EjiatpoB 2000: 9). Ha npaKTHica 
ctmecTByBaT nepHO/ni Ha BapnpaHe Ha rpaHHHHTe b Hacrra Kpafi Tojio Etpao. JI. 
Phctcckh HHTnpa HHCJjopiviaHHa, cnope/i KoaTO okojio HtpBaTa CBeTOBHa BOHHa 
(1914-1915) b naMerra Ha HacejieHHeTO ocTaHajin cnoMeHH 3a rpaHHHaTa, KoaTO 
^ejiajia TepHTopnaTa Ha /nm /jajia, h aopn MHHaBajia Meayry cejiaTa CreGjieBO h 
KneHbe (npn CBaT6a npexBtpjinjiH caMO HeBecTaTa ot KneHbe npe3 rpaHHHaTa) 
(Phctcckh 2006a: 30). rojio6i>p/mH CBH/jeTejiCTBar 3a pa3MHpHHre BpeMeHa, 3a 



35 HcMaiDi Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. CTe6jieBO. 

20 



necTara npoMam Ha rpaHHHHara jihhhji, 3a npHCbCTBHCTO Ha pa3JiHHHH bohckh 
Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha Tojio Etpao: „MaKedonuH 6eme kojiohuh cbpdcKa. M ce ee- 
nuMe UMemo MaKedonun. (...) Ci>p6uH 6ewe. Tlped moea 6ewe Etmapufi, E-bjiza- 
pun e dudena u oede, e Andanun. (...) Tlo-nanped Typuun 6ewe, Aycmpo-Vmapun, 
@panuux, kou ne 6e oede... Kou ne dou.de!" 36 B mccthhtc pa3ica3H ce OTicpoaBa h 
3HaHneTO 3a HTajinaHCKO npncbCTBHe b pernoHa - npe3 1939 r. Aji6aHHa e oicy- 
nnpaHa h BnocjieflCTBHe aHeKcnpaHa ot HTajina. Oaicr e o6ane, ne b kojickthb- 
HaTa naMeT cnoMenbT 3a EtJirapna e oco6eHO yctohhhb: „Ei>jizapcKo. E-bjizapun 
noeKbe e cedena eo juecmama nauiu. E-bmapun e 6udena dea noma, mpu noma, 
kojiko, Kaufo hu Ka3eawe cmapume. TamKo mu mou mpu zodunu e 6uden eounuK, 
cajidam, 6-biizapcKu, co cmpuKa mu, deoiiuama (...) Bo epejuemo, m>peama eouna, 
eo mau eouna, moza, cmpuKo mu ocmana maMO, ce pasdonu jiouio om xojiepa, ne 
ce epamu u ocmana... " 31 

BpT>3Kara Ha mccthoto HaccneHHe c EtJirapna h bt>o6ihc Ha AjiGamia h BtJira- 
pna (hhhto ocjjHHHaiiHH ^HnjiOMaTHHecKH OTHOHiemia flaTHpar ot 1914 r.) c npo- 
MeHJiHBa aKTHBHOCT npo/rbJi>KaBa 30 1939 r., KaKTO CBHaeTancTBaT bchhkh floicy- 
MeHTH, ny6jiHKyBaHH ot Cb. Eji/p>pob (Eji^tpoB 2000). Cnep, 1944 r. GtJirapHTe 
b Aji6aHHa, pecn. h aaiBeeiHHTe b Eojio Btp^o, ca 3a6paBeHH - b rojiaMa CTeneH 
npHHHHaTa 3a TOBa e pokhmt>t Ha EHBep Xopma h „3aTBapaHeTo" Ha rpaHHHara: 
„ Cned jiHKpmama, jnocpma e dyum om nemupuuecem - nemupuecem u nemupu u 
moza ce sameopu Kycpunma. Ce sameopu zpadnuuama. " 3S 

B „EHBepoBOTO BpeMe", Kaicro ro Ha30BaBaT rono&bpjmw, AjiGamia e nocTaBe- 
Ha b ntJiHa roanaHHa, oco6eHO CJiefl 1948 r., nopa/jH BJioraaBaHeTO Ha othoihchh- 
aTa Meatfly AjiGamia h K)rocnaBHa. HHrepecHO e, ne BtnpeKH othochtcjiho H30- 
jinpaHHa HanHH Ha >khbot Ha rpaHHHHOTO HaceneHHe b Eojio Etpflo, ce cpemaT h 
ci>6eceflHHHH, kohto ca 6hjih HantJiHO HaacHO c nojiHTHHecicaTa CHTyaHHa: „Edno 
epeMe eeneeMe - Eneep, Cmanun, Tumo, JIuMumpoe - eejieeMe saedno, nocne ce 
najiiomueMe 39 , ce omdenueMe. Ceza cu ce cdpyotcueMe naK da cu npauMe Myadem 
Ka napod... 40 h ome „Ha nemupuecem u ocMa, Koaa ujo ce pa3cuna Tumo c Eneep 
Odotca, monbKy cmpozo ce nanpau moea, Jiene MauKo Muna... " 4l 

J\o 1991 r. rpamiHHTe ca H3Ha.no 3aTBopeHH nop, cnenHajieH pokhm, ^khbotbt 



36 EoacHH Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

37 EoacHH Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 3HaHHeTO 3a EturapHa He e CBi>p3aHO toji- 
KOBa c npncbCTBHeTO h Ha Te3H TepHTopHH, a etc ci>3HaHHeTO 3a npoH3xofl. B>k. Hacrra 

HfleHTHHHOCT. 

38 EcaT Thhh, 31.03.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

39 pa3CbpAHXMe ce 

40 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. Ore6jieBo. 

41 Eo>khh Ohubokh, 02.04.2008, TnpaHa. 

21 



b H30JiaiiHfl e oco6eHO MaprHHajiH3Hpam 3a oGmHOcrra ot Tojio Etp/jo, pa3no- 
jiO)KeHa b Hafi-rojiaMa 6jih30Ct hmchho p,o Te3H rpaHHHH, no OTHomeHiie Ha ko- 
MyHHKaiiHH, HH(j)pacTpyKTypa, ntTiima. CtflGara Ha 6tJirapHTe Ha npaKTHica e 
flopn no-TOKica ot Ta3H Ha an6aHHHTe ot BtTpeuiHOCTTa Ha CTpaHara, tbh KaTO b 
lOrocnaBHa ocTaBaT He caMO tcxhh 3eMH, ho h tcxhh 6jih3kh h po/jhhhh, c koh- 
to roflHHH Hapefl HaMar HHKaKBa Bpt3ica: „H6jiaHuua e eo MamdoHUH, ce ooKenu 
MOMUHKa om Cmedjieeo, ce sameopu zpadnuua, ocmana nenoudeno majuo, UMawe 
edna momuhku, ocmape Maiim u, ue h eude, MauKa u u usjiaseme dyiuama doKa 
ne... KepuMa ce euKauie man, upene cunom - Mde Kepujua u man 6umuca 42 , h U3- 
MaMae, a umaoicuH, ne cu eude MOMmemo nemupuece u oceM zodun cmon zpadnu- 
ua 3ameopeno... " 4i TpaHHHara e na3eHa erporo - onacaHa c 6oflJiHBa Ten, KapaynH, 
narpyjiH h t.h., a OTHoraeHHeTO kt>m o6iHHOCTTa e oco6eHO nofl03pHTejiHO. ToBa, 
cnopefl JI. PncTecKH, ce ffbJDKH Ha ctMHeHHeTO b jioflJiHOCTra Ha rojioGtpflHH kt>m 
an6aHCKaTa fltp^aBa, nopa/jH cjia6o H3pa3eHHa hm aji6aHCKH narpHOTHStM (Phc- 
TecKH 2006a: 32), ho h Ha (jjaicra, ne 3a an6aHCKaTa BJiacT e HantJiHO hcho, ne Te 
me TtpcaT KOHTaKT c poflHHHHTe ch b lOrocnaBHa: „3ameopeHO, 3ameopeno. Tya 
6ewe cmeznamo epeMemo, nac hu 6euie cmpae, n onde eo MamdoHux enymm 44 
mou, ho He udeejue, hu 6ewe cmpae da noudeui majuo (...), m nouduui co nacout 45 , 
co... ajua Ke noudeuie, me cmaeum juajio epeMe da cmouui majuo, mamKo mu mou 
e 6uden na epeMemo Eneepoeo eo MaviedoHUH e 6uden, co nacout u nocede mou 
maMO dee nedejiu, na JOzocnaeun, aMa maMO co mujiuuuh no nezo, da so eudum da 
ne npaeu neujo, da sdopu neujo, ceza e no-cjiododno, ceza cu udeMe, cu sdopuMe, 
ne 6epuMe zaune. " 46 

Ho BpeMe Ha pe>KHMa Ha EHBep Xofl)Ka He ctmecTByBa ocj)HHHajiHa 3a6paHa 3a 
ce roBopn 6tJirapcKH e3HK: „... noeen neMam peneno - cmon, do myxa, neMa eene 
da so sdopeume mou uosuk. HeMam peneno. M denecKa, ujo cyM h e Tupau, u\o 
dtcueea, ujo padoma, UMam noeex, ujo cu sdopeum co Mene dyzapcKo, cu sdopeum, 
cu zo 3hom - cu zo 36opeaM, ue Mourn da Me 3anpum... " h icaro npHHHHa 3a TOBa 
GtJirapHTe H3TBKBar ocjjHHHajiHOTO HenproHaBaHe Ha o6iHHOCTTa 3a MamiKHCTBo: 
„He nodapan hukou, 3aufo, Hue ne zo uMaeMe uo3UKom da ce 6poum... Hue ne CMe 
ce 6pounu MUHopumem. He CMe dpoenu. " 41 

H Bee naK rpaHHHHOTO CHTynpaHe Ha o6iHHOCTTa cb3flaBa chchhcjjhhhh ycno- 



42 CBtpiIIH, 3aBtpiIIH 



43 <t>aTHMe Tpy^a, p. 1963 r. b CTe6neBO, o6p. ochobho, 3eMe^eiiHe, ot 1994 r. >KHBee b 
TnpaHa; c. CTe6neBO, 22.06.2007, 3an. B. ToH^eBa, K. PaHroneB. 

44 BHyK, ho h nueMeHHHK 

45 nacnopT 

46 Cnnpo MapKy, c. BopMHija, 05.06.2008, 3an. B. ToH^eBa. 

47 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

22 



Biia Ha ctmecTByBaHe Ha e3HKa. OaniMe Epy/ja pa3Ka3Ba cjiynafi, b kohto npn H3- 
MepBaHe Ha 3eM5rra b rpaHHHHaTa 30Ha, cpt6cKH bohhhk 6pon Ha e3HK, pa36npaeM 
3a rono6'bpflHH, ho TOBa pa3no3HaBaHe He MO>Ke /ja ce /jeMOHCTpnpa: „... dpoeme, 
Hue MepeeMe sejuxma, Mempa, mon... kh euKame - eduo, dea, mpu, nemupu, nem, 
dpoeme na onaKeamo, Hue snaeeMe, myKy ue hu ocmaean, kh Momeejue... " 48 Pe- 
anHO e3HKi>T (jjyHKHHOHHpa KaTO „flOMaiueH", KaKTO nopa/ni yerHOTO My pa3npoc- 
TpaHeHHe, Taica h b no-ranaMa CTeneH, nopa/jH o6m,ecTBeHHTe h cohhohojihth- 
necKHTe o6cTOflTejiCTBa. 0(j)HHHajiHHflT an6aHCKH e3HK ce roBopn b ny6jiHHHOTO 
npocTpaHCTBO, a 3a /jOMauma ynoTpe6a ce noji3Ba MafiHHHHflT 6tJirapcKH e3HK: 
„ CaMO Kosa kh odea na uikojio - aji6aucKo, Kypcu dojwa, e KyKu, necMU, ceaedu, mu 
eude e cmped Tupana - cu nee majuo Kam cu camm, u na eaKinom Eneepoe... " 49 
Oco6eHO b fltp^KaBHHTe an6aHCKH HHCTHTyHHH e 6hjio HeMHCJiHMO ynoTpe6flBa- 
HeTO Ha co6cTBeHHa e3HK, cbmecTByBajia e peajiHa 3annaxa ot caHKHHH. ToBa ce 
OTHaca flopn 3a My3HKaHTHTe, H3nt.nHflBa.jiH poflHHTe 6tJirapcKH necHH no pa3- 
jihhhh noBOflH 3a o6inHOCTra: „Ha Kyjimypnuom doM ue hu ocmaean da neeM 
necMU dyzapcKu, caMO andaucKu. TleeeMe cajuo no ceamdu u e doM, uemde Kade 
cedneejue eopadoma u neeejue dyzapcKu, eo Kyjimypnuo doM - ne, 3a nponazauda 
azumacuoH deanaece zoduuu e sameop. " 50 

B ro/niHHTe Ha irbjma H30JianHfl Ha Aji6aHHfl ctinecTByBa 3a6paHa 3a me/jane h 
cnymaHe Ha nyac^H Me/nin, b t. h. 6tJirapcKH h loroanaBCKH, Maicap ne rono6'bpanH 
flOCTa necTO ca cjiymajiH pa/nio „Ma co cmpae, ne 6eej\te cnododuu " 51 . Ba>KHO e p,a 
ce OT6ejie>KH o6ane, ne to3h pe>KHM 52 ce e OTHacaji 3a bchhkh an6aHCKH rpa^K^aHH, 
xe. HMa cnennajmo OTHoraeHne klm GtJirapnTe KaTO pa3JiHHHa eTHnnecica rpyna: 
„Ha mejieeusuH, padun, Koa daean eamu ejnucuu si - juajio 6eute 3anpeno, neMavue 
npaeo mu da omeopuui meneeusop da znedam Cmnue, da znedaut Eyzapun, Eyza- 
pun, Cocpun. Tue e dudeuo ue cajuo 3a uajuu, myKy 3a ceeKou ajidaneu, u moii, mo 
6eme eo Tupan... " s4 

Ho BpeMe Ha pemiMa Ha EHBep Xo/pKa HHCJjpacTpyKTypara Ha Eano Etp/jo icaro 



48 <J>aTHMe Tpyj\a, 22.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

49 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. CTe6jieBO. 

50 BaMpaM By3HOB, p. 1931 r. b KneHte, o6p. ochobho, pa6oTHJi b KyjrrypHHfl ziom b Kne- 
Hte, aKop/;eoHHCT (cbhphji no CBaT6H); c. CTe6neBO, 17.06.2007 r., 3an. B. ToH^eBa. 

51 Eo>khh Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

52 Ohcbh^ho HacnoeHHaT b roziHHHTe CTpax ^Hec, cue;; /;eMOKpaTiraHHTe npoMeHH, M05Ke 
zia 6i>zie e/;HHCTBeHO o6eKT Ha iuern. IIpH pa3roBop c 6paTATa EcaT h HcMaiin Thhh ot c. 
CTe6neBO H. Thhh npe3 cmsx mh Ka3a jya. He CHHMaM: „... a 6pe uiymu, He ucmaeau (pomo- 
zpcupuu! fla He cu... da hu (ponu Hetco Genu!". (02.06.2008, Ore6neBo). 

53 npeziaBaHHfl 

54 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, Cre6jieBO. 

23 



rpamiqeH h MaprHHajiH3HpaH pernoH e noma - He ctmecTByBaT accjjajiTHpaHH hb- 
THiu,a, a ocHOBHaTa ntTHa apTepna, CBi>p3Bama cejiara ot Tojio Etpap, e nepeH 
hbt, npoKapaH ot HTajiiiaimHTe bt>b BpeMeTO Ha oicynaHHaTa Ha Aji6aHHa. IIpe3 
3HMaTa aoerbntT ao cejiara e chjiho 3arpyaHeH, aBaTa rpaHHHHH nyHKTa - Ejiaro 
h KacjjacaH ca KpafiHO Heynp6HH 3a OtJirapdcara o6ihhoct, tbh icaro He OTroBapaT 
Ha no3HaTHTe Ha HacejieHHeTO KpaTKH ntTHma, CBtp3BaiHH rn c aHenma P Ma- 
Ke/jOHHa. BtnpeKH TOBa o6ane, b nepHona Ha t. Hap „EHeepoeo epejwe" b Tojio 
Etpap HMa yHHJiHina (b nocTa ot cenaTa Te ca ap ocmh KJiac, a b TpeGnma, Tojie- 
mo OcTpeHH, KneHbe h CreGjieBO no npe/ni neMOKparHHHHTe npoMeHH ca raMHa- 

3HH), 60JIHHHH, KyjITypHH flOMOBe, KOOnepaTHBH. IIpHHHHm>T Ha KOOnepaTHBHO 
CTOnaHCTBO, n03HaT BT>B BCHHKH 6HBHIH COHHajIHCTHHeCKH CTpaHH, (jjyHKHHOHHpa 

h b Aji6aHHfl cnen, KOJieKTHBroaHHSTa npe3 1950 r. 3a 6tJirapHTe b Tojio Etpnp t. 
Hap. „Koonepamue" e CHCTeMara, qpe3 koato Te ca o6pa6oTBajiH 3eMaTa ch h ca 
rjie^ajiH >khbothh. IIo HH(j)opMaHHfl ot CTeGneBHeHH, He3aBHCHMO, ne xapaicrepH- 
3npaT pernoHa ch icaro „cupoMawKo, nnaHUHCKo Mecmo", Bee naic b tsxhoto ceno 
KoonepaTHBtT e 6hji chjich h b cpaBHeHHe c flpyrn pernoHH tsxhoto hkohomhhc- 
cko nojio>KeHHe naneH He e 6hjio Hafi-Jiorao: „Hau-UMauma. Kpaeume, Kpaeu cu 
MOJi3UMe 5S , My eejiujue (...), Kpu3a ne eudeno cenoeo name, na Eneepoeo, ajua UMam 
eo Ajidanun cejia, wo Jibed u wemp HeManu da ndem, cmoKama My codpa, Konpa- 
mueeme cnade, dee nam MdKapone e denom My naotcawe, KoiibKy mo nunem dee 
naKa MdKapone, mojibKy My naotcawe, mhozo mezna napodom... " 5f> KoonepaTHBtT 
ce pa3naaa npe3 1991 r. cnep, neMOKparHHHHTe npoMeHH b Aji6aHHa h 6tJirapHTe, 

^KHBeeiHH B TOJIO EtpflO, flHeC pa3BHBaT >KHBOTHOBT>aCTBO H 3CMefleJIHe KaKTO B 

nepHO/ja npe^H KOJieicTHBH3aHHaTa, 3a 3a Morar na OHenaBar. 

B nepnofla Ha neMOicpaHHaTa cnep, 1991 r. rpaHHHHTe ce „OTBopHxa", ho npo- 
6jieMHTe Ha rono&bpjmw KaTO aji6aHCKH rpa>KaaHH He ce pa3peniHxa, tt>h icaro 
ce noaBHxa hobh rpaHHHH - EC, CAIU,, 3ananHoeBponeHCKHTe ntp^KaBH, KaKTO 
h hobh orpaHHHeHHa 3a ntTyBaHe (Phctcckh 2006a: 33). KaKTO JI. Phctcckh ot- 
6ejia3Ba, /jHec, bt>b BpeMeTO Ha neMOicpaHHflTa, h b Aji6aHHa, h b Maice/jOHna Ha 
Ta3H TepHTopna ce cnyHBar cxo/jhh o6mecTBeHH, hkohomhhcckh h neMorpac})CKH 
npoMeHH. Cnopefl Hero ce 3a6ejra3Ba CHima TeHneHHHa Ha nenonynaHHa, oco6e- 
ho npn xpncTHaHCKOTO HaceneHHe (Phctcckh 2006a: 33). JJajiH TOBa e Taica, e 
Btnpoc Ha fleMorpacjjCKH aHajiH3. IIo-Ba>KHOTO e, ne MaprHHajiH3HpaHeTO Ha pe- 
rnoHa npontJDKaBa. C o6e3JHOflflBaHeTO Ha hcjih cena (Hanp. THHeBeH, BopMHHa) 
KOMyHHKaHHHTe ca ome no-3arpyaHeHH, b noone/nrHTe ro^KHH ca pcgyHHpaHH h 
o6mecTBeHHTe CTpyKTypn - 6ojihhhh, ynHJiHina h ^p. Bcbihhoct, mccthhtc xopa 



56 HcManji Thhh, 02.06.2008, Cre6jieBO. 

24 



CBii/jeTejiCTBaT 3a MHrpaHHOHHH npoijecH kt>m rpa/jOBeTe om,e bt>b BpeMeTO Ha pe- 
acHMa Ha EHBep Xofl^Ka npe3 50-Te h 60-Te ro^HHH Ha 20 b., ho fleficTBHTejiHO 
HBJieHHeTO CTaBa MacoBO CJie^ 1991 r. 

Cejiara, b kohto 6erae npoBe,reHO npoyHBaHeTO - CreOjieBO, KneHbe h BopMH- 
ua, ca 3HaHHTejiHO o6e3Jiio/ieHH hmchho nopa/jH MHrpaHHa. 3a CreGjieBO, ceno, 
KoeTO ce HaMHpa b Tojio Btp^o „ co ujindmime zodunu ", h kocto cnope/i MecTHHTe 
)KHTejiH HMano HaKora 500 kmhh, ce tbt>p/jh: „ Ceza mdezan ceume. Ceza ima mec- 
momuHU-cedeMcmomuHu KyKu e Tupan. Hdejue neme Hue cmapu nwde u cu dezaMe 
3UMe." 51 IIoflo6Ha e cnryaHHaTa b KneHbe: ot okojio 100-120 Ktmii b 6jih3koto 
MHHano, flHec Te ca e^Ba 22-23, ot kohto „nemupu Kyxu ca tuo udem om Tupana 
u cedent myna (...) M 6ezam, na 3ima, cnezou..."^ A c. BopMHHa jxhqc HMa e/niH- 
e/jHHCTBeH nocToaHeH ikwyqji - xpHCTHaHHHtT Cnnpo Mapicy. TpaflOBeTe, b kohto 
ca KOHHenrpHpaHH rojio6-bp/iHH, ca TnpaHa, J\ypi>c (TJpaq), Eji6acaH, Onep h pp. 
K. OeTaxy cnoMeHaBa, ie b aji6aHCKara CTOJiHHa ce (j)opMHpar o6ihhhh c BHCOKa 
KOHHeHTpaHHa Ha >khtcjih 59 ot Tojio Btp^o, KaTO HanpHMep „Kodpa e npucpmum " 
c okojio 70-80%, ,,/Jozana" c 35-40%, „Ajiu /Jejuu", „Ajiumc", „KuHocmyduo" h 
pp. (OeTaxy 2006a: 19). 3Khboti>t Ha 6i>JirapHTe ot Tojio Btp^o b rpapoBQje, h 
oco6eHO b CTOJiHHara, npaKTHiecKH HJHOCTpnpa c/jhhctboto Ha o6iHHOCTra - Te 
HacejiflBaT hoik KBapTajiH, nopp^pyKaj Bpi>3KH noMOK/jy ch h Ta3H o6iHHOCTHa 

KOJieKTHBHOCT Ce H3pa3flBa Ha pa3JIHHHH HHBa: OT (jjyHKHHOHHpaHe Ha ctxpaHeHH 

ejieMeHTH ot Tpa/jHHHOHHara o6pe/niocT b rpa/jCKH ycjiOBHa (HanpHMep, npaBeHe- 
to Ha CBaT6eHa noraia b ci>6oTa Beiep), po o6e/niHaBaHeTO okojio opraHH3aHHH 
c pa3JiHiHa H/jenHa HacoieHOCT h lopH/niiecKH CTaryx H3CJieflBaHeTO Ha 6i>Jirap- 
CKaTa o6ihhoct ot Tojio Btp^o b rpa/jCKH ycjiOBHa o6aqe npeacTaBJiaBa OT^ejieH 
npo6jieM h H3HCKBa cneHHajiHH npoyiBaHHa. 

2. PeJiarHH 

PejinrHHTe, kohto H3noBaflBaT rojio6i>pjjHH, ca xphcthshctbo h HCJiaM, KaTO 
no-rojiHM npoHeHT ca MiocioJiMaHHTe 60 . Cnope/i hjikoh H3CJieflOBarejiH, npoHecbT 
Ha HCJiflMH3aHHa 3anoHBa pocja KbCHO. H. JlHMaHOCKH /jaBa CBepenwe, ne npe3 
1519 r. bt>b bchhkh cejia Ha Tojio Btp^o (hjih ,H,ojiro Btp^o) ^khbcat caMO xpnc- 



57 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. CTe6jieBO 

58 TeoprH IIjiayiuKO, p. 1940 r. b c. KneHte, o6p. 4 kji., MaMcTop, pa6oTHJi bi>b (J>a6pHKa, He 
e HanycKaji KneHte; c. Kjiem>e, 05.06.2008, 3an. B. ToH^eBa. 

59 ABToptT th HapH^a MaKeziOHiiH. 

60 B to3h TeKCT e H36paHO Ha30BaBaHeTO „6i>JirapH MiocioJiMaHH", a He „6i>JirapH Moxaivie- 
JiaHH", Tbfi KaTO „MOxaMejiaHHH" He e no3HaTO Ha3BaHHe b Tojio Etp^o. B to3h cmhci>ji 
CTpeMeactT e kt>m no-rojiaMa 6jih30Ct c ynoTpe6aBaHaTa ot caMHre rojio6i>pjmH TepMH- 
HOJiorna. 

25 



THaHCKH ceMeficTBa. Ton cnnra, ne CMflHara Ha pejinraaTa ce cnyHBa bt>b BTopaTa 
nojiOBHHa Ha 18 b. h flopn no-KtCHO (JlHMaHOCKH 1993: 258, b)k. TypcKH flOKy- 
MeHTH 1976: 363-388). JXpyr aBTop, Ct. CTaMaTOB, nocoHBa KomcpeTHa npnHHHa 
3a npneMaHeTO Ha nonaMa - HajiaraHeTO npe3 1832 r. (t.c 19 b.) Ha bochch /janbK 
„6ep,en" caMO 3a xpncTHaHHTe, „noHe>Ke HaMa p,a OTHBaT bohhhiih. (...) Toa aanbK 
H3njiauiHJi xpiiCTiiaHHTe h 3aTOBa Te noHHajin #a ce noTypHBar" (CTaMaTOB 1938: 
23). ABToptT TBtp^H, ne 3a xpHCTiiaHCKOTO HaceneHHe to3h p,wbK ce oica3Ba mho- 
ro Te^KtK, flopn HenocHJieH, h TOBa CTaBa npnHHHa 3a npneMaHeTO Ha nonaMa. 
3Hae ce, ne no TOBa BpeMe, HanpHMep, ijajiOTO ce.no JleniHHHaHn, Tojio Etpao, 
a b flpyrn cena OTjjejiHH ceMeficTBa, CTaBaT MiocioJiMaHH. 3anoHBar h aKTHBHH 
MHrpaiiHH klm rp. JJ,e&bp h flpyrn Hac&neHH MecTa ot /jHeumaTa P MaKe/jOHHa 61 
(CTaMaTOB 1938: 23). TojiaM 6pofi ceMeficTBa ce yeraHOBaBaT om,e no Ha h3tok h 
ioroH3TOK, b cbBpeMeHHHTe TepnTopnn Ha BtJirapna h PtpHHa. H. JlHMaHOCKH cb- 
o6maBa, ne npnejra HCJiaMa po/jOBe ot cejiara Ha Tojio Etp/jo ca HaconeHH He caMO 
b cejiara Ha Crpy^KKH ^phmkoji - >I6jiaHHHa, JIa6yHHina, BopoBen, Okthch h Hop,- 
ropnn, ho h no-flajiene, b CojryH. Po/jOBeTe, npeconeHH b J\e(ybp, Bene HantJiHO ca 
an6aHH3HpaHH, ho na3aT 3HaHna 3a nocejiHiHinia ch npowsxop, npe3 (jjaMHJiHHTe 
en HMeHa - OcTpeHH, KneHa, Tpe6nma, Top6anH, CepneTOBa h pp. (JlHMaHOCKH 
1993: 260). CtmnaT aBTop nocoHBa KaTO npniviep cjiynaa Ha MnjiaH BauiocKH, 
p. 1924 b c. fl,P eH0K ; >KHBeem b CKonne - toh pa3Ka3Ba, ne HeroBnre npa/je/iH ca 
HanycHajin THHeeH (b flHenmara aji6aHCKa nacT Ha Tojio Etp/jo) n ca ce 3acejrajin 
b ^peHOK (b flHenmara MaKe/jOHCKa nacT Ha Tojio Btp^o), 3a 3a H36erHaT ncjiaMH- 
3anna. Bnocjie^CTBHe tcxhh 6jih3kh h pcthhhh ot THHeen, Bene npnejin HOBara 
Bapa, hm HflBajin Ha tocth 3a xpncTHaHCKH npa3HHHH KaTO CnacoB/jeH, BonHK/jeH 
h pp. (JlHMaHOCKH 1992: 29). 

IipoMaHara Ha pennrnaTa ot xpncTnaHCKa npaBOCJiaBHa b ncjiaM b kojickthb- 
hoto cb3HaHne ce CHrHH(})HHHpa KaTO CMaHa Ha eTHHnecKara H/jeHTHHHOCT: hc- 
jiaMCKOTO ce Bt3npHeMa Karo Tb>K/iecTBeHO Ha TypcKOTo: „Bo epeMe mypcKo ce 
nomypnuH. M denec u denec um e uMunnma - mypmin. " 62 Tpa6Ba o6ane 3a ce 
no^HepTae, ne Ha30BaBaHeTO Ha MiocKMMaHHTe KaTO „Typnn", a Ha xpncTnaHHTe 
KaTO „KaypH", e xapaKrepHO e/niHCTBeHO 3a BvrpeniHO-o6mHOCTHaTa KOMyHmca- 
nna Ha GtJirapnTe ot an6aHCKaTa nacT Ha Tojio Etpao. He ce ynoTpe6aBa (caMo) 
Ha3BaHneTO „noManH", no3HaTO b BtJirapna ntpBOHaHanHO Karo HMe Ha jiOBeui- 
KHTe 6tJirapn MiocioJiMaHH, a no-KT>CHO npHKpeneHO HMHTaTHBHO kt>m 6tJirapHTe, 
H3noBaflBamH HCJiaM, b PoflonHTe ot Ctoio IIIhuikob h Bacnji ^.enoB b Kpaa Ha 19 
- HananoTO Ha 20 b. rojioGtpflCKHTe GtJirapn MiocioJiMaHH He ce (caMo)Ha30BaBar 



61 IIpe3 1889 r. Ct. BepKOBira OT6ena3Ba, ne npe3 70-80-Te toahhh Ha XIX b. cenaTa Bh- 
4iqa h TojieHma ca „6i>Jirapo-xpHCTHflHCKH" (BepKOBira 1889: 323-324). 

62 Bo>khh <t>HJii,OKH, 01.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

26 



h „Top6eiiiH" - TepMHH, ynoTpe6flBaH b P MaiceflOHHfl 3a Tax, Kaicro h 3a tcxhh- 
Te Cb6parfl ot ronoG'tpflCKHTe cena Ha h3tok ot flHeumaTa aji6aHCKO-MaiceflOHCKa 
rpaHHija. Om,e npe3 1916 r., KaTO ynacTHHK b HayHHaTa eiccneflHHHa b MaiceflOHHa 
h IIoMopaBHeTO Jl,. Tafl^KaHOB ycTaHOBHBa, ne „He bchhkh noTypneHH 6tJirapH ce 
Hapiiqar „noMaHH". HancTHHa b erapa BtJirapna, PoflonHre h CTpyMHiuKO Hapii- 
naT rn noMaijH, ho b CiconcKO Te hocat flpyro HMe: Ka3BaT ce „Top6eniH". B UJap 
njiaHHHa Te ca „6tJirapo-MOxaMeflaHH", a b KaBaflapcico hhto GtJirapHTe, hhto 
MOxaMe^aHHTe 3HaaT hmcto „noMaK". TaM Te ce HapHHar „TypHH". B Khhcbcko h 
fleGtpcKO rn HapnqaT „TypHH"..." (TajiyKaHOB 1993: 268). 

3HaHneTO 3a o6ihoto ocMaHCKO MHHajio Ha pernoHa He npoTHBopenH Ha 3HaHH- 
eTO 3a npeflOCMaHCKara npHHafljie>KHOCT kt>m xpHCTHaHCKara pejinrna: ,,/Jy dea- 
naucema zoduna e dudena TypKiix oede, nemcmomuHU zodunu.. .(...) M eo Eyzapun 
e 6udeno, ceeEepona mypcKo, cee EanKana, ocjuanu. (...) Ceemo ceno, ceux napod 
e duden opmodoKc, ne oede, eo cee Ajidanun... ", a o6ihoto Meatfly npaBOCJiaBHH 
xpncTHSHH h pHMOKarojiHHH ce onHCBa oco6eHO cnojiyHJiHBo: „Hmci KamOJIUK, 
zope ua ceeepna, na LllKodpa 63 , maMO ca 6ujiu KamoiiuK... (...) KamojiuK u opmo- 
doKc ce om edna eepa - deneuu, koko cuh u mantKo. " M 

B onpeflejieH momcht ot HCTopHjrra Ha pernoHa Meayry xphcthjihckoto h mk>- 
CKMMaHCKOTO HaceneHHe b Tojio Etpflo ce nopa^Kflar HanpoKeHHa. B. IObhhob 
nniue: „Taa MyxaMeflaHO-GturapcKa HBHHa e 3ana3HJia xpncTHaHCKHre 6tJirapcKH 
cena no flOJiHHara Ha HepHH fl,P HM ; o6ane HanocjiefltK caMHTe Top6eniH mhoto 
npHTecHaBajiH cbohtc eflHOKptBHH xpncTHaHCKH ctceflH h rn npHHyacflaBaT fla 
ce H3cejiaT" (Rbhhob 1900: 45). B flonncKa bt>b b. ^eGtpcKH raac" ot 12 anpnji 
1909 r. ce cnoMeHaBaT HacnjiHSTa Ha aji6aHHH 65 , ho h Ha GtJirapn MiocioJiMaHH 
Hafl xpncTHAHCKOTO Hac&neHHe ot cejiara b ^eGtpcKO. Cto6maBa ce, ne cejiara 
Mano h TojieMO OcTpeHH „ca 3aB3eTH ot noMaHHTe (noTypneHH OtJirapn), b ths 
cejia Bene h 6tJirapHH xphcthhhhh He ocraHaji, ocbch flBe icbihh ot nocjieflHOTo" 
(H3Bopn 2002: 95). ,H, Hec B hakoh ot rojioGtpflCKHTe cena b Aji6aHHa Bee ome HMa 

63 LLlKOflpa (Ha an6. Shkoder huh Shkodra) e rpafl b CeBepo3anaflHa An6aHHa, pa3nojio>KeH 
Ha H3TOHHHa 6par Ha IllKOflpeHCKOTO e3epo. HaceneH e c an6aHUH KaTOJiHUH h e CBoeo6- 
pa3eH ueHTbp Ha KaTOJiHHH3Ma 3a nana An6aHHa. 

64 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. Cre6jieBO. 

65 B cbmaTa flonncKa qeTeM: „MHoro flpyrn cena Taica ca 6hjih 3aB3eTH ot apHayraTe h 
6i>JirapHTe ca H36>irajiH, KaTO ocTaBHJiH ki>ihh h HeflBH>KHM hmot h ce npeceiiHJiH koh b 
,H,e6i>p, koh b zipyrn rpaziOBe H3 MaKeflOHHa, koh b Hyac6HHa, h TOBa CTaHano HeoTKone - 
OTnpeflH 20-30 roflHHH, cnefl OcBo6oacfleHHeTO Ha EtnrapHa. TaKa ca 3aB3e™ cenaTa: Bh- 
qnuia, ronenma, IlacHHKH, Pafloema, Mano h TojieMO OcTpeHH (rono Etpao). BHHHiu,a e 
6hjio hhcto 6i>JirapcKO ceno ot 50 ki>ihh. Cera ijajiOTO ceno e 3aB3eTO ot MycTaiJia fl>KeKa 
ot c. ropnua (ManecHa), 6paT Ha A3hc flaceKa. (...) BenemaHH ca ce H3cejiHJiH b J],e6i>p h 
b-bb Bhahh" (H3Bopn 2002: 95). 

27 



cnoMeH 3a xpHcraaHHTe h thxhoto rocejiBaHe: „... UMa Kpucmunnu u eo Tpeduuja 
e umciho, ca usdezanu, mue Kpucmunnume usdezanu, Mecmomo zo euKam rtopzuu- 
ne, tuna MapKo KyKu, nuenuK, maM 6ea enu Cmonn ce euKa, enu Eopuc, dejueK Kpuc- 
muHHume majuo mana ce euKam, uMame edun AneKco zo euKae, mye Kpucmunniju 
u mye ujuam UMano cejia, eo Tpeduiua, ceza neMam ocmanamo, cu ca noudenu..." 66 
IIa3flT ce cnoMeHH, ne b c. CreOjieBO MtocKMMaHirre ca 3anoHHajiH /ja o6pa6oTBar 
3eMHTe Ha H36arajiH xphcthshh - „deKa myena neMam nu deija ocmanamu. A 
UMemo om 3eMume nuenu u e. Ce suae, Co UMe ca cu 6ujiu. (...) ... eeneeMe Hue, 
Koaa odeeMe da padomaMe no nuenume, na KaypcKume, nueu ca mea - xaypcKu, 
om oede... " 61 B pa3Ka3irre Ha rono&bpp.u.w ce cbfltpaca CBe/jeHHa h 3a roHeHH>rra, 
Ha kohto xpncTHaHHTe ca 6hjih noflJio>KeHH: „ ... h kojiko ujo zo umom nonyeno, ue 
dudeno eaKeo, Kaypu ce dudenu eo ceno Ceduuja, Ceduuja UMam cmanamo, uMam 
u3mepano 6g u 6une 6wie usmepano usmepano coMKocm... cmanoeume ce Mecmea, 
ne CMe oedeuiHU, kou snaum KaKeo.(...) Koza cmanane mue om ceno, ceno eopeu 
om Ceduuja, noMunanu useopume, noMunanu meotcKo, douinu eo Eopoeo, ne... ne 
My omeopuna epama, ne caKanu da cedem mye. Cmedneeo zu nponoeuno, zu npu- 
eno, u ca 3a6ouanu mye, ca cedenu, eo Manana nopea, m>peama Maana - ce euKam 
CocKa Maana, Kau Cadpuan 69 , mye, ce dudenu caMO dee KyKu Kaypu (...), dpyzume 
- mpu-nemupu-nem KyKu ca dudenu e dpyza Maana, ce euKam Jlecua, ujo ce euKam, 
cmpedna Maana... " 70 

3a HajiHHHeTO Ha xphcthshcko Hac&neHHe b H3aneflBaHHa pernoH HMa pa3JiHH- 
hh CBH/jeTejiCTBa - b KOH^HKa Ha MaHaerHpa „Cb. HoBaH EnropcKH" 71 , b npenncn 
ot 1863 r. ce cnc-MeHaBar hokjiohhhhh ot cejiara CreGjieBO, ,H,peHOK, OTHiuaHH, 
^acennma h /jpyrn, b kohto h jxrqc acHBeaT xphcthshh (®HJTHnoBHn 1940: 19). H. 
HBaHOB ct>iho ce no30BaBa Ha floicyMeHTH ot noconeHHa MaHacTHp h ny6jiHKyBa 
HMeHa Ha cejra, „Haicora GturapoxpncTHaHCKH, a cera MOxaMeaaHCKH, c MaTepeH 
e3HK 6tJirapcKH hjih aji6aHCKH, b noKpaHHaTa Tojio Etp/jo (Aji6aHHa) - Eopoeo 
(cera noMaHH, xe. MOxaMeaaHH c 6"bJirapcKH e3HK), ToneMO Ocmpenu (noMaHH, c 
2 kt>ihh xpncTHAHH), Tynenu (noMaHH, c 5 icbihh xphcthhhckh), Omumane (noMa- 



66 Cimpo MapKy, 05.06.2008, c. BopMHua. 

67 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

68 H3roHeHH 

69 HMa npe/iBHzi Ca6pn Mypara, KMeT Ha c. CTe6neBO, kohto acHBee b noconeHaTa Maxa- 
na. 

70 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, TnpaHa. 

71 MaHacTHpi>T „Cb. HoaH Kp-bCTHTen", H3BecTeH KaTO EnropcKH (nopaziH MaTepnana, ot 
kohto ca CKanHTe b perHOHa h ot kohto e HanpaBeH MaHacTHptT - KaMi>Ka „6Hrop"), ce 
HaMHpa MOKfly TocTHBap h JJ,e6i>p, jxr. P. MaKeziOHiia. OcHOBaBaHeTO My ce ^arapa npe3 
1020 r. 

28 



hh, 2 kbhih xpncTHaHCKH), Tp-hnnanume (noMaHH), C'bpnemoeo (noMaiiH, kohto 
roBopflT noBene anGaHCKH), 3a6opbe (noMaijH, npean 30 roaHHH xpncTHaHHre ce 
H3cejiHJiH b ConyH) h np." (HBaHOB 1925: 45). OnHCBaincH 6poa Ha HacejieHirre 
MecTa h KtmHTe cne/i ycTaHOBaBaHe Ha rpaHHHaTa npe3 1912-1913 r., Cb. Ejiflt- 
poB yKa3Ba, ne Te3H cena b pejnirH03HO OTHOiueHHe ce HHCJiaT kbm niiOHe3a Ha 
/JeGtpcKara MHTponojina Ha BtJirapcKaTa eK3apxna, kohto OTaaBHa noflfltpaca b 
Tax 6tJirapcKH hbpkbh h yHHJiHraa (Eji/tbpob 2000: 9-10). 

Cnopefl aaHHH OT pa3JIHHHH rOflHHH, MIOCIOJIMaHHTe npeB1>3XO)K3aT HHCJieHO 

xpncTHaHHTe b perHOHa - HH(j)opMaHHa ot 1912 r., HHTHpaHa ot H. JlHMaHOCKH, 
cohh, ne no TOBa BpeMe b 16 Hac&neHH MecTa b Eojio Btp^o ^khbcat 8400 mk>- 
CK)JiMaHH h 1700 xpncTHSHH (JlHMaHOCKH 1993: 260); cnopefl panopTa Ha Cp. 
IIonneTpoB ot 1930 r., b Eojio Btp^o ^khbcat 15000 Gturapn MOxaMeaaHH h caMO 
1500 npaBOCJiaBHH Gturapn b 5 cena (Ejin>poB 2000: 235); b Mamo no-KBCHaTa 
o6ma CTaTHCTHKa Ha xpHcraaHCKOTO 6tJirapcKO HacejieHHe b Eojio E-Bpap h Ilojie 
(Aji6aHHa - ^eGtpcKo), CBCTaBeHa ot nparoMaHa Ha jieraHHaTa A. IleHeB, kbm 
1932 r. xpncTHaHCKHTe cena ca: B-bpMuua (38 kbihh, 191 JKHTenn), Tpeduma (6 
kbihh, 40 >khtcjih), Tynenu (1 KBnia, 3 >khtcjih), TlacuHKu (12 kbihh, 63 otitcjih), 
Majio-Ocmpenu (14 kbihh, 69 >khtcjih), runeeeu (21 kbihh, 98 ^khtcjih), Kjieniie 
(29 kbihh, 112 ^kht&jih), Cmedjieeo (9 kbihh, 38 ^kht&jih), K^pnuma (22 kbihh, 
112 ^khtcjih), hpdejie (15 k'bihh, 70 >khtcjih) (Eji/tbpob 2000: 277). 

Tpa6Ba aa ce otG&jiokh, ne ochobch o6eKT Ha noKJianiTre Ha Cp. IIonneTpoB, 
KaKTO h Ha flpyrn 3aBe>KaaHi,H G^JirapcKara jieraHHa b Aji6aHHa, e hmchho noa- 
jXbpxsaiQTO Ha 6T>JirapcKHTe npaBOCJiaBHH ht>pkbh b pernoHa, KaKTO h onHTHTe 3a 
nocTHraHe Ha o6yneHHe Ha MafiHHHHa 6"BJirapcKH e3HK. B CTarHCTHHecKHre aaHHH 
Ha JJJ. Hjihcb ot 1929 r. 3a G^JirapcKOTO HacejieHHe b Eojio E-Bpap h Ilojie ca no- 
cohchh CBemeHHHHTe, neficTBajiH b npaBOCJiaBHHTe xpaMOBe b 6"BJirapcKHre cena 
b pernoHa. 3a Eojio E-Bpap - b Cmedneeo (xpaM Cb. HnKOJia), Kneme (xpaM Cb. 
IleTKa), TuHeeu (xpaM Cb. HnKOJia) h Tpeduma (xpaM Cb. Hmcojia) cjiyacn non 
Mhjichko 72 , b'bb B-bpMuua (xpaM Cb. reoprn), Majiecmpene (xpaM Cb. reoprn), 
Foji. Ocmpene (xpaM Cb. reoprn) h Tynene (xpaM Cb. reoprn) cjry>KH CBemeHHKBT 
T. IT. Apco ot .ZJeG'Bp, b IJacunKu (xpaM Cb. HoaH) n Ceduma (xpaM cb. IleTKa) - 
CBemeHHKBT HoBe Xphctob (Eji/tbpob 2000: 184). KaKTO h kbm 30-Te roaHHH Ha 
20 b., TaKa h no-KBCHO, bt>b BpeMeTO Ha pe>KHMa Ha EHBep Xop,ma enHH CBemeHHK 
oGcjiyacBa HaKOJiKO cena: „ om Kneme udeme nonom eo Cmedneeo, non cmedjiee- 
cku neMaeMe Hue, non Todop udeme.. " 13 B pa3Ka3Hre Ha rojio6'BpaflH npencTa- 

72 lion MnneHKO h /niec npHCtCTBa b pa3Ka3HTe Ha 6i>JirapHTe ot Tojio Etp^o - aa^o e no 
MaiiHHHa jihhhh Ha Eomchh <J>hjh>okh ot c. KneHte. 

73 Ca/ieTe nnpyiuH, p. 1954 r. b CTe6neBO, o6p. nonyBHCiue, MeanuHHCica cecTpa, ot 1977 
r. 5KHB«jia b En6acaH, ot 1997 r. e b TnpaHa; rp. Co<J>h>i, 10.06.2008, 3an. B. ToHieBa. 

29 



Bara 3a xpncTnaHCTBOTO n HanaMa n TaxHara nocneflOBaTejmocT bt>b BpeMeTO ce 
onpe/jMeTaBa npe3 xpaMOBeTe Ha ppeTe pejinrnn: „ Cecpme umcijio u-bpKea, nocne 
UMano dotcaMun, umcijio dee eepu - opmodoKc pucmnnu u mwcjiumcihu, " 14 B cejiara 
etc CMeceHO HaccneHne (koto CreGjieBO h KneHbe) b HeMajrbK nepwop, ntpKBara h 
fl^KaMHflTa ca (jjyHKnHOHHpajin eflHOBpeMeHHO. 

OTKpirrara pejiHrno3Ha ^enHOCT Ha xpncTHaHCKHTe h MiocKmMaHCKHTe hh- 
CTHTyijHH, KaKTO h pejiHrH03HHTe npaKTHKH, npofltJKKaBaT 30 1967 r. Ot ToraBa 
flaTHpa ocjjHHHajiHara atp^KaBHa 3a6paHa Ha pejinrHHTe b P Aji6aHna. „BepcKHaT 
)khbot yracBa npe3 1967 r., KoraTO bchhkh h^pkbh h p,maMim ca 3arBopeHH. 3a- 
Btp3BaT MHHapeTaTa h th ctGapaT" (JlHMaHOCKH 1992: 32). PejinrH03HHre xpaMO- 
Be - h HtpKBH, h /pKaMHH, ce pa3pyraaBaT no oco6eHO arpecHBeH HannH, npeBpt- 
mar ce b oOnrajiHina 3a aoManmH ^khbothh: „ Cnyiuau tuo nanpau Eneep Odoica, 
eo i{-bpK6ume (ponu Kose u eonoeu, u ceda, ujo ceda em epeivie u nadnaa. M mam 
ocmcma. " 15 H TaicaBa e flencTBHrejiHO CHTyannaTa flHec, rojiaMa nacT ot xpaMO- 
BeTe ca pa3pyiueHH - b c. CtcGjicbo ot HtpKBara ca ocTaHann caMO ochobhtc, 
/picaMHaTa ebino ce pa3na/ja; b c. BopMHHa ntpKBara e b oicaaHO ctCToaHHe h t.h. 

3a6paHaTa Ha pejiHrnnre ce H3pa3aBa h b HarHCK Btpxy (jjyHKHHOHnpaHeTO Ha 
pejinrH03HHTe npaKTHKH, pecn. Btpxy (jjyHKHHOHnpaHeTO Ha npa3HHHHna KaneH- 
flap. Ho 3a TOBa me CTaHe ayMa npn pa3me>K/iaHe Ha Tpa/nmnoHHara o6pe/jHOCT. 
TyK BHHMaHHeTO ine 6tfle HaconeHO kbm e/jHO flpyro HHTepecHO Ha6jnofleHne - 
CBoeo6pa3HOTO npHMnpaBaHe Ha pejiHrnnre. Ot e/jHa CTpaHa, to 6h Morao j\& ce 
HHTepnpeTnpa KaTO pe3yjrrar ot Hajio^KeHara 3a6paHa - /jeHOHcnpaHeTO Ha pe- 
jinrHHTe KaTO HfleojiornnecKH HHCTpyMeHT 3a cnnoTaBaHe Ha aji6aHCKara HanHa. 
Ot flpyra CTpaHa, aKO ce BonyinaMe b raaca Ha caMnre rojioGtpflHn, to CHTya- 
nnaTa MO>Ke p,a He ce TtJiKyBa KaTO npaKa noone/nina ot npn3HBa Ha E. Xofl^ca 
„PejrarnaTa bh e aji6aHen!", a no-CKopo Karo ane/jCTBHe ot HCTopHiecKara ci>a6a 
Ha MecTHOTO GtJirapcKO HacejieHne - cbrarrejiCTBaHe 3ae/jHO n MHCJieHe 3a 06m- 
HOCTTa KaTO HajiocT: „Padocm, adocm, ndenbe, nuenbe, ceaddu, pooKcmvia, yjuu- 
pcmKci — cee 3aedno... Pa3JinnHa pejinrna He npenn? HiiKozaw Ha een Mue ne CMe 
npaeenu earn da ce Kapajue. Tu opmodoKc - n MwcnuMaH (...) Ceume cmed/ieecKu 
cu eopenm Kai<o 6pamn u cecmpu - pucmnnu u MwcjiuManu. " 76 ^],OKa3aTejiCTBO 
3a TOBa e h cbbmccthoto npa3HyBaHe Ha npa3Hnini: „3a MJibozy zodun BenuKden 
Kaii pucmuHHuee, 3a MJibozy zodun EaiipaM mail MtocJiUMUHume. Ceume 3aeduo. " 11 
Mhphoto ctOTHacaHe Ha pejinrHHTe ce CBtp3Ba c npe^CTaBH y HaKOH ot no-Bt3- 
pacTHHTe rojioGtpflHH, cnopefl kohto Bor e e^HH, bchhkh CMe Cb3p,ap,eim e^HaKBH, 

74 EcaT Thhh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

75 Bo>khh Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

76 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. Cre6jieBO. 

77 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. Ore6jieBO. 

30 



a pejinrHHTe ca „h3mhcjichh", 3a p,a npoTHBonocTaBaT xopaTa: „H odaM e doica- 
mum, dpyzuom odu na mem, u ceKou km pene - rocnoda, 3a rocnoda, mu km ouut 
e ifbpKoe u km Kpeneui paueme -3a rocnoda... doMe3an ls edno cjue" 19 hjih „da ce 
KpuoeuMin deouua nwdu - edno otceucKo u edno MaotcKo, 3aujo mnezoe m unaKoe, 
mu - unaKoe? Hue edno CMe. Hmu Kaujo cupodena, MauKa mu Kaujo mepoduna - 
mam cu, noeeK mu - uoeeKM, 3aujo mupucmnn, m... 3a da ce daeujue, da ce KapaMe 
edun c dpyauo, da ce apaduMe, da ce 6ueMe... Hjuam mhozo d-bpotcaeu, ujo npaum 
jiw(pma, euoK ujo ce npaum eo... ApaduM... " 80 

Bt3MO)KHa e h ome e/nia HHTepnpeTaiiHa - 6e3npo6jieMHOTO cbmrrejiCTBO Ha 
flBeTe pejiiiriiH #a e CBoeo6pa3HO OTpa^Kemie Ha MO/jejia Ha pejiHrno3Ha TOJiepaHT- 
hoct, BajiH/jeH 3a uajia Aji6aHHa - pejinrHHTe, H3noBaflBaHH b AjiGamia, ca hcjiam, 

npaBOCJiaBHO XpHCTHSHCTBO H pHMOKaTOJIHHH3I>M. IIpH MajIKH H OTHOCHT&JIHO 3a- 

TBopeHH o6ihhocth, KaKBaTO e 6tJirapcKaTa o6ihhoct b Eojio Etp/jo, o6hkhobcho 
pejiHrH03HHTe HanpoiceHHfl ca npoBOioipaHH „otbi>h", Te no-paflKO ce nopa^Kflar 
b paMKHTe Ha o6iHHOCTTa. B to3h cmhcbji e bi>3mcokho #a ce flonycHe, ne TaKOBa 
BJinaHHe ot aji6aHCKa CTpaHa He e HMajio h pe3yjiTaTBT e mhphoto Cb-Cbmeciy- 
BaBaHe Ha /HieTe pejinrHH. H Bee naK, cpe/i rojioGtpflHH ce cpema h no3HHH5rra, 
ne pejiHrH03HOTO npHMHpaBaHe e pe3ynTaT tbkmo ot nanHTHicaTa Ha E. Xo/jaca, a 
OTHOiueHHeTO, KoeTO ce H3pa3flBa ki>m OHe3H BpeMeHa, e no-CKopo c nojio>KHTejieH 
3HaK: „To 6euie ydaeo, ujo najuu hu nanpau mou (E. Xo/jaca, 6. m.) edno. Hjuycjiu- 
juanu, u KpucmMHU eeneuie - da neMam da ce Kapaem nwduee, da ce camem, moa 
6euie ydaea padoma... " 81 J\nec, ot /niCTamiHaTa Ha BpeMeTO (noBene 40 ro/jHHH 
CJiefl 3a6paHaTa Ha pejinrHHTe h noHTH 20 ro/nimi cnep, /jeMOicpaTHHHHTe npoMeHH 
b Aji6aHHa) Tpy^HO MO>Ke 3a ce roBopn KaTeropHHHO hjih o6o6iHeHO 3a xapaicrepa 
hjih CTeneHTa Ha pejinrH03HOCT Ha GtJirapHTe ot Eojio Etp/jo. Ome noBene, ne 
noKOJieHHaTa cnefl 1967 r. ca c areHCTHHHO Bi>3nHTaHHe. Oaicr e, ne b hskoh ot 
cejiHmaTa nopa/jH o6e3JnoflaBaHe xpaMOBeTe ca 3anycHaTH, H30CTaBeHH hjih pa3- 
pyiueHH, ho e (jjaicr h ne b flpyrn cejinma cnep, 1991 r. ce Bi>3CTaHOBaBaT xpaMOBe 
hjih ce CTpoflT hobh - HanpHMep, b c. KjieHbe c (|)HHaHCOBa noMom ot Et>phhh Ha 
MacTOTO Ha CTapara HtpKBa „Cb. IleTKa" e HanpaBeHa HOBa (b MOMeHTa b cejiOTO 
)KHBeaT caMO flBaivia xphcthshh), Bi>3CTaHOBeHa e HtpKBara „Cb. HnKOJia" b c. 
EnHeBeH (cejiOTO e HantJiHO o6e3Jiio/ieHo), b c. TpeOnma h c. EojieMO OcTpeHH ca 
e nocTpoeHH hobh fl^KaMHH h pp. 



79 3eHeji Tajx>Ka, p. 1931 r. b c. Ore6jieBO, o6p.4 kji., pa6oTHJi KaTO arpoHOM, ot 1955 r. 
acHBee b TnpaHa; c. Ore6jieBO, 02.06.2008, 3an. B. ToHHeBa, A. 5KanoB. 

80 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. Cre6jieBO. 

81 Cnnpo MapKy, 05.06.2008, c. BopMHua. 

31 



III. TPAflHIJHOHHA OEPEflHOCT 

Ta3H nacT Ha TeKCTa e no CBoaTa cbihhoct flecKpmiTHBHa, ho H36opT>T Ha to3h 
noflxofl ce apryMeHTHpa c HaMepeHHero p,a ce npe/jCTaBH, MaKap h He oco6eHO 
fleTanjiHO, ho b OTHOCHTejiHa HajiocT, TpaflHHHOHHaTa KajieH^apHa h ceMefiHa 06- 
peflHOCT Ha 6tJirapHTe b Tojio Etp/jo. B ocHOBara ctoh KOHKpeTHOTO npoyHBaHe 
Ha cejiara Cre6.neBO, KneHbe h BopMHHa, Ha Meera h b cpaBHHTcneH nnaH c h3toh- 
hhhh, nacTHHHO h cnopa/niHHO 3acarajiH Te3H BtnpocH (3a pernoHa). H3Jio>KeHH- 
eTO npe^CTaBJiaBa peicoHCTpyKHHa Ha o6HHaHHO-o6pejiHaTa CHCTeMa ot nepHO/ja 
flo 1967 r., KoraTO BJiH3a ocjjHHHajiHara 3a6paHa 3a H3BtpHiBaHe Ha pejinrH03Ha 
flefiHOCT b P Aji6aHHa, KaKTO h 3a BpeMeTO p,o HanajiOTO Ha 90-Te rojiHHH Ha 20 
b., KoraTO b oGjiaerra HacTtnBa /jeMorpacjjCKH cpHB. OGpe^HOCTTa e npe/jCTaBeHa 
TaxaBa, KaKBaTO e 3ana3eHa b cnoMeHHTe Ha rojioGtpflHH. 3aroBa h ,,/ryMara" me 
HMaT caMHTe Te - Te3H, kohto ca „>KHBejiH" Ta3H KyjiTypa. 

1. KajieH^ap 

IIpeflH Jia ce roBopn 3a Tpa/niHHOHHHa KajieH/jap Ha rojioGtpflHH, Tpa6Ba 3a ce 
otGojiokh coHHOKyjiTypHHaT h nojiHTHnecKHaT kohtckct, b kohto toh e ctmecT- 
ByBan cnep, 1 967 r. 3a6paHaTa Ha pejinrHHTe KaTO 0(})HHHajiHa fltp^KaBHa nojiHTHica 
pecjweKTHpa bt>b (jjyHKHHOHHpaHeTO KaKTO Ha xpncTHaHCKHTe, TaKa h Ha miocioji- 
MaHCKHTe oGpe^HH h o6nHaHHH npaKTHKH: „Emep XodoKa 3a6panu, m najuma. 
BenuKden Ka so npaeeMe - co MysuKa, co monanu^ 2 , km uzpaMe, km ce 6epeMe, 
nonom neeme myue, cee cu wuauie, km cu uzpoMe cume MJiadu myeKa, no KyKu 
npauMe nuua ifbpeenu eanuajue* 3 , nocne na da udeju... Boduifu, Boduifu wemaMe 
no KyKu, npaua Ma3Huuu* 4 , m6ojiku, nozanu co uiapenu padomu npaea cmapuume 
no KyKume, wemaMe no KyKu na Boduifu. (...) Tlocne omKoza Eneep mu mopnamu, 
neMaiue, ne npaeea, najuma m" k hjih „zoduHU no-nanped hu mdyKeee (pecmume* 6 , 
rwpzeeden da ne ce npau, EaupaM da ne ce npau, JlemnuK, Heepy3... edno-dpy- 
zo, da ne ce npaeu, ne hu ocmaeaM. " S1 Ocbch ne chjtho pe/iyHHpa npa3HHHHara 
CHCTeMa, 3a6paHara npoBOKHpa TafiHOTO peanH3HpaHe Ha npa3HHHHTe h cna3Ba- 
He Ha npaBHJiara Ha TpajjHHHOHHara Kymypa. PacjjMne ABJiny ot c. CtcGjicbo ch 
cnoMHa cjiynan ot HefiHara MJiajiocT, Koraro momh h hcbccth ce ctGnpaT, 3a p,a 



83 6oajiHCBaMe 

84 6aHHL[H 
85 



Cnnpo MapKy, 05.06.2008, BopMima. 

86 npa3HHL[HTe 

87 PaiJjMHe (Pax6He) Ab/ihy, p. 1939 r. b c. CTe6neBO, o6p. 4 kji., 3eMeziejiHe, ot 1967 r. 
>KHBee b Jlyp-bC (flpan); c. Ore6jieBO, 20.06.2008, 3an. B. ToH^eBa, K. PaHroneB. 

32 



xoflflT CKpjniiHO „Hampeea" npe/jH H3rpeB Ha TeprbOBfleH h BtnpeKH na3emHTe 
rn npe^CTaBHTejiH Ha BJiacTTa (kohto flopn OTca/jar b ^OMOBeTe hm), ycnaBar 3a 
ce „H3Mi>KHaT" ot cejiOTO - „Ke 3<meeeMe na myjwdana zope, kozh ne nye — o 60 60 
m6ezajiel" m Pa36npa ce, cne/i TOBa ci>npy3HTe, 6amHTe hjih 6paTaTa Ha yiacT- 
HHHKHTe b o6pe/niaTa npaKTHKa ca H3BHKBaHH b o6iHHHara, kb/jcto ca 3anjianiBa- 

HH CtC CaHKHHH. 

To3H MO/jeji Ha H/jeojiorHiecKH HaTHCK flajien He e H30JiHpaHO aBJieHHe b Aji- 

6aHHa, BtB BCHHKH CTpaHH C KOMyHHCTHHeCKH pe>KHM B T03H nepHOfl Ce pa3BHBaT 

cxoflHH npoHecH. ^tp^KaBHaTa CTpaTerna 3a kohtpoji e CBtp3aHa c HenpeKBCHaro 
Ha6jiiOflaBaHe ot npe/jCTaBHTejiH Ha BJiacTTa: „IJa udea da eudem darni npaume 
neujo - danu MasnuK, win daiaiaea, u ude da ce nymm da ne npauMe sa denoume. " 89 
HaTHCKtT ce H3pa35raa h b npoBOicaHHH h „npoBepKH": „M PaMa3an Koza nocmem 
eden Meceu e zodunama - CKpuuioM, MauKume nauiu CKpumoM nocmua, da ne zu 
3Houm hukou, ne ndem dy na nemupu caama nped cadane do na nem caama naee- 
nep... Mm huujo, aMa zu eapdua, kou nocmum, kou,,, npoeoKoeue, saujo me omudo 
e Konpamuea padomae, neMauie npueamcKu 90 , ceume 6ea, zo npoeoKoeue OKenume 
- nanuu ce juajio eoda, (ponu oee... da eudu dan nocmem an ne. " n B cnoMemiTe Ha 
rojioGtpflHH TOBa e „tc>kko BpeMe" Ha jiniueHHe ot CBo6ofleH H36op, Ha 3anjiaxa 
ot 3aTBop, Ha CTpax h HenpeKtCHaro CJieaeHe, ho BtnpeKH TOBa TpaaHHHOHHara 
hm KajieH/japHa o6pe/niocT OH&iiaBa, MaKap h b HaKOH cjiyiaH chjiho TpaHC(j)opMH- 
paHa. IIepH(j)epHOTO CHTynpaHe Ha oGmHOcrra b 6jih30Ct p,o rpaHHHara e ot e/jHa 
CTpaHa „ygo6Ho", nopa/jH OT/jajieieHOCT ot CTOJiHHara h flpyrn raneMH rpaaoBe, 
b kohto e KOHHenrpHpaHa BJiacTTa. Ot flpyra CTpaHa o6ane, o6iHHOCTra e o6eicr 
Ha ome no-CTpor kohtpoji tbkmo nopa/ni rpaHHHHara 30Ha, KaKTO h nopa/ni cthh- 
necKHa ctCTaB Ha HacejieHHeTO b pernoHa (MaKap h TOBa b Hafi-MajiKa CTeneH #a 
e (jjaKTop). 

OnncaHHeTO Ha npa3HHHHaTa CHCTeMa Ha 6tJirapHTe ot Tojio Etp/jo Tpa6Ba 
3a 3anoHHe c xphcthhhckhh npaiini'ien KajieH^ap, tbh rojiaMa nacT ot npa3- 
HHiniTe ce npaKTHKyBaT h ot MiocKMiMaHHre - KaTO ctBMecTeH >khbot Ha /HieTe 
pejiHrH03HH rpynn Ha BceKH/nieBHO h npa3HHHHO paBHHine hjih KaTO Bi>3MO>KHa 
ocTaTtHHOCT ot npeaMiocioJiMaHCKHa nepnofl (nopa/ni kt>choto npneMaHe Ha hc- 
jiaMa). B npoyHBaHeTO He ce OTKpnxa npn3HaHH 3a OT^aBaHe Ha npeHMymecTBO na 
xpncTHaHCKOTO Hafl MiocioJiMaHCKOTO (b cejiHmara etc CMeceHO Hacejiemie hjih 
cpefl H3noBaflBaiHHTe HCJiaMa). H3CJieaBaHKH MiocioJiMaHHTe ot ctce/nina Ha Tojio 
Btpflo pernoH ^ojiHa PeKa, H. JiHMaHOCKH nocoiBa HHTepeceH cjiyiafi ot c. Cicy- 



1 PaiJiMHe Ab/ihy, 20.06.2008, c. CTe6jieBO. 
' Bo>khh <J>hjii,okh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

1 HaCTHH 

Ca^eTe nnpyiiiH, 10.06.2008, rp. CoiJiHa. 

33 



3pHHbe - npn cbBna^aHe Ha BafipaM h reprbOB/jeH e/jHH CTap hobck ot cejiOTO 
Ka3an - „Ha BafipaM My Mp/jar ro30T, p,e TaMy-^e BaMy a rroprbOB/jeH CTajmo 92 ch 
ro flop>KeT fleHOT, p,a oflHMe b nnaHHHa" (t.c jya. npa3HyBaMe reprbOB/jeH - 6.m.) 
(JlHMaHOCKH 1993: 337). 

HH(j)opMaiiHflTa 3a MecTHjrre xpncTHaHCKH npa3HHHH, kosto ce cb/rbp>Ka b G^ji- 
rapcKHTe h3tohhhiih, e no-CKopo enH30/jnHHa. E. MnnaHOB cnoMeHaBa: „Ot bchh- 
kh 6"bJirapH b Tojio 6"bpao ce npa3HyBaT TpaflimHOHHjrre h xphcthshckh npa3HHnH 
KaTO JlemnuK, Empzeedeu, Bacunuua, Bejiundeu h Mumpoedeu" (MiuiaHOB 2001: 
19). T. U,OHeBa nnine, ne ce npa3HyBaT oOHHairre BoduMenxa, Bacunuua (14.01), 
JlemnuK (13.04), Eadume, BenuKdeu, EpeMUH (14.05) h Mumpoedeu (U,OHeBa2001: 
11), KaKTO h ne „ koko duu ca nyeuu Euboedeu, Efempoedeu, Mnuudeu, EfemKoedeu, 
ho He ce npa3HyBar" (U,OHeBa 2001: 13). T. BnaroeB pa3rae>Kma JlbemmiK, Ewp- 
zeedau, MepeMim icaro npa3HyBaHH ot xphcthshh (a h ot MiocKwiMaHn) (Bjiaro- 
eB 1999). OcBeH noconeHHre npa3HHHH b xpncTnaHCKna KajieH/jap, Tpa6Ba jy& ce 
cnoMeHe, ne, KaKTO n M. Ohjihiiobhh ome npe3 1940 r. OT6ejifl3Ba, nonm bchhkh 
xpncTHaHCKH ceMeficTBa b pernoHa npa3HyBaT „cjiaea" hjih „cjiyoic6a", HMar ce- 
MeeH CBeTeii noicpoBHTeji, kototo nonnTar, a bchko ceno, b kocto acnBeaT xpncraa- 
hh, HMa npa3HHK Ha cencKHa xpaM, CBT>p3aH c onpe/jejieH CBeTen (B>k. OnjmnoBnn 
1940: 68-69). Ba>KHO e Cbino fla ce noflnepTae, ne b Tojio B^p^o, Taica KaKTO e no 
najiara GidirapcKara eTHnnecica TepnTopna, Tpa/ninnoHHara 3eMe/jejiCKa ro/jnHa 
ce flejiH Ha #Be: „3a juecmo njiauuucKo, wo cjue uue, Hue zo eenuMe - uiec Meceuu 
3UMa, wee Meceuu Jibemo. JIbemo e om rwpzeedeu do Mumpoedeu, om Mumpoe- 
deu do rtopzeedeu, ua ocyM uaudop 93 , eduuaucmu - Mumpoedeu, ua uiec - rwp- 
zeedeu, Mau. " 94 

Ha MHTpoeaeH (Cb. ,H,HMHTbp ConyHCKH Hy/jOTBopen, 26.10./08.11., /Jhmh- 
TpoB/jeH), KofiTO b Tojio E-bp/jo ce npa3HyBa Ha 8 HoeMBpn, xpncTHaHnre npaBaT 
„numyjiuu,u" - o6pe/jHH xna6oBe c Macno. H. JinMaHCKn cbo6m,aBa, ne npn mk>- 
cioJiMaHHTe b P Maice/jOHna xjiaOvr ce Mecn cpemy /jeHa n ce ocTaBa b HOinBnre 
fla npeenn, 3a p,a HMa BHHarn xjia6 b icbinara (JlHMaHOCKH 1993: 338). B Eojio 
B-bp^o ot HanpaBeHHTe bt>b bcckh #om „ numyjiuu,u " ce B3eMa no Majnco ot bcckh 
njieH Ha ceMeficTBOTO, a ocTaHajioTO ce H3Haca HaBtH, Ha /niopa „deMex — ua.... 
Tocnoda ", T.e. „MaiiKama om Kyunma kh Moneuie ua Tocnoda... " 95 MtocKMMaHHTe 
npaBAT ebinoTO, KoeTO cnopefl (jjojncnopHHTe npe/jCTaBn e 3anMCTBaHO, Tbfi KaTO 
xpncTnaHCKHTe npa3HHnn ca „no-y6aeu". Bi>3mo>kho e o6ane TOBa ^a e ocTaT^n- 
hoct ot o6mna npeflncjiaMCKn >khbot Ha o6inHOCTTa. 



4t 

HOeMBpH 

94 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. CTe6neBo. 

95 Cnnpo MapKy, 05.06.2008, c. BopMHija. 



34 



Ha HHKyjiaeH (Cb. HnKOJiafi Mhpjthkhhckh Hy/jOTBopeii, 06. 12./19.12., Hh- 
Kyji^eH), ocBeH sa/rbJiraiTejiHaTa pn6a, Ha Tpane3aTa npiiebCTBa h cneiinaneH 06- 
pefleH xna6 - „UlapeH. Co npoccpop" 96 , icaro npoccjjop 97 ca HMajiH noHTH bchhkh 

XpHCTHSHH no flOMOBCTe CH. 

Bo/kmh (Po)KflecTBO XpHCTOBO 25. 12./07.01 ., Kojieaa) ce npa3HyBa Ha 7 aHy- 
apn - „llpaHm nocmu do Eomcuh mec nedejiu, nocmum kcik 3a BemiKden, mec 
Hedenu. " 98 npa3HHici>T Tpae 3 /jhh - 6, 7 h 8 sHyapn. M. Ohjihhobhh ctoGmaBa, ne 
b HaKOH cena b Tojio Etpao npe3 Eo>khh xo/uit KOJieaapn - MiocKMMaHCKH fleua, 
kohto nocemaBaT h xpHcraaHCKH icbihh, ho b c. CreGjieBO He ch cnoMHaT ^a e 
HMano KOJieflapn (®HJiHnoBHn 1940: 71-72). 

XpHCTHaHCKOTonpa3HyBaHeHaBacHJiHua(CB.BacHJiHHBejiHKH,01.01./14.0L, 
BacHJibOB^eH) Ha 14 sHyapn BicniOHBa npaBeHe bt>b bcckh j\om Ha t. Hap. „eacu- 
jiuHKa nozana" c napHHica (®HJiHnoBHn 1940: 72) - „juauKa hu kh hu zo deneme, 
KonbKy 6eeMe e Kbmu, KonbKy dotcazypunn^, cee, ceama (paMUJiw KoiibKy 6euie, kh 
zo deneme iiedom u mjuy mo kh My nadneme, kh ce sae-bpmeme om nasad u maa 
wpene - oee napne nueo e? A6ujiuho, oee e HjibeemKuno, oee e McMemuno, oee e 
3auMoeo u mjuy mo My nadneme jieKom 100 - oooo, uMam KucMem zoduna!" 101 



96 Mapmi PaiiKo, p. 1941 r. b c. T>p6ene (fle6i>pcKo), o6p. ochobho, 3eMe^eiiHe, OMtMceHa 
b Cre6neBo; c. Ore6neBO, 19.06.2008, 3an. B. ToiraeBa, K. PaHroneB. 

97 B npaBOCnaBHaTa TpaanuHfl npoc(J>opH ca MajiKH KptniH nmeHHHHH xjie6HeTa, HanpaBe- 
hh ot ^Be napneTa 3aKBaceHO TecTO, Bi>pxy kohto e HaHeceH cneuiiajieH nenaT c onpezie- 
neHH chmbojih. Te ynacTBaT b penHrH03HOTO TaMHCTBO EBxapHCTira. fleficTBHaTa c tax ce 
H3Bi>piuBaT ^ajieH ot ohhtc Ha BapBam,HTe - b ojiTapa, Ki>^eTO npe^H CBeTaTa JlmyprHfl 
ce H3Bi>puiBa „npeTBopaBaHeTo" Ha xjia6a h bhhoto b tsjio h Kpi>B XpiicroBH. Ho no;; 
Ha3BaHHeTO npocijiop (npocijiopa, npociJiopHHK) ce noApa36npa h caMHHT nenaT, c kohto 
ce yKpacHBa xna6a. npoccJiopHHTe nenaTH ca kjiiohob ejieMem - Ha ht>pkobhh>i >khbot, b 
tsx ce BiiaraT CTporo onpe^eneHH penHrH03HH chmbojih, (JiopMaTa hm e KaHOHHHHa, ho 
Bee naK HMa h pa3HHHHH. B onpezieneHH perHOHH Ha 6i>JirapcKaTa eraHnecKa TepHTopna 
Te ce H3non3BaT caivio b ui>pKBHTe, a b jxpym ca 3a^i>j]>KHTejieH HHBeHTap Ha BCHKa Kbma. 
JJoMaiHHHTe npociJiopHH nenaTH ce non3BaT 3a pa3HHHHH BH^OBe o6pe^HH h npa3HHHHH 
xna6oBe. Ha mhoto MecTa BCHKa xpncTHaHCKa Kbma HMa cboh npociJiopHHK, kohto ci>xpa- 
H>iBa b aoMaiHHHa HKOHOCTac, pe^OM ^o HKOHaTa noKpoBHTenKa Ha j^OMa. npn j^OMaiuHHTe 
nenaTH (JiopMaTa He e crporo onpezieneHa - ocbch xphcthahckh chmbojih, ce H3nHCBaT h 
(JiaMHJiHH HHHLiHajiH, HacejieHH MecTa, toahhh (B>k. MnniKOBa 2007). 

98 MnTpe PaMKO, p. 1937 r. b c. Cre6jieBO, o6p. ochobho, 3eMe/iejiHe, He e HanycKan CTe6- 
jieBo; c. Cre6jieBO, 19.06.2007, 3an. B. ToHieBa, K. PaHroneB. 

99 Jl,ei;a. B CTe6jieBO h KjieHte non „nena" ce pa36npaT caMO ^eijaTa ot mt>>kkh noji, a 
o6iu,OTO Ha3BaHHe 3a ^BaTa nojia e „^>KarypHHa", „a>KarypeTa". 

100 JleK, jieKH - aji6aHCKaTa napn^Ha e^HHHi;a. 

101 Ca^eTe nnpyuiH, 10.06.2008, Coo>Ha. 

35 



3a nocTaBHHeTO Ha napHHKara cnoMeHaBa h M. Hobkobckh npn H3CJieaBaHe- 
to Ha rojioGtpflCKOTO cejio ,ZI,>KenHma, kocto e Ha TepnropHaTa Ha P Maice/jOHna 
(Hobkobckh 2006: 130). noraiara ce yKpacaBa no cneHH(})HHeH HanHH c orae- 
iarc>HH ot nptCTeH, KaKTO ce ocjjopMa noraqara 3a CBar6a, xe. xjia6i>T e erporo 
pHTyajieH. 

IIo HH(j)opMaHHa ot c. Cre6jieBO npe3 Hourra xpHcraaHCKH )kchh xo/uit c no- 
ranH „na eoda" - npn qeuiMa, hhcto kophto ce 3arpa>K/ia, 3a /ja e ntJiHO c BO^a. 
„nozme nocea majuo u neex, ne 3Hom KaKeu necMU - flau mu Bootee dap 6epu- 
Kem... u na mypx^u, u na Kaypu, so neen Kaypume... KaypcKa 6eme maa (pecma... " W1 
MiocKraMaHHTe ctmo HH/nipeKTHO ynacTBaT b npa3HHKa, HanpHMep, He pa6oTaT 
hhiho npe3 Henna pen h „m cedeejue cea how,, Ke naxaeMe, xe udexa Kaypume 
da nenm, Ke eudeeMe neeecmama, ydaeo, mhozo ydaeo. " 103 IIpH MiocioJiMaHHTe 
b flHeiimara P MaKe/jOHHa ce npaBH 3a/rbJi>KHTejiHO KaiaMaK, p,eu,a o6HKajiaT no 
flOMOBeTe n cb6npaT aGtJiKH, opexn, 606, napn (JlnMaHOCKn 1993: 340). 

Ha 19 aHyapn b iojio Btpflo ce npa3HyBa Bo^muh (KptineHne rbcno/nie, 
6.01./19.01., HopflaHOBfleH, BoroaBJieHne). Cnope/i ny6jiHKannaTa Ha M. Ohjih- 
noBnn, b CreGjieBO CJiefl cny>K6aTa Ha BoroaBJieHne CBemeHHKtT n jiHTnaTa oth- 
BaT Ha neniMa, kb/jcto ce npaBH boaocbct h ce xBtpjra Kptcxbx Cnep, TOBa jihthh- 
hoto mecTBHe ce Bptraa b HtpKBaTa. nee ce - ,,/Jau mu, Bootee, dap - depuKem, u 
eo cejio u eo njianuna! " (OnjinnoBKh 1940: 78). CnoMeHHTe Ha e/nia MiocioJiMaHKa 
ot Ore6jieBO ct/rbp^Kar no/jo6HO Ha6jno/ieHHe: „na om3adu kh euKae, ceume kh 
neen otceuume, nocne km euKae Mootcume u otcenume saedno - Tocnode, noMootcu! 
Tam euKae, cade necMeme neeue otcenume, mue odea u otcenu, u mooku na Boduue, 
odea na neutMama. M kh neen otcenume u nocne... eenea ceume odeno, no ceem 
necjua —Tocnodu, noMootcu!"™ 4 

®HJiHnoBHH cnoMeHaBa ome h ne bi>b BcaKO cejio o6hkhobcho HMa cthh hjih 
noBene KptCTOBe b e/jHH pop, hjih b HaKOJiKO po/ja. B CtcGjicbo, HanpHMep, e HMajio 
5 KptCTa (OnjinnoBKh 1940: 73-74), a b roiio6i>pflCKOTO cejio ^^Kennma (b #h. P 
MaKeaoHna) - 2 KptCTa (Hobkobckh 2006: 130). Koraro b cejiOTO HaMa CBeineHHK 
(b pa3JiHiHH MOMeHTH ot HCTopnaTa Ha perHOHa He e HMajio CBemeHHHH bi>b bchh- 
kh cejia - KaTO npHMep Ohjihhobhh nocoHBa Ce6Hma, KneHbe h rimeBeij npe/ni 
BajiKaHCKaTa BOHHa), KptcxtT hjih KptCTOBeTe ce HOcaT b m>pKBara - HanpHMep, 
b CTe6jieBO KptcxtT, yBHT b 6ochjick h nocTaBeH b kotjic c Boaa, e HomyBaji b 
ntpKBaTa cpemy BoroaBJieHne (OnjinnoBKh 1940: 75). 

npaKTHKaTa 3a xBtpjiaHeTO n H3Ba)K/iaHeTO Ha KptCTa npn xpncTHaHHTe bi>b 
bchhkh cejiHina Ha Tojio Btpflo ce ocbinecTBaBa ot t. Hap CTap h hob „Kyju". 3a 



102 Paij)MHe Abjjhy, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

103 Pac|>MHe Abjihy, 20.06.2007, c. Ore6jieBO. 

104 Ca^eTe nnpyuiH, 10.06.2008, rp. CocJjHa. 

36 



oGpeflHara pojia „ KyM " cnoMeHaBa h M. Ohjihhobhh - TOBa e flOMaKHHtT Ha „ npo- 
cjiaeama" (npa3HeHCTBOTo), KaTO ot npeflxoflHara ro/jHHa ce 3Hae koh me 6tfle 
KyM npe3 cjieaBamara rofliraa - „ Co ped cu zo npaeuMe cenomo, zodunaea zo 
UMa h, dozoduna Ke doevu mu, co ped cenomo KyKume, ueno ceno cu zo suae. " 105 
06pe/jHOTO fleficTBHe H3HCKBa npe/jaBaHe Ha KptCTa: „ Ceza zoduna - h, nocne 
npedaeaM h Kopcmom u zo seMem oee, ceza oee e noeuom Kyju, h ct>m cmapuom, 
3cau npedaeaM Kopcmom. " 106 H3BaaeHHaT ot Boaara KptCT ce nocTaBa b GaRtpne 
c BO^a h 6ocHJieK, ot KoeTO ce nne 3a 3/ipaBe: „ ... mu kh zo nyufuui, kh zo 3e/na h, 
nocne Koza kh useada Kopcmom, kh (ponn, UMauie menddtcepne mojio co 6ocwieK, 
no-cmapume, kh ce nanuem eoda om docuneKom, om Kopcmom..." 101 C TOBa 6a- 
icbpne ce oGmcajia ot io>ma b Ktma, KaTO b Hero bchhkh nycxaT napn hjih aaBar 
flap 3a HtpKBaTa. A ot BO/jara Ha HeniMara, b koato ce xBtpjia kpt>ctbt, ce B3eMa, 
hoch ce y 30Ma h ce na3H e/jHa ro/jHHa: „H nyeaui edna zoduna, ne ce pascunea 
man. Tan eoda e npunecmna. " 108 

H CTapnaT, h hobhst KyM npaBaT romaBKa b ^OMOBeTe ch, Ha kohto H/nm noHTH 
H5UIOTO ceno 109 - „zo u/uae h Kopcmom zodunama, h cnednama zoduna Ke dada/a 
eden pyneK 11 " u edna eenepa, cmap Ky/u ce euKa e zoduna h (...) u mym kh npae Kau 
Mene doKyjvi6yuiu kh npaeuie, cenoeo udeuie Kae Mene, ueno ceno mye Kau Mene, 
kh npau dotcyM6yui, kh nee... " m Tpane3ara Ha Bo/jhhh e „co(ppa ceemuuoeano- 
ea, ceemu Moean 6euie KyM na cocppa. Ko Kopcmua eo pern Mopdan na ceemu 
Hoean" 112 . IIpHroTBaT ce mhoto h pa3HOo6pa3HH acraa: „Mo3nuuu Ke npanm, ku- 
namu Ma3Huuu, menuun kh h nonnam, kh eapeM Meca, kh eape nnenm, kh (ponu 
zpa(p ni eo nnenKama, kh uscponu mypuiun... " n4 

Cnopefl M. Ohjihhobhh, Ha Ta3H Tpane3a ca ce H3HMiHflBajiH „BO/niHapcKH" 
necHH, kohto HMar „pHTyajieH h cthhcckh xapaicrep h cbfltp^KaHHe" (®HJiHnoBHn 
1940: 77) - nocBeTeHH Ha cb. HoBaH h pp., ho Han-Bene lOHauiKH necHH. Abtopt>t 
OT6ejia3Ba, ne )KeHHTe neaT noBene enHiecKH necHH, ho ce HsntJiHaBaT h t. Hap. 

„)KeHCKH neCHH". AHTH(JjOHHHaT HaHHH Ha H3ni>JIHeHHe OHJIHnOBHH HapHna „xo- 



105 Cnnpo MapKy, 05.06.2008, c. BopMima. 

106 Bo>khh OnjitoKH, 01.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

107 Cnnpo MapKy, 05.06.2008, c. BopMima. 

108 Mmpe PafiKo, 19.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

109 3a romaBKa npn CTapna h hobha KyM cnoMeHaBa h M. Ohjihiiobhh (B>k. <J>HJiHnoBHli 
1940: 76). 

110 o6hzi 

111 EoacHH Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

112 Bo>khh Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

113 5o5 

114 Cimpo MapKy, 05.06.2008, c. BopMima. 

37 



poBo" neeHe - e/jHa rpyna omaBa e/jHH cthx, flpyra - cneflBamna (®HJTHnoBHn 
1940: 77-78). 

CTe6jieBHaHH ch cnoMHaT, ne 3a noone/ieH itbt KptCTtT e xBtpjiaH „nped dea- 
mpuHaecem zodunu ", 3am,OTO „ nejua Jirode, nejua kou " 115 . 

TaHacoeaeH (Cb. AraHacHH Bothkhh, apxiien. AjieiccaH/ipHHCKHH, 17.01./ 
31.01., ATaHacoB^eH), cnope/i rojio6tp/mH, ce e npa3HyBan caMO ot „ezK>ni{ume", 
xe. iinraHHTe, a cnopefl H. JiHMaHOCKH cpe/i MiocKMMaHHTe ot Peica, ^eGtpcKO, h 
)Kyna 3a/rbJi>KHTejiHO ce npnroTBaT ctpMH, Kaicro h Hem,o CJia^KO. 

IIoKJiaaH 116 (Helena CnponycTHa, CnpHH 3aroBe3HH) noeraBa HanajiOTO Ha 
BejiHKfleHCKHa nocT, kohto Tpae „cedyju uedejiu". Ha IIoKJia/iH xpHcraaHHTe b 
Tojio Etpao najiaT raneMii orHbOBe bi>b BcaKa Maxajia h „ nyKam (pumn " — nrpa c 
npefl)KeHHT6eHH ejieMenrH: „... (pujinn sa (pujiHHKa, (pujixHKa sa (pujinna. L(yt{a- 
ma ni Mumpeea 3a dememo KoHcmanmuHoeo... (...) nyKajue c edno dpeeo, npaeeno 
mam... co ut>zjiuhh, ut>zjiuhh 3(iMaem om majuy u nyKaem na KaMenom, am nanpau 
suae - a, Ke so sejua i{yi{emo Mumpeeo (pujiRHKa. " m 3a TOBa ra^aeHe cnoMeHaBa h 
M. Ohjihiiobhh, kohto noacHaBa, ne aKO yaaptT Ha a'bpboto Btpxy KaMtKa „nyK- 
He" floGpe, TOBa 03HanaBa, ne /jeBOHKara, 3a KoaTO e npeflHa3HaneH, oGnna MJia- 
^e>Ka, xBtpjiHJi (jjHJiaH (OhjikhobhIi 1940: 80). MiocKWMaHHTe nocemaBaT ctmo 
xpncTHaHCKHa npa3HHK, a 3aflT>ji)KHTejiHaTa o6pe/jHa xpaHa BKjnoHBa: „Meco, ujo 
UMam, nuije, cee, Masnuiju npaeejue". B nocneflBamHa nocT „ne ce nde, ujo e 
Mbpcno —Mac, ujo wua Kbpe, ne cende. .3HHe MO>Ke jih p,a ce a/je, TaM KptB HeMa? 
Hejua Kbpe... wua mmiuKama K-bpe, iu,o zo hocu aui^emo. (cMax) Cadepuda cende 
eo nocma. " 119 

CneiiH(j)HHeH h oco6eHO Ba^KeH npa3HHK 3a pernoHa e JIbeTHHK. IIpa3HyBa ce 
Ha 14 MapT (c BapnaHT 1 MapT) h o6o3HaqaBa npH6jiH>KaBamaTa npojiex IIo30Ba- 
BafiKH ce Ha pe/niHa aBTopn, Y. BtJiHHHOBa nHiue:„Cpefl HaceneHHeTO Ha K)roH3- 
TOHHa CtpGna, KaKTO h bt>b BapaapcKa h K3ro3anaflHa MaKe/jOHHa MecenbT (MapT 
- 6.m.) e no3Har KaTO „JTeTHHK". Ct>ihoto Ha3BaHHe HMa h 1 MapT b OxpH^CKO 
h 3e6i>pcKo" (BtJiHHHOBa 1994: 40). Ha3BaHHeTO „JIeTHHK" 3a 1 MapT e npneTO 
flopn y aji6aHHHTe MiocKMMaHH b Kocobo, tbh icaro, cnopcg K). HBaHOBa, e 3aeTO 
ot ctceflHOTO cjiaBaHCKO HaceneHHe (HBaHOBa 1977: 316). 

M. OHJiHnoBHH OT6ejia3Ba, ne JTeTHHK ce npa3HyBa h ot npaBoanaBHH, h ot 
MiocKwiMaHH (TOBa ce OTHaca h 3a rojioGtpflCKHTe cena b P Maice/iOHHa (b>k. Hob- 



115 Mmpe PafiKo, 19.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

116 3a IloKJia^H b>k. h <J>HHHnoBHh 1940: 79. 

117 MOMirae 

118 <t>epHT EyiuaTH, p. 1940 r. b c. CTe6neBO, o6p. ochobho, ;p>pBOceKaH, HopMnpoB^HK, ot 
1994 r. acHBee b TnpaHa; c. CTe6neBO, 20.06.2007, 3an. B. ToH^eBa, K. PaHroneB. 

119 MHTpe PafiKo, 19.06.2007, c. Ore6jieBO. 

38 



kobckh 2006: 131) h e CBtp3aH c peaima noBepna - Ha to3h /jeH ntpBO Tpa6Ba j\a 
ce Bii/ni nTHija, 3a pa e Jieic KaTO nrHHa hobck npe3 Hajiara ro/nnia; b /pKo6a Tpa6Ba 
pa HMa napHHKa, 3a pa HMa napn npe3 ro/niHara; no /jOMOBeTe ce hoch /jpaHOBa 
ntnKa (kohto nptB poiipe b /jOMa, Tpa6Ba 3a3tJi)KHTejiHO 3a hoch), a 3a npeana3- 
BaHe ot OTBtflHH ebinecTBa (KaTO BaMnnpn h pp.) BT>3pacTHHTe >kchh ycyKBaT Ha 
JleTHHK nepBeH h nepeH kohch 120 , kohto ce CKbCBa Ha reprbOB/jeH h ce noeraBa Ha 
3ejieHO (OHJiHnoBHh 1940: 79). 3a Bpi>3BaHeTO Ha ycyKaH 6aji h nepBeH kohch npn 
MiocioJiMaHHTe b flHeniHara P MaKeaofflia cnoMeHaBa h H. JlHMaHOCKH, Hapnna 
ce „mcihhk" hjih „MapmuHKa" h b Hero ce BnjiHra MeTajma napHHKa hjih flpaH, 
nocTaBH ce Ha hihhtc Ha aeHara, ho ce cjiara h Ha po6nTbK. B CTpy^KKH ^.phmkoji 
/jeHara rn hocat, /jOKaro He BH/jaT jiacTOBHHa, ToraBa rn oeraBaT Ha pa3JiHCTeH 
TpeH^acjjHJi; hjih m>K po reprbOB/jeH, KoraTO Cbino ce anarar Ha Hbcjmaji TpeH/ja- 
(j)HJi (JlHMaHOCKH 1993: 331). 

Cpefl 6tJirapHTe ot Tojio Btp^o e no3HaTO Ha30BaBaHeTO „mohhk", a npaKTH- 
KHTe ca cxo/jhh: ycyKaHHaT nepBeH h 6aji kohch ce nocTaBa Ha /jeHara h ce hoch 
„ do rwpzweden, na den rmpzweden na wee Mau, do mozaiu ne ay uscpp-bjinw. Bo 
edna mpendacpuna zo Memam. " ni Ha to3h peH ce Bpt3BaT jhojikh h Mnapine xopa 
ce jHOJieaT. E BjiaroeB cboGinaBa h 3a flpyrn npaKTHKH (Btpxy MarepHaji ot cejiara 
TojieMO OcTpeHH h CeBJibeBO 122 ) - yBHBaHe okojio KpT>CTa Ha pacTeHHeTO „noeu- 
da ", 3a 3a He rn 6ojih npn pa6oTa Ha hhbhtc, yKpacaBaHe Ha BpaTaTa Ha Kbmara c 
ApaHOBH h jiecKOBH kjiohkh, nocTHJiaHe Ha nepra Ha /jBopa, B^pxy kosto ce cnara 
b Kp^r B'b^Ke h B'bTpe ce HaTporaaBa xjia6, 3a pa upaj kokouikhtc h „da ne dezam 
om KyKRma" (BjiaroeB 1999: 102). KaKTO nnme JlHMaHOCKH (JlHMaHOCKH 1993: 
329-330), caMHaT peH ce Hapnia „3anomKu ", tt>h Karo Mnapw hcbccth h /jcbohkh 

C nO-B'b3paCTHH >KCHH Cb6npaT OCHOBHO flpaHOBH, HO H fl'bGOBH H B'bpGOBH HMIKH, 

kohto nocTaBaT Ha BparHTe Ha KbinaTa, npn flo6HTbKa, popw rn rbjrrar 3a sppaBe. 
B Cre6.neBO h KneHbe fleficTBHeTO ce Hapnia „nomHeHbe", a caMHTe /jpaHOBH 
n'bnKH - „ nomKu ", KaTO b noconeHHTe cena Ta3H npaKTHKa e oco6eHO THmiHHa 3a 
reprbOB/jeHCKara o6pe/jHOCT. H cnopefl M. Ohjihhobhh, „nomKama" e /jpaHOBa 
nbmca, o6BHTa b cjiaMa, KyKypaK h „ropoHBeTe". „IJomKu" ce anarar Ha hhbh- 
tc, b Kbmara, npn /jo6HTbKa 123 (®HJiHnoBHh 1940: 80). B rojio6'bpflCKOTO cejio 
J\yKenmiia (ph. P MaKe/jOHHa) cyTpHHTa Ha to3h peH ce 6epe Cbino ppsm h jiecKa. 



120 HMeHHO TaKaBa e HH(J>opMauHflTa, /ia^eHa ot <I>HJiHnoBHH - ijBeTOBeTe Ha ycyKaHHH 
KOHei; ca nepBeH h nepeH. 

121 MiiTpe PaMKO, Mapna PaMKO, 19.06.2008, c. CreGneBO. 

122 Abtoptjt BepoHTHO HMa npe/iBH/i CTe6neBO, TbM KaTO ceno c HMe CeBnteBO b Tono 
Etpao He ctmecTByBa. 

123 M. ®HHHnoBHH ziaBa HH(j)opMaLiHa h 3a nocTaBjme npn /io6HTi>Ka Ha aMue, 6oa^HcaHO 
Ha BenHKH neTBi>pTbK (<t>HHHnoBHh 1940: 80). 

39 



Mjia/jHTe ce KaHBar Ha flpaH, Jihp>KaT ce 3a ntnKa ot jiecKa h roroBapaT: „ffa chM 
sdpae Kamo dpnn, da ckm necen Kamo necKa!" (Hobkobckh 2006: 131-132). 

Ha Tpane3aTa Ha JIcthhk 3ajrbJi>KHTejiHO npHCbCTBar „ uce " („jiewHut(u, opecu, 
cmokuhu, ndyjiKa "), 6oa/nicaHH ainja, „jien co meKep " hjih flpyrn cjia/jKH tcctchh 
H3flejiHH, >khto. Cnopefl T. BjiaroeB, o6pe/niaTa cbihhoct Ha „ eanuanu nuua " h 
„nen co luemp" OTBeac/ja kbm BejiHKfleHCKara oGpe/niocT, flopn toh npHBOK^a 
HHTaT ot >KHTeji Ha TojieMO OcTpeHH, kohto noTBtp^flaBa T03H napajieji - „Bue 
BenuKdeH My euKame, Hue JlbemuuK", ho e/niOBpeMeHHO c TOBa b o6pe/nrre Ha 

JleTHHK aBTOpi>T OTKpHBa OTEJiaC OT npaKTHKHTe Ha XpHCTHSHCKHTe npa3HHHH 

Mjia^eHHH h BjiaroBeH (BjiaroeB 1999: 103-104). H TOBa BepoaTHO HMa cbocto oc- 
HOBaHHe - HanpHMep, b c. ^>KenHH],a ce BapBa, ie KaKBOTO ce HanpaBH Ha JIcthhk, 
TOBa me ce npaBH npe3 Hajiara ro^HHa, flopn e no3Hara npaKTHKaTa p,a ce jn>)Ke Ha 
JleTHHK, a He Ha ntpBH anpnji (Hobkobckh 2006: 131-132). 

npeflCTaBHTe 3a E.TOinoni>e (Cbcto EjiaroBemeHHe, 25.03./7.04., BjiaroBeH) 124 
ca b yHHCOH c pa3npocTpaHeHHTe Ha Hajiara 6i>JirapcKa eTHHiecKa TepnropHa. 
npa3HyBa ce Ha 7 anpnji, np,e ce pn6a, a KoraTO KyKyBHHaTa 3aKyKBa, He Tpa6Ba 
fla e „Ha nia/Hio". B CreGjieBO Ha to3h /jeH ce nocemaBa napaKJinc h3bi>h cejio- 
to: „Ha puda, na ei>px puda UMauie cbpKea ManeHKa. M odeejue myeKa na cedeM 
anpwi, " 125 

Cnopefl H. JiHMaHOCKH, Jla3apima (JIa3apoB#eH, JIa3apnHa, JIa3apHHHa, Jla- 
3ap, JIa3apoBa ctGoTa, ct6oTa npe/jH BejiHK/jeH) ce npa3HyBa jxbq cc/imhhh cnefl 
JleTHHK h b MHHajiOTO e npa3HyBaH ot HCJiaMH3HpaHHTe ^khtcjih Ha rojio6i>pacKH- 
Te cena b jTHeuma P MaKeaoHHa, a /niec (kbm 1993 r.) ro npa3HyBaT b /Jacennma 
h OTHraaHH - ,H,e6i>pcKO (JiHMaHOCKH 1993: 331). 3a CBi>p3BaHeTO Ha JIa3apnHa c 
JleTHHK CBH^eTejiCTBa h E BjiaroeB b cbocto npoyHBaHe. Toh CHHra, ie TOBa e jio- 
KajiHO CMecBaHe Ha jjBara npa3HHKa nopa/Hi 6jiH30CTra hm bi>b BpeMeTO (BjiaroeB 
1 999: 1 04). B cejiara CtcGjicbo h KneHbe BpeMeBaTa o6Bi>p3aHOCT Ha npa3HHKa He e 
kt>m JleTHHK, a „JIa3apuua e edna nedejin nped BenuKdeu " 126 . Ome M. Ohjihhobhh 
cnoMeHaBa 3a xoaeHe Ha Jia3apn h jia3apKH - MOMieTa h MOMHneTa, KaTO HaKb/je 
xoflaT caMO MOMneTa, a HaKB/je h MOMHieTa h MOMieTa Ha Bb3pacT jio 10 ro/niHH. 
JIa3apKHTe neaT, a Jiasapnre - He, Te caivio ctGnpaT jiapoBe. Ohjihhobhh ctoGmaBa 
ome, ne oGnnaaT ce npaBH b nextR npe/jH JIa3apoBaTa ci>6oTa (OhjihhobhIi 1940: 
80). JXopw b cnoMeHHTe Ha CTe6jieBiaHH caMHaT nerBK e HapeieH JIa3apHHa: „ne 
nemoK nped BenuKden, eden nemoK no-nanped e JIa3apuua. " ni Ohcbhjtho o6pe/j- 



124 3a EjiaroBei; cpeji MiocioJiMaHHTe ot Peica h dpy>KKH JJ,phmkoji b>k. h JiHMaHOCKH 
1993:331. 

125 Mmpe PaHKo, 19.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBo. 

126 Mmpe PafiKo, 19.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBo. 

127 MHTpe PaHKo, 19.06.2007, c. Ore6jieBo. 

40 



Hocrra Ha JIa3apjma HMa CBoaTa BapnanraocT, rtfi KaTO HanpHMep, b Tpe6nina ca 
jia3apyBanH MiocioJiMaHCKH MOMnneTa h He caMO b cbocto c&jio, ho h b cbcepjane 
THHeeH h KneHbe, b rojio6i>p/iCKOTO ce.no ,H,>KenHina, ocTaHajio b P MaKe/jOHna, ca 
xo^ejiH caMO „Mna,p,wHu,w" (Bm. Hobkobckh 2006: 132), a b Cre6jieBO ca xo/jejin 
ctino caMO MOMneTa h He caMO no xpncTnaHCKn kbiuh, KaKTO nniue Ohjihhobhh, 
a h b MiocioJiMaHCKH: „Bo ceeKOH KyKH, u nuua. M MycnuMancKa u um daeam. 3a 
depemm. " m .ZJapefflrre ainja o6hkhobcho ce 6oa/niCBar 3a BejiHK/jeH. 

3a U,BeTHHUH (Bxofl TocnofleH b HepycajiHM, He/jejiaTa npe/jn BejiHK/jeH, 
U,BeTHHHa) He e ctxpaHeH cnoMeH 3a HaKaKBH npaKTHKH. Eahhctbchoto, KoeTO 
ce npa3HyBa, e „ na L(eemHutfu neKou, w,o ujua ujue, My oduui da My nuew paKiix, 
na emuma, na dpyzo neMa tuo... " 1M M. Ohjihhobhh cnoMeHaBa, ne Ha UxseTHnna, 
KaKTO h Ha EjraroBemeHHe, ce a/je pn6a - 3a nejrra b HanajioTO Ha BeKa etc cyraeHa 
pn6a ca ce CHa6/uiBajiH ot CoiiyH (®HJinnoBnn 1940: 80). 

IiOflroTOBKara 3a BeJiHKfleH (Bt3KpeceHHe Xphctobo) 3anoHBa Ha B&jihkh tot- 
BtpTtK, Koraro ce „earmeam" afinara b 3a,rhJi>KHTejieH nepBeH hbst - „KT>pema 
Pucmocoea" h ce nocTaBa „nomKa" ot /ipaH h KyicypaK Ha Kbinara. B 6jih3koto 
MHHano 6oaTa e c eerecTBeH npoH3xofl: „Eoh ce npaeu u om euno - u^p-beena 6oh, 
ce npau, aMa cmapo euno da e, Ke ocmanu na dpeeo, u ma 6oh e, dwea om euno, 
Ke ocmane, mpu zodunu euno, nemupu zodunu e cedeno em>mpe, Ke ocmanu, om 
men eanueam, cm-bpotcem zo, ufo Ke ocmane u me 6oh e, ceza 6onma h KynuM, " 130 
ITbpBOTO 6ofl/nicaHO afine ce 3ana3Ba h c Hero ce H3BT>pmBaT onpe/jejieHH /jeficT- 
BHa - M. OnjiHnoBHH nniue, ne ntpBHre afiHa ce xBtpjiaT no hhbhtc Ha TeprbOB- 
fleH (OHJinnoBnh 1940: 81), a no HHcJjopManna ot c. CtcGjicbo, ntpBOTO afine ot 
Bcjihkh neTBtpTLK ce ctxpaHaBa n KoraTO Bann rpafl, ce ocTaBa HaBtH - „iua 
npeKune ". 

BejiHKH nerbK e „nau-zojieM den, 30ujo eemme na BenuKu nemoK ne mpeda da 
pa6omuui nuKaKeama padoma, nau-zoneM den" 131 , Ha T03H p,ea flopn MiocioJiMa- 
HHTe He pa6oTaT. Jlpyro o6pe/jHO /jeficTBne, H3Bi>pniBaHO ot xpncTHaHnre, e o6pt- 
maHeTO Ha orae/iajiOTO - „ zjiedanKana h ei>pmuMe huhkom, da ne ce eudu, ufo e", 
KoeTO 6n Morao jya. ce CBtp^Ke c norpe6ajiHara h noMemia npaKTHKa 3a noKpnBaHe 
Ha orjie/jajiOTO CJiefl CMtpT b KbinaTa, no3HaTa Ha flpyrn MecTa ot 6i>JirapcKaTa 
eTHHnecKa TepnTopna. B ci>6oTa ce npnroTBa Tpane3aTa 3a BejinK/jeH - „Hdeme, 
nueme, Meca, padomu, Meco Ke kojiuiu, Ma3Huuu Ke npaum ". 06hkhobcho 3a to3h 
npa3HHK ce kojih ame. IIoceinaBaHeTe Ha nepKBa, cnopea MnTpe PafiKO, b c. CtcG- 
jicbo He e b ci>6oTa BenepTa, a b He/jejia cyrpnH - OTHBaiu „da ce npeKp-bcmuw, 



128 MHTpe h Mapna PafiKO, 19.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

129 MHTpe PafiKO, 19.06.2007, c. CTe6neBo. 

130 MHTpe PafiKO, 19.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBo. 

131 MHTpe PafiKO, 19.06.2007, c. Cre6jieBO. 



41 



da ce npimecmuw, (...) HocuMe nuua u Meneajue, mu Ke mu dadeui Mene, h m 
mu dadaM mede. " 132 OeraBfl ce afiiie h 3a qepKBara. IIo OTHOineHHe Ha Bpt3KaTa 
Meatfly JIcthhk h BejimtfleH Y. BjiaroeB rorbKBa, ne OTKpHBaHeTO Ha ejieMenrH ot 
BejiHKfleHCKaTa (a h Ha flpyrn nponeTHH npa3HHHn) o6peflHOCT b JleTHHK e pe3yn- 
TaT ot npneMaHeTO Ha HCJiaMa h Heo6xoflHMOCTTa ot npeHacaHeTO Ha npaitTHKH 
KtM flpyr npa3HHK, KaKbBTO e hmchho JleTHHK h npeBptmaHeTO My b CBoeo6pa3eH 
HeHTtp Ha HOBOH3rpa)KflaH],Ha ce „HapofleH MiocioJiMaHCKH KajieHflap" (BjiaroeB 
1999: 105). 

riopreeaeH (Cb. TeoprH IIo6eflOHOceH, 06.05., TeprbOBfleH) e cpefl Hafi-3HaHH- 
MHTe npa3HHHH 3a 6i>JirapHTe b Tojio Etpflo - npa3HyBa ce h ot xphcthshh, h ot 
MiocKwiMaHH. B cejiara, hhhto ccjihihhh xpaMOBe hocat hmcto Ha cb. TeoprH, ce 
npaBH o6iHOcejiCKH npa3HHK, nocemaBaH ot cbceflHH cejia (KaKTO TOBa ce OTHaca 
h 3a flpyrn npa3HHHH Ha ccjihiuhh xpaMOBe b pernoHa). TaKaBa e npaKTHKaTa b 
c. BopMHHa: „Ha TrnpzwedeH nzne KOJiwue, Mue cejio name zo npau rwpzboe- 
den - ude na zocmu, kh udem Kau hcimu dpyzume Hatuu, km zu nazocmuM, udewe 
memKume mou, eyuKoeu mou, 6pamn, cecmpu, Ke ude na zocmu, cenoeo name zo 
npaeuie, rwpzboeden zo npaeuie, Kypce Meanden, Ceemu Moean zu npaeea Ylacun- 
ku, kh udejite memo Kau humu, koko cena... Kpucmuxnuu, a na mun Ke doiidam na 
rwpzboeden Kau naMU. " 133 KojieHeTO Ha arae b hskoh cjiynan ce Bi>3npHeMa Karo 
Kyp6aH, b flpyrn He, OT6ejia3Ba Y. BjiaroeB. Ton flonycKa, ne nopaflH BJinaHHeTO Ha 
HCJiaMa, THnHHHHHT 3a xpHCTHHHCKara TpaflHHHa ^KepTBeH o6pefl e c HeacHH na- 
paMeTpn b to3h perHOH h ne Kyp6am>T Ha TeprbOBfleH e H3MecTeH ot >KepTBeHHa 
o6pefl Ha Kyp6aH BafipaM (BjiaroeB 1999: 106-107). 

B c. Cre6jieBO xopaTa ce ctGnpaT Ha o6pohhoto Macro „BaKycp", b MecTHOCT- 
Ta „ Cenuuje", KtfleTO HMa CTap fli>6 h H3Bopn. CejiCKara o6ihhoct noHHTa macto- 
to KaTO CBemeHO o6peflHO npocTpaHCTBo: „...Hanped BaKocp hu e dudeno co dpeeu 
zoiieMU KaKo opecu, ce ujua onde dpeeu, ne odeuie noeeK da hocu edno mpecne u 
onde na BaKocp, ne odeuie noeeK, da cu 6e3 di>pea... da neMaut da ce ozpuui, maju 
ue odeejue da 3eMajue... " 1M Ha caMHa fleH npeflH rorpeB oirtHHe caMO meHw — Mjia- 
flH momh h HeBecTH xoflflT „ nampeea " Ha BaKycJo 135 - „ odeejue neozpenno conue da 
cu u3MueMe na eodana, zo UMae/ue Hue, MJiade neeecme, MyMUHKu - men Ke odea, 
naympo ma/vio Ke ce usMueeMe u om ma/uo, od oede do manio - co nec/vie, om ma/uo 



132 Mmpe PafiKO, 19.06.2007, c. Cre6jieBO. 

133 Cnnpo MapKy, 05.06.2008, c. BopMima. 

134 PaiJiMHe ABflHy, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

135 BaKtiJ) hjih BaKy<J> (Typ. vakif) e hczibidkhm hjih zipyr peflOBeH floxofl b OcMaHCKaTa 
HMnepHH h flpyrii hcjmmckh CTpaHH, qacT ot kohto OTHBa 3a H3flpi>>KKa Ha onpeflejieHa 
MiocioJiMaHCKa pejiHrH03Ha HHCTHTyuHa. Baia>c|)HTe ca HeoTny>KflaeMH no MiocioJiMaHCKO- 
to npaBO. B ci>BpeMeHHHa TypcKH e3HK BaKi>(J) 03HanaBa „6jiaroTBopHTejiHa (JiOHflauHa". 

42 



do do/ua - co CKaKame, co necjue udeejue dojua, udeejue dojua deanaece caamom 
udeejue, da pynajue udeejue co necjueme, necjueme HauiencKu, " li6 

3a oGpeflHara npaKTHKa - 6paHe npe/jH H3rpeB Ha reprbOBCKO 6wne, cnoMe- 
HaBa h M. Ohjihiiobhh (OhuhhobhIi 1940: 80). Mna/niTe }kchh ot pa3JiHHHHTe 
MaxajiH flopii ce ebpeBHOBaBar „ kou kh U3jie3um no-nanped u npaeejue co Maajiu, 
Kon /uaajia kh usjiesum n-bpea, sa da neum, ce depeejue na edno zyjuHo lil , zyju- 
ho, ce 6epee/ue ma/uo, ceeme odjienenu - neeecme, juyjuuHKe, odjienene eo pyea, 
neu nec/ue, uzpaii... " 138 Ha H3Bopa ce hocat uBeTa, HaGpami no m>Ta, ocTaBaT 
ce flpexH, pa3nynBa ce xna6 3a 3/ipaBe, a 3a >KeHH, kohto He ca moejih /ja /joS/jar 
(o6hkhob6ho 3a poflHJiKH j\o 40-THa p,en, HapHnaHH TyK „jieyHKu"), ce B3eMa h ce 
hoch BOfla. BtB BceKH 30M no-Bi>3pacTHHTe )KeHH npnroTBaT 6aHHHH, „ 6ypen " 139 , 
c kohto nocpemaT MJia/jHTe >kchh Ha o6ajj. IIpa3HyBaHeTO Ha o6poHHOTO MacTO 
BaKycj) npofltJDKaBa p,o o6a/j c necHH h xopa, ho KaKTO Bene 6e OT6ejia3aHO, b Hero 
ynacTBaT caMO }kchh. BtB Bt3CTaHOBeHHa cnep, 1991 r. TeprbOBfleH b aocTa no-Ma- 
coboto npa3HyBaHe (npHCbe/niHaBar ce MHrpnpajiHTe b rpa/jOBeTe CTe6jieBHaHH) 

Ce BKJHOHBaT H MDKe. TOBa B H3BeCTCH CMHCbJI npOTHBOpeHH Ha TpaflHHHOHHHTe 

npe^CTaBH: „)KeHe, jwene, cade otcene, juaotce ne, ceza odam juaotce, ceza eudaju 
Maotcu u Mene mu ude nydo 140 ... " Ul 

Bcmhhoct HBeTeTO, icoeTO >KeHHTe 6epaT Hafi-MHoro, KoraTO xo/jaT „nampe- 
ea", e KyxypaK, Kaicro h TpeBaTa „MjieKapuija" - „cmoKama da cnenenum Mac 142 
noeeKbe om maa mpeea " Ui , 3amoTO ce BapBa, ne Ha TeprbOBfleH c pa33ejieHaBaHe- 
to „HflBa MJiaKOTo". 3aroBa h, KaKTO ctoGmaBa T. EnaroeB, paHO cyTpHHTa ce H3- 
BOR/jar ^KHBOTHHTe Ha nama, a Ha Tpane3ara ce cjiara MJiaico h npacHO H36nTa H3- 
Bapa (BjiaroeB 1999: 106). IJeHTpajiHO MacTO b reprbOB/jeHCicaTa o6peflHOCT 3aeMa 
ApaHtT - 6epar ce ntnicH h ce HOcaT Ha /jOMaumHTe - rbjrrar ce, „ da cu hko koko 
dpen ". Ba^KeH pHryajieH momcht e cnoMeHaTOTO (b^b Bp'bsica c JIcthhk) „ nomne- 
Hbe " h ponaTa Ha T.Hap. „ nontKu ". B H3ane/niaHeTO ch Ha cnaBaHCKOTO HaccneHHe 
b Aji6aHHa M. A. CejinmeB yeraHOBaBa, ne jxymKia. potke b aji6aHCKHa e3HK HMa 
CJiaBaHCKH npoH3xofl h ot cp'bOcKO-HepHoropcKH 03HanaBa norpaHHneH KawbK Ha 



136 Paij)MHe Abahy, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

137 TyMHO huh xapiviaH e mscto, K-b^eTO ce e Btpmano mchtoto. 

138 Ca^eTe nnpyuiH, 10.06.2008, rp. Cocjma. 

139 BypeK (6iopeK, 6i>opeK) - Tpa^HHHOHeH bh^i TecTeHO acrae ot TO^eHH Kopii c pa3HHHHH 
nutHKH (nozio6HO Ha Gamma), no3HaTO no 3eMHTe, BHH3anH b ci>CTaBa Ha OcMaHCKaTa 
HMnepHH. 

140 CTpaHHO 

141 PacJ)MHe AB;niy, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

142 Macno 

143 BaMpaM By3HOB, 03.04.2008, rp. JIypi>c (flpan). 



43 



3eMeH ynacrbic, ho aBToptT CMHTa, ne 6tJirapcKOTO ctOTBeTCTBHe ^ontJiBa 6n- 
toboto 3HaqeHHe Ha TOBa OTrpaHHnaBaHe h cmhcmtbt My e 3aroBop, Marnqecico 
fleficTBHe npoTHB HemacTHe (CejimneB 1931: 182). KaTO „nomHeHbe" b CreGjie- 
bo flecjjHHHpaxa hmchho TaKHBa anoTponenHn hjih ocnrypaBainn nno/iopo/nie h 
Gjiaronojiynne /jencTBHa Ha TeprbOBfleH - pe/jeHe Ha „ KyKypiju co cee Kopene " h 
„dpenou pa3i{ymeHu" okojio „nmuHom" (cbp, 3a 6neHe Ha Macjio), „3a da wuam 
cee Jibemo, da ujuam MJibeKo, da UMam Mac, cupeme " U4 , Kaicro h nocTaBaHe ot 
HBeTOBeTe, Kyicypaica h /jpaHa Ha BtHinHara Bpara Ha Ktinara. „IJomHeHbemo" 
BKJHOHBa h jieneHe b flOMa h Ha BparHTe Ha „eou{etj" - „3houiu mu eonjetj, eoiqeif 
e ohm, tqo usjiazam om juedon Koza ao muiuHum u edno, ujo ce Jienum omsadu... ", 
a TOBa ce npaBH „da UMam ydauna cee Jibemo". „Bou\eu," ce Jienn h Ha „nemjiu- 
liume" (HJiHHHTe) Ha BcaKO j\qtq ot Ktinara othobo 3a 3/ipaBe h c flo6pn 6jiarono- 
^KejiaHHa. 

Ha CnacoeaeH (Bi>3HeceHHe TocnoflHe, 40 /jhh anea BejiHK/jeH, CnacoB/jeH) 
jihthhho raecTBHe o6nKajia HHBHTe h Ha xpncTHaHH, h Ha MiocioJiMaHH. Co6cTBe- 

HHHHTe H3JIH3aT Ha HHBHTe CH H OHaKBaT HieCTBHCTO, KaTO CBemeHHICBT npOHHTa 

MOJiHTBa 3a BceKH. ynacTHHHHTe b rpynara ca nocpeinaHH bi>b bcckh j\om c Tpane- 
3a. Ha Ta3H Tpane3a, cnope/i M. Ohjihhobhh, 3afli>ji>KHTejiHO npncbCTBa „oiuj\ia- 
pa" (Kama) (OnjiHnoBHn 1940: 71). B CreGjieBO e pa3npocTpaHeHO cxBainaHeTO, 
ne ot BejiHKH neTB-bpTtK 30 CnacoB^eH ce/jeM neTBtpTbica He Tpa6Ba /ja ce pa6oTH 
nojiCKa pa6oTa no HHBHTe, tbh KaTO TOBa e npe/nia3Ha npaKTHKa npoTHB rpa/jym- 
Ka. 

CnoMeH 3a npa3HyBaHeTO Ha EHboeaeH (Po>K/iecTBO Ha cb. HoaH KptCTHTen, 
24.06., EHbOB/jeH) b npoynBaHHTe cena nonTH He ce e cbxpaHHJi. M. Ohjihhobhh 
ny6jiHKyBa CBe/jeHHa 3a noKJiOHHHHecTBO Ha ^khtcjih - npaBOCJiaBHH h miocioji- 
MaHH - ot rojioGtpflCKHTe cena CreOjieBO, rnHeBen, KneHbe, BopoBO, OKiHTyH h 
3a63yH b MaHaerapa cb. HoBaH Bjia^HMHp Kpafi Eji6acaH Ha 24 iohh. MaHacTH- 
ptT ce CMaTa 3a nyroTBopeH, tbh KaTO HCTopnaTa 3a cb3,gaBaHeTO My cbjxbpma 
Hy^ecHH eneMeHTH. Cb. HoBaH B3eMa OTceneHara ch rjiaBa b ptxa h c Hea OTHBa 
30 MacTOTO, Kt^eTO HaMHpa CMtprra ch h icb/jeTO e MaHacraptx CBeineffliaT fli>6, 
kohto ce HaMHpaji TaM, My ce noioiaHa. Cnope/i M. Ohjihhobhh, bt>b (Jjojikjiophh- 
Te HapaTHBH ce roBopn ome, ne no BpeMe Ha CBeTOBHaTa BOHHa (BepoaTHO HMa 
npeflBHfl HbpBara CBeTOBHa BOHHa) HTajinaHnnre npaBaT onHT #a OTHecaT KHBOTa 
Ha cb. Bjia/niMHp, ho He MoraT flopn #a ro noB/jHraar. Mothb-bt 3a jieTaina raaBa 
Ha CBeTen, HHTepnpeTHpaH ot P. ManneB KaTO „HanHH 3a npeHacaHe Ha CBaTOCT", 
ycTOHHHBO npncbCTBa b 6ajncaHCKOTO KymypHO npocTpaHCTBO b pa3JinnHn Bapn- 
aHTH (Bac. ManneB 2000; ManneB 2001; .ZJnMHTpoBa 2008). 



1 Ca/jeTe IlHpyiiiH, 10.06.2008, Co(J)Ha. 

44 



HnrepecHa e HH^opMaiiiiaTa ot c. CreGjieBO no OTHOiueHHe Ha Ha30BaBaHeTO 
h Bt3npHeMaHeTO Ha 22 iohh - ,,/JeuecKa e KyunoKc, KyunoKc e eopmum ce Kyu 
3UMa, denec BopmyjiyM ce euKa, KyunoKc. Ce Kycu denom, kh 3ejua HOKbea. " us 
Chmctphhho Ha 22 /jeiceMBpH, Koraro e HaH-fltJirara hoih h ot to3h fleH HararbK 
3anoHBa yBejinnaBaHeTO Ha fleHa, T.e. Btp™ ce kt.m jisto, 22 iohh npeflCTaBJiaBa 
BtpTeHeTO KtM 3HMa - HaH-fltJirnaT fleH 3anoHBa fla HaManaBa 3a CMeTKa Ha ho- 
iHTa. CpaBHeHHeTO, kocto H3noji3Bar mccthhtc xopa, 3a fla HJHOCTpnpaT (jjHKcnpa- 
HOCTTa Ha cbOTHoraeHHeTO Meatfly fleHa h HOiHTa, npeflH fla 3anoHHe npoMHHara, 
e „ denoe u HOKtma cedom na edno Mecmo, Ka nujieno eo auueno Koza ceum, hu 
3UMam, hu Kycum. " l46 

IleTpoBaeH (Cb. anocTOJiH IleTBp h IlaBeji, 29.06./12.07., IleTpoBfleH) ce 
CBtp3Ba c npeflxoatflamHfl ro IleTpoB nocT (cnopefl rojioGtpflHH c npofltJiatHTeji- 
hoct okojio 3 ceflMHHn), 3aBtpniBaiH c npa3HHKa, Ha kohto 3aflt.ji>KHTejiHO ce kojih 
KOKoniKa hjih no-eflpo >khbotho. BapBa ce, ne flo IleTpoBfleH ce nycxaT nnejiHTe, 
3a fla ce flenaT KoraepHTe. 

HjiaraeH (Cb. npopoK Hjina, 20.07./02.08., HjiHHfleH) ce npa3HyBa Ha 2 aBrycT, 
CMATa ce, ne TOBa e „ cmped nemo " h cjiefl HjinrfleH nTHHHTe OTJinrar Ha ror - „ nu- 
neHO 6eza dy na Hnuzden ". Ha cb. Hnna e xpaMOBHaT npa3HHK Ha c. THHeeH (flHec 
Ham>jiHO o6e3JHOfleHo) - „ Ce codupam 6ymapuee na ceemu Hjiux eo runeeeu, 
cejio, na Ceemu Mnun ce codupam maMO co opmcmpu, co cee. (...) umci ifbpme eo 
dee cejia no uac, ujua ijT>pKoe, ce 6epem Jimdu.. " U1 . B 6jih3koto MHHajio npa3HHKBT 
e nocemaBaH ot xphcthshh h MiocKwiMaHH ot Henna pernoH Tojio Etpflo. 

J\o HjinrfleH ce ctGnpa „ dyjibjuem " - mjisko ot obhctc, 6ne ce Mac.no, npaBH ce 
cnpeHe h KaiHKaBan, 3a fla ce njiarn Ha HOBeita, kohto th nace ot TeprbOBfleH. A ot 
HjinrfleH flo Eopoiiua (YcneHne Ha IIpecBeTa BoropoflHHa 15.08./28.08., TojiflMa 
BoropoflHHa) ce ctGnpa mjisko 3a ce6e ch, „ om moza eeme Kycum oeu,ume mjicko. 
Kpaii, Kpaii, neMa eene noeene. " 148 Gnefl BoropoflHHa ce noflroTBs ceHT6aTa 3a 
CJieflBamaTa roflHHa. 

MiocioJiMaHCKHHT iipajHiineH KajieHflap o6xBama PaMa3aH Eaiipaiu, Kyp- 
6aH Baflpaivi h Heepy3. B o6mHOCTTa Ha OtJirapnTe ot Tojio Btpflo flBaTa Bafi- 
paMa ca no3HaTH KaTO ToneM h Man(u) EaupaM, CBOTBeTHO PaMa3aH BaMpaM h 
Kyp6aH BafipaM (3a c. TpeGnma rn OT6ejifl3Ba h T. HpHeBa, btk. HpHeBa 2001: 13), 
KaTO „enuom 6eme nemupu dnu, enuom 6eme mpu duu" 149 . PaMa3aH EanpaMT>T 
e npeflmecTBaH ot eflHOMeceneH nocT h mojihtbh. 3a to3h fleH ce KynyBaT hobh 



145 <I>aTHMe Tpyfla, 22.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

146 <I>aTHMe Tpyfla, 22.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

147 <I>aTHMe Tpyfla, 22.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

148 <J>aTHMe Tpyfla, 22.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

149 PacJMHe ABflHy, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 



45 



flpexH, npiiroTBaT ce Ma3HHHH h 6aiaiaBH h „ kh ce 6epeej\ie nocjie de Kau emiom, 
de Kau dpyzuom. Pynemm zo ndaejue cajuu, ceemu caMU dojua u nocjie kh ode- 
6Me, ce 6epeeMe Kau enuom, Kau dpyzuom, km odeejue Kau ceuom <puc 150 , ceama 
Maana kh npaeeMe eu3ume lsl , km odeejue, kh udue, kh ce Meuiae nwdume. Mjuauie 
ena jiunnomuH. " 152 ripa3HHKT>T ce cno/jejia h c xpHcraaHHTe, Kaicro Te cno/jejiaT 
BejiHR^eH c MiocioJiMaHHTe - pa3/jaBaT ce npHroTBeHHTe 3a PaMa3aH EaMpaM „ ko- 
jimuHH lsi co ajiea" - „m yjuecuw mjiane, Jiedne, mm Majio Jiedne, ManeijKo... My 
pedeeMe ajiea (...) Tlenu 6paumo, co Mac Ke h usneneui dpaumo, utemp u eoda 
nocne, Ke h useapeuie, kh ce nanpau, u 6ena ne e, u UT>pna ne e, da h usnenem co 
Mepa, ifbpeeua. " 154 TaicaBa xajiBa npnroTBaT h xpHcraaHHTe 3a cboh npa3HHHH. 

3a Kyp6aH EafipaM GtJirapHTe MiocioJiMaHH b Tojio Etpjio npHHacaT b >icepTBa 
OBeH hjih OBija - „ Kyjibdan ", 3a Jia ocnrypaT 6jiaronojiyHHe 3a ceMeficTBaTa ch. 
Ot KptBTa Ha >khbothoto ce anara nepBeHa TOHica Btpxy Hejiara Ha /jeHara, 3a- 
na3BaT ce porara, ti>h KaTO ce BapBa, ne Te HMaT anoTponefiHa (jjyHKHHa 3a /jOMa 
(BjiaroeB 1999: 108-109). Pa3/iejraHeTO Ha MecoTO e Ha /Hie qacra - e^Ha 3a ac-Ma 
h flOMauiHHTe (/jacHara) h earn 3a Ge^HHTe, kocto, Kaicro OT6ejia3Ba Y. BjiaroeB, 
He e cnopefl KJiacHHedcara HCJiaMCica Tpa/jHHHa, kosto noBejiaBa pa3/iejiaHe Ha 
Tpn nacTH - 3a 6ejiHHTe, 3a po/jHHHHTe h 3a ceMeficTBOTO (BjiaroeB 1999: 109). 
ABToptT CHHTa, ne TOBa e HapoflHO TtJiKyBaHe Ha HCJiaMCKHa KaHOH. H ome e/jHa 
pa3JiHKa OTKpHBa r. BjiaroeB - b KJiacHnecKHTe hcjiamckh BapBaHHa GafipaMCicHaT 
Kyp6aH nrpae pojia Ha BO/jan Ha jryuiHTe b CtflHHa /jeH, /jOKaro npn GtJirapHre 
MiocioJiMaHH b Tojio Etp/jo TOBa no-CKopo e opneHTHpaHO icbm 3eMHHa >khbot, 3a 
ocnrypaBaHe Ha 3/ipaBe h 6jiaronojiyHHe Ha ccmchctboto h flOMa b to3h >khbot, a 
He b OTBt/HTHa (BjiaroeB 1999: 109). 

3a nporoxo/ja hjih pejinro3HHa xapaKTep Ha Heepy3 GtJirapHre MiocioJiMaHH 
He pa3nojiaraT c noHTH HHKaKBH 3HaHHa. IIpa3HyBa ce 12 jthh one/i JIcthhk (Ha 
12 hjih Ha 25 MapT), no/jo6HO Ha TeprbOBfleH caMO ot >kchh - „Mue oede, e cejio, 
ce cdepeeMe ceeme, e Heme Mecmo, e nem nadume, Ke uzpaeMe, Ke neeeMe, (pe- 
cma UMame. " 155 Xopara, kohto ce nrpaaT, ca „Ha neceH", HaMaT HHCTpyMeHTajieH 
CbnpoBOfl. Thhhhho 3a npa3HyBaHeTO Ha HeBpy3 156 e npHroTBaHeTO Hafi-HecTO Ha 



150 poji 
] 

152 CajieTe nnpyiuH, 10.06.2008, c. Co(J)Ha. 

153 KojianHHH, KcmauH - MajiKH o6pejjHH xjie6neTa (b hakoh cjiynaii bt>b (JiopiviaTa Ha reB- 
peK). 

154 PaiJiMHe AB^ny, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

155 PaiJiMHe AB^ny, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

156 IIpa3HHKi>T HeBpy3 (Nawrflz - nepc. „hob jjeH") ce qecTBa b jjeHa Ha npojieTHOTO paB- 
HOjjeHCTBHe, KoraTO e HanajiOTO Ha nepcnMcKaTa HOBa roziHHa (npneTa KaTO rpa>imaHCKH 

46 



„KOMam co Konpuea" hjih „co micemua, co KOMnupe, nepa om KpoMud, umaea, 
kciko um euKcuue one 3ejieHnyuuee. (...) M npaujue co seiibe. " 1S1 HnrepecHO e, ne 
ro npa3HyBaT h MiocKMMaHH, h xphcthshh, ho cpep, MiocioJiMaHHTe enH30/niHHO 
ce cpema 3HaHHe 3a GeicraiHHHCKHa npoH3xofl Ha npa3HHKa: „Heepy3 e om 6eK- 
maiuuHume, so npaujue u Mue, MycjiuManu iqo cmc M mue ce MycjiuManu, myKy... 
Kan ce Kaotcee, dpyza, dpyza ... deKtnawuH. " 158 A Ha Btnpoca jxajin Te ca GeicraiHH, 
OTroBoptT e „He, ho ro npaBHM". BepoaTHO npoH3xojx>T Ha npa3HHKa ce KopeHH b 
e^HH 3HaHHTejiHO no-paHeH eTan ot HCTopnaTa Ha pernoHa, a h Ha o6m,HOCTTa. 

2. CeMeima oGpeaHocT 

B to3h jtaji Ha TeKCTa me ce onnniaT c pa3JiHHHa ereneH Ha jxeTafijiHOCT pasK- 
aaHe h poin.Tiia o6pe,HHOCT, ceaTSa h norpeGajmii h noivieHHii npakniKii b 

6tJirapcKHTe rojioGtpACKH c&na (Btpxy MarepHanH ot c. CreGjieBO h c. KneHbe). 

IIo HH(j)opMaHHa ot c. CreOjieBO 6peMeHHOCTTa Ha aceHara He ce acjjHiuHpa: 
„ CKpumno oda h, ne My Ka36dM.... ne 3Hanm mue com mpydna... ", nojiarar ce ycn- 
jiHH 3a He ce pa3no3HaBa h to3h (jjaicr ce npHKpHBa jrppn ot po/nrrejiHTe: „MauKa 
mu Mene ne ey3Hajia ko cyM mpydna. ...poduna demeno... h ce cmeznecp... He 3uae- 
me maa... „Bt>jk ne udeui, Mopu - pene - no-necmo? '" (nHras MaHKafi). HpeKocp: 
„KaKo da uda ... om ceeKop mu om ceeKopea mu... " 159 Cnopefl npaBHJiara Ha Tpa- 
AHHHOHHaTa KyjiTypa, 6peMeHHara >KeHa He xojth Ha norpe6eHHe. 

PaacaaHeTO o6hkhobcho CTaBa y /jOMa c noMOiHTa Ha CBeKtpBa, ertpBa hjih 
Ha no-Bema >KeHa ot c&noTO h hmchho Ta3H )KeHa Bpi>3Ba ntna Ha jxeTeTO c kohch. 
ritpBOTO KtnaHe Ha /jeTeTO ce H3BtpHiBa ot CBeKT>pBaTa. Cnep, TOBa Ha nocemeHHe 
HflBaT 6jiH3KHTe Ha poflHJiKaTa: „ kr doeme MauKa mu... u 6a6o mu, dpana mu, uden 
ceume, koko He?!" 160 

Jlpa MeceHa cnep, pa>KJxaHeTO po/nuiicaTa He nepe, Maicap ne b CreGjieBO ta ce 
CHHTa 3a HenncTa 3 ceiTMHHH cnep, pa^KJxaHeTO - Ta3H npejiCTaBa ce cpema y mk>- 

npa3HHK npe3 1 1 b.) IIpa3HyBa ce ot TiopKCKHre Hapo/iH b LfeHTpanHa A3ha, b TypuHfl, 
b KaBKa3KO-KacnHHCKH>i perHOH, a d>mp h b Ejihskha h3tok. Chmboji e Ha Bi>3pa>KziaHe- 
to Ha npnpoziaTa h nno^opo^HeTO. Ton e cpep HaM-Ba>KHHTe penHrH03HH npa3HHHH Ha 
aneBHTCKaTa o6ihhoct b TypuHfl h b .zjpyrn CTpaHH, ho necTBaHeTO My HMa pernoHanHH 
h eTHH^ecKH oco6eHOCTH. B EturapHa 6tnrapH MiocioJiMaHH, Typun cyHHTH h ihhhth, 
TaTapn OT6enH3BaT HananoTO Ha nponeTra c npa3HHHHTe HeBpy3 (HH(J>py3, HaBpe3), MapT 
ziOKy3y, Ki>pKHH6yK, KJbpKJiap - o6hkhob6ho Ha 9 hjih 21-22 MapT, ho h Ha jjpyrii 6jih3kh 
parn, HanpHMep 25 hjih 27 MapT (B>k. Eoa^acHeBa, jTIeTKOBa 2003 h hht. jiht.) 

157 CajjeTe nnpyuin, 10.06.2008, rp. CoiJihji. 

158 CajjeTe nnpyniH, 10.06.2008, rp. Co(J)H5i. 

159 XaMH^a ABflna Thhh (JJ,>khhh), p. 1936 r. b c. CTe6jieBO, 6e3 o6pa30BaHHe, 3eMe^ejiHe, 
/lOMaKHHa; c. CTe6jieBO, 05.06.2006, 3an. M. CTaMeHOBa. 

160 XaMHzia ABjiaa Thhh (JJ,>khhh), 05.06.2006, c. Gre6jieBO. 

47 



CKMMaHHTe, a npii xpHcraaHHTe cpoKtT e 40 ahh. B rojioGtpflCKOTO c. ^atenHma 
(Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha P MaKeflOHHa) npn xpncTHaHHre ce BapBa, ne poflHJiKara He 
Tpa6Ba H3JiH3a ot flOMa 3,0 40 ahh, He Tpa6Ba hhiho 3a H3Haca h hhiho 3a flaBa 
Ha3aeM, 3a fla He h „H36ara" mjiskoto (Hobkobckh 2006: 125). KtpMeHeTO npofltJi- 
ma,Ba flo roflHHa (roflHHa h nojiOBHHa). 

M. Hobkobckh ctoGmaBa, ne npn MiociojrMaHHTe hmcto Ha fleTeTO ce flaBa Ha 
Tperaa fleH cnefl paatflaHeTO (BenepTa) b npncbCTBHeTO Ha xofl»ta, a cnefl eflHa ro- 
flHHa KaHaT KyMa Ha fleTeTO, kohto OTpa3Ba ot Kocara My. Ta3H Koca ce ctxpaHflBa 
ot MaiiKaTa (Hobkobckh 2006: 125). B c. CreGjieBO Kocara ce yBHBa b xapraa h 
ce CKpHBa b 3H^: „3aeueMe y Knuza u nuKnejue h maMO, da ne h za3u co nozu. " u1 
CTapHHHaTa HHHHHaHHOHHa npaKTHKa 3a OTpa3BaHe Ha Koca e no3HaTa h b flpyrn 
Kpanma Ha GturapcKara eTHHnecKa TepHTopna. B CreGjieBO flBa /jhh anefl paatfla- 
HeTO ce flaBa HMe Ha fleTeTO: „Koza cepodu, na dnu My so KjiadouMe UMemo, (...) ... 
3dKOMiMe azne... ce cdpae... ceenop mu UMaiue.... Jiwdu mou... " u2 3aiviecBa ce xjia6, 
kohto ce pa3nynBa Hafl maBara My npnroTBaT ce cuaflKH Hema. npn npoxoatflaHe- 
to Ha /jeTeTO ce npaBH othobo norana h romaBKa. 



CeaTGaTa npn 6tJirapHTe ot Tojio Etpflo ctfltpata bchhkh ejieMenrH Ha Tpa- 
AHHHOHHaTa 6tJirapcKa CBar6a (CpBH. ^Keacejib-KanHHaHHH 2008, HBaHOBa 1984). 
B OTHOCHTejiHO 3aTBopeHaTa o6ihhoct Ha rojioGtpflHH e HajiHHe cpaBHHTejmo 
CTpora peraaMeHTHpaHOCT Ha npaBHJiaTa h Bt3MO)KHOCTHTe 3a atemiTGa. Hanpn- 
Mep, no3BOJieHHeTO 3a 6paK Meatfly neTBtpTH 6paroBHeflH (flo TpeTH He e pa3pe- 
raeHo) e HMeHHO pe3yjrraT ot BtTpeumo-oGmHOCTHHa npnHHHn Ha eHfloraMHa, 
kohto (jjyHKHHOHHpa flopH Ha ccjihihho paBHHme: „ Om neme'bpma ynpeno Hue 
MooKeeMe u OKeneeMe... od enampe nampe ne mjiazaiue MyMumca u deme, neMauie 
da... myKy ce npaea, otcenenu Maotcene enampe enampe enampe. Bo ceno name. Om 
neme'bpmo eeue MOOKeui da ce OKeneui. " 163 flpyro CTporo npaBHJio e HeBt3MO>K- 
HOCTTa BflOBHH h BflOBHHH fla ce ateHaT/oMtatBar noBTopHo: „Kau nac Mcenama, 
Kon uyjupetue Maotcom, n eopseawe znaeama myKa, co pusama, dy nad eeotcdume, 
neMauie npeMootceano, neMauie da mpouiam nejind u da ce epaujam naK Kau 6a6o 
u Mama. Om cmapo so eenea, zo 3naM om cmapume, nauiama cmapuua eene oxe 
— MauKuno kr ceuui, Kae kh me cne3um Komom " lM . B cnyqaHre, Koraro ateHaTa e 



161 EcaT Thhh, 05.06.2008, c. CTe6jieBO. 

162 XaMHfla ABfliia Thhh (/],>khhh), 05.06.2006, c. Gre6neBO. 

163 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

164 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. TtuKyBaHeTO Ha Ta3H pennHKa e CBi>p3aHO 
c BOfleHeTO Ha HeBecTaTa Ha koh ki>m hobhh h aom, T.e. TaM, KifleTO a ocTaBH kohst - TaM 
e HenHHHT flOM (flopH h KoraTO mtj)ki>t h e noHHHan). 

48 



om,e TBtp/je MJia/ja h HflMa /jeiia, cjiqp, CMtpTTa Ha ctnpyra h e npneTO p,a ce H3na- 
Ka 6 Meceua, 3a p,a ce bh/jh p,aim me ce po/jH #eTe - „Ak ce podum nedo - neMam 
epaKHne eene. " Ako b to3h cpoK He ce po/ni j\qtq, H36optT /jajiH me ocTaHe b TOBa 
ceMeficTBO hjih me ce BtpHe npn po/jHrejiHTe ch, e HeHH: „IIIaum man camm da 
otcueeem eo man Kyxn, ne caKam da Meneem nwdu dpyzu, neMam kou da r u3(pojiu 
om KyKH nadeop. Km padomam co KyKnume nwdu, kh otcueum. M wwam ceeKop, 
UMam ceeKopea, wuam deeepu, imam nenndu om deeepma... Ka ujo Tocnod zo do- 
necu. (...) Ako caKa da ne otcueu ma myvia (...) ujo UMam Kymx UMaujuna, km dejium, 
kok ujo... no npaeo... kh seMum, ok camm maa da ce epaujam nasad Kau 6a6o u. 
(...) Pydama, iqo h UMam npaeeno, non khh sejwam nasad, nopcmenu, ujo ca zom- 
eenu 3a Hen, kh 3ej\ium nonoeunama no nex. " BptmafiicH ce b 6amHHHa ch aom, 
Ta Moace othobo fla ce omt>>kh, ho OTHomeHHaTa h etc ceMeficTBOTO Ha ntpBHa h 
ctnpyr ce npeKparaBar: „... Hue zo eumjue - men npuxmejiujuna pa3cunana. Tue 
neMam odenbe - udeme. " 165 

CBar6eHHTe o6pe/jHH /jeficTBHa npn GtJirapHre xpncTHaHH h MiocKraMami b 

TOJIO BtpflO Ca HfleHTHHHH HJIH HMaT MHHHMajIHH pa3JIHKH. KjHOHOBHTe pHTyajIHH 

MOMeHTH ca cbnpoBO^cflaHH ot CTporo o6peflHH necHH, H3ni>jiHaBaHH ot acemi, 
h (jjyHKHHOHHpajiH ctBceM flo CKopo, a b HaKOH cjiynan ctxpaHeHH flopn h jxhqc, 
BKJHOHHTejiHO h b rpa^CKH ycjiOBHa. IlapajiejiHO c aceHCKOTO o6pe/nro neeHe b 
Apyrn momchth ot pHTyana ynacTBaT h My3HKaHTH HHCTpyMeHrajiHCTH - mccthh 
HiiraHH, HapHnaHH „erionHH": „Hue UMaeMe mynanu, ceupanu (...) ezwnuume cen- 
cku. CeeKo ceno UMam UMano nuenume ezwnuu " U6 , b ycTOHHHBOTO ctHeTaHHe Ha 
jjBe CBnpKH (xe. 3ypHn) h jjBa TtnaHa. Baaoio e fla ce OT6ejieacH, ne My3HKaHTHre 
ca 6hjih e^HHCTBeHO HHraHH: „Tuh 6exa 3a My3UKa, hukou neMauie 3a My3UKa e 
nauta empana. " U1 

CBar6ara npn 6tJirapHTe ot c. KneHbe h c. CreGjieBO 3anoHBa bi>b btophhk 
(cpa/ja) c npecaBaHe Ha aoiTOTO, xo/jeHe Ha BO/jemiHa, kb/jcto ce mcjih acHTOTO, 
h 3aMecBaHeTO Ha o6peflHHre xjia6oBe BenepTa. Xo/jeHeTO Ha BO/jeHHHa e npn- 
JipyaceHO c neceH - Bac. „OgeTe co 3/ipaBbe, BoaeHHHapn, 6ara npnaTejiH" (N°13). 
Pa3rjieac3aHKH Tpa/nmnoHHara KynTypa ot rojioOtpflCKOTO ceno ^aceniima (/mec 
b P MaKeflOHHa), M. Hobkobckh cnoMeHaBa, ne no/jroTOBKara 3a CBar6ara 3anoHBa 
etc cbGnpaHe Ha fltpBa 3a neneHe Ha xjia6, nocjie^BaHO ot xo^eHe „na OKumo" , 
xe. >KHTOTO ce hoch Ha BOfleHHHa fla ce cmcjih (Hobkobckh 2006: 126). To3h, a h 
flpyrn HantJiHO HfleHTHHHH momchth b CBar6aTa Ha rojioGtpflCKHTe GtnrapcKH 
cejia ot flBeTe CTpaHH Ha /jHeiHHara aji6aHCKO-MaKeflOHCKa rpaHHHa, ca flOKa3aTeji- 
ctbo, ne pernoHBT e e^HHeH h no OTHoraeHne Ha Tpa^KHHOHHaTa o6pe/jHOCT. 



165 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04. 2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

166 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04. 2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

167 BanpaM Ey3HOB, 03.04.2008, rp. flypic (flpan). 



49 



IIocjieflBamoTO /jeficTBHe b cxeMaTa Ha CBar6eHHa pirryaji e 3aMecBaHeTO Ha 
xjia6oBeTe (BHHarn HeneTHO hhcjio -1,9, 1 1) - „ ...pedeejwe MOMime co Hec6T>pwe- 
ho us , deeome, kok zo euKame, da ne e cei>puieHuua, maa da Mecu, da nenu, dee- 
mpu, da Mecum nedou, mhozo, Ke fide ne6 napod, udeuie Maajiama... " 169 3aMecBa- 
HeTO e npHflpy>KeHO ot oGpe/nia neceH, rontJiHaBaHa ot }kchh - B>k. „3aMecHBMe 
jieGonre, an Haraa HeBecTo" (N°14). 

06peflHHTe xjia6oBe HaMar cneHHajma yicpaca 3a pa3JiHica ot noraiara, npn- 
roTBaHa b eb6oTa BeiepTa npe^H CBaT6aTa, KoaTO e „ mapena ". Te3H xjia6oBe „ eo 
emopnuK ce sajueceam, eo cpeda na ympo ce nenam, km udam HOKbma mue, eo 
cmpedama ce nenam, e nemepmoKom ce pasmypeam," 1 ™ „Pa3inypeaHemo" hjih 
„nodejibeaHemo" Ha xjia6oBeTe bcmhhoct e pa3/jaBaHe ot o6pe/jHHa xjia6 Ha 
6jih3kh poflHHHH h no6paTHMH hjih Ha xopaTa, kohto me ca „noMaraHH" Ha CBar- 
6aTa, Tbfi KaTO „ ue Jibed nenn om ceaeda ", ho h nopa/ni acHaTa (JjyHKHHa Ha TOBa 
fleficTBHe: „ ...km zo doneca y me6e, km cmaeuMe cocppama, na Jiedom, Ha cmpeda- 
ma om Jiedom Ke KjiaduMe cojib, mym km dejiwwe Jiedom usnojio, Kocanuife Jibedne 
km 3ejueui mu, ujo cu dojuaKUHM, Kocanuua 111 Jibedne km 3ejua m, km Kocna Jibed u 
cojib u km penuMe - ... 6nazu sdop. RuMe myKa ne6 u cojib, da so imaMe sdopom 
6jiaz... " 172 

B cpajia, HeTBtprBK h nerbK (hjih b HeTBtpTtK h neTtic) Benep ce nrpaaT „(pu- 
jibdotcaHU " - nrpa c nptCTeHH. Hrpae ce c fleceT nauin 3a Kacjoe - (JoHJib/picaHH, KaTO 
nofl ejjHa ot Tax ce cicpHBa nptCTeH h ce ra/jae Kt/je e: „Bo cmpeda naeenep mo- 
otcume ce 6epam, uzpaMm cpujibdotcaH. Co np-bcmenume. Bo neme-bpmoK naeenep 
naK otceuume neMm, Mootcume uzpaMm cpujibdotcaH, co nopcmenu. Bo nemoK naee- 
nep naK ce npaeu d^cyjudyc KaK u mypuu, kok u Kaypu - enaKeo, neMa denbeane 
miKamo noeKbe. " 17i 

HrpaTa Ha (jjHJibJx^caHH e CbnpoBOfleHa ot necHH: „H My nee nocne mil Ke zo 
naude n-bpcmenom. (...) M km neeeMeusa neeecmama- Koumu zo naude... " 174 B>k. 
„Koh th ro Kynn nopereHOT tboh, Mopn, nopereHOT tboh" (N°15), „Ke 6h CHHofiica 
Ha CBaB^a" (Nel6), ,J\QnowiQ 6ejiofi HtpBeHO, jpcairbM" (JVel7). Ta3H nrpa He e 
THnHHHO CBaT6eHO 3aHHMaHHe, Ta ce peajiH3npa h b Jipyr npa3HHHeH, KaKTO h bi>b 
BceKH^HeBeH, kohtckct b Aji6aHHa. 



168 J\& He e cro^eHO. „CBi>piiieHHua" - ro/ieHHua. 

169 XaTHji>Ke MypaTH, p. 1939 r. b c. CTe6jieBO, o6p. 3 otji., 3eMejiejiHe; 18.06.2007, c. 



CTe6jieBO, 3an. B. ToH^eBa, K. PaHroneB. 

170 BiiojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

171 3ajn>K 

172 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

173 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

174 BaMpaM By3HOB, 03.04.2008, rp. flyptc (flpan). 



50 



B cb6oTa cyTpHHTa ce kojih >khbothoto, kocto me ce npnroTBa: „ Ce Konum 
eojiou, no eepama, ujo cu mpedem me6e, KonbKy dyuia uMam dapanuut, km kojiuiu 
mejiifu, eoiia, oeuunx, KonbKy ujo mu mpedum, mu mpedane cmo KUJia Meco, mu 
mpedane deecma Kuna Meco..." 115 06hkhobcho Kara homoihhhhh ca ynacTBajiii 
t. Hap „u3Memmiu" - Kaicro OT6ejia3Ba h II. ,H, 0Ma3eT0B ; TOBa ca ebce/jH h 6jih3- 
kh poflHHHH, kohto BenepTa npe/jH CBaT6aTa npaBaT Beceji6a (,H,OMa3eTOB 1987: 
343). 

B ci>6oTa ce hoch o6a/j Ha My3HKaHTHTe h Ha npaKTHKa 3anoHBa tsxhoto ynac- 
Tne b CBaT6aTa: „...nocjieHina ce nocum pynemm na moncmume, Mue eenuMe xau 
Maiicmopume, Kaii ezwniiume, mue, tuo ujuam ceupKu u monanu, (...) kh odum kh 
3ej\ium monanume... " 176 B Henna pernoH (h TpaHcrpamiHHo) OHeBH/nro npaKTHica- 
Ta e e^Ha h ctma — b c. JJaceirama B ct6oTa okojio o6a/j n^Bar „TbnaHHTe", kohto 
npn nocpemaHeTO ce /japaBar (Hobkobckh 2006: 126). A b cbce^HHTe cena b 
CTpy>KKa o6mHHa >I6jiaHHHa, BopoBeH, JlaGyHHine h Okthch (P Maice/jOHna) My- 
3HKaHTHTe naBar cyTpHHTa, ho cbiho ce nocpemar h ce BoaaT b Kbinara, KtaeTO 
rn romaBaT (,H,OMa3eTOB 1987: 343). 

B onHcamieTO Ha TpaaHHHOHHara CBaT6a b aHenmara P MaKenoHHa ctGoTara 
e noconeH KaTO aeH, b kohto ce npnroTBa CBaT6eHOTO 3HaMe ()Ke>Kejib-KajiHHaHHH 
2008: 32). B 6i>JirapcKHTe cena b Tojio Etpao GafipaKBT ce „pedu" b neTBtpTtK 
hjih ci»6oTa b flOMa Ha momhcto. EafipaKrapaT e 6jiH3"bK poaHHHa Ha ceMeficTBOTO, 
Tpa6Ba aa e MJiano momhc c >khbh poaHT&nH. OTHBaHeTO 3a 6afipaKa ce Cbnpo- 
BTOK^a c My3HKa, Ttfi KaTO toh ce ctxpaHaBa b earn Ktma b cejiOTo: „EaiipaKom, 
UMame edna Kym, de odeuie eden 6aupaK eo Cmedneeo, 6aupaK, andancKuom 
6aupaK, odeejue mcuuo co mynanume, (...) sejueeMe daupamm, odeuie edno deme, 
edno MOMHe co daupamm, nau-nanped mou u ceume no nezo, mynanume mynam, 
mynam, dojua, Kaii Mojunemo. " 177 ToBa, ne 3a 6afipaK ce ynoTpe6aBa aji6aHCKHaT 
HaHHOHajieH (jxnar, e cpaBHHTejmo kbcho aBJieHHe. P. HBaHOBa OT6ejia3Ba, ne nna- 
tbt, ot kohto ce npaBH CBar6eHOTO 3HaMe, Tpa6Ba na e 6aji h nepBeH, T.e. 6ajra h 
nepBeHa Ktpna hjih 6ana Kbpna h nepBeH noac (c pa3JiHHHH BapnaHTH b pa3JiHH- 
HHTe pernoHH), ho h b BtJirapna „c pa3pyraaBaHeTO Ha TpanHHHaTa HepanKO 3a 
CBar6eHO 3HaMe ce H3noji3Ba HaHHOHajiHHaT TpHKonbop - 6ajio, 3eneHO h nepBe- 
ho" (HBaHOBa 1984:62). 

He3aBHCHMO, ne Ha npaKTHKa TOBa e HaHHOHajiHOTO 3HaMe, CBaT6eHHaT 6afipaK 
HMa cneHH(j)HHHa yKpaca: „MMam mpu Kumm, no-dony na ceume, Kumnuee ce... 
(...) co e-bjinenu kohuu cynenu, domu MOdtce da ca decern, deaeceme, mpuecem 
canmuMenmpa, moiibKy u ce cmeznamu u ca eopsanu na uenoume om daupamm, 



175 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

176 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

177 <J>epHT EymaTH, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 



51 



na Kpauoume. A oede na eopeom na 6aiipaKom pedume ueeKx, cmpednomo ueeme 
pedu, ce 6apam edno MOMue ndoiiKomo no-zojieMO, szopa Had KumKama ueeKbe ce 
pedum mye. " 17tf Mo>Ke pa ce /jonycHe, ne npaBeHero Ha 3HaMeTO rojio6T>p/mn ca 
CbnpoBO^cflajiH c o6pe/jHa neceH - b)k. „H3HHKHano (JonnaH #peBO b fleBOHKHHH 
flBopn" (N°18), tbh KaTO P. HBaHOBa Hnrapa no/jo6eH npHMep - „H3pacjio mh 

fltpBO BHCOKO", H3ni>JIHaBaH HMCHHO B T03H MOMCHT (HBaHOBa 1984: 63). /JOHaCfl- 

HeTO Ha 3HaMeTO b poms. Ha momhcto e 6ejifl3aHO ot H3HrpaBaHeTO Ha xopo: „TyeKa 
so eneceeMe daupaKom na Kbomemo om Kyxnma, da ce euda, u nocne oea ceume 
uzpae opo... " 119 

rojioGtpflHH pa3Ka3Bar, ne b MHHanoTO TaHHOBaTa npaKTHKa e 6njia nop 3HaKa 
Ha nonoBOTO pa3fl&neHHe: „TyKa eo ceno name ca uzpanu mooku meoKKo. TeoKKu 
uzpaiia na mooku, ne ujuam UMano no-cmapo, no-cmapo, neKozaui, ne ce Meuianu 
OKenume, deKa uzpanu OKenu, HeMano mooku da enazam eo opo... " 180 E/jho „Teac- 
ko" xopo 3a/ri>ji>KHTe.JiHO ce H3nrpaBa h npn npncTHraHe Ha My3HKaHTHTe b /jOMa 
Ha MOMneTO, KaTO flopn to e 6hjio pa3flejieHO no nanoB npn3HaK. IIocjieflBaHO e 
ot pHTyajiHO nnainaHe: „TyKa ornxn Ke doudam doMa co monanuee u co ceupKuee, 
ue dudeno ceenno, km ce uzpa edno meoKKo uzpane myeKa, (...) myKa ezwnmuHom 
so eopmum monanom huhkom u km nnau\am... sa mea mynane, da ce ne usnomum, 
UMam UMano neKozaui, edna Ky<pua m , ojibKy mpeda da ce codepum om uzpmuee, 
moza 20 nuoeuem doMaKunom. Jlyp ne so u Kjiadum napuee, da ce mnomu, ufo e 
Kjiadeno no nasapom, neMa, ne mynam... u{o km ce mnojiHum npodama... " 182 

IIpeflH B3eMaHeTO Ha 6anpaica ce pon&cn HerotT („ Koenezom cpyeama ") Ha He- 
BecTaTa - hocst ro npnaTejin, kohto ce nocpeinar c „pyneK" - „ Cee, cee. TKaeui, 
utueui, njiemeui, 3a (papama om MaoKom, da My daeaui, da My hocuui. 3a MaoKom 
6euie m>pea padoma, myKy... /Japoeu. 3a (papama om MaoKom, 3a (papama om cee- 
Kop, koko zo euKame sue, 3a (papama om ceeKopeama..."™ 3 B ct6oTa ce H3BtpniBa 
h KaHeHeTO Ha rocTHre 3a CBar6ara. To othobo e peraaMenrHpaHO no OTHOineHHe 
Ha 6jiH30CTTa Ha po/jHHHCKara Bpi>3Ka: „ Cnyuiau -hu AdoKUH CMe m>peu 6pamy- 
uedu, MauKa My AdoKuoea u 6a6o mu mou ca 6pam u cecmpa, pasdupam, Hue CMe 
nopeu... doKazypuHH AdoKuoeu u Moune - emopu dpamynedu, a mpemu ca - po- 
OKdama nuena... /Jo mpema ce euKa na ceaeda. " 184 



178 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, c. Ore6neBO. 

179 <J>epHT EymaTH, 20.06.2007, c. Ore6neBO. 

180 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

181 TpaHHLia; TyK b cmhci>ji Ha ropHa rpamma 3a cyMaTa, koato Tpa6Ba p& ce ci>6epe. 

182 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

183 Xara^ace MypaTH, p. 1939 r. b c. CTe6neBO, o6p. 3 kji., 3eMepeime; c. Cre6neBO, 
18.06.2007, 3an. B. ToH^eBa, K. PaHroneB. 

184 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, TnpaHa. 

52 



IIpaBeHeTO Ha noranara {„nozana naeenep co m>pcmeH Hauiapaua" 1 * 5 ) e Cb- 
mecTBeH momcht ot pHTyana, npaBH ce b ct6oTa Benep b /jOMa Ha momhcto. Ha 
norana xquht KaHeHH, ho h HeKaHeHH tocth: „... om e codoma nocne HOKbma, 
HOKbma, udem euKano u neeuKano, kou caKaem, da mu usnuem edno Kacpe, da 
mu h cmopum aupnun, tuo ce npauw... HeMam zaune. Mootcume Kacpe, dtceuume 
meKep. " 186 ToBa e momcht ot CBar6aTa, b kohto npncbCTBaT HeMajrtK 6pofi o6pea- 
hh necHH - ncnnaT npoHec Ha 3aMecBaHe h yicpacaBaHe Ha noranara e CbnpoBOfleH 
c neceH (Bmc. JVe 19-22). 

3aMecBaHeTO h ocjjopMaHeTO Ha noranara e kjhohobhat momcht ot BenepTa 
- npaBH ce ot MJia^o HeoMt^eHO momhto nofl 3ByHHTe Ha o6pe/jHHTe necHH h 
ce „wapu" etc cneunajieH nptCTeH: „riopcmeHom sa nozana e npaeeu. MMam, 
ceeK-bpeaea zo UMona, e Tupan zo UMaMe u km h dynujue nozanama. LUapena no- 
zanama u m h nenuMe u m uzpajvie opomo okojio, utapeuo opo - u JWbotcKo, u 
OKencKo. " 187 Ha npaKTHica najiara Benep npeMHHaBa b xopa. KaTO eM6jieMaTHHHa 
neceH, Ha kosto ce e nrpa.no xopo, rojioGtpflHH conar „Opo ce BHe icpafi MaHacTH- 
pa" (N°23). B ^HeuiHaTa P MaiceaoHHa Beceji6ara npn momhcto ce Hapnna „Kyj\io- 
ea eenep", CBeRtpBara c norana (nocTaBeHa b chto) Btpxy maBaTa ch 3anrpaBa 
xopo (5Ke>Kejib-KajiHHaHHH 2008: 30). Tpa/jnHHOHHO noranara b rojio6i>p/iCKHTe 
6tJirapcKH cena ce npaBH b ct6oTa Benep, ho b nocjie^HHTe ro/jnHn, oco6eHO cnefl; 
MHrpnpaHeTO no rpa^OBeTe, Tpa/jnnnaTa ce npoMeHa: „A ceza sadnuee zodunu, 
ontKa 3a3eMean ueeecmu, ommaMO doudon no zpadou doudon majuo, nozanaea, 
ujo ce npaeevue eo ci>6oma uaeenep, n npanm eo nemoK uaeenep, 3aujo semom km 
ude kh dadum pyneK Kau deeouKaea, ce npau pynemm om deeowaea ce npaeu e 
codoma, a Kau MOMnemo ce npaeu e uedejin. " 188 

napajianHO b eb6oTHara Benep b /jOMa Ha momhhcto Cbino HMa tocth. Cnopefl 
e/jHa HH(j)opManHa, norana npn HeBecTaTa He ce npaBH: „Tajuo Kau neeecmama no- 
zana - ne, npaeea u munpyneK eo dpyzama Kyxn u da cu npaeu cee, ujo cam, myKy 
ue co monauu, pyneK upedm ujuam uemu MysuKa " 189 , ho cnopefl flpyr ci>6eceflHHK 
napajiejmo ce npaBaT ppe norann b /jBara flOMa: ,,/Jee npaujuu Hue, ednaea oede 
Kau MaoKom nozanaea, ceza oea Kau neeecmaea, Koza m usdezam neeecmaea om 
dojua, Ke h Kopuiu napnenuun, napnenuun... Kofi a Kopran? )Keua, Ke n Kopuiu, om 
menuun, Ke n cdpodum, Ke n 3ej\tem otceuama mencunea u Ken usjiesem na namon, 



185 Cy3aHa By3HOBa, p. 1967 r. b CTe6neBO, o6p. cpe^HO, OMiaceHa b KneHte, ot 1990 r. 
>KHBee b flyptc (flpan); rp. flyptc (flpan), 03.04.2008, 3an. B. ToHHeBa. 

186 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

187 <J>aTHMe Tpy^a, 22.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

188 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

189 <J>epHT EymaTH, 20.06.2008, c. CTe6neBO. 

53 



m dezaem jiwdume, m 3eMaem ceume no edno Kocane, da eudam nozanama om 
Heeecmama, " 190 

B Tpa/nmHOHHara CBar6a b flHenmaTa P Maice/jOHna noranaTa, HapHnaHa „ cea- 
kh ", ce MecH b ct6oTa h b aBeTe kliuh QKoKejib-KajiHHaHHH 2008: 29). OneBH/nro 
e cxoflCTBOTO b npaKTHKHTe 3a npaBeHe Ha norana npn MJiaflO)KeHeiia h norana 
(hjih Benep) npn HeBecTaTa y rono&bpjmw c Te3H Ha MOMHHara h MOMKOBaTa Benep 
b 6tJirapcKaTa Tpa/nmnoHHa CBaT6a (B)k. HBaHOBa 1984: 76-84). 

B cb6oTHaTa Benep b Tojio Etpao ce npaBH h npnroTBaHeTO Ha HeBecTaTa: „IJo- 
cjie dtceuume ce 6epem, m Huotcam dyjiaKom 191 , na cmapo - ceza co 6en (pycman. 
Tyxa ce uuotce dyjiaKom, na dyjiaKom ...km cednem u km so Kjiadem cdopom, nocne 
km pedem... siiamo, cunddtcupu, u\o wua pyeomo name, ... km pedant, oznedano, km 
ce 6epam Jimdume, Mue euKOMe ceamoeu, u eue mam mpeea da euKame. " m Koca- 
Ta ce ocjjopMa no cneHH(})HHeH HanHH, c t. Hap. „ npomuu " - ycyKBaHe Ha Kocara 
npefl yuiHTe: „ CedeM, mye cedeM, mye cedeM, npomuu, cedeM, deeem, no Kocama, 
Kama m uMaw Kocama. Ako UMaw y6aa Koca - noeem. " l9i ToBa e h „BenepTa Ha 
KtHara" npn MiocioJiMaHHTe: „HaKbHa, Ke udeMe uaKoua, so 3nauMe Hue. " 194 Kt- 
HOCBaT ce ptHeTe Ha 6yjiKaTa b nepBeH hbat - „ uiipeeH, KapMb3i> ", KaTO TOBa ce 
npaBH ot cnennajma >KeHa, o6hkhobcho ot po/ja Ha HeBecTaTa. PHryajrhT, Hape- 
neH „KtHa re/pRecn", b Tpa/jHHHOHHaTa CBar6a Ha TypnnTe b Pa3rpa/jCKO ce cnnra 
ot M. BacHJieBa 3a Hana.no Ha CBaT6aTa (BacnjieBa 1969: 168). IIpH 6tJirapnTe 
ot Icwio Btpflo pnTyajitT Ha KbHOCBaHe h nneTeHe (npaBeHe Ha „npomuu") He e 
CbnpoBO/jeH c neceH. Bt3MO>KHO e TaKHBa necHH pp. ca cbmecTByBajin, KaKTO e 
b pa3JiHHHH Kpanma Ha GturapcKHTe 3eMH cpep, MiocioJiMaHH h xphcthshh (Bm. 
KaycjjMaH 1976: 42-45), ho m ca 3a6paBeHH. 

B Helena npe/jH o6a^ e pHTyajiHOTO „B3eMaHe" Ha HeBecTaTa ot aoMa h, raecT- 
BneTO e caMO ot Mhme, 6e3 MJia/jroKeHeHa - TOBa OT6ejia3BaT h M. Hobkobckh 3a c. 
,II,)KenHma (Hobkobckh 2006: 128) h IT. ,H,OMa3eTOB 3a CTpy>KKHTe cena >I6jiaHHHa, 
BopoBeH, JIa6yHHiHe h Okthch (,3,OMa3eTOB 1987: 344). „CBaTOBeTe" H/niar pa a 
B3eMaT Ha KOHe (kohto b flHeumaTa P MaKe/jOHHa ca HaKHTemi b>k. Hobkobckh 
2006: 126): „Ce(pme na cmapo otcenu HUKozaui ne odenu ceamuue, cajuo mooku, 
odea mooku co kohu u opywcanu 195 , (...) 3aiuo ce seMane u napu neKozaui, ua cma- 
po, samo ce odeuie opyoKanu, (...) odea mhozo momuu, odea daiioeuume 196 , eyiiKo- 



190 Xara^e MypaTH, 18.06.2007, c. Ore6neBO. 

191 flynaK (xiyBaic) - 6ynoTO, c KoeTO ce noicpHBa HeBecTaTa. 

192 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

193 Xara/;}Ke MypaTH, 18.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

194 XarazDKe MypaTH, 18.06.2007, c. Ore6neBO. 

195 , 



Bl>Opi>>KeHH 

196 ByiraoBHH 



54 



eijume, odeme doMaKimom - KyKHUKom om Ky/cnma... 3emom we odeu, myKa ne- 
eecmama h naKame dojua, ne odeme no neeecmama. " 197 Kaicro OT6ejia3Ba P. HBa- 
HOBa, b GtJirapcKara Tpa/niHHOHHa CBaT6a ct>iu,o flopn h 6jih30 jya. >KHBee MOMaTa, 
CBaTOBeTe xoaaT 3a Hea axHajin KOHe, a CBarHnnre Ha kojih (6hbojickh h apyrn) 
(HBaHOBa 1984: 88). 

ITtTaT 30 flOMa Ha HeBecTara h o6paTHO e 03ByneH c My3HKa (3ypHH h TtnaHn), 
ho caMHaT pHTyan b flOMa h e CMipoBO/jeH c o6pe/jHa neceH - bmc. „TpncTa CBaroH 
nymaMe" (N°24). HeBecTaTa ce H3BOKfla ot romsl h ot 6par hjih 6paroBHe/i, kocto 
e HantJiHO cxo/jho c Tpa^HnHOHHara CBaT6a ot flHeumara P MaKe/jOHna - npn 
H3BOKflaHeTO Ha HeBecTaTa ntpBO ce H3HacaT CT>njxbu,ine c neroa, TOBapaT rn Ha 
koh hjih KOJia, a cnep, TOBa 6paT h a w3BQmp,a b flBopa, 3a p,a ce npoinaBar h toh a 
npe^aBa Ha MJia/io>KeHena. (DKoKejib-KajiHnaHHH 2008: 33-34). Ha TepHTopnaTa 
Ha P E-bJirapna no-necTO npHroTBeHaTa Bene HeBeera ce H3Be)K3a ot /jeBepa (hjih 
fleBepHTe) (HBaHOBa 1984: 101). npn t. Hap. „nonpamaHe" Ha HeBecTaTa cneHH- 
aiiHa neceH e nocBeTeHa Ha poflnrejiHTe h Han-6jiH3KHre h po^hkhh - bmc. ,J\a. th 
e }khbo, 6a6o th, opn HeBecTo" (N°25). P. HBaHOBa cnoMeHaBa, ne sa^tJiacHTejieH 
ejieMeHT Ha pa3flajiara ca 6jiarocjiOBHHTe Ha momhhhh pofl (HBaHOBa 1984: 107). 

HeBecTaTa ce bojjh Ha koh, noicpHTa c „dyeaK" (dy/iax) 19 *, ot flBeTe CTpaHH a 
jXbpmaj flBaivia momhh (6paTa, 6paTOBieflH hjih no6paTHMH). B pnryajia Ha BoaeHe 
Ha HeBecTaTa kbm HOBHa h p,om ce OTicpHBa cxo/jctbo etc CBaT6aTa b CT>ce/niHTe 
Ha Tojio Btpflo cejia b CTpy>KKO. TaM po/niHHHTe Ha HeBecTaTa a KaiBar Ha KOHa 
h a KpenaT p,o HOBHa h p,om - o6hkhobcho TOBa ca 6paTaTa, axo HMa 6para - 
ByHHOBHH h CTpHKOBHH (,H,OMa3eTOB 1987: 344). OGpe^HH necHH ce neaT KaKTO 
npn B3eMaHeTO Ha HeBecTaTa h KaiBaHeTO h Ha KOHa, Taxa h npn cjiH3aHeTO h ot 
KOHa. IleceHTa, H3ni>jiHaBaHa b Tojio Etp/jo npn cjiH3aHeTO Ha HeBecTaTa, e „E Te 
o6jiaK, op HeBecTo, h poca no Hero" (N°27), a b CTpy^KKHTe cejia npn BJiH3aHeTO Ha 
HeBecTaTa b /niopa Ha HOBHa h jiom ce nee „Cjie3n, MOMe, CJie3H, flyino, op, Ha 6p3a 
KOHa" (/],OMa3eTOB 1987: 344). 

06pe/nia neceH ce H3ni>jiHaBa npn nocpemaHe na HeBecTaTa b HOBHa n p,om: 
,„H,o6pe flofiflOBTe, ope jihhhh npnaTejin" (JSTe26). CneHnajiHa neceH HMa h 3a po- 
/nrrejiHTe Ha momhcto: „Becejin ce, pa/ryBan ce, 6a6o ot 6eKapa" (N°28). 

npn BtBOKflaHe Ha HeBecTaTa b HOBna h /jom ce peajin3HpaT nope^nna ot pn- 
TyajiHH ^encTBHa, kohto 3a TepHTopnaTa Ha flHenmara P MaKe/jOHna TeoperaHHO 
ca H3Be/jeHH TaKa: cjin3aHe Ha HeBecTaTa ot KOHa (cBanaHe ot CBeKbpa n /jeBepa); 
nocpemaHe Ha HeBecTaTa ot CTpam Ha CBeKbpBara; npeKpanBaHe Ha npara Ha ho- 



197 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

198 ,,...noKpueHO Geiue Ha zodunama nemdecema, nemdecem u nem, moza Geiue, moza umci- 
uie dyeatc, cimci moa 6ewe omtcoza doude napmunma He ocmau dyeatc eene... " <t>epHT By- 
iuaTH, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

55 



Biia pom; BtBOK^aHe Ha HeBecTaTa; o6pepnn /jeficTBHa b pomsl (yppzns Ha o/pKaica, 
aeHCTBHH npn HOiHBHTe, CH^aHe Ha HeBecTaTa b cpe/jara Ha CTaaTa h noeraBaHe b 
CKyTa h Ha mt>)kko pere c >khbh popmenn h pp.); Bopene Ha HeBecTaTa b ot/jcjiho 
npocTpaHCTBO hjih Macro, Kt^eTO me e H30JinpaHa h t.h. ()Ke>Ke.nb-KajiHHaHHH 
2008: 12). B aji6aHCKara nacT Ha Tojio Etp/jo npn BJiroaHeTO ch b pomsl Ha mom- 
neTO HeBecTaTa nojiynaBa ot CBeKtpBaTa 3aMeceHO ot 6pauiHO h Boaa Meico tccto, 
c KoeTO TpHKpaTHO Ma3Ba Ha BpaTaTa (oTrope), „3a depuKem, da UMam Kymi, da 
3ej\iaiu depenem, da donecum neeecmama. Mjiozo ydaeo. " 199 A Ha hakc-h Meera b 
BtJirapna CBeKtpBara bo/hi MJiaflo^ceHHHTe ntpBO po hoihbhtc, Kt/jeTO HeBecTa- 
Ta ocTaBfl xjia6oBeTe, a cnefl TOBa o6HKajiaT orHHineTO (HBaHOBa 1984: 120). B 
CTe6jieBO cnsp npncTHraHeTO Ha HeBecTaTa a BO/jaT Ha ryMHOTO, Kt/jeTO o6HKana 
Tpn hbth b flacHa nocoKa: „Koza m doum eo zyMnomo dojuauiHO, mpu noma kh 
eopmum okoji... Ka opono. Ka eopmum opono. " 2m B Haicon pernoHH Ha TepHTO- 
pnaTa Ha EtJirapna MJiaacwKeHeHtT, HeBecTaTa h KyMtT a3/jeinKOM o6nKajiaT Tpn 
ntTH okojio KopHTO, noKpHTO c poro3Ka h nepra, c najiemHHK OTrope (HBaHOBa 
1984: 117). Apy r0 pHTyajmo fleficTBHe b Tojio Etp/jo, cnefl; KaTO HeBecTaTa cne3e 
ot KOHa, e npoBHpaHeTO Tpn ntTH Ha m'dkko ^eTe nop KOHa, kocto no6paTHMHTe 
ch noflaBax ToBa ce cnyHBa nop 3ByHHTe Ha o6pepnn >kchckh necHH (neaT momh, 
HeBecTH h no-BtspacTHH >kchh) 201 . Ta3H npaicrHKa e no3HaTa h b c. ,H,>KenHma (b 
pn. P MaiceflOHHa) - KoraTO HeBecTaTa cne3e, npe3 KOHa Tpn hi>th npexBtpjiaT 
mt>>kko perre, KoeTO e npH/jpy^KeHO c necHH (Hobkobckh 2006: 126). 

BeHnaBaHeTO npn xpncTHaHHTe eraBa b Ktmara Ha momhcto. HMa cjiynan, b 
kohto BeHnaBKa He ce octmecTBaBa, ho caMHaT CBar6eH pHTyan HMa y3aKOHaBamo 
3HaqeHHe h popn n b Te3H cjiynan ceMeficTBara Ha 6tJirapHTe ot Tojio Etpao He 
ce pa3na^aT, He3aBHCHMO ot ctntTCTBamHTe ceMefiHHa hm >khbot o6cToaTejiCTBa. 
ToBa rojioGtpflHH H3TBKBar KaTO CBoa cneHH(j)HHHa xapaKTepncTHKa: „... da ce 
pa3dejiem nuKozaui, na eeK. Am cu nponoeueut 2 " 2 , m Me omdepeui da Me 3eMaw 
- mjiezoe Jiouia, usnezoe ydaea, 3ede, 3ede, doKpaii!" 203 BeHiaBaHeTO e Cbnpo- 
BO/jeHO c nope/jHHa ot o6pepnn /jeficTBHa - pepene Ha xjia6oBe Ha maBara Ha 
HeBecTaTa (1, 3, 5) h pHryajiHO 3aMecBaHe Ha tccto b hoihbhtc - „h mepaem, nano 
ujo e na no3e neeecmama, co poKama da 3aMecu mecmo" 204 , pHTyajrao TpHKparao 
ca/jaHe Ha noKpHrara c pyB&K HeBecTa Btpxy naneiHHHK ()Kejia3HaTa nacT Ha pa- 
jioto) c mt>)kko fleTe Ha ptHe - „ najieiunuK, Mue so eenuMe, pajioeo, kh cedne mpu 



199 XaTH/;}Ke Mypara, 18.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

200 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

201 TaKaBa neceH 6i>JirapHTe ot an6aHCKaTa qacT Ha Tono Etp^o He ch cnoMHHxa. 

202 npneMeui 

203 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

204 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

56 



noma neeecmama (...) na cKym upedam edno demyjie, mucjicim caKam dapenum, ne 
m>peo da e mkokko. " 205 CflnaHeTO Btpxy najieiimiiKa npii xpncTnaHn n MiocKMMa- 
hh ce npaBH no pa3jmnHO BpeMe, ho ycTofinnBO npnctCTBa b cxeMaTa Ha o6pena. 
Mo^ejitT Ha nocTaBaHe Ha mt>>kko neTe Ha ptne hjih b CKyTa Ha HeBecTaTa c Hen 3a 
HMa Mt)KKa Hcna/i e no3HaT h b MaKenoHCKara nacT Ha Tojio Etpnp - b .ZJ^Kennina 
(Hobkobckh 2006: 127), b cejiara Ha Ctpy^kkh ^phmkoji (,3,OMa3eTOB 1987: 345), 
Kaicro h b apyrn pernoHH Ha nHenmara P MaicenpHHa (5Ke)Kejib-KajiHHaHHH 2008: 
35). npaKTHKara e no3HaTa h b EtJirapna - npep, orHnineTO naBar Ha HeBecTaTa 
na fltp^KH mt>>kko neTe c }khbh ponHTejin (c BapnaHTH ot EjiaroeBrpancico - enHO 

MT>)KKO, e^HO }KeHCKO H nOCJie naK eflHO MT>)KKO neTe, HJIH Mt)KKO H }KeHCKO J\QTQ) 

(HBaHOBa 1984: 120). 

CBaT6eHaTa Tpane3a ce npaBH b Henejia n npo/rbjraaBa no ki>cho BenepTa. 
06penHara xpam BiononBa: „nop6a, eo Kasanu. Boda, con u KpoMud. Tlunacp, 
opus, rpacpne. Cocppama zpacpne caKa. Co zpacpne ohu m ce naxdam. Ha ce e 
Mecomo... " 206 MiocHMMaHHTe b 6jih3koto MHHajio nppn Ha CBaT6a He ca ynoTpe- 
6flBajin ajiKOxon: „.... ne ce nue. HeMame naepeMemo (...) Huujo, eouua, Mouie- 
uuua 2<>1 , koko ne, oko caKam nuu see den MomeHuua..." 2m Ho BpeMe Ha Tpane- 
3aTa xopara npoatJDKaBaT, a HeBecTaTa h MJianp>KeHeni>T niviaT cnennaneH Tami: 
„ Cade deouua, m uzpaem, m uzpaem mux deoui{a, m uzpam, Ke My (ponam napu 
ceume... " 209 Ha Tpane3aTa necemfflST penepToap e 6hji apera pa3HOo6pa3eH - ot 
ot t. Hap „ cjiyoKdapcKu " Tpane3HH necHn no no-nonynapHn o6pa3nH, no3HaTn b 
pernoHa. 

IIpeaH 6panHOTO CBO>KnaHe HeBecTaTa ctoh „nodnpena na nnnnKume 210 nemu- 
hu, ujo donecna om 6a6o u, nodnpena Kbpuiu couue ceu " 2n , a 6jih3kh ^kchh h neaT 
o6peflHa neceH: „Oii neeecmo e sdpaea douuia, dodpe doutna, Ka mu ce Huneuie, 
3aiqo mpomu 6a6o mu, 3aiuo mpomu MauKa mu, Ka n mpomu Maiim mu, Ka h mpo- 
mumamKomu, ufo n mpomu MauKu mu, u\o nmpomu... anemueotcanbno... Tanda 
ce Hajwypmu 212 da sannanu... " 2U 



205 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

206 XaTHji>Ke MypaTH, 18.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

207 „MoweHuija", ,,MoujeHuija", „MomeHuua" — MtTeHHua. TpajjHUHOHHa HaniiTKa, no- 
jjo6Ha Ha aMpaH, nonynaBaHa cnejj H36HBaHeTo/H3BHHHaHeTO Ha MacnoTO ot mjiakoto 
(HaM-necTO ot paBHH KOJiH^iecTBa npacHO h KHceno mjiako). 

208 Xanmace MypaTH, 18.06.2007, c. Ore6neBO. 

209 OepHT EyiuaTH, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

210 JipexHTe 

211 <t>epHT EyiuaTH, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

212 HaMptlHH 

213 OepHT EyiuaTH, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

57 



IIpH MiocKMMaHHTe npean MJiaflOKeHeiitT p,a BJie3e npn HeBecTaTa xofl^Kara My 
„qeTe" („Eewe odotcama Kau epamama mye - 6ydy6ydy6ydy... eeneuie nemo... " 2U ) 
b npHCbCTBHero Ha 6jiH3KHTe My poflHHHH h no6paTHMH (caMO Mt>Ke), a HeBecTaTa 
ctoh 3aTBopeHa b CTaaTa, Ta He ynacTBa b to3h pHTyaji. Ilpea BpaTaTa ce pa3Hrpa- 
Ba h pHTyajiHOTO „He/jonycKaHe" Ha momhcto, npHflpy^KeHO etc chmbojihhch 6oh 
(jieKH njiecHHHH „kciko mpaduma") h 3aMepaHe c thhjih nnoaoBe: „Co My3UKa 
doKpau u nocne sameopnm semom naeenep eo noKRma, zo 3ameopeaem 3emom eo 
KyKHina, dyp ne zo naMaeaem, ne zo nyujaem Kau neeecmama, zo eapdum, 3a da zo 
Maeaem, da zo 6uem..." 215 . Te3H /jeficTBHa ca npH/jpy>KeHH c o6pe/jHH pennHKH: 
„Kae outu, My eejiem, ujo oum majuo... " 216 . PHTyajiHOTO My H3HanBaHe HMa CBoaTa 
(JjyHKHHa: „da 6Jie3em neydae Kau neeecmama", a h 3a p,a noeMe Ta pojiaTa ch 
Ha cbnpyra: „Heeecma km zo nepum cadaune, Cu wua neeecma Miiada. " ni H3- 
BecTHO BpeMe cnep, KaTO MJia/jcoKeHeHbT BJie3e npn HeBecTaTa 3a/j BpaTaTa, hm ce 
noflaBa Hemo cna/n«) „neujo daKjiaea, neujo 6nazo. (...) Ha deouuama, edno neujo, 
cum6ojiuk. " 2W 

B noHeflejrHHK cyTpHHTa HeBecTaTa eraBa npern bchhkh h ce npnroTBa #a jja- 
paBa 6jiH3KHTe h po/jHHHHTe ch. Cne/jBa pHTyajiHOTO xo/jeHe 3a BO/ja, b kocto Ta e 
npHflpy^KeHa ot MajiKO MOMneHHe h momhhchhc, KaKTO h ot pcthhhh Ha MJiaao- 
>KeHeHa: „ kh oum Maotcu, otcenu, 6nu3nume, daiioeuu, Mydwoeuu, eyumeuu, cee- 
Kopom, ceeKopeama, soneume, 6pamn, cecmpu, ujo UMam podnuna u mya neeec- 
mama kh My mypeam eoda na ceume. " 219 PnTyajitT BianoHBa TpmcpaTHO H&nyBaHe 
Ha ptKa Ha bcckh toct, aaBaHe Ha flap h nojiynaBaHe Ha napn: „Ke My mypum eoda 
da ce Muem. Heeecmama mypa eoda. Co cmoMnuue. Cemu ce Mue u kh njiauja. 
(...) AMa My daea man - ei>3ZJiaenuK ee3an, neujo... Ha oeue. Ten njiaujaem nocne, 
3a mea mo npau man, 3a da u n/iamum... " 220 Pa3Mepi>T Ha „nnamaHeTo" 3aBHCH ot 
CTeneHTa Ha poflHHHCica 6jih30Ct: „kr hocuui - 3Jiamo, om 6nu3nume, ujo no-6nu- 
3en - mo no-MJiozy Tozaui. flaem, eyuKom, UMauie ddtco6ama nau-meotcKa, eyu- 
Kom, da daea nau-Miibozy, noeKbe om cmpuKa, eyuKo e noeKe om cmpuKa, cmpuKo 
e no 6a6o, eyuKo e noMauKa, mam e. HoMaiiKa noeKbe, no-6nu30. " 221 JJ. MapHHOB 
ei>o6maBa, ne o6HHafi ot MHHajiOTO e HeBecTaTa j\& nonee Ha bchhkh 3a ce H3MH3T, 
a b 3aMaHa Te h /jaBar napn hjih noflaptHH (MapHHOB 1892: 137). Pa3/jaBaHeTO Ha 



214 <t>epHT EymaTH, 20.06.2007, c. Ore6neBO. 

215 Cy3aHa Ey3HOBa, 03.04.2008, rp. flyptc (flpan). 

216 Cy3aHa Ey3HOBa, 03.04.2008, rp. flyptc (JJpan). 

217 EaMpaM Ey3HOB, 03.04.2008, rp. flyptc (flpan). 

218 OepHT EymaTH, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

219 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

220 Cy3a H a Ey3HOBa, 03.04.2008, rp. flyptc (JJpan). 

221 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 



58 



flapoBeTe CTaBa nop 3ByHHre Ha My3HKara, cnep kocto My3HKaHTHTe ch OTHBar. 
Mo^ejitT Ha BO^eHe Ha HeBecTara 3a Bopa, /japaBaHe, a cnefl; TOBa ronpamaHe Ha 
My3HKaHTHTe e no3Har HaBcaKB/je b pernoHa (Hobkobckh 2006: 127, )Ke>Ke.nb- 
KanHHaHHH 2008: 34), Kaicro h b no-umpoK apeaji - Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha BtJirapna 
(HBaHOBa 1984: 132). 

B cjieacBaT6eHHTe oGnnaH Ba>KHO Macro 3aeMaT. Hap. „npeime" (3Ke>Ke.Jib-Ka- 
jiHnaHHH 2008: 12). B Tojio Btp^o Tpn pnn (c BapnaHT Qpna CQpmnna) cjiqp CBar- 
6aTa HeBecTaTa c 6jih3khtc po/jhhhh Ha momhcto (6e3 MJiajjroKeHeHa) 222 xo,zih „ na 
nopeime" (na nopeuue) npn po/jHTejiHTe ch. ToBa cmho e ycTOHHHBa npaKTHica, 
no3HaTa Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha Tojio Btp^o (ot /HieTe CTpaHH Ha aji6aHCKC-Maice/iOH- 
CKaTa rpaHHHa) h b uajia /jHenma P MaKeponnx (Hobkobckh 2006: 128, ,H,OMa3e- 
tob 1987: 348, ^KoKejib-KanHHaHHH 2008: 35), KaKTO h b BtJirapna, Kb/ieTO e H3- 
BecTHa KaTO „ noeparriKu ", „ noep-biriKu ", „ noep-bHKu ", „ odpamKu ", „ 6i>38pamKu " 
h flp. h ce peajiH3npa o6hkhobcho Ha cjie/nmmaTa nepenx (HBaHOBa 1984: 139). 

HeBecTara ce o6nn*ia b xy6aBH hobh ppexn {„Ako da ima Keep, am cana cen- 
cko, oko ne - co wihhku ydaeu ") h b ihcctbhcto Ta e no3HHHOHHpaHa HaH-OT3a# 
- „man e neeecmama - da ce nosnau, ujua u MJiboay odjienenu Ka Hen... " 22i IIpH 
nocemeHHeTO npn Mainca ch HeBecTaTa Tpa6Ba pa 3aMecn cjia^Ka norana, ot ko- 
aTO 3afli>ji>KHTejiHO pa3/jaBa Ha po/jHHHHTe Ha cbnpyra ch: „jiwduee om Maoicom, 
(pucom om Maotcom caKam nozana om MauKa «... Ce npaum co wemp u u eejixm 
ceume - dau... u dapaem ceume, 3a 6nazo. " 2M PoflHrejiHTe Ha HeBecTaTa a nocpe- 
mar c Tpane3a - „ndenbe, Meco, cee, daKjiaeu. " 22s 

Ha6jiiOfleHHaTa, HanpaBeHH Btpxy cbBpeMeHHOTO cbCToaHHe Ha CBaT6aTa, Ha- 
Mar CHCTeMeH xapaKTep, ho noKa3BaT, ne onHTHTe pa ce cbxpaHH Tpa/jHHHaTa h b 
rpa^CKa cpspa ce H3pa3aBar bt>b (jpyHKHHOHHpaHeTO Ha onpe/jejieHH ejieMeHTH ot 
CBaT6aTa - HanpHMep, npaBeHe Ha norana (h H3HBJTHaBaHe Ha ctHbTCTBamna ne- 
ceHeH penepToap) hjih o6nn*iane Ha Tpa/niHHOHHara Hocna (ot cbotbcthoto ceno, 
OTKtfleTO npoH3xoacflaT npecejiHHHHre) h b rpa/jCKHTe CBarGn: „...eo Tupana, cu 
nyeajue eo zapdepodom, donan, odeceno, u Koza ujuam ceaeda, cu ce odiiaKaM u 
cu oda. " 226 ToBa ce B^npneMa Karo oco6eH 3HaK 3a 3aaBaBaHe Ha „pa3JiHHHOCT", 
pecn. Ha H/jeHTHHHOCT. KoHCTaTaHHaTa o6ane e, ne b rpa/jCKHre yonoBHa, b kohto 
e nocTaBeHa CBaT6aTa, Bee no-Tpy/jHO e cbxpaBaHeTO Ha Tpa^HHHOHHHa pinyaji: 



222 B 6i>JirapcKaTa TpaziHHHOHHa cBaT6a o6hkhob6ho Ha TOBa nocemeHHe xo/;h h Mnazioace- 
HeLfbT, npn^py>KeH ot HaM-6jiH3KH pozihhhh - po^meuM, /;eBepH, 3t>jibh. fltpacH ce 6poaT 
Ha rocTHTe pa. e HeneTHO hhcjio (HBaHOBa 1984: 139). 

223 Cy3aHa Ey3HOBa, 03.04.2008, rp. flyptc (JJpan). 

224 Cy3aHa By3HOBa, 03.04.2008, rp. flyptc (JJpan). 

225 Xara/;}Ke MypaTH, 18.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

226 <J>aTHMe Tpypa, 22.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

59 



„ Ce Monam u oede mue da so dop^cam, 3a da ne zunum, doMaumomo doudeno, 
ajua oede no-dpyao e, neMOOKeiu da zu npaeuvu ceume padomu. " 221 ToBa ce OTHaca 
He caMO 3a CBar6ara - Tpa/niHHOHHara o6peflHOCT nocTeneHHO 3aMHpa nopa/ni 
MHoacecTBO (jjaKTopn ot pa3JiHneH xapaKTep, cpea kohto e h HapymaBaHeTO Ha 
3aTBopeHOCTTa Ha oGmHOcrra cnefl /jeMOKparHHHHTe npoMeHH h MHrpaHHHTe b 
rpa^OBeTe. 



B norpeGajiHHTe h iioivieHHii pHTyajiH ot Henna pernoH Tojio Btpflo (b P 
Aji6aHHfl h P MaKe^OHHa) ce HaGmoaaBar mhtokcctbo KOHTaMHHaHHH Ha xpncTH- 

HHCKH H MIOCKMMaHCKH npaKTHKH flO CTeneH Ha CHHKpeTHHHa H3JIOCT - He CaMO B 
06peflH0CTTa Ha MIOCKMIMaHHTe Ce OTKpHBaT yCTOHHHBH XpHCTHflHCKH ejieMeHTH 

(kohto 6nxa mouth 3a ce OT^a/jar Ha npe/jHcnaMCKOTO MHHajio), ho h b xphcth- 
aHdcara o6pe/nrocT b hskoh cjiynan ce Ha6jnoaaBar ejieMenrH ot MiocioJiMaHCKa- 
Ta Tpa^HHHa, kohto BepoaTHO ca pe3yjrrar ot ctBMecTHHa >khbot. YcTaHOBaBa ce 
e/jHH OTHOCHTejiHO yHH(j)HHHpaH MO^eji Ha norpeGefflieTO h noMeHHTe, kohto e 
BajiH/jeH 3a npaKTHKHTe h Ha jxrqtq pejiHrH03HH rpynn. 

B npHroTBSHeTO Ha noHHHajiHa b c. CreOjieBO HaMa H3HCKBaHe KtnaHeTO h 
o6jiHHaHeTO /ja ce npaBH ot hobck ot ctmna noji, /jOKaro 3a c. ^^Kennma (rono 
Etp/jo, P MaKeflOHHa) M. Hobkobckh CT>o6maBa, ne TOBa aeficTBHe ce H3BtpniBa 
ot xofl^ara c noMomTa Ha hobck ot ctmna noji. B c. CreGjieBO xpncTHaHHTe no- 
rpe6BaT noHHHanHTe b KOBier, kohto ce npaBH, a He ce KynyBa. B MHHajiOTO ce e 
CJiarajio iuiaTHo: „nue ma nanped My pedexjue njiamno, deajuempa njiamno... " 22i , a 
cnopefl HH(j)opMaHHa ot c. ,H,>KenHma MtpTBHre ca norpe6BaHH 6e3 KOBner, yBHTH 
c 6ajio njiaTHO (Hobkobckh 2006: 129). H. JiHMaHOCKH TBtp/ni, ne h b /HieTe o6jia- 
cth Ha Tojio Etp/jo - K)ro3ana/jHO ot ^eGtp h Ha ceBep oGjiacrra Topa, 6jih30 ao 
KyKbc (Aji6aHHa) - MtpTBHre ce norpe6Bar b H3pa6oTeH b /jOMa fltpBeH KOBner 
(JiHMaHOCKH 1883: 345-346). B 6tJirapcKHTe ccna b Tojio Etpao (Aji6aHHa) noHH- 
HajinaT ce oGjinna b cneHHajiHO npHroTBeHH 3a TOBa ppexw. „IJaHmojiu, KowyjiH, 
(paue/ia, cdojia... ceeujo" 229 . H Hobkobckh cnoMeHaBa, ne b c. ^^Kennma npaBO- 
CJiaBHHTe o6jiHnaT noKOHHHKa b hobh flpexH (Hobkobckh 2006: 128). noKpHBa ce 
c HBeTa (KapaM(j)HJiH). PtHeTe My ce CKptCTBaT, a b /pKo6oBeTe My ce nocTaBaT 
MOHeTH - „)Kueom dama... nezde ne nnamwi... da My zu nodapam... na mou eeK 
da njiamu... (cMee ce). TaKu npauMe Hue... " 2i0 . KaKTO HaBcaKb/je Ha GuirapcKara 



227 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

228 To^opKa MnpnecKa PaMico (6a6a Pycaima), p. 1931 r. b c. KneHte, o6p. 3 kji., 3eMe^e- 
Jine; c. CTe6neBO, 30.04.2006, 3an. M. CTaMeHOBa, K. PaHroneB, A. 5KanoB. 

229 To/iopKa MnpiecKa PaMKO (6a6a Pycaima), 30.04.2006, c. Cre6neBO. 

230 To/iopKa MnpiecKa PaMKO (6a6a Pycaima), 30.04.2006, c. Cre6neBO. 

60 



eTHHHecica Tepnropna, h TyK (JjyHKnnoHnpa 3a6paHara nonHHajiHaT p,a ce oeraBa 
caM: „ Co HoeK do nezo (...) A mo 3Hom h .. caM ne zo ocmaxMe, ne huhu - ManKa 
do npecKonu, new... 3amo... " 2il Ocbch na3eHeTO Ha noKOHHHica, 3afli>ji>KHTejiHO e h 
na3eHeTO b MtJinaHne Ha H3iconaHHa rpo6 p,o caMOTO norpe6eHHe: „Edun mypmin 
UMaxMe u edun Kaypun - pucmuHHUH. (...) za zo usKonae zpodom u cedaem mye da 
eapdaem (...) Tye cedam, dop ce Kjiae noemm, " 232 

B CreGjieBO HMa cnoMeH, ne ca onnaKBajiH nonHHajiHTe - npaKTHica, no3HaTa b 
nejina pernoH h cpe/i xpncTHaHH, h cpea MiocKMMaHH, ho TOBa ca npaB&nH caMO 
6jih3kh Ha noHHHanHa >KeHH, a He cnennajmH >KeHH — onnaKBaHKH. H. JlnMaHOC- 
kh ro Hapnqa „KyKaHbe", a aceHnre, kohto onnaKBar „nfbOKaHKu". OnnaKBa ce 
b fleHa Ha CMtpTra, Tpn nope/nrH neTtica cjiefl TOBa, Ha noMeH (Ha 6 ce/jMnnn) h 
Ha rojjHHa (JlHMaHOCKH 1993: 345). OnnaicBaHeTO e eraBajio Ha 6tJirapcKH e3HK: 
„MauKa mu mom, mu nonunan 6pam mu, Mama mu nnanum, da n nyeui nen, maa ne 
npozopeaem hu eden nacp dpyz, cajuo name, wee zodunu cu nnavia... " 233 

IIpH H3HacaHe Ha KOBnera ot /jc-Ma bchhkh npnebCTBainn ce peayBar - flopn 
MiocKMMaHH Ha xpHCTHaHCKO norpe6eHHe. B ccjioto KOBnerc>T ce hoch Ha ptne 
flo rpo6HH],aTa. Cnefl; KaTO ce 3aiconae nonnHajinaT, He ce oOptinar Ha3a/j. Xpnc- 
THaHHTe nocTaBaT Ha rpo6a KptCT, nBeTa. BapBa ce, ne KaKBOTO HBeTe e o6nHa.n 
HOBeK npn^KHBe, tbkmo to noHHKBa Ha rpo6a My: „MMameMepaK mn (cBeKtpBa h) 
docujieKo da cadum u usnese na zpoda. " 1M 

B c. ^>KenHiHa o6a/j ce /jaBa h npe/ni H3HacaHeTO Ha nonnHajina ot /jOMa, Be- 
nepTa ce npaBH Benepa 3a no-6jm3KHTe, Ha KoaTO Tpa6Ba /ja npnebCTBa 3a/ri>ji>KH- 
t&jiho )khto h xajiBa (Hobkobckh 2006: 129). Ha Tpane3ara cuefl norpe6eHHeTO 
b CTe6jieBO, KoaTO Cbino ce npaBH Ha o6a/j, Tpa6Ba p,a HMa 3aicnaHO >khbotho, 
npHroTBeHO c 606, c opro. Ha norpeGajmara Tpane3a He ce nne ajncoxoji: „He 
nuem, 3auA.n0 KaK 3anunm, xe 3anenm my! (cMee ce) TaKu paKunna me mepa mu 
da neuuil " 235 no HHCJpopManna ot c. >I6jiaHHHa (P Maice/jOHna) one/i CMtprra ce 
npHHaca )KepTBa - Kyp6aH, icaro aKO noHHHanHaT e mt>>k, ce kojih obch, aKO e acem 
- OBHa. /Jopn no-paHO KypGantT ce e npaBcn b /j>KaMHa, a mccoto b cbinna /jeH ce 
e pa3flaBajio no Ktmn - KaTO 3aflyniHnna 3a nonnHajina (JlnMaHOCKn 1993: 346). 
ToBa Ha6jnofleHHe caMO noTBtp^K/jaBa Te3aTa 3a e/nracTBOTO Ha pernoHa, He3a- 
bhchmo ot fltp^KaBHHTe rpaHHnn. Ha norpeGajmara (a h Ha noMeHHaTa) Tpane3a 



231 To/iopKa MnpnecKa PaMKO (6a6a Pycaiiua), 30.04.2006, c. Cre6jieBO. 

232 To,z;opKa MnpnecKa PaMKO (6a6a Pycaiiua), 30.04.2006, c. Cre6neBO. 

233 XaziacH IlHpyiuH, p. 1949 r. b Cre6neBO, o6p. BHCiue, pa6oTHJi b MeTanypriraeH kom- 
6HHaT b En6acaH, ot 1 997 r. >KHBee b TnpaHa, npeAce^aTeji Ha /ipyacecTBO „IIpocnepHTeT 
Tono Etp^o"; rp. CoiJiHa, 10.06.2008, 3an. B. ToH^eBa. 

234 To/iopKa MnpnecKa PaMKO (6a6a PycaHi;a), 30.04.2006, c. Cre6neBO 

235 To/iopKa Miipnecica PaMKO (6a6a PycaHi;a), 30.04.2006, c. Cre6neBO 

61 



npiiebCTBa >khtoto. 06peflHHAT xjia6 Ha norpeGajiHara Tpane3a e mapeH - „ Kona- 
huhh co K-bpcm ", niapn ce co „ npoccpopa (npocKopa) ". 

B CreGjieBO h ot xphcthshh, h ot MiocKraMami „noMeH" ce npaBH 6 ceflMimn 
cnea CM'bpTTa (Taxa ce 3aaB5raa, a He 40 ahh): „euKaMe na mecme nedenu Ke udem 
mo KOMiuuume, ceaemo. M He npaujue mu3HUk... (...) MasnuK, u apacp ne npauMe, 
Meco ne npaujue, nujincp co Meco, maim... " 236 B ctceflHOTO ceno >I6jiaHHHa (Ha 
TepHTopnaTa Ha flHenmaTa P Maice/iOHHa; cnope/i hskoh rocneflOBaTejiH cmho ro- 
jio6tp3CKo) ctmo Ha raecT ce^MHHH ce npaBH „3adyuiHuua", b aoMa ce MecflT 
„KOJimuHH" , Btpxy thx ce nocTaBa xajiBa 237 h ce hoch no flOMOBeTe (JlnMaHOCKH 
1993: 346). Ha to3h noMeH /jpexHre Ha nonnHajina ce pa3aaBar Ha rpo6nmaTa. 
Cjie^BamHTe noMeHH (b npeflxofleH /jeH npe/jH /jamTa) ca Ha 6 Meceua, Ha ro/nraa, 
Ha flBe, Ha Tpn h t.h. H. JlnMaHOCKH nnrae, ne npn MiocKwiMaHHTe ot Tojio Etpao 
b P MaKeflOHHH 238 Ha rpo6nina o6hkhobcho ce xo/jh j\o ro/nnia cpemy nerBK h no- 
HeaejmHK, a Ha ^enaTa ce aaBa xajiBa h „ muzanui^u " 3a ayinaTa Ha yMpejraa (Jln- 
MaHOCKH 1993: 345). B CreOjieBO Ha rpo6nma ce xo/jh b Helena cne^; o6afl (T.e. 
cpemy noHeflejiHHK). Ha CnacoB^eH cmho ce xo^h Ha rpoGnma, hoch ce >khto, 
pa3MeHaT ce „Ma3Huiju - mu Mene — h mede" h ce /hdo6h khccjio mjisko c xjia6, 
„ma da ce Mevuaem yMpenume... da zu panam ". 

JlnMaHOCKH TBtp^H, ne cnefl CMtpTTa Ha GjirotK hobck >KeHHTe b Tojio Etpao 
hocat Ha maBHTe ch 6ejiH KtpnH, niaMHH, ho ctmo TaKa ce hoch h nepHO. B Cre6- 
jieBO ce >KajiH b nepHO o6hkhobcho ro ro/niHara, ho, cnope/i hskoh cb6eceflHHHH, 
b MHHajiOTO HBeTtT 3a >KaneHe e 6hji He nepeH, a tbmho nepBeH. 

B CTe6jieBO ce npaKTmcyBa norpe6BaHeTO Btpxy npe/jHiueH rpo6: „peduj\ie 
Hue HoeK na hock", ho Tpa6Ba jya. ca MHHajiH Hafi-MajiKO 3 ro/niHH. H3MHBaT ce 
CTapnre kocth h ce nocTaBaT p,o noKOHHrnca. He e no3Hara npaKTHKaTa 3a BTopo 
norpe6eHHe b 06m, rpo6 hjih KOCTHHHa. noHHHajiHre HeKptCTeHH ce norpe6BaT 
H3BtH rpoGHHiara: „... mue mo ca HeKopcmeHU...HeKopcmen, so pedam nacmpa- 
Ha...ne co ceume... " 139 

Karo o6o6iHeHHe MO>Ke /ja ce Ka>Ke, ne KajieHflapHara h ceMeHHara o6pe/jHOCT 
Ha 6tJirapHTe b Tojio Btp^o no cbohtc ochobhh napaMeTpn, CTpyKTypHO h cbjxbp- 
^KarejiHO e e/nimia c 6tJirapcKaTa Tpa/niHHOHHa o6pe/jHOCT h TOBa c/jhhctbo ce 
Ha6jnoaaBa Ha pa3JiHHHH paBHHina. rojioGtpflCKHTe o6pe/ni, o6nHaH h npa3HHHH 
MapKHpar no3HaTHTe Ha Gt-nrapcKara eTHHnecKa TepnTopna MO^ejiH. 



236 ToziopKa MnpiecKa PaMico (6a6a PycaHi;a), 30.04.2006, c. Cre6neBO 

237 B an6aHCKaTa nacT Ha Tojio Etpzio npaKTHKaTa j\& ce pa3^aBa o6pe^eH xna6 (Kona^HHa) 
h xanBa ce CBi>p3Ba h c Paivia3aH BanpaM. 

238 ABTOpiT TH HapHHa MaKe^OHLlH. 

239 To/iopKa MnpiecKa PaMKO (6a6a PycaHi;a), 30.04.2006, c. Cre6neBO. 



62 



IV. MY3HKA 

To3H flan Ha TeKCTa me npe/jCTaBH TpaaHHHOHHara My3HKa Ha 6tJirapHTe ot 
Tojio Etpao (Aji6aHHfl) Btpxy MaTepnaji ot cejiara CreGjieBO h KneHbe. 06eKT Ha 
aHanH3H h pa3Ct)KfleHHa e npeHMymecTBeHO necemmaT (JoojiKJiop, ho me 6tfle 3a- 
cerHaTa h HHCTpyMeHrajmaTa npaKTHKa b pernoHa, 3a kohto e OTicpHTa HHcJoopMa- 
HHa. KaKTO Bene 6eme cnoMeHaTO b yBO/jHHTe flyMH, 3anHCBaHeTO, h no-KOHKpeT- 
ho HOTHpaHeTO, Ha to3h neceHeH (jjojnoiop e ntpBOTO no po/ja ch 3a o6iHHOCTTa 
Ha 6tJirapHTe b Tojio Etp/jo - TOBa e e/jHH Heno3Har b My3HKanHO OTHoraeHne 
MaTepnaji He caMO b BtJirapna, ho h b flHenma Peny6jiHKa MaKe/jOHHa (hhhto 
npe^CTaBHTejiH cbmo npoBeac^aT H3CJie/niaHHa b oGjiacrra Tojio Btp^o). 

IleceHHHaT (jjojiKnop, H3HbJiHaBaH b Tojio Btp^o, ce /je(j)HHHpa KaTO 6tJirapcKH 
h ce nerHTHMHpa npe3 6tJirapcKHa nporoxofl: „...Hue om Eyjizapun CMe, kciko no, 
oeue ujo hu e Muna u juy3UKama dynzapcKa. TaKeu necMU neeM. " 240 H TOBa ce ot- 
Haca h 3a xphcthshh, h 3a MiocKraMaHH, tt>h icaro necemmaT hm penepToap e e/jH- 
HeH. Ta3H eTHHnecKa /je(j)HHHHHa Ha My3HKara, CBtp3aHa etc caMOonpe/jejiaHeTO 
Ha o6mHOCTTa, o6ane He MO>Ke ^a ce pa3rae>Kaa H30JinpaHO, 3amoTO GtnrapcKHTe 
cejiHma b Tojio Btp^o ca noeraBeHH b aji6aHCKHa e3HKOB h KymypeH kohtckct, a 
toh ce HfleHTH(j)HHHpa KaTO „Hy)KflOTo", „flpyroTo" h TOBa ce ynoTpe6flBa b co6ct- 
BeHHTe MexaHH3MH 3a opa3JiHHaBaHe h OTrpaHHiaBaHe: „L(ejio rojio6i>pdo cajuo 
dyzapcKa My3UKa cjiywam, ne ajidancKa, hu HUKaKea. " M1 KaKTO nniue H. IlejieBa, 

„KaKBHTO H TeXHHKH 3a aBTOOnHCaHHe J\?i H3nOJI3Ba, KaKBHTO H „Cy6CTaHHHajIHH" 
CBOH OC06eHOCTH fla H3TT>KBa KaTO KOHCTHTyHpaiHO ro, e/jHO „a3" - HJIH eflHO „HHe" 

- HeMHHyeMO nocTyjinpa (b no-TBtp^ hjih no-MeK pe)KHM Ha (jjopMynnpoBKHTe) 
HajiHHHeTO Ha rpaHHHH, OTBtfl kohto 6nTHHCTBa He-CBoeTO, pa3JiHHHOTo" (IlejieBa 
2001: 135). 06iHHOCTTa 3aiHHTaBa cbocto „HHe" flopn h KoraTO e h3bt>h co6ctbc- 
hoto ch npocTpaHCTBO (npH MHrpnpaHe b rpa/jOBeTe) h e/jHH ot HanHHHTe e tbkmo 
ctxpaHaBaHeTO Ha My3HKara, necHHTe, b kohto e KO/nipaHO caM03aaBaBaHeTo: „Bo 
flpm Hue CMe ceume zojio6i>pdcKu nwdu, UMa mpuuee KyKu, cade necMU 6yzapcKu 
cu neeMe u nyeajue, cade necMU dyzapcKu. " 242 Hajimie e HfleHTH(|)HHHpaHe Ha Et>ji- 
rapna h 6tJirapcKaTa My3HKa, 3amoTO E-bJirapna e „po/jHHaTa", c kohto ce CBtp3Ba 
npomxojybT, ho Ta e no-CKopo HMarHHepeH o6pa3 3a Ta3H o6ihhoct. ManHHHa ca 
Te3H, kohto ca xoflHJiH b E-bJirapna h pa3nojiarar c kohkpctho 3HaHHe 3a Hea. B 
to3h cmhcbji Ha My3HKara ce OTpeac/ja pojia Ha CBoe6pa3eH Me/niarop, npe3 kohto 
ce apryMeHTHpa OTHoraeHHeTO ki>m EtJirapna: „Huen caKajue Eyzapun! Om cma- 



240 BaMpaM By3HOB, 17.06.2007, CTe6neBO. 

241 Ca6pn MypaTH, p. 1966 r. b CTe6neBO, o6p. ochobho, kmct Ha c. Cre6neBo; c. Ore6- 
neBO, 17.06.2007 r., 3an. B. ToH^eBa. 

242 BaMpaM By3HOB, 17.06.2007, CTe6neBO 



63 



po epeMe. Koza neem mejieemun, moza paduo ujuaejue, ne mejieemun, Me pa36u- 
paw? Koza neee nennKume dyzapcKu, c-bpuemo da mu pacmum! Ci>puemo da mu 
pacmum. (...) H caKajue MJiozy Eyzapun Mue. " 243 

Tpa/jiiiiHOHHaTa neceH c eTHiinecKH „eTHiceT" „6tJirapcKa", icaro e/jHH ot 3Ha- 
HHTe 3a eTHHnecKa npHHa/uie>KHOCT, a OTTaM h KaTO nacT ot MexaHH3MHTe Ha ca- 
MoonpeaejiflHeTO, 6h Morna 3a Gt/je y6eaHTejiHO 30Ka3aTejiCTBO hmchho 3a Ta3H 
npHHafljiOKHOCT 244 . Om,e noBene, ne anGaHCKHTe (apnaymcKu) necHH He ca nacT 
ot TpajjHHHOHHHa „HHBeHTap" Ha o6mHOCTTa, 3HaHHeTO 3a Tax ce npHflo6HBa B 
no-HOBO BpeMe npe3 mcthhtc (pa/niOTo): „TIecMU ce neenu dyzapcKu om cmapo, 
om cmapo, mail nac, apnaymcKo tijo umom nyeno - no paduo... " 245 EflHOBpeMemio c 
TOBa o6ane 6tJirapcKHTe necHH, Hyra ctmo no pa/nio, ce pa3no3HaBaT KaTO H/jeH- 
thhhh etc CBOHTe: „MaKedouuH, nwdemo MaKedonun eennm noeKbe Kpau uac cme 
MaKedoHuu. MaKedonun eenu - eue cme juaKedonuu. A Bwe KaKBO MHCJiHTe? IJo 
H3UKom Mue eenuMe, ko neum na paduo necMU Mnozy ydaeu, ca Kam nautu, koko 
juecmo name, eautu necMU ca KaKo Mue eo cejio name, a MaKedoncKu - ne. " 246 

„Cpemara Ha >khbo" Ha GtJirapn ot Tojio Etpao c 6tJirapcKa Tpa/nmHOHHa My- 
3HKa cnefl /jeMOKpaTHHHHTe npoMeHH („ co Eynzapun ce eopseaeMe omKoza ce Mena 
dtpytcaeama, omna nadna KOMynmjuama ") Ha eMnnpHHHO paBHHine 3aTBtp)KaaBa 
3HaHneTO hm 3a eTHHHecKara Bpt3Ka c EtJirapna. EtJirapicH ot CreGjieBO, Tojio 
Btpflo etc cbfleficTBHeTO Ha AreHHHaTa 3a GtnrapHTe b qyacGnHa ynacTBaT b 
OcMHa HaHHOHajieH ctGop Ha GtJirapcKOTO Hapo/jHO TBopnecTBO b KonpHBiHHHa 
npe3 2000 r.: „rieaxMe dee necMe, cmedneecKu, majuo zu nye h - ... Enazoeezpad, 
UMauie ceeme necMe, kouujo zu neejue Hue eo Cmedneeo, da, mea necjweme... Hue 
usneneMe "3acnana flapa, npecnana " u "Haeanu opu deeouKo eo nueazbeno ", oea 
necMa n nee u Enazoeezpad, Mue n nyejue necjuama, u{o majuan n neeeMe Mue, 
ceeme necMe, u\o zu ujua eo Cmedneeo, zu nye majuo r, na (pecmueanb, cmape 
necMe... " M1 IleceHTa „3acnajia ,H,apa" (Ne 66) ce npneivia b Henna pernoH 3a th- 
nHHHO CTe6jieBCKa h e b xapaKTepHHa MeTpyM 7/8 (ot THna 3-2-2). „HaBanH ae- 
bohko" (N°61) eB2/4, ho neceHTa „Tpn roflHHH, Kare, 6cwieH jie>Ka"(N°71) eBtpxy 



243 HcManji Thhh, 02.06.2008, CTe6jieBO 

244 H3bi>h noconeHaTa KaTeropHHHOCT Ha eraHHecKOTO onpe^enaHe HMa cjiyqan, b ko- 
hto npoH3xo^i>T Ha neceHHHTe o6pa3HH He e aceH; e^HHCTBeHOTO cnrypHO e, ne ne- 
CHHTe „npHHa/iJie>KaT" Ha o6mHOCTTa: ,,Mue detect cjue neenu dojua, HUHUMe, dena ca 
nauiu necMU. Kou nesui, om Kail ce doenu, eduH rocnod 3Haum... " (BnoneTa MypaTcma, 
04.04.2008, TnpaHa). 

245 BnoneTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa 

246 Amzjx TaMH3H, p. 1940 r. b c. CTe6neBO, o6p. 7 kji., My3HKaHT, (JiOTorpaiJ), ^ronrepHH, 
cera Hapo^eH nenHTen (6hjikh), c. CTe6neBO, 02.06.2008, 3an. B. ToHHeBa, A. 5KanoB. 

247 Ca^eTe nnpyuiH, 10.06.2008, rp. CoijpHH. 

64 



Cbinara Mejioflna, nocTaBeHa b 7/8. Moate fla ce Kaate, ne h flBaTa npHMepa ca b 
yHHCOH c TpaflnnnaTa Ha KOro3anaflHa Euirapna. 

BjiH30CTTa Meatfly 6tJirapcKHTe necHH h necHHTe ot flHeniHa MaKeflOHHa ce 

OTHHTa H OT H3m>JIHHTe.JIHTe H TOBa nO CBOeo6pa3eH HaHHH TH npOTHBOnOCTaBfl Ha 

an6aHCKHTe necHH (kohto Hafi-MajiKOTO ca Ha „flpyr" e3HK, ocbch ne ce OTJinnaBar 
h b My3HKajiHO OTHOHieHHe): „^m cume necnu u d^nzapcuu, u MaKedoHCKume He- 
Mam zojieMa pasjiuKa, sa da zu neeui. As ujuaM nyeuo mhozo 6-bnzapcKu necnu, jua- 
KedoncKu,.., na 3a Mene MaKedoncKume, 6-bnzapcKuma ca mu mhozo necnu, necnu, 
3aufo h sdopee mou h3uk. A andancKume 6ea meotcKu, 3aujo h zu UMaM yneno, 6ee 
napmman, ne 3naee eden nacp, uiecmnaecem zodumen, napmman. " Ms YcTaHOBa- 
BaHeTO Ha 6jih30Ct, cxoactbo hjih BapnaHTHOCT Ha neceHHH o6pa3HH, H3m>.nHaBa- 
hh „OTBi>fl rpaHHHaTa" - b ah. Peny6jiHKa MaKeflOHHa h b EtJirapna, e pesyjrrar He 
caMO Ha reorpacjjCKH, ho b mhoto no-rojraMa CTeneH Ha flnajieKTHH h no-KomtpeT- 

HO Ha My3HKajIHO-(j)OJHCnOpHO-flHajieKTHH (jjaKTOpH. H3KyCTBCHOTO fl>pataBHO-nO- 

jiHTHnecKO pa3flejiaHe Ha eflHa TepnropHa (ot eflHa erpaHa, Tojio Etpflo, noflejieHO 
Meatfly flHeniHHTe peny6jiHKH Aji6aHna h MaKeflOHHa, a ot flpyra h caMaTa hcto- 
pHKO-reorpacj)CKa o6jiacT MaKeflOHHa KaTO othochtcjiho eflHHHa roBopHa h My3H- 
KajiHO(j)OJiKJiopHa o6jiacT), eflBa jih Moate fla 3ajiHHH hchhoto H3HaiajiHO KyniypHO 
eflHHCTBO, BtnpeKH flHCTaHHHaTa ot BpeMeTO, Koraro ca 3anonHajiH h ca ce peajin- 
3npajiH npoHecHTe Ha pa3flejieHne h nocjieflBainHTe rn perHOHanHH nenrpoGeatHH 
h HeHTpocTpeMHTejiHH eTHOKyjiTypHH flBH»teHHa b 3anaflHHTe EanKaHH. 

H3ntJiHaBaHeTO Ha necHH, nporoxoatAainn ot EtJirapna h flHenma P MaKeflO- 
HHa, b anGaHCKara e3HKOBa h KyjiTypHa cpefla He e 6hjio 3a6paHeHO (flopn no Bpe- 
Me Ha peatHMa Ha E. Xoflata): „Bo Kneme, u nadeop 249 , cnyuiau H3 neee d^nzapcKu 
necMe, ManedoncKu necMe. Hukou ne mu pene - ne neiil " 250 Ho aji6aHCKHaT rpaat- 
flaHHH, npoH3xoatflaiH ot Tojio Btpflo, Ub. Ma3HHKy ch cnoMHa, ne rojioGtpflCKH 
(j)OJiKJiopHH rpynn ca ynacTBajiH Ha (jjecTHBajin Ha pernoHajmo hhbo etc co6ct- 
BeHHTe ch necHH, ho He Ha MannnH e3HK, a npeBefleHH Ha aji6aHCKH 251 (Ma3HHKy 
2006: 23). ToBa 03HanaBa, ne necemmaT (jjoiiKJiop Ha Te3H OtJirapn e (jjyHKnn- 
OHHpaji KaTO 6tJirapcKH caMO 3a „co6cTBeHa ynoTpe6a", ctinecTByBaji e b opn- 
rHHajiHHa ch bha caMO b paMKHTe Ha othochtcjiho 3arBopeHara BceKHflHeBHa h 
npa3HHHHa CHereMa Ha o6inHOCTra. ToBa ot CBoa CTpaHa e (jjaKTop 3a ctxpaHeHOCT 
Ha o6peflHH neceHHH o6pa3nn ot cpaBHHTejiHO no-paHHH KyniypHH miacTOBe. 



248 Eo>khh (Dhjibokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

249 HaBTjH 

250 Eo*chh Ohjibokh, 01.04.2008, TnpaHa. 

251 CtmpTO Ba>KH h 3a HOCHHTe - He e 6hjio flonycicaHO npeflCTaBjme etc co6cTBeHHTe ho- 
chh. B TOBa CBoe Ha6jnofleHHe aBToptT npneivia e3HKa h hochhtb 3a MaiceflOHCKH. 

65 



IleceHHHaT penepToap, kohto me 6i>ae pa3rae/iaH, He H3nepnBa Hfljiara Tpa/jn- 
iniOHHa neceHHOCT Ha #BeTe cejia, b kohto e H3Bi>puieHO npoynBaHeTO, ho Bee naK 
b rojiflMa CTeneH HJHOCTpnpa ocHOBHHTe napaMeTpH Ha necemiHs (jjojiKJiop H3- 
o6ino ot pernoHa. AHajiH3i>T Ha neceHHH o6pa3HH Tpa6Ba j\a. 3anonHe c Ba>KHOTO 
yTOHHemie, ne b cenaTa CreOjieBO h KneHbe He 6e otkpht Tpa/ninHOHeH /njyniac, 
ho b rpaHHHHHTe cena b ctce/mara Bap/japcKa MaKe/jOHna ctino ne ce OTKpHBa 
Tpa^KHHOHHa neceHHa /jHacjjOHHa. /JnajieKTHOTO c/ihhctbo Ha pernoHa b My3HKan- 
HO-(j)OJiKJiopHO OTHoraeHHe, 3a icoeTO CTaHa flyMa no-rope, o6flCH5raa h Jinncara Ha 
3Byraac b aji6aHCKHTe rojioGtpflCKH cejia. HnrepecHO e o6ane, ne Tpa/jnnHOHHaTa 
npa3HHHHOCT e 6njia, a h jxhqc e 03BynaBaHa ot HHCTpyMeHTH b ycTonnHBOTO ct>- 
neTaHHe Ha jxrq 3ypmi h jxrz. TtnaHa, hhcto My3HHHpaHe e /njyraacHO. Mo>Ke p,a ce 
npe/Hiojio>KH, ne pernoHtT e ejjHoraaceH (KoeTO ce flOKa3Ba ot HajinqneTO e/nra- 
CTBeHO Ha e^HoraacHH erporo o6peflHH necHH), a aByraacHara HHCTpyMenrajiHa 
npaKTHKa Ha 3ypHHTe h TtnaHHTe e npeHeceHa ot HHraHCKHTe My3HicaHTH, kohto 
Ca H eflHHCTBCHHTe h hochtcjih. 

B onHTa 3a KnacHCJjHHnpaHe Ha pa3rae>K/iaHHfl neceHeH (jjojncnop mhoto acHO 
ce OTKpoflBaT /nm njiaera - ycnoBHO Ka3aHO, no-paHeH h no-KtceH. IIpeflBHa My- 
3HKajiHOTO cbfltp^KaHHe MO)Ke fla ce nocTaBH /jocTa KareropnHHa rpaHHHa Meayjy 
oGpe^HHTe necHH (KajieH^apHa hjih ceMefiHa o6pe/jHOCT), kohto ca c no-apxannHO 
3ByqeHe, necHHTe 6e3 o6pe/jHa (jjyHKHHH h Te3H, hhhto HHTOHaHHOHeH o6jihk e 
rpaacKO-cejiCKH h ce OTHacaT kbm no-KtCHH My3HKajiHH nuacTOBe 252 . H MaKap ne 
o6peflHHTe necHH /piec ce OTKpHBar ctxpaHeHH npe/niMHO caMO KaTO 3HaHne h ot- 
flaBHa ca H3ry6njiH (jjyHHHOHajiHOCTTa ch (c MajiKH H3KjnoHeHna, KaTO HanpHMep, 
CBaT6eHHTe necHH npn npaBeHe Ha „norana" b CT>6oTHara Benep), Bee naK tbkmo 
o6peflHara (jjyHKnna e npe/jnocTaBaina My3HKajmnTe hm xapaKTepncTHKn - TeceH 

TOHOB 06eM, CnenHCJjHHHO (j)OpMyjIHO My3HKajIHO MHCJieHe, H3KpHCTajIH3HpaHe Ha 

HaKOJiKO ochobhh MejiOflHKO-pHTMHnecKH MO/jejia, Btpxy kohto ce „pa3nojiara" 
HejinaT penepToap Ha ctOTBeTHHa o6pe/j. 

IIo HHCJjopManna ot c. CreGjieBO H3HbJiHHTejiCKH necHHTe ca 6hjih /ni(j)epeH- 
HnpaHH no nonoB npn3HaK: „}KeHume dpyza, Hue dpyza necjua. TKencKu necMe 
dpyzu ce mux, mookku - dpyzu. " 253 06pe/nrnTe necHH ca caMO mcchckh, „]vrh)KKHTe" 
necHH ca 6a.ua/nTTe, Tpane3HHTe necHH n pp. ToBa e CBtp3aHO n c o6oco6flBaHeTO 



252 TaKtB e H36paHHAT npHHunn Ha no/ipeac^aHe Ha necHHTe b nacTTa c MaTepnajiH - ot 
o6pe^HH ki>m npa3HHHHH h BceKH/nieBHH necHH, ot no-CTapn ki>m no-HOBH nuacTOBe, ot 
no-apxaHHHH cencKH necHH kt>m no-HOBH rpa^cKO-cencKH, rpa^cKH h nonynapHH necHH, 
3ayqeHH npe3 Me^HHTe. 

253 OepHT TaMH3H, p. 1943 r. b c. Cre6neBO, o6p. 4 kji., 6hphhk b Cre6neBo; c. CTe6neBO, 
04.06.2008, 3an. B. ToHneBa. 

66 



Ha MT>)KKH H >KCHCKH H3nbJIHHTe.JICKH CTHJIOBe, B 6tJirapCKHa My3HKajIHO-(j)OJIKJIO- 

peH KOHTeKCT, aHajiH3HpaHH ot J\. KaycjjMaH (b)k. KaycjjMaH 2008), ho 3anncaHHaT 
MarepHaji ot Tojio Btp^o He Moace 3a 6i>ae pa3rae>K/iaH no to3h HanHH, Ttfi KaTO 
Ha6jHOfleHHHTa He ca /jocTarbHHO 3a3i>ji6oHeHH. 

U,eHTpajieH Kopnyc ot necHH, ron'bJiHaBaHH b CreGjieBO h KneHbe, e CBtp3aH c 
reprbOB/jeHCKara o6peflHOCT nopa/jH oco6eHO Ba^KHOTO mscto, KoeTO npa3HHKbT 
3aeMa b KajieH/japa h Ha xpHcraaHH, h Ha MK>cio.nMaHH. PnTyajiHOTO xoaeHe caMO 
ot >KeHH (momh h MJia/jH HeBecTn) „ nampeea " npe/ni H3rpeB cjrbHHe Ha TeprbOB- 
fleH e 6hjio npnflpy>KeHO c neceH - Ha m>T 3a o6pohhoto Macro Banycp (b c. Cre6- 
jieBo), Kb/jeTO hocht Ha6paHH no nbTa HBeTa; Ha caivraa BaKycp, Kb/jeTO ce pa3aaBa 
o6peaeH xjia6, 6epe ce /ipaH, pnTyajiHO ^KeHnre ce H3MHBaT Ha H3Bopa n cmho ce 
neaT necHH, h OTKb/jeTO B3eMaT BO,zia, 3a p,a a HOcaT no /jOMOBeTe en, othobo c 
neceH. 

CTporaTa oGB-bpsaHOCT Ha necHHTe c KOHKpeTeH o6pe/jeH momcht e 3a6paBeHa, 
ho npn Brae^cflaHe b nocoHBaHHre KaTO „zwpzeedeHCKu" necHH MO>Ke /ja ce ot- 
6ejie)KH cnenncjjHHHOTO hm 3ByneHe - ceMnna M&no/nrqecKa jinHna b KBapTOB hjih 
kbhhtob aM6HTyc h /nm othochtcjiho ycTofinHBH MO/jejia, kohto ce penpo^ynnpaT 
c BapnaHTHOCT b pa3JiHHHH o6pa3nn h kohto b CTHJin3HpaH bh3 H3rjie)K3aT Taxa: 

Modeji 1 - „Si Ha 6op/jo coHne" (J\e5), „MnjiBeT mh ce /nm 6paTa po/unm" (N26), 
„CycTaji mh Tiopo no^ Canym rpa/ja" (N°8), „Bora mojih GonmanKa ^eBOHKa" 
(JV29) 254 

HoTeH npHMep 1 



n P . 1 



Rubato 



j J. n J- J 1 ^ \>yi j 



Moden 2 - „Ka>KH mh Kami p,e Mopn To^e", (N°l) b 6e3MeH3ypeH BapnaHT (a) h 
„>lHKyjia mh, CeKyjia mh" (N°3), „Tpn ro/jHHH EH^eKaa" (N°2) b MeH3ypaneH Bapn- 
aHT cbOTBeTHO b 2/4 (6) n 7/8 (b), KaTO e Ba>KHO jya. ce otG&jiokh, ne xopoBO/jHHTe 
necHH ca H3HbJiHaBaHH h Ha flpyrn npa3Hnnn, ocbch Ha TeprbOBfleH. 



254 Ta3H neceH e H3m>jiHeHa b one #Ba BapHanra - czihhhht e MeH3ypaneH BapnaHT Ha 
noconeHHa, a btophht e 3anncaH caMO KaTO TeKCT (N° 10, 11). 



67 



HoTeH npiiMep 2 



a) Rubato 



rip .2 



jin^JJ 



^ 



♦ 



# 



^ 



b) 



^ 



^ 



^=^ 



*J 



^ 



H b flBara npHMepa KBapTaTa KaTO MejioannecKH HHTepBan ma Ba>KHa CTpyK- 
TypHa pojifl - b ntpBHa Moaen HanajmnaT Hroxo/jain KBapTOB ckok Meatfly III 
CTeneH n noflOCHOBHna toh c BT>3xoflamo 3antJiBaHe h nocneflBainnaT Bt3xoflain 
KBapTOB CKOK, 3am>JIHeH HH3X0flaiI],0 flO OCHOBCH toh, npaKTHnecKH oc})opMa na- 
jiara MejiOflHa-cjjopMyjia, a bt>b BTopna MOfleji no-CKopo e o6paTHOTO - HananHOTO 
HH3xoflam,o flBHateHHe b paMKHTe Ha KBapTa (etc 3acaraHe h Ha kbhhtob toh) e 
nocneflBaHO ot Bi>3xoflaina KBapTa. HanajranaT KBapTOB ckok ot ntpBHa MOfleji 
noHTH He ce cpema b neceHHHa (jjojiKJiop Ha K)ro3anaflHa EtJirapna h flHeuma 
P MaKeflOHna - toh npnflaBa oco6eHa apKOCT h MejiOfliinecKa cneHncjjHHHOCT Ha 
necHHTe, ho ot flpyra CTpaHa 6h MortJi fla ce pa3me»tfla KaTO 6ejier 3a apxannHOCT 
h ctxpaHeHOCT Ha 6tJirapcKaTa neceHHa Tpaflnnna ot aji6aHCKara nacT Ha Tojio 
Btpflo. 

IIo cxoaeH HanHH b CBaT6eHaTa o6peflHOCT Morar fla ce H3Beflar eflHH hjih Ha- 

KOJIKO MeJIOflHKO-pHTMHHeCKH MOflCJia, peajIH3HpaH],H Ce B pa3JIHHHH o6pa3HH. 

My3HKajiHHaT komhohcht b CBaT6eHHa pnTyaji e CBoeo6pa3Ha nniocTpanHa 3a 
ctxpaHeHH CTapHHHH nnacTOBe b ceMenHara o6peflHOCT. TyK HaKpaTKO me 6i>flaT 
pa3rjieflaHH (jjyHKHHOHanHO o6Btp3aHHTe necHH b CBaT6aTa ot Tojio Etpflo, t. Hap. 
„npoTOKOJiHH necHH" no H. KaycjjMaH (b>k. KaycjjMaH" 1976: 14-20). 06pa3eni>T, 
H3ntJiHaBaH npn xofleHeTO Ha BOflefflina h M&JieHeTO Ha )khtoto - B>k. „OfleTe co 
3flpaBbe, BOfleHHHapH" (N°13) no My3HKajiHH 6ejie3H e xopoBOflHa neceH b THnnn- 



68 



Hiia 3a periiOHa MeTpyM 7/8 (ot THna 3-2-2), c othochtcjiho iniipoic tohob o6eM 

(HHCTa KBHHTa). 

IleceHHHTe o6pa3HH, npeflHa3HaHeHH 3a „3aMecBaHeTO Ha xjia6oBeTe", HMaT 
pHTyajiHO 3ByqeHe - B)k. „3aMecHBMe Jie6oHre, afi Hama HeBecTo" (N°14) - b Te- 
ceH tohob o6eM (aM6HTyc KBapTa) ce pa3rptma Mojjeji, kohto h b Mejio/jHHecico, 

H B MeTpOpHTMHHeCKO OTHOUieHHe e MHOrO flptK. MeTpOpHTMHHeCKOTO nocjieflo- 

BaHHe 5/4-5/4-7/4 e oco6eHO thhhhho 3a CBaT6eHaTa o6pe/jHOCT b H3CJie/iBaHHTe 
cejia. 255 

HrpaTa Ha „cj}UJibdoicaHu" b cpa/ja, HeTBtprbK hjih nerbK e CbnpoBOfleHa ot 
necHH: „Hjuy nee nocne kou ne zo uaude wbpcmeuom. ...Mkh neeeMeu3a ueeecma- 
ma - Kou mu zo uaude... " 2S6 - B>k. „Koh th ro Kynn nopcTeHOT tboh" (N°15), „Ke 
6h CHHOHKa Ha CBaB/ja" (N°16), „,H,eBOHHe Gejiofi h HtpBeHO, p,mawbM" (N2I7). 

HH(j)opMaHHfl 3a neceH npn npHroTBaHeTO Ha CBar6eHOTO 3HaMe b Cre6jieBO h 
KneHbe He 6e OTKpHTa (H. KaycjjMaH cnoMeHaBa, ne to3h THn necHH ca thhhhhh 
3a TpaKHa h no-Majiico ce cpemaT b K3ro3ana/nia EtJirapna - b)k. KaycjjMaH 1976: 
40), ho Moace ^a ce ^onycHe, ne Taio>B o6pa3eH e HMano. P. HBaHOBa HHTnpa no- 
flo6Ha neceH - „H3pacjio mh fltpBO bhcoko", H3ni>jiHaBaHa hmchho b to3h momcht 
(HBaHOBa 1984: 63), a b penepToapa Ha CBar6apcKHa My3HKaHT BafipaM By3HOB 
npncbCTBa neceHTa „H3HHKHajio (})HJiaH /jpeBO b /jeBOHKHHH flBopn" (N«18). Bi>3- 
mtokho e tbkmo TaKtB /ja e cnoBecHHaT MO^eji Ha neceHTa, cbnpoBoac/jama TOBa 
flencTBne. Ho e bt>3mo>kho h flpyro - K. HtpHymaHOB nnrnpa neceH „H3pacjio mh 
e 3ejieHO fltpBo" (J\e280) ot Bejiemico, kohto ce rontJiHaBa „KoraTO MJia/io>KeHKaTa 
ce o6jinna b /jeHa Ha CBar6ara" (HtpHyniaHOB 1956: 154-155), xe. Bt3MO>KHa e 
BapnaHTHOCT b npnKpeneHOCTTa Ha o6pa3ena kt>m ctOTBeTHHa momcht ot CBar- 
6eHna pHTyan (hjih noflroTOBKara My). A b My3HicajiHO OTHoraeHne npHMeptT ot 
Tojio Btpflo e othobo noconeHnaT Bene Mejio/jHKO-pHTMHiecKH MO/jeji 5/4-5/4-7/4 
b xpoMaTnneH BapnaHT (Kaicro n b N°13). 

HoTeH npnMep 3 

np. 3 



* 



UJ t H JJ JJ. JvUJ t H J ^ J. j^* J tt *l> 



~a 



Crporo pnTyajiHnaT h othochtcjiho ctxpaHeH h b cbBpeMeHHH ycjiOBHa mo- 



255 CBaT6eHHTe o6pa3UH, 3anHcaHH b Ta3H KOM6HHauH>i ot MeTpyMH, 6iixa moimih /ja ce ho- 
THpaT h KaTO 6e3MeH3ypHH b TeMno Rubato, TbM KaTO H3ra>jiHeHHeTO hm no-necTO e 6aBHO 
(TtpacecTBeHo) h c fltjirn ue3ypii Meayiy (J>pa3HTe (b MeH3ypanHOTO 3anHCBaHe - Meamy 
TaKTOBeTe). H36opi>T jx& ce nocTaBAT b MeTpyM e c ueji no/inepTaBaHe Ha HCHaTa BtTpeuiHa 
nyjicauHa, kohto cbinecTByBa, h to HMeHHO onepTaBama MeTpyMHTe 5/4-5/4-7/4. 

256 BaMpaM Ey3HOB, 03.04.2008, rp. Jlyptc (flpan). 

69 



MeHT Ha 3aMecBaHe h yicpacflBaHe Ha noranaTa b ct6oTa Benep b /jOMa Ha mom- 
neTO (c BapnaHTa h b /jOMa Ha momhhcto) e CbnpoBOfleH 3aflT>ji>KHTejiHO c neceH. 
3a to3h penepToap KareropHHHO ce 3Hae, ne e MecTeH, npeflaBaH no HacneflCTBO, 
toh e oco6eHO KOHcepBaTHBeH - CBi>p3aH e caMO etc CBaT6eHaTa o6peflHOCT h He 
ce HsntJiHABa npn HHicaKBH flpyra o6eroflTejiCTBa. He3aBHCHMO ot TOBa o6ane, 
b hhkoh cjiynan ce HaGmoaaBar ctMHeHHa h Te ca CBtp3aHH c reorpacjjCKOTO h 
/niajieKTHO e^HHCTBO Ha pernoHa: „TyKa nocne Koza ce nenem nozemama naeenep 
UMam necjue... ne snan om cmapa, KciKeu ce, 3Haeui cjue uyjiu na paduono, nenm u 
ohu om onde zpadnutfa, u nenm u mun, e ceza - ce namu, ce Huenu,,, n neMo^ce da 
3HOM. " 2S1 KaKTO Bene 6eme OT6ejia3aHO, oGjiacrra Tojio 6tpflO Ha npaKTHica e pa3- 
fl&neHa Meatfly fltpacaBHTe Aji6aHHa h MaiceflOHHa. B to3h cmhcbji flonycicaHeTO, 
ne OTBtfl rpaHHnaTa penepToaptT e cxofleH, HMa cbocto ocHOBaHHe. 

IlecHHTe, HsntJiHABaHH npn npaBeHe Ha norana, ce pa3BHBaT b paMKHTe Ha 
eflHH OTHOCHTejiHO aceH MejiOflHKO-pHTMHHecKH MOflen, kohto Ttpnn BapnaHT- 
hoct b no-rojiaMa CTeneH b MeTpopHTMnnecKO OTHomeHHe - Hanp. b no3HaTaTa 
MeTpopHTMHHHa cxeMa 5/4-5/4-7/4 („3aMecnxMe noraqara" N°19, KtfleTO e b fliia- 
TOHHHeH BapnaHT, pa3JiirqeH ot flHTHpamui b HoTeH npHMep 3) - (a), b 13/8 („Pa- 
flOCT hhhhjio, CHHa aceHiuio" N°20) - (6) h b 7/8 („Oh Mopn 6ejiafi norano" N°21, 
„Opn CBaKbe Mopn" N°22) - (b), a MejiOflHHecKH e othochtcjiho ycTOHHHB. 

HoTeH npHMep 4 



np. 4 



§1 jJJJ^J.^J' l j J]Jt]j ^^ 



m 



jffjjuj' 



J Jj J J J) 



^X Jj J ] j.j\ \ JJJJA 



*i 



^ 



m 



^ 



r- w 9 ^r- 9 * 



257 BnojieTa MypaTOBa, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

70 



MejiOflHHecKHHT MO/jeji ctfltpaca eflHH HanajieH KBapTOB ckok Meatfly nofloc- 
HOBeH toh h III CTeneH h HeroBOTO HH3xoflamo 3am>jiBaHe (b HH3xoflam,a nocoica 
BHHarH c II „HHCKa" CTeneH hjih c HecTaGHima II CTeneH). PenepToaptT ot necHH 
„na nozana" 6euie 3anncaH He caMO ot EafipaM By3HOB h BnoneTa MyparoBa, ho 
h qpe3 npeKH Ha6jnofleHHa Btpxy H3HBJiHeHHeTO Ha rpyna Bt3pacTHH >kchh npn 
npaBeHe Ha norana b TnpaHa (KBapTan „Kodpa e npucpmum") cpefl npecejiHHHH 
ot c. CreGjieBO. EflHOBpeMeHHOTO hm H3m>.nHeHHe etc CHJiH03ByqaiHHa 3annc, Ha 
kohto rocTHTe nrpaexa xopa, He nonpenH Ha okojio eflHonacoBOTO hm neeHe - one- 
BHflHO cna3BaHeTO Ha TpaflHHHaTa e oco6eHO Baaaio, flopn h b hobhs „(j)opMaT" 
Ha CBar6aTa b aji6aHCKara CTOJinna, MOflepHH3HpaHa no OTHOineHne Ha peflnna 
eneMeHTH, cpefl kohto 03BynaBaHeTO. 

BenepTa Ha „noranaTa" ce nrpaaT xopa: „Haeenep nozanama, ce 6epam ceume 
uzpam opa, donzu opa, u mooku, u otceuu, ceume. Ha KaKBO nrpar? Ha KaKBa m&jio- 
flna? Jlbecna, cumna, dpodna, KpontKa. fl,po6no opo, KpomKo, da odam cume, no- 
jieKa, ne co Jibemane... u/aam u co Jibemane. JIbemo e no-d-bpsy. A apo6ho? fl,po6no 
e no-neam neam... " 258 EflHa ot xopoBOflHnre necHH, rontJiHaBaHH ot rojioGtpflnn 
b to3h MOMeHT, e „Opo ce Bne Kpan MaHacTnpa" (N°23) - b 7/8 (ot BHfla 3-2-2). Ta 
e no3Harara n b EtJirapna b pa3JinnHn flnajieicrHH BapnaHTn. 

,Hpyra neceH, coneHa KaTO neceH „Ha xopo" b CBaT6aTa, e rontJiHaBaHa b c. 
KneHbe b cjieflHna BapnaHT: 

An bhho nne Jiene, bhho nne, bhho eM paxna, Jiene jiene, 

bhho eM paicna, 
oh Ha paxna, 6pe, Ha paicna, mhoto Mepaicnna, Jiene jiene, 

MHoro MepaKJina, 
on KOHa aBa, nene, KOHa aBa, KOHa aflacaMHa, Jiene uene, 

KOHa aflacaMHa. 
Ah a ro Hoca Ha momhho nopTH, Jiene jiejie, 

Ha MOMHHH nopTH, 

MOMHHHTe nopTH, MOMHHHTe nopTH, 6efie 3aTBOpeHH, 

6efie 3aTBopeHH, 
oh 6efia 3aTBopeHH, mhoto npeianoHeHH, Jiejie Jiene, 

mhoto npeicniOHeHH. 
OneBHflHO neceHTa e no3HaTa b pernoHa - HHTHpaHa e KaTO THiiHHHa xopoBOfl- 
Ha neceH b TpaflnnnoHHaTa CBar6a Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha flHeniHaTa P MaiceflOHHa h 
e etc cxofleH cnoBeceH tckct (ny6jiHKyBaHa e 6e3 hotch tckct): 
Mope bhho nnaM, bhho nnaM, bhho eM paxna, Jiene Jiene, 

bhho eM paxna. 



258 BaMpaM By3HOB, 03.04.2008, rp. flyptc (Jlpan). 

71 



Mope KOHa aBaM, kohs aBaM, KOHa a/x^caMna, Jiejie nene, 

kohh aa^aMna. 
Mope a3 ro TepaM, a3 ro TepaM, no nam aa ojih, Jiejie Jiejie, 

no naTH pa ojih. 
Mope oho KpniKa, oho Kpraxa, nop naTH, nap naTH, Jiejie Jiejie, 

nop naTH, nap naTH. 
Mope oflBefle Me, oflBeae Me, bo momhho ^Bopbe, jiejie jiejie, 

BO MOMHHO flBOpbC 

Mope nycTO nopTe, nycTO nopTe, 6erae 3aTBopeHO, 

jiene nene, 6eme 3aTBopeHO. 

(^Ke^Kejib-KajinqaHHH 2008: 179) 
ITbTaT po flOMa Ha HeBecTaTa n o6paTHO e 03ByneH ot 3ypHH h TtnaHH, ho 
caMnaT pnryaji b pomsl h e CMipoBoaeH c neceH, koato HMa o6peaHO 3ByneHe - c 
xapaKTepHna Bi>3X0Jiain KBapTOB ckok h ^pnrHHCKara ceicyHaa" npn HH3xoJiaino 
pBnmenne - B>k. „TpncTa CBaTOH nymaMe" (N°24). Eyjncara ce H3Be>KJia ot pom& h 
ot 6paT hjih 6paTOBnefl. IIpH t. Hap. „ nonpaujaHe " Ha HeBecTaTa cnennajiHa neceH 
e nocBeTeHa Ha po/XHTejiHie n Han-6jiH3KHTe n po/jhhhh - B>k. ,J\a th e )khbo, 
6a6o th, opn HeBecTo" (N°25). 

06peflHH necHH ce neaT KaKTO npn B3eMaHeTO Ha HeBecTaTa n KanBaHeTO n Ha 
KOHa, Taxa h npn cjin3aHeTO n ot KOHa. B noone/nina cjiynan neceHTa mciiojih- 
necKH n pHTMnnecKH e HanbJiHO cxoaHa c Qpnn ot o6pa3HHTe, rontJiHaBaHH npn 
3aMecBaHeTO Ha xjia6oBeTe. Ha npaKTHKa HejinaT o6peaeH neceHeH penepToap 
HHTOHaHHOHHO e „pa3nojio>KeH" Btpxy HaKOJiico MejioJTHKO-pnTMHnecKn Moaejia, 
KoeTO e THnHHHO 3a CTporaTa o6pejiHOCT. IleceHTa, H3HbJiHaBaHa npn cjin3aHe ot 
KOHa, noBTapa MeTpopHTMHHHaia (JjopMyna 5/4-5/4-7/4 b xpoMaiHHHHa (a He b 
flHaTOHHHHHa) BapnaHT - B>k. „E Te o6jiaK, op HeBecTo, h poca no Hero" (N°27). 
TeKCTOBO oneBH^HO to3h o6pa3en e CTporo CBi>p3aH c oGpeaima momcht, bi>b Ba- 
pnanra ot c. CtcGjicbo ce nee: 

(...) Anae CJie3HH, op HeBecTo, ot 6op3aro KOHa. 
5i He cjiara bht HOHara ot 6op3aro KOHa. 
Cn hh Ka^Kaji tokko 3JiaTO, He en mh ro p&jio (...) 
B ctceaHHTe cejia ot CTpy>KKO - >I6jiaHHna, BopoBeH n JIa6yHnine (P MaKe- 
aoHna) TeKCTtT Ha neceHTa npn BJin3aHeTO Ha HeBecTaTa b jjBopa Ha HOBna n pom 
e cjieaHHaT: 

Cjie3H, MOMe, CJie3H, jxyino, op Ha 6p3a KOHa. 
HnTy cjierBa, HHTy cjierBa hh b KyKH bh BJierBa (...) 

(AoMa3eTOB 1987: 344) 
H. KaycjjMaH n H. MaHOJiOB ebino nHTnpaT necHH etc cxoaeH tckct ot lOro- 



72 



3ana/jHa E-Mtrapiia (EjiaroeBrpaflCKo) - „CnaflHn, Mapo, ot BpaHaTa KOHa", „Cne- 
thh, MOMe, ot BpaHaTa KOHa" (KaycjjMaH, MaHOJiOB 1994: 463). 

06Bi>p3aHOCT Ha neceHHnre o6pa3HH c KOHKpeTHHa pnryajieH MOMenr MO>Ke 
3a ce Ha6jnoaaBa h npn caMOTO nocpemaHe Ha HeBecTaTa b HOBHa fi aom - TaKtB 
e npHMeptT ,„H,o6pe flofiflOBTe, ope jihhhh npnaTejiH" (N°26). Cnennajma neceH b 
to3h MOMeHT ce rontJiHaBa h 3a po/nrrejiHTe Ha momhcto h Ta othobo e b MHoro- 
KpaTHO nocoHBaHara MeTpopHMHHHa (jjopMyna 5/4-5/4-7/4 („BecejiH ce, paflyBafi 
ce" N°28). MejiOflnnecKH Ta o6ane e Mamo no-pa3JinHHa ot HHTHpaHHre no-rope 
- othobo HanajiOTO fi MapKHpa Bt3xoflaina KBapTa, ho Meatfly VI CTeneH nofl oc- 
HOBHHa toh h II CTeneH, a CTpyicrypHO e HantJiHO nflenrnHHa. 

HoTeH npnMep 5 



np. 5 




J J JJJ J "* g 



B to3h o6pa3en Cbino ce Ha6jnoflaBa yerofinnBa cnoBecHa (jjopMyna, no3HaTa b 
pa3JiHHHH Kpanina Ha TepnTopnaTa Ha P MaiteflOHHa: 

(...) Becejin ce, paflyBafi ce, Tarito ot fleTeTO. 
Becejin ce, paflyBafi ce, Mafiita ot actcto (...) 

BafipaM By3HOB, 03.04.2008, Jlyp'hC (AP aq ) 

PaflOBafi ce lOHaKOBa Mafiita 
IU,o ™ Hfl H 0T Bpara (...) 
IleceH Ha CBeKtpBaTa, c. Kpana (^KoKejib-KajranaHKH 2008: 145) 

PaflyBafi ce, KmaitOBa MafiKO 

CHH TH HfleT KaKO CHBH COKOJI, 

CHoa hocht KaKO ape6nna (...) 
Ilee ce, KoraTO CBaTOBeTe npncTHraT c HeBecTaTa, c. rajiHHHHK (I^tpHyraaHOB 

1956: 164) 
IlecHH c HfleHTHHHO cjiOBecHO ctfltp^KaHne MoraT fla ce OTKpnaT n b flpyrn 
pernoHH Ha GturapcKara eTHnnecKa TepnTopna, HanpnMep b PoflonnTe, kocto 
3aTBijp}KflaBa ycTofinHBOCTra Ha cjiOBecHna MOflcn - b>k. „PaflyBafi ce, MOMKOBa 
Mane" (Ctohh 1934: N°170), „PaflyBafi ce, MOMKOBa Mainta" (Ctohh 1934: JVT« 171) 
ot IlemepcKo. 

U,eHTpajieH momcht c My3mta b CBaT6aTa e Tpane3aTa. Karo CBaT6eHa Tpane3Ha 



73 



neceH, H3irMiHaBaHa b Ha.no Tojio Etpao, MO>Ke r& ce nocoHH „nyKHana MafiKa 
TpecHana" (N°30), kohto ce OTKpiiBa noBceMecTHO b cxo/jhh tckctobh BapnaHTH: 

IlyKHajia MafiKa, TpecHajia, 

3am,o Me po/ni y6aBa, Jiejie II 

He Mora rsl orsl b Hapuma. 

He Mora 3a 03a b napiuHH, Jiejie 

or OHe nycTH, Mopn, 6eKapn 

CBa hok Ha kjho6ot ce/jefie 

jHOTa paKHa, Mopn, nnefie II 

hhiho 3a Me3e HeMafie, nene 

MeHe 3a Me3e, Mopn, 6apafie. 

(...) 

BafipaM By3HOB, 03.04.2008, Jlyp'bC (Jipan) 
)Ke>Kejib-KajiHHaHHH HHTnpa BapnaHT ot JIa6yHHni,a icaro npHMep 3a „KpancKH 
CJiy)K6apcKH, necHH Ha CBaT6eHa Tpane3a": 

IlyKHajia, Mafine, TpecHana, 

3amo Me Manofi OMaacH, 

or flBOHafice roflHHn; 

Ma>KaHKa, nycTa HpHanKa 

or CBeRtp h op, CBeicpBa, 

or 30Ji6a h or afiTpBa, 

03 My^Ka h or fleBepa. 

CBeKopoT caKa, MafinHHe, 

H03eTe r& My r' onepaM, 

CBeicpBa caica, MafinHHe, 

b raaBara r& a nononiTHiu, 

HTpBa caxa, MafinHHe, 

co Hea rqu rsl pa6oTHiu, 

30JiBara, caKa, Mafinmie, 

KOcaTa Ra My HCKynani, 

fleBepoT caKa, MafinHHe, 

HaBenep r& to noKpnera, 

My>KOT mh caxa, MafinHHe, 

CO Hero JH06OB RcL BOflHIH. 

(5Ke)Kejib-KajiHHaHHH 2008: 181) 
rio-GjiHStK ro rojioGtpflCKHa mrneiKRa ny6jiHKyBaHHHT ot M. A. CejiHineB Ba- 
pnaHT: 

J\& TpeCHHIH, MafiKO, R& nyKHHIH, 

3aniTO Me poflH Kajieino, 

74 



He Moac p,a wp,a ho BO/ja 

Ot rane nycTH 6enapn (6eK'apii) 

Ha KJiaHija BO/ja CTy/jeHa 

Jliofla paKHa minee... 

Ot MeHe Me3e caKae 

Ot MOHTe 6ejiH rpaH/jyuiKH. 
(KoceHen, BpacTBO, XXII, 1928, 113) (CemimeB 1931: 315) 
neceHHHaT penepToap, roirMmaBaH Ha CBaT6eHaTa Tpane3a, e pa3HOo6pa3eH. 
H. KaycjjMaH OT6ejia3Ba, ne b mhoto pernoHH b EtJirapna Tpane3HHre necHH ca 
HMajiH CTepeoTHnHH mcjioahh, Hanp. b 3anaflHa EtJirapna TOBa e T.Hap. „CBaTOB- 
ckh raac" - CTporo onpe/jejieHa CBaT6eHa Mejio/jna, Ha KoaTO ca ce H3ntJiHaBajiH 
noHTH bchhkh necHH Ha Tpane3a. Ho aBToptT Ha „BtJirapcKaTa CBar6eHa neceH" 
cnoMeHaBa h ne „flOKaTO b MHHajiOTO Ha CBaT6eHaTa Tpane3a ca nejin caMO necHH, 
TacHO CBi>p3aHO etc cbOhthcto, BHHarn etc CBar6eHa TeMaTHKa, no-KtCHO Ta3H 
TeMarmca Bene He e 3a/rbJi>KHTe.JiHa, 3anaBaT ce o6hkhobchh Tpane3HH necHH, a Ha- 
Kbp,e Ha CBaT6apcKaTa Tpane3a 3anaBaT h necHH ot flpyrn bh^obc - ce/jeHicapcKH 
(b PoflonHTe), rpa^CKH h np." (KaycjjMaH 1976: 68). ToBa Ha6jnofleHne MO>Ke fla ce 
OTHece h KtM CBaT6eHHa Tpane3eH penepToap b Tojio Etp/jo - b no-HOBO BpeMe 
toh ce „OTBapa" >KaHpoBO, ho h „HannoHajiHo" - HsntJiHaBaT ce He caMO mccthh 
necHH, ho h necHH c npoH3xofl ot EtJirapna, ^h. P Maice/jOHna, /jh. P CtpGna, 
flopn an6aHCKH. HHTepecHO e, ne b HaKOH ot pnTyajmnTe momchth KOHcepBaTH- 
BHOCTTa Ha o6peflHara neceHHOCT ce 3ana3Ba (KaKTO ce OT6ejia3a, „Ha norana" ce 
nee h ^Hec b TnpaHa), flOKaro Tpane3aTa e „MacTo", Ha kocto „HaBJiH3aT" aopn 
necHH, HayneHH ot GtJirapcKHTe Me/nin: „Hue cu ujuaejue necnu na ceaeda iqo 
neeeMe, am MdKedcmcKu, 6-biizapcKu, as noeene 6-biizapcKu, zu Ka3eame paduomo 
Bapna 259 , ne 3hom kou... uh zu noMemeex, km zu cnyiuae dea-mpu m>me, kh zu ua- 
yuee, cu neee cjiododno... " 260 

Cpefl Tpane3HHTe necHH Ha CBaT6a, ho h b flpyr npa3HHneH kohtckct (Hanpn- 
Mep Ha t. Hap. „cjiaea" hjih „cjiyoic6a" Ha CBeTen), ce H3HBJiHaBa e/jHa TnnnHHa 
3a MHoro iunpoK apean neceH npn B/jHraHeTO Ha Ha3/jpaBnna. 3a to3h o6pa3en 
cnoMeHaBa h M. OnjinnoBKn, /jaBanicH one/pffla npniviep: 

Ajfl, fla peneMO nopBo! 
nopBH je Tocnofl Ha He6o 
IteMy ce mojihmo 
H My ce noKJiOHyeMe 



259 B HCTopiiflTa Ha 6i>JirapcKOTO pa£Hopa3npi>CKBaHe PaziHO BapHa e ntpBOTO perno- 
HanHO pa/jHO, KoeTO HSJiMBa b eijinp ome npe3 1934 r. (one/; Poziho Pa^no b CoiJiHa) h e 
bmmomcho TOBa TBtp^eHHe Ha E. Ohjibokh jx& He e cnynaMHO. 

260 B05KHH Ohjilokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

75 



Paayj ce, Eoropo/pme! 
IIpH cjie^BamaTa Ha3/ipaBima: 
Ajfl fla penHMe (j)Topa! 
®Topa Eoropo/nnja 
IIpBH je Tocnofl Ha He6o h t.h. 
IIpH TpeTaTa: 
Ajfl, fla peneMO TpeTa! 
TpeTa CBeTa Tponija, 
OTopa Eoropo/nnja h t.h. 
CTHra ce po ceaeM: 
HeTBpTa eBaHrejiHJa... 
IleT aHl)ejiH Ha He6o... 
IIIecT MeceHH non ro/jHHa... 
Ce^aM flaHa b He/jejiara... (®HJiHnoBHn 1940: 70) 
To3H THn „KyMyjiaTHBHa" CTpyKTypa e H3CJieflBaHa HQBep,wbm (Bm. ToHneBa 
2004 h noconeHHTe TaM aBTopn). OneBH/jHa e Bpt3Kara c „jiHTyprHHHH" tckctobc. 
A. Bo6eB aHanH3Hpa npHnncKH Btpxy CTapn ptKonncH ot Hapo/jHara 6w6nwoTeKa 
„Cb. cb. KnpHJi h MeTOflHH" b Cocjjna, b kohto npncbCTBar TaKHBa 6pohjikh, a 
HMeHHO PKn. JSTe726 - Ha ji. 21-22, PKn. II J[ 6 (BHA - HBKM) - kbcch npennc Ha 
,}iyp,eca Eoropo/niHHH" (XIX b.), Kb,reTO nop, 3amaBHeTO „MojiHTBa BjiaroyTpo6- 
Haa" cbinecTByBa npennc Ha cbmara 6poHJiKa (Bo6eB 2004). TeKCTOBeTe, kohto 
aBToptT HHTnpa, ca 6jih3kh 30 noconeHHa „(j)OJiKJiopeH" BapnaHT Ha Ohjihhobhh. 
Cnopefl A. Bo6eB, Te HOcaT oneBH^HHTe 6ejie3H Ha e/jHa pejiHrH03Ha /jH/jaKTHKa h 
e bij3mo)kho npeflnojioaceHHeTO 3a H3noji3BaHeTO hm KaTO mhcmohhhhh noMarana 
b HaKoe khjihhho yHHJiHme. TaKaBa (jjyHKHHa o6ane 6h Moraa j\a. ce flonycHe, axo 
He ce no3HaBa 3anHCbT Ha Ky3MaH IIIanKapeB ot 1850 r. etc 3arjiaBHeTO „IIonoB- 
CKa neceH" (IIIanKapeB 1968: 132), kohto e oco6eHO 6jih3t>k ro BapHanra ot Tojio 
Bi>pflo: 

J\& penHMe ntpBo: 
IltpB e Tocnofl Ha He6o, 
HeMy ce mojthmc 
H My ce noKJiOHBaMe 
H Hero To cnaBHMe 
J\a penHMe BTopo: 
BTopa BoropoflHHa... 
TpeTa CBeTa TponHa... 
neTnp eBaHrenncTa... 
neT ca paHH Xphctobh... 
iuecTOKpHJiaTH aHrejiH... 

76 



CWJXyM ITbpiCBH XpHCTOBH... 

fleBeT jihkoh aHrejiCKH... 

fleceT noejiH Btokh... 

3BaHaeceT anoerojiH... 
B 6ejie)KKa kt>m neceHTa K. IIIanicapeB nniue: „npejrn 30-40 ro/jnHn CTapHTe 
CBemeHHiiH b Oxpwp,, Kora npnctCTBaxa Ha Haicoa 6panHa, CBeTirrejicica hjih KaKBa 
j\a e 6hjio rocT6a, npe^H 3a ce 3anonHexa ot tocthtc yBecejiHTejiHnre cbctobhh 
necHH h cbhp6h, THe, CBeineHHnnre ronenBaxa npeaBapHTejiHO HacToainara ne- 
ceH, ocTaHana BepoaTHO ot GtJirapcico BpeMe; a c TOBa /jaBame ce cnrHaji one/i Hea 
fla cjie^BaT BecejiGnre, necHHTe, cbhp6htc n xoponrpaHHaTa." (LUanicapeB 1968: 
132). Cnopefl B. ^ImcoBa, neceHTa „MO)Ke p,a ce OTHece HaS-Bene kt>m npa3HHHH ot 
jiHMHHajieH THn: kt>m CBaT6aTa KaTO npa3HHK Ha npexo/ja Ha HHJiHBHJia ot e/jHH co- 
HHaneH CTaTyc b ^pyr h icbm cjiyacGaTa (icyp6aHa) KaTO ceMenHO-po/jOB npa3HHK Ha 
CBeTeHa-noKpoBHTeji, Maicap h fla ce aonycica TOBa /ja CTaBa h npn flpyrn cjiynan 
Ha romaBKa" (^iHKOBa 2003: 264). 3a aBTopKara HHCJjopMannaTa nocTaBa aKHeHT 
Btpxy roinaBKara h Tpane3aTa KaTO HeH3MeHHH acneicra Ha npa3HHica. H tbkmo 
TOBa e MacTOTO, Ha kocto neceHTa c pasrjieacflaHna mothb ce e H3ni>jiHaBajia cpea 
6tJirapcKaTa oGiuhoct b Tojio Etpao, a Tpa6Ba 3a ce o6tpHe BHHMaHHe n Btpxy 
TOBa, ne 3anncbT Ha K. LUanicapeB e ot Oxpn/j, T.e. pernoHajmoTO pa3npocTpaHe- 
Hne Ha o6pa3ena 261 e oco6eHO ycTonnnBO. 

B neceHHHa penepToap Ha CBaT6eHHTe necHH ot rojioGtpflCKHTe cejia Cre6jie- 
bo n KneHbe npnctCTBaT n o6pa3nn, kohto H3m>jiHHTejiaT /jecjiHHHpa KaTO CBar- 
6eHH, ho 6e3 p,a yica^Ke kohkpcthoto hm MacTO b o6pe/ja: Hanp. „Mamajia, jiena 
HeBecTO, Mopn" (N°3 1), „Chhoh cyM ce HajnoTHJia" (N°32) n „yrpeajia MecennHa b 
Hauin flBopn" (b Tpn Mejio/ninecKH BapnaHTa) (N°33). iTtpBHaT o6pa3en e CBtp3aH 
c HeBecTara h BepoaTHO c o6peflHH /jencTBHa okojio hjih c Hea hcb 13/8 (3-2-3- 
2-3) - MeTpyM, THnnneH 3a neceHHna (jiojiioiop ot MaKeflOHCKara My3HKajiHO-fln- 



261 IIpaBH BnenaTneHHe, ne BapHanrHTe ot Tojio Eipjjo h ot OxpnjiCKO ca OTHOCHTen- 
ho CTa6HHHO CBi>p3aHH c KHHMCOBHHre „nHTyprH4HH" TeKCTOBe, ho ctmecTyBaT h no- 
„(J)Ojikjiophh" BapnaHTH (b kohto o6aqe nocoHeHara TeKCTOBa Bpi>3Ka He e H3ry6eHa) - 
Hanp. 3anncaHaTa ot B. Ctohh npe3 1926 r. b EenorpaaiHiuKO icaro HapojjHa „EBaHrencKa 
neceH", ho nocTaBeHa b pa3Aen „PenHrH03HH" b c6opHHKa „Ot Thmok jjo Braa" (B>k. N° 
1462, Ctohh 1928). OneBHjiHO T03H MOJien e jjocTa no-yHHBepcaneH, otkojikoto H3rae>Kjia 
Ha npi>B norne/i, ti>h KaTO H. KayiJiMaH OTKpHBa TeKCTOBa h HHTOHauHOHHa 6jih30Ct jvieamy 
noconeHara neceH ot CeBepo3anajiHa EtJirapna h nacxajma neceH, TpaflHUHOHHa 3a mna- 
HtoncKHTe (ceiJiapajiCKHTe) eBpen b E-burapna, koato e crpyiaypHpaHa Ha KyMynaTHBeH 
npHHiinn c pa3iHHpaBaiu,a ce <J>opMa npe3 npH6aB>me Ha HOBa crpoijia h noBTopeHHe Ha 
bchhkh Bene H3no>KeHH. IleceHTa e „HeHcy nMeHca" h ce e H3m>jiH>iBajia b npezmpa3HHH- 
HaTa Benep b jjOMameH Kptr huh Ha o6ihh Becenna (KayiJiMaH 1985:122). 

77 



aneKTHa o6jiacT. Bt>b BTopna ce OTKpiiBa no3HarnaT mo/joi 5/4-5/4-7/4, kocto etc 
ciirypHOCT ro CBtp3Ba etc CBaT6eHara o6pe/niocT, ti>h KaTO TOBa e MOfleji, kohto 
ce peajironpa caMO b to3h THn necHH. B Tperaa npHMep, kohto bcbiiihoct e npe/j- 
jitokch ot H3ntJiHHTejia b 3 Bapnanra, cbino Moace /ja ce pa3no3Hae noconeHHaT 
MeTpopHTMHHecKH MOfl&Ji - b 6) h b) BapnaHT, a TeKCTtT „MeceHHHa yrpeajia Hamn 
flBopn" e ctmo oco6eHO noKa3aTejieH 3a CBaT6eHHTe o6pe/niH tckctobc, CBi>p3aHH 
c HeBecTaTa. Mhoto e BepoaTHO nopa/jn 3aMHpaHe Ha CTporara CBaT6eHa o6pea- 
hoct, MaeroTO Ha Te3H o6pa3HH fla e 3a6paBeHO, ho My3HKajiHHre h tckctobhtc hm 
6ejie3H etc cnrypHOCT rn OTnpainar kbm Ta3H rpyna. 

,H,Hec CBaT6eHHaT neceHeH penepToap b rpa/jCKn ycnoBHa He ce H3ni>jiHaBa (c 
MajiKH H3KJnoHeHHa) h TOBa e npHHHHa 3a 3a6paBaHeTO My: „Hjua zo 3a6opaeeno. 
Oeue decem-nemnaece zodunu He zu nesim oeue necjue. " 262 My3HKajiHHaT ctnpo- 
BOfl e HHCTpyMeHTaneH, a b no-HOBO BpeMe n b rpaacKH yonoBna CBar6ara e 03- 
ByneHa ot 3airacaHa h TexminecKn Bi>3npoH3Be>KaaHa CBaTGapcxa hjih eTHonon 
My3HKa. 

B Tpa^HiiHOHHOTO npa3HyBaHe, n b reprbOB/jeHCKHa, h b CBar6eHHa penepToap 
npncbCTBaT n xopoBOflHH necHH - b pernoHa p,o HanajiOTO Ha 90-Te ro^HHH Ha 20 
b. e (jjyHKHHOHHpajio xopo Ha neceH, kocto, Hapefl c HHCTpyMeHTajmo CbnpoBO- 
fleHHTe xopa, e 6hjio naer ot pa3JiHHHH npa3HHHH b cojioto (xaKTO h ot CBar6ara). 
Cpefl necHHTe Ha xopo, CBtp3aHH c KOHKpeTeH o6pep, (hjih npa3HHic), MoraT p,a ce 
OTKpnaT o6pa3HH, kohto HMaT cpaBHHTejmo TeceH tohob o6eM, ceMnna CTpyKry- 
pa h HJHOCTpnpaT e/nio no-CTapo My3HKajiHO mhcjichc - b>k. Hanp. „MHraHO, Moa 
30JiBHHe" (N°12). HaKOH ot o6pa3HHre ca HHTOHaHHOHHO flOCTa cxo/jhh c xopo- 
BOflHH necHH ot K)ro3ana/nia, Cpe/nia 3anaflHa, CeBepo3ana,THa, flopn Cpe/jHa 
CeBepHa EtJirapna. 

Cpefl o6peflHHTe necHH, kohto Bee ome ce noMHaT, npHCtCTBa h neceH Ha Ile- 
nepy/ja, hhcto My3HKajiHO ctfltpacaHHe HanoMHa ntpKOBHO necHoneHHe — Bac. 
,„H,aH mh Bo)Ke THBKa poca" (N°34). Mo>Ke ^a ce npe,gnojio>KH, ne HHTOHaHHOHHOTO 
(hbk h cjiOBecHo) BJinaHHe ot jiHTyprHHHaTa neceHHa npaKTHKa ce e ocbinecTBHJio 
no BpeMe Ha e/niOBpeMeHHOTO hjih nocjieflOBarejiHO H3Bi>puiBaHe Ha KaHOHHHHna 
xpncTnaHCKH MOJie6eH 3a p^yKp, n o6pe/ja Ilenepy/ia, 3a kocto roBopn h pecjjpenBT 
„aMHH, rocnofln, noMO>KH" b nenepy^apcKaTa neceH. Mo>Ke flopn /ja ce ^onycHe, 
ne toh e flo6aBeH no-KtCHO bt>b (jjojiKJiopHna neceHeH tckct, nopa/ni pa3JinHHa- 
Ta My MeTpopnTMHnecKa nyncanna - pecjjpenBT (3+2) HapyraaBa /njyBpeMeHHara 
nyjicaHna Ha neceHTa. Pa3npocTpaHeHHaT Bi>3rjiac „Bwp,yjxyne Bepana Bepajia" 
cpefl 6i>jirapHTe MiocioJiMaHH b flHenma BtJirapna, a n cpefl MiocioJiMaHHTe ot 
o6jiacTTa Tojio Etp/jo b P MaKe/jOHna (b)k. JlnMaHOCKH 1993: 342) He e no3Har 



262 BafipaM Ey3HOB, 03.04.2008, rp. flyptc (flpan). 

78 



b Cre6.neB0 h KneHbe, kocto He 03HanaBa, ne b /jpyrn comma ne cbmecTByBaT 
BapnaHTH Ha TaiaiBa nenepy/japcKH necHH. 

IIo-rojiflMaTa Haer ot penepToapa Ha canara CreGjieBO h KneHbe ce cbctoh ot 
necHH, kohto HaMaT acHO (jjyHKHHOHanHO onpe/jejieHHe - fle(})HHHpaT ce KaTO H3- 
ntJiHaBaHH bt>b BceKH/meBeH hjih b npa3HHneH kohtckct (kohto He H3HCKBa CTporo 
o6pe/mo o6Btp3BaHe Ha My3HKara). Bt3npHeMaT ce KaTO yHHBepcajiHH o6pa3HH, 
nacT ot neceHHHH (Jjoh^ Ha pernoHa (hjih Ha cbotbcthoto cejio). Cpe/i tax HMa 
apKH b My3HKajiHO hjih tckctobo OTHOiueHHe necHH, HaKOH ot Tax 30 era nonynap- 
hh b HfljiaTa o6jiacT Tojio Btp^o. TaKbB npHMep e „MHTpoBara" (b)k. N°35, 36), 
koato cnopefl CBe/jeHHa ot CtcGjicbo ce e H3ni>jiHaBajia caMO ot Mi>>Ke. IleceHTa e 
b HeTHnHHHO iuHpoK aMGnryc (HOHa). J\. KaycjjMaH npaBH cjicthoto Ha6jiiOfleHHe 
Btpxy mi>>kkoto neeHe Ha GtJirapHre MiocioJiMaHH (t. Hap. „noMaHH") b BtJirapna: 
«... mtj^kkhst noji ome ot epreHCKa Bi>3pacT HaBJiH3a cmcjio bi>b BOKajiHaTa Tpa/m- 
HHa h 3aBJiaflaBa 30 ai>ji6oKa CTapocT noHTH bchhkh My3HKajiHO-H3ni>jiHHTejiCKH 

H My3HKajIHO-TBOpieCKH n03HHHH. 3aTOBa H MI>}KKHTe nOMaiHKH neCHH Ca pa3BHTH 

b HinpoK tohob o6eM, 6oraTO opHaMeHTHpaHH" (KaycjjMaH 2008: 41). Cnopefl aB- 
TopicaTa, H3ni>jiHHTejiCKHaT nepnofl npn >KeHHTe ot Ta3H KOH(})ecHOHajiHa rpyna e 
3HaHHTejiHO no-KpaTtK (cjiefl OMt^KBaHe Te cirapar p,a neaT), kocto e onpe/jejiamo 
3a 3ByKOH3BJiHHaHeTO h BT>o6m,e 3a xapaicrepa Ha neceHHHa penepToap (Hanpii- 
Mep TecHHa tohob o6cm). B Tojio Ei>pao 3a6paHaTa BepoaTHO He e 6njia oco6cho 
CTpora, tbh KaTO MecTHHTe }KeHH b HaiajiOTO Ha 2 1 b. HaMaT TaKbB cnoMeH, ho e 
OHeBH^HO, ne e^Ha Mt>KKa neceH KaTO „MHTpoBaTa" e b 3HaHHTejiHO no-ranpoK 
tohob o6eM h no-opHaMeHTHpaHa ot necHHTe b >KeHCKHa penepToap. 

BapnaHT Ha TeKera Ha Ta3H 6ajiaaa ny6jiHKyBa H. ,H,OKJie Ha jiaTHHHHa b rp. 
IIpH3peH (Dokle 2004: 44-46) 263 . 3anncaH e npe3 1988 r. b rp. KyKtc (Aji6aHHa) 
ot ocBeflOMHTeji, npoH3xo)KflaH], ot Tojio Btpflo. Bjih3i>k tckctobh BapnaHT Ha ne- 
cenra ny6jiHKyBa H. KaycjjMaH (KaycjjMaH 1968: 94, N°137), Kb/jeTO o6ane repoaT 
e -JlHHe, ho ck»kcti>t e HantJiHO H^eHTHHeH (cpemara c nyMara b CKonne h noc- 
jieflBamHre fleficTBHa). B My3HKajiHO othouichhc o6ane cxo/jctbo He ce Ha6jnofla- 
Ba - neceHTa, /jOKyMeHTHpaHa ot H. KaycjjMaH, e b 3/4 h b no-TeceH tohob o6eM. 
3anncaHa e b EjiaroeBrpa/jCKO, kocto e noKa3arejiHO 3a pa3npocTpaHeHOCTTa Ha 
MOTHBa b flocTa ranpoK apeaji. ToBa He e e/jHHHHeH cjiynafi - Morar /ja ce noconaT 
h Apyrn npHMepn, no3HaTH Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha /nieniHaTa P MaKe/ioraia h H3HbJi- 
HaBaHH b aji6aHCKaTa nacT Ha Tojio Btp^o. TaKbB npHMep e „CTaHa a aaaoa Ha 
apy, Ha CTapy", ny6jiHKyBaHa ot K. U.-bpHyniaHOB (UbpHyniaHOB 1956: 179, N°338) 
h npncbCTBama b penepToapa Ha BafipaM By3HOB ot c. KjieHbe (b>k. „Chhoh cyM 



263 Tpa6Ba aa OT6ejie>Ka, ne hhto e/iHa ot ocTaHanHTe 14 necHH, ny6jiHKyBaHH ot J\oKne, 
He 6e 3anncaHa npn npoy^BaHeTO b CTe6jieBO h KneHte. 

79 



ce HajHOTiuia" N°32), hjih „3mh3 b na3yBa" ot BcneniKO (I^tpHyraaHOB 1993: 187- 
188, Ne 354) c rojio6i>pflCKH BapnaHT „Chhohk5i /joh/iob ot ryp6eT" (N°52). BtB 
BTopna cjiynafi npaBH BnenameHHe, ne n /jBara BapnaHTa, Maxap h Mejio/ninecKn 
fla He ca oco6eHO 6jih3kh, ca b e^HH n ctinn MeTpyM — 13/8. To3h MeTpyM e /jo6pe 
no3HaT b MaKe^OHCKaTa My3HKajiHO(j)OJiKJiopHaTa o6jiacT, bkji. h b Eojio Etpao. 

KaTO nonyjiapHa neceH b pernoHa M. Beno noconBa „LUeTaT mh ce ^eTe a/j)Ka- 
Miia" (N°37), cnnTaHa ot Hea 3a „6jicep" Ha 6tJirapcKOTO Hapo/jHO TBopnecTBO ot 
Aji6aHHa (Eejio 2004: 117-120). Ta nyGjimcyBa 3annc Ha TeKCTa Ha neceHTa ot 
1960 r., kohto ce HaMHpa b ApxHBa Ha HHCTHTyra no (j)OJiKJiop b TnpaHa. IleceHTa 
e HHTHpaHa ot aBTopicaTa „Ha 6i>JirapcKH", ho c „an6aHCKa a36yKa" h npe/jCTaBJiaBa 
Gajia^a, b ocHOBaTa Ha KoaTO ctoh (JoojiKJiopHHaT mothb 3a cpeina Ha 6par h cecTpa 
h 3a pncKa ot KptBOCMenieHHe. JIio6onHTeH e (JoaKThT, ne b aji6aHCKHTe apxHBH 
npncbCTBa TaKtB o6pa3eH, npn Bee ne bt>b BpeMeTO Ha pe)KHMa Ha E. Xofl)Ka He e 
ctmecTByBaji oco6eH H3CJieaoBare.ncKH HHTepec kbm o6inHOCTra Ha 6tJirapHTe ot 
Eojio Btpflo. KaTO cbGnpan e noconeH O. Xo/j>Ka, a neceHTa e H3HMiHeHa ot Oara- 
Me Jinna (70 r, /jOMaKHHa ot c. CreGjieBo). Ome no-HHTepecHO e, ne BtspacTHara 
>KeHa, hhhto 3annc ce ny6jiHKyBa b HacToainara KHnra, e CHaxara Ha OaraMe Jinna 
- JlyTcJone Jinna 264 (p. 1924 r.). 3a cb^KajieHne, He e bt>3mo>kho /jnaxpoHHOTO npo- 
CJieflaBaHe Ha My3HKajiHOTO cbfltp^KaHne Ha neceHTa (tt>h icaro 3anncbT ot 1960 
r. e caMO tckctob), a TOBa 6n 6nno noKa3aT&nHO 3a MexaHH3MHTe Ha npe/jaBaHe Ha 
Tpa^nnHOHHaTa neceH n 3a eBenryanHHTe npoMeHn, kohto Ta Ttpnn, ho Bee naK 
Morar p,a ce cpaBHaT TeKCTOBeTe Ha /jBara BapnaHTa, OTflaneneHn e^HH ot ^pyr 
c okojio 50 ro/niHH (B>k. „IIIeTaT mh ce aeTe a/j>KaMHa" N°37 h Beno 2004: 119- 
120). Ilpn e/jHO cpaBHeHne acHO ce OTKpoaBa ycTOHHHBOCTra Ha TeKCTOBHa Mo^eji. 
BapnaHTH Ha MOTHBa 3a 6paT h cecTpa, kohto pa3KpHBar pojihhhctboto ch npejin 
(cnefl) Kp-bBOCMeuieHHe, MoraT #a ce OTKpnaT b pe/nina c6opHnnn c Hapo/pm nec- 
hh, ho aBTopKaTa M. Ee.no noconBa c6npKaTa Ha 6paTa Mnna/niHOBn (BtJirapcKn 
HapoflHH necHH, 3arpe6, 1861) KaTO e^Ha ot Han-CTapnre, b KoaTO npnebCTBar 
noflo6HH o6pa3HH. 3aKjnoneHHeTO, ne mothb^t e pa3npocTpaHeH Ha TepnTopnaTa 
Ha P EtJirapna h P MaKeflOHHa o6ane ce aonbJiBa n ot HHCJjopMannaTa, ne toh e 
no3HaT n b an6aHCKna (jjojiKnop, n to b ebce/jHH Ha Eojio Etp/jo aji6aHCKH cejia, 



264 IIo BpeMe Ha npoynBaHeTO b Iojio Etpzio h TnpaHa He ce OTKpn bmmomchoct 3a cpema c 
JlyTiJiHe Jinna nopa^H BJioiueHOTO M 3iipaBOCJiOBHO ctCToaHHe, ho npeiin hakojiko Meceua 
HeHHara /itmepa Ca^eTe rinpymH etc ci>npyra ch Xajxxm nnpyuiH 3anncaxa H3BecreH 
6poM necHH ot 6a6a JlyTiJiHe h th ^OHecoxa b EtnrapHH. Te ca ^eiuniJipHpaHH h /;o6aBeHH 
kt>m 3anncaHaTa c6npKa. Tpa6Ba j\& ce npHnoMHH, He Xaa>KH nnpyuiH ce caMOonpeziejia 
KaTO 6i>JirapHH h e JiH/iep Ha opraHH3auH>iTa Ha 6i>JirapHTe „IIpocnepHTeT Tono Etp^o", 
hhhto ^eficTBHa ca HaconeHH ki>m yTBtp>imaBaHe Ha 6tJirapcKOTO caMOCi>3HaHHe cpe/i Ha- 
ceneHHeTO ot Tojio Etp^o h Topa. 

80 



KaTO MOTHBa 3a Ajih Eopflatajina (Ee.no 2004: 1 19). B MajiKO no-pa3JiHHeH BapiiaHT, 
doateTtT 3a Bt3MO)KHO Kpi>BOCMenieHHe Meatfly 6par n cecTpa ce OTitpHBa h b ne- 
ceHTa „KHHHcajia mh fleBOHKa" (JNe38). 

Om,e e/jiiH pa3npocTpaHeH GajiageH mothb Moate 3a ce Ha6jnoflaBa b neceH ot 
Tojio Btpflo - „HnKOJia ointJi b MeaHe" (N°39). Ton e no3HaT nonm bi>b bchhkh 
aiiajieitTHH BapnaHTH b EtJirapna n CTaBa ayMa 3a yGnncTBOTO Ha HeBecTara no- 
pa/jn jrbatara Ha CBeRtpBara (Bat. HanpHMep EtJirapcKH Hapo/jHn Oajia/ni 1993: 
JV«868, 869, 870). 

IU,o ce OTHacfl p,o necHHTe 6e3 o6pe/jHa (jjyHKHna, hhcto My3HKajiHO h tckctobo 
ct/rbpataHne rn OTHaca kim no-KtCHH nnacTOBe, Ta3H naer ot penepToapa Map- 
Knpa e/nia TeH/jeHHHa Ha rpa/jCKO-cejiCKn THn neceHHOCT, xapaicrepHa 3a BTopaTa 
nojiOBHHa Ha 19 b. h ntpBaTa nojiOBHHa Ha 20 b. 3a Maite/iOHHa KaTO My3HKajiHO- 
(j)OJiKJiopHa o6jiaer. J\. KaycjjMaH OT6ejra3Ba, ne craBa ayMa 3a „MHoroeTaatHOCT" 
Ha (jjojiKJiopHaTa My3HKajiHa Kyniypa b nnpnHCKna /nianeKT, kohto ce (jjopMHpa He 
caMO ot ecTecTBeHHTe npoMeHH BtTpe b panoHa, ho h ot 3HanHTejiHHTe pa3ceji- 
BaHHH ot Bap^apcKa h EreficKa MaKeaoHna klm nnpHHCKHa Kpafi. Pe3yjiTan>T e 
pa3MecBaHe Ha MHororaacHH cthjiobc c e/niorjiacHH, rpa/jCKH cthjiobc ce Ha/jCTpo- 
aBar Hap, cejiCKHa, MtateTe H33eMBaT penepToap ot ateHnre h o6paTHO, noaBaBaT ce 
hobh CTHJiOBe Ha ocHOBaTa Ha CTapnre rpa/jCKn, Hajinne e h BJinaHne Ha cencKHre 
HsntJiHHTejiCKH CTHJiOBe Btpxy MaKeflOHCKHa rpa^CKH cthji (etc cbocto no-OTKpn- 
to, no-HanopncTO 3ByKOH3BJiniaHe h HaKOH eneMeHTH ot CTapaTa opHaMenraHHa) 
(KaycjjMaH 2008: 47-48). ABTopKaTa yeraHOBaBa, ne „ep,nw h cbihh Meno/inn (h 

TeKCTOBe) Ce H3nT>JIHaBaT C pa3JIHHHa eMOHHa, pa3JIHHHH OpHaMeHTH H pa3JIHHHO 
3ByKOH3BJIHHaHe B IlHpHHCKa MaKe/JOHHa (Hafi-6JIH3K0 flO CeJICKHa OTKpHT cthji), 

bt>b Bap^apcKa MaKe/jOHna (no-rpa/jCKn) h b BocHa (hskjuohhtcjiho aejinKarao, c 
6oraro, ho HeatHO opHaMeHTnpaHe) (KaycjjMaH 2008: 48). 

Ako o6iHHOCTTa ot 6i>JirapH b Tojio Gtpao e atnBajia H30JinpaHO no OTHOiueHHe 
Ha co6cTBeHO aji6aHHHTe b P Aji6aHHa, to c jiHenmaTa P Maite/jOHna o6inyBaHeTO 
e 6hjio 3HaHHTejiHO ho-hhtch3hbho - KaKTO Bene 6erae OT6ena3aHO b ntpBHa /jaji 
Ha to3h TeKCT, cejiaTa ot ^BeTe CTpaHH Ha rpaHHHaTa H3MepBaT pa3CToaHHaTa no- 
Meatfly ch c HaKOJiKO naca xofleHe nera. Pa3BHTneTO Ha rpafldtara My3HKajiHa ityji- 
Typa (xaKTO n B3aHMOflencTBneTO n c TpaflnnnoHHaTa cejiCKa My3HKajiHa KyjiTypa) 
Ha TepnTopnaTa Ha ah. P MaKeflOHna 3anonBa ome npe3 BTopaTa nojiOBHHa Ha 
19 b. h KonraKTBT Ha rojio6i>panH c Ta3H ityjiiypa npaKTnnecKH ce e peajin3Hpaji 
flOCTa npeflH pa3flejiaHeTO Ha oGjiacrra npe3 1912 r. ToBa o6acHaBa HajinnneTO h 
Ha rpaflCKH n rpaflCKO-cejiCKH b HHTOHannoHHO OTHOiueHHe o6pa3nn b penepToapa 
Ha „aji6aHCKHTe" cejia, KaKTO n BT>o6ine Ha pa3BHraeTO Ha cxoahh nponecn b My- 
3HKajiHO OTHOiueHHe. noconeHHTe TnnoBe necHH ca 6hjih h ca oco6eHO npe/jno- 
iHTaHH 3a BcaKaKtB BHfl flejiHHHHH h npa3HHiHH CHTyanHH, KoraTO He ce Kacae 3a 

81 



o6peflHOCT. B to3h ycnoBHO o6oco6eH imaer necHH npeoOjia/jaBainnaT MeTpyM e 
7/8 (ot Tiina 3-2-2). Te ca Kaicro /niaroHHHHH huh xpoMarnnHn (b pyxa Ha MecTHa- 
Ta neceH), Taica n noBJinaHn ot Ma^opo-MHHopHara CHCTeMa. KaTO npHMep MO>Ke 
3a ce nocoHH neceHTa „EojieH jiokht Mnap CToaH" (N°70), koato e b Ma>Kop h 
HHTOHaiiHOHHO Mapicnpa epwn tohho onpe/jejieH THn rpa/jCKH neceHeH (jjonicnop, 
no3HaT b /jHeiima BtJirapna c eTHKeTa „Maice/iOHCKH" necHH, cpep kohto HeMajrbK 
6pofi ca h aBTopcKHTe necHH, KOMno3npaHn b to3h pyx. A tohho T03H npHMep e 
no3HaT b cxopeH tckctob h My3HKaneH Bapnanr n b K3ro3anaflHa BtJirapna. Me- 
jiOflHnecKH Te HMaT cneHinjjHneH o6jihk h b HaicaicbB cmhcbji ca pa3no3HaBaeMii 
- HanpHMep, b Tax ce OTKpoaBar thhhhhh Ka^eHiiOBH (jjHrypn, kohto hm npH/jaBar 
xapaKTepHO 3ByneHe. 

KaTO othocht&jiho hob neceHeH o6pa3eH ce noconBa nonynapHnaT b pernoHa 
„Chjihh TonaHH 6yBafie" (N°75), 3anncaH ot E. MiuiaHOB npe3 1995 r., H3HbJiHeH 
ot HcMeT Tona ot c. TojieMO OerpeHH. IiyGjinicyBaHHaT ot to3h aBTop tckct (Mh- 
jiaHOB 2001: 19) e pocja 6jiH3tK po BapHanra, H3HbJiHeH ot EafipaM By3HOB ot c. 
KneHbe: 

CTaHaB ch paHO npep 3opa, CTaHacj) ch paHO npep 3opa 

3a pa ch oflaM Ha ropa, 3a pa ch opa b PaMHa ropa. 

chjihh TonaHH 6yBafie, Chjihh TonaHH 6yBafie 

MoeTO cejio, Mopn, 6ypene. HaiueHO cejio ro 6ypene. 

- He flafi Me, Mafiico, bo rbopnna, nene, IlyKHajia Mafiica TpecHana 

no HOKa cepawi ponua, 3am,o Me popn Mopn y6aBa. 

Tor flafi Me, Mafiico, b Cre6jieBO, Mopn, 3aino Me popn y6aBa 

3a ohh nycTH, Mopn, 6eicapH. 3a pa Mo'pa nofiaa b OcTpeHH. 

BecfleH Ha kjiio6oh cepene, Mopn, J\a He mo pa nofi/ja b OcTpeHH 

jiiOTa paiaia mifiefie, OHHe nycTH Genapn. 

jiiOTa paKHa nHfiefie, Mopn, Be3 peii paKna nnefie 

Me3e npep hhmh HeMafie, ot MeHe Me3e 6apafie. 

Me3e npep hhmh HeMafie, nene, IIo-flo6po cepaM B/joBHna 

MeHe 3a Me3e, Mopn, 6apafie. otkojih pa opa b ropnna. 

B TbopHna HMaT pa6oTa, B Topnua ma pa6oTa 

b CreGjieBO HMaT My3Hica. 265 b OcTpeHH HMa My3nica. 

U,HTHpaHa h ot M. XapH3aHOBa, Ta3H neceH, cnopefl aBTopicaTa, ce H3HMiHaBa 
b rojioGtpflCKHTe cejia OcTpeHH, Mano OcTpeHH, Tynenn, Tpe6nina. (B)k. Xapn- 
3aHOBa 1997: 64). ToBa, ne Ta npncbCTBa h b penepToapa Ha c. CreGjieBO h c. Kne- 
m>e, Ha npaKTHKa /joica3Ba c/ihhctboto Ha neceHHna (jjoracnop, penpoayHnpam, ce 
b paMKHTe Ha epna 3aTBopeHa o6mHOCT. Ome noBene, ne, KaKTO e bh^ho, e Hajinne 



265 BaMpaM Ey3HOB, 17.06.2008, c. Cre6neBO. 

82 



noflMaHa Ha hmcto Ha cbotbcthoto cejio, b kocto ce H3ni>jiHaBa - no3Har h y Hac 
Mopen 3a „npHno3HaBaHe" Ha neceHTa icaTO co6cTBeHa (Ha cejiOTo). 06pa3eni>T 
HMa OHeBH^HO TeKCTOBO cxoflCTBO, BepoaTHO no-TOHHO e pa ce Ka^Ke 3aeMica ot hjih 
KOHTaMHHHpaHe c no3Harara KaTO Tpane3Ha neceH „IIyKHajia MaMica, TpecHajia" 
(N°30). CtfleiiKH no H3m>jiHeHHeTO Ha BafipaM By3HOB, b My3HKajiHO OTHoraeHne 
flBeTe necHH ca noiTH HfleHTHHHH, popw wsrneyKpa, ie ce Bt3npHeMar ot h3hi>jihh- 
Tejifl KaTO e/jHO uajio. Ho cnope/i MecTmrre xopa, neceHTa e HOBa, T.e. tckctbt h e 
hob n aKO TOBa e Taxa, He e H3HeHaaBaino 3aHMCTBaHeTO Ha tckctobh h My3HKajiHH 
Mopenw ot no-CTapn mccthh o6pa3nn. 

B neceHHHa (jjojiKJiop ot Iojio &bppo ce OTicpHBar KaKTO nonynapHH y Hac n b 
AHeuiHaTa P MaKe/ioraia mcjioahh (HanpHMep M&no/iHaTa Ha „Co(j)Ha, Cocjjna, HMe 
rojieivio" (JVe78), Ha koato b EtJirapna ce rontJiHaBaT necHH c xyMopHCTnneH hjih 
epoTnneH tckct 266 ), Taxa n nonynapHH necHH, no3Harn h b /HieTe p^pmaBw. ITo 
to3h HannH MO)Ke pa ce Ha6jnoaaBa BapnaHTHOCTTa, kohto ce nopa^K^a Ha jiOKajmo 
paBHHme, flOKOJiKOTO HMa BapnaHTHOCT b pa3npocTpaHeHHTe othochtcjiho ycTon- 
hhbh TeKCTOBO h My3HKajiHO necHH. TaKtB npniviep e „riponaflHajia Illap njiaHHHa" 
(N°84), y Hac no3Hara KaTO „HaBajin ce UJap nnaHHHa". BapnaHT Ha to3h o6pa3en 
ot Bo/jeHCKO e ny6jinKyBaH nop 3araaBne „IIoT(j)aTHJia IIIap-njiaHHHa" oine npe3 
1890 r. b C6HYHK b pa3pen „Pa3HH HapoflHH necHH ot Maxe/jOHna", „ei>6paji h 
napepnn Ha hoth T. J\. JltaceB" (C6opHHK 3a Hapo^HH yMOTBopeHna 1890: 145). 
riy6jiHKyBaHHaT ot M. Xapn3aHOBa tckct ot aji6aHCKara nacT Ha Iojio Etp/jo e 
etc ctmoTO 3araaBne, H3ni>jiHaBa ce h pnec b pernoHa (Bm. Xapn3aHOBa 1997: 
64) h e HantJiHO npemn*ien b Mejio^HKO-pnTMnnecKO OTHoraeHne c no3HaTHa bi>b 
BapaapcKa n b nnpHHCKa MaKeaofflia BapnaHT. J\opw apeajitT Ha pa3npocTpaHe- 
HHe e oine no-ranpoK - neceHTa e no3Hara h b Kocobo: 

HaBajin ce Illap njiaHHHa 

h yBaTH Tpn Ho6aHa, 

npBH Ho6aH joj ce mojih: 

- IlycTH MeHe, Illap njiaHHHO, 
HMaM MaJKy, he Me >KajiH! 
^pyrn Ho6aH joj ce mojih: 

- IlycTH MeHe, Illap njiaHHHO, 
HMaM cejy he Me ^Kajin! 
Tpehn io6aH joj ce mojih: 

- IlycTH MeHe, Illap njiaHHHO, 
HMaM )KeHy, he Me )Kajin! 
IIporoBapa Illap njiaHHHa: 

266 BaMpaM Ey3HOB „HarjiacHJi" TeKCTa Ha neceHTa 3a ejjHO nocemeHHe bi>b (Jiepivia Ha rocra 
ot EtJirapHfl. 

83 



- JLy6a manw p,slh p,o mia/pie, 
cecTpa )KajiH jiok ce yzia, 
MajKa maim aop p,o Beica! 
(HapoflHa KitH^KeBHOCT Cp6a Ha KocoBy 1980: N°397), 
KaKTO h b aji6aHCKara nacT Ha oGnacTTa Topa 267 , kb/jcto o6ane My3HKanHHaT h 
o6jihk e flpyr. 

Cpefl nonyjiapHHTe necHH, flOKyMeHTHpaHH b Tojio Etp/jo, npncbCTBa h „Kora 
3auiyMaT niyMHTe, 6yKHTe", ho b c. CTe6jieBO Ta e HsntJiHaBaHa KaKTO c TeKCTa, 
pa3npocTpaHeH b EtJirapna h P Maice/jOHna, Taxa h etc CBar6eH tckct (Bac. „Ena 
HeBecTa Ha bhcok qap/jaK ce/ieine" N°85). Jipyr noflo6eH npHMep e neceHTa „IIh- 
jieHO mh nee", b EtJirapna h P MaKe/jOHHa no3HaTa b ce/jeMBpeMeHeH MeTpyM 
(3-2-2), a b Eono Etpao 3anncaHa b TpHBpeMeHeH MeTpyM. MoraT #a ce nocoHar 
ome peflHHa npHMepn - Btpxy Mejio/niKO-pHTMHHecKHa mo/jch Ha „Eo/jhhh, jryini 
MJia^H roflHHH" b CTe6jieBO ce nee „J\& CTaHniu lOTpen no-paHo" (Ne81); „Anfle 
BOfleHHnape, comcjih mh >khtoto" (N°87) ce HsntJiHaBa b /jeBeTBpeMeHeH MeTpyM, 
KaKTO e h y Hac; „EjieHO MOMe Ejicho" (N286) ctme e b HantJiHO HfleHTHneH c pa3- 
npocTpaHeHna b EtJirapna n P MaKe/jOHHa BapnaHT; „Mope nnjie, cjiaBen nnjie" 
(N288) e no3Hara b ycTonnHBna ch BapnaHT n jjp. 

BjinaHHeTO Ha 6tJirapcKHTe h MaKe/jOHCKH Me/nni (pajjno h TejieBH3Ha) ot cpe- 
aara h Kpaa Ha 20 b. He e MajiOBaacHO b Ta3H rpyna necHH. B^npeKH 3a6paHaTa, 
rojioGtpflHH ca HMann /joctmi j\o Te3H Me/niH h TaKa ca ce 3aynaBajiH nonynapHH 
o6pa3HH HMeHHO ot no-KhCHH My3HKajiHH nnacTOBe, aBTopcKH necHH b Hapo/jeH 
jxyx H T.H. 

HanpHMep, Oepnr TaMH3H cnoaejia, ne e Haynnji neceHTa „Tpn ro/jiiHii, KaTe, 
6ojieH jie>Ka" (N°71) ot TejieBroiia: „Hmcim nyeno na mejieemun edna dpyza. Oea 
mpedum da h neum u eo Eyzapun. Cyju h 301 om mejieemun. Ot Koa TejieBroiia - ot 
6yrapcKa hjih ot MaKe/jOHCKa? Eyzapcm, om Eyzapun. " 26S IleceHTa HMa napaMe- 
Tpnre Ha pa3rae>KflaHHa rpa/jCKO-cejiCKii THn. 

IIo noflo6eH HamiH Btokhh Ohjibokh „noin>jiBa" penepToapa ch c 6tJirapcKa 
neceH, HayneHa ot paflHOTo: „Toaopo, To^opo, Benepana jih CH,/Beqepajia jih ch, 
bhho nnjia jih ch". 269 Ohcbhjtho TOBa e 6hji e/jHH ot Bi>3MO>KHHTe MO^ejiH 3a pa3- 
iunpaBaHe Ha penepToapa. 



267 ripn Ha6nK)JieHHe h jjoKyMeHTHpaHe Ha TeprtOBjieH b c. IIlHiuaBeii (IUHiueeu) npe3 
2008 r., pa3nono>KeHO b KyKbCKa Topa, T.e. b an6aHCKHTe ropaHCKH cena (kohto ca no- 
ManKO Ha 6poM ot cenaTa, pa3nono>KeHH b o6nacTTa Topa Ha TepHTopHjrra Ha Kocobo), 
Ta3H neceH 6e H3ni>jiHeHa, ho b Jipyr MenoAHKO-pHTMHHecKH BapnaHT, pa3JiHneH ot no3Ha- 
THa b Bturapna h b jjh. P MaKejjOHHa. 

268 <DepHT TaMH3H, 04.06.2008, c. OreOjieBO. 

269 Bo>khh Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. (TeKcnyr e 6e3 MenoziHH.) 

84 



IIo OTHomeHHe Ha MeTpopnTMnnecKara xapaicrepHCTHKa Ha neceHHna (Jjojik- 
Jiop ot Tojio Btpflo (Btpxy HaGjuo/jeHna Ha cejiara CreGjieBO h KneHbe) MO>Ke 
p,a ce o6o6ihh, ne jroMnHnpainnaT MeTpyM e 7/8 (7/16) (ot rana 3-2-2), ho ca 3a- 
CTtneHH ctino h 9/8 (2-2-2-3), 2/4, 11/8 (2-2-3-2-2), 5/8 (2-3), Kaicro h no-pejiKH 
CJiynan Ha 13/8 (3-2-3-2-3), 12/8 (3-2-3-2-2). HnrepeceH e e/niHHHHHaT cjiynan 
Ha pe^yBaHe Ha 13/8 (3-2-3-2-3) h 7/8 (3-2-2) b rontJiHeHHaTa Ha JlyTCJjne Jlnna 
(„HnKOJia omhji b MeaHa" N°39, „CycTaHaji 6e mh CioJieHMaH" N°42). 

MejiOflHHecKH pa3nie>K/iaHHaT penepToap e /niaroHnneH hjih xpoMarnneH, ne- 
CHHTe ce pa3BHBar b aM6HTyc nncTa KBapTa, nncTa KBHHTa, b pe^KH cnynan p,o 
HHCTa OKTaBa. IIpH o6pe/jHHTe necHH TOHOBnaT o6eM e no-TeceH h acHO ce OTicpo- 
aBar Mejio/nnco-pHTMnnecKH (jjopMyjiH, KoeTO e thhhhho 3a My3nicajiHOTO MHCJieHe 

B 06pe/jeH KOHTCKCT. 

IIo (jjopManHHTe ch 6ejie3H MecTHaTa neceH He ce OTJiniaBa ot GtJirapcicaTa 
HapoflHa neceH no najiOTO hh eTHnnecKO 3eMJinine. IIpaBH BneiarjieHne, ne Ha- 
koh ot 6e3MeH3ypHHTe necHH (h oco6eHO o6pe/niHTe) ca CTpyKTypnpaHH npe3 
MHoroKpaTHO BapnaTHBHO noBTopeHne Ha e/nia cpaBHnrejiHO Kparica Mejio/nine- 
CKa pe/nina. ToBa 6n Morao /ja HjnocTpnpa CTpyKTypHO-HHTOHanHOHHaTa Bpi>3Ka 
c onjiaKBaHnaTa, tbh KaTO onjiaKBarejiHara Tpa/jnnna e 6njia oco6eHO ycTonnnBa 
b pernoHa 270 . 

Ot to3h o63op Btpxy neceHHna (jjojiKJiop Ha cejiara CreGjieBO n KneHbe MO>Ke 
aa ce 3aKjnonn, ne toh e othochtcjiho e/jHHeH b nejina pernoH, xe. nsntJiHaBa ce 
Cthh ycTOHHHB penepToap (c oxjejiHn cejininHH BapnaHTn) c acHH My3HicajiHH 6e- 
Jie3n, OTJinnaBamn ro ot neceHHna penepToap Ha ebce/niHTe aji6aHCKH cejia. ToBa 
ce OTHaca oco6eHO 3a o6pe/jHHTe necHH, kohto ycnoBHO 6axa onpe/jejieHn KaTO 
no-apxanneH miaer b neceHHHa (jjojiioiop. 

IlecHHTe Ha GturapnTe ot aji6aHCKara nacT Ha Tojio Etp/jo He xbpnaT BJinaHne 
ot CTpaHa Ha aji6aHCKna My3nicajieH (jjojiiuiop - oGmHOCxra e raiBajia cpaBHHTeji- 
ho H30JinpaHO 30 HanajioTO Ha 90-Te ro/jnHn Ha 20 b. ae 3ana3HJia MecTHaTa Tpa- 
flHHHOHHa neceH b othochtcjiho cbxpaHeH bh/j. CpaBHaBaHeTO Ha necemm o6pa- 
3hh ot Tojio Btpflo b P AjiGamia c tcxhh BapnaHTH ot TepHTopHHTe Ha BtJirapna 
hjih 3H. P MaKe^OHHa e/nm jih 6h noMorHajio Ha /nieniHHTe perHOHajiHH, nbK h 
cbctobhh, nojiHTHHH p,& p,OKamaj CBOHTe xHnoTe3H 3a nporoxojia Ha rojio6i>pflHH, 
xbfi KaTO noHaTHeTO, kocto b cjiyiaa e BO/jeino b /je(j)HHHpaHeTO Ha pa3rjie>Kfla- 
HHa penepToap, e My3HKajiHO-(j)OJiKJiopHHaT /niajieKT. rojio6i>pflCKHTe necHH HMaT 
anajieKTHHTe 6ejie3H Ha „Maice/iOHCKaTa" neceH (icaro pernoHajiHO onpe^ejieHne 
- HCTopnKO-reorpacjjCKO, roBopHO, My3HKajiHO-(j)OJiKJiopHo), ho npe^aBaHOTO no 



270 B /joceraiiiHaTa pa6oTa He 6axa 3anHcaHH onjiaKBaHHH. Ta3H 3a^a4a cmaKBa CBoeTO 
H3ni>j]HeHHe. 



85 



Tpa/jimiia 3Hamie 3a 6tJirapcKH nporoxo/i HacoHBa KtM emmmecKama hm ae(})H- 

HHIIHfl, K05ITO HMa 3HaHCHHe 3a 06lU,H0CTTa H OHCBHJTHO e yCTOHHHBa, He3aBHCHMO 

ot HCTopnaTa h bchhkh npoBOK/jaHH hojihthkh ot Kpaa Ha 19 h npe3 20 b. Ha 
BajiKaHHTe, OTHacamn ce p,o Te3H TepHTopHH. 

Tpa6Ba othobo pp. ce no^HepTae, ne My3HKajiHHre xapaKTepncTHKH Ha MecTHa- 
Ta neceH HaMar OTHoraeHne KtM Te3H hojihthkh, hhto KtM jTHeumHre onHTH 3a 
MaHKnyjinpaHe Ha npoH3xofla h eTHHiecKaTa npHHa/uie>KHOCT Ha rojioGtp/jCKara 
o6ihhoct b P Aji6aHHa, ho no-sajxtnOoHeHHaT norjiea KtM TpajjHHHOHHara My3H- 
Kajma Kyjiiypa b to3h pernoH cohh, ne Ta (b onpe/iejieH cboh flaji) e ctxpaHHJia 
othochtcjiho no-apxaHiHH My3HKajiHH 6ejie3H Ha ctOTBeTHHa flnajieKT b cpaBHe- 
Hne HanpHMep etc ctce/niHTe cejinma Ha ph. P MaKe/jOHHa. 



CBe^eHHaTa 3a HHCTpyMeHrajiHara npaKTHica b Tojio Etp/jo (Btpxy Ha6jno/ieHH- 
aTa Ha canara Ctc6jicbo h KneHbe) He ca oco6eHO /jeTaHJiHH. IIo3HaTHTe b pernoHa 
HHCTpyMeHTH, c kohto ochobho e Gnna 03BynaBaHa, a h /jhcc ce 03ByiaBa Bcaxa 
npa3HHHHa CHTyaHHa (b cejiHinara, kohto ca >kh3hchh), ca 3ypHara, TyK Ha30BaBa- 
Ha ceupKa hjih yypjia, h TtnaHtT (monan) b ycTOHiHBOTO ctieTaHHe Ha pBe 3ypHH 
h ppa TtnaHa (Tpa/jHHHOHHO pa3npocTpaHeHH ctmo b pa3JiHiHH pernoHH Ha P 
MaKeaoHHa h EtJirapna - 3a 3ypHa/j)KHHCKaTa Tpa/jHHHa b K)ro3ana/nia EtJirapna 
noBene bh>k y IleHHeBa, ,H,hmob 2002). MaMcTopn Ha HHCTpyMeHTHre Hafi-HecTO 
ca HHraHH (estoniju) h noHTH BHHarn Te ca h H3nbJiHHrejiH. KoM6nHaHHaTa ot jjBa 
TtnaHa h 3Be 3ypHH e (JjyHKHHOHajiHO CBtp3aHa h etc CBaT6eHaTa o6pe/nrocT - 
noa TexHHa ctnpoBO/i b 6jih3koto MHHajio npoTHnar xopara npii npHroTBaHeTO Ha 
noranaTa b pomsl Ha momhcto BenepTa npe/ni CBar6eHiia peii (b ct6oTa); 3ae/nio 
c „My3HKara" CBaT6eHOTO ihcctbhcto OTHBa po pom& Ha HeBecTaTa, 3a pa 6tae 
„B3eTa" b fleHa Ha CBar6ara h OTBefleHa b HOBHa h /jom; etc 3ypHafl>KHHCKa My3HKa 
e cbnpoBoacflaHa h npa3HHHHara Tpane3a, KaKTO h TaHnoBara npaKTHKa cnefl TOBa 
- cneiinajiHOTO xopo Ha MJia/jo^eHiniTe npep bchhkh tocth ce e H3irbJiHaBa.no nop 

3ByHHTe Ha Te3H HHCTpyMeHTH H T.H. 

BcaKO ccjio e HMajio „cbohtc" My3HKaHTH, kohto aKTHBHO ca yiacTBanH b npa3- 
HHHHHa }khbot. B mhoto ot cejinmara Ta3H Tpa^HHHa 3aMHpa b HanajiOTO Ha 90-Te 
ropnnn, KoraTO ronaMa nacT ot HacejieHHCTO eMHrpnpa b rpa/jOBeTe KaTO pe3ynTar 
ot npoMeHeHHTe o6mecTBeHH h conHajiHH yaiOBna. B nocjie/niHTe HaKOJiKO roflH- 
hh ce npaBH onHT 3a peBHrajiH3HpaHe Ha Tpa/jHnnaTa h b Te3H npaKTHKH ynacTBar 
h HHCTpyMeHTajiHH (jjopMaHHH - HanpHMep b c. CtcGjicbo b nocjie/jHHTe ropnnn 
xpncTHaHH h MiocioJiMaHH ce Bptmar, 3a pa npa3HyBaT reprbOB/jeH Ha o6poHHO- 
to MacTO BaKycp, Kb/jcTO rocTyBar My3HKaHTH etc 3ypHH h TtnaHH ot c. Tojicmo 
OcTpeHH. 

86 



Me^Kfly „ wynejibKa" 211 h „ ceupm" (3ypHa) 3a mccthoto HacejieHHe ctmecTBy- 
Ba acHa (jjyHKHHOHajiHa pa3JiHKa - ocbch ne ca pa3JiHHHH no bur h 3ByK, TBtpaH 
ce, ne ntpBara ce e H3non3Bana ochobho ot OBHapnre h Ha Hea ce H3m>jiHaBaT koh- 
KpeTeH THn OBnapcKH m&jiojthh, JTOKaro BTopara 3aeMa HenrpajrHO Mac™ b oGHHan 
h npa3HHiiH: „... mynenbKa e unaKea, ceupKama, m^nanume, unaKea 6eme (...) 
IUynejibKa so euKaejwe, cade edno cmanue 212 dbmo pyuieeno, ujo ceupu, ceupea 
oenapume, no myMdene (...) ma Ken nucne u mu Ken nyeut u m ce nyduut. " 213 

Hapefl c „ mynejibKama " b MecTHiia HHCTpyMeHTapnyM ce BioiiOHBa h KaBajitT, 
kohto ctmo e mnpoKO pa3npocTpaHeH h kohto HMa cxojihh (jjymcHHH: „... nocjie 
sacpamua mhozo da ceupam na mynenbKa, na mean, na maKuea neuja... Cecpme r 
co 6pama mu Eouko eo /Jpan ujuaju eden 6pam, otcue e ou\e, u mou ceupu do6i>p, na 
uiynenbKa, na Kaean. H Mue maMO co dpaeume 214 u cedne naeenep om odoiiuama 215 
ceupeeMe... " 276 , ho Bee naic „uiynejibKa e dpyzo, Kaean ue dpyzo. LUynenbKama e 
no-Mano. " 211 IIo cnoMeHH Ha B. ®HJibOKH KaBanH ca ce KynyBajiH ot cbce^HHTe 
„MaiceflOHCKH" rojioGtpflCKH cena, Ha h3tok ot ajiGaHCKO-ioroonaBCicaTa (pp. an- 
6aHCKO-MaKeflOHCKaTa) rpaHHHa - b c. >I6jiaHHHa ce e npaBen naHanp Ha cb. Hjina, 
Kt/jeTO ce e npe/jjiarajia CTOKa ot pa3JiHHHH pernoHH h tbkmo TaM toh ch KynyBa 
KaBan (pa36iipa ce, b nepnofla npe/jH 1944 r., KoraTO mccthoto HacejieHHe cbo6o/j- 
ho npeMHHaBa rpaHHHara h o6myBa noMe>Kay ch). 

HnrepecHa e enrocTHHHara HH(j)opMaHHa ot c. CreGjieBO 3a Hajiiiniie b 6jih3ko- 
to MHHano Ha HHCTpyMeHTajma npaKTHKa 3a CBHpeHe Ha /nm KaBajia („ Kae/iu "), 3a 
KoaTO ce TBtp/ni, ie HMa mcctch nporoxog - „zu npaeenu cmapume mode nauiu ". 
Jlpara KaBana ca H3pa6oTBaHH ot e/nio napne fltpBO KaTO flBe OT/jejiHH tpt>6h - 

BCaKa CbC CbOTBCTHHTe nptCTOBH OTBOpH, pa3JIHHHa fltJDKHHa H pa3JIHHCH flHaMe- 

Ttp: „dea Kaeanu dbmu om cedyMdecem-ocyMdecem canmuMempu. M eden noeeK 
ceupeuie, ajua eden no-Kyc, no-Man, eden no-dbm. " HHTepecHO e o6ane, ne ca c 
e^HH 06m, otbop 3a BT>3/iyxa: "... dea Kamo 3anenenu, aMa eden no-Kyc, eden no- 
dbJiz, mu dyeaut na eden, aMa MysuKa, deama npaeu My3UKa" 21H . ITo OTHOineHHe 
Ha My3HKajiHHTe hm napaMeTpn ce nofliepTaBa pa3JiHHHOTO hm 3ByqeHe (MaKap 
h e/jHOBpeMeHHo) - „ dea znaca - eden no-mauK, eden no-de6en znac. Eden Kao 



271 CBiipica, no3HaTa tiojx TOBa HaHMeHOBaHHe b MaKe^OHHa, CtpGna, Kocobo h pp. 

272 npMHija 

273 Patjuvme AB^ny, 20.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 



276 Bo>khh (Dhjibokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

277 Ca6pn Mypara, 17.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

278 Ca6pn Mypara, 17.06.2007, c. Cre6neBO. 



87 



otcena, eden - Maotc, Maotcom UMa dedeji zjiac, otcenama ujuam m-bH-bK zjiac " 279 , Koe- 
to npe/jnocTaBa n pa3JiHHHara hm (jjyHKiiHa - e/jHimaT bo/jh Mejio/jnaTa, a jipyrnaT 
„ cu zo naxam ". IIpaKTHKaTa 3a CBHpeHe Ha „hh(})t KaBajin" e no3HaTa Ha Tepnro- 
pnflTa Ha BtJirapna, h Ha jjHeinHara P MaKe/jOHna, ho ce icacae 3a CBHpeHe Ha jjBa 
HHCTpyMeHTa. A b cnynaa, Koraro JiBeTe TptGn ca H3pa6oTeHH ot e/jHO na.no napne 
fltpBO, no-CKopo CTaBa Btnpoc 3a apyr HHCTpyMenr - „jjBoaHKa", „raaiHHHna" 
hjih „flBOHHHHe", kohto o6ane HMa no-pa3JiHHHH pa3Mepn. Ta3H HHCTpyMeHTajIHa 
npaKTHKa KopecnoH/nipa mhoto necTO c neceHHa jiHacjjOHHa - cpema ce npe/jHMHO 
b flBymacHO neenni pernoHH. Tpa6Ba #a ce npnnoMHH, ne Ha6jno/ieHHaTa b Cre6- 
jieBO h KjieHbe, H3BT>pmeHH b HanajiOTO Ha 21 b., He noTBtp^KflaBar HajiniHeTO Ha 
neceHeH jjByraac. 

Ecokhh OnjibOKH ot c. KneHbe e H3m>jiHHTeji Ha rafijia, ho ts He mtokc jia 6t3e 
npHHHCJieHa KbM THnnnHHa HHCTpyMeHTapnyM 3a pernoHa. MHoro e BepoaTHO b 
no-paHeH eTan, npe/ni pa3JiejiaHeTO Ha oGjiaerra Tojio Btp^o Meayjy P Aji6aHna 
h P MaKeflOHHa, KoraTO pernoHtT (jjyHKnnoHnpa KaTO eflHHHO npocTpaHCTBO (b 
pa3JiHHHH OTHoraeHHa), HHCTpyMeHTbT jxa e 6hji 3HaHHTejiHO no-pa3npocTpaHeH 
- h b cejinmara, HaMnpamn ce b /jHenma Aji6aHHa. CnynaaT Ha Eo>khh OnnbOKH 
e oco6eHO noKa3arejieH 3a CBoeo6pa3HOTO „B'b3CTaHOBaBaHe" Ha Bene no3Hara- 
Ta HHCTpyMeHTajIHa npaKTHKa h b „aji6aHCKOTo" Tojio Btp^o, Ttfi KaTO HeroBOTO 
ceMeficTBO MHrpnpa Ha h3tok ot jjHeiHHara rpaHHHa, b c&nnine ot ToraBaumoTO 
KpajiCTBO K)rocjiaBHfl (Ha TepnTopnaTa Ha flHenmara P MaKe/jOHna), a no-KbCHO 
ce Bptma o6paTHO b pojthoto KneHbe 280 . ToBa TpaHcrpaHHHHO ,„TBH)KeHHe" ocb- 
mecTBaBa npaKTHnecKn Bpi>3KaTa MOK/ry cena ot pernoHa h cbOTBeTHO peajin3npa 
MexaHHStM 3a „Ha6aBaHe" Ha 3Hamie 3a MecTHaTa Tpa/jnnna: „% ujuae euotcdano 
no-nanped, ceupea maMO eo Mdjianuua, Hue odeejue co cmoKa u eu^cdaMe ufo 
ceupam. MaiiKa My om eden enyn mou, MoeanKa om fldjianuua e, cmpuKo nemun 
snaeuie na zauda, udetue eo JIaKauua mhozo noma u h - mou kh ceupeuie u n 
ceda do nezo u nyjin My ce. " 281 TaKa BCbinHOCT ce crara jio nop'bHBaHeTO Ha rafijia 
h3bi>h Aji6aHHa - cecTpara Ha B. OnjibOKH e OM^^KeHa b >I6jiaHHHa h hmchho ts 
My KynyBa nbpBara rafijia: „... na mou mu h npamu cecmpa mu om eo H6naHuua 
(...), u nyujuen nucMO -ne mu caviaMH huujo, hu nanmo, hu..., caMO daMU nyujuut 
zauda. " 282 Gne/i BpeMe ta ce „pa3cunea" (HHCTpyMeHTbT HMa onpcgejieH „>kh- 
bot", oco6eHO Mex'bT) h B. OnjibOKH nop'bHBa BTopa rafi^a, Bene ot Oxpn^. 

CncTeMara, no kojito B. OnjibOKn ce o6ynaBa p,a CBnpn Ha ran^a, e caMoynn- 
TejiHa, tm KaTO b aji6aHCKHTe rojio6"bpflCKn cena HHCTpyMeHTbT He e oco6eHO 



279 Ca6pH Mypara, 17.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

280 Bac. nacTTa 3a HCTopnaTa Ha o6mHOCTra. 

281 Bo>khh (Dhjibokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

282 B05KHH Ohjibokh, 01.04.2008, rp. THpaHa. 



no3HaT: „... na u ce naynue u neMauie kou da mu Ka^ce, da Me noynu... " 3a no/j- 
fltp^KaHeTO Ha raMaara ch My3HKaHTbT ce CHa6/raBa c nacra ot /jpyrn oGjiacra 
Ha Aji6aHHa, b kohto cbiho >KHBeaT GtJirapn - Hanp. ot rp. Kopna, IIpecnaHCKo: 
„... znedae oede eo Kopna, u znedae, u npavuae, u Kynee om oeue nucKamnu 2Si . M 
maKa od Mouom... u ceza omsadu ceupam mojibKy jibeno, ne shom k(iko da mu m- 
KaoicaM. " He3aBHCHMO, ne 3aHaaTtT Ha B. OhjhjOkh e CTpoHreji - 3Haapo-Ma3aH, 
Ha npaKTHKa toh ce npenHTaBa h KaTO My3HKaHT, tbh KaTO c ro/jHHHTe HaTpynBa 
onHT h yMefflia: „Ha zauda UMaM ceupeno mhozo epeMe. (...) kciko zodun uejuaM 
3anaMemeeHO dodpo, am wua mpuecem zodun Kode ceupa na zauda (...) uc nen ce 
3anuMaeax mhozo epeMe u noMunae Jibeno. " 284 

B aji6aHCKHa KyjnypeH kohtckct, ran/jara He e 6njia npneMaHa TBtp/je /jo6pe, 
tbh KaTO e HHCTpyMeHT c nyacfl „eTHHHecKH" npoH3xo/j: „ odee na cpecmuean, npa- 
ee Kama zoduna co zauda, anu zaudama do epeMe nen npuMae, nencaKae... 3amo? 
Buna 6-bJizapume... Euna 6-biizapcKa oea. He e dudena, h UMana u Mecmomo. Hen 
came om edno epeMe, nocne Me nyujua myKa om Tupana, 3aujo ceda h, Me 6apae 
sa na (pecmueanu. Hocne Me nyujua eo Tupana. Bue UMame maMO zauda... " 285 
HnrepecHO e, ne He caMO HHCTpyMeHThT, ho h H3HMiHaBaHHTe ot ran/jara Me.no- 

/HTH Ca fle(j)HHHpaHH KaTO „6T>JirapCKH", TBH KaTO Ca CBtp3aHH C MeCTHHTe necHH, 

kohto b npe^CTaBHTe Ha rojio6tp/iHH cbiho ca 6tJirapcKH. 

TepMHHtT, kohto ce ynoTpe6flBa 3a Mejio/nia h ot My3HKaHTH, h ot HeMy3HKaH- 
th, e „MeKaM " (i.e. MaKaM) - „MeKaM eenuMe Mue, MenaM om necMa. Bue ne 3uaM 
KaKo eenume. MeKaM - Menbodun. " 286 B GtJirapcKara My3HKono>KKa jiHTeparypa, 
cnopefl JI. IleHHeBa h B. /Jhmob, (JjeHOMenbT „MaKaM" e ana6o npoyneH. IIpHBOK- 
flafiKH pa3JiHHHH ^ecjjHHHHHH, aBTopHTe ycTaHOBaBar, ne b xy^TOKecTBeHaTa pen 
noHaTHeTO „MaKaM" ce CBi>p3Ba c jx&q My3HKajiHH aBJieHHa - Meno/nia h HHrepnpe- 
TaHHa, h ce H3noji3Ba b TypcKaTa h 6tJirapcKaTa Hapo/nia My3HKa, npaBOCJiaBHHTe 
HtpKOBHH necHoneHHa, KaKTO h b My3HKaTa, H3m>jiHaBaHa ot HHraHH (TleHHeBa, 
,H,hmob 1999: 51). Cnope/i pa3JiHHHH aBTopn (fl. Xphctob, Ct. jly<Lyjy%Lm), „Ma- 
KaM" 03HanaBa „TOHanHOCT" hjih „Jiajj", ho OHeBH/nro (jjojncnopHHTe npe^CTaBH He 
BHHarn, fla^Ke mhoto necTO, He cbBna/jar c TeopeTHHHHTe nocTaHOBKH - 3a xopara 
ot Tojio Btpflo „MeKaM" e Me.no/iHaTa Ha neceHTa. B. OhjhjOkh flopn ch cnoMHa, 
ne 3a fla Gtaar aonycKaHH 30 (jjecTHBajiH, My3HKaHTHTe ot Tojio Etp/jo H3noji3BaT 
„MeKaMume" (t.c M&noaHHTe) ot 6tJirapcKHTe necHH, a „nocjie kh zu MecmeeMe 
no ajidancKu". IIpHJiaraHeTO Ha TepMHHOJiorHHHHa anapaT Ha My3HK03HaHHeTO 
kt>m (jjojiKJiopHaTa My3HKa h npeflCTaBHTe 3a Hea He BHHarn e a/jeKBarHO, nopa- 



283 IlHCKyHH; niicKyH e CTpofiicaTa Ha raM^aTa, nocraBflHa Me^K/iy raMziyHHi;aTa h Mexa. 

284 B05KHH OnntoKH, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

285 Bo>khh Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

286 <DepHT TaMH3H, 04.06.2008, c. Cre6neBO. 

89 



flH pa3JIHHH0T0 Cbfltp^KaHHe, KOeTO HapOflHHHT HSHBJIHHTeJI BJiara, KOeTO OT CBOfl 

CTpaHa ce 3i>ji}kh Ha pa3JiHHHHTe mhcjiobhh MO/jejiH n noHaTHeH anapaT, c kohto 
toh 6opaBH. JI. nefiqeBa yeraHOBaBa, ne „MeTae3HKBT, npe3 kohto My3HKajmaTa 
(jjoJiKJiopncTHKa TeopeTHnecKH HHTepnpeTHpa (JjOJiKJiopHara My3HKajiHa npaKTH- 
Ka, e BtHineH no OTHOiueHHe Ha Tpa/nmHOHHara Hapo/pia My3HKa n 6h Mon>ji aa 
ynpa^KHaBa h3bcctho TeopeTnnecKO „HacHJiHe" Btpxy Hea, KoraTO a onncBa h tbji- 
KyBa" (IleHHeBa 1991: 15). 3aTOBa n ce HaGjnoflaBar Te3ii pa3MHHaBaHna b cbjybQ- 
^KaHHeTO Ha ynoTpeGaBaHnre TepMHHH. 

IIo OTHOiueHHe Ha HHCTpyMenrapHyMa b jTojio Etp/jo Tpa6Ba p,a ce otGcjiokh, 
ne icaro nacT ot e^Ha no-ranpoKa TeH/jemma Ha pa3npocTpaHeHHe Ha eBponefi- 
ckh HHCTpyMeHTH Ha BajiKaHHTe, b MecTHara HHCTpyMeHTajiHa npaKTHKa nona/ja 
h aicop/ieoHbT 287 . Hapefl c ycTonnHBara KOMGnHanna Ha jtbc 3ypHH h jTBa TtnaHa, 
aKopfleoHtT b ctHeTaHHe HanpHMep c raM/ja ctino e 3Byqaji Ha rojio6i>p/j;cKHTe 
CBaT6n. BoacHH OnjibOKH h EaMpaM By3HOB, H3ni>jiHHTejiH cbotbctho Ha rafi^a h 
aKop^eoH, roflHHH Hape/i „nrpaaT pana" Ha HHCTpyMenrajiHa (h BOKanHO-HHCTpy- 
MeHTajiHa, TtM KaTO ce H35maBar h KaTO neBHH) „(}jopMaHHa", ynacTBaina b CBar- 
6htc Ha HfljiaTa o6jiacT Tojio Etpjrp. H He3aBHCHMO, ne ctHeTaBaHeTO Ha hctcm- 
nepnpaH c TeMnepnpaH HHCTpyMeHT He e oco6eHO y/jaHHO, peHenunaTa kt>m to3h 
„3yeT" e oco6eHO nojiomiTejiHa: „TyKa eo Knenbe, ccuuo n, ujuae u eden dpyzap 
EaupaM Eysuoe, Hue c nezo saedno odeejue, uMaejue dpyotccmeo cujiho, u odoiiua- 
ma Hue neeejue 3aeduo, no ceaedu, Tlocne mou Ka ujo mu doude Mene aaudama, mu 
npamu cecmpa mu, u mou Kynu (pusapMonuKa 1 ^ u nocne odouuama - mou (pu3ap- 
MOHUKa, h - zaiida. E rafi^a h (})H3apMOHHKa /jo6pe jih 3Bynn? Mhozo Jibeno. " 289 

Ot to3h ntpBH h He oco6eHO sajrbJiGoneH noraefl Btpxy HHCTpyMeHTajraaTa 
npaKTHKa Ha GtJirapHTe ot Tojio Etp/jo MO>Ke fla ce 3aKniOHH, ne no CBoaTa ei>in- 
hoct Ta e eflHHHa c Ta3n b jTHeiuHara P MaKejrpHHa, KoeTO e 6ejier 3a jrnajieKTHOTO 
e^HHCTBO Ha pernoHa, ho ot jrpyra CTpaHa, OTpa35raa h TeHjieHHHH, xapaKTepHH 3a 
My3HKajiHHa )khbot Ha BajiKaHHTe. 



287 3a HaBHH3aHeTO Ha aKop^eoHa h yTBtp^aBaHeTO My b 6tnrapcKaTa HHCTpyMeHTajiHa 
npaKTHKa b>k. neiraeBa 2006. 

288 aKop/ieoH 

289 Bo>khh Ohjii,okh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

90 



V. HflEHTHHHOCT 

HfleHTHHHoerra Ha 6tJirapcKaTa oGiuhoct b Eojio Etpao nona^Ha b nane3pe- 
HneTO Ha o6mecTBeHHa, a h Ha rocneflOBaTejiCKna HHTepec e/nm cnep, 1989 r. nopa- 
flH peflHHa HCTopHnecKH h coHHajiHO-nojiHTHnecKH npe/jnocTaBKH. Hafi-Ba>KHHTe 
ot Tax c pernoHajiHO 3HaneHne ca: /jeMOKparHHHHTe npoMeHH b EtJirapna (1989 
r.) h Aji6aHHa (1990 r., 5 ro^KHH cnsp, CMtprra Ha EHBep Xo^^Ka); pa3na/jaHeTO 
Ha COPK3; pecjjepeH/ryM'BT 3a o6aBaBaHe Ha He3aBHCHMOCTTa Ha P Maice/iOHHa h 
OT^ejiaHeTO h KaTO caMOCToaTejiHa Jxtp^aBa ot COP lOrocnaBHa (1991 r.); npn- 
3HaBaHeTO Ha cyBepeHHTeTa Ha P MaicejiOHHa ot erpaHa Ha P EtJirapna Ha 15 
aHyapn 1992 r. (He 6nBa /ja ce 3a6paBa, ne hmchho EtJirapna e HLpBara /rbp>KaBa 

B CBCTa, KOHTO H3B1>pHIBa T03H aKT, H TO nOfl KOHCTHTyHHOHHOTO H HM6, H TaKa 

OTKJHOHBa npoHeca Ha MOK/ryHapo/nroTO jierHTHMHpaHe Ha HOBaTa /rbp)KaBa.) h 
np. Eto 3amo, npe/ni jia ce HSJioacar Bi>3rjieflHTe no Btnpoca 3a H/jeHTHHHOCTra 
Ha rojioGtpflHH, e hco6xojihmo jia ce MapKHpar ochobhhtc nyGjiHicaHHH 3a Tax b 
P EtJirapna h P MaiceaoHHa, c yroBopKaTa 3a e/nro3HaHHOCTTa no OTHoraeHne Ha 
eTHHnecKOTO flecjjnHnpaHe Ha o6inHOCTTa - cbotbctho, KaTO d'bJizapcKa y Hac h 
MdKedoHCKa b P MaicejiOHHa. 

H3bt>h BcaKaKBO ctMHCHHe e, ne npe/jH CT>3flaBaHeTO Ha t. Hap HtpBa K)ro- 
CJiaBna (KpajiCTBO Ha Cbp6n, xtpBarn n cjiOBeHnn) npe3 1918 r. Eojio Btp^o e 
Bi>3npHeMaH caMO n e/niHCTBeHO KaTO 6i>JirapcKH pernoH (b KpancTBO Aji6aHHa n 
b KpancTBO CXC), ho b cjiynaa aicneHn>T me 6tfle nocTaBeH Btpxy ctBpeMeHHO- 
to ctCToaHne Ha eTHHHecKara hjtchthhhoct Ha rojio6i>p/mH. Ot flHenma rae/jHa 
TOHKa, BtnpocbT e 3HannTejiHO no-ycnoacHeH, tbh KaTO HCTopnKO-nojinTHHecKHTe 
o6paTH b CT>fl6ara Ha TOBa Hacejiefflie BO/jaT j\o HacjioaBaHHa b CB3HaHneTO, kohto 
ca n npnnHHa 3a nponecnre, npoTnnainn JiHec. 

B jiHTeparypara Jip HLpBara CBeTOBHa Boinia HHrepecvr kt>m 6tJirapnTe ot 
Eojio Btpflo e flOCTa aKTHBeH. Cnsp, 1944 r. o6ane, etc 3aTBapaHeTO Ha rpaHHinrre, 
ce npeKtCBa n KOHTaKTBT Ha EtJirapna c Ta3n o6ihhoct n HHCJjopManna noHTH 
jinncBa. Ot to3h nepHoa Cb. Eji/rbpoB cnoMeHaBa e/jHa-e/nracTBeHa ny6jiHKanna 
b o6jiacTTa Ha HCTopnorpacjjHaTa Ha aBTop ot HHCTHTyra no 6ajiicaHHCTHKa - BAH 
(Eji/rspoB 2000: 8) 290 . KaKTO 6e noconeHO, o6mecTBeHnaT h HayneH HHTepec ce 
Bt3poflH cnefl 1989-1991 r. B ctBpeMeHHara GtJirapcica HaynHa jiHTeparypa npn- 
CbCTBar HaKOJiKO c6opHHKa, nocBeTeHn Ha d'bjizapume ot Eojio Etpao (EtJirapHre 
h3bt>h BtJirapna 1997; AjiMaHax 2001; AjiMaHax 2005), KaKTO n ncTopnnecKOTO 
H3cnejiBaHe Ha Cb. Ejijtbpob, hhhto o6eKT ca GtJirapHre b Aji6aHHa b nepnofla 
1913-1939 r. (EjifltpoB 2000). Hohth bchhkh CTaTHH h ciyjiHH no TeMaTa (ny6jiH- 



290 Bo6eB 1985. 

91 



KyBaHH b noconeHHie hjih flpyrn cGopimiiH, KaKTO h khhiti) 3acarar othochtcjiho 
nacTHH npo6jieMH: OTpa35raaT h5ikojikoto eKcne/jHnHH, ocbinecTBeHn cpefl Ta3H 
d'bJizapcKa o6iu,hoct (cjiefl 1991 r.), npe3 nproMaTa Ha pa3JinHHn H3CJie/jOBaTeji- 
ckh acneKTH (Eofl/wneB 1997a, 6; MnnaHOB 2001; MaHrajiaKOBa 2004; ToHneBa 
nop neiaT a; Toncheva nop nenai), npe/uiarar noraefl kt>m HCTopniecKara ci>a6a 
Ha o6iHHOCTTa b onpe/jejieH nepnop (Ejiai>poB 2000; Ejiai>poB 2001a; EjiatpoB 
20016), pa3rae>KaaT c3hkobh h jinHrBHCTHHHH npoGneMH (AceHOBa 1997; Xapn3a- 
HOBa 1997a; XaproaHOBa 19976; AceHOBa 2005; IleTKOBa 2005; XpncTOBa 2007), 
npe^CTaBaT TonoHHMHaTa b pernoHa ()KajiOB 2005), 3ano3HaBar nacraHHO hjih 
no-fleTaiiJiHO c Tpa/jHHHOHHara KyjiTypa Ha hskoh ot cejiara b Eojio Etpao (Ejia- 
roeB 1999; UoHeBa 2001; ToHneBa nop nenar b), 3acaraT Tpa^HnHOHHara neceH- 
hoct QKajiOB 2008; ToHneBa nop neiar 6). IIpaBH BnenaTJieHne, ie bi>b bchhkh 
Te3H TeKCTOBe no noflpa36npaHe HacejieHneTO Ha Eojio Etp/jo ce npneivia 3a h ce 
Ha30BaBa 6-bJizapcKo. B cjiynanre, KoraTO ce 3acarar acneKTH Ha nflenrnHHOCTTa, 
(jjOKycnpaHeTO o6hkhobcho e Btpxy CTaryra Ha 6tJirapcKaTa o6mHOCT b Aji6aHna 
(ocjjHHnajiHO Tfl He e npn3Hara 3a MajinHHCTBo) h no-pa/jKO Btpxy caM03aaBaBaHe- 
to. H3KjnoneHHe npaBH CTarnaTa Ha E. EjiaroeB, hhhto o6eKT ca Tpa/jnHHOHHHTe 
npa3HHHH h o6nnaH Ha 6tJirapHTe MiocioJiMaHH ot Eojio Etpao (EjiaroeB 1999), 

HO B KOSTO Ce OTHHTa HepflflKOTO CaMOH/jeHTH(j)HHHpaHe Ha HaiHHTe CbHapOflHHHH 

KaTO „MaiceaoHnH" nop bjihahhc Ha nponaraH/jaTa Ha /nieniHaia P MaKe/jOHHa, 
KaKTO n CTarnaTa Ha E. MaHrajiaKOBa (MaHranaKOBa 2004), kohto peracTpnpa npo- 
MennHBaia H/jeHinHHOCT h nojieMH3npa 6i>JirapcKHTe n MaKe/jOHCKHTe npeTeHHHH 
3a BJiHHHne b Ta3H o6jiacT (a cbiho n b o6jiacTTa Ilpecna, hhato HCTopnnecKa Cbp- 
6a e cxoflHa) 291 . Ho TaKa hjih HHane, 3a KOJie6aHns b eTHnnecKOTO caMOonpe/jejiflHe 
paflKO ce roBopn, a ome no-MajiKO 3a /nraaMHKa b H/jeHTHHHOCTTa nop bjihahhc Ha 
pa3JiHHHH CTHMyjinpamn (jjaKTopn (3a kohto me CTaHe pyMa). 

B P MaKe/jOHna (c H3Kjno<ieHHe Ha KHHraTa Ha p-p M. Ohjihhobhh, ny6jinKyBa- 
Ha Ha cpi>6cKH e3HK b CKonne, bi>b BpeMeTO Ha T.Hap. BTopa lOrocjiaBna - Kpan- 
ctbo K)rocjiaBHH, 1929-1945 r.) (®HJinnoBnn 1940), b nepnofla 1945-1991 r. Eojio 
Etpao e o6eKT Ha othochtcjiho cjia6 HayneH HHTepec. Bi>b bchhkh nocjieaBanni 
ny6jiHKaHHH rojio6i>p/iHH ca Ha30BaBaHH h ca HHTepnpeTHpaHH Karo JuaKedoutfu 
n KaTO nacT ot MaKedoncKama ^nacnopa Ha EajiKaHHie. MaKedoutfume ot Eojio 
Etpflo nona/jar b H3CJieflOBaTejiCKaia TepnTopna Ha H. JEiMaHOCKH, kohto 3a/jT>ji- 
6oneHO npoynBa MaKeaoHHHTe MiocioJiMaHH h TaxHara HCTopna, Tpa/ninnn, Kyji- 
Typa (JlnMaHOCKH 1992; JlnMaHOCKn 1993), ti>h KaTO o6mHOCTTa b Eojio Etpao e 
npenMymecTBeHO ronoBaaBaina hcjism. IIpe3 2004 r., KaTO pe3yjiTaT ot cbbmcct- 



291 Ho kohto, Tpa6Ba pa ce OT6ejie>KH, unrapa ci>6ece/;HHHHTe ch ot Majia Ilpecna h Tojio 
Etpzio b „npeBOzi", T.e. He Ha ^Hajieiera, kohto roBopaT, a Ha khhmcobbh 6tJirapcKH e3HK. 

92 



Ha pa6oTa Ha MaiceflOHCKH h an6aHCKH cthojio3h h H3one/iOBaTejiH, ce peajiH3npa 
npoyHBaHe b an6aHCKaTa nacT Ha oGjiacrra Tojio Etpao, HHaTO raaBHa u,en e p,a ce 
H^eHTHCjjHHHpaT MexaHH3MHTe, kohto ca flonpHHecjiH MaKe^OHCKOTO HaceneHHe 
3a ycTOH b npe/jejiHre Ha Aji6aHHa h noKpafi HeroBaTa HeH3ro/jHa no3HHHa ot Typ- 
ckoto cpe/nwBeicoBHe 30 HanajiOTO Ha 20 b., h oco6eHO b nocjie^HHTe 80 ro/jHHH, 
kohto HapofltT HfleHTH(j)HHHpa KaTO cpi>6cKo, dtJizapcKo, 3ozoeo h Eneepoeo Bpe- 
Me, KaKTO h b cbBpeMeHHH ycjiOBHa, b t. Hap. deMOKpaiiUH (CBeTHeBa 2006: 14). 
Pe3yjrrar ot to3h npoeKT e c6opHHK (rono Epao. )Khbot Ha rpaHHHa 2006), b kohto 
MaKe/jOHCKH h aji6aHCKH aBTopn (nocjieflHHTe npoH3xo>K/iamH ot Tojio Etp/jo) H3- 
acHHBar KOHKpeTHH npo6jieMH, CBtp3aHH c HfleHTHHHOcrra h CTaTyTa Ha, MaKedoH- 
ijume, raiBeeiHH Ha rpaHHHaTa Ha Aji6aHHa h MaKe/jOHHa, b o6jiacTra Tojio Etpao 
(CBeTHeBa 2006; Ma3HHKy 2006; OeTaxy 2006a; OeTaxy 20066; TpnecKH 2006), 
c Tpa/nnjHOHHaTa hm KyjiTypa h no BpeMe Ha coHHanHCTHHecKHa nepnofl (3/ipa- 
BeB 2006; U,BeTaHOBCKa 2006; AnrrajiocKa 2006; IJrjBeHKOBCKa-PHCTecKa 2006), c 
pejinrnaTa h pejiHrH03HOTO cb^khtcjictbo (IJ,BapKy 2006; H6paxHMH 2006), c rpa- 
HHHaTa h HeiiHOTO HCTopH3npaHe b KynTypHara naMeT Ha o6iHHOCTTa (PncTecKH 
2006), c e3HKa h Hapo/jHara TepMHHOJiorna b pernoHa (PncTecKH 20066). 

MaKe/jOHCKHre h3tohhhhh eflH03HaHHO Ha30BaBaT rojio6'bp/mH MaKedouifu 
(c H3KJHOHeHHe Ha H3CJieflBaHeTO Ha fl. TpnecKH (TpnecKH 2006), hhhto o6eKT 
e HMeHHO npo6jieMi>T 3a /niBepreHTHOCTra b eTHHHecKara h3Chthhhoct Ha rojio- 
6tpflHH), KaTO aKHeHTBT ce nocTaBa acHO Btpxy npoH3xo/ja h e3HKa, 6e3yanoBHO 
npneMaHH 3a MaKedoucKu, h nopa/ni Ta3H npHHHHa ynoTpe6aBaHH KaTO H3e0.no- 
rHHecKH HHCTpyMeHT b apryMeHTHpaHeTO Ha eTHHnecKaTa npHHa/uie>KHOCT Ha 
o6iHHOCTTa b Tojio Btpflo: „Ta3H o6jiacT e MajiHHHCTBeHa. TaM acHBee e^Ha ro- 
jiaMa MaKeflOHCKa MajiHHHCTBeHa o6ihhoct, KoaTO OTroBapa Ha bchhkh KpHTepHH, 
3a j\a 6i>ae /je(})HHHpaHa KaTO eTHHnecKa rpyna Ha MaKe/jOHCKHa Hapofl. Ta HMa 
cboh e3HK - MaKe^OHCKHaT e3HK" (Ma3HHKy 2006: 21). Oco6eHO HacToaTejmo ce 

eKCnJIHHHpa yCTOHHHBaTa KOHCTpyKHHa „MaHHHH e3HK", HHaTO ctxpaHeHOCT B 

Hy^K/jara e3HKOBa cpe/ja ro jierHTHMHpa KaTO Ba>KeH H/jeHTH(j)HKaHHOHeH MapKep 

3a eTHHHHOCT: „MaKeflOHCKHaT MaHHHH e3HK, KaTO e/JHH OT HaH-3HaHHMHTe eTHH- 

necKH 6ejie3H 3a cnaBaHO-MaKe/jOHCKHa cthhhcckh npowsxop, Ha HaccneHHeTO ot 
Tojio B-bp^o, ycneniHO ce ctxpaHaBa Ha TepnTopna, b KoaTO o6pa30BaHHeTO, a/jMH- 
HHCTpaHHaTa, HH(})opMHpaHeTO h bchhko ppyro ce npoBOK^a Ha aji6aHCKH e3HK. 
TojiaMa pona h 3acjryra 3a TOBa HMaT ^kchhtc Pe/jKH ca cjiynanTe Ha o6pa30BaHe 
Ha p,eu,a ot >kchckh non ot cejiara b rpaaoBeTe. Ocbch TOBa, b flOMa h HaBcaKB- 
fle cuefl 3aBijpniBaHeTO Ha ynHJinme ce roBopn Ha MafiHHHHa e3HK" (JlHMaHOCKH 
1992: 33-34). 

TaKHBa ca HaH-o6mo Ha6jno,geHHaTa Btpxy cbmecTByBamara HaynHa jihtc- 
paTypaTa 3a Tojio Etpao b BtJirapna h /jHeiHHara P MaKe/jOHHa. KareropHHHara 

93 



ynoTpe6a Ha eTHOHHMjrre d'bjizapu h MaKedouiju BtB BcaKa ot CTpaHHTe o6aie ce 
OKa3Ba b no-ronaMa CTeneH Teopna - Ha npaKTHKa reHepajiH3HpaHeTO Ha eTHHne- 
ckoto ^ecjjHHHpaHe Ha Ta3H rpyna e 3HaHHTejiHO no-TpyrHO. 3amoTO caMOonpeae- 
jiaHeTO b MHoro ot cnyiaHTe e aocTa Hee/nro3HaHHO, a h, KaKTO ce oica3Ba - MaHH- 
nyjinpyeMO. HanpHMep, cpe/i MiocKraMamiTe b Tojio Ep/jo ce perHCTpnpa (caMo) 
Ha30BaBaHeTO „ mypi\u " (nopa/nr ctOTHacaHeTO Ha pejiHrH03Hara npHHa/uieacHOCT 
c Ta3H Ha rocnoacTBamiia cthoc b OcMaHCKaTa HMnepna). XpncTHaHHre ca (caMo) 
Ha30BaBaHH „ Kaypu ", kocto ot cboh erpaHa OTroBapa Ha cnoMeHa 3a 6e3npaBHHa 
hm CTaTyT b cbmara .zrtpacaBa. ToBa, pa36npa ce, (jjyHKHHOHHpa caMo b paMKHTe 
Ha oGmHOcrra. Ho roaBJieHHa KaTo: „MemaHU ca dudenu cenama. Bo Cmedneeo 
e 6udeHO u mypu,u, u d'bjizapu, u JitaKedoHifii " 292 caMo noica3BaT kojiko e npo6jie- 
MaTHHHO caMOonpeflejiaHeTO Ha oGmHOcrra /rnec. ,H,HCKyTHpaHeTO Ha noHaTHeTO 
„eTHHHecKa rpyna" ctBceM He 03HanaBa, ne eTHHnecKHTe rpynn ca xoMoreHHH, Te 
MoraT fla HMaT BtTpeniHO-eTHHiecKH kohcjxjihkth (Heckmann 1992b: 58), a CJie- 
flOBaTejiHO TOBa He 03HanaBa aBTOMarHHHO, ne Tpa6Ba p,a ca HenpeMeHHO Hanbjmo 

CTHHHH B H36opa CH Ha HfleHTHHHOCT. 

IIo30BaBaHKH ce Ha Op. BapT, J\. TpnecKH pa3Cb»yiaBa Btpxy ae(j)HHHHHaTa 3a 
eTHHnecKa rpyna (/jokojikoto nop, to3h TepMHH toh noflpa36npa kojickthbhoct b 
jiOKajiHH paMKn) h CMaTa, ne rono&bpjmn OTroBapaT Ha onpe/jejieHH KpnTepnn 3a 
TaKOBa 3e(j)HHnpaHe (TpnecKH 2006: 57). MoraT 3a ce noconar pa3JiHHHH onpe/je- 
jieHna 3a eTHHnecKa rpyna, ho Hafi-oGmo Tpa6Ba 3a ce Ka»ce, ne c to3h TepMHH ce 
03HanaBar hobcihkh rpynn, kohto ca CBtp3aHH npe3 KymypHa xoMoreHHOCT, nun 
rpynn, hhhto njieHOBe HMaT o6ihh KyjiTypHH hjih connajmn Tpa/nruHH, npe/jaBaHH 
ot e^Ha reHepanna Ha flpyra (B>k. Heckmann 1992b: 56). 

Bcmhhoct, onpeflejiaHeTO Ha e/jHa rpyna HMa cmhckji caMo no OTHomeHne Ha 
flpyrn rpynn, hjih ome no-TOHHO Ka3aHO, rpynaTa CTaBa rpyna, Koraro ce pa3me>K- 
fla icaro npHTeacaBaraa o6ran xapaKTepncTHKn n o6raa ci>a6a, ho 6jiaroflapeHne Ha 
HajinnneTO Ha flpyrn rpynn b hchhoto oGKptaceHHe (Taunjjeji 1990: 173). B cny- 
naa Ha o6mHOCTra ot Tojio Etp/jo no-CKopo ce icacae 3a OTHoraeHnaTa Ha rpynaTa 
c flpyrn rpynn, ho h c HanHOHaiiHOTO mho3hhctbo b /rbpacaBara, ot KoaTO Ta e 
nacT. CaMo TaKa Ta ce pa3no3HaBa icaro pa3JiHHHa h MoraT 3a ce apTHKynnpar acHO 
npH3HaijHTe, kohto a npeBptmar b rpyna etc CBoa H/jeHTHHHOCT (3a noHaTHeTO 

HfleHTHHHOCT B>K. EpHKCbH 1996), CJieflBaroa CBOH HOpMH Ha )KHBOT, CT>3/iaBaraa 

CBoa oco6eHa KynTypa h t.h., 3HanHMO pa3JiHHaBamH ce ot o6raecTBeHO BajiH/jHaTa 
HopMHpaHOCT Ha acHBOTa, ot flOMHHHparaaTa Kyjnypa (Bac. TpeKOBa 1998: 125). 
Taxa ce (jjopMHpa h KaneKTHBHara h3Chthhhoct Ha rpynaTa, teh KaTO, cnopefl 
o6monpneTH cxBamaHHa, npe/jCTaBHre 3a H/jeHTHHHOCTTa, H3rpa,reHH Ha 6a3aTa 



292 Bo>khh Ohubokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

94 



Ha HH/niBii/ja, Morar p,a ce OTHecar h ki>m kojickthbhh hochtcjih, icbm pa3JiHHHH 
HOBeniKH o6ihhocth (ApeTOB 2001: 6-7). Ot cboh CTpaHa, eTHHnecKara H/jeHTHH- 
hoct, cnopefl hskoh H3CJieflOBaTejiH e BT>3MO>KHa caMO b rpynoB kohtckct, xe. KaTO 
rpynoBa H/jeHXHHHOCT (Perchinig 1988: 131). E/niOBpeMeHHO c TOBa hachthh- 
HOCTTa npe^CTaBJiaBa Mpe)Ka ot HfleHTHHHOCTH, xe. e MHO>KecTBeHa (no A. Cmht) 
h b CTpyKrypara ch HMa CBoa Mepapxna. B Ta3H fiepapxHHHOCT pejiHrH03HaTa h 
eTHHnecKaTa npHHa/uie>KHOCT ctoht Haichfle b ocHOBaTa h ca onpe/jejianTH (Ape- 
tob 2001 : 12). ETHOJio^KKHaT h aHTponojio^KKHaT noraefl klm HfleHTHHHOCxra HaM- 
necTO ce (hoKycHpar xbkmo Btpxy e^Ha „cpe/nia hjiockoct" - ot ccmchctboto p,o 
eTHHnecKaTa npHHafljie)KHOCT (Juhani 1988: 115). 

Ako npneivieM ohcbh/jhoto Ha nptB noraefl TBtp/jeHHe, ne eTHHHHOCxra 6h 
CJie^Bajio 3a ce ctfltp^a b eTHHnecKara hachtkhhoct (Baubock 1988: 3-5), to Teo- 

peTHHHHTe nOCTaHOBKH 3a eTHHHHOCT 293 Ca Ba>KHH, KOraTO H3CJieflOBaTeJICKH o6eKT 

e eTHHHecKa rpyna h ce o6roBapa HfleHTHHHOCxra h. He3aBHCHMO, ne ctmecT- 
ByBaT h TBtp/jeHHa, ne HCTopHnecKH-BpeMeBOTO, o6mecTBeHOTO h CHryarHBHOTO 
3HaqeHHe Ha eTHHHHOCxra e BapnarHBHO (Heckmann 1992b: 58), hjih ne cthhh- 
HOCTTa e pe3HCTeHTHa b MO/jepHOTO o6mecTBO (Baubock 1988: 10). IIo-BamioTO 
e, ne eTHHHHOCTTa KOHCTpynpa cbbmccthoct h o6ihhoct, KaTO mhoto necTO ce 
noflxpaHBa ot KOJieKTHBHHa cnoMeH 3a pa3rpaHHnaBaHe, HaTHCK h ci>npoTHBJieHHe 
(Thurner 1994: 172). 3a fla ce pa36epaT cneuH(hHHHHTe (hopMH Ha eTHHHHOCTTa, 
Bay6bOK npe/jjiara xnnoTe3H, kohto o6ane ca npe/nia3HaHeHH 3a HH/tycTpHanHOTO 
o6m,ecTBo: cpep, Tax e TBtp/jeHHeTO, ne b KanHTajiHCTHHecKHa CBaT eTHHnecKOTO 
Cb3HaHHe TeHfleHiiH03HO ce pcgyunpa ot ci>3HaHHeTO 3a jioicajiHa hjih pernoHajiHa 

HfleHTHHHOCT HJIH He nOJIHTHHeCKOTO M06HJIH3HpaHe Hpe3 HaHHOHajIH3T>M H3KOpe- 

HaBa eTHHHHOCTTa ot onpeflejieHH hhhih Ha o6m,ecTBOTO (Baubock 1988: 11). 

BCHHKO TOBa HaCOHBa KtM BtnpOCHTe 3a MO/jepHOTO 3HaneHHe Ha eTHHHHOCTTa 

h 3a 3ana3BaHeTo/B'B3HHKBaHeTO Ha eTHHnecKHTe MajiHHHCTBa b npoueca Ha yr- 
Btp^KflaBaHe Ha HauHOHajiHHre fltp^KaBH. A. Cmht /jechHHHpa mecT aTpnGyra Ha 
eTHHnecKara o6ihhoct (hjih ethnie, axo ce H3noji3Ba (hpeHCKHaT TepMHH) - KOJieic- 
thbho co6cTBeHO HMe; mht 3a o6hj,h npa/ie/ni; cno,gejieHH hctophhcckh cnoMeffli; 
e^HH hjih noBene otjihhhtcjihh ejieMenra Ha o6m,a Kyjiiypa; o6Bi>p3aHOCT c onpe- 
flejieHO „OTeHecTBo"; nyBCTBO 3a cojiH^apHOCT, oGxBamauio 3HanHTejiHH cerMeHTH 
ot HacejiefflieTO (Cmht 2000: 35). Cnope/i XeKMaH, cthkhcckh xeTeporeHHHTe 
rpynn, HacejiaBamn e/jHa TepnTopna, ce npeBptmaT nocTeneHHO b cthkhcckh ot- 



293 Cnopeji hakoh aBTopn (ro 80-Te tojihhh Ha 20 b.), cbinecTByBa pa3JiHKa b ci>Jii>p>Ka- 
HHeTO Ha noHflraeTO Ethnicity u. Ethnizitat, T.e. ne b aHrjioe3HHHOTO h b HeMCKoe3HHHOTO 
npocTpaHCTBO noHjrrneTO HMa pa3JiHHHa ceManrnKa. Ethhhcckoto caMOonpejiejiHHe, pa3- 
rpaHH^aBaHeTO ot qyayinre rpynn Moace Ra. ce HHrepnpeTnpa no pa3JinHeH Ha^HH h e b 
ocHOBaTa Ha pa3JiHHHH KOHuennHH (B>k. Tselikas 1986: 47 n uht. jiht.) 

95 



HOCHTenHO xoMoreHHO HaceneHHe, xe. o6pa3yBaHeTO Ha HaHHOHajiHHre p^pmaBw 
e pe3yjiTaT ot eTHHHecKH o6e/niHHTejiHHTe npoiiecn, 6ejia3aHO e ot eflHOBpeMeH- 
HOCTTa h 3aBHCHMOCTTa Ha /nicbepeHHHpaHe h o6e/iHHaBaHe, a TBtp/jemiaTa 3a 
TexHHa H3HaqajieH npowsxop, h ctmecTByBaHe ca nacT ot MHTOo6pa3yBaHeTO Ha 
HaHHOHajiH3Ma (Heckmann 1992b: 59, 65). Cmht OTKpoaBa /jBa bi>3mo}khh BH/ja 
eTHHnecKH o6hj,hocth - „jiarepajiHH" (cTpaHHHHn), npn kohto ycemaHeTO 3a o6m- 

HOCT e CBT>p3aHO CbC CbCJIOBHHa JXyX H npH KOHTO JIHnCBa COHHajIHa /TbJl60HHHa, 
H „BepTHKajIHH", KOHTO Ca nO-KOMnaKTHH H „nO-HapOflHH" - npH T5IX COHHajIHOTO 

pa3flejieHHe He e no/jKpeneHO ot KyniypHH pa3JiHHHa, HanpoTHB - xapaKrepHara 
HCTopHnecKa KyjiTypa cnoMara o6e/jHHaBaHeTO Ha pa3JiHHHHre KJiacH okojio 06- 
ihoto HacjieflCTBO h Tpa^HHHHTe, oco6eHO Koraro cbmecTByBa BtHiHHa 3annaxa. 
CTaBa jxyMa o6ane no-CKopo 3a hctophhcckh h coHHajimi npoHecn, otkojikoto 3a 
(JMKCiipaHH THnoBe (Cmht 2000: 74-77). 

HaunaTa MO^ce aa ce /jecbHHHpa Karo HaHMeHOBaHO Hacejiefflie, kocto cnoaejia 
o6m,a HCTopHnecKa TepHTopna, o6ihh mhtobc h hctophhcckh cnoMeHH, MacoBH 
ny6jiHHHH KyjiTypH, o6nia HKOHOMHKa h o6ihh iopH/niHecKH npaBa h 3a/rbJi>KeHHa 
Ha bchhkh HJieHOBe (Cmht 2000: 27). Ot flpyra CTpaHa, eTHHnecKOTO noHaTHe 3a 
HauHa a /lecbHHHpa KaTO Hapoa etc „co6cTBeHa" fltp^KaBa (Heckmann 1992b: 66). 
ToraBa 3amo ce Ha6jnoaaBar cjiynan Ha HeTOJiepaHTHOCT Ha HaHHOHajiHH ^tp^KaBH 

KbM eTHHHeCKH MajHIHHCTBa? EflHH OT Bt3MOaCHHTe OTrOBOpH e, He HaHHOHajIHHTe 

fltp>KaBH Bi>3npHeMaT eTHHHecKHTe MajIHHHCTBa KaTO npo6jieM, KaTO 3anjiaxa 3a 
H/jeaTa 3a eTHHHecKH e/jHHHa fltp^aBa, npo6jieM, kohto Moace aa ce pa3peniH npe3 
acHMHJinpaHe h/hjih npe3 kohtpoji (Heckmann 1992b: 69). ToBa ot CBoa CTpa- 
Ha OTnpama kbm BMipoca - KaK ce /lecbHHHpa MajiHHHCTBOTO, pecn. eTHHHecKOTO 
MajmiiHCTBO. 06iHOBajiH/iHa h yHHBepcajiHa /lecbHHHHHa 3a MajmiiHCTBO e Tpy/jHO 
aa ce flaae, o6hkhobcho /jecbHHHpaHeTO e b onpeaejieH kohtckct hjih e onepaHH- 
OHajiH3npaHO 3a onpeaejieHa hoi (one noBene, ne /jecbHHHpaHeTO h Ha noHaTHeTO 
mho3hhctboto He e no-MajiKO npo6jieMaTHHHO, a mhoto necTO xbkmo MajiHHH- 
ctboto o6ycjiaBa 6hthcto Ha mho3hhctboto). 

noHaTHeTO 3a MajiHHHCTBO ce noaBaBa b Kpaa Ha 19 b. h ci>/rhp>Ka neHoparHB- 

HOCT B KBaHTHTaTHBCH aCneKT, T. e. B KOJIHHeCTBeHOTO CbOTHOUieHHe Ha MajiHHH- 
CTBOTO kbm mho3hhctboto (Kraas- Schneider 1989: 46-47). 3a pa3JiHKa ot /nicicy- 
CHHTe ot 20-30-Te ro/iHHH Ha 20 b., /niec noHaTHeTO ce ynoTpe6aBa mhoto noBene 
c KanecTBeHa (KBajiHTeTHa) /jecbHHHHHa (Perchinig 1988: 136), KaKTO h no-necTO b 
nojiHTHnecKH, otkojikoto b coHHOJiorHHeH flHCKypc (Baubock 1988: 14). B onHTH- 
Te 3a flecbnHHpaHe Ha MajiHHHCTBOTO flOMHHHpauiH ca pa3JiHHHH 6ejie3H - to MO>Ke 
fla e pacoBa, KymypHa, pejinrH03Ha hjih HaHHOHajiHa rpyna, KoaTO HMa o6ihh ct>- 
ihhocthh 6ejie3H (kohto a npaBaT rpyna). KaKTO o6o6maBa Kpaac-IIlHaH/iep - 

e^HO MajIHHHCTBO HMa HJIH OC06eHH eTHHHeCKH, peJIHrH03HH, KyjITypHH, C3HKOBH, 

96 



HCTOpHHeCKH, Tpa/niiniOHHH, paCOBH, nepCOHajIHH, HailHOHajIHH, KaKTO h 6ejie3H 

Ha npoH3xofla, hjih KOM6HHanna ot 6ejie3H, b otjihhhc ot ocTaHanHTe HJieHOBe Ha 
ci>moTO o6mecTBO (Kraas- Schneider 1989: 49). 

ToBa, KoeTO e Ba>KHO 3a HacToamna tckct, ca 6ejie3Hre Ha eTHHnecKara rpyna, 
pa3rae)KflaHa KaTO MajIHHHCTBO b paMKHTe Ha e/nia /rtp^KaBHa CHCTeMa. 

B coHHOJiornaTa necTO HMa noHaTHHHa /inxoTOMHa, kohto 03HanaBa MajmnH- 
CTBara KaTO eTHnnecKH, 3a p,& rn pa3JiHiH ot HaHHOHajiHHTe (Baubock 1988: 16). 

BCMHHOCT, npo6neWbT 3a „eTHHHeCKO" H „HanHOHajIHO" MajinHHCTBO H3HCKBa 

co6cTBeHO H3CJieflBaHe. TyK caMO me OT6ejie>Ka, ne TOBa pa3MHHaBaHe ce noaBaBa 
cnea ritpBaTa CBeTOBHa BOHHa, KoraTO hskoh ot HanHOHajiHnre rpaHHHH ce pa3- 
MHHaBaT c eTHHHecKHTe. „HaHHOHajiHO MajinHHCTBO" HaMa acHa /jecJHTHHnHa b eB- 
poneHCKH KOHTeKCT h He cbinecTByBa KOHcecyc othocho TbJiicyBaHeTO Ha TepMH- 
Ha. B pa3JiHHHH npenoptKH Ha CtBeTa Ha EBpona h Ha EBponeficKHa iiapjiaMenr 

Ca MapKHpaHH pa3JIHHHH 6eJie3H, KOHTO fle(j)HHHpaT HanilOHajIHOTO MajIHHHCTBO, 

ho Te He ce e/nimm h yTBtp/jeHH. B EtJirapna HaMa Jieraima ^ecbHHHHHa Ha Tep- 
MHHa, koato 3a e cbo6pa3eHa c 6i>JirapcKOTO npaBO. 

H Taica, eTHHnecKO MajinHHCTBO jih e GtJirapcKara o6ihhoct ot Eojio Etp/jo? 
Ha to3h Btnpoc KaTeropHHHO MO>Ke /ia ce OTroBopn yTBtp/jHTejiHO. Ako „Man- 
Hhhctbo" HacoHBa KbM oGiuhoct, KoaTO HMa CBOfl HfleHTHHHOCT h ce OTipaHHiaBa 
ot rojiaMara connajiHa CTpyicrypa Ha /ji>p>KaBaTa, ti>h KaTO e/jBa jih e npaBOMepHO 
fla ce roBopn 3a MannHHCTBa TaM, Kt/reTO noflo6Ha CTpyKTypa OTCtCTBa (ApeTOB 
2001: 9), to etc cnrypHOCT rojioOtp/niH ca MajniHHCTBO b Peny6jiHKa AjiGamia. 
MajIHHHCTBO ca, tbh KaTO npHTOKaBar co6ctbcho nyBCTBO 3a o6ihhoct. HancTH- 
Ha, b CBOfl CTaTyc Te ce jjecjjHHHpaT npe3 flOMHHHpamara aji6aHCica HaHHOHajiHOCT 
(koato e h TaxHa HaHHOHajiHOCT), ho cbineBpeMeHHO npHTOKaBar eTHnnecKO pa3- 
jihhho caMOCi>3HaHHe, npn Tax aKTHBHO pa6oTHT MexaHH3MH 3a ctxpaHaBaHe Ha 
/rpyrocrra h 3a OTrpaHnnaBaHe ot mho3hhctboto hjih ot /rpyrHTe no/io6HH no Tnn 
rpynn b aji6aHCKOTO o6m,ecTBO. 

OcbnHHajiHaTa CTaTHCTHKa b AjiGamia e Ha npaKTHKa ^ocTa HeacHa, KaKTO h J\. 
TpnecKH OT6ejia3Ba, h Tpy/iHO MO>Ke /ja ce npneMe 3a BapHa, ti>h KaTO cnep, Bto- 
paTa CBeTOBHa BOHHa npn npe6poaBaHe h omiCBaHe Ha HacejieHneTO He ce .oaBa 
bi>3mo)khoct 3a eTHHHecKO caMOonpe/jejiaHe. H /niec Me/niHTe ci>o6inaBaT pa3JiHH- 
hh nponeHTH 3a raiBeeinn b Aji6aHHa aji6aHnH, MaKe/jOHnn, 6i>JirapH, Typnn h 

T.H., HO BCHHKO TOBa flOCTa HeCTO o6cJiy>KBa HdHH fltp^KaBHH H/HJIH nOJIHTHHeCKH 

HHTepecn (B)K. TpnecKH 2006: 56). Cnopefl flaHHH ot ocjjnriHajiHOTO npe6poaBaHe 
npe3 2001 r., b eTHnnecKHa ctCTaB Ha HacejieHneTO nona^aT 95 % aji6amjH, 3 
% rtpnH h 2 % flpyrn (BJiacn, pomh, ctpGn, nepHoropnn, MaKe/jOffliH, GtJirapn). 
Te3H nncbpn o6ane ca cnopmi, ti>h KaTO, enopeg T. MaHrajiaKOBa, b aHKeTHHTe 
KapTH, noHBJiBaHH ot npe6poHTejiHTe, He npncbCTBa rpacba 3a pejinrna, e3HK h Ha- 

97 



iIHOHajma npiiHa/jjiOKHOCT (MaHrajiaKOBa 2004: 286-287). IIo KOHCTHiyHHa npn- 
3HaBaHeTO Ha ManHHHCTBO b P AjiGamia ce Jierajironpa c /jBycTpaHHH MOK^yHa- 
poflHH /joroBopii, a TaKtB floroBop Meacfly TiipaHa h Cocj)Ha He e no/nniCBaH. Ki>m 
MOMeHTa caMO b e/niH jiOKyMeHT Ha Mhhhctcpctboto Ha HKOHOMHKara Ha Aji6a- 
hhh ot 2003 r., CBtp3aH c /jefiHOCTTa Ha pa6oTHa Maca no IlaKTa 3a eraGHJiHOCT, e 
cnoivieHaTO, ne b AjiGamia HMa 6tJirapcKO ManHHHCTBO. 3a CMeTica Ha TOBa o6ane, 
HMa npH3HaTO "MaKeflOHCKo" MajiHHHCTBO, KOHHeHTpHpaHO ochobho b oGjiacrra 
Majia Ilpecna. >Icho e, ne EtJirapna h jTHeumaTa P MaKeaofflia HMaT pa3JiHHHa 
KOHHemiHa KaKTO 3a eTHHHecKara npHHa/uie>KHOCT, Taica h 3a HHCJieHOCTra Ha Ha- 
cejieHneTO b Tojio 6tpflO (h b Ilpecna), ho e (jjaicr h ne b jrbp^aBHara 6i>JirapcKa 
nojiHTHKa cjiefl 1989 r. ce H36arBar KareropHHHHTe /jeKJiapaHHH 3a nojio^KeHneTO 
Ha 6tJirapcKO MannHHCTBO b Aji6aHHa (MaHrajiaKOBa 2004: 288, 292). Taica hjih 
HHane, o6inHOCTTa ot Tojio 6tpflO e Ha30BaBaHa d'bJizapcKa b HayHHara jiHrepary- 
pa, b ny6jiHHHOTO npocTpaHCTBO n b Me/niHre b EtJirapna, pecn. MaKedoHCKa b P 
MaiceflOHHa. 

OneBH^HO e, ne eTHHnecKara H/jeHTHHHOCT Ha 6tJirapnTe ot Tojio Etpjip e npo- 
6jieMaTHHHa, oco6eHO b no-HOBO BpeMe, n tbkmo nopa/ni Ta3n npHHHHa e o6eicr 
Ha Ha6jnofleHHe n pa3Ci>>K/ieHHa b Ta3H nacT Ha TeKCTa. Ilo-rope 6e cnoMeHaTa 
eflH03HanHOCTTa b HnrepnpeTHpaHeTO Ha eTHHnecKara jie(|)HHHHHa (n b HayieH, 
h b ny6jiHneH KonreiccT) y Hac h b P MaKe^OHHa. Bee naK o6ane, b jiHTeparypara 
n ot flBeTe CTpaHH Ha MecTa ce npoKpa/jBar (hjih flopn 3aaBaBar) KOJie6aHHaTa b 
eTHHnecKOTO caMOonpe/jejiaHe Ha rojioGtpflnn. OnnTHTe 3a KOHCTpynpaHe Ha eT- 
HHnecKa H/jeHTHHHOCT y HacejiefflieTO b Tojio Etp/jo MoraT p,a ce OTHecaT kbm cpe- 
/jara h Kpaa Ha 19b., Kaicro n b HananoTO Ha 20 b. h icbm noaBara Ha HannoHajiHHTe 
fltp^KaBH Ha EajncaHHTe (MHoro necTO e HanHHe Jinnca Ha ctOTBeTCTBHe Meayjy 
fltp^KaBa n Hanna n TOBa ce HjnocTpnpa ot HajinnneTO Ha mhtokcctbo „MHoroHa- 
nnoHajiHH" fltp^KaBH /niec (Cmht 2000: 27). 

J\. TpnecKH OT6ejia3Ba, ne rojio6i>p/iCKaTa o6ihhoct MHoro necTO e 6njia n e 
o6eKT Ha nojiHTHKHTe Ha pa3JiHHHH 6ajncaHCKHTe fltpacaBn, a H3CJie/iBaHHaTa 3a 
Hea h HacenaBaHaTa ot Hea Tepnropna Han-necTO ca npncTpacTHn h c TeH/jeHHHO- 
3eH xapaKTep, KaTO nejiTa e eTHHHecKara rpyna Jia ce npe/jCTaBH KaTO nacT ot e/nia 
hjih apyra 6ajiKaHCKa Hanna. Cnope/i to3h aBTop, Han-Ba^KHa pojia b nocjie^HHTe 
100-150 roflHHH HMa TypcicaTa, cptGcKara, GtJirapcKara h aji6aHCKaTa nponaraH- 
3a. Tpa6Ba o6aqe /ja ce aicneHTHpa Btpxy TBtp/jeHHeTO Ha TpnecKH, ie „b nocne/i- 
ho BpeMe c He3aBHCHMOCTTTa Ha MaKeflOHCKaTa /p>p>KaBa, b onpe/jejieHa CTeneH 
HMa h HefiHO BJinaHHe Btpxy Te3H TepHTopHH" (TpnecKH 2006: 58). MaKeaoHCKH- 
aT eTHOJior OTHHTa npoMeHJiHBHa xapaKTep h /jHBepreHTHOCTra Ha H/jeHTHiHOCTra 
KaTO pe3yjrrar npe/jH bchhko Ha hctophhcckoto MHHajio, ho h Ha ctBpeMeHHHTe 
MexaHH3MH 3a HanaraHe Ha BJinaHHa ot MO^epHHTe fltp^aBH ot pernoHa, h He 

98 



CKpHBa npeTemiHHTe Ha e/jHa ot Hafi-HOBirre ^tp^KaBH Ha „6ajiKaHCKara CHeHa" 
- P MaKe^OHHa ki>m oGmHOcrra ot Tojio Btp^o. Ton oGptina BHHMaHHe h Ha jxa- 
(JjepeHHHpaHOCTTa h cahhctboto Ha eTHHHecKara rpyna b MHHajiOTO, kohto flHec 
aajien He ca Taica yctohhhbh, kocto cmho e npHHHHa 3a „cnyHBaHeTo" Ha pa3JiHH- 
hh eTHHHecKH HfleHTHHHOCTH, kohto ca b npoTHBopenHe noMOK^y ch (TpnecKH 
2006: 58). B 3aianoHeHHe JJ,. TpnecKH o6o6maBa, ne 3a o6iHHOCTTa ot Tojio Btpao 
He e acHO Koa eTHHnecKa H/jeHTHHHOCT e /jOMHHaHTHa, ho KaTO ce HMar npeflBH^ 
flHeuiHaTa ^HHaMHKa h hojihthhcckh yanoBHa, KaKTO h npHHa/uiOKHOCTra kim 
an6aHCKara /p>p>KaBa, aji6aHCKOTO rpa^K/jaHCTBO HMa Hafi-cepH03HH roraeflH pa 
Haaaejiee. Mhoto e BepoaTHO Ta3H nporH03a 3a ce OKa^Ke BapHa, Maicap h c yroH- 
HeHneTO, ne npoyHBamiaTa ot HanajiOTO Ha 21 b. noKa3BaT, ne rojioGtpflHH ce 3aa- 
BaBaT no-necTO KaTO Gturapn. 



TeopeTHHHHTe TBtp/jeHHa no OTHoraeHne Ha eTHHHecKara H/jeHTHHHOCT b Tojio 
B-bpflo (H3ica3aHH ot aBTopn h b EtJirapna, h b P MaKe/jOHHa) ca H3Be/jeHH bt>3 
ocHOBa Ha npoyHBafflia b pernoHa, ho bcsko TaicoBa npoyHBaHe o6xBama pa3JiHH- 
hh HaceneHH MecTa h pa3JiHHHH coHHajiHH, Bi»3pacTOBH, pejinrH03HH h np. rpynn. 
Rbm MOMeHTa HaMa uajiocTHO H3CJieflBaHe Ha oGmHOcrra c pa6oTa bt>b bchhkh 
cejiHina Ha pernoHa, KaKTO h cpefl MHrpaHTHTe b rpaaoBeTe - TnpaHa, Eji6acaH, 
^ypac h pp. CtmeBpeMeHHO, 3anncHTe OTpa3aBaT pa3JiHHHaTa Hamaca Ha mccthh- 
Te xopa klm H3CJieflOBaTejiHTe, KaKTO h Ha H3one/iOBaTejiHTe kbm o6mHOCTTa (KaTO 
Ha.no) h kbm BceKH ocBeflOMHTeji nooT^ejiHO. 3aroBa h hhto e/jHa ot rnepHine 
tohkh h Ha 6"bJirapcKHTe, h Ha MaiceaoHCKHTe aBTopn He MTOKe pa. &bpe npneTa 
3a HantJiHO o6eKTHBHa. B cne/jBamHTe CTpaHHHH ce npe/jjiara HHTepnpeTaHHa Ha 
to3h npo6jieM, npn KoaTO HayHHaTa KopeKTHOCT kbm 3anncaHHa MarepHan h no3H- 
HHHre Ha CT>6eceflHHHHTe H3HCKBaT o6eKTHBHOTO pa3rae)KflaHe Ha Henna cneRTtp 
ot bt>3mo)khh HioaHCH b caM03aaBaBaHeTO h caMOonpcgejiaHeTO. 

H tbh KaTO me 6tflaT cna3BaHH ctphktho npaBHJiara Ha HayHHaTa o6ckthb- 
hoct, b HananoTO Tpa6Ba 3a 6tfle nocTaBeHa acHO 3aaBeHara 6tJirapcKa H/jeHTHH- 
hoct - apTHKynnpaHa npe3 nporoxo/ja h e3HKa, Kara oco6eHO ycTOHHHBa no3HHHa 
Ha onpeacneHa nacT ot npeacTaBHrejiHTe Ha H3ane/niaHaTa rpyna. 

„A r o neino OTJinnaBa eTHHHHOcrra ot ppyvwiQ kojickthbhh h3Chthhhocth, 
TOBa e HefiHaTa opneHTaHHa kt>m MHHajiOTO" (TaHeBa-PaHHeBa 2004: 104). Ta3H 
mhcbji 6h Moraa pa 6i>pe npofltJDKeHa c TBtp^eHHeTO, ne opneHTaHHaTa kbm mh- 

HajIOTO MO)Ke KOHKpeTHO pa Ce H3pa3H B 3HaHHa HJIH npe^CTaBH 3a npOH3XOfl, koh- 
to necTO e MHTonorH3HpaH b KOJieKTHBHaTa naMex HeMajiKa nacT ot ^khtcjihtc Ha 
Tojio E^ppo ce 3aaBaBar KaTeropHHHO KaTO Gtnrapn, MOTHBHpafiKH TOBa caMOonpe- 
penziie tbkmo npe3 GuirapcKHa ch npowsxop: „Hamemo nomevuio, Ka3ea mou, e 

99 



dyzapcKo nucmo, Hauieno nomeKjio om ifejiaea odujuna Tojio E-bpdo, mou, euKam, e 
dyzapcKo, mana e Ka3eano om cmapume. " 194 Mo/jejitT Ha miBeeHe b OTHOCirrejiHa 
roojiauHa, kohto e BajiH^eH 3a rono&bpjmn (h e reorpacpCKH npe/niocTaBeH, ho He 
caMo), e ctfleHCTBaji b rojiaMa CTeneH 3a ctxpaHeHOCT Ha eTHHnecKOTO cb3HaHHe 
b cpaBHHTejiHO ycTOHHHB BHfl (TOBa Ba>KH oco6eHO 3a nepnofla npe/jH 1991 r.). 3a- 
TBopeHHTe eTHHnecKH o6ihhocth o6pa3yBaT h pa3BHBar CBoeo6pa3eH eTHHnecKH 
„aHKJiaB" nopajiH H30JiaHHaTa ot Hy)KiiOTO o6Kpi>)KeHHe h npoTHBOcroeHeTO hm 

Cpemy Bt3MO)KHH 06m,eCTBeHH H KyjITypHH BJIHaHHa. CjieflCTBHaTa OT TC3H otho- 

uieHHa ce OTpa3aBar h b ctCToaHHeTO Ha TpajjHHHOHHaTa Kyniypa, b t. h. h My3H- 
KajiHaTa KyiiTypa - b H30JiaHHaTa MajiHHHCTBeHHaT eTHHKyM 3ana3Ba cneHHcJjHHHH 
cthjiobh eneMeHTH, kohto b po/niHara-MaHKa Bene ca H3ry6eHH (Horakova 1996: 
201-202). Bt3MO)KHOCTHTe 3a ctOTHacaHe MH03UHcmeo - MOJiuuucmeo npeftnarar 
jjBe nojHOCHH no3HHHH: acHMHJinpaHe h reTOH3HpaHe. H /HieTe icpnaT onacHOCT ot 
npocTO (j)yH3aMeHTajiH3HpaHe Ha H/jeHTHHHOCTra (Pelinka 1998: 44). 

B cnynaa Ha o6iHHOCTra ot Tojio Etp/jo no-CKopo ce Kacae 3a eerecTBeHO re- 
TOH3npaHe, KoeTO o6ane e npHHHHa 3a aKTHBHaTa naMeT 3a eTHHnecKHa npoH3- 
xofl. Bpt3Kara Ha oGmHOcrra c EtJirapna ce npenoTBtp^KflaBa b pejiHHa HapaTH- 
bh: „HMauie e name ceno otcenu, ujo ce Komea, Kjiemea Koza ce Konne - )Ku mu 
rocnod (... ) Oeue napod zojio6i>pdcKu UMam eejieno MaiiKa Eyzapun! Hyejiu ca 
om cmapu - )Ku mu MaiiKa Eyjizapun 295 (...) TaM padomam natuu ntodu, ommaMo 
otcueuMe nue... " 296 hjih ,,/Jememo om xajia mu mom, Jienn, Koza usnese paduomo ua 
m>peo paduomo, zy nyuiauie eo Eyzapun, nyutauie da ce nye eo ceemo ceno - A 
6pe neum MaiiKa Eyzapunl " 291 IIpHno3HaBaHeTO Ha EtJirapna icaro po/niHa-MafiKa 
Mo6HJiH3Hpa MexaHH3MHTe Ha eTHHHecKara H^eHTKHHOCT HMeHHO npe3 MapicepHTe 
Ha npoH3xo/ja. Ohcbh/hio e, ne TOBa 3HaHHe b KOJieKTHBHara HCTopHnecKa naMeT e 
nacT ot HHCTpyMeHTapnyMa Ha caMOHJieHTH(})HKaHHaTa. 

npneMa ce, ne e/nia rpyna e CBi>p3aHa c KOHKpeTeH pernoH, axo HacejraBa cbot- 
BeTHaTa TepnTopna Hafi-MajiKO Tpn noKOJieHHa. TpajjHiiiiOHHOTO 3Hamie 3a npoii3- 
xofl Ha o6iHHOCTTa ot Tojio Btp^o ce H3pa3aBa h b npeflCTaBara 3a „aBTOXTOHHOCT" 
(cnopefl e^Ha ot Bi>3MO>KHHTe THnojiorHH Ha MajiHHHCTBaTa, b)k. Hemetek 2001: 
24), KoaTO othobo e CBi>p3aHa c 6i>JirapcKHa nporoxo/j. J\opw Hemo noBeie, cpaB- 



294 Ca6pn Mypara, 17.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

295 „}Khb mh Tocnoji", „>KHBa mh MaMica" h /niec ca yctohhhbh KpaTKH cjiOBecHH (JiopMH 
b ziHeuiHaTa P MaKejjOHHa (3a 3aKJieBaHe). B cjiynaa HHTepecHOTO e, He b cbneTaHHeTO 
npncbCTBa HMeHHO Etjirapna. 

296 BaMpaM By3HOB, 17.06.2007, c. CTe6jieBO. 

297 KflMHJia HayuiH, p. 1950 r. b c. CTe6jieBO, o6p. cpe/nio cneiniajiHO, pa6oTHJia b ^eTCKa 
rpajjHHa, 6K)(J)eT, nacTHO, ot 1998 r. >KHBee b TnpaHa; rp. TnpaHa, 30.03.2008, 3an. B. 
ToH^eBa. 

100 



HeimeTO c 6tJirapcKHTe oGiuhocth h3bt>h EtJirapna, kohto o6ane ca pesyjrrar ot 
MHrpaiiHOHHH flBH^KeHHa, 3aTBi>p}K3aBa „aBTOXTOHHaTa" Bpt3Ka Ha rpynaTa c Mac- 
toto: „Hue CMe cneijuanbHU om 6ymapuee nadeop, iqo otcueenm, cnetfucpuHHU. Ce 
dpyzume ce dudenu u om Eymapun ca usdezanu, UMaem omeopeno, ce nanpaenu 
MJibozy, MJibozy ce nosunaem, KypceMue mye podenu, mye OKueenu, mye pacmanu, 
mye... cee, cee, mye.,, u da so dopotcuui uosukob, moMaHMu e cnei{u<puHHume, cade 
mojibKy mpedaem da noMazaem, da ce 6nuotcem. " 29S 

3a pa3no3HaBaHeTO icaro rpyna, CBtp3aHa c e^HO npocTpaHCTBO, ca Bamm B3a- 
HMOfleficTBHHTa c KOHTHHiOHTeTa Ha ppyrine, ho 3a KOHCTpynpaHeTO Ha co6ctbc- 
Hara rpynoBa nflenraHHOCT e ome no-Ba^KHO Bt3npneMaHeTO Ha CBoaTa e/niHHoer, 

eflHOBpeMeHHOCT H KOHTHHIOHTeT BtB BpeMCTO (B)K. Fuchs 1996: 67). BcblHHOCT, 

npn onHTHTe 3a H3acHaBaHe Ha noHaTHeTO „MajinHHCTBo" Tpa6Ba #a ce otGcjiokh, 
ne HMeHHO rpynn icaro o6inHOCTra ot Tojio Etp/jo, npn kohto e ocmhcjicho caMO- 
flecj)HHHpaHeTO hjih ^ecjjHHHpaHeTO Ha ny^KflOTO (b othochtcjiho no-paHeH eTan), 
MoraT fla ce pa3rae>K/iaT KaTO MajrnnHCTBa. 

ETHHHecKara Bpi>3Ka c E-bJirapna ce npenynBa npe3 npn3MaTa Ha HeaceH h o6eK- 
THBH3npaH npoHHT Ha HCTopnaTa, b kohto o6ane npnctCTBa BtJirapna: „Eyzapun 
e 6udena mpu nomu myvia. Tlocne Ci>p6uH n usmepa. (...) Ce ocmanamu namu 
jiwdu myna cmapu. Hmavia ocmanaejue Mue. " 2 " Ho Bee naK e (jjaKT, ne b MO/jcna, 
npe3 kohto ce o6acHaBa raiBeeHeTO Ha o6mHOCTTa Ha „CBoaTa" TepnTopna, CTaBa 
3yMa 3a „0CTaBaHe" Ha 6tJirapHTe b po/jhoto ch npocTpaHCTBO. 

npo6jieMT>T e b TOBa, ne Ha EajiKaHHTe ctmecTByBaT /jocTa h pa3JiHHHH hh- 
TepnpeTaHHH Ha cthh h cbuih hctophhcckh c^Ghtha, kocto e TeMa Ha flpyra 
/niCKycna. HMeHHO h no Ta3H npHHHHa TpygHO MO>Ke /ja ce npneMe TBtp/jeHneTO 
Ha A. CBeTHeBa, ne ynoTpe6ara b HCTopHHecKnre HaTapaTHBH ot Tojio Btp^o Ha 
noHaTHa KaTO „ cp'bdcKo, d'bJizapcKo, 3ozoeo ujiu Emepoeo " BpeMe HaMaT /jnpeKT- 
Ha Bpt3Ka c peajiHOTO 3HaneHne, a no-CKopo ca „HapofleH" HannH 3a 03HanaBaHe 

Ha HCTOpHHeCKH nepHOflH, CBT>p3aHH C apKH CJiyHKH, Cb6HTHa, JIHHHOCTH, flaTH H 

t.h. (CBeTHeBa 2006: 17). HanpHMep, C. MapKy ot xpncTHaHCKOTO ceno BopMHHa 
TBtpflH, ne HbpKBara 300 „Cb. TeoprH" e „ 6-biizapcKa ", tt>h KaTO e CTpoeHa b „ 6hM- 
zapcKo epeMe". BepoaTHO nocTpoaBaHeTO h mo^kc /ja ce /jarapa okojio cpe/jara Ha 
19 b., a no TOBa BpeMe Aji6aHna e nacT ot OcMaHCKara HMnepna. TaKHBa npnMepn 
Ha npaKTHKa nocTaBaT nofl ctMHeHne TBtp/jeHHeTO Ha A. CBeTHeBa. 

Hapefl c npoH3xo/ja h HCTopnaTa, ochobch (jjaKrop 3a H/ieHTH(})HHHpaHe Ha 
rpynaTa KaTO eTHnnecKa, ho h 6ejier, kohto no Hafi-KaTeropHHeH HanHH (jjopMHpa 



298 Ca^eTe IlHpyiiiH, 10.06.2008, rp. Cocjma. 

299 Ca6pn Mypara, 05.06.2008, c. Gre6jieBO. 

300 rioBene 3a i;i>pKBHTe b peniOHa b>k. H6paxHMH 2006. 

101 



qyBCTBOTO 3a npiiHa/jjiOKHOCT kt>m Hea, etc cnrypHOCT e e3HKBT. 301 3aaBaBaHeT0 
Ha e3HKa KaTO GtJirapcKn b hskoh ot cnynanTe e no^KpeneHO ot no3HaHHa 3a hc- 
TopnaTa, Kaicro h e ohcbhjiho OTDK/jecTBaBaHeTO Ha e3Hica c eTHHnecKOTO ae(j)H- 
HnpaHe: „... nocne da sdopeaui 6-bJizapcKu, 6-bJizapu hu euKae, E-bjizapu, na u majuo 
no padomume, ujo 6ee n - dynzap! E-bmapu, na hu nocMeeae - cme 6-bJizapu, na 
ne MootceM da 6udeM ajidanuu Hue, 3aujo Ajidanun unnda u deeemcmomuH u dea- 
naucmama zoduna ce omeopu, do moza Hejuauie... Typuun 6eute do moza, mypcKu 
36opean, Kejuanu Kpena snaMemo majuo eo Bjibopa u om moza saeadux uiKona, 
andancKu uiKona, u\o ce nanpau KOHuenancKo... nocne ce omeopu uikojio, na majuo 
eo Kjienbe, eo Cmedneeo, eo Tpeduuja, ne snaen, Koza odea na uikojio deuama 
Manu, sdopean 6-bJizapcKu. " 302 

B flHCKycHHTe 3a nanHTHKara 3a MajiHHHCTBara ce OT/jejia Hafi-rojiaMO BHHMa- 
Hne Ha e3HKOBHa KpnrepHH. Kt>m e3Hica ctmo MoraT jya. ce npHJicoKar KOHHenHHHTe 
Ha flBara Kpainm noflxo/ja - ot e/jHa CTpaHa, MexaHH3MHTe Ha npoTHHamara „acn- 
MHJiaHHa", a ot apyra - 3aflanaTa 3a ycTOHHHBa caMOH/jeHTH(})HKaHHa, yTBtp^K- 
aaBama e3HKa Ha rpynaTa hjih MajiHHHCTBOTO. (Perchinig 1988: 134). E3hki>t Ha 
rojioGtpflHH, ^ecjjHHHpaH ot HeMajnca nacT ot Tax icaro 6tJirapcKH, e npoTHBonoc- 
TaBaH no CBoeo6pa3eH HanHH Ha ocjjHHHajiHHa aji6aHCKH (HapHnaH b o6m,HOCTTa 
„apHaymcKu"), kohto ce HaynaBa e/jBa b ynHJiHme. Bt>b Bt3pacTTa npe/jH TOBa 
e/jHHCTBeHHaT, kohto ce roBopn, e MaHHHHHaT: „ Cmapume namu, 6a6o ne 3naeuie 
apnaymcKu, ca/ao dyzapcKu, Hue nauiKOJio naynueMe apnaymcKu, ue3HaeeMe... " 303 
Bo)khh OhjhjOkh ot c. KneHbe HanpHMep HaynaBa aji6aHCKH e/jBa Ha 16-roflHiHHa 
Bt3pacT, KoraTO e napTH3aHHH (npe/jH TOBa acHBee b JlaicaHHa, KoaTO cne/i ITtpBaTa 
CBeTOBHa BOHHa npHHafljieacH Ha KpancTBO lOrocnaBHa (p,o 1929 r. - KpajiCTBO 
Ha ctp6H, xtpBaTH h cjiobchhh): „IJa h ne 3naee apnaymcKu. Kora ro Haynn? Ha 
ujixda nemupuecem u neme-bpmama - napmusan, Eee napmusan u zo naynue oea 
andancKo, na ne nucmo u denecKa ne sdopa nucmo. Toza saeamucp, 3aujo n uikojio 
nejuaM ajidancKo... " iM 

Cy6eKTHBHOTO ycemaHe 3a npHHafljie>KHOCTTa kbm rpynaTa (ApeTOB 2001: 13) 
ce 3aaBaBa npe3 CB3HaHHeTO 3a npoH3xo>KflaHe ot Hea n npe3 e3HKa, kohto Ta ro- 
Bopn. EflHOBpeMeHHO c TOBa cpefl 6tJirapnTe b aji6aHCKara nacT Ha Tojio Etpao 
ce cpemaT MHeHna, ne n aji6aHCKnaT e „TexeH" e3HK: „fl3 cyju podena eo Cme6- 
jieeo, nana u 6a6o mou, juaiiKa u mamm ca podenu mym e Cmedjieeo, ca otcuee- 
anu eo Cmedjieeo, myKa njiaiaie u nemu necnu sa ceaede na 6bJizapcKu uo3uk. 



301 06hkhob6ho KaTO ochobhh (JiaKTopn ce nocoHBaT e3HKi>T h penHi-iurra, ho b cnynaa 
penHrH03HaTa npHHa/;jie>KHOCT He e Taica cnneH (JiaKTop 3a eTHH^ecKaTa H^ennraHOCT. 

302 Bojkhh OnntoKH, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

303 c]> aTHMe rpy/;a, 22.06.2007, c. CTe6neBO. 

304 Bo5khh (Dhjibokh, 01.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

102 



M apnaymcKoeo zo UMaMe name, 3aujo mana u 36opeajue, Ka ce pooKdaem om 
MauKa, Koza sacpamem da sdopeaem, ce sdopeam uosukoiti, ujo sdopecuia nana 
mom, dyzapcKuom. " 305 Taica hjih image, eTHnnecKara xapaicrepHCTHKa Ha e3mta 3a 
MHoro ot >KHTejiHTe Ha Tojio Etpflo e e3H03HaHHO GtJirapcKa: „ Hue hu MdKedon- 

CKO 36opUMe, HU Cpi}6cKU, CCIMO 6yjlZapCKU. " 306 ^.OMHHHpaiHOTO 3HaneHHe, KOeTO 

ce OT^aBa Ha e3HKOBna komhohcht npn H3CJieflBaHe Ha eTHHnecKara hachtkhhoct, 
ce apryMeHTHpa c Te3ara, ne tohho Ta3H HflenrHHHOCT Moate 3a ce pa3rjieatfla icaro 
MHoroH3MepHa KOHnennna, hhhto pa3Mepn h OTHOineHHa ome He ca o6xBaHarH 
HantJiHO, ho npn koato e3Hia>T nrpae HenrpajiHa pona (Bat. Tselikas 1986: 63). 

CneHHCJjHHHara (jjopMa Ha ctinecTByBaHe na GtJirapcKna e3HK Ha rono6'i>pflHH 
caMO KaTO ycTeH My npeflonpeflejia h cnenHCJinHeH MOfleji Ha pa3BHTHe. BncoKaTa 
CTeneH Ha ctxpaHeHOCTra My ce fl-hjiatn Ha OTHOCHrejiHara roojiaHna, b kohto e 
atHBajia o6mHOCTTa. Pe3yjiTaT ot TOBa ca 3ana3eHH b e3HKOBHa (})OHfl apxannHH 
flyMH h H3pa3H ot CTapo6i>JirapcKHa h cpeflHo6T>JirapcKHa nepnofl: „... umcim cpe- 
vua co npenodaeamejiKa om Eyjizapun Kau uac, ujuam unmepew 3ejuaem, ujuam 
Hem dyjua, mn Ka3eam - 0000, 3Jiamo, mujiuhko, ko.k MOOKem man dyjua da OKuee- 
em oede e Ajidauun. Hjua mhozo dyjuu. " 307 Cnopefl 6i>JirapcKHTe H3CJieflOBaTejm, 
e3HKi>T, kohto ce roBopn b Tojio Etpflo, cnafla kbm HaH-3ana3HOMaKeflOHCKHTe 
6tJirapcKH roBopn (MnnaHOB 2001: 19). B flHeniHara P MaKeflOHna roBoptT Ha 
rojioGtpflHH ce HHrepnpeTHpa KaTO MaKeflOHCKn: „CejiaTa b Tojio Etpflo ca hc- 

THHCKa MeKa 3a JIHHrBHCTHTe, T.C 3a MaKeflOHHCTHTe, KOHTO HMaT B1>3MOatHOCT fla 

qyaT thhhhho CTapocjiaBHHCKH H3pa3H, kohto npn Hac ca 3a6paBeHH hjih Bene ca 
Heno3HaTH" (JlHMaHOCKH 1992: 34) Ho h MaKeflOHCKnre H3CJieflOBaTejiH OTHHTar, 
ne KOHcepBHpaHeTO Ha to3h „rojio6i>pflCKH roBop Ha MaKeflOHCKHa e3HK" (Cbcth- 
eBa 2006: 15) ce fltJiatH Ha npHpoflHara H30JinpaHOCT Ha oGjiacrra, Ha jiOKaHnaTa 
My b jxbpacaBHHre rpaHHHH Ha AjiGamia h oGKptateHneTO c aji6aHCKO HacejieHHe, 
Ha HeBi>3MO>KHOCTTa toh 3a ce TpaHC(j)opMHpa npe3 nncMeHO (jjHKcnpaHe hjih npe3 
o6yneHne no MafinnH e3HK, KaKTO h Ha fltJiroroflHiuHara 3a6paHa 3a KOHraKT etc 
Cbce^HHTe cejia, nacT ot o6jiacTTa, kohto ca Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha flHeniHara P Ma- 
KeflOHna. Ot flpyra CTpaHa, TOBa, ne e3HKBT ce pa3npocTpaHaBa efliracTBeHO no 
ycTeH ntT, npoMeHa penennnaTa kbm Hero 3a HaKOH ot mccthhtc xopa h ro npaBH 
HeaceH KaTO eTmraecKa xapaKTepncTHKa: „H3uk nam ne ce mima, ne ce nuuium 
— hu dyzapcKu, hu MdKedoucKu R3UK, ujo zoeopuju. " 308 HecjjHKcnpaHOCTTa My b 
miCMeH BHfl ro npeBptina b „co6ctbch", ho h „hhhhh" e3HK, pa3nojioateH HaKbfle 
Meatfly e3nnnTe, kbm kohto e acHO, ne HMa OTHoraeHHa Ha poflCTBO h HepoflCTBO. 



305 BnojieTa MypaTH, 04.04.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 

306 BaMpaM Ey3HOB, 17.06.2007, c. Cre6jieBO. 

307 Xafl>KH IlHpyiiiH, 30.03.2008, rp. TiipaHa. 
308 AMefl TaMH3H, 02.06.2008, c. Ore6jieBO. 



103 



A. CBeraeBa (npii npoyHBaHeTO Ha Maice/iOHCKHa H3one/iOBaTejiCKH eKHn) ebmo 
npaBH Ha6jiK)fleHHeTO, ne nacT ot HHTepBiOHpaHHTe HMar qyBCTBOTO, ne TexHHaT 
e3HK e cneini(j)HHeH h pa3JiHHeH, flOKaro flpyrn ca 3ano3HaTH c TOBa, ne TaKtB roBop 
HMa b HenocpeflCTBeHa 6jih30Ct, b /jHemHara P Maice/jOHna (CBeTHeBa 2006: 15). 
Ho cpep, rono&bpjmH ce noaBH h TaicaBa me/pia TOHica icbm ohcbh/jhoto po/jctboto 
c „MaKedoHCKomo" (b e3HKOB miaH): „Hcmo ce pa36upajue u co MaKedonuume, 
ajua X3UK06 earn e no-nucm. H3UKO6, u\o sdopume eue eu pasdupaMe no-nucmo om 
MamdoHCKomo, MaKedoncKomo nam da MeiuKam mcijio, we mou da pasdepuM, ujua 
MeiuKano, u cpi>6cKo, maMO u andancKo ce 36opu, h Koza oda Kau enymm mou, mou 
cu so UMa yneno nsuKom om mamKo My, enu nacpou ne My pasdupaM, ce nacMen - 
ne 3HaM mo eenu (...) om cmapume 3Hom, ujo ca dudenu noeKbe dyzapu u xsuKom, 
mo eenuMe Mue ceaa, mo sdopwue, noeKbe na dyzapcKo e asuKoe nam. " 309 

IIpHeMaHeTO Ha ynoTpe6ara Ha e/jHH e3HK icaro ctmecTBeH cneMeHT Ha H/jeH- 
TH(j)HKaHHa He e 6e3yanoBHO, ho ocBeH icaro KOMyHHicaHHOHeH Me/nryM, e3HKi>T 
MTOKe fla ce pa3me>Kma h CTHJiH3npa KaTO KymypHa CHMBOJiHa CHCTeMa b cbfltp- 
)KaHHeTO Ha eTHHHHOCTTa (B)K. Perchinig 1988: 134). Ot e3HKOBHre 3Hamia, b 
CJiynaa /je(j)HHHpaHH KaTO 6tJirapcKH, jiofhhho MO>Ke /ja ce H3Be/je rpynoBara 
HfleHTHHHOCT Ha GtJirapcKara eTHHHecica o6ihhoct. He e TafiHa, ne oGmHOcrra b 
Tojio Etp/jo, b npoHeca Ha KOHCTpynpaHeTO Ha CBoaTa ctBpeMeHHa H/jeHTHHHOCT 
(3am oto „HfleHTHHHOCTTa 3acara no-CKopo npoHecH h MexaHH3MH Ha H3rpa)K/iaHe, 
otkojikoto Ha ejieMenrapHO yTBtp^KflaBaHe" (BoKOBa 1998: 5), e o6eKT Ha HHre- 
pecH h BJinaHHa ot CTpaHa h Ha P MaKe^OHHa, h Ha EtJirapna. Oaicr e o6ane, ne 
HeMajnca nacT ot eb6ece/nrHHHTe 3aaBaBa 6tJirapcKOTO ch caMOHfleHTH(j)HHHpaHe 
b Hafi-rojiaMa CTeneH qpe3 e3HKa, h HaMa HHKaKBO cbMHemie KaKBa e eTHHHecKara 
My xapaKTepncTHKa, ome noBene ne TOBa ce apryMeHTHpa c Haane/jCTBeHO npe/ja- 
BaHOTO 3HaHHe hjih cnoMeH ot aeTCTBOTo: „MauKa mu mom, Koza eeiieeMe kcikos 
36op 36opuMe - dyzapcKo, ne eenea HUKozaui MaKedoncKo. KaKo 36opeume eue - 
dyzapcKo! Taxe.' 310 h ome „Ha apnaymcKu om Koa Knyneuie, noeKbe na 6yzapcKu 
ce sdopeuie. M ma pacmeeMe MaeuKu, sdopeeMe dyzapcKu. " 3n 

TyK e msctoto /ja ce no^HepTae, ne aji6aHCicaTa nojiHTHHecica icnaca no-CKopo 
He 3aeMa KareropHHHa no3HHHa no Btnpoca 3a eTHHHecKara h e3HKOBa H/jeHTHH- 
hoct Ha rojio6"bp3HH. T. MaHrajiaicoBa HHTnpa aji6aHCKH npeacTaBHreji Ha Henpa- 
BHTejiCTBeHa opraHroaHHa b TnpaHa, kohto 3aaBaBa, ne HacejiefflieTO b Tojio B-bp- 
flo e MajiHHHCTBO, ho to OHeBHflHO He e HantJiHO eflH03HaHHO b caMOonpefl&naHeTO 
ch h 3a aji6aHHHTe e „TpyflHo" pa3JiHHaBaHeTO Ha ,,6'bJirapH" ot „MaKeflOHijH". 



309 Cnnpo MapKy, 05.06.2008, c. BopMHua. 

310 KflMHua HayuiH, 30.03.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

311 CaiJieT Thhh, p. 1963 r. b CTe6neBO, o6p. ochobho, pa6o™ b CTpoHTencTBOTO, ot 1989 
r. acHBee b TnpaHa; rp. TnpaHa, 31.03. 2008, 3an. B. ToH^eBa, K. PaHroneB. 

104 



„IIpH pa3roBopii c nojiHTHiiH ot Aji6aHHH Ha TeMa 6tJirapcKO MajinHHCTBO hjikoji- 
ko pecnoH^eHTH pa3Ka3BaT eflHa n ctina HCTopna - KaK 6tJirapcKHaT n MaKeflOH- 
CKHaT nocjiaHHK xoflaT b Tojio Etpflo h Majia Ilpecna, a mccthhtc xopa CMeHaT 
HfleHTHHHOCTTa ch cnopefl cjiynaa. Te3ii pecnoHfleHTH cbBeTBar nop, (jjopMara Ha 
niera b KpafiHa CMeTKa HHe caMHTe - 6tJirapH h MaKeflOHHH - fla ce pa36epeM 
no B^npoca 3a HaHHOHajiHara npHHafljieacHOCT Ha HaceneHHeTO ot Te3H pafioHH" 
(MaHrajiaKOBa 2004: 289). EflHa Bt3MO>KHa no3HHHs Ha rono6'bpflHH no Btnpoca 
3a nojiHTnnecKHTe 6opHHKaHHa, CBtp3aHH c TaxHara HfleHTHHHOCT, KaTO ne jih ce 
ctfltpaca b flyMHTe Ha CTe6jieBeHa CacjjeT Fhhh, npeflCTaBHreji Ha MJiaflOTO no- 
KOJieHne hsccjihhhh b aji6aHCKara CTOJinna TnpaHa: „Tea da cu nodejiam caMU 
d^potcaeuee. fla cu zu nodenam, Hue ne camjue da snauMe... " in 

Haraacara 3a MaKCHMajma o6ckthbhoct b H3CJieflBaHeTO Ha o6iHHOCTra Ha ro- 
jioGtpflnnTe, 3aaBeHa KareropHHHO b HacToameTO H3aneflBaHe, npeflnojiara Btnpo- 
cn, CBtp3aHH He caMO c BtJirapna, ho h c flHeiHHara P MaKeflOHHa, h eTHHnecKOTO 
flecjjHHnpaHe Ha rojio6'bpflHHTe KaTO „MaKeflOHHH" e eflHH ot Tax. ToBa npeflnojiara 
no-fleTanjiHOTO npefleraBaHe Ha no3HnnaTa Ha MaKeflOHCKHre H3CJieflOBaTe.nH kbm 
H3aBaTa Ha 6tJirapmHHaTa b ajiGaHCKara nacT Ha Fojio Etpflo. 

EtJirapcKara naMeT, caMOonpeflcnaHeTO KaTO 6tJirapn, GtJirapcKHaT e3HK n 
np. o6ihhocthh xapaKTepncTHKH Ha noBeneTO rojio6'bpflHH, cnopefl MaKeflOHCKH- 
Te H3CJieflOBaTejra, flajien He MoraT pa ce HHTepnpeTnpar KaTO 3HaK 3a 6tJirapcKa 
HfleHTHHHOCT. Te ca pe3yjrrar ot TpeTnpaHe c „MexaHH3MHTe Ha BemaTa 6tJirap- 
CKa nponaraHfla, KoaTO ce e pa3BHBajia hhtch3hbho Ha HaKaraco HHTejieKryajiHH 
n coHnanHH HHBa b npofltJiaceHHe Ha okojio eflHH bck" (CBeTneBa 2006: 16). „Fo- 
jio6i>pflHH ca 6hjih H3Jio>KeHH Ha bchhkh bhaobc nojiHTH3anna Ha eTmraecicaTa 
HfleHTHHHOCT, KaKTO h flpyrn MaKe^OHCKH MajinnHCTBa b cbce^HHTe TepHTopnn. 
IIpHHOC kbm T03H HaTHCK HMaT h nioGajiHHTe nojiHTHnecKH HHTepecn" (CBeTneBa 
2006: 16). IIo-KOHKpeTHOTO TBtpfleHHe Ha A. CBeTneBa e, ne Ha30BaBaHeTO Ha 
e3HKa KaTO GtJirapcKH, h to ot no-Bi>3pacTHH xopa, e CBi>p3aHO c t. Hap. „BpeMe 
6yrapcKo", KoraTO Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha Fojio Ei>pflo e HMajio 6i>JirapcKH bohhhhh, 
a b c. IlacHHKH e 6hji pasnojioaceH 6i>JirapcKH ma6 b nepnofla okojio 1928 r. 313 
AHajiorHHHO, cnopefl aBTopKara, TOBa ce CBi>p3Ba c „H3npo6BaHHre MexaHH3MH 
Ha 6tJirapcKa nponaraHfla b MaKeflOHHa" (CBeTneBa 2006: 15-16). CrpyBa mh ce 
floera onocpeflCTBaHa BpT>3Kara Meatfly npncbCTBHeTO Ha GtJirapn Ha TepHTopnaTa 
Ha Fojio Btpflo h Ha30BaBaHeTO Ha e3HKa ot mccthhtc raiTejiH KaTO 6i>JirapcKH. 
3ByHH HecepH03HO Te3aTa, ne TaM, KtfleTO e HMajio GtJirapcKH bohhhhh no Bpe- 



312 Cac})eT Thhh, 31.03. 2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

313 Tpa6Ba pa ce OT6ene>KH, ne b nocoHBaHeTO Ha 1928 r. aBTopKaTa ce no30BaBa Ha pa3Ka- 
3a Ha MecreH hobck, a He Ha ^OKyivieHTH, T.e. MHoro e BepoaTHO roziHHaTa pa He e hctoph- 
necKH /lOCTOBepHa, a pa ce Kacae 3a 1 9 1 8 r. 

105 



Me Ha BOHHHTe npe3 20 b., e 6njia npoMeHeHa hjih MaHiinyjiiipaHa eTHHHecKara 
npHHafljie>KHOCT Ha jiOKajiHHTe o6ihhocth. Ome noBene, ne tohho npe3 ITtpBaTa 
CBeTOBHa BOHHa 6tJirapcKaTa apMHa BJia/jee Tojio Etp/jo He noBene ot Tpn roflH- 
hh. B cbiHOTO BpeMe CBeTHeBa no/jqepTaBa, ne npn npoyHBaHe Ha pernoHa ca 
nyTH flocTa H3Ka3BaHHa KaK ca ce OTHacajiii 6tJirapcKHTe h cptGcKirre bohhhtih 
KtM MiocioJiMaHHTe h KtM npaBOCJiaBHHTe, Taxa ne, 3aaBaBa th, He CTaBa flyMa 
3a HaicaKBO eTHnnecKO qyBCTBO hjih eTHHHecica cc-JiH/japHOCT npn ynoTpe6aTa Ha 
TepMHHa „6yrapcKH a3Hic" (CBeTHeBa 2006: 15-16). 3a KaKBO CTaBa ayMa o6ane 
Taica h He CTaBa actio. . . 

B npoTHBOBec Ha TOBa, MarepHajrBT, CT>6paH b Tojio Etp/jo, h nacTHHHO npe/j- 
CTaBeH b Ta3H KHHra, 3ano3HaBa c e/jHa rae/jHa TOHKa, cnope/i KoaTO OTHoraeHHeTO 
KtM BtJirapna e caMO h e/niHCTBeHO ho3hthbho: „Cmapu nauiu HUKoza nepevuie 
-om Eyzapun CMe eudenujiomo, hu MycnuManu, hu pucmmmi, Kaypu, ujo euKajue, 
om EyzapuH ne eudenu jioiuo, a om C^pdun.... " iU OneBHflHO e h pa3rpaHHiaBaHe- 
to Memjxy EtJirapiia (U,apcTBO BtJirapna) h CtpGiia (KpancTBO CtpGna; ot 1918 
r. - KpancTBO Ha ctpGii, xtpBani h cjiobchhh) b HCTopHnecKHa nnaH Ha (JoopMii- 
paHeTO Ha OTHoraeHHeTO icbm noconeHHTe ^tp^KaBH — cnopefl CTeGjieBun, cejiOTO 
hm e ropeHO Tpn hbth ot Cbp6jrre b nepiioaa 1916-1921 r. 315 K. ntpjinneB aaBa 
CBe^eHHa 3a cptGcKirre Haciuma b Maice/jOHna (bkji. h b Tojio Etp/jo) b nepiio/ja 
1913-1915 316 , a cnopefl M. Ohjihtiobhh cenoTO e ropano npe3 1913, 1915 h 1920 



314 Emhh MypaTH, p. 1934 r. b c. CTe6neBO, o6p. 4 kji., pa6oTHn b CHeTOBO^CTBO, ot 1991 
r. acHBee b TnpaHa; 04.04.2008, rp. Tnpam, 3an. K. PaHroneB, B. ToH^eBa. 

315 Pa3Ka3i>T 3a TpHKpaTHOTO H3rap>me Ha CTe6neBO ot ci>p6HTe 6eme 3anncaH MHoro- 
KpaTHO b cenoTO, 6e3 ^a e Hannne KOHKpeTH3annfl Kora tohho ce e cnyHHJio TOBa, ho noco- 
hchhat TyK nepnozi e no HHiJiopManHfl Ha Emhh MypaTH, 04.04.2008, TnpaHa. 

316 Cmt>ptho H3Te3aBaHH huh y6nrH ot ci>p6HTe ot rp. JJ,e6i>p ca 64 jiyum, ot OKOnnaTa - 
200 ayuiH. K. IltpuHHeB ^aBa cjie^HHre CBe^eHHa 3a >KepTBHTe: c. EopoBO - 34 jiyum, c. 
Moropne-20, c. Top6ane- 15, c. Tpe6Hiua- 13, c. KneHe-3, c. Ehhobcii - 2, c. Moaphh 

- 4, c. JJpeHOK h c. fl^ennma - no 1, c. Hepe3H - 3, c. Mano IlanpaziHHK - 1, c. Eojihmo 
rianpaaHHK - 2, ceno IlHCKynmHHa - 3, c. JKnTHHaHH - 1, c. EopeHnn - 2, c. HoBaK - 1, 
c. Ko/picazDKHK - 3, c. EpemaHH - 1, c. .SGnaHHua - 5, c. EpomHua n c. EauaHnn - no 1, 
c. Eapn - 5, c. Pa^oema - 1, c. Tynene - 1, c. Eojiamo OcTpeHn - 2, c. OconHHua - 3, c. 
JlecHnqaHH - 8, c. OionyH - 12, c. }Kyna-cenne - 12, c. EneBnn - 39. Bchhko b JJ,e6i>p n 
OKOnna - 264 aymn. B rpa# ,3,e6i>p ca ono>KapeHH 290 Ki>mH, a b OKOnnaTa: c. KpHBUH - 
44, c. KyKn - 12, c. EopHO Binmua - 1 1, c. flojmo Biranua - 7, c. EopoBO - 5, c. Tpe6nm,a 

- 2, c. EnHOBeii - 1, c. EneBnn - 5, c. Ilanpa^HHK - 2, c. H3Bnpn - 5, c. CepneTOBO - 1 1, 
c. EopHO KocoBpacTH - 2, c. flonHO KocoBpacTH - 73, c. Eonemua - 7, c. Top6ane - 28, c. 
OicmyH - 7, c. JlecHH^aHH - 36, c. KoHapn - 7, c. Aivie - 15, c. KneHe - 123, c. Moropne 

- 60, c. EopoBO - 100, c. 3a63yH - 120 h c. Cre6neBO - 160. Bchhko H3ropeHH ki>iu,h b 
JJ,e6i>p h OKOJiHHTa - 1 133 (Bac. IIi>pjiHHeB 2001). 

106 



rofliraa. (Bat. ®HJiHnoBHn 1940: 32). JJ,opu b mccthhtc HapaTHBH „ctp6HH", „cep6" 
npHflo6HBa nefiopaTHBHO 3HaqeHHe HMeHHO nopaflH Te3H npHHHHH: „Cme6jieeo 
eenno mam e dudeno, u3zonamo e mpu m>mu Cmedneeo, uszopeno mpu ni>mu... 
(,,.), H3ne3Hajie opama u douuie naK, Hue HMMcuue dyjua no-Mp-bcna om ci>p6u. Hue 
KaseaMe, h naMHa mcuikk, na eden MOMenm, nc xe ce cbpdee u MauKa mu Kaseauie 

- 6ezaii, 6e cbpdun! Hau-Kpauna dyjua 3a nac. BenuMe - jioui kciko cep6. " ni 

KaKTO Bene HeeflHOKparHO 6e OT6ejia3aHO, ronaMa nacT ot ct6eceflHHHHTe, 3a- 
nncBaHH b nepnofla 2006-2008 r., apTHKynnpar acHO 6tJirapcKH nporoxofl h e3HK 
flOMHHHpamo npe3 TpaflHHHOHHO npeflaBaHOTO 3HaHHe 3a TOBa, o6eKTHBH3HpaHO 
b KOJieKTHBHaTa naMeT Ha o6iHHOCTra. CBeTHeBa h TpnecKH o6ane o6acHaBar no- 
aBara Ha TOBa caMOonpeflejiaHe c eflHa cbBpeMemia CHTyaHHa, CBi>p3aHa c fleMO- 
KpaHHaTa, Koraro cnopefl HH(j)opMaHHa ot thxhoto npoyHBaHe, b Tojio Etpflo ca 
HflBanH 6tJirapcKH H3aneflOBaTejTH, a EtJirapna e npefljiarajia MarepHajma noMom 
3a oGyneHHe Ha fleua h MJiafleatH b EtJirapna. A TOBa npeflJioateHHe e oco6eHO 

npHMaMJIHBO, TBH KaTO Ce nOflBflBa B pa3MHpHHTe H flOCTa TpyflHH ntpBH rOflHHH 

cuefl na^aHeTO Ha peatHMa Ha EHBep Xoflata (CBeTHeBa 2006: 15-16). Tpa6Ba fla 
ce noflnepTae, ne Ta3H nacT ot TBtpfleHHaTa Ha MaiteflpHCKHTe yneHH e HantJiHO 
HenpHeMJiHBa, tt>h icaro ce 6a3npa Ha npoHecn ot noaneflHHTe neTHafleceTHHa ro- 
3hhh, a 3a TOJiKOBa KpaTtK nepnofl ot BpeMe eflBa jih MoraT fla ce npoMeHaT bckob- 
HHTe Tpa/jHHHOHHH npeflCTaBH Ha rojioGtpflHH 3a nporoxofla h e3HKa hm. 

Ottobop^t Ha Btnpoca Ha KaicBB e3HK ce pa3BHBa BtTpenmaTa KOMyHintaiiHa 

- „MHe 36opHMe no Hanie... no 6yrapcKO... axe ko cera", cpemam ce cpefl 3Hann- 
TeneH flan ot nonynaiiiiaTa b Tojio Etpflo, ce HHrepnpeTnpa ot J\. TpnecKH icaro 
ocHOBa 3a (jjopMnpaHe Ha 6tJirapcKHTe flpyatecTBa b P Aji6aHiia - „HBaH Ba30B" 
n „IIpocnepHTeT Tojio Etpflo". TaxHara nen, cnopefl to3h aBTop, e fla H3BT>piiiBaT 
nocpe/jHHnecTBO npn 3anncBaHe Ha CTyfleHTH b yHHBepcnTeTH b EtJirapiia hjih 
aa cnoMaraT no-JiecHOTO CHa6flaBaHe c 6tJirapcKH nacnopT (TpnecKH 2006: 59). 
MajiKO no-Ha^ojiy o6ane ce neTe cjicahoto: „Ctino Taita, MaiteAOHHa c noMOinTa 
Ha onpe^ejieHH HenpaBirrejiCTBeHH opraHH3anHH HanpaBH Bt3MoatHO nocpeAHii- 
necTBOTO npn 3anncBaHeTO Ha CTy^eHTH b MaiteAOHCKHTe yHHBepcnTeTH h hh/jh- 
peKTHO noAAi>pata nojiHTnnecKOTO opraHH3npaHe Ha atiiTejiiiTe, kohto ca no npo- 
H3xofl MaKeflOHnn" (TpnecKH 2006: 59-60). Ohcbhaho CTaBa ayMa 3a HfleHTnneH 
MOfleji Ha ny6jiHHHH OTHoraeHHa Meatfly P BtJirapna h P MaKeflOHHa h o6iHHOCTTa 
ot Iono Btpflo b ycnoBHaTa Ha fleMOKpauHa. 3amo ToraBa 6tJirapcKaTa achhoct 
b Tojio Btpflo fla e npHHHHa 3a 6tJirapcKO caMOonpeflejiaHe, a omeflajmo to3h 
MOflen fla He e pa6oTem h 3a MaKeflOHCKara nponaraHfla? Ohcbhaho H3CJieflOBa- 
TejiHTe ot flHeuiHara P MaKeflOHHa HMaT H36Hpare.neH noflxofl b onHTHTe fla ch 
o6acHaT 6tJirapcKaTa hachtkhhoct Ha rojio6i>pflHH. 



' XaflacH IlHpyiuH, 30.03.2008, TnpaHa. 

107 



OTHOiueHHaTa Meayry Bcaxa ot aBeTe nT>p>KaBH h HaceneHHeTO ot Tojio Etpap 
ce KOMeHTHpaT c rojiflMa np3a noap3pHTejiHOCT pennnponHO ot 6i»JirapcKHTe h 
MaKeflOHCKHTe rocneapBaTejiH. „HHTepeceH (})aKT, kohto noTBi>p>KaaBa onHTHTe 3a 
KOHCTpynpaHe Ha eTHnnecica HaenrHHHOCT y HaceneHHeTO ot To.no E-bpap, e TOBa, 
ne MHoro necTO 3a BpeMeTO Ha CBonre nocenieHHa b AjiGamia bhcokhtc (jjyHK- 
HHOHepn ot EtJirapna ce HHTepecyBar h nHTaT 3a GtJirapnTe ot Iojio Btp^o h 
Ilpecna. TaKHBa npoaBH noKa3BaT, ne h npaBHrejiCTBOTO Ha PenyGjinica EtJirapna 
BH>Kaa HaKaKtB nnrepec b HajinnneTO Ha Hac&neHHe b Peny6jiHica AjiGamia, kocto 
6h ce HfleHTH(j)HiiHpajio KaTO 6tJirapcKo" - nnme J[. TpnecKH (Tpneciai 2006: 59). 
T. MaHranaKOBa H3Jiara GtJirapcKara raenHa TOHKa: „npeacTaBHTejiH Ha Henpa- 
BHTejiCTBeHH opraH3HnHH, Ha MOH, .HAEH h H3CJieapBaTejiH KOHCTaTHpaxa, ne 
MaKeapHHa pa6oTH aKTHBHO c HaceneHHeTO ot Majia Ilpecna h Iojio Etpao, kocto 
ntTyBa 6e3BH30BO b MaKeapHHa, a MaKenpHCKnaT nocnaHHK b TnpaHa ot h5ikojiko 
roflHHH o6HKajia Mana Ilpecna n pa3naBa MaKeapHCKH nacnopTn" (MaHrajiaKOBa 
2004: 292). Bcaica ot nrseTe no3nnnn e noaicpeneHa ot nnTnpaHn HHTepBiOTa c 
MecTHH xopa (B>k. TpnecKH 2006: 58-59; MaHranaKOBa 2004: 284-285) 318 . 

npHfltp^KaHeTO rim o6eKTHBHOCTTa H3HCKBa TyK na Gtne nHTnpaHO aKTyaji- 
hoto MHeHne Ha earn jvraaaa )KeHa, npeacTaBHrejiKa Ha rojioG'tpacKaTa o6nj,HOCT: 
„ripedu da doude E-bjizapun, npedu da Kadtcam maKa omeopeno, ca hocujiu no 
neufo da noMozam na xopama, ocodeno e Tpeduuja, MaKedoniju, no HHKaicbe Hanu 
MaiiKo, c-beceM mojiko, xopama ca 6wiu 6ednu, Kamu cme eue? - MaKedonifu! H 
noeene mun cena maju. Tpeduiija. B Cmedneeo mhozo pndm ujiu nonmu HUKoza we 
Mooiceiu da nyem moea. " i19 HantJiHO e bt>3mo>kho cnoaejiaHeTO Ha eaHO TaKOBa 
Ha6jnoaeHHe aa e pe3ynTar HanpHMep ot cpeniara c GtJirapcKH H3CJienoBaTe.n, ho b 
CJiynaa ocBeaoMHTejiKara e 3aBi>puiHJia bhcuicto ch o6pa30BaHne b EtJirapna n ce 
caMOonpeaejra KaTO 6tJirapKa. B pa3roBop c 6tJirapcKH >KypHanncT o6ane npean 
HaKOJiKO roflHHH Ta cnoae.ua, ne ronoG'tpaHH CMaTaT, ne roBopaT nHajieKT, ho He 
3Ha«T KaKtB e toh: „B Tojio Etpnp, KoraTO npn Hac naBaT MaKeapHnn, Ka3BaT Ha 
xopaTa, ne roBopaT MaKeapHCKH, KoraTO naBaT Gtarapn, Ka3BaT, ne to3h nHaneKT 
e GtJirapcKn" (MaHrajiaKOBa 2004: 285). KaK ToraBa na 6i>ae pa3rae>KaaHa h HaM- 
Bene ne(j)HHHpaHa cbBpeMeHHaTa eTHnnecKa HaenrHHHOCT Ha rojioGtpaHn? 

„Cnopea eceHnnajiHCTKOTO pa36npaHe HaeHTH(})HKaHHaTa ce octmecTBaBa 



318 B MaiceAOHCKHTe h3tohhhijh rono6i>pzmH roBopaT 3a nponaraH^aTa Ha EtJirapna, kohto 
MHoro necTO e no/iBe>KziaiLi,a h o6em,aBa HepeanHH Hem,a (6i>JirapcKH nacnop™, pa6oTa b 
6i>nrapcKOTO noconcTBO b TnpaHa), a b 6i>nrapcKHTe - 3a P MaKe^OHHa, kohto pa6oTH c 
o6m,HOCTTa no-arpecHBHO ot BtJirapna. 

319 AuMa HayuiH, p. 1 974 r. b c. Ore6neBO, o6p. BHcme - b An6aHHa neziarorHKa, b Btura- 
pnfl - npaBO (Cy „Cb. Kuhmbht Oxph^ckh"), acHBee b TnpaHa; rp. TnpaHa, 30.03.2008, 
3an. B. ToH^eBa. 

108 



qpe3 pa3no3HaBaHeTO Ha 06m, nporoxo/i, cno/jejieHH xapaKTepncTHKH c rpyna hjih 

JIHHHOCT HJIH C HaKaKbB Hfleajl. CBtp3Ba Ce CtC COJIHflapHOCT H npHBtp3aHOCT B 

rpynaTa. B KOHTpacT c Ta3H /je(j)HHHHHa /jHCKypcHBHHaT nop,xop, pa3rne>K/ia H/jeH- 
TH(j)HKaHHflTa KaTO KOHCTpynpaHe, icaro HHKora He3aBtpinBaiH npoHec, tscho 3a- 
bhchm ot KOHKpeTHaTa CHiyaHHa" (TaHeBa-PaHHeBa 2004: 17). Rbm npo6jieMa 3a 
KOHCTpynpaHeTO Ha H/jeHTHHHOCT cpep, eTHHnecKOTO MajiHHHCTBO b Iojio Etp/jo 
BepoaTHO e no-y/jaHHO /ja ce npiuicwKii /jHCKypcHBHHaT no/ixofl. ILpoHecbT aajiei 
He e npHKJHOHHJi. Om,e noBeie cnep, KOHCTHTynpaHeTO Ha flHeniHara P MaKe/jOHHa 
KaTO HOBa, caMOCTOHHa fltp^KaBa Ha EanKaHHie, c kocto, KaKTO 3aaBaBar h Ma- 
KeflOHCKHTe H3CJie30BaTejiH, 3a nptB ni>T ce otkph bt>3mo>khoct h ta jya. yiacTBa 
b KOHCTpyiipaHeTO Ha eTHHnecKa H/jeHTHHHOCT Ha HacejieHHeTO ot Tojio Etpao 
(TpnecKH 2006: 59-60). 

BtnpocHTe 3a eTHHHHOCTia CTaBaT oco6eHO aKiyajiHH npe3 60-Te ro/jHHH Ha 
20 b. h npofltJDKaBaT 3a ca TaKHBa h p,o ppec. IlapaMeTpHTe Ha noHSTHeTO „cthh- 
necKa H/jeHTHHHOCT" mhoto necTO ca npHHHHa 3a HaHHOHanHH iiojihthkh, npeBpt- 
m,aT ce b npo6jieM Ha caMOonpe/jejieHHeTO h caM03aiHHTaia. Bee om,e o6aie b h3- 
cneaoBarejiCKHTe flnpeHHa h HaynHHie Te3H He e CTaHajio acHO /jajiH eTHHHecKara 
HfleHTHHHOCT e b HHKaKBa CTeneH fla^eHa ^tpBOHaqajiHa" /jeHCTBHiejiHOCT hjih 
e Hemo, KoeTO MO>Ke p,a &bp,e cb3/ia/ieHO CTparerHHecKH h ohhtho (B>k. YefirbpT 
1990: 128-129). B to3h cmhcbji, npo6jieMi>T c (jjopMHpaHeTO Ha TaicaBa H/jeHTHH- 

HOCT y 06lHH0CTTa B TOJIO Btp^O e OTBOpeH, 3aiHOTO HCTOpHHeCKHTe o6cToaTeji- 

CTBa 3a okojio e^HH Bex (cjiefl KaTO AjiGamia o6flBaBa He3aBHCHMOCT ot OcMaH- 
CKaTa HMnepna npe3 1912 r.) ce npoMeHaT MHoroKpaTHO h cb3/jaBaT ycjiOBHa 3a 
npoTHnaHe Ha npoHecn tbkmo CBi>p3aHH c „H36op" Ha h3Chthhhoct. 

Ot flpyra CTpaHa, „yqacTHeTo" b to3h npouec (6e3 #a hmsl 3HaqeHHe Ha koa 
ot flBeTe CTpaHH - 6i>JirapcKa hjih Maice/iOHCKa) reHepnpa oiaKBaHHa. HanpHMep 
A. CBeTneBa cno/jejia, ne no BpeMe Ha TexHHa npecTOH b Tojio Etp/jo HenpnaT- 
hh MOMeHTH 3a eKHna ca 6hjih qecTHie moji6h h noflcemaHHa Ha rojio6i>pOTH 3a 
CbfleficTBHe 3a OTBapaHeTO Ha rpaHHHHHa nyHKT „Ha nopTH", 3aTBopeH onje b Ha- 
HajiOTO Ha pe>KHMa Ha EHBep Xop,ma (1948) h CBi>p3BaiH bi>3mo>kho Hafi-npaKO 
aji6aHCKHTe c MaKe/jOHCKHie rojioGtpflCKH cejia (Bm. CBeTneBa 20066: 17). Yiac- 
THHHHTe b 6i>JirapcKHTe eKcneflHHHH hjih flpyrn 6i>JirapcKH noceTHTejin b pernoHa 
ce c6jTbCKBai c no/io6HH npo6jieMH, Maxap h HaconeHH ki>m npHflo6HBaHeTO Ha 
6i>JirapcKH nacnopTH ot rono6i>p/iHH. CaMopa3no3HaBaHeTO icaro „6i>JirapH" hjih 
KaTO „MaKeflOHHH" He e /jocTarBiHO, to ce Hy^K/jae ot jierHTHMaHHa ot CTpaHa Ha 
CbOTBeTHara fltp^KaBa: „Hue so UMaMe nyeauo Hacuna dyzapcKuo, ajua Eyzapun 
huujo ne 3hou 3a nac, ne shou, devia CMe dyzaptfu!" 320 



320 Ca6pn Mypara, 17.06.2007, c. Cre6jieBO 

109 



B. raHeBa-PafiqeBa OT6ejifl3Ba, ne b jnicicypca 3a MajiHHHCTBara ca ce Hano- 
)khjih ppe npefly6e)KfleHHa. Cnope/i e^HOTO, ctxpaHaBaHeTO h noflfltpacaHeTO Ha 
eTHHHecicaTa H/jeHTHHHOCT (qpe3 e3HKa, (JjojiKJiopa, pejmriiaTa, Tpa/jHHHHre h p,p.) 

3aBHCH e/JHHCTBeHO OT OCHiypeHHTe OT CbOTBCTHaTa fltp^KaBa BT>3MO>KHOCTH 3a 

TOBa (raHeBa-PaMqeBa 2004: 131) hjih b cjiyiafl - ot „H36paHaTa" atp^KaBa, ipe3 
koato ce HfleHTH(j)HiiHpa eTHHnecKH Ta3H o6ihhoct. B pe/niHa ny6jiHKaiiHH ce 
cnoMeHaBar Tpy/jHOCTHre, kohto cpemaT HauiHTe cbHapo/jHjmH b hhkoh cbcepfm 
CTpaHH npii onHTHTe ch #a H3pa3flBar GtJirapcKara ch npHHa/uiOKHOCT. Ba>KHO e 
3a ce no/jqepTae o6aqe, ne ociirypeHjrre ot fltp^KaBara npe/niocTaBKH, pa36npa 
ce, ca Ba>KHH 3a noflfltp^KaHeTO Ha HaHHOHajiHaTa/eTHHiecKara H/jeHTHHHOCT, ho 
He ca e/jHHCTBeHHTe. 

^pyroTO npefly6e)KfleHHe e nopo/jeHO ot hctophhcckh ci>6hth5i h npoHecn, 
30BejiH pp. CB3flaBaHe Ha OTpHHarejiHH KOHOTaHHH b 3HaieHHeTO Ha /ryMara „acn- 
MHJiaHHa". Ta BHHarn 03HaiaBa HacnjiCTBeHO „norjri>H],aHe", nonHTHKa Ha npHHy- 
flHTejiHO npeTonaBaHe Ha MajiHHHCTBeHH rpynn (TaHeBa-PaHieBa 2004: 131). B 
cnyiaa Ha rojio6i>p/iHH „3anjiaxaTa" ot acHMHJiaHHa Ha Kyjuypara, h oco6eHO Ha 
e3HKa KaTO Ba>KeH ejieMenr ot KOHHeniniaTa 3a KyjiTypara Ha e/nia o6ihhoct, mo6h- 
jiH3npa HHe-nyBCTBOTo: „HMaMe dopotcano iio3UKom om cmapume, om nemupeu- 
cem u nem zodunu KOMyHU3Ma mpedauie da ce sadopaeeuie ceeme, cj\te od-bpotccuie. 
Oede eo Tupana ce sadopaen, Koza 6euie napodom, ce dopotcea ceume u ce dop- 
OKeme, ok Ke mdezaui... ce zy6u. " in AcHMHJiauHflTa, Hape/i c aicyjiTypaHHa, HHre- 
rpaHHa, HHTepicyjiTypeH /niaiior h t.h. ca noHaTHH, b kohto ce KOHHenryajiH3HpaT 
AHJieMH ot THna "Hne-Te" (KptCTeBa 1995: 112). T^h KaTO npoHecHTe Ha H/jeH- 

TH(j)HKaHHfl Ce 06Btp3BaT CtC Cb3flaBaHCTO Ha KOHTHHIOHTeT HJIH Ha peJiaHHOHHH 

OTHoraeHHa (B>k. BoKOBa 1998: 6), H3ry6BaHeTO Ha cahhctboto h 3arBopeHHa xa- 
paKTep Ha o6iHHOCTra ot Tojio Etp/jo (cjie^ 1991 r.) ci>3aaBa ycjiOBHa 3a npoMeHH 

H B HfleHTHHHOCTTa. 

C h&ji H3HCHaBaHeTO Ha eTHHnecKOTO caMOonpe/jejiaHe Ha HacejiefflieTO b Tojio 
Etpao, Kaicro h nopa^H npeTeHHHaTa Ha to3h tckct 3a MaKCHMajiHa icopeKTHOCT 
KtM MaTepnajia h BtoGme kbm OTpa35raaHeTO Ha ctCToaHHeTO Ha npoyHBaHaTa 
o6ihhoct, Tpa6Ba /ja ce cnoMeHe h Ta3H no3HHHa Ha onpe/jejieHH hchhh npe/jCTa- 
BHTejiH, koato npe/jCTaBa e3HKa ch KaTO MOK/jHHeH: „E. T. Hue zo euKcuue 6yn- 
zapcKu. 3. r. BenuMe dyjizapu. E. L EymapcKo... u MamdoHCKo enazam. E cera 
GtJirapcKO jih e hjih MaKe/jOHCKO? E.E.E cmapo MamidoHCKo, opuzunajibno e oee, 
ujo sdopuMe Hue " 322 hjih „ H no uosukob co MamdoncKu Hue ce pasdupaMe Miibozy 
jibeno, qmq co dyzapcKuom - mqjio mjiozo, mqjio mjiozo, mye, mye " i23 T. MaHrajia- 



321 Cac|>eT Thhh, 31.03.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

322 EcaT Thhh, 3eHeji ra^>Ka, 02.06.2008, c. CTe6jieBO. 

323 HcMann Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. Ore6jieBO. 

110 



KOBa iiirnipa cnoMeHaTaTa no-rope AjiMa Haynni, 3aBtpuiHJia bhcihcto ch o6pa- 
30BaHiie b EtJirapna: „Ba6a mh, koato He 3Hae /jo6pe aji6aHCKH, 6eme jno6onHTHa 
fla qye 6tJirapcKH e3HK, KaTO ce Bptmax npe3 BaKamiiiaTa ot EtJirapna, h KoraTO 
h neTax KHHra, Ka3Baiue, ne hhiho ne pa36npa. Ho Ta pa36Hpanie TeKCTOBeTe Ha 
6tJirapcKHTe necHH" (MaHranaKOBa 2004: 285). 

HanHiie e npHBH/nro npoTHBopeHHe - HaKOH ot cbGece/pmiiHTe Ha30BaBaT e3H- 
Ka ch 6tJirapcKH („6yzapcKu"), ho ohcbh^ho HMaT npo6jieM c pa36npaHeTO Ha 
CbBpeMeHHHa khh^kobch 6i>JirapcKH e3HK, pecn. BT>3npHeMaT MaiceaoHCKHa khh- 
>kobch e3HK KaTO no-6jTH3T>K h no-noHaTeH 3a Tax. Ho TOBa e pa36npaeMO, 3am,OTO 
b ocHOBara Ha nocjie^HHa, ci>3aaaeH c hojihthhcckh /jeKpeT Ha 2 aBrycT 1944 r. b 
MaHacTHpa „npoxop Hhhhckh", ctoh 3anaflHo6"bJirapcKHaT roBop, pa3npocTpaHeH 
KaKTO b npeflenHTe Ha BtJirapna, Taxa h h3bt>h /jHeumHTe h rpaHHHH. OaKT e, ne 
rojioGtpflHH pa36npaT h flpyrn cnaBaHCKH e3HHH, kocto cbiho npoBOKHpa KOJie6a- 
HHaTa b eTHHnecKaTa aec})HHHHHa Ha e3Hica hm 324 : „Koza doudon mun om Kpoauux, 
MOJKeejue da um pasdupaMe na asuKom, cjioeenume ne, He MootceM, ujua dpyza, Ka 
napycKu, ne MootceeMe da ce pa36upajue. Co Kpoamume ce pasdupaejue, co Mam- 
doHun ce pa36upajue, co eac Eyzapun ce pasdupaMe. H eo r-bpuun UMam edna Ma- 
KedoHUH u c humu man u zoeopuM Ka nac... " 325 H Bee naic: „Hue dyzapcKu eejiUMe, 
sdopuMe dyzapcKu, na co MaKedonuu ce pasdupajue, Hue CMe na zpadnuua, 3ame 
ce pasdupaMe, myKy Hue ceeasuK dyzapcKu eenuMe, Bo KyKu ujo sdopuMe neMootce 
da penuMe hu MaKedoncKu, hu pycKu, cade dyzapcKo, ajua ajidanuu cmc " 326 

PeajiHO b MHoro KpaTKH nepnoflH, a h nacTHHHO, b pernoHa ce e octmecTBaBa- 

JIO 06pa30BaHHe H Ha CpT>6CKH KHH)KOBeH e3HK, H Ha 6tJirapCKH KHH>KOBeH e3HK, 

h Ha MaiceaoHCKH KHHacoBeH e3HK. H. JiHMaHOCKH flaBa cjie^HHTe CBe^eHHa: „Bi>b 
bchhkh cena b Tojio Btpflo ot 1913 flo 1915 r. oGyneHHeTO b ynHJiHiHara ce npo- 
BOK^a ot MecTHH yHHTejiH Ha cpt6cKH e3HK. Ot 1915-1916 Ha 6tJirapcKH e3HK, a 
ot 1916 flo 1924 othobo Ha cpi>6cKH e3HK. Ot 1924 flo cera o6yqeHHeTO ce oct>- 
mecTBaBa Ha aji6aHCKH e3HK, ocbch ot 1947 p,o 1949 327 , Ha MaiceaoHCKH, ho caMO 
3a cenara c ^khtcjih MaKe/jOHHH xpncTHaHH (JiHMaHOCKH 1992: 33-34). Bcbihhoct, 
Ta3H HH(j)opMaHHa He e ctBceM TOHHa - H. JiHMaHOCKH nponycKa HaKOH bsltkhk 



324 A KaKTO e oqeBH^HO ot HHTaTa, ci>mecTByBaT h Kone6aHHa no OTHOiueHHe Ha CTaTyTa 
Ha MaKexiOHHfl KaTO o6nacT huh ^i>p>KaBa. 

325 Amca TaMH3H, 02.06.2008, c. CTe6neBO. 

326 EHBep ABjiay, p. 1945 r. b c. Cre6neBO, o6p. cpe/nio, CTpoHTeneH TexHHK, ot 1956 r. 
>KHBee b TnpaHa; rp. TnpaHa, 01.04.2008, 3an. B. ToH^eBa. 

327 To3H cj)aKT OT6enH3Ba h JI. PncTecKH. Pe3ynTaT ot ntpBHre toahhh Ha npnaTencTBO 
Meamy Thto h Xoziaca e npaBOTO Ha ochobho o6pa30BaHHe Ha MaKe^OHCKH e3HK 3a Hacene- 
HHeTO ot Tojio Ei>pzio. ToBa npo/ii>Ji>KaBa no 1 948 r. - ot ToraBa rono6i>pzmH ce o6pa30BaT 
caMO Ha an6aHCKH e3HK (Phctbckh 2006a: 33). 

Ill 



(jjaKTH. Cnopefl T. Eoa/pKHeB, ntpBOTO aji6aHCKO npaBHTejiCTBO ot 1912 r. ce ot- 
Haca 6jiarocKJiOHHO kbm 6i>JirapcKHa npowsxop, Ha HacejiemieTO ot Tojio Etpao 
h 3ana3Ba rorpa/jeHHTe no BpeMe Ha OcMaHCKaTa HMnepna 6tJirapcKH ynHJinma 
- TaKHBa HMa b neT cena b pernoHa no TOBa BpeMe. „Ba»ceH momcht ot 6tJira- 
po-an6aHCKHTe OTHOiueHHa b no-HOBO BpeMe e BTopaTa 6ajiKaHCKa KOHcJjepeHHHa, 
npoBe^eHa npe3 1932 r. Ha Hea aji6aHCKara n 6T>JirapcKara HannoHanHa aejieranna 
noflnncBaT 3aKjnonHTejieH npoTOKOJi, b kohto ce 3aaBaBa, ne aji6aHCKara /jejiera- 
nna npn3HaBa cbmecTByBaHeTO Ha 6tJirapcKO MajiHHHCTBO b Aji6aHna n npneivia 
KaTO CBoe 3aflT>ji)KeHHe #a noncKa ot npaBHTejiCTBOTO /ja pa3peran OTKpHBaHe Ha 
ynnjinma b rpa/jOBeTe n ccnaTa, kb/jcto GtJirapcKOTO HaceneHne e npeo6jiaaaBa- 
mo. B Te3H ynnjinma o6yneHHeTO e Tpa6Bajio p,a ce H3BT>puiBa Ha 6tJirapcKH e3HK, 
a aji6aHCKHaT 3a 6"i>ae 3a/rbJi)KHTejieH. Maxap ne 6"bJirapo-aji6aHCKHHT npoTOKOJi 
He ce npHJio^KHJi Ha npaKTHKa, toh e Ba>KeH topnflHnecKH h o6mecTBeH /jOKyMeHT, 
kohto acHO noflKpena eTHorpacjjCKHre n eTHnnecKHTe npaBa Ha BtJirapna Hap, cjia- 
bhhckoto HaceneHHe b Aji6aHna. Toh H3pa3aBa y6e>KfleHHeTO n Ha MHoro h3tbk- 
HaTH aji6aHCKH KynTypHH fleiniH h yneHH n Ha aji6aHCKHa Hapofl, kohto CMaTaT, ne 
CJiaBaHHTe b Aji6aHHa ca 6tJirapH" (Eoa/pKHeB 1997: 125). Ha npaKTHKa bchhkh 
flOKJia^H Ha Cp. nonneTpoB h /jpyrHre ynpaBJiaBamn jieraHnaTa hh b Aji6aHna ca 
CBT>p3aHH c >KejiaHneTO 3a nocTnraHe Ha o6yneHne Ha 6tJirapcKn e3HK b ynHJinma- 
Ta (B)K. Ejifl-bpoB 2000). npe3 1945 r. e no/nnicaHa aji6aHO-iorocjiaBCKa cnoroa- 
6a, cnopefl KoaTO b HaKOH 6tJirapcKH cena b Aji6aHna, b t.h. h b Tojio Btpflo, ce 
OTBapaT „MaKe/jOHCKH" ynnjinma, kohto (jjyHKHHOHHpar p,o 1948 r. (TauieB 1994: 
147-149) (pa3MHHaBaHe c ro/jHHHTe, kohto H. JiHMaHOCKH noconBa). T. Boafl>KHeB 
TBtp^n, ne MaKe^OHCKO ynnjinine npe3 noconeHHTe Tpn ro/jHHH e HMajio caMO b c. 
Bop6Hnna h to e 3aKpnTO, nopa/ni Jinnca Ha HHTepec (Eoa/pKHeB 19976: 125-126). 
npe3 1992 r. anea o6aBaBaHeTO Ha He3aBHCHMa Peny6jinKa MaKeaoHna (npe3 1991 
r.) ce no/niHCBa MaKeflOHO-aji6aHCKa cnoro/j6a 3a OTBapaHe Ha „MaKe/jOHCKH" ynn- 
jrama b Tojio Etpao, ho npn ycnoBHe, ne TOBa 6i>ae noncKaHO ot MecTHnre acHTe- 
jih. TaKHBa ynnjinma h p,o /jHec He ca OTBopeHH (TameB 1994: 147-149). 

KaKTO 6eme OT6ejia3aHO, MaKe/jOHCKHaT khh^kobch e3HK ce e H3ynaBa.ii b Tojio 
Btpflo cnefl nojiHTHnecKOTO peraeHne 3a HeroBOTO CT>3flaBaHe npe3 1 944 r. h ko/jh- 
(jjHHHpaHeTO h o6aBaBaHeTO My 3a ocjjHHHaneH e3HK Ha Hapo^Ha peny6jiHKa Ma- 
KeflOHHa b ctCTaBa Ha Oe/jeparHBHa Hapo/jHa peny6jiHKa lOrocjiaBHa npe3 1945 
r. H BepoaTHO b TOBa e ronaMa nacT ot npo6jieMa - npe/jH 1945 r. 3a >KHTejiHTe 
Ha Tojio Btpflo npocTO TaKOBa noHaTHe KaTO „MaKeflOHCKH e3HK" He e ctmecT- 
ByBano. Jlfiec o6ane ctmecTByBa He3aBHCHMa fltp^KaBa MaKe/jOHHa tohho c to3h 

0(j)HHHajieH KHH>KOBeH e3HK, HHeTO CbCeflCTBO Bene e flOCTaTtHHO CHJieH (jjaKTop, 

BJiHaem, h Btpxy caMOonpe/jejiaHeTO Ha HaKOH ot rojio6i>pflHH: „A CTe 6yrapn BHe 
hjih CTe MaKe/jOHHH? KaKBH CTe? Memo MaKedouifu... Cre6.neBO BHKaT 6yrapn ne 

112 



ca. He, He Mourn da 6udem, Hue cjue 6jiu3ko eona na Jiuuunea c MamdoHun, Padyn 
hu demon. " iM Kaicro OT6ejia3Ba h IJ,. TpnecKH, BJinaHHeTO Ha MaKeflOHHa e MaHH- 
(jjecTHpaHO tbkmo npe3 6jiH30CTra Ha TepHTopnaTa flo MaKeflOHCKO-an6aHCKaTa 
rpaHHHa (TpnecKH 2006: 59-60). 

Oica3Ba ce, ne HfleHTHHHOCTra Ha rojioGtpflHH, nocTaBeHa Ha MeatflyfltpataB- 
hoto nojie Meatfly EtJirapna h flHeniHaTa P MaKeflOHHa, e Btnpoc Ha H36op: „H. 
0. 3anjo (MaKeflOHHa - 6. m. B. T.) um bade uikojio na JuaKedoHuume eo Hpecna... 
r. 77. Tue cu so 6apae, Hue ne caxaeMe MdKedoncKu, cade dyzapcKo, co Tpeduuja 
ujuajue unaKo, Cmedjieeo, runeeu, Kjieme 36opuMe dyzapcKo, ujo so pasdupajue 
cee, a mue ffoKenuuja... noeme 36opea na ManedoHCKu. " iM (3a6. ^atennma e cpefl 
rojioGtpflCKHTe ce.ua Ha TepHTopnaTa Ha flHenma P MaKeflOHHa.) Moate fla ce 3a- 
kjhohh, ne TpaflHHHOHHO npeflaBaHOTO 3HaHHe 3a EtJirapna h 6tJirapcKHa e3HK b 
KOJieKTHBHaTa naMeT ce ynoTpe6aBa Karo HHCTpyMeHT b „6op6aTa" 3a HfleHTHH- 
hoct. MaKap ne A. Cmht roBopn 3a HaHHOHajmaTa (a He 3a eTHKHedtara) HfleHTHH- 
hoct, toh onepTaBa flBa noflxofla, kohto 6nxa Moran fla ce OTHecaT h kbm o6ihhoct- 
Ta ot Tojio Btpflo: eflHHHaT noflxofl pa3rae»tfla Bpt3Kara Ha HHflHBHfla c HaHHaTa 
Karo H36op, flpyrnaT - KaTO npHHafljieatHOCT (Cmht 2000: 25-27). 3a rojio6i>pflHH 
6tJirapcKHaT npoH3xofl e aceH, ho nopaflH cjioatHara HCTopHiecKa ctflGa, Kaicro h 
nopaflH HOBHTe nojiHTHKO-fl'bptftaBHH npoHecH Ha BanKaHHTe, BepoaTHO Moate fla 
ce roBopn b no-rojiaMa ereneH hmchho 3a CHTyaHHa Ha H36op. H Ta HaMnpa koh- 
KpeTeH H3pa3 HanpHMep b opraHH3aHHH - KyjiTypHH h hojihthhcckh flpyatecTBa 
Ha 6tJirapHTe b Aji6aHHa („HBaH Ba30B", „IIpocnepHTeT Tojio Btpflo") h TaKHBa 
Ha MaKeflOHijHTe b Aji6aHHa („Iipecna", „BpaTCTBo" (Ha MaKeflOHHHTe ot Tojio 
B-bpflo), „ropa"), CBinecTByBamH h pa6oTeiHH napajiejiHO, ynoTpeGaBamn cxoahh 

MOfleJIH H nOflXOflH. 

EflHa cojiHflHa nacT ot HaynHHre H3CJieflBaHHa noKa3Ba, ne HfleHTHHHOCTra ma 
CBoaTa 3HanHMOCT KaTO MHoroo6pa3He ot KaTeropH3aHHH Ha HHflHBHfla ot CTpam 
Ha A3-a h flpyrnre, kohto ce npoMeHaT b 3aBHCHMOCT ot CHTyaHHHTe h BJinaaT 
Btpxy noBefleHHeTO (B»t. yefirtpT 1990: 133). OKa3Ba ce, ne cpefl rojio6i>pflHH 
ctmecTByBa BtTpenma KaTeropH3aHHa, CBi>p3Bama H36opa Ha eTHHnecKa HfleH- 
thhhoct c pejinrH03HaTa npHHafljie>KHOCT: „Hue CMe numupeuce e nem zodunu, 
Ram aoeopuiu - da me numam neKou ajidancKu, 6yzapcKu eenuM. Kypce dpyzune 



328 TeoprH rinayiuKO, p. 1940 r. b c. KneHte, o6p. 4 kji., MaficTop, pa6oTHn bi>b <J>a6pHKa, 
He e HanycKan Kjiem,e, c. KneHte, 05.06.2008, 3an. B. ToH^eBa. 

329 HoBaHKa <J>hjii,okh, p. 1962 r. b c. CTe6neBO, o6p. 8 kji., pa6oTHna b KoonepaTHBa, ot 
1989 r. b TiipaHa, cera HMa nacTeH Mara3HH; Tpo3fla IIonH (IIonocKa), p. 1958 r. b c. CTe6- 
neBO, o6p. 8 kji., pa6oTHJia b KoonepaTHBa, ot 2 roflHHH acHBee b JJyptc (/Jpan) (flpan), 
OMtaceHa b tpGene; rp. TiipaHa, 02.04.2008, 3an. B. ToH^eBa, K. PaHroneB. 

113 



opmodoKcuee eejinm ManedoHCKu. Hue - dyzapcKu, no cmapo mana ocmanamo. " 3i0 
Ta3H 3aaBKa H3HCKBa aonbJiHHTejiHO /jeTaMjiHO npoyHBaHe - b 6ajncaHCKHa Kyn- 

TypHO-HCTOpHHeCKH KOHTdCCT T03H nOflXOfl 3a CbOTHaCflHe Ha peJIHrHa H eTHHH- 

hoct HMa pe/niHa npHMepn h b to3h cmhcbji e Bt3MO>KHO 3a ce Ha6jnoaaBa TaKOBa 
BvrpeiiiHO pa3CJioeHHe, He3aBHCHMO ot c/jhhctboto Ha rpynara h ctmecTByBa- 
maTa pejinrH03Ha TOJiepaHTHOCT. Bcmhhoct, HHTepectT kt>m HjjeHTHHHOCTTa Ha 
rojioGtpflHH e HaconeH b no-irmaMa CTeneH icbm HannHHTe Ha H3pa35raaHeTO h h 
b no-Manica - klm ctmHOCTHaTa h ocHOBa (Kaicro OT6ejia3Ba B. TaHeBa-PaHHeBa, 
TOBa e eTHOJio^KKa TeH/jeHHHa b nocjie^HHTe ro#HHH, B>k TaHeBa-PaHHeBa 2004: 
1 8). B H3acHHBaHeTO Ha napaMeTpHTe h acneKTHTe Ha H/jeHTHHHOCTra Ha rojioGtp- 
3HH to3h TeKCT ce flOBepaBa HMeHHO Ha TexHHa co6cTBeH „o6pa3" 3a ce6e ch. KaTO 
nacT ot Ta3H „BH3Ha" e h npe/jCTaBara Ha apyrnre 3a Tax. Ho He H3ica3aHa ot Te3H 
,„rpyrH", a othobo ot Tax caMHTe. 

3a KOJieKTHBHaTa hachtkhhoct e Ba>KHO kojikoto nyBCTBOTO 3a „npHHa/uie>K- 
hoct icbm", TOJiKOBa h HyBCTBOTO 3a „pa3JTHHHe ot" (B)k. KptCTeBa 1995: 112), h 
tt>h KaTO Ta ce ocHOBaBa Ha cb3HaHHeTO Ha rpynara 3a ce6e ch, ho h icaro npeHeH- 
Ka h onncaHHe ot ppyrine, to Ha30BaBaHCTO „otb , bh" e Ba>KHa nacT ot Ta3H npe/j- 
CTaBa Ha /jpyrHTe. Cnope/i caMHTe rono&bpp,u,w, Te ca 6hjih HapnqaHH „6tJirapH" 
b MHHajiOTo: „.. Koza CMe cnezeanu Hue e cejio, onue Ke odea na dpyzo ceno, nac 
ne 3hcim 3aujo hu euKax - 6ymapume da cjie3am, a6e dyzapu " 331 , Taica rn HapHnar 
h flHec: „..apHaymume dyzapifu euKam nac, eejinm - dyzapu cme, apnaymume xa- 
OKam na andancKu u hu eejinm dyzapu, ne hu eejinm MaKedouuu... " 332 . ToBa Ha30- 
BaBaHe othobo ce o6Btp3Ba c e3Hica KaTO Ba>KeH CHrHH(|)HKaHTeH 6ejier: „uaMU hu 
eejinm dynzapu, Ce sdopeum apuaymcKu uosuk - nac hu euKam dynzapcKo, oee, ufo 
zoeopujue Hue dynzapcKo. " 333 

B roflHHHTe Ha ,,/jeMOKpaHHa" o6ane ce Hajiara h ome e/jHO, Bene no-flHCTaH- 
HnpaHO Ha30BaBaHe: „A cera aji6aHHHre BHKaT jih bh, ne ere GtJirapn? He eu- 
Kam 6-bJizapu, zono6-bpduu. Toea suanu, ne hmkoksu maKuea - danu Mamdonuu 
ujiu 6-biizapu, ne Mozam da npeueHHtn - zojio6i>pduu. " 334 H36opi>T Ha HauHOHajmo 
HeyTpanHO Ha30BaBaHe 335 OTpa3aBa ot e/jHa CTpaHa npoMeHHTe b HacTpoeHHeTO 
Ha aji6aHCKOTO mho3hhctbo kt>m o6iHHOCTTa ot Tojio Etp/jo, ho ot flpyra, tbh 



330 Ca(J)eT Ihhh, 31.03.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

331 BaMpaM Ey3HOB, 17.06.2007, c. Cre6neBO. 

332 AMezi TaMH3H, 02. 06.2008, c. CTe6neBO. 

333 EcaT Thhh, 02.06.2008, c. CTe6neBO. 



334 AjiMa HayuiH, 30.03.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

335 OTHHTaiiKH /iHBepreHTHOCTTa b eTHHHecicaTa H^eHTiraHOCT Ha acHTenHTe Ha Tono Etp- 
AO, b TeKCTa ch Maice,z;0HCKHflT eTHOnor JJ. TpnecKH ci>iho rn Ha30BaBa rojio6i>p/;HH (Tp- 
necKH 2006). 

114 



KaTO flOCTa necTO h caMHTe Te b rpaflCKHa kohtckct Ha CTOJiHHara TnpaHa (kb/jcto 
ca MHrpnpajiH) ce Ha30BaBaT „rojio6i>pflHH", e CHMnroMarHiHO h 3a eflHH flpyrn 
TeHfleHiniH - Ha H3aBaBaHe Ha pernoHajiHOTO h jiOKajiHOTO 3a CMeTKa Ha HanHO- 
HajiHOTO hjih eTHHHecKOTO. B ycjiOBHATa Ha rao6ajiH3aHHa ce roocTpa CB3HaHHeTO 
3a pernoHajiHa h jiOKajma npHHafljieacHOCT. B TnpaHa HanpHMep ctmecTByBa op- 
raHH3aijHa „3a Cre6jieBo", H3flaBama cboh bccthhk („Cre6jieBo" 336 ) Ha aji6aHCKH 

e3HK, C nepHOflHHHH OKCMeCeHHH H35IBH BtB BH3yajIHH ajl6aHCKH MeflHH. EkCHJIH- 

HnpaHeTO Ha jiOKajiHHa nporoxofl ohcbhaho e Baaoio 3a cbxpaHaBaHe Ha cb3HaHH- 
eTO 3a npHHa/rjieacHOCTTa kbm msctoto. A b aji6aHCKara e3HKOBa h KymypHa cpe/ja 
Ha CTOJiHHaTa onacHOCTra TOBa cb3HaHHe fla ce pa3MHe hjih fla 6i>fle H3ry6eHO e 
rojiaMa. JIoKajiHHTe h perHOHajiHHTe hachtkhhocth cbiho ca uinpoKO pa3npoc- 
TpaHeHH, tt>h KaTO jiOKajiHSMtT h perHOHajiHSMtT npHTeacaBaT cbohctbo 3a o6e- 
jjHHaBar. MaKap, ne, KaKTO OT6ejia3Ba A. Cmht, pernoHHTe jiecHO ce pa3naaar Ha 
no-MajiKH TepHTopHH, a Te - Ha OTflejiHH cejinraa (Cmht 2000: 14). 

IlOCJieflHHaT BtnpOC, CBI>p3aH C HfleHTHHHOCTTa Ha 06lHH0CTTa b Tojio Etp/io, 

kohto me ce pa3raefla b to3h tckct, e CBi>p3aH c npo/rynHpaHeTO Ha co6cTBeHa 
MHTOJiorna KaTO HHCTpyMenr b npoueca Ha KOHCTpynpaHe hjih yTBtpacflaBaHe Ha 

HfleHTHHHOCT. KaKTO OT6eJIfl3Ba H. ApeTOB, „BCaKa HfleHTHHHOCT Ce 0(j)OpMa OKO- 

jio HaKaKBO udeumucpuKaifuoHHO ndpo, kocto BKJuoiBa 6ejie3H 3a OTJiniaBaHe, 3a 
Tt^KflecTBeHOCT h HenpeKBCHaTOCT, KOflnpaHH b HaKaKBa, Ka3aHO HaH-o6iHO, MH- 
TOJiorna. Ta Moace fla ce OTKpne KaKTO npn HH/niBHfla, TaKa h npn o6iHHOCTTa 
(ApeTOB 2001: 18-19). B cnynaa HHrepnpeTHpaHeTO Ha uinpoKO pa3npocTpaHe- 
hh cpefl rojio6i>pflHH HapaTHBH KaTO CBoeo6pa3Ha MHTOJiorna e b „no/rKpena" Ha 
co6cTBeHara 3HaHHMOCT, pecn. Ha co6cTBeHaTa HJieHTHHHOCT. IIo OTHoraeHHe Ha 
eflHa ot xapaKTepncTHKHTe Ha eTHHiecKara o6hj,hoct - HajiHineTO Ha cnoflejieHH 
HCTopHnecKH cnoMeHH, A. Cmht OT6ejia3Ba, ne Te Morar fla npneMaT (jjopMara Ha 
mht. Bcbihhoct, 3a MHoro npe/TMOflepHH HapoflH rpaHHHaTa Meatfly mht h HCTopna 
necTO e 3aMi>rjieHa hjih flopn He cbinecTByBa (Cmht 2000: 37). 

B cjiynaa TOBa pa3MHBaHe ce H3pa3aBa b hctophhcckh HeacHO (hjih no-CKopo 
MHTOJiorHHHo) npHno3HaBaHe Ha h3bccthh h 3HaiHMH jihhhocth KaTO npoH3xoac- 
flamn ot Tojio Btpflo. Oco6eHO npeflnoiHTaH e pa3Ka3i>T 3a Myeracjja KeMaji Ara- 
TiopK 337 - ocHOBarejiaT Ha MOflepHaTa TypcKa fltpacaBa. Cnopefl ocjjHHHajiHara 6h- 
orpacjjna Ha ArariopK toh e pofleH npe3 1881 r. b CojiyH. OojiKJiopHHTe HapaTHBH 
b c. CreGjieBO o6aqe npeflJiaraT flpyra Bepcna 3a npoH3xofla My. B Tax ce pa3Ka3Ba 



336 flpy ra opraHH3ai;Ha H3JiaBa BecTHHK „roJio Etpzio". 

337 OcBeH ATaTKtpK, c npoH3xoji ot Tojio Ei>pjio b MecTHHTe HapaTHBH npnctCTBaT h 6paTa 
MnjiajiHHOBH. TaKaBa HHiJiopMaHHfl aaBa h H. JlHMaHOCKH, cnopeji KoroTO TexHHTe JiejiH 
ca >KHBejiH b CTe6jieBO, ho b Kpaa Ha 18 - HanajiOTO Ha 19 b. ce npecejiBaT b CTpyra nopa- 
jih HCJiflMH3auH>iTa h HaTHCKa, kohto hm e OKa3BaH (JlHMaHOCKH 1992: 29). 

115 



3a CTe6jieBCKH MaficTop Ha HMe Ajih BajiH (ot poaa EajieBHH), kohto pa6oTeji b 
HcTaH6yji. IiHeHKH b earn MexaHa, ot ctce/nia Maca TypHHH „juy nodapan" Mafi- 
Kara h b h36jihk Ha iriaB MaficToptT ro y6nBa. ApecTyBaT ro h ro Boaar npn „npe- 
3HfleHTa ATaTypKo", kohto ro nnra: „ Ujo cmopu, ujo uanpaeu, cu y6un noeeK. 1 " 3iS 
Gnea, o6acHeHHaTa Ha Ajih BajiH ynpaBHHKbT My Hajiara TBtpne oco6eHO h jieKO 
HaKa3aHHe, kocto He e aneKBarHO Ha H3Bi>pHieHOTO aeaHHe, 3aniOTO ce OKa3Ba, ie 
MaficToptT h npe3HJieHn>T ca ot eaHO h cbiho cojio: „Tu cu om Cmedneeo - na mu 
oeue napu da mu nanpaum neutMama na (pujinn Mecmo. Mh3 cyju cmedneecKu - My 
penel 3a deaucem u nemupu caama da ce m-bpznuui om eo Typuux. (...) M My bade 
deanaecem nanojibonu anm-bn, u my pene -da mum nanpaum neutMama na <Pumn 
- Tep3iiuua ce euKa. R nanpaewi, mhozo y6aea. " 339 B Moaejia Ha ycTHO npeaaBaHa- 
Ta HCTopna apcTOBepHOCTra Ha to3h pa3ica3 ce noTBi>p>KaaBa ipe3 nporoxoaa Ha 
3HaHneTO 3a Hea: „H3 oea ucmopun n 3naM om eden cmapeu, ujo yMpe Ha cmo zo- 
duHU. KepuM EondoKUH. (...) KepuM eyMpen na meiicem u edna zoduna (npe3 1961 
r. 6. m.) " 340 , KaKTO h ot caMara leuiMa KaTO 3HaK 3a HCTHHHOCTTa Ha cjiyiHJiHTe ce 
Cb6nTHa (TaxaBa HemMa aeHCTBHranHO ctmecTByBa b CreGjieBO, ho e o6HOBeHa c 

MOflepHa KOHCTpyKHHs). 

C MycTacjja KeMaji ATaTiopK h MecTHaTa tohomhhhh e CBi>p3aHa h HCTopnaTa, 
kosto npeaaBa H. JiHMaHOCKH. Ta e pa3Ka3aHa ot 68-roaiiiHHHa Ha3H(j) Hypa ot c. 
CreGjieBO, miBeem b rp. TnpaHa, h e npepa3Ka3aHa ot peaoicbopa Ecar Mncjiny 

pOflOM OT CbUIOTO C&JIO. B Hea CbHIO CKOKCTBT e CBT>p3aH C Tpa/HIHIIOHHOTO 3HaHHe 

3a noTeicnoTO Ha ATaTiopK ot CtcGjicbo. Cjiea, KaTO roaHHH Hape/i CTe6jieBiaHH- 
hbt U,eHKO MycTacjja (ot JlecKa Maajia) pa6oTH b CojiyH Karo Kocan h ce Bptma b 
poflHOTO ch cejio BeflHi>}K ro/HHHHO, toh B3eMa peiueHHe aa HanycHe Tojio Etpno 
c HajiOTO ch ceMeficTBO - c poaHTCHHre, aceHa ch, aBaMaTa ch CHHa h HerapHTe 
ch fltmepn. Chhi>t Ha e/niffliaT ot chhobctc My e oco6cho 6yaeH, toh 3aBi>puiBa 
BoeHHara aKaaeMHa b HcTaH6yji. ToBa bct>hihoct e MycTacjja KeMan, no-KbCHO 
HapeieH Amamypno. 

Mi>}KeTe ot CTe6jieB0 necTO ntiyBaT b H3MHp, AHKapa, HcTaH6yji, KtaeTO 
pa6oTaT KaTO arojirepH 341 . ^lOJirepcKa rpyna CTe6jieBHaHH ce cpenia c ATaTiopK, 
pa6oTeiiKH b pe3HneHHHaTa My (a pa3no3HaBaHeTO CTaBa qpe3 e3HKa). Cnen, yc- 



338 Emhh MypaTH, p. 1934 r. b c. CTe6jieB0, o6p. 4 kji., pa6oTHJi b chbtobojictbo, ot 1991 
r. >KHBee b TnpaHa; 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa, 3an. K. PaHroneB, B. ToH^eBa. 

339 Emhh Mypara, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

340 Emhh MypaTH, 04.04.2008, rp. TnpaHa. 

341 rojioGtpziHH ca H3BecTHH KaTO /nojirepn, pa6oTHJiH no^TH HaBcaiebjie Ha EanicaHHTe. 
IiHiJiopMaHHfl 3a TOBa ce ci>Ai>p>Ka b panopTa Ha J[. Hjihcb ot 9 MapT 1929 r., ny6jiHKyBaH 
ot Cb. Ejijii>pob (B>k. EjijjbpoB 2000: 180-183), KaKTO CBHjjeTejiCTBa h M. Ohjihhobhh 
(B>k. OHnHnoBHh 1940: 48-50). 

116 



TaHOBaBaHe Ha oGmiia npowsxop, ot Tojio Etp/jo h kohkpctho ot CTe6jieBO, Ara- 
TiopK nHTa no3HaTa jih e (JpaMHJiHaTa MycTacjja b cojioto. HCTopnaTa npo/rbJi>KaBa 
c TOBa, ne b CreGjieBO H,chko Myeracjoa He 6hji 3a6paBeH, ocTarmHTe Ha KtmaTa 
My CToejiH, 3Haejia ce flopn HHBaTa My - „H,eHKOBa 6yica". KyjiMHHaHHa Ha pa3Ka3a 
e MOJi6ara Ha Myeracjja KeMan p,a ce na3H /ja/iOBara My KBma, tbh KaTO toh ihhji 
fla ch flOH^e HaKora. HHBaTa 3aptHBa p,a ce fla^e Ha HaH-6e,THHa hobck. Ot ToraBa 
HHBaTa ce npe/jaBa ot hobck Ha hobck, a ochobhtc Ha KLmara CToax Koraro pa3- 
Ka3BaHtT Ha npe/jaHHeTO 3anoHBa p,a ch CTpon Kbma, peiuaBa 3a ch B3eMe HaKOJiKO 
KaMtKa ot pyHHHTe, ho 6ama My ro cnnpa c jxyMHTQ, ne TOBa e HeHKOBara Kbma, 
Ta He Tpa6Ba 3a ce pa3Typa, tt>h KaTO co6ctbchhkbt h me ce BtpHe HaKOH aeH. 
TaKa 3aBT>pma HCTopnaTa - ATaTiopK TaKa h HHKora He ce BtpHaji. OrHHmeTO My e 
noKpHTO c TpeBa, ho KaMi>HHTe CToaT h ro naKar... (JlHMaHOCKH 1992: 29-30). 

B KaneKTHBHara naMeT to3h pa3Ka3 e npHfloGnji hcthhhoct. B hctophhcckhtc 
H3TOHHHHH TaKaBa HH(j)opMaHHa He ce OTKpHBa, nporoxofltT Ha poaa Ha ATaTiopK 
ot Iono Btpflo He e KOMenrHpaH ot 6Horpa(j)HTe My (b>k. BajiKaHCKH 1996) 342 , ho 
He3aBHCHMO flajiH e hctophhcckh KopeKTeH, ckokctbt e Ba^KeH 3a oGmHocrra, 3a- 
ihoto e o6o3HaHaBam h b HaKaKbB cmhcbji OHeHHOCTaBam. A TOBa othobo e CBtp- 
3aHO c HneHTHHHOCTra Ha rono&bpjmw, etc cjio^khhtc npoHecn Ha KOHCTpyHpaHe- 

TO HJIH yTBtp^KflaBaHCTO H. 

Ot bchhkh pa3MHiujieHHa, ot bchhkh KaTeropHHHH hjih pa3KOJie6aHH no3HHHH 
MO>Ke fla ce Ka>Ke, ne eTHHnecKara h/jchthhhoct 3a oGmHOcrra b Tojio Etp/jo e Ba- 
>KHa, Ta e opraHH3Hpam,o noHaTHe, Ta e KarajrH3aTop 3a MexaHH3MHTe, /jeHCTBamH 
b o6ihhocthoto KOJieKTHBHO caMOOCb3HaBaHe h caM03aaBaBaHC Ho Ta e h npouec, 
kohto npoTHna h ppec h b hhcto „cjryHBaHe" ynacTBa h „MauKa Eyzapun ", c KoaTO 
rojioGtpflHH CBi>p3BaT npoH3xofla, HCTopnaTa h e3HKa ch. 



342 3a MecTHHTe pa3Ka3H, CBi>p3BaiHH MycTaiJia KeMan ATaTiopK c Tono Ei>p,n,o, cnoMeHaBa 
h P. LfBeTKOBa-neHeHHROBa (bmc. IjBeTKOBa-neHeHHKOBa 1993), ho th ce onnpa ci>mp na 
(JionKJiopHH HapaTHBH, a He Ha KOHKpeTHH HCTopH^ecKH CBezieHHa. 

117 



VI. 3AKJHOHHTEJIHH flYMH 

BtJirapHTe ot Tojio Etpao ^khboit Bene nonm cthh Bex aaMHHHCTparHBHO n 
TepHTopnajiHO b rpaHnnnTe Ha Aji6aHna (h icaro KpajiCTBO, h KaTO peny6jiHica). 
Tpa/nmnoHHara hm KyjiTypa, (JDyHRnnoHnpajia othochtcjiho nbjmoneHHO b roo- 
jinpaHO, 3aTBopeHO npocTpaHCTBO flo 1991 r., Bene ce TpaiiccjjopMHpa b flpyra no 
ran connoKyjnypHa cnereMa. MnrpannaTa b rpa/jOBeTe e npnnnHa 3a 3a6paBaHe 
Ha Tpa/niHHOHHHre necHH, Ha o6pe/jHOCTTa, Ha mccthhtc npHKa3KH h pa3Ka3H. 
CaMOonpe/jejiflHeTO o6ane ocTaBa. ,H,OKaTO e >khb cnoMenBT 3a npowsxop, ot Tojio 
Btpflo, 3aaBaBaHeTO Ha rojioGtpflHH KaTO (eTHnnecKn, c3hkobo, KyjiTypHo) pa3- 
jihhhh, m,e ro HMa. 

3a Hac Ta3H oGiuhoct 6e3cnopHO e GtJirapcica. Ho npe/jaBaHOTO no Tpa^nnna 
3HaHne 3a GtJirapcKH npoH3xofl He caMO He H3ianoHBa Heo6xoflHMOCTTa ot H3yna- 
BaHeTO Ha MecTHaTa KyjiTypHO-HCTopnnecKa naMeT, ho h ro npeBptma b HMnepa- 
thb 3a GtJirapcKaTa atp^aBa, 3a Gt-nrapdcara HayKa, 3a BceKH jno6o3HaTejieH 6t>ji- 
rapHH, Han-ManKOTO 3am oto HMa 3HaneHne 3a caMara oGiuhoct Ha rojioGtpflnHTe. 
3amoTO 3a nonTH e/jnH BeK ot 1912 r. HacaM MHoro6poHHHre npoMeHH, Ha kohto e 
noflJio^KeHa oGjiacrra, He ca ycnejin j\a. H3TpnaT Gt-nrapmnHara b Hea. Te ca o6ane 
(jjaKTop 3a pa3KOJie6aBaHe Ha eTHOKynTypHara n e3HKOBa nflenrnHHOCT, cpe/ja 3a 
(jjopMnpaHe Ha hobh nflenraHHOCTH. 

3aTOBa Bpt3KaTa c HauiHTe cbHapo/jHHnn b Aji6aHna He 6nBa p,a ce ry6n, a 
Tpa6Ba HenpecTaHHO p,a ce no/jHOBaBa. 3a HaKon HHTarejin Ta3H KHHra e 3ano3- 
HaHCTBO c Tax, 3a flpyrn - nope/ma cpeina, a 3a caMHTe Gturapn ot Tojio Etpao e 
Bt3MO)KHOCT p,a ch npnnoMHaT MHoroBeKOBHOTO poflCTBO c BtJirapna, 3anenaTaHO 
b Tpa/jHnHOHHHTe hm 3HaHHa h KyjiTypa. 



118 



VII. JIHTEPATYPA 

AjiGamiH h ajiGaHCKHTe HaeHTHHHOCTH 2000: AjiGamia h aji6aHCKHre hjtchthh- 

hocth. H3CJieflBaHHa, cbct. A. 3Keji5i3KOBa, MHJIMKB, C. 

AjiMaHax 2001: AjmaHax Ha /ipy>KecTBO „OrHHme" - KyjrrypHO-npocBeTHO flpy- 

}KecTBO, BtJirapHTe b AjiGamia h Kocobo, T. 1, C. 

AjiMaHax 2005: AjiMaHax Ha /ipy>KecTBO „OrHHme" - KyjiTypHO-npocBeTHO flpy- 

>KecTBO, BtJirapHTe b AjiGamia h Kocobo, T. 2, C. 

ApeToe, H. 2001: EajncaHCKH H/jeHTHHHOCTH b GtJirapcKara Kymypa ot MO^epHa- 

Ta enoxa (XIX-XX Beic). Ki>m nocTaHOBKaTa Ha npo6jieMa. - B: BajiKaHCKH h/jch- 

thhhocth b GtJirapcKara KyjiTypa ot MoaepHara enoxa (XIX-XX bck), h. 1, C, 

5-53. 

AceHoea, II. 1997: Ei>jirapo-aji6aHCKH HHrepcjjepeHHHH b Eojio Gtp/jo, Aji6aHHH. 

- B: BtJirapHTe h3bt>h BtJirapna. C6opHHK c MaTepnajiH ot MOK/xyHapo/jeH chm- 

no3nyM Byprac - iohh 1997, Bcjihko TtpHOBO, 124-127. 

AceHoea, II. 2005: Mccthh HMeHa ot Eojio 6i>pflO, CeBepoH3TOHHa AjiGamia. - B: 

E3HKOBeflCKH npoyHBaHHa b naMeT Ha npocj). HopaaH 3aHMOB, C, 41-53. 

AuiTajiKOCKa, A. 2006: IIpefl6paHHH ceKcyajiHH o/jhoch bo Hapo/jHara KyjiTypa 

Ha Eojio Bpflo, Ta6y-TeMa h peajiHa cocTOj'6a. - B: Eojio Ep/jo. )Khbot Ha rpaHHHa, 

CKonje, MaKe^OHCKO cthojioihko flpyuiTBO - Ciconje, HHCTHTyr 3a eTHOJiornja h 

aHTponojiornja, 93-107. 

BajiKaHCKH, T. 1996: C 6i>JirapcKO HMe h c Gturapcica KptB, Bcjihko TtpHOBO. 

BeJio, M. 2004: E/jHa HapoflHa neceH ot c. Ctc6jicbo (Eojio Etpao, Aji6aHHa). - 

MaKe^OHCKH nperaefl, kh. 2, 117-120. 

Ejiaroee, E. 1999: Tpa/nniHOHHH npa3HHHH h o6nHaH Ha 6i>JirapHTe MiocioJiMaHH 

ot Eojio 6tpao (EbTOHHa Aji6aHHa). - EtJirapcKa eTHOJiornfl, kh. 3-4, 100-114. 

EoGee, A. 2004: Khh^kobho-cjjojikjiophh tckctobc b pticonHCH ot Hapo/jHara Bh6- 

jiHOTeKa „Cb. cb. Khphji h MeTO/nni". - B: Eo/hhhhhk Ha AcoHHaHHa 3a aHrpono- 

Jiorna, eTHOJiorna h (jjojiKJiopncTHKa „OHn>ji", T. 4, C, 205-211. 

EoGee, E. 1985: Elo Btnpoca 3a GtJirapcKOTO HaHHOHajiHO MajiHHHCTBO b Aji6a- 

HHa cjiejj Kpaa Ha rh>pBara CBeTOBHa BOHHa. - BeicoBe, N°4, 40-45. 

EoKoea, H. 1998: KyirrypHa h/jchthhhoct - o6pa3H Ha OTb^K/jecTBaBaHe h opa3- 

jiHHaBaHe. - EtJirapcKH (jjojiKJiop, kh. 1-2, 4-21. 

Eon/j/KiieB, T. 1997a: Ha eKcnejjHHHa b Eojio 6i>pflO. — EtJirapncTHKa h GtJirapH, 

kh. 3, 23-26. 

Eon/j/KiieB, T. 19976: EtJirapHTe b Eojio Etpflo (Aji6aHHa). - B: BtJirapHTe h3bi>h 

EtJirapna. C6opHHK c MarepHanH ot MOK/xyHapo/jeH CHMno3nyM Byprac - iohh 

1997, BejiHKO TtpHOBO, 124-127. 



119 



Eon/j/KiieBa, Ct., Cb. IleTKOBa 2003: JJ,en 3a nonnraHe Ha MtpTBHTe npn 6tJira- 

pHTe MK)CK)JIMaHH B TeTCBCHCKO. - EtJirapCKH (bOJIKJIOp, KH. 2-3, 45-69. 

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CGopHHK 3a Hapo^Hii yMOTBopeHHH 1890: C6opHHK 3a HapOflHH yMOTBOpeHHa, 

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TypcKH aoKyivieHTH 1976: TypcKH apKyMeHTH 3a HCTopHj'ara Ha MaKeapHCKHOT 
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<I>iiJiiiiiOBiin, M. 1940: Eojio Ep/jo. BejieuiKe HacejtHMa, nopeioiy CTaHOBHiHTBa 
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U,OHeBa, r. 2001: EpeGuiu (EpeGuiue, EpeGuiua - o6jiacT IleniKynHa) EpaaHHH- 
OHeH koctiom. KaueHaapHH npa3HHHH h oGniaH. - B: AjiMaHax Ha „OrHHiue" - 
KyjiiypHO-npocBeTHO apy>KecTBO, EtJirapuTe b AjiGamia h Kocobo, E. 1, C, 7-14. 
IJpBeHKOBCKa-PiicTecKa, H. 2006: CejiCKaTa 3aeaHHua h ceMejcTBOTO Kaj MaKe- 
aoHUHTe oa flejiOT Ha Eojio Epao bo PenyGjimca Aji6aHHj'a bo coHujajiHCTHUKHOT 



125 



nepnofl. - B: Tojio Ep/ro. )Khbot Ha rpaHHua, CKonje, Maice/TOHCKO cthojiouiko 
ApyuiTBO - CKonje, HHCTHTyr 3a eTHanoriija h aHrponojiorHJa, 73-92. 
HtpHymaHOB, K. 1956: MaiceflOHCKH HapoflHH necHii, C. 

LUaiiKapeB, K. A. 1892: CGopmiK ot GtJirapcKH Hapo^HH yMOTBopemia. MacT 
BTopa - IIpocTOHapoflHa 6tJirapcKa (bHJiococbHfl hjih 6tJirapcKH Hapo/iHH npnicac- 
kh, BepoBaHHa, hocjiobhhh, raTaHKH, Hrpii h np. Ot/jcji I - EtJirapciai npnicacKH h 
BepoBaHHa c npiiGaBJieHiie Ha hckojiko MaKeflOHOBJianiKH h aji6aHCKH, KHHra VIII, 
CocjjHa, Cb6pan h H3flaBa K. A. LUanicapeB. 

LUaiiKapeB, K. A. 1968: C6opHHK ot 6i>JirapcKH Hapo^HH yMOTBopeHHH, T. 1, C. 
MHKOBa, B. 2003: „IIonoBCKaTa neceH" ot Oxpn^CKO h xpncTHSHroaHHaTa Ha 
eTHHHHHa xpoHOTon. - B: H3BecTHa Ha HCTopHnecKHa My3efi IIIyMeH, kh. 11, LLIy- 
MeH, 263-270. 

Barth, F. 1969: Ethnic groups and boundaries. The social organization of cultural 
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Baubock, R. 1988: Ethnizitat, Minderheiten und Staat. - In: Baubock, Rainer, 
Gerhard Baumgartner, Bernhard Perchinig, Karin Pinter (Hg.) . . . und raus bist Du! 
Ethnische Minderheiten in der Politik, Wien, Verlag fur Gesellschaftskritik, 3-22. 
Baubock, R., G. Baumgartner, B. Perchinig, K. Pinter (Hg.) 1988: . . . und raus bist 
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Bielefeld, U. 1992: Fremdenfeindlichkeit, kulturelle Diversiflzierung und Homo- 
genisierung. Die Virulenc des "Problems des Anderen" nach dessen Beendigung. 

- In: Ikus Lektures. Nr. 3-4, Institut fur Kulturstudien, 9-22. 

Brandl, R. M. 1993a: Ein ethnosemiotischer Ansatz zum "Kontext als Text" aus 
musikanthropologischer Sicht. - In: Danuser, Hermann, Tobias Plebuch (Hg.) 
Musik als Text. Bericht iiber den Internationalen Kongress der Gesellschaft fur 
Musikforschung Freiburg im Breisgau 1993, Band 1 - Hauptreferate, Sypmosien, 
Kolloquien. Kassel, Basel, London, New York, Prag, Barenreiter, 234-235. 
Dalos, G. 1998: In der Fremde wie zu Hause. - In: Entweder-und-oder. Vom 
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Danuser, H., T. Plebuch (Hg.) 1993 : Musik als Text. Bericht iiber den Internationalen 
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- Hauptreferate, Sypmosien, Kolloquien. Kassel, Basel, London, New York, Prag, 
Barenreiter. 

Dittrich,E. J.,F. O.Radtke (Hg.) 1990: Ethnizitat: Wissenschaft und Minderheiten, 

Opladen, Westdeutscher Verlag. 

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Traditionelle Musik von Minderheiten/ethnischen Gruppen / Traditional Music of 

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In: Echo der Vielfalt/Echoes of Diversity. Traditionelle Musik von Minderheiten/ 

ethnischen Gruppen / Traditional Music of Ethnik Groups/Minorities, Wien, 

Bohlau, 65-76. 

Greverus, I. M. 1995: Die Anderen und Ich: vom Sich Erkennen, Erkannt- und 

Anerkanntwerden; kulturanthropologische Texte, Darmstadt, Wissenschaftliche 

Buchgesellschaft. 

Greverus, I. M., K. Kostlin, H. Schilling (Hg.) 1988: Kulturkontakt Kulturkonflikt. 

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28. September bis 2. Oktober 1987, (Notizen - Die Schriftenreihe des Instituts 

fur Kulturanthropologie und Europaische Ethnologie der Universitat Frankfurt am 

Main),Teill,Teil2. 

Heckmann, F. 1992a: Ethnische Minderheiten, Volk und Nation: Soziologie inter- 

ethnischer Beziehungen, Stuttgart, Ferdinand Enke Verlag. 

Heckmann, F. 1992b: Ethnos, Demos und Nation, oder: Woher stammt die 

Intoleranz des Nationalstaats gegeniiber ethnischen Minderheiten? - In: Bielefeld, 

Uli (Hg.) Das Eigene und das Fremde: Neues Rassismus in der Alten Welt?, 

Hamburg, Hamburger Edition, 51-78. 

Hemetek, U. 2001a: Mosaik der Klange. Musik der ethnischen und religiosen 

Minderheiten in Osterreich, Schriften zur Volksmusik, 20, Wien, Verlag Bohlau. 

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Kontext der westslovakischen Volksliedkultur. - In: Echo der Vielfalt/Echoes of 

Diversity. Traditionelle Musik von Minderheiten/ethnischen Gruppen / Traditional 

Music of Ethnik Groups/Minorities, Wien, Bohlau, 201-213. 

Kraas-Schneider, F. 1989: Bevolkerungsgruppen und Minoritaten: Handbuch der 

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Pelinka, A. 1998: Das Ende der Fiktion. Multikulturelle Idylle oder Akzeptanz der 
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Austria Press, 71-79. 

Pettan, S. 1999: Minderheitenmusik und Instrumentalisierung. - In: Entweder- 
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Eva Milliner fur KulturKontakt Austria, Wien, Drava Verlag, 96- 101. 
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Fallstudie aus Kroatien. - In: Probst-Effah, Gisela (Hrsg) - Musik kennt keine 
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der Deutschen Gesselschaft fur Volkskunde e.V, Band 14, Essen, Die Blaue Eule, 
242-253. 

Reiterer, A. F. 1988: Periphere Identitat. - In: Baubock, Rainer, Gerhard 
Baumgartner, Bernhard Perchinig, Karin Pinter (Hg.) . . . und raus bist Du! Ethnische 
Minderheiten in der Politik, Wien, Verlag fur Gesellschaftskritik, 168-176. 
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Oxford, Providence. 

Thurner, E. 1994: Ethnizitat - Differenz aus Tradition. - In: Osterreichische Zeit- 
schrift fur Politikwissenschaft, 2, 163-175. 

Toncheva, V. noa nenaT: Bulgarians from Golo Bardo, Republic of Albania - 
Identity, Tradition, Music. - In: "Miscellanea Bulgarica", Wien. 
Tselikas, E. I. 1986: Minderheit und soziale Indentitiit: Soziale Wahrnehmung und 
Realitatskonstruktion bei Schweizer und Ausliinderkindern; Der Egookologische 
Ansatz und seine Anwendung, Konigstein, Verlag Anton Hain (Hochschulschriften: 
Sozialwissenschaften); 21. 



128 



VIII. nPHJIO^CEHHH 
1. IIECHH 

IleceHHHaT penepToap, 3anncaH ot ccnara Ctc6jicbo n KneHbe, e HOTHpaH kt>m 
TOHOBa ocHOBa „pe", Kaicro e npiieTO b 6tJirapcKOTO eTHOMy3HK03HaHHe (a b icpaa 
Ha BceKH npHMep e OT6ana3aHa a6cojnoTHara BnconHHa, ot kosto e H3m>jiHeH). Pe- 
fltT Ha necHHTe e ycnoBHO MapKHpam ,,/HiroKeHHeTo" ot oGpe^HH kt>m npa3HHHHH 
h BceKHflHeBHH necHH, ot no-CTapn kt>m no-HOBH nnacTOBe, ot no-apxaHHHH can- 
ckh necHH icbm no-HOBH rpa/jCKO-cejiCKH, rpa/jCKH h nonynapHn necHH, 3ayneHH 
npe3 mcthhtc 

Ba^KHO e fla ce otGcjiokh, ne /jeunHJjpaMHTe (hothhtc tckctobc) Ha necHHTe ca 
b HHKaKBa CTeneH CTHJiH3HpaHH no OTHomeHne Ha opHaMeHTHKaTa, tbh KaTO TOBa 
e ntpBOTO ny6jiHKyBaHe Ha necHH ot to3h pernoH h no npeneHica Ha 3anncBana b 
CJiynaa e no-BaacHO /ja 6i>ae ynoBeH „CKejieTBT" Ha neceHTa, a /jeTaHJiHOTO OTpa3a- 
BaHe Ha opHaMeHTHpaHeTO, HHTepnpeTannoHHHTe cneHncjjHKH h KOHicpeTHHa cthji 
Ha neeHe b H3BecTeH cmhckji 6nxa 3aTpy/ranjiH „neTHBHOCTTa" Ha npe/jCTaBaHHTe 
TyK neceHHH o6pa3nn. He Ha nocjie/nro mscto, to3h noflxofl npn HOTHpaHeTO e mo- 
THBnpaH h ot (jjaicra, ne neceHHaTa c6npKa Moace /ja nocnymi Ha caMaTa oGiuhoct 
Ha GtJirapnTe ot Tojio Btp^o 3a Bt3CTaHOBaBaHe h peBHTajiH3npaHe Ha necemma 
penepToap ot npoynBaHHTe comma, a Ta3n nyGjiHKanna e 3acera e/niHCTBeHOTO 
My (jjHKCHpaHe b nncMeH bh/j. 

TiopreBaeHCKH necHH 

1 . Ka>KH mh, Kami, p,e Mopn To^e 

2. Tpn roflHHH, EH/jeicaHO, nojieaic raeTa 

3. ^iHKyjia mh, CeKyjia mh 

4. AHryjia mh, pene, Ceicyjia mh 

5. 9l Ha 6opflO, coHne, a 3afl 6op/jo 

6. Mhjibct mh ce /jBa 6para po/uiHH 

7. Mhjibct mh ce flBa 6paTa pornHH 

8. CycTan Tiopo nofl ConyHa rpaaa 

9. Bora mojih p,a GonmaneKa /jeBOHica 

10. Bora mojiht, jiajieHO, GonmaHKa ^eBOHKa 

1 1 . EonmaK caica fleBonica 

12. MnraHO, Moa Mopn, 30JiBHne 



129 



CeaTSeHH iiecHii 

13. OfleTe co 3/ipaBbe, BOfleHHHapn 

14. 3aMecHBMe Jie6oHre, afi Haraa hcbccto 

15. Kofi th ro Kynn nopcTeHOT tboh 

1 6. Ke 6h CHHOHKa Ha CBaB^a 

17. JXeBoms 6ejiofi HtpBeHO, jiejie 

18. H3HHKHajIO (j)HJiaH flpeBO B fleBOHKHHH flBOpH 

19. 3aMecHBMe noranaTa 

20. PaflOCT HHHHJIO, CHHa )KeHHJIO 

21. Oh Mopn 6ejiafi norano 

22. Opn CBaKbe, Mopn, BeKHpniie 

23. Opo ce Biie Kpafi MaHacrapa 

24. TpncTa CBaroii nymaMe 

25. ,H,a th e mchbo 6a6o th, opn hcbccto 

26. J\o6pe flofiflOBTe, ope jihhhh npnaTejiH 

27. E Te o6jiaK, op hcbccto, h poca no Hero 

28. BecejiH ce, paayBafi ce, TaTKO ot aeTeHO 

29. Bhho nne, bhho eM paiaia 

30. IlyKHajia Mafiica, TpecHajia, Jiejie 

31. Mainajia, Jiena hcbccto, Mopii 

32. Chhoh cyM ce HajnoTHJia He cyM Benepajra 

33. MeceiHHa yrpeana b Haiun /niopH 

IleceH 3a ataca 

34. ,H,afi mh, Bo>Ke, THBKa poca 

,3,pyrH nt cum 

35. KiiHiicaji mh MnTpe p,a mh o/jh 

36. MnTpe omeji Ha TyrHHa 

37. IIIeTaT mh ce j\qtq a/jacaMHa 

38. KnHHcajia mh /jeBofiica 

39. HnKOJia oratji b MeaHe 

40. CnHaH 6er 6apaji HeBecTa 

41. ITo6apa mh CiceH/iep 6er 

42. CycTaHan 6e mh CionefiMaH, jiene 



130 



43. CycTaHan 6e mh CKraefiMaH bo nyero none 

44. CnpeMafi ch, cnpeMafi, afi myjien jie, 6op3HaHa kohs 

45. Mafiica JXsynnnm ayMame 

46. IIoca6epH, Ajihjib, noHaGepn 

47. BoJieH MH JIOKHT MJiafl CtOSH 

48. ®ara H^eT ot ,HyHaB Ha BO/ja 

49. Hen oh th opn U,BeTO, Mopn, opn apHayTKe 

50. Eh Mafiica Te 3a^ajio, fiopn Eiojibce, MHory Ha/janeicy 

51. CeBflanHHa MOMe, mo th raaBa 6ojih, Jiene 

52. CnHOHKa flofiflOB ot ryp6eT, Mafiico 

53. Oh CTOflHe, Mopn, MJiaa CroaHe 

54. Eneflafi Me, raeflafi, ceB/jo 

55. Oh th nnne, irane cokojiobo 

56. CToaHe Hae, /j^KaHbM, ot Eji6acaH 

57. Afi/je, afi/je, 6paTe, p,a BenepaMe 

58. Mafiica HMa e/jHO ne/jo 

59. Opn Mnrpo, Moa MHCJibO 

60. Opo 6e.nefie b pocHe jiHBarbe 

61. HaBajiH, /jeBofiico, HaBajiH 

62. Ajih ch flOMa, oh ^eBofiico, ann ch caMa 

63. EflHO irane 3aTBopeHO, oh GeH^acaM nnjieHO 

64. JiHBa/ja e pocHa 

65. Kami >Iho, ica^KH flymo, Koa Benep sa j\& flofi/ja 

66. 3acnana fl, a P a > npecnana, Jiene 

67. IIonaflHajie mh a36ne 

68. -3jih He th peicoc}), Mope ®aro, o^e He naicafi Me 

69. J\e fleBofiqe HtpHOKOCHHe 

70. EoneH jiokht MJiar Ctosh 

7 1 . Tpn roflHHH, KaTe, 6ojich Jieacax 

72. IlHJieHO mh nefie, 6pe MJiaaa hcbccto 

73. IIoTeM ch BtpBeme, MaMO, e/jHO jry/jo MJiaao 

74. Majiafi MOMe, ann 3Haem, MOMe, mo fie ceB^a 

75. CraHaB ch paHO npefl 3opa 

76. P03H, MaMO, ome eHO 6eicapa 

77. IIpoBeflJi mh CHJieH BeTap, Mopn, or Mope 

78. Cocj)Ha HMe roneMO 

79. CroaHHHe, Mopn, MJiaaa hcbccto 

80. Kpafi Bapaapo pocHa TpeBa pacHHT 



131 



81. J\& CTaHHiu lOTpefi no-paHO, e 6pe j\iKWbM 

82. KaM6aHa 6ne, MaMO, KaM6aHa 6iie 

83. JlejiHHa MOMe, Jiejiima Mopii jie 

84. IIponaflHajia Illap imaHHHa 

85. EHa HeBecTa Kanema 

86. EneHO MOMe, Ejicho 

87. Afifle, BOfleHHnape, comcjih mh )khtoto 

88. J\a. Te qyfie anaBeH K)HaK 



132 



JVel 



Rubato 




Ka - }KH Mil, 



Ka - 5KH. 



ae mo - pn 



ffi r iJ J- J ^ fN J J- J- ^P ^ : 



"ST 

ko - Jia 



ko - a 



Ka>KH mh, Ka>KH, j\q Mopii To/je, Koa e KOJia. 

Ako e KOJia, p,e Mopn To/je, TiopreBfleHOBa, 

fla mh flOHecHiu, js,e Mopii To/je, rpy/jKa Ma30Ba. 

Ako e KOJia, p,e Mopn To/je, HjiiinjeHOBa, 

fla mh flOHecHiu, p,e Mopii To^e, rpy/jKa cnpeHbe. 

Ako e KOJia, p,e Mopn To/je, MjrrpoB/jeHOBa, 

p,a mh flOHecHiu, p,e Mopii To^e, rpy/jKa CHeroBa. 

MupeemKa EaKUlia Aeywu, p. 1950 z, e c, Cmedneeo, o6n, Fojio 6bpdo, o6p. 4 Kjiac, 
padomujia e Koonepamuea; c. Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, A. sKanoe 

JV»2 



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40 



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HH. 



Tpn 



Eh - fle 




# 



— *- b J * p j J' J J J I J. J « - 

Eh - ne - Ka - flo, nyc - to ce no 



133 



Tpn roflHHH, EHfleKafio, nojieaK meTa 
bo TBoeHO, EHfleKafio nycTO ceno. 
nyero ceno, EH/jeicaHO, Op>KaHOBO. 
Hnr^e Te6e, EH/jeicaHO, Te He bh/jox, 

CaMO QJiHSLM, EHfleKaHO, Ce CTpeTHBMC 

CaMO ce CTpeTHBMe, EH/jeicaHO, b capaeHO, 

b capaeHO, EHaeKafio, b jiHBa/H>eHO. 

CoHHe hh yrpea, EHfleKafio, h Tyeica hh 3aMHHa, 

MeceHHHa HOBa /jon/je, EH/jeicaHO, h ce pa3/jejiHBMe. 

KnMUJia Hayuiu, p. 1950 z. e c, Cmedneeo, o6p. cpedno cneuuajino, padomuna e 
demcKa zpaduna, diocpem, nacmno, om 1998 z. otcueee e Tupana; MupeemKa EaKu- 
ua Aaywu; zp. Tupana, 30.03.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 

JV»3 




S 



i 



m 



^4 



5\w - Ky - jra mh. 



Ce - Ky 



mh ^H-Ky - jra 



* 




# 



MH 



- "h Ce 



Ky 



^iHicyjia mh, Ceicyjia mh II 
HtpBeHO mh bhho mieni II 
co Hero ce He Becejinui II 
- Mnna cecTpo AHrejiHHO, 12 
KaKO fla ce a Becena, II 
mo mh MeHe pa3TeKHajio, II 
ot BO/niTe 6pefi 3aMaHH. 
MHoro Jiyflo Me o^KeHaBTe, II 
hhi no-Jiy/io Me CBopuiHBTe, II 
Me nyuiHBTe Ha nopBHne. II 
Ch ofleBMe flyp bo ropa, 
flyp bo ropa HBaHOBa, 
jiHBa^a Bor^aHOBa 
h HaMepnxMe e/jHH BJiacn, 



134 



e/pm BJiacH e^HH ap6aHacn, 
e^HH TypijH, e^HH apmyTHH. 
Tiie MeHe MeHe mh 36opBefie 
e^HH BJiauiKH, e/jHH ap6aHaniKH, 
e^HH TypijKH, e^HH apHayTCKH, 
a He 3HaeM /j^Kynan /ja My /ja/ja 
hh th BJianiKH, hh ap6aHaniKH, 
HH Tyfi TypuKH, HH apHayTCKH. 
HeBecTa mh /pKynan /ja/je 
h Tyfi TypHKH, apHayTCKH, 
h Tyfi BJianiKH, ap6aHaniKH, 
-3 cnpoMaB ch He 3Haex 

HH TH TypHKH, HH apHayTCKH, 

hh th BJiauiKH, Ha ap6aHauiKH. 
OTHflOBMe TaMO, mh ce/jHae Ha /jho cocjjpa, 
Ha ho cocjjpa bo fleHara. 
5i onHTae HeBecTaTa: 

- Th OBe fleTe, 

ajiH th e Hafi-Man /jeBep, 

aJIH TH e OT KOMHIHe? 

Hhto mh e Hafi-Man fleBep, 

HHTO MH e OT KOMHIHe, 

TyKy mh e nopBH pn3HK, 

nOpBH pH3HK HeBeCTHHCKH. 

KfiMwia Haywu, MupeemKa EaKuifa Azymu, zp. Tupana, 30.03.2008, san. B. Toh- 
neea 

JV»4 

- Afflyna mh, pene, CeKyjia mh 
HtpBeHO mh bhho nneuie, 

co Hero ce He Becejinui. 

- Mopn cecTpo BaHrejiHHO, 
KaKO 3a ce a Bece.ua, 

hio mh MeHe pa3TeKHajio 
ot jiy^HTe 6pe 3aMaHH, 
mo Me JiyflO nocBopuiHa 
h Me JiyAO no^KeHHa. 
Me nouma Ha nopBHne 
co Moara 6pe HeBecTa 
h ofleBMe mo ch noo/jeBMe 

135 



flo Bop ropa HBaHOBa, 
jiHBa^a Eor/jaHOBa, 
ch HafiflOBMe e^HH BJiacn, 
e/jHH BJiacn ap6aHacH, 
eHH TypijH apHayTH, 
a cnpoMaB He ch 3hocb 
hh BJiauiKH, ap6aHauiKH, 
HH TypCKH, apHayTCKH. 
HeBecTaTa fl^KKraan aa/je 
OTH/joxMe y Mafiica fi, 
y MaMica M, y TaTKa fi, 
y Hefi3HHH fleBeT 6para. 
Me 3efloe, Me ce/jHae 
Ha e^HO cocjjpa bo fleHara, 
mh fla^oe (j)HJibfl>KaH icacjje, 
My ro Typncj) bo nenejibTa, 
mh /ja/joa naraa bhho, 
TaMO a Ha3a^ BpaTHB. 
5i onHTBeT HeBecTaTa 
Hen3HHHTe /jeBeT 6para: 

- Opn cecTpo, MHJia cecTpo, 

ajIH TH e OT KOMIHHfl, 

ajiH th e Hafi-Maji /jeBep? 

- Opn moh fleBeT 6para, 
nomo Bne Me nHTaBTe, 
a npaBO ica bh ica^Ka, 

He MH OT KOMHIHa, 

He mh e Han-Man aeBep, 

TyKy MH nOpBH pH3HK, 
nOpBH pH3HK HeBeCTHHCKH. 

Me 3efloe Me ce/jHae 
Ha e/jHO cocjjpa bo MoraiTe 
mh fla^oa (j)HJibfl}KaH icacjje, 
My ro H3nHB He ro BpaTHB, 
mh aa/joa naraa bhho, 
My a H3nHB He a BpaTHB. 

JlyitHpue Jluna, p. 1924 z. e c. Cme6neeo, o6n. Tono E-bpdo, 6e3 o6p., doMaKunn; 
ap, Tupana, 12.2008, 3an. X, u C, Tlupymu 



136 



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i ; ' -j / 



s^t=^ 



3aA Sop - no. 



a Ha 6op - ao, coh - ue, 



i# 



J J' J T 3 J -LJ J 



W^ O ST 

jth - Ba - m 



3sm Sop -no e 3e - jie- 



% Ha 6opflO, coHije, a 3a/j 6op/jo, 
sap 6opflo e 3&neHa jiHBa/ja. 
Ha jiiiBa/ja KO(j)H.nb 343 po KOJieHa, 

BO KOCJjHJIbO TpH fleBCT fiOTbpBC 

Pep pepea Ha Bopa pa opeT. 

Pep fie na^Haji Ha Hafi-MafieHKaHa, 

MafieHKaHa Emhhc /jeBofiice. 

- Op fiortpBe, Tpn peBeT fiorbpBe, 
mum aBH flpeBa h KaMeHa, 

a He 3HoaM Kope JJyiiaB Tene. 

- Op Emhho, Emhho /jeBofiico, 
JSynaB TenHT 3ap Ey/jHHa rpa/ja, 
JSynaB TenHT b 6yflHHCica jiHBa/ja. 

MupeemKa EaKuifa Aaytuu, c, Cme6neeo, 03.06.2008, 3<m. B. Tonneea, A. sKcuioe 

JV26 



Rubato 



♦ 



^ 



=^ 



m 



MHJT - BaT MH 
OT MH - HOC 



ce 

TH 



^Ba 6pa 
3aft - HO 



po - 
xe - 



W 
Ha 



HH 

He 



; TpeBa. TpeBa y6aBa. 



Mhjibct mh ce aBa 6paTa po/jaHH 
OT MHJIOCTH 3afiHO co >KeHafie, 

co >KeHafie h ce opemme. 
Merio hhmh e ceerpa OHrejiHHa, 



137 



mo KflpBee cecTpa a /jaBae, 
mo 3apBee cecTpa a ica>KBae. 
Ce MHCJieme CeicyjiHHa MJia/ja, 
Ka fla oflpniiaT cecTpa AHrejiHHa 

OP, HeH3HHHTe 6paTfl. 

H My pene Jiyreiueic CeKyjia: 

- IU,o th eropH cecTpa AHrejiHHa 
th CKopranjia ca6jia KeMepjiHa. 

- Ca6a mh e CTy/jeHO >Kejie30, 
a cecTpnija Tonna na3yBHiia. 

- IU,o th eropii cecTpa AHrejiHHa 
th ro 3aKJia TBoa 6op/j3a kohs. 

- KoHbOT mh e BOJiKOBa Benepa, 
a ceerpHHa Tonjia na3yBHHa. 
3aiaia HeH3HHOTO fleTe h My pene: 

- UJ,o th CTopn cecTpa AHrejiHHa 
th ro 3aKJia TBoe mo^kko JieTe. 
Htoh Beice... 

- Oh th cecTpo, cecTpo AHrejiHHO, 

KOH MH 3aKJia, HHIHO TH He peKOB, 

ca6a CKopuiH, hhiho th He peKOB, 

IHO TH CTOpH MOHHO MI>>KKO fleTe? 

H My pene cecTpa AHrejiHHa: 

- Op CeKyjia, jiy^emeK CeKyjia, 
an 3a o/niMe Ha hobh MaHacTHp, 
MaHacTHp npaBO Ka hh Ka>KH. 

H nofifloa Ha hobh MaHacTHp. 

Ko Oflerae cecTpa AHrejiHHa, 

OT^ajieK ce MaHacrap CMeeme, 

CMeeme h ce OTBopame, 

cyBa neiuMa Boaa mh 3aTeHe. 

Ko OTH^e CeicyjiHHa MJiaaa, 

OT^ajieKO mh MaHacTHp nnmeiue, 

mimeine h ce 3aTBopanie, 

cyBa neiuMa mh ce aoocyuni. 

H mh Kynn Tpn Tonn jiyaeneK Ceicyjia, 

Tpn TOnOH nJiaTHO, 

h 3acyica CeicyjiHHa MJiaaa 

fla MH rOpH TpH flHH H TpH HOKH. 

MupeemKa EaKuifa Asyiuu, c. Cmedjieeo, 03.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, A. sKanoe 



138 



JV»7 



J-76 



^ 



5^ 



Mhj 


i- BeT 


Mil 


ce 


flea 


opa 


Me 


- rio 


HH - 


MH 


cec 


Tpa 



Ta po 
Oh - re 



Mhjibct mh ce flBa Gpara porHHH 
Merio hhmh cecTpa OHrejiHHa. 
IIIo Kapee cecTpe fie flaBae, 
mo 3apBee cecTpe fie 6apae. 
H mh CTaHBeT CeKyjiHHa MJiaaa: 

- Ofi fioTtpBO, no-CTapa fiorbpBO, 
Kapa mh e jioiho p,a CTopHMe, 
fl'oflpH3aMe cecTpa OHrejiHHa. 
Ko mh CTaHBeT CeKyjiHHa MJia/ja, 
My CKopuiHJia CeKyjry ca6flTa. 
Kora H^eT jiy/jHiuHK Ceicyna: 

- Op Ceicyjia, jiy/jHiuHK Ceicyjia, 
mo th CTopn cecTpa OHrejiHHa, 
th CKopiHHJia TBoa ocTpa ca6a. 

- Ca6a mh e CTy/jeHO >Kejie30, 
cecTpa mh e Tonjia na3yBHHa. 
Ko mh CTaHBeT CeKyjiHHa MJia/ja, 
My 3aKJiajia Ceicyji 6op3a KOHa. 
Kora H^eT jiygHHHK Ceicyjia: 

- Op Cexyjia, jiy/jHiHK Ceicyjia, 
mo th CTopn cecTpa OHrejiHHa, 
th 3aKJiajia tboa 6i>p3a kohs. 

- KoHbOT mh e BtJiKOBa Beiepa, 
cecTpa mh e Tonjia na3yBHHa. 
Ko mh CTaHBeT CeKyjiHHa MJiaaa, 
ch 3aKJiajia Hefi3HHO mo>kko jxens. 
Kora H^eT jiygHHHK Ceicyjia: 

- Op Cexyjia, jiy/jHHHK Ceicyjia, 
mo th CTopn cecTpa OHrejiHHa, 
th 3aKJiajia TBoe mo>kko /jeTe. 
Tora nncHa jiy/jHHHK Ceicyjia: 

- Ofi th cecTpo, cecTpo OHrejiHHO, 
KOHbOT 6eme BOJiKOBa Benepa, 
ca6a 6eme CTy/jeHO »cejie30, 



HH 

Ha 



139 



3am, mh 3aKJia Moe mi>)kko /jeTe? 
Tora BHKHa cecTpa OHrejimia: 
- Op Cexyjia, jiy/jniHK CeKyjia, 
HH TH CKtpmHX TBOfl ocTpa ca6a, 
hh th 3aicnaB TBoa 6tp3a KOHfl, 

HH TH 3aKJiaB TBOe M'DKKO fleTC 

To 3eMaa no-CTapa HOTtpBa 

h 3eMaa CeKyjinna MJia/ja, 

Ka OHMe Ha hobh MaHaMcTnp, 

Ka OHMe Kan ropa 3ejieHa, 

Ka OHMe Ke 3aHa H3Bopn. 

Ko mh 3e^e jiyflHHHK Ceicyjia 

OTHflOe Ha hobh MaHacTHp. 

Ko noaBH no-CTapa HortpBa, 

o^aneK ce Mamcrap otboph, 

ko noaBH CeKyjiHHa MJia/ja, 

o^ajieK ce MaHacTHp 3aTBopn. 

OTHfloe Ke ropa 3ejieHa, 

ko noaBH no-CTapa nortpBa, 

o^aneKa ropa pa3JiHCTeHa, 

ko OTH^e CeKyjinna MJiaaa, 

o^aneKa ropa ce ocyran. 

Ko OTHaoe Ha H3Bopn, 

ko noaBH no-CTapa nortpBa, 

OflaneKa neuiMHTe CTeKoa, 

ko noaBH CeKyjinna MJia/ja, 

oaaneKa neuiMn ce cyrana. 

Koa mh Be/je jiy/jniHK CeKyjia 

h a 3e^e CeKyjinna MJiaaa, 

n 3e/je Mainca n 6a6o h, 

HeH3HHara ManKa, HeroBnaT TaTKO. 

H mh 3e/je Tpn Tonon njianio 

h e uieTa Tpn pjm h Tpn hokh, 

3a ropHT Majio no-Majio. 

Tora mh pa36pa jry/pramc CeKyjia, 

mo npanjia CeKyjinna MJiaaa. 

JlyitHpue Jlwia, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupyuiu 



140 



JV»8 



Rubato 




Cy-CTaji Ho 



noA Co 



h CycTan Hopo nop CojryHa rpa/ja, 
b ptije fltp^KHT nnne cokojiobo. 
IIopcTe pe)KHT paHa pa ro paHHT, 
CT>Ji3e poHH BO^a 30 HanHBaT. 
IIporoBope nnne cokojiobo: 

- Oh th Tiopo, Hopo, flo6ap K)HaK, 
no/niyiiiH Me py Ha jiob non/ja. 

- Oh th nnne, irane cokojiobo, 
He Te paHa Ha jiob pa Te npamaM, 
TyK Te paHa poMa pa Te npaTa. 

- Oh th Tiopo Tiopo OTaHenra, 
a He 3Hoa Kope Kyica HMaui. 

- Oh th nnjie, nnjie cokojiobo, 
Moa KyKfl caMa ce no3HHaT, 
nop KyicaTa epen 3ejieH aBop, 
Ha aBopoT py Tpn KyKaHHH. 
Epna KyKa ot ca6a po nonpen, 
flpyra KyKa ot nonpen po Benep, 
flpyra KyKa hh He 3acTaBar. 
Taa mo e Ha bopbobh, 

Taa h e MoaTa HeBecTa, 
KyKaT, KyKaT h ce 3acTaBar, 
h ce nyjiHT no flpyrn pa (jjopHHT. 
Taa moe b cjpepe b CTOJinoHTe, 
Taa h e MoaTa ceerpHHa, 

KyKaT, KyKaT H CTOJinOH KOpiHHT. 

Taa mo e flOJiy bo KopHHre, 
Taa h e MoaTa ManiHHa, 

KyKaT, KyKaT H KOpHH OTKOpHBeT. 

Khmujici Maymu, MupeemKa EaKutfa Azyvuu, zp. Tupana, 30.03.2008, 3an. B. Toh- 
neea 



141 



JV»9 



Rubato 



S 



S 



«h J a J v3 



~a sr- 

boh - Ka 



Bo - ra mo - jih aa 60111 - Ha 



ne - Ka ae 



^ 



* t| J 1 - Jj J f [> J J=^ : 



JTO 



BH 



aan MH, 



Bo 



>Ke, O - HH 



CO - KO 



» 



i5^ 



HO - BH 



h 3a - aan mh Kpn - jibe na - y 

Bora mojih p,a 6onmaHeKa /jeBOHKa: 

- J\W MH, Bo>Ke, OHH COKOJIOBH 

h 3aflaM mh Kpnjibe nayHOBH, 
fla OTBypa c(ji)aBa eM ayHaBa, 
p,a OT6epa K)HaK cnpoTH MeHe, 
mo He line bhho eM paKHa, 
mo He nne OHe HtpHO Kacjje, 
mo He nne na/MHBa TyTyHa. 
Ot TyTyHa KyKa nona/jem, 
ot Kacjje e Kyica 3a6op/pKeHa, 
hot paKHH Kyxa no6ojibBaHa, 
HOT BHHO MOMa HejiK)6eHa. 

MupeemKa EaKuija Azymu, c. Cmedneeo, 05.2006, 3an. M. TKanoea 

JV2IO 



J^ 



152 



#n^ 



h h h I b 



j 1 * * 



m 



m 



¥ 



60111 - Han - Ka ae - boh - Ka 



Bo - ra mo - jtht, 



jih - jie - ho, 



fc 



^1 



^ 



aafi mh, Bo 



jia - jie - ho, 



ho - x ih co - KO 



142 



Bora mojiht, jrajieHO, 6onmaHKa /jeBOHKa: 

- /Jan mh, Bo)Ke, JianeHO, hohh cokojiobh 

h 3aflafi mh, JianeHO, Kpnjia nayHOBH, 

fla OTBopa, JianeHO, CBaBa h ayHaBa, 

fla roGiipa K)HaK cnpoTH MeHe, 

mo He mieT bhho h paKHa, 

mo He nneT mapjiHBa TyTyHa, 

mo He nneT OHe HopHO Kac|)e. 

Ot paKHa KyKa no6ojibBaHa, 

ot flyBaH MOMa Hejno6eHa, 

ot TyTyHa KyKa noHa/jeHa. 

MupeemKa EaKuija Aaytuu, c, Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, A. )Kajioe 

JVell 

Eoihhsk caKa... /jeBOHica, 
toh a caxaT, Taa He ro caKaT. 
- BouiHaHKO tOHane, th Me caxani, 
th Me caicam, a a He Te caxaM. 
Ke OT6npa K)HaK cnpora MeHe, 
iho He nneT bhho h paKHa, 
h He nneT jHOTaHa TyTyHa. 
Ot paKHa KyKa no6ojibBaHa, 
ot paKHa KyKa 3a6op/pKeHa, 
ot TyTyHa KyKa nona/jem. 

JIym(pue Jluna, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupyuiu 

JV»12 

J = 84 



12 



^ 



m jw i j~j 



m 



& 



u 



\\ Mm - Ta - ho, mo-h MO-pn, 30ji - bh - u,e 

- MnraHO, Moa Mopn, 30JiBHHe, 
nneTH, He nneTH ^apon, 
Teji'bHe IiHpyBHe yMpeno. 
H Kora mh CTaHa MnTaHa, 
mh 3e^e fio3e KocaBne, 



143 



OTH/je b Kapa opMaHH, 

mh Ha/j6pa flopBa cyBapii, 

H3ropn apo6hh flapoH. 

Mh nofifle CHOBa h naic h pene: 

- MnTaHO, Moa 3onBjme, 

ropn, He ropn /japon, 

TejibHe nnpyBHe >khbo e. 

MupeemKa EaKuifa Asyiuu, c. Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, 3<m. B. Touneea, A. TKajioe 

JV»13 



JJ.= 



42 



^s i^Jirj i j. j. 7 i QQ i fL^j i 



O - ae - Te co 3apa - Bbe, bo - ae - hh - na - 



* 




E5 



i^s 



bo - fle - 



« 



S 



6ani 



npn 



l l| ; J. J J U ^^ 



s^ 



JXA CO 



rwe - jih 



6a 



« 



3^ 



P^H 



^ 



bo 6paui - ho^^" ' bo 6pam 

- O^eTe co 3/ipaBbe, BOfleHHHapii, 
BoaeHHHapH, 6ara npiiaTejiii 
aa coMejiHTe y6aBO 6paniHO II 
aa 3aMecHMe Jiena norana, 



144 



Ka 3aMecHMe y6a norana. 
- ,H,o6pe flofiflOBTe, BOflemmapH, II 
BOfleHHHapH, 6am npiiaTejiH, /2 
Ka 3aMecHMe Jiena norana II 

EaupaM Eysuoe, p. 1931 z. e Kjieme, o6p, ochobho, padomwi e Kyjimypnun doM e 
Rneme; Cysana Eysuoea, p. 1967 z. e Cmedneeo, o6p. cpedno, ojwbOKena e Kjieme, 
om 1990 z. OKueee e /Jypbc (/Jpan); zp. Myp'bc (/Jpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonne- 
ea 

JV»14 

J = 104 




- 3aMecHBMe JieGoirre, afi Hama HeBeero, 

3am ne flOH/je /ja noMoraini, afi Hama HaBeero? 

- 3am hh a6ep th He CTopn, ope Jiy^o /jeTe? 

- 5i th nyniHB no CTpofiHHKO, afi Hama HeBecTO. 

- CTpofiHHK a6ep He mh ctophji, ope Jiy^o rqtq. 

Buojiema Mypamoea, p. 1955 z. e Cmedneeo, o6p. eucuie, Hcmajien ynumeji (25 
zodunu e Cmedjieeo) , om 1995 z. OKueee e Tupana; zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. 
ToHHeea, K. Panzonee 



145 



ij= 



40 



JV«15 



33 



*■ m 



~m — — r- r- 

Koh th ro Ky - na 



no - pt - CTe - HOT TBOH, 



MO - pii, 




no - pi> - CTe - HOT TBOH 



th ro Ky - nn 



^5 



W^ 



-Vi 



no - p"b - CTe - hot 



mo - pn, nop 



CTe - hot TBOH 



- Kofi th ro Kynii nopereHOT tboh, Mopn, nopcTeHOT tboh? II 

- MeHe mh ro KynHJi CBtpmeHHKOT Mofi, Mopii, CBtpiueHHKOT Mofi. 

- Kofi th ro Kynn nopcTeHOT tboh, Mopn, nopcTeHOT tboh? II 

- MeHe mh ro Kynn CBtpraeHHKOT moh, Mopn, CBtpmeHHKOT moh. II 

- MeHe mh ro Kynn auiHKOT 344 moh, Mopn, aniHKOT moh. 12 

EaupaM Eysuoe, zp. Myp^c (/Jpan), 03.04.2008, 3an. B. Tomeea 

JV2I6 

J = 100-108 
1' 2 1 



16 



P^l 



m 



Ke 6h 



— zj — 

CBaB - 



$ j j~^ vi jj 1 i jfi rj j Q ^ 



Ke OH H CH 



/C\ 



• 



CBaB - 



' IHo ce npan HeKoM MepaK 3a Te6e. 



146 



- Ke 6h CHHOHKa Ha CBaB/ja II 
koh 6erae (jjareH 3a Te6e? 12 
Kofi th ro 3e/je nopcTeHOT, 
flanH Ky th to HOTHece 12 
Co nopcTeH (j)HJib/i>KaH nrpae 12 
HMeTO th ro cnaBeeT, 
HMeTO TBoe cnaBeeT. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, Cysana Eysuoea, zp. Myp^c (/Jpan), 03.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 

JV»17 



J^ 



80 



i 



B 



£=5 



17 



m 



JXe - boh - l ie 6e - jioh mp - Be - ho, ne - jie, Ka - ko Ha 



j J- J' 1 ' J 



pHjib - zpcaH nn 



/JeBOHHe 6ejiOH HtpBeHO, Jiejie, 
KaKO Ha (jjHiib/pKaH nncaHO. 

®HJIbfl)KaHOT TBOfi CO paKHfl, 

3aM mh ro, fla ce oniia 12 Jiene 
fla yMpa, /ja He Me >KajiHiu 12 
co maMJiHfl fla Me noKpiiein. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, zp. Mypt>c (/Jpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



147 



JV»18 



j* j' j' t'ji'ji j i i jt3 JiJrj j i i* 



H - 3t - HH - Kb - Ha - JIO 



pn - jiaH ape - bo 



* 



ff^i 



ABO - pH 



I AS - BOM - KM - HH 



H3HHKHajIO (j)HJiaH flpeBO B fleBOHKHHH flBOpH II 

fi ce (jjajiH mhjih TaTKo: - Ilia ch ro H3ceia! 
- He moh, TaTKO, mhjih TaTKO, He moh He cenn ro, 
nofl ceHKHTe, mhjih TaTKO, CBaTOH Ke ce/jaT, 
Ha BefiKHTe, mhjih TaTKO, MaprepHT iua Be3e, 

3a KOpHHTe, MHJIH TaTKO, KOHHTe Hia BOp>Ke. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, zp. M^pyc (flpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»19 



J^ 



92 



19 



JJ JJ 



Me 



J~~J Jj^ 



3a 



no - ra 



|*j Q M 



^ 



6pe 6e 



Ba 



T? 

chu - Ke 



3aMecHBMe noraiara, 6pe 6ejia BacnjiKe, 
3aMecHBMe noraiara, Hafi-6ejia BacnjiKe. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, Cy3aua Eysuoea, zp. Myp'bc (flpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



148 



JV»20 



20 



. = 92 



m 



no. 



* *• y 

JTO 



Pa - flOCT l IH - HH 



ace - hh 

1 , 



m 



m m m 



~9 5T 
>Ke - HH - JTO 



pa - aoct 



PaflOCT HHHHJIO, CHHa )KeHHJIO II 

CHHa >KeHHJio, CBaB^a npanjio 12 

.... ropa saHje, 

Ta fla 3acTaHe 6ejia nneHHiia, 

ot Ka MecHMe 6ejia norana, 

me Ka momhmc 6ejia Eena. (uMemo na neeecmama) 

Menu om Cmedneeo, nexm na nozana, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»21 

J. J J-38 



21 



^ 



^ 



? 



ft 



Ofi mo - pn 6e - jiafi no - ra 

2. 



PH 



6e 



u 



=fc 



Oh Mopn 6ejiaM norano II 
6pe Jibeno ^a ce norc-anm 12 
fla He mh Ha mh Kapafie 
fla .... HeiviaeT 



149 



fla He peneT, ne Te HeMaeT 12 
ot 6ajio HMe Eena II 
ot Te6.... /2 

Taica Kfl ce /jejiHT Eena 
OT MaHKHHe ch ... 
OT 6a60H CH CKyTOH 
OT 6paTOH CH KOHaHH 

OT cecTpHHe CH KOC... 

OT ... 

HafiflOB CH CeHO KOCeHO 

... ceHO KoceHO 
TaKa Ka ce /jcjiht 

OT 6a6oH CH CpaMOBH 

a HMame Eena y6aBa 

- J\w mh, Mopn, flan mh a 

a Ka e na3a ot Te6e 

Ta fla e 6ejia h HopBeHa, 
Ta 3a e TbHica h BHCOKa, 
... nenaHeBecTa 

Menu om Cmedneeo, nenm na nozcma, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»22 

J.. J^44 




22 



m 



* 



O - pn CBa - Kbe, mo - pn, Be - kh - pn ue, 



♦ 



^m 



\>j 1 j j 



* * 



* * 



♦ 



O - pH BOp - TO, MO - pil, 

1 2' 



to - pa - mi - Lie 



150 



Opn CBaKbe, Mopn, BeKHpniie, 
opn bopto, Mopn, qopanime. 
Oh Kann ce, Mopn, Ha Marape, 
a h Tea, Mopn, p,o Tpii H03e. 
Oh Kann ce, Mopn, Ha Marape, 
a h Tea, Mopn, p,o Tpii H03e 

fla MH nOHIU, MOpH... 

... p,aMa,p,maH 

h fla 3eMaiu, Mopn, khjio meicep, II 

p,a a (jjaTHiu 6ejia Bena II 

p,a hh flaiim, Mopn, 6ejia Beiia 

Hea Ka a, Mopii, h3momhmc, 

Ka a Befia, Mopii, yrpa6HMe. 

Menu om Cmedneeo, nexm na nozana, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»23 

..J J =40 



23 



^ 



w 



* *^ 



3E 



gliss. 
O - po ce bh - e 



* J * J J 



s 



Kpan Ma - Ha - cth - pa 



I 



i 



po 



Kpan 



pa: 



^m 



if* 



J. J J #• « 



?b^ 



-Ah - ge mo- Me, afi-ae ay-mo, na 



Opo ce Biie Kpafi MaHacrapa /2 

- Afi^e MOMe, afi^e flyrao, jya. bh/jhiii /2 

ntpBOHO OpO OT fleBOHKHHe, II 

3a Hflera, opn MOMe, /ja bh^hhi. /2 
B Helena Ka ii/ja, CBHTe Ka 11 BH^a. /2 
,H,a H^e ntpBa ceB^a, #a H/je 12 
fla H^e, ope jryflo, /ja Bii/ja. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, Cysana Eysuoea, zp. Mypt>c (flpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



151 



JV»24 



24 




Tpn - CTa 



♦ 



tt 



ny 



ma 



~3T 
Me 



\>~ 



TpncTa CBaTOH nymaMe II 
TpncTa h e/jeH HaicaMe. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, Cysana Eysuoea, zp. Myp^c (flpan), 03.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 

JV»25 

J = 108 



25 



# 



£ 



5 



m 



* 



s 



Aa 



« 



He - Bee 



J\& th e >khbo 6a6o th, opn hcbccto, 
3a th e acHBO 6paTHeTO, opn HeBeero, 
mo hh 3ajiHHH KyxaBa, Jiena HeBecTa, 
mo hh 3ajiHHH Kyioraa, opn BacHjnce, 
(wuemo e na Heeecmama) 
mo hh 3ajiHHH fleTeBO, jiena hcbccto. 
JlHHHa fla ohhi j\o BeKa, Jiena hcbccto, II 
fla th ce }khbh 6paTaHa, jiena hcbccto, 
fla th ce acHBH 6paTaHa, opn hcbccto. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, Cysana Ey3uoea, zp. Myp'bc (flpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



152 



JV»26 



J..J = 



40 



26 



^ 



^IS 



flo - &t - pe Aoil - aoB - Te, 



m 



m 



o - pe jihh - hm npn 




npii 



,H,o6pe flofiflOBTe, ope jihhhh npnaTejiH, /2 
mo hh flOHecoBTe jienoBO HeBecTyjie. /2 

EaupaM Eysuoe, Cysana Eysuoea, zp. Myp^c (ffpau), 03.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 

JV»27 

J = 108 1 



27 



^ 



^ 



^ 



06 - jiaK. 



J ' U ti 



^^- 



I 



op He - Bee 



^ 



•7S 



^# 



Wfc 



po - ca no He 



E Te o6jiaK, op HeBecro, h poca no Hero. 

Ka TH CKHCHHT, Op HeBeCTO, IJOpBeHHOT ayjiaic. 

Afi^e CJie3HH, op HeBeCTO, ot 6op3aro kohs. 
5i He cjiara bht HOHara ot 6op3aro kohs. 
Ch hh Ka^Kaji TeacKO 3Jiaro, He ch mh ro aa.no. 

Buojiema Mypamoea, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. Tomeea, K. Panzonee 



153 



JV»28 



, = 92 



28 



^ 



Be-ce-jm ce. 



W 



W 



"ST 
Te- HO 



pa - Ay - Ban 



Tar - ko ot as 



BecenH ce, paayBaM ce, TaTKO ot /jeTeHO. 
BecenH ce, paayBafi ce, Mafiica ot /jeTem 
UJyKiop Ke ch flonaKajio CHHa jya. 3a>KeHHiii, 
rayKiop Ke CMe /jOHaKajiH b Kyxa jya. aohtc 

EaupaM Eysuoe, Cysana Eysuoea, zp. ffyp'bc (/Jpan), 03.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 

JV»29 

J. J J =32 



29 



^ I J- J_J | |P Jgj | jj jjj. J J J J I J. J * 



Bm - ho hm - e, 



BM - HO 



nil - e, 



» 



feK 



U' gJ J J ' J. J J i » J : 



^ 



BH - HO 



e - Mb pa 



h, jie - jre, 



^J tf Jy 



\.^ J J ira ^S 



^ 



W 



^^ 



^ 



jie - jie, bh - ho e - Mb pa - kb - a 

- Bhho nne, bhho nne, bhho eM paKHa, Jiene, Jieue, 

bhho eM paKHa, 
oh Ha paKHa, 6pe, Ha paKHa, mhoto MepaiaiHa, jiexie, Jiexie, 

MHoro MepaiaiHa, 
oh KOHa aBa, nene, KOHa aBa, KOHa aa^aMHa, nene, nene, 

KOHa aa)KaMHa. 
Ah a ro Hoca, a ro Hoca Ha CTyaeHa Boaa, nene, nene, 

Ha CTyaeHa Boaa. 
Eh toh Me hoch, toh Me hoch Ha momhhh nopTH, nene, nene, 

Ha MOMHHH nopTH. 



154 



MoMHHHTe nop™, MOMHHHTe nopTH, 6efie 3aTBOpeHH, 

6efie 3aTBopeHH, 
oh 6efia 3aTBopeHH, mhoto npeiaiiOHeHH, nejie, Jiejie, 

MHoro npeiciiiOHeHH 
Eh He cyM irane, He cyM irane, ropa j\a. npaneTHa, nene, nejie, 

ropa fla npnneTHa. 
Eh He cyM 3MHa, He cyM 3mhh, ropa p,a H3Jie3a, nene, jiejie, 

ropa fla H3Jie3a. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c, Cmedneeo, 17.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»30 

J. J J =40 



30 



£ 



Hte 



±U 



jH'U J J^ 



~r- — » — » — ~z 

Mafi - Ka, Tpec - Ha 



fly - K-b-Ha-jia 



jie-jie, 3a 



S 



#=i 



J- J J ' i> * 9 



po 



Ha, mo - pn. 



6a 



IIyKHa.na MaMica, TpecHajia, Jiene, 
3amo Me poflH, Mopn, y6aBa. 
riyKHajia Mafixa, TpecHajia, Jiene, 
3amo Me po/ni, Mopn, y6aBa, 
He Mora p,a o/ja b Hapiniia. 
He Mora p,a o/ja b Hapnma, Jiejie, 
Ofl OHe nycTH, Mopn, GeKapn. 
CBa hok Ha kjho6ot ceflefie 
jHOTa paKHa, Mopn, miene II 
hhuio 3a Me3e HeMafie, Jicne, 
MeHe 3a Me3e, Mopn, 6apafie. 
He Me flaBan, Mainco, b TbopHHa 
... fla ce/ja, Mopn, b flOJiHHiia. 
Tor flafi Me, MaMico, b Cre6jieBO 
Ha THa nycTH 6eKapn. 

EaupaM Ey3uoe, zp. Myp'bc (/Jpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tomeea 



155 



JV»31 



31 




W£ 



Han - ro - nein khc - MeT ch a - Ma - jia 

- Mamajia, Jiena hcbccto, Mopn, 
Hafi-rojieM khcmct ch HMajra, 
Hafi-rojieM khcmct ch HMajra, Mopn, 
Ha Kara Bpara orpa/ra II, jiene, 
Ha Mana BpaTa jiHBa/ra. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c, Cmedneeo, 17,06,2007, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»32 



32 



. = 76 



4 



m 



iipa 



=t* 



Ch - hoh cyM ce 



Ha - jik) 



3C 



^t # # a ^^ 

He cy - mi Be - ne - pa - jia 

- Chhoh cyM ce HajnoTHJia He cyM Benepajia. 
3am' Me MeHe MaiiKa /jana ^eHO apo h CTapo? 
Ako h e, a koh CTapo, HeKa mh e >khbo. 
HoKa Kama Ka My Bapa, #eHa Ka ro paHa. 
KojibKy flyma jra ro flopaca, nopcTeH My /ra Hoca. 
KoubKy flynia 3a ro ^op>Ka, rep/raHOT jra Hoca. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c. Cme6neeo, 17 .06.2007 , san. B. Tonneea 



156 



JV»33 



J.JJ: 



38 



33 



^m 



J) j{JJj] l i ] J] J J 1 J) J tjsj] 



Me - ce - ™ - Ha y - rpe-a - na b' Ha - lira ^Bo-pH y - rpe - a - na 



• 



Me - ce - mm - Ha 



, Ha-111H J\BO - pM 



6) J = 92 Rubato 

3 



§ J P J- P 1 {7] j. j, j /] J 



y - rpe - a - jio 



J' * 

ec - ho cjitjH 



ue bo Ha - inn - Be abo - pn 



b) J = 72 Rubato 



♦ 



S 



# 



y - rpe - a - jra Me - ce - hh - Ha 



BO Ha - HIH - Be flBO-pH 



a) 

MecenHHa yrpeajia b Hainii /jBopii 

yrpeajia MeceniiHa b Hainii flBopn. 



6) 

Yrpeajio ecHO cjrbime bo HaniiiBe flBopn 



B) 

Yrpeajia MeceiHHa bo HaraHBe flBopii 

H ce (jjanH MHJia MaMica - Ha aBop He H3Jia3H. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c. Cmedneeo, 17,06,2007, san, B, Tonneea 



157 



JV»34 



34 



, = 58 



4 



mm 



a 



u-jij«jij>L j -- ^i 



5eS 



Tlaii mm, Bo-ace, tub - Ka po-ca 



a - mm, Toe - no -ah, 



do-mo->km! 



« 



.h h -h J' I Jl 



^3Ett#=i 



i=* 



p 



ffi 



;S 



* * * 

Jla no-pac-HHT jie - Ba Tpe - Ba a- mhh, Toe - no -ah, iio-mo->km 



1 ' 



^P 



^,afi mh, Bo)Ke, THBKa poca 
aMHH, TocnoflH, iiomomch! /2 
,H,a nopacHHT jieBa TpeBa 
aMHH, TocnoflH, iiomomch! /2 
J\& nopacHHT Jibena nneHica 
aMHH, TocnoflH, iiomomch! /2 
J\& nopacHHT Jibena iraeHica 
aMHH, TocnoflH, iiomcwkh! II 



EaupaM Eysuoe, Cysana Eysuoea, zp. Mypt>c (flpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



158 



JV»35 



Rubato 



35 



• 



* 



PfR ? 



s 



"S — — • — # * — *^ 

Kh - hh - can mh Mht - pe fla 



j iJ ^J v 



flH 



^ 



£ 



^^ 



J b J ^ J - : 



^^ 



aa mh o - n,u Mht - pe Ha Ty 



• 



f' ,) J1 > 



ig 



• ^ § J P J ^=£ 



Pf 



flOJI 



Ty 



th - Ha Mht 



pe 



bo A - Ha 



^ 



^ 



KHHHcaji mh MHTpe ua mh o/jh 
jja mh oflH MHTpe Ha TyrHHa 
Ha TyrHHa MHTpe bo AHaaon. 
TaMO ce/ja MapaM Hemo 
MapaM Hemo, MHTpe, ueBeT touhh. 
Mh cneHajiHJi MHTpe ueBeT kohs, 
mh KHHHca flOMa /ja Hjje, 

MH OT TOa H TpHTe KOH3, 

TpHHe kohh, MnTpe, iuaMajiafl}KT>, 

TpHHe K0H3, MHTpe, flpo6HO 33H0 

TpHHe kohh, MnTpe, Bpa>Ka raiiTaH, 
Mh KHHHcaji MnTpe jjOMa u'Hjje, 
Kpn^e, H^e H^e no non noTy 
Tye jierHa MnTpe ua nnajjHyBa, 
h Ha nonHOHTa MnTpe pa36yuH.no, 
MH^po raeua MnTpe e/jHa jj3Be3ua: 

- OpH fl3Be3flO, MOpH H MHJIHa 3Be3flO, 

jraji ch jj3Be3ua, Mopn, aKraaMHHHa 
hji ch jj3Be3aa, Mopn, caMaHHHa 
HJI CH jj3Be3aa, Mopn, KapBaHHHa 



159 



nio mh namwui, Mopn, KapBaHHBe? 
Mh KHHHca MHTpe fla mh H/je, 
mo mh n/je MnTpe b no/pie CKonne, 
b noflHe CKonne, Jicne b CKoncKH qanpn. 
Tye Hafifle MnTpe CTapa 6a6a: 

- Mopii 6a6o, Mopn, CTapa 6a6o, 
na Ta npamaM, 6a6o, 3a mh Kamim 
nocpefl CKonne, 6a6o, com noMHHaji, 
hhto HOBeK, 6a6o, npeMHHyBa, 
hhto Kyne, 6a6o, npojiafiiOBa, 

hhto neTen, 6a6o, nponefiiOBa, 
mo e CKonne omaMeHO? 

- Mope MnTpe, Mope, Kepmi MnTpe, 
He cyM 6a6a, MnTpe, CToroflnuma, 
Tyicy a cyM, MnTpe, HtpHa nyMa, 
6htom CKonne, MnTpe, ro roropeB, 
a n Te6e, MnTpe, Te nonapnx. 

An flan mh, 6a6o, TecjjTepnre, 

fla ce BH^aM, 6a6o, flan cyM nncMeH? 

- HyMy th ch, MnTpe, b TecjjTepnre, 
TBoe BpeMe, MnTpe, flonae.... 

(...) 

Ttprafi noTO, Topn Kanay3a, 

fla CTacaMe BTopo ceno, 

HMaM MHJia cecTpa, 

mo Me }KajiH, th He njiann. 

- ,H,o6po yrpo, ope MHJia cecTpo. 

- ,H,o6~pe flomtji, ope mhjih 6paTKO. 

- Re no-apHO, cecTpo, #a He flofifleB 
Me nonapn MeHe HtpHa nyMa. 
Pa3TOBapn, cecTpo, TpnHe KOHH, 

TpHHe KOHH HiaMajiafl^Kt, 

Kora Ke yMpa th #a pennm: 
Bor fla npocTH mohot 6pareH! 
TtpraM noTO, Topn KOJiay3a, 
fla CTacaMe TpeTO ceno, 
Tye HMaM MHJia Manica, 
mo Me }KajiH, th He njiann. 

- Re no-apHO, MafiKO, p,a He flon/jeB 
Me nonapn MeHe ntpHa nyMa. 
Pa3TOBapn, Manico, TpnHe kohs, 
TpnHe KOHa flpe6HO h3ho, 



160 



Kora me yMpa, MaHKO, th 3a penem: 

Bor fla npocTH mohot chhko! 

H Bopfl3H a, Manico, KOJiaio3a, 

h Bopfl3H a, Manico, Ha acjiHHe 

He mh e >Kaji6a, MafiKO, Kan Ka yMpa, 

mh e 5Kaji6a Kan Ke a TpoTa, 

Kae Ke a TpoTa KOJiaK>3a, 

He 3hohhi, MafiKO, Ta6neTO. 

Kojiaio3a nyKHa Ha acnHre, 

MnTpe yMpe Ha nocTejia. 

MupeemKa EaKuija Azymu, c. Cmedneeo, 05.2006, 3an. M. TKanoea 

JV»36 



36 




hiJ'JW'. J~J js I J J J. J Ji l it J' J' J'. J^j, 



Mht - pe o - men 



Ha Ty - th - Ha 



Ta - mo ce - nasi 



$ 



h J A J J I h 



£ 



# 



M^e^S 



^t#^ 



^e - BeT ro - /imh Ta - mo Ka - pnji ^e - BeT ko 

MnTpe oraeji Ha Tyrmia 
TaMO ce/jaji /jeBeT ro/jHH 
TaMO Kapnji fleBeT kohh, 

TpHHe KOHH flpo6HO a3HO, 

APo6ho a3HO 3a MafiKara, 
TpHHe KOHH BH/H1 rafiTaH, 
BHflH raiiTaH 3a cecTpara, 
TpHHe kohh caM ajia/i>Ka, 
TpHHe KOHa, 3a CBopraeHHHaTa. 
Ch KHHHcaji MnTpe flOMa fl'H/je, 
ro chokhjio MnTpe bo cpefl CKonne, 
mh ce Hy/niT MnTpe mh ce flyMar, 
h e BejiHT Ha 3Be3flara: 

- OpH 3Be3flO, JIHHHa 3Be3flO, 

ajib ch 3Be3fla ot Benepa, 
ajib ch 3Be3flO ot yrpHHa, 
HHTy neTen nponeyBa, 



161 



hhto HOBeK nporopyBa. 
Ko mh CTaHa CTapa 6a6a. 

- Opn 6a6o, CTapa 6a6o, 
3aflaM mh TecjjTepirre. 

- Ope MHTpe, KHpa^acHfl, 
fliiTHM CKonne ro H3ropeB, 
h a Te6e Te nonapHB, 
BpeMe HMam py HKHH/jHa. 
TopraM noTOT, Kajiay3e, 

p,a BTacaMe ntpBO cejio, 
TaMO h a Moa cecTpa. 

- J\o6pe Aofi^e, ope mhjih 6pare! 

- J\o6pe HafiflOB, MHJia cecTpo, 
hiu no-apHO cecTpo p,a He flofi/jeB, 
Me HaMepn cecTpo HtpHa nyvia, 
BpeMe HMaM cecTpo py HKHHflHa. 

Pa3TOpH IT1, CeCTpO, TpHHe KOHH, 
TpHHe KOHH BHflH rafiTaH. 
Ko ica yMpa cecTpo th pa pennm: 
Bor pa. y6neT mohot 6paTeH! 
Ttprafi noTOT, Kajiay3e, 
pa BTacaMe 3BeHe cejia, 
TaMO HMa CBopraeHHHa, 
fleBeT roflHH icae Me naxa. 

- ,H,o6pe poiipe, ope moh K)HaKo! 

- ,H,o6pe HafiflOB, opn CBopiueHHHe, 
hih no-apHO pa He poiipoB. 

Pa3TOpH TH TpHHe KOHH, 

TpHHe kohh caMana/pKa. 
Koa Ka yMpa th pa penHin: 
Bor pa y6neT mohot K)HaK, 
fleBeT roflHH mo ro naKaB! 
TopraM noTOT, Kajiay3e, 
pa BTacaMe TpHHe cejia, 
TaMO HMa MHJia MaiiKa. 

- J\o6pe potipe, mhjih chho! 

- J\o6pe HafiflOB, MHJia MafiKO, 

hih no-apHO, Mainco, pa He potipeB, 
Me HaMepn, MaHKO, HtpHa qyMa. 

Pa3TOpH TH, MaHKO, TpHHe KOHH, 

TpHHe kohs MaHKO, /hooGho a3HO. 
Koa Ka yMpa, MaHKO, th pa pennm: 

162 



Bor fla y6neT mohot chho! 
nocTaiH a, MaMKO, nocTenflHa, 
fleBeT rojjHH, Mafiico, He jierHaro. 
He mh e acajib6a, MafiKO, Koa ica yMpa, 
mh e >Kajib6a, Mafiico, Kajiay30, 
He My 3HOHUI, MafiKO, Ta6neTO. 
MnTpe yMpe Ha nocTejia, 
Kanay30 nyKHa Ha acjiHre. 

JIym(pue Jlwia, zp, Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupyuiu 

JV»37 

. = 69 



37 


=* 


« 




















4 






























/ 


































f 




" V 


t\ j i 


- 




. d 


























r> 


*J 


Ille - Tar mh ce 


Ri 


m o m a m 
; - Te a - asca - mh - a 




j 
























ft. i 






























t 


rff 1 ^ - 






k M 


k 






















f 


"V 




d 








i 




















• i 


s — ' 




















^ 






-m 


• 




a 












* 



^* w 
po - Ba 



AOp - 5KHT y cy 



# 



^* ♦ ST 

jih fl»ce - 6o 



po - iie aop - hcht y 6e 



^^ 



ro o - nn - tbct He - ro - Ba - Ta iviaft 



f 



Oh, th ae - Te. 



ge - Te 



~m # — 

a - fl>i<a 



MH 



163 



IIIeTaT mh ce rots a/j>KaMHa, 
meTaT mh ce H3 MepMep aBJina, 
rjiaBa /jopaoiT y cypoBa 3eMa, 
poije jjopacHT e 6ejiH ^>Ke6oH 
ro onHTBeT HeroBaTa MafiKa: 

- Oh th fleTe, p,ere a/j>KaMHa, 
mo ce HieTaiu H3 MepMep aBJina, 
co raaBHiia cypoBa 3eMHiia 

co poijeTe y Gemi /pkc6oh? 

- Oh th MafiKO, MHJia Moa MafiKO, 
HacTaHane 6a6oBH 6op/pKOBH. 

- Oh th fleTe, p,ene a#)KaMHa, 
th ch HMam y6aBa HeBecTa, 
npoMeHH a bo chthoho pyBO, 
HCTafi ch a Ha 6ojryK na3apa 

h njiaTH ch 6a6oBH 6op/pKOBH. 
Mh a 3eae p,ere a^^KaMHa 
a npoMeHa bt>b chthoto pyBO, 
a HCTan Ha Eonyic na3apa. 
To onHTBeT p,eje a^^KaMHa: 

- Ajib a Kynera huh npoflaBaui? 

- CyM a Kynnji, cera a npo/jaBaM. 
H a 3efle /jeTe a/j>KaMHa 

a OHeca b iuapeHe o/jae, 
h mh 3e/je TpaM6ypa b paue. 
Ton TpaM6ypa, HeBecTaTa miami. 

- Op HeBecTO, y6aBa hcbccto, 

th mo njiaHHiu ajib He Me 6eH/nicain, 
ajib KyKaBa He mh a 6eH/nicain? 

- Oh th fleTe, p,ene aa^KaMHa, 

Te 6eHflHCBaM, KaK He 6eH/jHCBain, 
tok ch HMax e^eH mhjih 6paTeH, 
Karo Te6e ca/je TpaM6yparae. 

- Op HeBecTO, y6aBa hcbccto, 
a 6para th iho MaHa HMame? 

- Mh HMame, KaK He mh HMame 
flecHa Hora 6e3 MajiOTO nopcTne. 

- Op HeBecTO, y6aBa hcbccto, 
afi^e 3eMafi ro jiereH h h6phk, 
p,a mh BHflHin Moa /jecHa Hora. 
H mh 3e/je y6aBa HeBecTa 

h mh 3e/je jiereHH h6phkot. 
Kora BH/je /jecHara HO>KHHa, 

164 



Kora Bii/je 6e3 ManoTO nopcTne, 
Tora pene - th ch 6hji mohot 6paT! 
H a 3eae /jeTe a/j)KaMHa, 
a oflHece OTKO^e a 3e/je, 
OBa mh e MOflTa cecTpniia. 

JIym(pue Jlwia, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupymu 

JV»38 

KHHHcana mh /jeBofiica 
bo none Ha )KeTBa p,a ojih. 
Oaea mo nooaea, 
ce/jHaa /ja njia/jHyBaeT. 
Chtc ce/jHaa Ha ceHKa, 
fleBOHKa ceflHa Ha cohhc 
Cbhtc yKHaa j\& nem, 
fleBOHKa yKHa j\& njianHT. 
Offlie onHTBeT /jeBOHKa: 

- fleBOHKO, OpH fleBOHKO, 

CHTe ce^HaBMe no^ ceHKa, 
th 3amo ceflHa Ha comie? 
Chtc yKHaBMe /ja neHM, 
th yKHa fla njiaHHiu? 

- ^.pyraHKH mh HeBepHH, 
ch HMaB e/jHO 6paTyjie, 

Ot ^BaHaeceT ro/jHHH 
h ot TpHHaeceT npaneTH, 
mh ro njieHaa TypHHTe, 
flajieKO mh ro Hecoa, 
rope Ha BHHiHe nnamiHe, 
Ha Ca^HKOBa Ganna. 
IIpoBefl BeTap ofl Mope, 
mh a oflBea /jeBOHKa, 12 
rope Ha BHurae nnamiHa, 
Ha Ca^HKOBe Ganna. 

- CaflHKe flHKe OBiape, 

BHfle HJIHBHHTe mo JiaeT, 

fla He e bojikot bo OBHeTe? 
He 6hjio bojikot bo OBHeTe, 
TyKy e /jo6pa /jeBOHKa. 
Mh a onHTBeT /jeBOHKa: 

- fl,e B OHKO, OpH fleBOHKO, 



165 



Hemo mo 6ojm ch HMaui? 

- Ch HMa, KaKO ch HeMa, 
e^HO 6paryne MaeHKO, 
TypHHTe mh ro nneHaa, 
ot ^BaHaeceT ro^HHH, 
ot TpHHaeceT npaneTH. 
IlHCHa 6HJi6HJibOT Ha 6yKa: 

- Ajih ce nyjio, pa36pa.no, 
6paT h cecTpa j\a. ce 3eMaeT. 

^.eBOHKO, OpH flCBOHKO, 

TBoeTO mhjio 6paryne, 
anH ro 3Haera no3HHara! 
Ce (jjaTHe ropjio c ropjio 
Tye flyraa My H3Jie3e. 

JIym(pue Jluna, zp, Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupyuiu 

JV»39 

^ =264 



39 




s nJ. j- j 71 J 1 1 1 i i i j» g 



Hh - ko - jia 



o - mt - Jib 



BMe - a - He 



i\^- i j>- J i ii?? i j j i i i8 



mm e no - pa - naT 



Bo - a He: 



PI 



l=i=P=§ 



#»^^ 



HO. 



-Bo 



pii 



Bo 



#^* 



m 



^=5 



^=^ 



kh Tyn - Ha 



Bpa - Ta. 



ko - ra 



^ 



J). JU it 



^ 



fc§ 



:fe=l 



Aa era 



hhuj Aa 



BO - pHUI 



166 



HnKOJia oihbji b MeaHe, 
mh e nopanaT EoaHe: 

- Bohho, opn, BoaHO, 
Kora Ka TynHa Ha Bpara, 

jia CTaHHiu jia mh otbophui. 
CBa hok BoaHa ce/jajia, 
OKa mh naMyK npeBHJia, 
MO)KKa Korayjia comniia, 

MO>KKOHO RQTQ flOp^Kajia, 

Mano npefl ca6a Jieraajia 
h Ha MafiKa ce MOJinna: 

- MafiKO ne, mhjio MafiKO ne, 
Kora Ka TynHHT HnKOJia, 

ot cohot fla Me CKopeBam, 
fla CTaHa 3a My OTBopa. 
IIIo mh Jieraajia BoaHa, 
eTe ro TynHaji HnKOJia 
h mh CTaHana Mainca My 

- MaiiKO ne, mhjio MafiKO Jie, 
3anj,o He CTaHa BoaHa, 

3a mh OTBopHT BpaTaBa? 

- Chhko ne, OBe HnKOJia, 
CBa hok BoaHa nrpajia 

co tboh nropHH >KeropHn. 
Kora mh CTaHa HnKOJia, 
h mh a 3aicna BoaHa. 
Tora nHCHana MafiKa My: 

- Chhko ne, ope HnKOJia, 
y6njia mh Te 6ocHHa, 
3amo a 3aKJia BoaHa! 
CBa hok BoaHa cejiana, 
OKa mh naMyK npeBHJia, 
MO)KKa Koniyjia connuia, 
mo)kkoho fleTe flopacajia, 
Mano npea ca6a Jieraajia 
h MeHe mh ce MOJinna: 

- MafiKO ne, mhjio MafiKO Jie, 
Kora Ka TynHHT HnKOJia, 

ot cohot fla Me CKopeBam, 
fla CTaHa 3a My OTBopa. 
Kora mh CTaHa HnKOJia: 

- MafiKO Jie, mhjio MafiKO Jie, 



167 



th He mh Kama no-6tpry, 
aiipe OHiu Kafi BoaHa! 
Kora mh CTaHa Hnicojia, 
h mh a 3aicna MafiKa ch, 
h mo)kko pens ro 3aKJia, 
h caMO ce6e ce 3aicna. 

JIym(pue Jlwia, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupyuiu 

JV»40 

1JJ = 32 



40 



# 



5 



^ 



=fc 



^ 



Ch - HaH 6er 6a - pan He - Bee 



» 



US 



' U J I I.J ' J 



aa - jibe - Ka Ha - (jja - jie - 

CnHaH 6er 6apan HeBecTa 
OTflanbeKa Habanera, 
no CBa Kpafi h HanyeHa. 
Kora no AHa oaea, 
bhiuhh neperan nyTea. 
Kora co AHa naea, 
BHumn nepeuin 3o6ea. 
H/jea, mo non^ea 
po b KpnBa pexa Pa/jHica, 
npoBea BeTap op Mope 
a Hea KpeHa aynaicoT. II 
CnHaH povnspa jihkoto 
Pene: He 6nna 3a chhot, 
a 6njia 3a MeHe. 
Kora mh aoMa poiipoe, 
h pene Ha CBeKopBara ch: 
- CnHaH 6e>KHHe, cbckopbo, 
nocTejiH MeKa nocTejia, 
pa ceHHT epiia /jeBOHica, 
pa th floica>Ka anon, 



168 



anon Mopii flepTOBH, 

OT CBCKOpOH CTpaMOH. 

- H^eBMe, mo H/jeBMe, 
npoBea BeTap or Mope, 
MeHe mh KpeHa /jynaKOT, 
CnHaH florjiefla jihkoto. 
H CBeKopBaTa pene: 

- Ofi MOpH _3h0 fleBOHKO, 

CBHTe CMe 6hjih hcbccth, 
ot KOHa He CMe 36opBajin! 

MupeemKa EaKuija Azymu, c. Cmedjieeo, 03.06.2008, 3<m. B. Touneea, A. TKajioe 

JV»41 

IIo6apa mh CiceH/iep 6er, 
Ha^ajieKa HacjjaneHa 
IIo Kora no XaHa o/jea, 
bhiuhh nepeina HyTefie, 
Kora co XaHa H/jene, 
bhihhh qepenme 3o6efie. 
H/jee, mo non^ee, 
npoBea BeTap ofl Mope, 12 
AHe e KpeHa /jynaicoT, /2 
CnHaH florjieaa jihkot. 
He 6hjio AHa 3a chho, 
TyK 6hjio AHa 3a ce6e. 
Iio6apaji flen na3yBbe, 
HCTan (jjpy^KKH ho>kobh, 
caMO ce yflpn no copne. 
IIo6apa flen fl>Ke6oH, 
ncTan pn3be MapaMn, 
caMO npecTema ctpneTO. 
Jlypu fla flofiflOT 30 jjOMa: 

- CBeKopBO CnHaH6ernne, 
nocTejiH MeKe noerejie, 

jja jierHHTe CHOBa p,a yMpirr. 

- HeBecTO, flocTa io6aBa, 
CBeTe CMe 6hjih HeBecTe, 
ot kohh He CMe 36opBajie. 

- CBeKopBO, CHHaH6erHHe, 

fla TH H3Ka>Ka flepTOBH, 



169 



OT CBCKOpOH CTpaMOH 
OT CHHOH TH a/JOH. 

IIpoBefl BeTap 03 Mope, 
MeHe mh KpeHa pynaKOT, 
CiiHaH floraefla jihkot. 
He 6hjio AHa 3a chho, 
TyK 6hjio AHa 3a ce6e. 

JIym(pue Jlwia, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupyuiu 

JV»42 



42 




JU288 



* 



^ 



jren - MaH. 



Cy 



era - Hajr 



6e mh 



Cy 




f> jij j"3 .n 



Co 



~~ # — 

JiyH - CKO 



ny - Cfa - to 



CycTaHan 6e mh CynefiMaH, nene, 
bo nycTO none ConyHCKO. 
Tyfi noMHHafie /jpy>KHHa, Jiejie, 
Apy^KHHa cyjiefiMaHOBa. 
CynefiMaH My ce MOJierae, Jiejie, 

- fl,py>KHHO, BepHa /jpyraiHO, 
Kora Kfl flOMa OHTe, nene, 
Tecj)e3H fla He (jjopjiaTe, 12 jiejie, 
h necMe /ja He neHTe, 

fla hh bh qyeT MafiKa mh, 

k' h3jih3ht MafiKa flo nHTaT, II Jiejie, 

KOfle fie chh mh CynefiMaH. 

J\& He fie npaBO Ka>KHTe, Jiejie, 

Tor fla fie Mafiice peHHre: 

- CynefiMaH th ce fioaceHaji 
bo nycTO none ConyHCKO. 
IlaK Ka bh Mafixa onHTar, Jiene, 
KaKBa HeBecTa 3enpxTe. 

Bne na HaHe pennre, Jiene, 



170 



iltpHaHa 3eMa HeBecTa II, jiejie, 
chjihh totohh TonaHH, II Jiejie, 
ce ceTicaime cbhphhtc 

MupeemKa EaKuija Azyiuu, c. Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, 3<m. B. Touneea, A. TKajioe 

JV»43 



y- 



288 



43 




fe=5 



#FS^ 



Cy - CTa - Hajr 



6e 



Go 



jien - MaH 




2^- 



r i J'- ) J ) Jl ll & I _h _h 



J^' * 



Co - jiyH - cko 



^s * 



bo nyc - to no - jre 



CycTaHan 6e mh CioJieHMaH 
bo nycTO nojie CojiyHCKO. 
Mh ro BHKae /ipy^KHHa: 

- Ah flpy>KHHa, 6e CioJieHMaH, 
Apy^KHHa CioJieHMaHOBa, 
yacHHafiTe mh co 3fl;paBe, 

h oflefiTe mh co 3/ipaBe! 
Kora Ka romsl nofiflHTe, 
fla He (jjopjiflTe Tycj)e3H, 
Ka H3Jie3HTe HaHa p,a nHTaT. 
J\a Hen npaBO ica>KHTe: 
CioJiefiMaH th ce o>KeHa 
bo nycTO none CojiyHCKO, 
HtpHaHa 3eMa HeBecTa, 
BHCOKe 6yKe CBaTOBe, 
chjihh BeTpoBe TOnaHH, 
TeMHH o6jiaHH 6anpaHH, 
Hi>pHH KiOTyHH erionHH. 
H3Jienia flOMa jjo nHTaT: 

- ,Z]py>KHHa CioJieHMaHOBa, 
a KaMO bh ro CioJieHMaH? 

- HaHHHe CioJieHMaHOBa, 
CioJiefiMaH th ce o>KeHa 



171 



bo nycro none CojiyHCKO, 
iltpHaHa 3eMa HeBecTa, 
BHCOKe 6yKe CBaTOBe, 
ijtpHH KiOTyiiH erioniiH. 

JIym(pue JIujia, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. M C, Tlupymu 

JV»44 



J.JJ^ 



40 



44 



^ 



*UJ] jj 



*w 



* \> J J 



Cnpe- MaK ch, cnpe - iwafl, 



my - jien jie, 



II J I. J J- J' 




oop - 3Ha 



an my - jien jie. 



^^ 



6op - 3Ha - Ha 

CnpeMafi ch, cnpeMafi, afi mynen jie, 6op3HaHa kohs, 

afi mynen jie, 6op3HaHa KOHa. 

5i Ka ch ofla, an mynen ne, 3a bo TyrHHa 

afi mynen jie, 3a bo TyrHHa. 

Ako He ch flofi^a, afi mynen jie, th omtokh ce 

afi mynen jie, th omo>kh ce 

h a Ka ce >KeHa, afi mynen jie, ntpHaHa 3eMa 

afi mynen jie, ntpHaHa 3eMa. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, zp. Mypt>c (flpm), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tomeea 



172 



JV»45 



J^ 



120 



45 




^ 



* \> * * J * 



Oh mo - pe fl3y - usijib boh - bo - ga, 



^ 



* \> S J i 



nie - Tan £[3y - najrb cno - 6oa - ho, 





Asy 



cjio - 6oa 



Mafiica fl,3yjiflJiio ayMame: 

- Oh Mope ^3yjiajib BOHBoaa, Ji&ne, 
He uieTafi ,H,3yn5uib cno6oaHO, jiejie, /2 
He raeTafi, ,H,3yna.nb cno6oaHO. 

He uieTafi, ^3yjiajib cno6oaHO, 
ot HMaui MHoro flyniMaHH. 
fl,3yjiajib mh MafiKe He flony, nene, 
crnae b none KpyraoBO, 
mh nofiae b none KpymoBO, Jiene, 
aa BHflH )KeTBa ajib aonuia. 
5KeTBa mh aonuia n npeonma, 
^I,3yjiajib mh Ha6paji apraTH 12, Jiejie, 
Kajieui BejiHKa cohh mh. 
CBHTe ceflHae noa ceHKa, jiene, 
Kajieui BejiHKa Ha coHne. 
CBHTe OKHae aa neneT, 
Kanem Bennica aa njiannx 
^3yjiajib mh Bejin roBopn, aene, 

- BejiHKa, Kajieui, Beanice, 



173 



He 6epn rafijie 3a MeHe, jiene, 
jxyp HMaM nyniKa Ha paMO, II Jiejie, 
h CTpe6peH naTJiaK Ha noac. 
IlyKHa mh nyuiKa hot ropa 
yppw ^3yjiajia no raaBa. 
^3yjiajib mh BejiH roBopn, jiene, 
- ^.py^KHHO BepHa h BepHa, 
apaM fla bh e KacjjeTO, 
mo cyM bh aaBaji Ha yTpo. 

MupeemKa EaKuifa Aayutu, c. Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, A. TKanoe 

JV»46 

j>j>j>.:o= 32 




i 



5 



h hh h i J 1 



s 



46 



i^ b J* i 



^^=s 



is? 



; ^^ 



Ilo-ea - De-pn, A - jiHjib, no- Ha - 6e - pn, n& He th ro po-ca- 



J JTJ I j^ j^ J I J' j jv J' ji 



EfefesfeS 



6e - pn ro ui>p - Be 



hh - or 6afi - paK 



Ha no - po - en, 



IIoca6epH, AjiHJib, noHa6epn, 
fla He th ro pocaHa nopocn, 
co6epn ro ntpBeHHOT 6anpaic, 
fla He th ro pocaHa nopocn, 
fla He th ro BeTapoH npoBenr. 
IIpoBea ro ... ocTaHa, 
nopocn ro .... ocTaHa. 
Hne 6eBMe /jeBeTMHHa Gpara, 
ocMHHa nofl 6aMpaK na/jHae, 
h 3a MeHe e/jeH Tocnofl 3hoht. 
Pene Ajihji, pene He /jopene, 
nyKHa nyraxa ot Ey/jHHa rpa/ja, 
mh ro y/ipn no /joGpara rjiaBa, 
ot Apyrn TpneceT h neT flyiun, 
a ch HMa Tpn KeMepn napn. 
ritpBH KeMep HaHe /ja nparnTe, 
a flpyrnoT p,a Me 3aKonare, 



174 



co TperaoT fl)KaMHa fla npanre. 
Ilpefl fl)KaMHa raapeHa aBJina, 
y aBJiiiaTa p,o ppe hobh qeuiMe, 
Ha neniMeTe HaMa3e 3eMae, 
bo /i>KaMHfl a6fle3 3aKJiaMe, 
h Ajihjiio paBMeT p,a /jaBae. 

Jlymcpue Jlwia, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. M C, Tlupyuiu 

JV»47 



. = 116 




^--^ 



47 



P J J ^ : 



MR 



Bo 



6o 



a J J.MH 



^=te 



* 



~~ ST 
Mil 



Mnaa Cto 



hh, jie - jie. 



6o 



6o 




BoneH mh, 6ojieH mh jiokht MJia/j Ctosh, nene, 
6oneH mh, 6ojieH mh jiokht Mnan Ctoah. 
Ha bhcok, Ha bhcokhhc qapnaijH, nene, 

Ha BHCOK, Ha BHCOKHHC napnaHH. 

Ha )Kejie3, Ha >Kene3HHHe KpeBaTH, jiejie 

Ha >Kejie3, Ha >Kene3HHHe KpeBaTH. 

Hafl raaBa, Han rnaBa MaiiKa My ccht, jiejie, 

Hafl raaBa, Han raaBa MaiiKa My cenx 

My ceHT, My ccht h My ce mojtht, jiene, 

My ceHT, My ccht h My ce mojiht. 

CTaHH mh, CTaHH mh, chhko CToaHe, nene, 

CTaHH MH, CTaHH MH, CHHKO, He JIOKH. 

,H,a BHflHiu, na BHflHra, qyno rojieMO, Jiejie, 

na BHflHiu, 3a bhahih qyno rojieMO. 

CTpefl ceno, CTpefl ceno opo ce nrpar, jiene, 



175 



CTpefl cejio, CTpefl cejio nopo ce Hrpar. 
CBeKoa, CBeKOfl MOMa n momhc, nene, 

CBeKOfl, CBeKOfl MOMa H MOMHC 

3a TBOfl, 3a TBOfl Pa^a mmMnHa, nene, 

3a TBOfl, 3a TBOfl Pajra jnmMHHa. 

He Mora, He Mora, MafiKO, na CTaHaM, jiejie, 

He Mora, He Mora, Mafiico, na CTaHaM. 

OpaHHy3KH, (jjpaHHy3KH KyprayM Me loapnji, Jiejie, 

OpaHHy3KH, (J)paHHy3H KyprayM Me lO/jpHJi. 

K) jieBa, io jieBa CTpaHa no copue, nene, 

K) JieBa, io JieBa CTpaHa no copne. 



MupeemKa EaKuifa Asyiuu, c. Cmedmeo, 03.06.2008, 3an. B. Tomeea, A. JKcuioe 

JV»48 

J>J>J> J>. = 40 



48 



4 1 j-' j'' i p i j' p i J, i j p p g ipg 



m 



+ • 

Oa - Ta h - fleT ot fly - HaB Ha bo - na 



m - fleT 



Cajib - ko 



i' J'' | p i P j- P I ii : j, J J J' p i i i j> j- 



ot Co - jiy - Ha 



rpa 



fla. 



Cec - Tpa to e 
My ce 3an - Ha 



y Tec - Ha co - 

TO - Ka OT LVbp- 



♦ 



^m 



353 



feS 



fefce 



S^^ 



fcfce 



Byji - Ka, 



3a - (})a - th 



KOp - Hy IIFIH - TH 



Oara n/ieT ot ,HyHaB Ha Bona, 
CajibKO H^eT ot CojiyHa rpa^a. 
CecTpa th e y TecHa coKaKa, 
My ce 3anHa TOKa ot ntpByjiKa, 
3a(j)aTHJin KopHy rannTHaHH. 

- Ofi th CajibKO, CajibKO, no6ap K)HaK, 
c MeHe aniHK, c Afiraa nopcTeH Kynnra. 

- Afi th OaTO, Oaro JienoTHHe, 

c Te6e aniHK, c Te6e nopcTeH TonaH. 

- Ofi th CajibKO, CajibKO, no6ap KraaK, 



176 



Kora non/nim Kan TBoaTa Kyica, 
Koa Ka bh/hiih qyflOHO rojieMO, 
koh ^0 KOHa K)HaK flo tOHaica, 
bo o/jae Afima A/pKHOBa. 
Kora nofi/je CajibKO flo6ap K)HaK, 
Kora BH^e Hy/jOHO rojieMO, 

KOH flO KOH3, K)HaK flO K)HaKa. 

Bo Oflae Afima A/jraiOBa. 

H e BHKHa Kora nofi/ieni niapeHe o/jae, 

h e BHKHa Afime A/pkhobc: 

- Oh th Afimo, Afimo A/j>khobo, 
an Kann ce Ha mapeHH kohck, 

fla H'OTOHHIH KOpBH flO KOJieHC 

- Oh th CajibKO, CajibKO, /jo6ap K)HaK, 
He ry6n ch TBoa Jiena MJia/jocT, 

Ka ch ofla ot KO^e cy flouuia. 

- Oh th Ahhio, Ahiho A^^KHOBa, 
th ch Jiena, no-Jiena Te HeMa, 
Oara mh e ^para Ha copHeBO, 
TyK Ha th a e/pia 6ejia KHHra, 
6ejia KHHra, m>pHa Haa3na. 

J\& a flanni Ha MoaTa MafiKa, 
3 a H3BHKa ojxxlq h a/pKHe, 
fla Me MneT canyH ot rnpHTa, 
3apa3TypHT... 

fla Me BOpBHT Kpafi nOpTH OaTHHH. 

Kora BHKHa OaTHHaTa MafiKa: 

- Ofi th OaTO, Oaro JienoTHHe, 

afi fla bh/hiih CajibKa ao6ap K)HaK, 
KO^e oht yTymne Ha tocth. 

- Ofi TH MafiKO, MHJia MOa MafiKO, 

CajibKO He ohji OTyuine Ha tocth, 
Tyicy oht y 6&JIH rpoGnma, 
TyK penn My HeKa nonaKaeT, 
Ka OHMe hhcjjth co CajiHa. 
Kora oihjih y 6ejiH rpoGnma, 
mh jieraeT j\o jx&& Tpi>H3a(j)HJiH, 
Merio hhmh e/jHa TbpHyniKa. 

(Mama My usiiezjia Meaw humu m^pHyuiKa, 3auj ne My sena man ujo caxan, a My 
seiia dpyza, mou canon <Pama, maMy sen Auwa.) 



Ill 



CTaHa CajibKOBara MafiKa: 

- Ah th CajibKO, CajibKO, uo6ap K)HaK, 
ajib th 6erae Afiiua He caKame, 

flO nOJI HOKb nOpTH OTBOpeHH, 

ot noji HOKa nopTH 3aTBOpeHH. 
Tora BHKHa AMma jienoTHHa: 

- Oh th HaHe, HaHe CannoBa, 

an jja bhjhiih iho th CTopn CajibKO flo6ap K)HaK. 

- Oh th Ahhio, kopbhho Konnjie, 
3am, mh 3aKJia CaubKa jjo6ap K)HaK? 

- Oh th HaHe, HaHe CannoBa, 

a He th 3aiaiaB CajibKO uo6ap K)HaK, 

Tyicy CajibKO caM ce 3aKJia. 

TyK Ha th a eHa 6ejia KHHra, 

6ena KHHra, HbpHa Haa3na. 

J\& H3BHKam Ofl^ce h a/j>KHe 

J\& ro MHem canyHH Ha rnpHra, 

Ta jja ro MHHem Kpafi OaTHHH nopTH. 

JlyitHpue Jluna, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. M C. Tlupymu 

JV»49 



J. J J- 



40 



m 



49 



5=S 



=^£ 



Hen OH TH 



PH 



L[Be 



TO, MO - pH, 



PH 



# 



m^ 



a - p-b 



yT 



Hen oh th opn IJxjeTO, Mopn, opn apHayTKe 

H IHO Ha BO/ja OHIH MOpH, Jjpo6He CbJI3e pOHHIH. 

Afi^e ua mh penHHi e/jHa MajiKa necMa, 
MHoro ManKa jja e bhhio raacoHTHa, 
jja mh a nyeT Mhjioih y 30HjjaHH. 
EHoniKa Ka BHKHa, jiHCbfl H3na>Kae, 
3a flBa noTH BHKHa, . . . ce CKbpmna, 

3a TpH nOTH BHKHa, KOpHH Ce OTKOpHHa. 



178 



E mh e flonyjio Mhjioiu y 30H/jaHH, 

efi flpy^KHHa, tphhcct. . ., 

a jih ro flonyxTe oho ropuKO nnjie. 

Oho He mh ropHKO nnjie, 

oho mh e U,BeTa ApHayTKa, 

mo ch a caxajio tokmo /jeBeT ro/jHH. 

MupeemKa EaKuija Azymu, c. Cmedjieeo, 03.06.2008, 3<m. B. Touneea, A. TKanoe 

JV»50 



J> = 



232 



te 



H i i'J _h .. i h \ J. j j Ji ^s 



50 



* * m 



d - t ^'J' l tfj ^ 



Eh Man - Ka 



Aa - jto, Ko - pn Tm - jit ce, 



♦ 



^m 



s 



J- J' I Jgpg J' I J. J J I J. 5^ 



«t*i 



mho - ry 



Ky 



Tk) 



jitj ce, 



mo - pe, 



. J- «M J j^ 



mho - ry 



I* 



Eh MafiKa Te 3aaajio, fiopn Tiojibce, MHory Haaajieicy 

Tiojibce, Mope, MHory Haaajieicy 

MHory Ha^ajieKy opn Tiojibce, npeKy U,-bpHO Mope, 

Tiojibce, Mopn, npeKy HbpHO Mope. 

IIpeKy U,-bpHO Mope, Mopn Tiojibce, ceno IlenejiHma, 

Tiojibce, Mopn, ceno IlenejiHma. 

3a MOMne Maemco, Mopn Tiojibce, bo Kyica 6orara, 

Tiojibce, Mopn, bo KyKa 6orara. 

Ha capaM p,a cenm, Mopii Tiojibce, KonpHHa j\& npe/jHiu, 

Tiojibce, Mopn, KonpHHa /ja npeflHiu. 

KonpHHa fla npe/jHiii, Mopn Tiojibce, ajirbHii j\& hjdkhiii, 

Tiojibce Mopn, ajrrbHH p,a hjdkciii. 

- IlycTH th ocTajin, opn ManKO, HeroBH capan 

ManKO Mopn, HeroBH capan. 

Tea mh HMano opn Kyica, He capan 



179 



Tea mh HMano OBnn, He 6ymo3H 

Tea mh HMano Tpn pe/ja bojioh 

- IlycTH th ocTanH, opn MaHKO, HerOBO HMaHbe, 

flejib mh ch Me flana npeicy U,i>pHO Mope. 

MupeemKa EaKuija Azyiuu, c. Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, 3<m. B. Tonneea, A. TKajioe 

JV»51 



51 




. = 76 



^mm 



Jl? J \> 



t 



ipg a 



CeB - ga - hh 



mo - Me, 



nio th raa 




60 -jth, jie-jie Ban 



- CeB^ajiHHa MOMe, iuo th raaBa 6ojih, jiejie, 
CeB/jajiHHa MOMe, rao th raaBafi 6ojih. 

- Hh mh raaBa 6ojih, hh mh nojiOHHa 6ojiht, II 
Tyxy mh e )Kajib6a 3a mohoh TaTKO, jiene, 

3a mohoh TaTKO, 3a MoaHa Mafiica, 

mo ch Me 3a/jaae MJibory Ha/jajieico, nene, MJibory Ha/jajieico, 

MJibory Ha/jajieico, jiene, npeicy IJ.'bpHO Mope, npeicy HbpHO Mope, 

npeKy IJ.'bpHO Mope, 3'eHO Manofi MOMne, Jiejie, 3'eHO Majiofi momhc, 

OT^e a KHHHca, h Tea no MeHe, nene, n Tea no MeHe, 

h to noBHKa: „rionaicaH Me, MaMico, jiejie, nonaKafi Me, Manico!" 

- 5i He cyM th Mainca, Mannic Te H3ropeji, Jiene, 
a He cyM th Mafiica, Majinic Te H3ropeji, 

Tyxy cyM th >KeHa, )KejibKa th b ropjiOTO, Jiene, >KejibKa th b ropjiOTo! 



&epum TaMusu (EeiiKoe),p. 1943 z. ec. Cmedneeo, o6p. 4kji., dupnuKe Cmedneeo; 
c. Cmedjieeo, 17.06.2007, 3an. B. Tonneea 



180 



52 



JV»52 



J> = 



210 




eJ'J J j^ju ^i J ' viaj J^ 



« 



Ch - HOH-Ka goK - aob o - Tb ryp - 6eT, a Man - ko, 



S 



^ 



«^ 



a mm Bjier - jia b na - 3y - Ba, Man - ko, 



^ 



^ 



Chhohk5i flofiflOB ot ryp6eT, a MafiKO, 

3MHa mh BJieraa b na3yBa, MafiKO, 3mhs mh BJieraa b na3yBa. 

- CecTpniie MHJia, cecTpniie, Mopn, 

nyiu,H ^ecHHiia b na3yBa, cecTpo, nymn flecmma, (})aTH a! 

- Ox, 6parqe, ox, mhjio 6paTne, Jiene, 

6e3 Te6e, 6parqe, na ce^a, nene, 6e3 flecHa poxa He ce/ja. 

- Ox, >KCHO, BHKHH 6paT3 TH, MOpH, 

nym,H /jecHHHa (jjaTH a, nene nymn /jecHima, (jjani a! 

- Be3 Te6e, Ma>KO, ica ce^a, jiene, 

6e3 flecHa poica He ce/ja, nejie, 6e3 jjecHa poxa He ce^a. 

- MaHHHHe, MHJia Mafimme, Jiene, 

3MHa mh BJieraa b na3yBa, MafiKO, 3Miia mh BJieraa b na3yBa, 

3MH5I mh BJierjia b na3yBa, Manico, 

nymH ^ecHHHa (jjaTH, Mane, nymn flecmma, (jjarji a! 

- He 6njia 3Miia raapeHa, chhko, 

Tor 6njie >ki>jith ayicaTH, Jiene, Tor 6njie wbmw jxyKam. 

EaiipaM Ey3uoe, c. Cmedjieeo, 17.06.2007, 3an. B. Tonneea 



181 



JV»53 



53 



^ 



J.= 



32 



^3 



• 



Oii Cto - h - He, mo - pii, Mjiajx Cto - a - He, 

.3 , , 



3a - mo 



^ 



S3EE5 



m 



MO-pH 



3Ty 



- TH J1K) - OH 



^^^=5 



apy - ra jtk> - 6ob 

- Oh CroaHe, Mopn, MJia/j Ctohhc, 
3amo oth b Tyra 3eMa, Mopn, 

oth jik)6h flpyra jik)6ob. 

- Th ce KOJiHa, HecTe, bo /jeTeHO 
a He jiio6a Apyra jik)6ob 

Mopn flpyra jiio6ob ot ctpiieBO. 

- He kojihh ce, CroaH, bo fleTeHO, 
fleTeHO e Moe TBoe 

h 3aKOJiHH ce, mo e tboc 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c, Cme6neeo, 11 '.06.200/ ', san. B. Tonneea 

JV»54 

J..J = 3S 



(fo 8 J - J J J « ■ 



54 



4^* 



Die - aaM Me, rae-AaK, ceB - ao, 



^ 



e - CKa 



- Die/jan Me, raeflafi, ceB/jo, ome fleHecica... 
yTpe na 6eraM, ceB/jo, b Tyra TyrHHa Ha ryp6eT. 



182 



- Oh th Ka 6erara, jryro, MeHe Ke ka tpothiu ot Te6e? 

- 5i na Ta TpoTa co MOHTa Mafiica h tboa. 

- IlycTa 3a ocTaHe MOjrra MaMica h tbos, 
Kora He Te HMa, Jin6e, Te6e j\o MeHe, 6e3 Te6e. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c. Cme6neeo, 1/ '.06.200/ ', san. B. Tonneea 

JV»55 



, = 69 



^W 



55 



J I jju 



JIO 



Oh th 



m 



J ' t l>. 



m 



fcsH^ 



nym 






pa 



fla 



IH ' U J J l b 



pa - Ha 



* *L 



npa 



ao - ina 



- Oh th nnjie, nnjie cokojiobo, 
He Te paHa Ha jiob /ja Te nynma, 
tok Te paHa romsl ks Te npaTa. 

- 51 He 3HoaM KO^e Kyxa HMam. 

- Oh th muie, nnne cokojiobo, 
Moa icyica caMa ce no3HHa. 
Hpep, KyKaTa uiapeHa aBJina, 

b aBJinaTa eaeH 3ejieH aop, 

Ha aopo no Tpn KyKaHHe. 

Taa mo e flOJiy b KopHHTe, 

Taa mh e MOflTa Mafimma, 

mo mh Kyica hh He nonyBbex 

Taa mo bi>b cpen CTOJinoHre, 

Taa mh e MoaTa cecTpnua, 

h mh KyxaT, h ce no3acTaBax 

Taa mo e rope Ha BopBonre, 

Taa mh e MoaTa HeBecTa, 

mh ce nyjiH KyH Kbjxe na KJiyBHHx 

Jlyrrupue Jlwia, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupyum 



183 



JV»56 



J^ 



120 



56 




£» 



^^i 



^m 



Cto-h - He a - ae, a>Ka-m>M, or En - 6a - caH, ot Eji-6a - caH 



$ 



m 



■*-» r~g 3— ^ ^=— ~zT \_f a 

3a bo Kae - Hbe, ot Eji - 6a - caH, a>Ka-m>M, 3a bo Kae - Hbe 



CToaHe ii/je, flxaH™, ot En6acaH, 12 
ot Eji6acaH 3a bo KneHbe, 
ot Eji6acaH, /pKaffbM, 3a bo KneHbe. 
Tor ce nyflH Tor ce mhcjih II 



EaupaM Eysuoe, zp. Myp^c (flpm), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tomeea 

JV»57 

J.JJ = 36 



^ 



57 



5i 



J. JU ' *'U'^ J 1 JU'* ^ 



Aft - ge, aft-ae, 6pa-Te, aa Be-'ie-pa - Me 



• 



•^ J I kJ J J I J' tt J J J jj e=; 



ae, aft - ae, 6pa - Te, aa Be - ne - pa - Me 



^ 



"J Ill J'JjiJ JJ I j'J J JPP l| H- J J 



ae, an - ae, opa - Te, aa Be - ie - pa - Me 



« 



^^ 



5 



\>J J J [> J ft * J J J J I J. J 4 



aii - ae, 6pa - Te, aa Be - ne - pa - Me 

184 



- AM/je, afi^e, 6paTe, #a BenepaMe! /4 

- BenepafiTe, cecTpo, He neicaHTe Me, 
a cyM fljio, cecTpo, Ha MeaHa. 

9l cyM 6hjio, cecTpo, Ha MeaHa, 
hjio, nnjio, cecTpo, cyM ce ymijio, 
rojieM 3ynyM, cecTpo, cyM Hanpanjio. II 
CyM 3aicnajio, cecTpo, e/jeH y Mafiica, 
cyM 3aicnajio chhhc e^HO y Mafiica 12 
h Gapaer, cecTpo, KtpBHHHa. 

- 3a KtpBHHHa, 6paTHe, 3a KtpBHHHa 
cecTpa HMaT, 6paTe, /jeBeT CHHa. 12 
EflHO chho MafiKa Ke npe>KajiH 

Koe CHHne MafiKa na npoKajin. 
IIpoKajiHJia MafiKa Hafi-Majic-TO, 
Hafi-ManoTO, Jiejie, Hafi-y6aB0T0. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c, Cmedneeo, 17,06,2007, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»58 

J. J J =40-42 



^ 



58 



5 



Man - Ka h 



eg - ho Me 



$ 



^-3 





Man 



MafiKa HMa e/jHO ne/jo, 

e/jHO neflo MafiKa 3a ^kchchc 

Kora MafiKa ce Hanio™, 

h toh ne/jo MafiKa ro npeKOjma. 

- Jlejie MafiKO, He kojihh Me, 

He cyM Te %3, MafiKO, 3a kojihchc, 

TOKy cbM wi, MafiKO, 3a >KeHeHe. 

Ce^yMflece cena raeTaM 

oceM^ece, MafiKO, momh jno6a. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c, Cmedneeo, 17 .06.2007 , san. B. Tonneea 



185 



JV»59 

Opil MHTpO, M08 MHCJIbO, 

flOKafi ofla, Te6e mhcjia, 
opyM ch Me noTOKHana, 
ot coh ch Me OTCOHana, 
ot jie6 ch Me oaJie6njia. 
-3 OTHflOB Ha TyrHHa, 
TaMy ce/jax Tpn to/ihhh, 
TaMy KapeB Tpn nns/je. 
Co nopBara nopcTeH ToneB, 
co /jpyrara koh ch KynHB, 
co TpeTara ce KHHHcaB, 
ce KHHHCBa flOMa #a n/ja. 
H^eB, H^eB, mo noH/jeB 
h ch nonyx Tpn a6epn. 

- Ope JIhmo, flejiH JIumo, 

mhcjia th ce nOCBOpiHHJia 

h 6e th ce OMO)KHJia. 
H^eB H^eB Ha 30 noji noT, 
Ha noji noT mh KOHbOT nyKHa, 
caMapneTO no paMeHa, 
orjiaBneTO no raaBara. 

JIlOTO ,H,HMO MHCJifl KOJIHHT: 

- Opn Mnrpo, moh MHCJibO, 
fla 6n CTeKJia mo>kko p,ene, 
fla KHHHcam y ManKa th, 

y ManKa th y Tanca th, 
h p,a H^era p,o noji noT, 
fla th nyKHHT mt>>kko rqtq. 
JiejiflHKara no paMeHa, 
noBonneTO no raaBaTa. 
MnTpa CTeKJia mt>)kko rots, 
KHHHcajia y ManKa h, 
y ManKa n, y TaTKa h. 
UJo mh zonula 30 noji noT 
h nyKHajio mi>>kko p,ene, 
JiejiflHKara no paMeHa, 
noBonneTO no rjiaBaTa. 

JIym(pue Jlwia, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupyuiu 



186 



JV»60 



60 



^ J> J>J ^=32 




£ 



S 



1PP 



•» »• 



- Jie 



*^ — w 
Ba - rbe. 



h - Ma 



O - po 



Bpoc-He HH 



^ 



& 



g 



£^s 



;S 



\ * * 



ma - a ao 3e - mm, a oa aeH Hop - reB - aeH ao aeH 



Mht - poB - AeH 



Opo 6ejiefie b pocHe jiiiBarbe, 

AHa HMame uiaa p,o 3eMii, 

ofl fleH TiopreBfleH #o p,eu MHrpoB/jeH, 

naK 6eme uiaa HeaonpaeHa. 

Py>Ka HMame maa p,o 3eMii, 

maa p,o 3eMH cpe6po flo noac, 

cpe6po flo noac ajrrc>H ot noac. 

Tyn noMHHae rojieMH KapBaH, 

rojieMH KapBaH Ajihjih 6para, 

CBHTe ce AHe H3noicnoHHa, 

a Py>Ke ce He onynne. 

Ko mh OTH/je Pyma /jeBonica: 

- OTBOpH, MaHKO, BpeMHBa MaHKO, 

nycTO ocTano cpe6po ro noac, 

cpe6po flo noac, ajm>H ot noac, 

fla ocTaHMe p,a npo/janMe, 

aa noKynHMe n/jninHK 6paren. 

To HCTaiie, ro npofla/je, 

n noicynne n/nininic 6paren. 

Chhko ne, BHKaT, Manico He BHKaT, 

6paTO ne BejiHT, cecTpo He bcjiht. 

JIym(pue Jlwia, zp. Tupana, 12.2008, san. X. u C. Tlupymu 



187 



JV»61 



61 



J = 160 




ne - bom - ko. 




h i h \) > 



m 



Ba - jth, o - pH #e - boh - ko, 
6e - pH, o - pH fle - boh - ko, 



bo jth - Ba - re 
CBe - KaK - bo uBe 



ho 
Kbe 



| i ] J"3 1 ^ 



HaBanH, fleBOHKO, HaBajiH, 
HaBajiH, opn fleBOHKO, bo jiHBareHO 
Ha6epn, opn fleBOHKO, CBeKaKBO uBeKbe. 
Hanpan ch, /jcbohko, Hanpan ch, 
HanpaBH ch, opn /jcbohko, Kiicica npnjiena. 
Ka flOHT BpeMe, /jcbohko, Ka /joht BpeMe, 
Ka flOHT BpeMe, fleBeKofi, Ka th noTpeOirr. 

CO KHCKa, fleBOHKO, CO KHCKa, 

CO KHCKa, OpH fleBOHKO, CBaTOH Ka CTtpKam. 

Cademe Tlupyuiu, p. 1954 z. e Cmedneeo, o6p. noiiyeuciue, MeduifUHCKa cecmpa, 
om 1977 a. otcuenna e Endacan, om 1997 otcueee e Tupana; zp. Cocpun, 10.06.2008, 
san. B. ToHHeea 



JV»62 



62 



r 



$5 || A« : 



J=te 



A - JIH ch ao - Ma, 



oh ge - BOH - KO, 



I 



^=w 



a - jiH cm ca - Ma 






- Ajih ch flOMa, oh fleBOHKO, anH ch caMa? 

- JJ^OMa h cyM, Jiy^o h MJia^o, caMa He cyM, II 
30Ma h e, JiyAO h MJia/jo, Moa Mafiica /2 

- 3a MafiKara th, jry/jo h MJia/jo, KOJia... /2 
Ka 6eme Te, jry/jo h MJia/jo, kh momhmc /2 
Coc 6a6o th, JiyflO h MJia/jo, coc 6a6o th 
Ka My fla^a, jry/jo h MJia/jo, bhho paKHa. II 
H fla nne, jry/jo h MJia/jo, h /ja cnne. II 

EaupciM Eysuoe, zp. ffyp'bc (ffpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tomeea 



ill- 



40 



^ 



JV»63 



m 



^ 



* \} j \ \> i 



»^ 



Efl 



nn - ne 



3a - Tb-BO 



pe - ho. 



♦ 



/Cs 



#»^^ 



OeH - ijacaM 



EflHO nnjie 3aTBopeHO, oh 6eH/pKaM nnjieHO, /2 
nnjieTO BejiH - Ilia ch 6era ot iuapeHa o/jaa. 
HecTaTa bcjih - He 6erafi mh, oh SeH^pcaM nnjieHO, 



189 



na Te paHa co cyBO rpofi3be, oh 6eH/pKaM nnneHO, 
na Te paHa co mapeH raeKep, oh 6eH/pKaM nnjieHO. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c, Cmedneeo, 17,06.2007, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»64 



J. J J = 3 



38 



^ 



^m 



a 



64 



^^ 



H3 J7IT 



aa 



aa 



i- J-HJ'J 



fla 



po - ct - Ha, 



♦ 



fla e 



poc 



... H3 jiHBafla/2 

jiHBa^a e pocHa, jiene, JiHBa/ja e pocHa II 

a no Hea jry/jo h MJiaao, a no Hea jryao n MJiaao 

n Ha MOMa both, jiene, h Ha MOMa roBopn: 

- IIoctoh, MOMe, nonaKan Me, nocTofi, MOMe, nonaKan Me, 
Hemo Ka th pena, jiene, Hemo Ka th pena. 

J\& th Kyna hcbjith nejin, ^a th Kyna )kt>.jith nejra, 
ajin na rn hochui, ajin na rn nyBaui? II 

- Kynn, jry/jo, Kynn, MJia/jo, Kynn, nyao, Kynn, MJia/jo, 
3amo fla He Hoca, jiene, HeMa mo /ja Hoca. II 

EaupaM Eysuoe, zp. Myp'bc (ffpan), 03.04.2008, 3an. B. Tomeea 



190 



JV»65 



65 



JJ = 



40 



3m 




w 



^ 



Ka - >kh a - ho. 



Ka - >kh ay - nio, 



« 



U I H i> 



^ 



KO - H Be 



nep 



33 Aa flOH 



m 



Ka>KH >Iho, Ka^KH flymo, Koa Benep A3 /ja /jon/ja /2 

- Koa caKara, Taa /joh/jh, co MJib03HHa /ja He /jon/jem, 

OflafiqeTO e Mano, caMO 3eMaT toh fioprHa, 6ejio ctpe 

toh He 3Hae Ka/je ce/ja, b oflafiqeTO BapocaHO 

a mh neH/pKep /pKaMJiocaHO 

Ka a^eivie h Ka nneivie, rojieM /j>KyM6yiH Ka npaHMe 

h Ha ... Ke cnneMe. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, zp. ffyp"bc (flpm), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 

JV266 

.. J J = 40 



dbs J - JlJ * 



66 



£ 



3a 



fla - pa, npe - cna 



jie - jie, bo jie 



# 



/7\ 



60 ■ 



m 



pn - He 



CTe6 - jreB - 



191 



3acnajia 3 a P a > npecnajia, jiene, 
bo ne 6opHHe ctcGjicbckh. 
KpoTKO a HaHe 6yfleme, Jiene: 

- CTaHH MH, fl,apO, CTaHH MH, 
CTaHH MH fl,apO, CTaHH MH CCBflO, 

OBHHre th no6erHaa II, nene, 
bo 3ejieHHHe jiHBa/ni. 
03flOJia H^e PaMa/jaH, jiene, 
co HtpBeHHOT ^>KaMaflaH. 
Co H>pBeHHOT fl^KaMa^aH 
co Hea 6e.no KonHnne. 
Tofi na fi ayMa ,}la noHT, Mopn, 

TaTKO MH Ha fie flOKa>KHT, 

TaTKO mh na Me onepHT, 
MafiKa mh na Me 3aicojiH." 



EaupaM Ey3uoe, zp. Myp'bc (ffpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»67 

..J J = 36 
67 




IIo - na,n - Ha 



• 



*^^ 



=W= 



H3 KpM - Ba 



pe 



Pa 



=*S= 



' y6aBH 



IIonaflHajie mh a36ne 345 
H3 KpHBa pexa Pa^HKa, 
H3 OHe cena pncTHflHCice. 
Crapo h MJia^o KOJiea, 
e/pia HeBecTa rpa6ea. 



192 



H/jea, mo noH/jea, 
KyTpa HeBecTa cyeraHa. 

- HeBecTO, /jo6pa hcbccto, 
m,o TOJiKy 6tp3y cycTaHa? 

J\?Ljm TH TOKH KOJiaHOT, 

ajiH th tokh rep^aHOT? 
Ta hm BejiH roBopii: 

- HHTO MH TOKH KOJiaHOT, 
HHTO MH TOKH rep/jaHOT, 

Tyicy MH TOKH MepaKOB, 

KOra MHJIO MH MOMHe KOJieBTe, 

npaBO bo MeHe me/jame 

H flpo6HH CT>JI3H pOHeme. 

MupeemKa EaKuifa Aeyiuu, c. Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, 3<m. B. Touneea, A. TKcvioe 

JV268 



J>- 



: 220 



^ 



i'J J J~] I J ^ 



^ 



68 



s i J- J r. 



^^ 



i{ - JTH He TH 



pe 



kob, mo - pe 



<Da 



♦ 



W^ 



Me, 



Oa - to Mo-pe, 



P§ 



« 



FU 1 J 



Kafi 



Me 



.Hjih He th peicoc}), Mope ®aro, o/je He HaKafi Me, 

®aro Mope, o/je He HaKaM Me. 

E HH3aM cyM nmiiaji, OaTO Ha HH3aM Ka 03a 

Oaro Mopn, Ha HH3aM Kfl 03a. 

Afi^e 3 a mh Kaacem, Ajihjiij py KOJibiy Ka ceniu, 

®aro Mopn, py KOJibny kh ceniu. 

Eh ajiH fleBeT ropwa, Oaro, ajiH pecej ropwH, 

OaTO Mopn, ajiH fleceT ropwH. 



193 



Ha fleBeT ro/jHH, opn Oaro, aico caM He flOH/ja, 

®aro Mopn, KHHra Ka th nyraa. 

Th My fla flaera, opn Oaro, Ha tboh /jeBeT 6para, 

®aro Mopn, Ha Hafi-MaeHKHHe. 

Ha Hafi-MaeHKHTe, opn ®aro, Ajihji h CajiHio, 

®aro Mopn, Ajihji h CajiHio. 

Tne 3a a nefieT, opn ®aro, th coji3h p,a pohhih. 

®aro Mopn, h fla ch ce mcwkhih. 

MupeentKa EaKutfa Aaytuu, c. Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, A. sKaiioe 

JV»69 

,h=288 



^ 



ff^ 



69 



5i 



* 



0*0 



fle ge - boh - Me 



utp-Ho - ko - en-He, ht>p-ho e ctp-ue 



* 



J. J nuti J hs 



MaH - Ke TH, 



H>p - HO 



ctp - ue 




LT r b p J 



1 



U>p - HO 



c-bp - He 




? 



TH 



pH 



My 



fle fleBofiie HtpHOKOCHne, 
HtpHO e ctpHe MafiKe th, /3 
>KapH My neneji TaTKO th. 
m,o He Te /jane 3a MeHe, 12 
Tyicy Te fla^e flo MeHe, /2 
30 MeHe y moh KOMinne, 12 

KOMUIHe HbpBH flyiHMaHH. 

Kora Ka ohih Ha BO^a, 12 

Kpafi ayicaH p,a mh homhhhhi, 12 



194 



ceHKara b pyKZH jja bjic3ht, II 
jja ceHKa (jjycTaH /ja KpoBaM, 12 
MepaKOT 3a mh iiomhhht. 

MupeemKa EaKuua Azyuiu, c. Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, 3<m. B. Tonneea, A. TKajioe 

JV»70 



JJ = 



44 



70 



#1 



m 



* * 



n 



00* 

Bo-jieHne->KHT MJia-Tt Cto 

Eo-JieHJl^-JKHT Ke K)M 



- »■ * * 

HH 
PUT 



Haa 
4em 



rua - Ba 

MM Cbjl 



My 

3M 



« 



J j^Hjj j, J IP 



« 



Ta - a no-po - Hy 

1, ,2 



3C - Ta 


CMiiK - ko ne 


Te 


K> 


po 


Ka 


y - Ba 


ot »caji-6a 

1 3, 


3a 


Cto - 

, 4r 


H 


Ha 



^ 



BojieH JIOKHT MJiaT Ctohh, 
6ojieH jiokht Ke iompht 
Hafl raaBa My MJiaaa My HeBecTa 
C Mt)KKO fleTe K) poKa 
qeniMH CBJI3H Taa nopoHyBa 
ot >Kaji6a 3a CTOflHa. 
Ctosh mh ce pa36yaii 
Ha HeBecTa roBopn: 

- HeBeero, th 6pe MJia^aH HeBeero, 

m,0 MH Jia/HHH JIHKOBO, 

flajiH chthh poco pocoBaMe, 

flajIH CHTHH flTOKflOBH? 

- Hhto h chthh poco pocoBafie, 

HHTO H CHTHH flTOKflOBH, 

MOHBe coji3h no jihko th KaneT, 
IHO TH jiajjeT JIHKOTO. 

MupeemKa Eamua Azyuiu, c. Cmedneeo, 03.06.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, A. TKanoe 



195 



JV»71 



71 



# 



J.= 



^^ 



^ 



*• * "»~ 



Tpn ro - ah - hh, Ka - Te, 60 - jieH jie - >Kax, 



gap 



TH He AOM, 



« 



=M 



^ 



^ 



^ 



- pH Ka - Te, Aa Me bh - ahuj, 



Aa Me bh - ahuj, Ka - Te, 



« 



K,] | M 



U 1 ^-^\> 



jx& Te bh - mm, aa mh AO-He - cn-uit, Ka - Te, no-Ha - j\w - ua 

Tpn roflHHH, KaTe, 6ojieH jie)Kax, 
th He flofi, opn KaTe, ua Me bh/thiii, 
jja Me BH/niiH, KaTe, p,a Te BH/jaM, 
na mh flOHecHiu, KaTe, noHa/nma, /2 
noHa^HHa, opn KaTe, jiio6eHima, 12 
bo cpefl neTO, opn KaTe, )KOJiTa flyHH, /2 
bo cpen 3HMa, opn KaTe, npecHa pii6a. 

0epum TaMU3U (EeiiKoe), c. Cmedneeo, 04.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»72 



J = 



108 



72 



S 



5^ 



FlH-Ae-HO mh ne - Me, 6pe MAa-Aa He - Bee 



* 



^ 



£5 



S 



#* 



mi - Jie - ho mh ne 



He pa - ho npea 30 - 



pa 



196 



niuieHO mh nefie, 6pe MJia^a HeBeero, 
nnjieHO mh nefie paHO npe/i 3opa. 
IlHJieHO mh both, 6pe MJia/jafi HeBecTO, 
nnjieHO mh BejiH yTpe p,a mh CTaHHin 
Th fla mh CTaHHin, 6pe MJia/jafi hcbccto, 
th fla mh CTaHHin cyTpa no-paHO 
H 3a mh cnpeMam, 6pe MJiaaafi HeBecTO, 
h fla mh cnpeMam KOHbOH /jopna, 
Ka o/ja Tyra TyrHHa, 6pe MJiaaafi hcbccto. 
Ka>KH mh Kami, 6pe MJia/jafi hcbccto, 
Ka^KH mh Kaacn, mo fla th nyma. 
JJanH napn caKam, p,aim nncMO caKam, 
aajin MeHe Haicain /jOMa #a flofi^a. 
Hhth napn caicaM, hhth nncMO caicaM, 
caMO Te6e naicaM aoMa p,a /jofi/iein. 
IlapHHe ce apnnT, nncMOHO ce ima, 
a HamaTa jho6ob, jho6ob 30 rpo6a. 

KMMUJia Haymu, MupeemKa EaKux^a Azymu, zp. Tupana, 30.03.2008, 3an. B. Toh- 
neea 



JV»73 



J> = 



208 



73 



« 



h^i^i^jnrJ^^ 



5 



E» 



^£ 



m 



IIo-TeMCM Btp-Be-ine, Ma-i«o, wi-ho jiy-ao Mjia - no e/mo jiy-aoMjia - no 



$ 



h J' ^ J' J' h 



^^ 



g 



W 



^ 



oh - ^h no - rra - Tan ro, 



^ 



- IIoTeM en BtpBeme, MaMO, e/jHO jry/jo MJia^o II 
ofifln nonnrafi ro, MaMO, ami e >KeHaTO. 12 

Ako e Geicapne, MaMO, ^OMa /johcch ro! 

- HeMofi, KbepKO, HeMofi aymo, Benepa HeMaMe. 

- Benepa 3a Hero, MaMO, Moa TbHica CHara. 

- HeMofi flymo, HeMofi KbepKO, nocTejia HeMaMe. 

- nocTejia 3a Hero, Mafiico, Moa paBHa CHara. 

Cadpu Mypamu, p. 1966 z. e c. Cme6neeo, KMem na cenomo; c. Cmedneeo, 
22.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea 



197 



JV»74 



Rubato 



jn [; 



^ 



74 



J J . ^J ^ 



m 



Ma - jiafi mo 



Me, a-jiH 3Ha-eni, mo - Me, mo He 




^ 



m 



p p p p p 



n-r [j ^ ' 



e a - jih 3Ha - eui, mo - pn mo -Me, 



m 



/^\ 



E; J X. J T " P 



?F 



fla 



ceB - fla 



ro - piiT, mo - pn, Ha ctp 



ne 



- Majiafi MOMe, ajiii 3Haera, MOMe, mo fie ceB^a, 
e ajiH 3Haera, Mopn MOMe, mo fie ceB/ja 

ceB^a ropirr, Mopn, Ha ctpiieBO, 
ofi ceB/ja ropHT, Mopn, Ha ctpHeBO, 
icar 3Be3flHTe, Mopn MOMe, Ha He6oHO. 

- Mope nyflo, Mope Jiyzio h MJia/jo, 

th p,a nofi/nnu, Mopn, b paBHa ropa, II 
fla H3ceHHiu, Mope, flBa (})H/iaHa, II 
fla HanpniH, Mope, fltnra cicana, II 
th fla BJie3Hiu, Jiyzjo, Ha neH/pKepa. 

EaupciM Eysuoe, c, Cmedneeo, 17.06,2007, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»75 



^ 



75 



£ 



^^ 



^ 



CTa 



pa - ho 



npea so 



pa, ne - jie, 



;S 



J u 1 * * i ^ 



i» j j' j j i j. j 



- AaM, MO - pM, 



pa 



198 



CraHaB ch paHO npefl 3opa, jiejie, 3a p,a ch o^aM, Mopn, Ha ropa, 

chjihh TonaHH 6yBafie, jiene, mocto ceno, Mopn, 6y/jefie. 

- He /jafi Me, Mafiico, bo TbopHija, nene, no hokji ce/jaM p,owu,a, 

Tor flafi Me, Mafiico, b CreGjieBO, Mopn, 3a ohh nycTH, Mopn, 6eicapH. 

BecfleH Ha kjho6oh ce/jefie, Mopn, jnoTa paicna nnfiefie, 

jnoTa paKHa nnfiefie, Mopn, Me3e npefl hhmh HeMafie, 

Me3e npefl hhmh HeMafie, jiejie, MeHe 3a Me3e, Mopn, 6apafie 

B TbopHHa HMaT pa6oTa, b CreGjieBO HMaT My3HKa. 

EaupciM Eysuoe, c, Cme6neeo, 17 .06.2007 , san. B. Tonneea 

JV»76 



J..J = 



36 



^ 



I I MJ^' V 



76 



p cj-p J - i ffpr j 



Po-ah, ivia -mo, o-me c-ho 6e - Ka - pa, Ka-ia> ^a nw-a 



s 



^^ 



s 



pa 



aa h i«aM apy 



- Pojjh, MaMO, ome eHO 6eicapa, 
KaK 3a nna 3a HMaM /jpyrapa. 
Moa MaMa 6eicapyina 6njia, 
a h MeHe Geicapa po/inna. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c. Cmedneeo, 17 .06.2007 , san. B. Tonneea 



199 



JV»77 



77 



. = 126 




en - neH Be - Tap, Mo-pii, oa mo- 



• 



pe 



• 



m 



u J ' J- # 



rioji 6aB - He, jie - jie, paT - jih 



(3a6. Tlpod-bJi^caea ei>pxy MejioduHHun Modeji na emopama cmpotpa.) 

ripoBeaji mh CHJieH BeTap, Mopn, 074 Mope, II 
mh OTBea Ha ricm 6aBne, uene, paTJiHie 346 , 12 
Ha rioji 6aBHe Tpn acmce 347 , jiene, bhcok£, 
nofl acHKe Tpn KmaHH, jiene, b Kopc H07j3e. 

KapiUH HHMH TpH TjeBOHKH, JieJie, Ha H07J3e, 

ntpBa caKaT pyfiHO bhho, Jiene, HtpBeHO, 
Tjpyra caKar py/jo 348 arae, nejie, neneHO, 
TpeTa caxaT pyM paiaia, jiejie, HHraroica. 

MupeemKa EaKUi\a Azyvuu, c. Cmedjieeo, 03.06.2008, 3<m. B. Touneea, A. TKanoe 



346 TpeBa, iuo Miipnca y6aBO, y6aBa. 

347 flpiBO bhcoko, jiHCte ManKH, Kora BeMT, THe myMeT. 

348 



c y6aBa BtnHa 



200 



JV»78 



78 



)J J.= 63 ^ 2 —~ 



Co - (J)h - a, Co - (j)H - a, 



CO - (J)H 



• 



mo, Co - (j)n - a 



Co - ())h - a h - Me ro - jie 



« 



ro - ne. 



Han - ro - jie - Ma - Ta 



« 



Ha - rpa 



m 



a) CocJMa, CocjjHa, CocjjHa, CocjjHa HMe rojieMO, 
CocjjHa HMe rojieMO, HaH-raneMara Harpa/ja, 
Hafi-rojieMaTa Harpa/ja, onene arHeTa Ha... 



6) 



Jl = 



60-63 



« 



JSSJE^, 



B-bji - ko Hep 



BeH - KOB 



CO - <J>H 



* 



*3 



Co - (J)H - a 



h - Me 



ro - ne 



« 



Co - (J)H a, h 



ro - Jie 



« 



^ 



* * 



Han - ro - ne - Ma - Ta Ha - rpa 

201 



fla 



6) BejiKO HepBeHKOB Cocj)Ha, Cocj)Ha HMe roxieMO, 
CocjjHa HMe rojieMO, HaH-raneMara Harpa/ja, 
Hafi-rojieMaTa Harpa/ja, jxy rbq flraeTa Harpa/ja. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c. Cmedneeo, 17.06,2007, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»79 

J..J-40 



^ 



£ 



79 



Cto - h - hh - ije, MO-pn, Mjra-Aa He- Bee - to, 



mo TH 



J. J J 1 1 1 a J J 



S 



jih - kot, MO-pn, no - Ben - Ha - jio, 



MO - pH, UJO TH 



• 



^=fc 



HH - KOT 



no - Ben - Ha - no 



CroaHime, Mopn, MJiaaa hcbccto, 

111,0 TH JIHKOT, MOpH, nOBCHHajIO, 
MOpH, UJO TH JIHKOT nOBCHHajIO II 

KaKO nxiaTHO He6ejieHO, 
Mopn, KaKO nxiaTHO He6ejieHO. 
CToaHHHe, opn, MJia/ja hcbccto, 
mo th ycTa no^ropeHH, 
Mopn, mo th ycTa noflropeHH 
KaKO Jiiorana opeoBa, 
Mopn, KaKO Jiiorana opeoBa. 

0epum Tomu3u (EeiiKoe), c. Cmedneeo, 04.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



202 



JV»80 



, = 66 



80 



fEi 



*; 



fl i b n jl i i j M 



Pp 



* a — — r — p ^~ — m n ~ » * 

Kpafi Bap - aa- po poc-Ha Tpe - Ba pac-HHT KpaH Bap - m 

1 , 



I 



P^-g 



^^ 



HHT 



poc 



Ha Tpe - Ba pac - 



Kpaii Bapnapo pocHa TpeBa pacHHT. /2 
Ha TpeBara ^KOJiTafi npenepyBKa. /2 

0epum Tomu3u (EeiiKoe), c. Cmedneeo, 17,06.2007, san, B, Tonneea 

JV»81 



J^ 



132 



m 






K)T-peH no - pa - 



$ ti J B JJ JJ Hfc 



K' I U J J 



ho, e ope flaca - hi>m, 



m 



rpa 



« 



m 



u 



^ 



^±^ 



6miu 



KO - HbOT ,0,0 - pH 



m 



$ 



^^ 



K I W !■ 



~* JS 

hhhj bo - aa, mo - pw, CTy - ne - Ha 



203 



J\& CTaHHiu K)Tpefi no-paHO, e 6pe /j^KairbM, 

fla CTaHHiu lOTpefi no-paHO, 

fla rpaGniu KOHbOT /jopjifl, 

js,a nojiHHiu BO^a, Mopn, CTy/jeHa. II 

&epum TaMU3U (EeiiKoe), c. Cmedneeo, 17,06.2007, san, B, Tonneea 

JV»82 



, = 104 



» 



M^» h_h 



82 



S 



S 



KaM-6a-Ha 614-e, Ma-Mo, KaM-6a-Ha Dm - e KaM-6a-Ha 6m - e 

- KaM6aHa 6iie, MaMO, KaM6aHa 6iie II 
3a koto 6iie, MaMO, 3a koto 6iie? 
3a BaMpaMa 6iie, MaMO, Jibena Ke Ha/jBHe, 
3a MeHe 6iie, MaMO, Jibena Ke HaaBiie. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c, Cme6neeo, 17.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»83 

J = 96 



83 



#i 



m 



r< J I J I 



Jle - jih 



mo - pw jie, 



• 



f 



3^# 



^ 



60 - JIM 



JlejiHHa MOMe, Jiejiima Mopii ne, 
jiejiHHa MOMe, rjiaBa mh 6ojih. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, c. Cmedneeo, 17 .06.2007 , san. B. Tonneea 



204 



JV»84 



J.JJ^ 



40 



^ 



S 



S^ 



IIpo - nafl-Ha 



npo-na/i-Ha-jia Hlap njia-HH - Ha, afl-ae jie, 




^ 



npo - naa-Ha 



npo-naa-Ha-jia LUap njia-HH - Ha 



IIponajTHajia, npona/niajia Illap imaHima, afi^e ne, 

npona/niajia, npona/niajia Illap njiaHHHa, 

no/KJjarnjia, no^cjjaTHJia Tpn OBiapa, afiae Jie 

nofl(j)aTHJia, no/jcjjaTHJia Tpn OBnapa, 

Tpn OBnapa, Tpn OBnapa, Tpn 6eicapa, afi^e ne 

toh OBnapa, Tpn OBnapa, Tpn 6eicapa. 

He ce mojiht, fie ce mojiht ntpBii OBiap, afi afi 

fi ce mojiht, fi ce mojiht ntpBH OBiap: 

- IlyiHH MeHe, nymn MeHe, UJap njiaHHHa, afi afi 
nymii MeHe, nymn MeHe, Illap njiaHHHa, 
HMaM Mafixa, HMaM Mafiica, mo Me manw, afi afi, 
HMaM MafiKa, HMaM Mafiica, mo Me )KajiH. 

H ce mojiht, fi ce mojiht BTopn OBiap, afi afi, 
fi ce mojiht, fi ce MOJIHT BTOpH OBnap: 

- IlymH MeHe, nymn MeHe, UJap njiaHHHa, afi afi 
nymn MeHe, nymn MeHe, Illap njiaHHHa 

HMaM aceHa, HMaM }KeHa, mo Me naica... 

EaupaM Eysuoe, zp. flyptc (ffpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»85 

J =104 



^Pf 



i m^ 



85 



rj^M. 



^ 



E-HaHe - Bec-Ta Ka-jie - uia, Ka-jie - ma 



^ 



:^S 



^=H^ 



* * 



pm 



m> 



me 



Ha bh-cok Ma-pt-gaK ce - ne - me Ha bh-cok nap-gaK ce - ne 

205 



EHa HeBecTa Kajieiua, Kajieiua II 
Ha bhcok nap^aK ce^eine, 12 
/jeBeT rojiaGn paHerae, paHerae, 
paHerae hm ce MOJieme, MOJieiue: 12 

- ranaGii, 6pe mhjih 6para, 

Biie bhcoko (jjypare, aMa, (jjypare. 

Biie bhcoko (jjypare, jieTare, /3 

bo rpa/j Cocjjna meTaTe, Jicne, meTare. 

J\a He ro bh^obtc toh Ajieicca Ajieicca 349 ? /3 

- BnflOBMe KaK He bh^obmc, bh^obmc, /3 
pyBO 3a Te6e Kyneme. 

Cadpu Mypamu, c, Cmedneeo, 22.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea 

JV»86 

J^ =288 



$m 



fe 



m 



k^Ez^ 



m 



E - jie - ho mo - Me, E - jie - ho, E - jie - ho mo - Me, E - jie - ho, 



lOJ'/iTj i j. yj m j>; 



He ra-3n ce-HO 3e - jie-HO 3e - jie - ho 

- EjieHO MOMe, EneHO, /4 
He ra3H ceHO 3ejieHO, 12 
He ra3H ceHO 3ejieHO, 12 

OT MJiaflH MOMHH KOCeHO. 12 

Cadpu Mypamu, c. Cme6neeo; 22.06.2007, san. B. Tomeea 



' TyK ce nocTaBH HMeTO Ha Mna^oaceHeua. 



206 



JV«87 



^ = 264 



87 



fe^'^Jdj I j.jJ^ I ^J.J 



wm 



Afi-ge, bo - ge - hh - Ma - pe, 



CO - Me - HH MH >KH - TO - 



i 



^ ^ 



J _MJ._hJbJg 



^^ 



an - /ie, bo - n,e - hh - na - pe, 



6am npH - a - Te - jie. 



p 



assas 



^ ^ 



t. 



* 



^ 



Bo-^e - hh - u.a - Ba bo - a& mh He - Max, He th Me - jthm ;kh - to - 



• 



ina 



^ 



- Afi^e, BOfleHHHape, comcjih mh >khtoto, 
afi^e, BOfleHHnape, 6ara npnaTejie. /2 

- BofleHHijaBa BO/ja mh HeMaT, He th momm >khtoto. /2 

- Afi^e BOfleHHHape, 6aiu npnaTejie, II 

MoaHa ycTa TBoa Heica 6H/je, comcjih mh >kototo. 

- Bo/jeHHHaBa BO/ja mh HeMaT, He th MejiflM otitoto. II 

- MoflBa CHara tboa Heica 6H/je, coMejin mh >khtoto. II 

Cadpu Mypamu, c. Cme6neeo; 17.06.2007, san. B. Tomeea 



207 



JV»88 



j>= 



264 



^ 






Te ny 



ana - BeH K) 



^ 



no - pe - th 



tJ nj m z 



Kpy - mo 



~r- — # — *~ 

HH 



fla Te qyfie cnaBeH K)HaK, nopeTH rbe KptomoBaHii: 
- Mope, BHe KpymoBaHH, mo ceHTe Ha/ia/jemi, 
m,o ceHTe Ha/ia/jemi, co KyKHTe H3ropeHH, 
co KyKHTe H3ropeHH, co MOKHTe npe6opaHH. 

0epum Tomu3u (EeiiKoe); c. Cmedneeo, 17.06.2007, 3an. B. Tonneea 



208 



2. CJIOBECHH MATEPHAJIH 350 

2.1 OGmHOCTTa - lie ropiin h peJiHriia 
2.1.1 IIJo hu dejium Hac - edun useop w,o eopeum... EyzapcKume cejia - do Ila- 

CUHKU. 

BiicmeTa MypaTOBa: J\o Hac HMa Apyro ce.no, mo 36opBeT Ka Hac - fie KneHbe. 3a/j 

Hac, 3&j\ Cre6.neBO, e BopoBO, mo He 3hoht aa 36opBHT 6yrapcKH fio3HK, a mo hh 

aejiHT Hac - e^HH H3Bop mo bopbht, Merio ceno CreGjieBO h ce.no BopoBO, Cre6- 

jieBO e Tyxa, a cyM 6mia TaMO aa pa6oTa, OBHe /picarypHHa 351 He 3hoht na 36opBaT 

6yrapcKO. 

Becejnca ToHneBa: 3amo? 

B. M CreGjieBHH 3HaaT 6yrapcKH, no-npeKO e Ce6nma, Ha Kycjjna 352 , Ha rpaHH- 

Ha co KneHbe, KneHbe e ceno 36opBHT 6yrapcKH, a Ce6nma H3nojrra 353 36opBHT 

6yrapcKH, H3nojrra 36opBHT apHayTCKH. TyKa na onnin no-npeKO, H^eiu rimeeii 

- TiiHeeH 36opBHT 6yrapcKO, Tpe6nma no-npny 36opBHT 6yrapcKO, Harao, nofi- 

flHiu b Jla^OMepHHa - 36opBHT 6yrapcKO. -3 MHC.ua, no.no bopbht oxe, OBHe cena 

36opBHT 6yrapcKO, OBHe Tyxa apHayTCKO - OBe bopbht H3BopoT nocpe/i OBe cena, 

e^HO ceno 36opBH apHayTCKO, e/nro 36opBHT 6yrapcKO. H mo Mora na MHCJia a. 5i 

He 3Haa. 

Buojiema Mypamoea, p. 1955 z. e Cme6neeo, o6p, eucuie, Hcmajien ynumen (25 

zodunu e Cmedjieeo) , om 1995 a, OKueee e Tupcrna; zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. 

ToHHeea, K. Pamonee 



Cnnpo Mapicy: HneT Cre6neBO, KneHbe, riraeen, nocne HneT Tpe6nma Kaxo ceno, 

BopMHHa, nocne OcTpeHH Mano, RxneMO OerpeHH... (...) 

Becenica ToHneBa: KaK My e hmcto - Mann OerpeHH? 

C. M. MaiiHOCTpeHH ro BHicaMe Mne, Tojicmo OcTpeHH, ce /me OcTpeHH - roneMO 

h Mano. 

B. T. A ca 6jih30 Tojicmo h Mano OcTpeHH? 

C. M. BjiH3y ca, aKH nojiBima naca neuiKH. Ilocjie ot Ma.no OcTpeHH ohhi bo 
Tynenn, nocne Bnarani bo JlannMepnHa, h Ta ceno Tyxa, IlacHHKH, no IlacHHKH 
MnpeniH, to e an6aHCK0. 

B. T. MeHe 6yrapcKHTe Me HHTepecyBar. 

C. M. ByrapcKHTe no IlacHHKH.. 

B. T. Kojiko ca cena, rn 3Haera? HMa 20 cena? (...) 

C. M. Bh/jh cera - KneHbe enno, Cre6neBO /me, rimoBen Tpn, Tpe6nma Harae 



350 B pa3/;en „CnoBecHH MaTepHanH" Ha IIpHJioaceHHeTO ynapemiTe ruacHH ca OT6enH3aHH 
npe3 onuHATa Bold (noHepHjme). 

351 neua 

352 rpamma 



209 



ceno ome Herapn, BopMHHa neT, IlacHHKH mecT, JlamiMepHHa cejxyM, OBe tpGejie 
ocyM, KtpHHraa ^eBex.. 

B. T. A Tiia ("LpGejie, RbpHHraa) Kt/je ca? 

C. M. Koh ,H,e6ap ca raa, koh MaKajiapn, koh ,H,e6ap. 

B. T. A bo "LpGejie ca hcto xphcthshh? 

C. M. KpiiCTHaHH, MeraaHH, noeKbe kphcthshh, aMa MemaHH. 

B. T. A BopMHija e 6njia caMO kphcthshh? 

C. M. CaMO KpncTHaHH, Te ce H3Meniaa, obhc p,owp,eHw ca, Kymia KyKH 354 , aMa e 
6np,eiio... ceno Hame. HMa kphcthshh h bo TpeGnraa e HMaHO, ca H36eraHH, THe 
KpncTHaHHTe H36eraHH, mcctoto ro BHKaT rboprHHne, HMa Mapico KyKH, hhbjihk, 
TaM 6ea erai Ctosh ce BHKa, eHH Bopnc, /jeMeK KpHcraaHHTe TaMO TaKa ce BH- 
KaT, HMame e^HH Ajickco ro BHKae, Tye kphcth3hhh h Tye HMaT HMaHO cejia, bo 
TpeGnraa, cera HeMaT ocTaHaTO, ch ca nofifleHH, ho HMaT ccjioto, /jeMeK jho/hi 
MeraaHH... 

B. T. Tna, kohto ca koh ,H,e6ap koh ca - "LpGejie? 

C. M. I>p6ejie, KtpnHraa, MaK&napH (aji6aHCKO e Mano), KtpnHraa noeKbe h l>p- 
6ejie ca noeKbe Haran, 36opaT KaKO HaMH n obhc ce.ua, rao th KaacaB npea KneHbe. 
(...) HMaT e/jHO IleuiKonHfl, e aji6aHCKO, HMa Haran MeraaHH Tye, aMa MajiKO. 
Cnupo MapKy, p. 1956 z. ei>6 Bopjwuua, o6p. cpedno, Maucmop, padomun 25 zodu- 
hu e noiqama e P Ocmpenu, ceza padomu e odujunama e Tpeduuja; c. Bopjuuifa, 
05.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



Bo)khh ®HJTbOKH: KneHbe h TimeeH HMaT noeKbe phcthhhh, a OerpeHH h Tpe6n- 
raa ca ca/je Typun. Chtc 36opaT 6yjirapcKH. CreGjieBO HeMano HHKaKOB (jjaHarii- 
3aM, HeMarae HHKaKBa CMeTKa, flpyrnre cena HMann CMeTKa. CaMO Ha BpeMeTO ot 
CTapna EHBep O/jaca He Moacerae ^a penaT... H TpeGnuiKHTe Jio6pH ce, 6erae rone- 
mo ceno, raecTOTHHH KyKH ca, jio6pH ca, a3 HMax bo TpeGnraa KaKBH Jipyrapn... 
Eookuh @wibOKu, p. 1928 z. e JlaKauifa (dn. P MaKedonun), o6p. 3 kji., Maucmop 
3udapo-Ma3cm, zaudap (ceupwi no ceamdu); zp. Tupaua, 02.04.2008, san. B. Toh- 
neea, K. Pauzonee 



2.1.2 Ha winda deeemcmomuH u deauaucem zodun ce Kjiade zpamiu,a... 

Bo)khh ®HjrbOKH: CnymaH, JlaKaiiHa e mccto CTeGneBCKO, ot CTe6jieBCKHre, ot 
BpeMeTO KOMHcnaTa, Kora ce o/jejiH, Kora iiejiH... caKae TaMO jio IIIoneHHe /ja ro 
HanpaeT pp. BJie3HT bo Cpi>6cKO, Kora flOHJioe bo TpeOnraa, HMa cp"b6cKH komh- 
chh, HMame repMaHCKH, HMame O'bJirapcKH, HMame cp'bOcKH, HMame chejihckh, 
h aji6aHCKH. Kora JTOHaoe bo TpeOnraa, TpeGnraa 36opHT hhcto 6"bJirapcKH MaKe- 
flOHCKH, hcto KaKO HacH, 6iuie Hrae no-y6aBO, 3arao no-6jiH30 ot Hac TpeGnraa. 
HMame eHa aceHa, HeBecTa ot Tojicmh /JeG'bp, neuncynHa... OBa HeBecTa 6erae 



210 



Mi>>KeHa bo Tpe6Hiu,a, h eHa flpyra TaKa. H mo HanpaBHa OBe Tpe6HiuKHBe - H3- 
(jjojina OBe HeBecTHBe npep, KOMHcnaTa, 3a aa He 36opaT MaKeapHCKH an 6yrap- 
ckh, H3Jie3e eHa ot hhb - Hyic ahm 6ynrap... mrni. H THe ce nocyKae. EaeH ot 
Gynrapnre pene - Kaico mo ao6pa HeBecTa ot Tpe6HiHKHTe. Ka3Baa no-CTapn ot 
MeHe, KaKO mo Ka>KBaa. (...) H nomo TaKa THe BpaTHa rpaHHHaTa Hap, Moapnq, nap, 
^peHOK, Topa, Panyq rope, ot Paayn... Hap Cre6.neBO h My 3eapa H&noTO none Ha 
CreGjieBO... CtpGna 6erae CHJiHa atp>KaBa. H ocTaHae OBHe CTe6.neBCKHBe, HMaT 
Hafi-rojieMO MecTO, Hafi-roneMH nnaHHHH, BHraapHHa TaMO. (...) H mo HanpaBHa 
bo TOBa BpeMe, Ha aBaficeT h qerapn ronHHaTa 3anajina TaMO rope opMaHHTe, 3a 
3a HeMaT Kbae aa naceT CTOKara, 3aino HaBajiH apjiy rpaHHHaTa. H ro 3e.ne Han-Jie- 
noTO none, TaMO HacTaH co 6paBH, ro 3ene... (...) CryneHO en 6eme bo aji6aHCKO 
MecTO, ro 3eae CtpOna n aeHec MaKeapHHHre ro HMaT... (...) 
IU,o 3acj)aTHB ntpBO OT^ejieHHe 355 , 6op6a Boaeme CbpGna co H/ranHa. Ctp6na a 
nana PTrajiHa, Kpan... ro onpea 356 bo OpaHnna, ce nymn rpaHHHaTa Tyxa bo Cre6- 
jieBO, Ha JlaKanHa, cera OBe mo en 6ea enre, mo ch HMaa 3eMa, bo CreGjieBO, 
CTe6jieBCKO e TOBa, ch npfinpa aa ch pa6oTaT, jiHBaneTO pa a KOcaT, pa pa6oTar co 
CTOKa, HacTaHH. Hhbho 6eme. (...) 
-3c cyM poneH nnaaa neBeTCTOTHH n aBaficeT n ocMa. 
B. T.: Bo CTe6jieBO? Bo KneHbe? 

B. <t>. Bo JlaKanHa, MaKenpHHa, 6HBuia CtpGna HeKe BpeMe. TaM e n GnneHa to- 
ram CtpGna ABaficeT n ocMa ronHHa. TaM cyM poneH a. ,H,ofiapBMe TyKa bo Kne- 
m>e. Ha neTHpeficeT n nbpBara aofiapBMe ot bo JlaKainja, aofiapBMe bo KneHbe, 

CBHTC 

B. T. 3amo aofiapxTe bo KneHbe? 

B. O. Ila cnyinafi, CTapnTe kjichckh ca 6naeHH. Ila ca nofiaeHH. Cnymafi, HeKe 
BpeMe e 6naeHO mhoto jioiho, HMa.no KanaHH 357 , komhth. H OBae H36erae noeKbe 
ot Cre6.neBO bo JlaKanHa, h Kan mo ce (jjaTH rpaHHHaTa Ha HJiaaa aeBeTCTOTHH h 
ABaHaficeT roaHH ce Knaae rpaHHHa h ce flaae 3eMaTa, Cre6.neBCKO mccto e OBa. 
JlaKanHa e Cre6.neBCKO. TpaHKHH co >I6jiaHHHa. 

B. T. 3HanH th ch poaeH bo JlaKanHa h aBaficeTO h ocMa ronHHa OTHBare bo Kne- 
Hbe? 

B. O. J\a, >KHBejiH TaMO, HanpaHBMe kojih6h, CTapnTe, TaTKO moh. 
B. T. To HManie KneHbe? HManie TaMO ce.no? 

B. O. HeMame hhiho TaMO. 3acj)aTHa ot 3eMa KyKH, kojih6h, CTaHOBe HanpaBHa 
h )KHBejiH. 3nMaTa eryneHO, CHer naname mhoto, HHe c OBnapcTBO ce 3eMaBMe, 
CTOKa, obhh. Tne pena Mann, oneBMe h Ha ihkojio h oaeBMe h TaKa... koh HMa co 
6paBHTe. Ka mo npanr 6op6a cop6nTe co nrajiHaHnnTe ce nyme rpaHHHaTa, HHe 
HMaBMe, CTapnre HMaT 3eMaTa bo KneHbe, h HeMaMe mo 3a npaHMe, ch nofinpa bo 
KneHbe, cafi6naTa 3a pa6oTaeT Ha mcctoto hhbho h aofiapBMe HHe bo KneHbe, Ha 



355 Bo>khh Ohubokh e poneH npe3 1928 r., b ntpBH Knac e 6hji okojio 1934-35 r. 

356 3aCT p ej]axa 

357 pa360HHHLlH 

211 



MecTOTO CTapo ot CTapHTe. H )KHBHMe. (...) TaTKO mh moh bo JlaKaiiHa, 6yjirapHH, 

TaTKO 6erae 6yjirapiiH, >khbh bt>b EtJirapna, na >KHBee b CtpGna, CT>p6Hre Bejiea 

Ha TaTKO - th ch 6i>JirapHH. Ila h TaMO, na h OBfleKa, HaBpeMeTO ot EHBep Oflata, 

a HMaB cecTpa TaMO bo CtpGna... 3a Te BapflHT. Bo JlaKainja - th ch GtJirapHH, He 

ro caxae. (...) H toh Haiifle 6ejiaTa TaMO bo JlaKaiiHa, na h OBfle bo KneHbe Haiifle. 

CecTpa, KbepxaTa HMame TaMO - ctp6H, noane ot 6i>JirapH - ctpGn. (...) 

Ila h b nnaHHHa He MoeBMe fla noHMe fla 6epHMe fltpBa, rpaHHnaTa 6jih30, nojio- 

BHHa caaT, 6jih30 h cefleBMe co CTpaB, 3aino BoiniHHHTe ino npaBe, Ka Te onepe, 

Ka Kame - na caicame fla 6era - n Ka My flae OTnycica npaBO, efleH Mecen goMa fla 

oah, ne onpaji... 

Eookuh (PujibOKu, ap. Tupana, 01-02.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Panaonee 



EcaT Emm: Civie HMajiH (jjapa 358 , CMe flaBajie, CMe 3eMajie, ot >I6jiaHHHa, HMaMe 

Mne HeBecTe 3eMeHO ot ^IGjiamiHa, Cre6jieBO co ^I6jiaHnna, Ha Kycjjna. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: B koh roflHHH e TOBa Hemo? 

E. r. Ilpefl jiKKJJTara, jiio(j)Ta e flyHT 359 , Mope, 3Haera th jiio(})Ta e aiot, ot neTHpHne- 

ceT - neTHpneceT h qerapn h Tora ce 3aTBopn KycjjnaTa. Ce 3aTBopn rpaflHHHara. 

B. T. KaK CTe xoahjih ao JlaKainja npe3 nnaHHHa, HMajio e rpaHHna TaMO, ch ofleB- 

Te? 

E. r. Cn ofleBMe, 6euie nymeHO Kaxo cera, Kaxo Bne, ino CTe 6yjirapn meTaTe CBe 

EBpona, Hne He mo^kcm fla meTaMe hhiho. 

B. T. A flajiH cera bo JlaKanna HMa hckoh, kohto fla HMaT (jjapa ot CtcGjicbo? 

E. r. HeMax Ot CtcGjicbo ca Ghachh fleceT KyKH - pHCTHami opTOflOKCH hm BHKa- 

Me mhc 5KnBea bo JlaKanna, Ha jiKKJrrara ce BpaTna bo Aji6aHHa, neT-meer KyKH 

ocTaHae n ca H36eraHH cera, efleH Ubctko e oeraHaT, flpyrn HeMa, H36eraHH ca. 

B. T. 3Hann Tna ca 6hjih fleceT KyKH, H36eraHH ca ot CtcGjicbo h ca othachh bo 

JlaKaiiHa npefl 1 944-Ta? 

E. E J\&, TpneceT h ceayjvrra, TpneceT h iuecTa. Ilocjie ce BpaTna bo CtcGjicbo 

eHH, eHH 6eraeT b CKonne, b CTpyra. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: 3am,o 1936-Ta roflHHa ca othhijih fla >KHBeaT y JlaKaiiHa? 

E. E Othhijih rae HMajiH, ch HMaa 3eMa HHBHa. JlaKaiiHa e CTe6jieBCKa. 

B. T. A Moflpni, e HMajio TaM ot CtcGjicbo jhoah? 

E. T. He. (...) 

B. T. A /Jacemima h OTHraaHH? 

E. E Co TpeGnma HMaT THe Bpi>3Ka. 

CacjjeT Tkhh: CtcGjicbo co JlaKaiiHa, >I6jiaHHHa h JIa6yHHHj,a. 

K. P. KaK ce BHKa rpaHHHa Meatfly flBe cejia? KaKBa flyMa? 3eMJiHHj,eTO Ha eflHO 

cejio h Ha flpyro cejio. 

E. T. Kycjjna, Ha rpaflHHHa, Ha Kycjjna. 



358 pOflHHHH 



1 BTopaTa CBeTOBHa BOHHa 

212 



Ecam Tunu, p. 1936 z. e c. Cmedneeo, o6p. 7 kji., zopcKu padomnuK, nencuonep; 
Ca(pem Tuhu, p. 1963 z. e Cmedneeo, o6p. ocnoeno, padomu e cmpoumejicmeomo, 
om 1989 z, otcueee e Tupana; zp. Tupana, 31.03.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Panzo- 
nee 



BiianeTa MypaTOBa: Cnyinafi cera, 3eMirre moh ca OB/je Ha KycjjHa co Maice/iOHHa, 

Ha rpa^HHHa, 3eMa Moa e ocTaHaTa b JIa6yHHma, Me ocTaHaTa 3eMa ot CTapnre 

moh, ot 6a6o, e ocTaHara b JlaicaHHa, Ha rpaHHHaTa. Cera oncaK ce 3aTBopn icy- 

(jjnaBa, rpaHHHaBa, HHe MoeBMe Tyica 3a BJie3eMe BeKe, 3eMHTe moh ocTaHaa TaMO. 

Kofi Moerae /ja ro Hafi,reT OBHe, koh Moeme /ja ro OT6epn OBHe... 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: A cera THe 3eMH ca Bamn? 

B. M. Ila HauiH ca, aMa HeMa /joicyMeHT, afi/je Hafi^H, KO/je j\& rn Hafijja Tea, CTap 

6a6o moh, nocne 6hji 6a6o moh, co mo 3a o/ja 3a 6apaM TaMO, /jo/je He HMam 

KHHra, Modern 3a 6apaui? 

Buojiema Mypamoea, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. Tomeea, K. Panzonee 



Tpo3fla nonn: IIo-Hanpe/i e 6njia nymeHa rpaHHHaTa, CBeicopBa mh a HMa OTTaM, 
ot bo ,3,e6ap. H e /jofi/jeHa, TyKy ce o/jeiue, h Taa Kora cyM Modern a Ha ocyM/jeceT 
h ntpBara ro^HHa, Taa HantpBO e OTH^eHa Kan jno/niTe hch3hhh, OTH^e Taa - H3- 
nojiBHHa yMpeHH, H3nojiBHHa >khbh. 

Tposda rionu (TlonocKa), p. 1958 z. e c. Cmedneeo, o6p. 8 kji., padomuna e Koone- 
pamuea, om 2 zodunu otcueee e/Jpan, ojwbotcena e Bpdene; zp. Tupana, 02.04.2008, 
san. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 



Emhh Myparn: JlaicaBHHa, TaMO e bo Maice/iOHHa HMa 3e/jeHO. Ha neT/jeceT h neTa 
roflHHa BpeMe ce HanpaBH eaeH eiain - lOrocnaBHa h Aji6aHHa 3a HaMecTaT rpaa- 
HHHaHa. TpaflHHHaBa oht axe aKe, no BO/jaHa, a 3e/joa bo LllKoapa eiainoT, 6erae 
e/jeH Mafiop MaiceaoHCKH, loroanaBCKH Mafiop, ot OB^e a HanpaBHa rpa/jmma, Mec- 
Ta, MaBae, KO/je 3a /jaBaHbe - aafi, KO/je 3a 3eMaHbe - 3efi, ot OB/je b Aji6aHHa, ot 
Tea MecTO, mo th Be.ua, bo JlaicafiHa no6onH Tofi Mafiopox Earn 3eMa mhoto p,o- 
6pa. JlaicafiHa, hhcto none, /ja ce bh/jh DryGonnna 3a/j Pa/ryn, n Bene He ce Bpara, 
He flaBae. (...) H ocTaHa Taice 3eMaTa TaMO. 

Emuh Mypamu, p. 1934 z. ec. Cmedneeo, o6p. 4 wi., padomun e cnemoeodcmeo, om 
1991 z. otcueee e Tupana; zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, 3an. K. Panzonee, B. Tonneea 



Ecar Thhh: JXenw KycjjnaTa, rpa/jHHHara, aejiHT Kan rpo6oT, HMa eaeH rpo6 TaMO. 

JlaicafiHa e^Ha icyica ppe, nocne e >I6jiaHHHa, p,o Tya CreGjieBCico. 

Aneiccefi ^KajiOB: A 3Haeui jih th Tyica ca mh BHicajiH HaicaKBH npHTna HMa 3a Ha- 



213 



KaKBa 6a6a, rope HeKaKBO MecTO, acto Tptraajia p,a o/jh Ha Crpyra h Mpa3 a (jjaHa- 

jio h yMpena, 3Haera jih TaicaBa npHKa3Ka? 

E. r. He e 6a6a, HeBecTa BejiaT. HeBecTa co CBaroHTe. Eh Parana 3HMaTa, oeraHa- 

ne TaMO. BHKaMe Mne - rpo6oT ot HeBecTaTa. 

A. )K. A, rpoGtT ot HeBecTaTa. 

E. E Hap, JIa6yHHm,a. Ha/j imaHHHara. 

A. )K. 5i mh a Kami Taa, Kora e 6hjio TOBa Hemo? 

HcManji Ehhh: Crapo BpeMe. (...) 

E. r. HeBecTara h CBaTOHTe TaMO ocTaHanH. HeBecTaTa, nocne oeraHajTH CBaTOHTe 

h BHKaMe Mne MecTOTO - CBaTOHTe, rpo6oT ot HeBecTaTa, Ha icycjjHa, Kan /jennr 

Aji6aHHa h Maice/iOHHa. (...) 

H. r. >I3 KaKO cyM nyji, /Hie ro/jHHH cyM no-CTap ot 6paTOT. HeBecTaTa Kan CBaroHTe 

ce CMeniOTHa, peiaia, Ha kohs a Hocejin - 3eMajia... Kaico noeic p,a H3Jie3H Ha/jBop 360 , 

no-Ha/jBop. OBHe CBaTOHBe a no/jCMeajiH... HeBecTaBa, fi ce noMOKH 361 HeBecTaTa 

Ha KOHa, Ha kohhtc HeBecTaTa, Ta ce nocpaMOTHJia. Y6aB h Jiben e Eocno/i, rojibeM 

toh, Hne He ro BH^K^aMe, toh BH^Kflar MHory h qye MHory, toh iho hh Hanpan h 

He mye. - A Taica peicoBTe Bne 3a HeBecTaTa, 6pe! E Te flo>Kfl Ta fi bophct 362 , cbct- 

KanHH fi HanpaBeT, my, micpyMe CBaTOH h HeBecTa! H ocTaHajio mcctoto - Ha 

CBaTOHTe. H EpoGoT ot HeBecTaTa. A Me pa36pa? (...) 

E. r. Ot bo JlaKaiiHa np,eim. 

Becejnca ToHneBa: A THe wpenw ot JlaKaiiHa Ha BaMO? 

E. T. Ot JIa6yHHma. (...) 

H. r. Oice mh Ka>KBe MeHe p,ep,o. 5i ro nHTaB 3amo fi BHKaeT oxe, toh oxe mh HMar 

peneHO. Kaxo e HaBHCTHHCKOTO, /jOTOKMy He ro 3hohmc 

Ecam runu; Hcmciwi ruuu, p. 1933 zee. Cmedneeo, o6p. 7 km., d-bpeap, om 1995 z. 

oicueee e Endacan; c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, A. )Kajioe 



2.1.3 Kou ne 6e oede... Kou ue doudel 

Btokhh OhjhjOkh: MaKe^OHHa 6erae KonoHHa ctpGcica. H ce BenHMe hmcto Ma- 

KeflOHHa. HaBpeMeTO Cop6na HMarae, He caMO Maice/iOHHa, Cbp6na HMarae raec 

peny6jiHKH, mo HMaiue KynyBaHO. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: Cnep, 1945-Ta ro^HHa HMa K)roanaBHa h HMa 6 peny6jiHKH. A 

npefl TOBa? 

E. O. CtpGna 6erae. npea TOBa 6enie EtJirapna, EtJirapna e 6nfleHa h OB^e, b Aji- 

6aHHa. ^Ba noTa hjih Tpn noTa e 6iiaeHa EtJirapna h OB/je, Tpn noTe. no-Hanpe/i 

TypHHa 6erae, AycTpo-YHrapHa, OpaHHHa, koh He 6e OB/je.. Kofi He /jofi/ie! (...) 

CnTe OB/je rn tpothb TypHH b Aji6aHHa, ce Mejie3H, ocTaHaTH Tyica, e Hafi-Jiora 

HOBeK - Mene3. He opnrHHajieH! Chtc 6ea KaTOJiHHH, KpHcraaHH, TypHHTe rn Ha- 



214 



npaBH CHTe, m noTypun, HHe HMaMe bo KneHbe ce HanpaHT TypHH h ce Hanpan 

Hafi-jioraH ot raa, mo 6ea oprnHajiHH. 

HoBaHKa OnjibOKH: A 3am,o 6ea no-Hanpefl no-opHrnHajiHH ot cera? 

B. O. To 6erae Typnna, koh He flofi/ie OB/je... 

Tpo3fla nonn: 3a CBirre 6eme Typuna! Hne ro ^op>KeBMe h3hkot h BepaTa. 

B. O. 3amo TypHHTe >KHBea hcthphctothh ocyM/jeceT h nerapH ro/niHH... OB/je 

ocTaHaa rbsl noTH noeKbe bo AjiGaima. 

B. T. Tea 6exa h bo BtJirapna. 

B. O. Eynrapna e 6np,eiio (ma/jH, no-flOUHO, no-KbCHO, HHe BHKaMe nop,3ap,w, a 

no-KtCHO caKaT j\& penHT, H36era Typuna, /jon/joa flpyrn - GturapHre, (j)paHHy3H- 

Te, AycTpo-YHrapHa, CtpGna... 

Eookuh (PujibOKu; HoeaHKa (PujibOKu, p. 1962 z. e c. Cmedneeo, o6p. 8 kji., pa6o- 

mujia e Koonepamuea, om 1989 z. e Tupana, ceza ujua nacmen Maaa3un; rposda 

llonu (llonocKa); ap, Tupana, 01.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.1.4 Oen epejne no m>peama 6op6a... 

Bo)khh OhjiijOkh: Cnime no^ hokth, MeHreMe Ha raaBa, MeHreMe Ha rjiaBa c ro- 
pema BOfla. 

Ha BpeMeTO TypcKO e 6nno, hm (jjojiea cnHHH nofl hokthtc... 
BecejiKa ToHneBa: CnHHH nofl hokthtc? 3aino? 
B. O. 3a fla Ka^Kax 
B. T II], o m Ka^KaT? 

B. <t>. .JJa Ka^KeT, Kae HMani nyiuica, Kae HMani OBa, THe lOHaHHre, KanaK 363 ... H MeH- 
reMe Ha raaBa co ropeina BO/ja, 3a pp. Te npnHy/nx.. 

B. T. ,3,o6pe, aMa b koh tcthhh, Ka3Baui ,,6'bJirapHH ce Ka3BaM, hhiho He 3Haa"? 
B. O. OBa BpeMe, no nbpBara, 6op6aTa Kora ce Hanpan, KaKO ce Ka3Ba 6e, He 3HaM, 
jno(j)Ta e.... nT>pBaTa 6op6a. He 3HaM Koa ro/jnHa, mh Ka3Bauie TaTKO mh. 
B. T A TaTKO th Koa ro/jHHa e 6hji po/jeH? naMTnui jih? 

B. <t>. A, TaTKO, He 3HaM, mia/ja acbctctothh h ocMa, ajin /jeBeTa, bo Tna BpeMHHa, 
Tora, TaTKO >khbh mhoto, >khbh ocyM/jeceT n /jeBeT ro/nimi bo KneHbe, b TnpaH He 
flofifle, yMpe ot KaHcep 364 , a h MafiKa mh h Ta >khbh, h Ta mhoto. (...) 
CaMO pncTHaHH, cera HeMa hhiho cbhtc H36eraHH bo Eynrapna, He moh ot Kana- 
nnre, HMauie KanaijH, ino m nepea 365 , a n /ie,np mh, p,ep,o moh e 6nfleH non Mh- 

JieHKO. 

B.T.K 6hji bo KneHbe? 

B. <t>. He bo KneHbe, bo JlaKanHa. noone n toh /jon/je TaMO bo JlaKafina. He Hero 
HMar (JjojieHO niec nora co Tycjoan, co nmannep, /ja ro nepe, ,na ro y6ne, 3aTe H3- 
6eraa cnTe ot Ce6nma, cnTe H36eraa bo Eynrapna, bo MaKe/jOHHa, ot ocyM/je- 



363 pa360HHHK 

364 paK 

365 CTpenaxa 



215 



ceT KyKH, Typnnre BHKaT - HMa 3efleH0 JiaroMHaTa ot pncTHaHnre, koh Kapa/j>Ka, 
koh..., koh, pncTHaHCKH, 3amo HMa 3efleHO 3eMaTa pa6oTaeT, h Ten JiaroMHaTa, 
caxaT fla pennr npe3HMeTO, HMe npe3HMe, H36eraa cbhtc TaMO, Kaemo 6eBMe HHe 
bo CnHonojie, /nmHaeceT jxyuiw Bop3aHH h cera /ja npo6aMe kojiko KypmyM /lynnr, 
^BaHaeceT jxyurn Bop3aHH. . . CaMO e/jeH e ocTaHaT, IlaBJie ro BHKaMe. -3 HMaB TaMO 
6paryHe/m, KyiuepHHe, bo aKa/jeMHa bo Cocj) na, Hotcbckh, KOJibKy /jena HMa. . . Ila 
yMpeH e toh. 
Eookuh (PwibOKu, zp. Tupana, 01.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 

* * * 

2.1.5 Ajnan 6e, luecmnaecem zodunu — napmu3an! 

Btokhh OnjibOKH: Tyica Kan moctot, aMH He 6erae Kaxo cera, mo e 3rpa#eHO, cbhtc 
Hema ot rpa/jOT, TyKa H^eT, Ka non/jeM HHe bo e/ma HtpKBa, a BHKaT Cbcth IIpo- 
Kon, TaMO HMame repMaHHH. Oth^obmc mhc h Ka cjjojiht co (Jjhhick, co paKara, na 
hh BH^ea, Kora (Jjojiht co ManiHHCKa nyuiKa, He 3HaM KOJibKy TyKa ca onpeHn 366 . 
HMame KaKO naT, 03rope H/jeine Boaa, 6erae TaKBO BpeMeTO bphokho 367 . . . th BJia- 
ranie BO/jara bo thjiot. 5i 6eB c e/mn HauiH /jena 368 kjichckh, hcto Ka mchc Ot Ty- 
eKa caKaBMe /ja H3Jie3HMe TaM Kan yHHBepcHTeTOT, ro BHKaa nana™ 3oryT 369 , Kan 
iho ynar cera OBe, mo e ynnjiHine. He MoeBMe /ja ce BpaTHMe Ha3a/j h BJieroBMe ot 
OB^eKa, KaKO /ja bh Ka>Ka. . . bo jiafiHaTa. H flpyro mccto He MO^Kenie, Ka hh onepea. 
TyeKa oaea HaH03e, H3 Kama, p,o OBa h cnn HaH03e. H3JieroBMe TaMO flony, nyKHea 
mhhh h TyeKa ot ocyM/jeceT aymn ocTaHe Ha Tpnece flyiun, koh ce. . . koh ce onpe. 
Iioone TaMO HMaBMe rope 6ojiHnna, Ha pn^OT rope, HMaM ce/jeHO a iuec Mecenn, 
mo ce 6opHB, H/jeBMe HOKbTa Ha TnpaH h ce BpaKaBMe Ha3a/j. AMaH 6e mecTHae- 
ceT roflHHH - napTH3aH! (...) 

flpyro mo 6erae koh ce onpe, koh ce 6jiHroca 370 Majio, ro Hocea Ha GojimmaTa, He 
moh, BJieroBMe bo TnpaHa, bo TnpaHa e pe — HOBa TnpaHa, a h BJieroBMe BHOTpe, 
6erae nerapH KaTa, nerapn cnpaTa h obhc repMaHHHBe MHCJiea, KaKO mo BJieroBMe 
Mne, (jjtpjiaBMe h ce BpamaBMe o6paTHO Ha no3HHHa rope, H3Jieroe koh /ja ce Mne 
h ce KanHBMe Mne rope, na y/jpHBMe, rope Ha Bopx, Tapaca ce BHKaT aji6aHCKH, 
onpaBMe mhoto repMaHnn, ex Kora y/jpniu repMaHen... ot nerapn cnpaTa, flony 
HMame... >Kejie3a, Tpn /jem 6e3 a/jeHe. He Moe, Tne, mo ineTaa no cejiara, p,a 6a- 
pae... cenaTa hh paHea. (...) Hne ce/jeBMe TyKa bo TnpaHa, ot TyKa bo IIlKOflpa 
HaH03e... (cMax) (...) Berae HHap, Ka th 3aMop3Heme cbc Ot bo IIlKOflpa mo... 
Mnp^HTa TaMO, He 3HaM /jarra CTe nyjra, bo Mnp^HTa Typnn cetera hcthphctothh 
h He 3HaM KOJibKy roflHH, He BJie3ejiH TaMO. EHBep Ofl)Ka, bo JJyKarira... TaMO 
Typnna He BJie3eHa. Eypci e TyKa 6jih30. JJyKarime e aajieKO mhoto, ,3,yKariiH 
rpaHHHH cbc Cbp6nTe, h TaMO... KyKC... cyM o/jeH HaH03e. (...) 



366 3 aCTpeJIHHH 



369 Ha Kpan 3ory - AxMe,a, EeM 3ory (1895-1961), Kpan Ha An6aHHa ot 1928 ao 1939 r. 

370 paHeH 

216 



Ajih He mohiu, KaKO fla th Ka>KeM, p,a ce onymnra, cbckoh caxa cbohot h3hk, cbc- 
koh caKa CBOflTa Bepa. (...) 

H/rajiHHH 6eraa ot repMaHnnre n H/jea bo napTH3aHHTe bo Aji6aHna. Tiie H/jea, 
KaKO 3a th Ka^Ka, co napTH3aHHBe h (jjtpjiaa, h 6erae e/jeH Tajum ^.^KOBaKBHHO ro 
BHKaa, HMame hmcto ,H,>KOBaKBiiHO, h (jjtpjiarae co 6pe/ja, 6pe/ja e MHTpoc rcneM, 
a Man, a hoccb (jjHiueiiH, TyKy toh ce 6jiaroca TyKa bo maBara h BHKHa - MaMa 
MHa! Tope 6eBMe, Ha pn^OT, Ha oboh cbhtc pHaonre, h ro 3e/joe, a /jpyrnre neTHre 
Hanpefl MaBae. JXony npep, p,& noniH bo KOM6nHaT, Tpe6arae p,a ce (Jjojih, j\z. ce hhc- 
th Hanpejj, h mh ocTaHa MHrpojib030B. Afi^e p,a (j)OJia a. TojiKy (j)TacaB a bo TOBa 
BpeMe, Man 6eB, #a th Bop3HT ohhtc CBe, jxa. ro OTnyinniu CBe h #a ro HaMecTHiu 
CBe h fla ro cjjojihui. H 3e/jOB Harpaaa bo Ta BpeMe. H TyKa Ha BpaTaTa - (jjiuiaH 
napTH3aH. 3aTBopeHH onnTe, TOJiKy cbm 6nfleH, TOJiKy ro HaynnB MHTpanb030B. 
A BoniKa hh aae... Iioone h3Ckohh e^Ha BoniKa cptMeHa, Taa HanpaBH mhoto 3jio, 
h y^pn MHoro napTH3aHH, thcJjot h BHKaT no aji6aHCKH, He 3HaM KaK h BHKaT no 
6tJirapcKH. Tncj). H3yMHpae mhoto, Ha... n KOcaTa My na/jHa, CBe, ot Tne BoniKHTe 
ntpBeHH. H no-y6aBO 3a Ka^KeMe Hemo no-/jo6po... 
Eookuh (PujibOKu, zp. Tupana, 01-02.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.1.6 Ha epejnemo Eneepoeo... 

Ecar rHHH: Emro BpeMe B&neBMe - E/jho BpeMe BeneBMe - EHBep, Cramm, Thto, 
^.HMHTpoB - BeneBMe 3ae/jHO, nocjie ce HajiioTHBMe 371 , ce OT/jejiHBMe. Cera en ce 
c^py>KHBMe naK p,a en npanMe Mya6eT Ka Hapo/j... 
Ecam funu, zp. Tupana, 31.03.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



Etokhh OnjibOKn: Ha neTHpneceT n ocMa, Kora ino ce pa3cnna Thto c EHBep 

Ofl>Ka, TOJibKy CTporo ce Hanpan Tora, Jiejie ManKO MHJia... 

Eookuh <PwibOKu, zp. Tupana, 01-02.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 



Cnnpo MapKy: 3aTBopeHO, 3aTBopeHO. Tya 6euie CTeraaro BpeMeTO, Hac hh 6euie 
CTpaB, a OH^e bo MaKe/jOHHa BHyKOT 372 moh, ho He H/jeBMe, hh 6eme CTpaB ,na 
noHflera TaMO (...), Ke non/nim co nacom 373 , co... aMa Ke non/jeme, Te CTaBHT Mano 
BpeMe fla ctohih TaMO, TaTKO mh moh e 6nfleH Ha BpeMeTO EHBepoBO bo MaKe/jo- 
HHa e 6nfleH, co nacom h noce/je toh TaMO jx&q He/jenn, Ha lOrocjiaBna, aMa TaMO 
co MHJiHHna no Hero, ,na ro bh/jht /ja He npaBH Hemo, 3a 36opn Hemo, cera e no- 
CJio6oflHO, cera ch HfleMe, ch 36opnMe, He 6epnMe rafijie. Me 3ano3Ha BHyKOT moh, 

TOH TaMO HMa CTpHKOBH, ByHKOBH, Me 3an03Ha, H THe - 3flpaBO, CnnpO, flOH/Hl, 

371 pa3ci>pAHXMe ce 

372 BHyK, ho h nueMeHHHK 

373 nacnopT 

217 



Cnnpo! (cMax) Tne BHKaT - an/je Ke HjHMe Ha Kiiy6oT, ice niieMe Kacjoe, a3 He hm 

pa36npaM, Ka ce CMee nocne caMO... 

Cnupo MapKy, c. Bopjuuifa, 05.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



OaTHMe Epy/ja: >I6jiaHHHa e bo MaKe/jOHna, ce o^kchh MOMHHKa ot CreGjieBO, ce 
3aTBopn rpa^HHHa, ocTaHa HenoH/jeHO TaMO, HMame earn MOMHHKa, ocTape Mafi- 
Ka h, He a BHfle, MafiKa h h H3Jia3eine flyiuara /jOKa He... KepHMa ce BHKame Taa, 
h pene chhot - Hge KepHMa h Taa 6HTHca 374 , a H3MaMae, a H3Jia>KHa, He ch BH/je 
MOMHneTO neTHpnece h oceM ro,zniH CToa rpa/jHHHa 3aTBopeHO... Kora ce nymn 
rpa^HKHa... OB/je 6jih30 rpa/pmnara HMaMe mhc 

@amwue Tpyda, p. 1963 z. e Cmedneeo, o6p. ocnoeno, seMedenue, om 1994 z. dtcu- 
eee e Tupana; c. Cmediieeo, 22.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



Ecar Ehhh: Ha BaKTOT 375 EHBepoB OB/jeica hhiho /jejieHO HeMano. Hne co 36opBaMe 

ho3hk 6yrapcKH, ropHKH, cbhtc e/jHO ca 6ii/ieHH. Th /ja penniu - Hne 36opBHMe, 

Eojio BopflO 36opBHT 6yrapcKH, /ja My /jop>kht, #a My ce nyjiHT co flBe ohh, co 

e^HO oko - He, He. CMe 6hjih h ce noeicbe Hne CMe 6hjih homokchh, Ka BenaT, Ha 

Ta BpeMe. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: ,H,o6po, aMa HMano e CTapn jho/hi, kohiho He ca 36opejiH aji6aH- 

ckh, He ca 36opejiH apHayTCKH... 

E. E He 3hoht, h OHa He 3hoht... (nocoHBa mqhsl ch - 6eji. B. T.) 

B. T. He e HMajio npo6jieM c OBa? 

E. E He, He, He. CaMO Kora Ka oaea Ha ihkojio - aji6aHCKO, Kypcn /jOMa, b KyKH, 

necMH, CBaBflH, th BH/je b CTpe/i TnpaHa - ch nee TaMO KaKO ch caKaT, h Ha BaKTOT 

EHBepoB. Ha TejieBH3na, pa^Ha, Koa #aBaa BaKBH cmhchh 376 - Mano 6erae 3anpe- 

ho, HeMaiue npaBO th p,a otbophhi TejieBH3op j\& raejiain CKonne, /ja me/jain Ey- 

rapna, Eyrapna, CocjjHa. Tne e 6nfleHO He caMO 3a HaMH, TyKy 3a cbckoh aji6aHeH, 

h toh, rao 6erae bo TnpaH... 

AjieKcefi 3KajiOB: H aKO HaKofi Ka>Ke, ne th raeflaui TejieBH3na MaKe/jOHna h hr- 

Bar... a, npo6jieM? 

E. E. npo6jieM... He 6erae MJibory npo6jieM. 

B. T. Ako Te (jjaTaT j\& cjiymam Pa/jno CKonne - mo? 

E. E. Hhiho, koh caKa, ro nyn... 

B. T. A ce Ka^KBaiue, ne CTe 6yrapHH? Ce Ka^KBanie no EHBepoBO BpeMe? 

E. E. KaKO He ce Ka^KBame, Ma? Hne Ka o/jeBMe ot OB^e bo TapaHa n 36opBeBMe, 

KaKO 36opBaM c Te6e a. Ka mh peneme MeHe - He 36opBan - HeMa! Tn HMaui... 

npea cto roflHHH TaMO, ro 3Haea ho3hkot. OHa My 36opBe Ha OHa, OHa ro ynn n ch 

374 CBtpiIIH, 3aBTjpniH 

375 BpeMeTO 

376 npeziaBaHHfl 

218 



36opBeT, h MJia^HHiiH ro 36opBaT bo TiipaH H03HKOB, ca H36eraHH bo CTapo BpeMe, 

He 6hji 3anpeH ho3hkot... 

McMawi fuHU, Ecam Tumi, c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, A. TKanoe 



2.1.7 ZJ,eu,ama, eunae - opu, MaMe, mu ce mi xjied... 

Bo>khh OiuibOKii: ... Jibe6 >KeTBeBMe, nneHHiia 3a, ot nneHKa He Moe /ja ce HaaaeT 
/jeHara. BnKae - Opn, Maine, mh ce an xjie6! A mo p,a My flaerae... ojibKy th e 
fleji... 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: DiaflHO BpeMe. 

B. O. A fla pa6oTaiu, a locjj'bpjia bo aeH, 3am,o a MaficTop chjich cyM 6nfleH, Kora 
6eB MJiajj, qeTHpHCTOTHHH jieKa bo /jeHor, qeTHpHCTOTHHH 6exa napn rojieMH, mh 
flaBaa cto Jiexa MeHe bo KOonepaHHaTa. Taxo 6erae, KOonepaHHa. KoonepauHaTa 
He flaBame. KoMnnpn. H noeKbe, ceeBMe, nocne TaM 6eme h bhcoko mccto, na/ja- 
me h cnaHa, na h ice th nonapeine h Taxa, 3aTe niopjne 6exa MJibory cnpoMacn h 
6paBHTe hm CTOKa, cnpoMacH. Ka /joeine BpeMe, Ke y/jpeiue cjiaHa h aime... 
B. T. ToBa 6eme caMO 3a 6"bJirapHTe jih Taxa tokko hjih 6erae 3a cirre? 
B. <t>. CnTe. 3a CHTe, mo 6ea bo Koonepaiiiia. 3a CHTe 6erae Henoro/jeHO, anil no- 
eKbe 6erae 3a G'bJirapirre. (...) 

TaKBa 6eme Hapea6ara, tojiko jioiho BpeMe e 6np,eiio, h /jeiiec mh ce TpecHT Tpy- 
no, rjia^HH, cjia6o oGjieneHH, /jeuaTa HeMa mo /ja aaeT. CnpoTa fl,a(j)HHa, aceHa mh, 
Ka Hanpan Hemo bo THraH, Ka kochht, mo Ka ocTaHerae, Ka 3eMaiue Jie6 h noMeHH 
Ha TaBara h aM/je Bpa6oTa, bo e/mo KaHne mjicko KBaceHO KHce.no Tpomia - a, 
}KeHa mh h toh chh mh, mo yMpe Benbo. JIbe6oT nneHKaH, okc . . Mhoto jioiho. Bo 
KOonepaTHBa Tpe6a 3a pa6oTara h 3a ppyrine. -3 npaeB h KyKH caM, caM fl3H3flan, 
caM BHaTpe, caM Maacn, caM... H cera OBa... Ka o/ja b imamiHa, #a 6apaM /jpeBO 
Ha fl3H3flOT, mo th KaacBa, Ka noniH TaMO b nnaHHHa h mhoto noTa caKaM 3a 6era 
bo >I6jiaHHHa Kan cecTpa mh, bo C'bpOna. (...) 
B. T. IHo He H36era? 

B. O. A ^acjjHHa, fleHara? He moh. Tpe6anie 3a ceaa Henara >khbot bo 3aTBop. 
Tpn noTH cy cryreH, TyK e HanpaBeH 3aKOH, #a th H36era Ha Te6e aeTeTO, TyKa 
CHTe MafiKa, TaTKO, cecTpn, 6paTa, HCiiaTa (jjapa - afi^e 3aTBop! J\& pa6oTae Her/je 
aajieKO, TaKBO BpeMe 6erae. 
Eookuh (PwibOKu, zp. Tupana, 01-02.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 



2.1.8 Ceno name He mopzajio MOKa... 

HcManji Thhh: Ceno Haiue He Toprajio MOKa (...) 

EcaT Thhh: HaHManma e GH^eHa. 

H. T. Hafi-HManma. KpaBHTe, KpaBH ch moji3hmc 377 , My B&nHMe (...), Kpn3a He bh- 

flejio cenoBO Harae, Ha EHBepoBO, aMa HMaT bo Aji6aHHa cejia, mo Jibe6 h meKep 



219 



HeMajiH fla ap.ej, CTOKaTa My co6pa, KonpaTHBeTe cna6e, /me naxa MaicapoHe b 
fleHOT My na>Kame, KOJibKy uio niraeT jjBe naxa MaicapoHe, TOJibKy My na>Kaine, 
MHoro TerHa Hapo/jOT... 
McMauji fuHU, Ecam r%mu, c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, A. TKanoe 



2.1.9 3aw,o ce eejium Cmedjieeo 

Btokhh OiuibOKJi: IU,o Ka 3aBopraHiu KneHbe e HMajio rpaHnna KapaKan — 6t>ji- 

rapcKH, ctp6cKH, Cre6jieBO e 6iiaeHO CT>p6na, CTe6jieBHHTe npaBea 6op6a etc 

cbp6nTe, CBHTe, bo CBHTe cena Ha Tojio 6i>pflo Cre6jieBO e GH^eHO Hafi-CHjrao 3a 

CBeKaKBO cjryiafi. 

Tpo3fla nonn: 3am,o ce bcjiht CtcGjicbo, CtcGjicbo - He moht .zja Te KynHT hock 

Ha aji6aHCKH, CTe6jieBa, MJibory caxajiH p,a ro KynaT Kaxo cejio, He Momenw p,a ro 

KynaT, 3am,o HMajiH mhoto 3eMa Tna. Ha aji6aHCKO CTe6jieBa, caKajin p,a ro 3anm- 

caeT, CTe6jieBa - He Te KynHB 3HaHH. 

B. O. CjiyraaHTe, He e TaKa, CTa6jio ot 6yxa /jeGejin, CTa6jio h ocTaHa CTa6jiOBO, 

He e CTe6jieBa... aji6aHCKO. Ha 6i>JirapcKH CTa6jio, ie TaM HMarae 6yKe rojieMH h 

CTa6jio ro BHKaa. ByjiKa Kaico CTe6jia. 

r. n. Ha aji6aHCKH, a h He ro 3HaeB, a Kora ce MoaceB Kan MOHHe, moh ce THe Beice, 

Taxa Bejiea - HeBecTO, Bejiea, CTe6jieBO Ha aji6aHCKO, He Te KynHB, He mob p,a Te 

npeKyna. 

B. O. CaMO CTa6jio h ot OBe CTa6jio ocTaHa CTe6jieBO. Kora ro H3cenem /jpeBeHO h 

CTaBa. nocjie Tojio Etp/jo He ce BHKaT Tojio Ei>p/m, a Ha BpeMe TypcKO 3i>jiro Ei>p- 

flo. He Tojio, fl.'bjiro Btpflo, 3amo njiaHHHH, pn^OH, /fbjiro, a ctcGjicbckoto mccto 

HMa MHoro - HMa 6yKH, OBe CtcGjicbo HMa Hafi-noeKbe mccto, iho caKaiu nnaHn- 

hh bo Hejia Aji6aHHs, Hafi-noeKbe.. . A 3a OBe, mo 36opaT HyK Te6jieBa, CTe6jieBa, 

3aino 36opoT Ha aji6aHCKH HyK Te6jieBa - He Te KynHB, a Ha CTa6jio. Ot /ipeBa, mo 

HMajio 6yKH rojieMH, ocTaHa CTa6jiOBO. 

Eookuh (PujibOKu, HoeaHKa <PwibOKu, rposda Tlonu (llonocKa), zp. Tupana, 

01.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



BnojieTa MypaTOBa: 5i He 3Haa. 5i 3Haa, ne HMaT e/mo Kafi^a 3a cejiOBO Hame CTe6- 

jieBCKO. fl.oui'bJi HeKofi, ot Kae Kafi 6hji, He ro 3HaM. Ce^eji p,a Kynn co 3JiaTO, 

ajiTi>H, 3JiaTO BejiHTe Bne? Co 3JiaTO. Mora /ja ro Kyna, He Mora #a ro Kyna, ro Ky- 

nyBa, He ro KynyBa, OBne ro npaBeji Ha aji6aHCKH fio3HK - e6jiefi, ce6jiefi, e6jieBa, 

ce6jieBa, CTe6jieBa... CMe ro nyjin. 

B. T. OTKbae CTe ro nyjin? 

B. M. Ot HeKofi CTap. 

B. T. Cre6jieBa 03HanaBa - He ro Kynn? 

B. M. He, He npo/jaBar. Tojiko CKbno ro npo/jaBaji Tofi, mo 6hji TyKa, ne Tofi, mo 

aombJi - He MO)Kaji /ja ro Kynn. He ro Kynnji. LU,o ro HMaM nyeHO ot CTapo. Kofi e 



220 



peajmo, KaKO e 6hjio - hhkoh He ro 3Hae. CTapHTe ca yMpeim cbhtc, MJia/jHre ca 

pa3TypeHH no rpa/jOHre, Tyxa HHe - TOJiKy 3HaHMe. 

Buonema Mypamoea, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 



2.1.10 Ceza ceume m6ezan... 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: Ila 3a Cre6jieBO, OTKora e TOBa cejio, KaKBH ca Tyxa jnoflHre? Ot 

Kora ro HMa OBa cejio, ot Kora e? 

EcaT Ehhh: Co HJiH/jHHTe ro/niHH. 

B. T. H mo e Gh/jcho? Kojiko KyKH e HMajio? 

E. r. KyKH neTCTOTHHH. Cera hh e/jHa. 

B. T. E, HMa 6apeM ^ecex 

E. E JJecex Ha jiK>(})TaTa e/nio - neTCTOTHHH, Ha jHO^Tara apHTBe - /HiecTa h 

ocyM^ece. Cera H36eraa CBHTe. Cera HMa inecTOTHHH-ce/ieMCTOTHHH KyKH b Th- 

paH. H^eMe jieTe HHe CTapn Jiro/ie h ch 6eraMe 3HMe. 

B. T. A E HMajio hikojio, e HMajio /j>KaMHa, e HMajio HtpKBa? IU,o e HMajio, pa3Ka)KH 

mh jxe! 

E. r. Cecj)Te HMajio HtpKBa, nocjie HMajio jjtfcaMHa, HMajio pps Bepn - opToaoKC 

pncTaHH h MiocjiHMaHH. IIo-MHoro ca 6nfleHH MiocjiHMaHH, flBa-Tpnece KyKH ca 

GhJXCHH OpTOflOKC pHCTHHH. 

Ecam Tunu, zp. Tupana, 31.03.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 



BecejiKa ToHneBa: A HManie xopa HaBpeMeTO b Cre6jieBO? Kojiko xopa e HMano th 

Karo 6eme no-MJiajia? 

XaTHfl^Ke MypaTH: KaKO Majia, KaKO ro BHKaTe, He moh Jia ce pa36epBa y6ao, KaKO 

Majia nieeceT h niec KyKH, OBa Maana, co /jpyrara 3ae/nio - pps Maajni, cto h oc- 

tM^ecTt, MHoro 6eBMe. 

B. T. H hikojio HMame? 

X. M. J\&, HeMaeT cera Bene, HeMaT KyKH, HeMaT jnofle, ca/je mohtc, h oho KyKe y 

jieBOHfle, ppe - eJxeH Max, e/nia aceHa, coce/jeT OHiie, HeMa, h jjBe-Tpn KyKH TaMO, 

HeMaT Jiio/ni. 

B. T. Kb /je OTHfloxa? 

X. M. B TapaHa. IIo rpa/jOHre, CBer/je. TapaHa, Eji6acaHa, ,H,ypyc, pa3Typn. HeMa. 

Ce Typn fleMOKpaHHHTa, ce Typn Hapo/jox 

B. T. Th Karo 6erae no-Majia? 

X. M. ft 6eB Majia, mhoto. Cera ceayM/jecTe. 

B. T. J\& ch )KHBa h 3/ipaBa! 

X. M. H Bne fla CTe >khbh h 3/ipaBH! 

B. T. J\w Eo)Ke! 

X. M. J\w Eoace, h HHe ro bcjihmc - J\w Eo>Ke! J\w Eo>Ke y6aHHH, CBeKOMy 

Xamuddtce Mypamu, p. 1939 z. e c. Cmedneeo, o6p. 3 omd., seMedenue; c. Cmedjie- 

eo, 18.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 

221 



BecejiKa ToHneBa: Ka>KH mh kojiko KyKH e HMajio b KneHbe npep, neT/jeceT ro^H- 

HH? 

TeoprH ITjiayiiiKo: Tpn-neTepiieceT KyKH hh e HMaHO xpHcraaHCKH. 

B. T. A H306mO KOJIKO KyKH? B006lU,0 - H MIOCJIHMaHH, H XpHCTHaHH? 

r. II. MycjiHMaHH noeKbe. 

B. T. AMa kojiko KyKH, kojiko J1103H e HMajio bo KneHbe. 

r. II. A6e mo 3HaM a, TaKe hhcto, ro CTOTHHa, cto h neT/jeceT HMaT HMaHO, ctoth- 

Ha KyKH, flBaeceT-TpneceT pncTnaHCKn KyKH ca 6HJieHH, MycjiHMaHH - noeKbe. 

B. T. A cera kojiko KyKH HMa? 

r. II. Cera HMa /niaeceT h jjBe-Tpn KyKH. 

B. T. Kojiko jiiojth? 

r. II. IU,o 3HaM... nerapn KyKH ca mo hjict ot TnpaHa h ceaeT TyKa, a cyM OBJie 

CTa6njieH. (...) H 6eraT, Ha 3HMa, CHeron... (...) 

B. T. B THHeeH HMa jiiojth? 

E II. HeMa. Kjiiohot 3a ntpKBara e TyKa, caae KaK e HanpaBeHa. (...) HMarae e^HH 

HOBeK, toh yMpe. Ton 3aMHHa. B CTe6jieBO HMaT jiiojth, naar Ha 3HMa, Hflar bo 

rpafl. 

reopen rijiayvuKo, p. 1940 a e c. Knenbe, o6p. 4 km., Maucmop, padomun ei>e (pa- 

6puKa, ne e nanycKan Knenbe; c, KneHbe, 05.06.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 



Cnnpo MapKy: OcyMaeceT KyKH ca 6HJieHH HaBpeMeTO TyKa, nocjie ch ca nofijie- 

hh, no rpa^OHTe ca KpeHarH, bo ,H,ypyc... 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: Ot Koa ro^HHa, ot aeBeaeceTa MO>Ke 6h? 

C. M. Ot /jeBe/ieceT n ce/jMa, ot jieBe/ieceTa ca Gii/jemi menceT KyKH, jip fleBe^e- 

ceT h ce^Ma ca KpeHarH oine jiBaficeT KyKH, menceT KyKH ca Ghjichh Jip /jeBeaeceT 

n ce/jMa, no fleBe,neceT h cejjMa ca KpeHaTH oine KyKH, ot rojjHHaTa jieBe/ieceT n 

aeBeTa jio ppe xmiajiHa ro/nraa ca non/jemi cbhtc, ca KpeHaTH h ocTaHaBMe caMO 

a. HMauie oine ppe KyKH, aMa He 6ea Haran, jiofijieHH 6exa bo cejio Hame, KyneHn 

KyKH ot flpyro cejio Tyrbo 378 , a Ha cejio Hame - caMO a ocTaHaB. 

Cnupo MapKy, c. Bopjuutfa, 05.06.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 



2.1.11 Om Kaypume 3eMume My ca dadenu na cme6jieeu,ume... 

BecejiKa ToHieBa: H ot Kaypnre 3eMHTe mo ce cjiynnjio? 

BnojieTa MypaTOBa: My ca jiajieHH Ha CTe6jieBnnTe. 

B. T. Th Ka3Bara, HMajio Kaypn, kohto ca 3aMHHaTH b MaKe/jOHna - to e npe^H 

1944-Ta? 

B. M. Moht h no-paHO /ja e, ^eKa TyeKa HeMaT hh Jiena ocTaHaTH. A HMeTO ot 

3eMHTe hhbhh h e. Ce 3Hae. Co HMe ca ch 6hjih. 

378 ny>Kzio 

222 



B. T. Kami Me Heicoe HMe TaKBO. 

B. M. Tea He mox p,a 3HaM a. J\& Te MOMa, BejieBMe HHe, Kora oaeBMe aa pa6oTaMe 
no HHBHHTe, Ha KaypcKHTe, hhbh ca Tea - KaypcKH, ot OBae, ica ne CMe paGoTaae 
flHecKa, ot OBjje - b KaypcKHHe. Ka... HeMa aa ro 3HaM a, koh ca raa, kohiho ro 
HMajie Taa 3eMa. CeaBeHe ot KaypHBe, a kojiko mo ro HMaM nonyeHO, fie 6iiaeHO 
BaKBO, Kaypn ce 6iiaeHH bo cejio CeGnma, CeOnma HMaT CTaHaTO, HMar H3Tepa- 
ho 379 h 6njie 6mie H3TepaHO H3TepaHO co skoct... CTaHOBHre ce MecTea, He CMe 
OB/jeniHH, Kofi 3HaHT KaKBO.(---) Kora CTaHane THe ot cejio, cejio bopbh ot Ce6niHa, 

nOMHHajIH H3BOpHTe, nOMHHajIH Te>KKO, JJOUIJIH BO BopoBO, HC. He My OTBOpHJia 

BpaTa, He caicajiH aa ceaeT Tye. Cre6jieBO rn npoHOBHJio, rn npnejio, h ca 3a6oHa- 

hh Tye, ca ceaeHH, bo MaaaHa nopBa, ntpBara Maana — ce BHKaT Cocxa Maana, icafi 

CaGpnaH 380 , Tye, ce 6iiaeHH caMO ppe KyKH Kaypn (...), apyrme - TpH-qeTHpn-neT 

KyKH ca 6nfleHH b apyra Maana, ce BHKaT JlecKa, iho ce BHKaT, CTpe/pia Maana..., 

Tye Taa Maana, iho hhht koh ceno BopoBO, mo e no-BHCOKa - HeMaT hh eaHa Kyica 

KaypcKa. 

Buojiema Mypamoea, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.1.12 H mypu,u, u Kaypu... H u,T>pKoe, u dMcaMun... Kano 6pama u cecmpu. 

Bo)khh OnjibOKH: MeraaHH ca 6iiaeHH cenara. Bo Cre6neBO e 6iiaeHO h TypHH, h 

GtJirapn, h MaKeflOHHH. 

Tpo3fla nonn: ApHayra HeMano. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: A raa TpeGnma, OcTpeHH...? 

B. O. Bo CTapo BpeMe fie HMaHO... h THe hcto KaKO Hac 36opBaeT GtnrapcKH, CHTe 

mo 6ea, 6ea Gtnrapn. Ann bo CtcGjicbo neTHaece KyKH pHcraaHH. 

B. T. Th BHKaiu pncTHaHH, a apyrnre ca TypHH, aMa h THe 36opBaT 6i>nrapcKH? 

B. O. Bo BpeMe TypcKO ce noTypnHa. H aeHec h aeHec hm e HMHHSTa - TypnHH. 

E II. CBaBaara KaKO Hac. Cbhtc Hema. 

B. O. Hcto. 

E II. HameTO cejio 6eiue TypHH h Kaypn. Hne cbhtc oaeBMe, eano 6eBMe. E^hh 

Hapofl. KaKO HaMH cbc KpHcraaHHTe no-Majio. HaiueTO ceno e 6iiaeHO CBe Kaypn, 

nocjie Ha BpeMeTO TypcKO... 

Eookuh (PwibOKu, Tposda Tlonu (TIonocKa), zp. Tupana, 01.04.2008, 3an. B. Ton- 

neea, K. Pamonee 



CaaeTe IlHpyiHH: ,H,)KaMHa, na ojyxa., non, ot KjieHbe Haeme nonoT bo CtcGjicbo, 
non CTe6jieBCKH HeMaBMe HHe, non Toaop Haeme, HtpKOBTa e 6naeHa ao KyicaTa, 
m,o cyM poaeHa a. H HtpKOBTa e TypeHa, cyM a BHaejia a, TypeHe ca cbctc Ce 6pa- 



380 HMa npe/iBH^ Ca6pn MypaTH, KMeT Ha c. CTe6jieBO, kohto >KHBee b noconeHaTa Maxa- 
jia. 



223 



Heme okojio HopKOBTa, HtpKOBTa 6erae 3arpa/jeHa, HMame caMO jiHBa/ja 6euie okh 

3ejieHHJio okojio iitpKOBTa h He BJiarame noeK Tyexa. Co kjiioh. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: 3am,o? 

C. II. Ako HMame Helena, 6erae Jibeno MecTO, 3a p,a He BJiaraeT artHHa, KpaBH, p,a 

He ce nacHT, Tye 6erae Jibeno mhoto. 

Cademe Tlupymu, p. 1954 z, e Cme6neeo, o6p. nonyeucwe, MeduifuncKa cecmpa, 

om 1977 a, otcuenna e Endacan, om 1997 otcueee e Tupana; zp. Cocpun, 10.06.2008, 

3an. B. ToHHeea 



Becejnca ToHneBa: Si Ka3Bam - MiocnHMaHH h opTO/jOKC, a icaic ch ^KHBeexa? 

EcaT Ehhh: Pa/iocT, h/joct, a/jeHbe, nHeHbe, CBa/j6H, ptraaiKa, yMHpanKa - CBe 

3aeflHO... 

B. T. Pa3JiHHHa pejinrna He npenn? 

E. r. HHKoraiu Ha Beic Mne He CMe npaBdiH BaKBe ^a ce KapaMe. Th opTO^OKC - a 

MiocjiHMaH (...) Cbhtc CTe6jieBCKH ch BopBaT KaKO 6para h cecTpn - phctshh h 

MIOCJIHMaHH. 

B. T. A cjjecTHTe? 

E. E. H (jjecTHTe. 

B. T. KaKBH (jjecTH? 

E. r. 3a MJibory ro/jHH BejiHK/jeH Kan pncTHHHHBe, 3a MJibory ro/niH EafipaM Kan 

MIOCJIHMaHHTe. Cbhtc 3aeflHO. 

B. T. H TaKa, h TaKa. 

E. E. H cera TaKe CMe ch HHe bo Cre6jieBO. Cbhtc ctcGjicbckh ch bopbat Kaxo 

6para h cecTpn - phctshh h MiocjiHMaHH. (...) PHcraaHHTe ch o/jexa b HtpKOB 

- Ha Bo/hihh, Ha BejiHR^eH, Ha HjinnjeH, Ha IleTpoBfleH, MiocjiHMaHH ce o/jea b 

3>KaMHa - Ha EafipaM #a ce KJiaHaeT, b neTOK, phcthshhbc ch o/jea b He/jejia fla 

ce KtpcTeT 

B. T. ,H,o6po. E 6hjio y6aBO. 

E. E. Mjibory y6aBO. (...) Cma MHTpe, 6iipa/i3ep 381 ro HMaM a, ro BH>K3aiu MnTpe 

(npncTHra MnTpe Pafiico - 6eji. B. T.) Oh e pHcraaH, a - MiocjiHMaH, Kora e >KeHeT 

OHa, a cyM 6hji 6npa3ep Kafi Hero. Tarico My HeroB Ha 6a6o mh moh. 

B. T. LU,o 3HanH 6npafl3ep? 

E. E. EHpafl3ep e KaKO... oxe no6paTHM. 

Ecam funu, c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, A. sKaiioe 



2.1.13 Cjiyuiau mo nanpau Eueep Odwca, eo u,T>pKeume (ponu nose u eojioeu... 

Etokhh ®HJibOKH: Cnymafi mo Hanpan EHBep Oix^ca, bo HbpKBHre cjjojih K03e h 
bojiobh, h ce/ja, mo ce/ja eHO BpeMe h na/niaa. H TaKa ocTaHa. Ilocjie HHe CHTe, 
EopHHa /ja/je noMom, fla/je Tpn MHJiHOHa, /ja HanpaneMe, anH cera caMO em Kama 
HMa TaMO KpncTHaHCKa. Chtc H36eraa cejiaTa. CaMO Tofi e KpHcraaH. 



no6paTHM 

224 



Becejnca ToHneBa: EHBep 3a6paHH pejinrna n HbpKBa, a BHe npaBexTe jih npa3HH- 

UH? 

B. O. He npaeBMe HHKaKBO npa3HHK, caMO ntpBii Man. 

B. T. H hhiiio flpyro? Hhto Bo^hiih, hhto BejinK/jeH? 

B. O. KaKBH Bo/nnjn, KaKOB BejiHR^eH! Ila H/jea p,a BH/jeT /jajin npaHTe Hemo - 

flajiH Ma3HHK, hjih 6aKJiaBa, n ii/je p,a ce nyjiaT p,a He npaHMe 3a fleHonre. 

B. T. A CKpnuiHO, TafiHO, He ce jih npaBeme? 

B. O. TafiHO npaeBMe... 

B. T. A anna Ha BejiHK^eH? 

B. O. Cera j\a, npep, Toa He, Te (Jjojiht bo 3aTBop 3a pa6oTHiu.... Berae tokko BpeMe, 

Ka 3aTBop. J\a He mo* 3a ce, j\a nporopniH, HeManie ano6oaeH mac, pa36epn, 3a 

HHKoro, HeMaiue cjio6o/iho, nycTO BpeMe 6enie. (...) 3a neTHpenceT h ce^yM ro/jn- 

hh He Moeme Jia ce npeKptCTHiu. KptCTeHbeTO e npaBHJiHO Tyica, a He... (noica3Ba 

- 6eji. B. T.) Bo hmh OTHa h CHHa h CBeTaro flyxa, aMHH. A He, TaMO bo KneHbe ce 

a/jocBa, eHH KapaT, 3amo Taica. Cnyinan KbepKO, no Heicoa BpeMe )KeHHTe bo Haiue 

ceno Phctoc Ban3icpoc, He e Phctoc Ban3icpoc, a e Phctoc B03Kpece, bo HCTHHa 

B03Kpece. 

Eookuh (PujibOKu, zp. Tupana, 01.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



Becejnca ToHneBa: A BHicain HMajio nbpicBa h a^KaMna? Koa ro/jnHa rn 3arBopn- 

xa? 

Ecar Tkhh: LUenceT h uiec. 

B. T. Tn 3aTBopn EHBep Xofl^Ka? 

E. E Th 3aTBopna MJiajjHHHHTe aji6aHCKH. Mna/jimnHTe Benea - Bepara Hauia e 

aji6aHen. Phctshh, MiocjiHMaHH - cbhtc e/jHO - anGamin CMe! 

Ecam fuHu, c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, A. sKaiioe 



Becejnca ToHneBa: He e HMajio npo6jieM 3a Bac Kora e 6hjio Ehbcpoboto BpeMe? 
Cnnpo MapKy: He. HeMarae npo6jieM. To 6eme y6aBO, mo HaMH hh Hanpan toh 
(E. Xofl^ca, 6. m.) e/nro. H MyonHMaHH, h KpncTaHn Benenie - j\a HeMar p,a ce ica- 
paeT jiioflHBe, j\a ce caicaeT, Toa 6eme y6aBa pa6oTa, n CHTe ch o/jea, CHTe ce caicaa, 
MycjiHMaHH n KpncTnaHe He ce flejiea, ce caKaeT, Taica ^khbhmc y6aBO Mne ome 
Tora Ha BpeMe EHBepoBO, h cera. 
Cnupo MapKy, c. BopMut^a, 05.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



2.1.14 A rocnod e edun... 

Ecar Thhh: Tocnofl e kphobhji 382 n Te6e hobck, h MeHe hobck, ce poflHBMe, n th 
3op>KHui flOMa, h th hhui, nHein, Meco, paKHa, Jibe6, koh, Marape, KpaBa, Tejie, 



225 



OBija, h a - OBija, KpaBa, Tene, Hrae, ape, h Ha Te6e, cbhtc e/mo cmc 3amo th ch 

6hji HHaKOB, a cyM 6hji HHaKOB, e/mo CMe - Kaico th h a. Eocno/j. Th hhhhih Ha 

Bor - e, Eocno/m, /jan mh! Ha- en, Eocno/m, aMHH, /jan mh! 3amo th HHaKO, a - 

HHaKO? KaKO napTHHBe. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: ,H,o6po, aMa 3amo e/jHHTe bo HtpicBa, ppyrine - bo /j>KaMHa? 

Afi^e cera, TOBa ca pa3JiHHHH KyKH! A Eocno/i e e/mH. 

E. E A 3amo OBe npaBH jiKKJrra - 3a Kapn OBa napTHa, p,a Kapn OHa napTHa, #a 

Kapaa... 

B. T. KaTO napTHH e OBa. 

3eHdi Ea/pKa: „5i o/jaM b /pKaMHa, /jpyriiOT o/m Ha Texe, h ceKofi Ka pene - Eoc- 

nofla, 3a Eocno/ja, th Ka ohiu b hi>pkob h Ka KpeHera paijeTe - 3a Eocno/ja... /jOMe- 
3aH 383 e ^ H0 CMe 

E. E CnnoB Hapofl bo bckob, mo e kphobxhh, mo >khbct ceayM MHJiHap/jH, mo ca 
KpnoBaHH, BenaT (...) flBOHija jiioflH, pp. ce KpnoBHaT ^BOHiia mo/m - e/jHO ^kchcko 
h e^HO Ma^KKO, 3am,o H3JieroB a HHaKOB, th - HHaKOB? Hne e/mo cmc Bo bckob, 
pa36iipam jih. B AjiGamia MiocnHMaHCKa Bepa HeMajio npe/jH ce/jeMCTOTHHH ro- 

flHHH. 

B. T. A mo e HMano? 

E. r. IU,o HMano? Bepa, Kamo cyM ch po/jeH, TaKa cyM ch. H th Kamo ch po/jeHa, 

MaiiKa th Kamo Te po^HJia - TaKe ch, hobck th - hobck a, 3amo th pncTaH, a... 3a 

fla ce flaBHMe, rsl ce KapaMe e^HH c ^pyrno, fla Ke rpa6nMe, pa ce GaeMe... 

3. r. 3amo th KarojiHK, a MiocjiHMaH.... 

E. r. He raeflafi th OB/jeKa bo CreGjieBO, HHe KaKO 6paTa h KaK cecTpn CMe hchbcjih. 

H naK TaKa ch >khbhmc. H b Aji6aHHa TaKa >khbhmc HMaT mhoto p^pmaBw, mo 

npaHT jiio(j)Ta, bh>k mo ce npanr bo... Apa6na... 

Ecam ruHU, 3euen TadoKa, p. 1931 2. e c. Cmedneeo, o6p.4 kji., padomwi Kamo 

azponoM, om 1955 z, otcueee e Tupana; c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, 

A. sKcuioe 



OaTHMe Epyaa: Eoace, noMorai, caae Kora HMani MOKa, 3Hani CBe apHO... Kora ch 
3o6po - 3a6opaBara (cMax). Mne CBe apHO, 6eraMe Ha pa6oTa - Eo>Ke, noMomi! 
Bap^H hh ot jiohi caT, ot Honiara, caTO, nac, ot jioihh nacoBH Bap^H hh, ce OHMe 
Bpa6oTa, Eocnofl flyraa hochmc, pa hh Bap/niT Bor ce mojihmc BncMHJiaH. CBe, 
KaTa peH, cohhc rpen hh, th BHacaam mhoto, cohhcho rpen, Mne He, Mano miiKpa- 
Me, coHHeTO pa hh Bap^Hin, ce mojihih Ha cohhc, Ha Eocnofl, Ha Boace. Bne bcihtc 
Bor. 
(PamuMe Tpyda, c. Cme6neeo, 18.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



226 



2.2 KajieHaapHa oGpeaHOCT 
2.2.1 Hamu npa3Huu,u KpucmunHCKu... 

EcaT Tkhh: IlHJieHO 6era py Ha HjiHr/jeH. HjiHr/jeH ro BHKaMe Ha CTpefl jieTO, 
TiopreBfleH - MHTpoB^eH - iuec Ha mec. (...) 3a Meero nnaHHHCKO, mo CMe HHe, 
Hne ro BejiHMe - uiec MeceHH 3HMa, iuec MeceHH jibem JIbeTO e ot riopreB/jeH 
flo MHTpoB^eH, ot MHTpoB^eH flo riopreB/jeH, Ha ocyM HaH/jop 384 , e/niHaficTH - 
MHTpoB^eH, Ha iuec - riopreB/jeH, Man, nocne OBHe jibeTHH - HjinraeH, IleTpoB- 
fleH, BopoHHa, TaHacoB/jeH. Ka KHHHCBam 385 Ha Eopoinja, KHHHCBaMe /ja cefiMH 
op^KOBeTe 386 3a /jpyrara ro/niHa... 
Ecam Tuhu, c. Cme6neeo, 02.06.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 



Mnrpe PafiKo: ,H,eBeTHaficeT aHyapn, KaK ro BHKaTe BHe, nbpBH MeceH b ro/jHHara, 

aHyap, Ha /jeBeTHaficeT aHyapn (jjtpjraMe Kp-bCTa. 

Becejnca ToHneBa: KaK ce BHKa Toa /jeH? 

M. P. Bo/jhhh fi BHKaMe Hne, no. 

B. T. 3amo ce xB-bpjia Toa Kp-bCT? 

M. P. 3omo ro ocTaBHJiH 3a 3/ipaBbe, 3a... ro ocTanjie CTapn, He moo /ja th HHTa, 

30IHO, 3a KaKBO... 

B. T. Kofi ro Ba/jH Kp-bCTOT ot BO/jara? 

M. P. KtpcTOT ro (jjtpjiaMe TyeKa bo BO/jara h fie/jeH ot CTapHBe, HeKofi CTap, Ka 

ce KtnHT caM, Tya, Tya Kafi KtpcTOT, neuiMaTa Ke My (jjtpjraT OB/je BO/ja h OB^e (...), 

BOfla, Ka ce kohht h Ke 6erar /joiwa, h Ka OHMe b hi>pkob, Bpamar Ha3a/j h Ke OHMe 

flOMa. TaKa ro ocTanjie CTapn, TaKa ro Ka>KyBaMe na. KaTa ro/niHa. 

B. T. Kora CTe ro xB-bpjiajiH nocne/jeH nar? 

M. P. Hpep, HMa fleceT p,o TpHHaeceT ro/nnm. Hpep, /nm-TpHHaeceT ro/nimi. Ilpe- 

KHHa. HeMa mope. HeMa Kofi. KaT pa He e nonoT, non, KaKO BHKaTe. (...) 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: 3eMera jih ch ot Taa BO/ja, peKa kp^cto ce xB'bpjia? 

M. P. Ke 3eMein Bopa,, Ke qyBaiu /joiwa 3a 3/ipaBbe, Ke ce HanHem... (...) 5i qyBaiu 

e/jHa roflHHa, He ce pa3cnnBa Taa. He ce pa3cmiBa. Taa BO/ja e npnqecTHa. 

B. T. IU,o flpyro CTe npa3HyBajiH? Ilocjie Bo/jhhh, Ha CenKO? 

M. P. He, no Bo/jhhh, npefl Bo/jhhh e HoBa ro/niHa. TaHacoB/jeH, aMa TaHacoB/jeH 

He npanMe Hne, ro npan flpyra paTa, KaKO BHKaTe BHe - erionHH. (...) lipep Bcjihk- 

peii ceayM He/jejiH nocTHM. (...) Ce pa36npa, ce npaBH ro36n, pa KHHHcaMe nocT, 

ce npan, npanMe co Jionme Hanpe/i Hne, orbH... Ha noKJia/jH, npefl ce/jeM He^ejiH 

npefl BejiHR^eH - noKna/ni, povipQ, najiHMe orHbOBe, (...) hcbccth, co khjihmh, 

pa6oTH BaKBH, Ka qyKaMe (jjHJiaH 3a (JoiuiaHKa, (JDHJiamca 3a (jjmiaHa. 

B. T. mo e $HJiaH? 



384 HOeMBpH 

385 npHroTBHiu 

386 pT>5K 



227 



M. P. Hynara 387 MHTpeBa 3a /jeTcro KoHCTaHTHHOBO... (...) Topn, nyRaMe c e/mo 

ApeBO, npaBeHO TaKO... co ntrjiHHa, ntrjiHHa 3aMaeT ot TaMy n nyRaeT Ha RaMe- 

hot, axo Hanpan mac - a, ice ro 3eMa nyncro MnTpeBO (jjmiaHRa. (...) 

B. T. H noone 7 Hcgejin mo He ce a/je? 

M. P. He ce e/je, mo e MtpcHO - Mac 388 , mo HMa KtpB, He ce a/je. 

K. P. iliiHa MO>Ke jih jja ce a^e, TaM KptB HeMa? 

M. P. HeMa KtpB... HMa KOKOiuicaTa KtpB, mo ro hoch aimem (cMax) Caae pn6a 

ce a#e, bo nocTa. 

B. T. Kora ce a#e? 

M. P. Kora caicaiH - He, Ha BjiomoHbe, Ha BjiaroBeH - pn6e, BjiomoHbe BejiHMe 

Hne, Ha ce^yM anpnji h hkc (...) 

B. T. Bo nocTOT KaKBH flpyrn npa3HHHH, 3HanH HMaiwe BjiaroBeH? H flpyro HaMa? 

M. P. He, HMa, mo BenaT JIcthhk, BejiHMe Ha HeTHpHHaficeTH Mapc. 

B. T. JleTHHK. IU,o 3HanH? IU,o ce npaBH? 

M. P. Hnmo ce npaBH, ce nornomKaa ^>KarypHHa co, ice o6ecn Ha Hemo, jiiojirh. 

K. P. A Tyica Bpi>3Ba jih ce Ha /jeHaTa 6ajio h nepBeHO? 

M. P. no, HtpBeHO h 6eno. 

B. T. Kaic ce BHKa? 

M. P. MoHaKb ro BHKaMe hhc 

B. T. Toa MOHaK KaKBO ro npaBHiu nocjie, kojiko BpeMe ctoh Ha ^>KarypHHaTa Ha 

poKa? 

M. P. J\o TiopnoBfleH, Ha #eH riopnoB/jeH Ha iuec Man, p,o Toraiu, He ry H3(j)pi>- 

jiaiu.. 

Mapna Painco: Bo e/ma TpeH^acjjHJia ro MeTani. 

B. T. ,H,o6po, a nocjie npe/i BejinR/jeH HMa JIa3ap? 

Mapna: JIa3apnHa. 

B. T. Kora e JIa3apnHa? 

M. P. JIa3apHHa e e/ma He,gejia npep, BejiHR/jeH, He e e/ma He,gejia, noBeicbe ot He- 

flejia, neTOK, He neTOK npep, BejiHR/jeH, e/jeH neroR no-Hanpe/i e JIa3apHHa. 

B. T. He e jih bo ca6oTa? 

M. P. He, bo neTOR. 

B. T. IU,o ce npaBH Ha JIa3apnHa? 

M. P. H3Jie3ar ^enaTa H3 JiiOfleTO flpyrn 3a 6epeT anna, roh Re My /jaaeT aima... 

K. P. necHa neexa jih a^KarypHHaTa? 

M. P. neaT fl^KarypHHaTa, neax 

K. P. TaM RaRBH - aeua n cocrh hjih caMO flena xo/jexa? 

M. P. CaMO aeHa. MaacRH ^eua, )kchcrh hc (...) 

B. T. Bo ceRoa RyRa jih oaexa? 

M. P. Bo CBeRoa, h aima. H MycjinMaHCRa n hm /jaBax 

Mapna: 3a 6epeReT. 



228 



K. P. IU,o th npaBaT tim ainja nocne? 

M. P. .HfleT h BaniiBaeT 3a BejinK/jeH. 

B. T. Ako e neTtK JIa3ap, b ca6oTa mo e, a bo He/jejia? A b He/jejia HeMa jih Hbct- 

HHija? (...) 

M. P. Ha Hbcthhhh HeKofi, mo HMa HMe, My o/jhiii p,a My nneiu paKna, Ha BH3HTa, 

Ha Apyro HeMa mo, HMar hmcto, hhiho flpyro. 

B. T. H nocne? 

M. P. BejiHK/jeH /jpyraTa Helena. Bo hctbptok - Bcjihkh hctbptbk, BanHBaMe afi- 

HaTa 3a BejiHK/jeH, Mne ro HMaMe Hafi-rojieM /jeH neTOK npep, BejinK/jeH, Hafi-ro- 

jieM p,ea, 3omo BejiHMe Ha Bcjih neTOK He Tpe6a p,a pa6oTHiu HHKaKBaTa pa6oTa, 

Hafi-rojieM rqh. 

K. P. 3amo? 

M. P. 3am,o, 3amo BdiaT CTapn, fia CTaHaji Phctoc h 3aTO Hafi-rojieM /jeH. 

B. T. ilfinaTa KaTO rn BanHBaTe caMO npBeHH jih hjih ceKaKBH? 

M. P. UpBeHH. 

B. T. 3omo? 

M. P. 3omo KtpBTa PnerocoBa, B&naT, Ke ro 3aKJiajiH nncjjyTH TaMO, Kan mo hh 

peiaie CTapHTe. 

K. P. 3a afinara 60a ot mo ce npaBH? 

M. P. Boa ce npaBH h ot bhho - HptBeHa 60a, ce npan, aMa erapo bhho 3a e, Ke 

ocTaHH Ha flpeBO, h Ta 60a e, 6tHBa ot bhho, Ke ocTaHe, Tpn rojinHn bhho, nerapn 

roflHHH e ce^eHO BHtTpe, Ke ocTaHH, ot Tea BanHBaT, CTtp^Kem ro, mo Ke ocTaHe 

h Te 60a e, cera 6oaTa a KynHM. 

B. T. IleTBK He pa6oTHTe hhiijo? 

M. P. Hhiho, Hne BejiHMe OB^eKa, mo ro /jopmiM h rjie^aiKaHa a BtpTHMe hhh- 

kom, jia He ce bhjth, mo e. 

B. T. Die/jaHKaHa, onieaajio? 

M. P. Oraeflajio. HaontKO. 

B. T. Bo neTOK? 

M. P. CaMO bo neTOK. (...) 

B. T. XoaexTe Ha nepKBa Ha BejimcjieH? BenepTa? 

M. P. He, ca6afijie oaeBMe Hne, o/jBenep He. Ca6afijie. 

B. T. IU,o npaBHTe? 

M. P. IU,o npanMe, /ja ce npeKptCTniu, 3a ce npiraecTHin, nonoT, aK #a fie non, aK 

HMa non, aKO HeMa, p,a o/nnn b ntpKBa. HocnMe afiua n MeHBaMe, th Ke mh aa/jem 

MeHe, a Ke th /jajiaM Te6e. 

B. T. A Ha lepKBara afina aaBam jih? 

M. P. no 389 . 

K. P. ntpBOTO afine, fleTO ro Goa/jncBam Ha Bcjihkh leTBtprbK, Hemo npaBHin jih 

ro? 



229 



M. P. IIpBOTO afiije ro qyBaMe HHe, afiiie e/jHa ro/jHHa, rofliraa ro qyBam, ra3en 390 

fla HMa Hem,0, BtpHH 391 , flO^KflOBH CHJIHH, Ke TO OCTaHIH Ha/JBOp, BHHCTO OT BeJIH 

neTBpTOK, npBOTO afiHe, Ke npeKHHe TaBa... 

B. T. Ke cnpe fla BpHe. Ilia npeKHHe %& BpHe? 

M. P. Ilia npeKHHe. 

K. P. Th KaKBO BHKara 7 leTBtprBKa ot BejiHK/jeH. 

Mapna: Bcuhkh hctbptok h ceaeM neTBpTOKa p,o CnacoB/jeH, ceayM hctbptohh He 

pa6oTaMe, He pa6oTara bo HHBa. 

M. P. Ce^eM neTBpTBnH p,o CnacoB/jeH. 

K. P. He ce pa6oTaT, aMa KaKBa pa6oTa? Ha HHBa? 

M. P. Ha HHBa, nancKa. 

B. T. 3oino ne ce pa6oTH Ha HHBa? 

Mapna: 3a ra3en. 

M. P. H anneTO 3a TOBa e. 

B. T. Ta3en e Kora naaar...? 

M. P. 3tpHa. Mna/niTe 3a6paBHJiH thh pa6oTH. AMa My B&JiHMe Hne Ha MJia/jHTe 

OB^e... 

B. T. nocne TioprioBfleH H/je hjih mo H/je? noane BejiHK^eH? 

M. P. BejiHK^eH, nocjie no BejiHK,geH, neTpoB/jeH... riopnoB/jeH. 

K. P. Ha BaKO(j) H/jexTe jih Ha IropriOB/ieH? 

M. P. no. 

Mapna: H ro/jimaBa. JIaHH 6eBTe Bne. 

K. P. J\&, 6exMe. 

B. T. KaK ce kojih arae 3a IropriOB/ieH? 

M. P. He kojih arae, H^e jho/hi, cbckoh ch kojih, ch (jjaMHJina, ch npaBH Kec|D, TaM. 

B. T. H nocjie neTpoB^eH. 

M. P. neTpoB^eH. 

B. T. IU,o ce npaBH, HMa neTpoB nocT? 

M. P. HMa. 

Mapna: Kofi Moace /ja nocTH. 

M. P. Tpnece fleHa, Tpn He^ejin. 

B. T. IU,o ce npaBH Ha neTpoBaeH. 

Mapna: Meco, ot arae, KOKonnca, p,a HMa Meco. 

M. P. Ako fla HMaiu arae oine no-y6aBO. (...) 

B. T. nocjie Eoropo/nma? 

M. P. HjiHr^beH e ntpBO, nocjie Eoropo/jHHa. ,H,Ba aBryc. Ha HjiHHaeH ce ajjH, ce 

nne, ce o/ni Kan toh Hjibo, mo ro BHKaT, Ka My nnera paKHa, Meco Ka My a^Hiu, 

THe ca npa3HHHH. nocjie Eoropo/jHHa, Ha /nmficeT h ocyM aBryc. ABryc BHKaTe 

MeceHOT? 

B. T. Hne BHKaMe aBiycT, a Bne KaK BHKaTe? 

390 rpazi 



230 



M. P. Tym, Ha aji6aHCKH. 

B. T. A Ha 6yrapcKH? 

M. P. Ha 6yrapcKH aBryc. To 3HaM. (...) Eo>khh ro npaHMe HHe Ha ce/ryM aHapn. 

IIpaaT nocTH p,o Eo>khh raec He/join, nocTHiu KaK 3a Bejimc/ieH, raec He/join. 

K. P. Kojiko fleHa e Btokhk? 

M. P. Tpn jiena. 

Mapna: He 3HaM, Tya Bo>khk th BHKaMe cbhtc (...) 

B. T. A npefl Btokhk? HrHaT? 

Mapna: Cbcth HnKOJiaM. 

B. T. Ha koh fleH e? 

M. P. Ha aeBeTHaficeT, no. 

Mapna: JIe6on Ke Mecnra. 

K. P. IIIapeH jih e Jie6o? 

m. p. no. 

Mapna: IIIapeH. Co npoccjjop. 

B. T. Bne HMaTe jih npoccjjop flOMa? 

Mapna: Civie HMajiH, cera He. 

Mumpe PauKo, p. 1937 z. e c, Cmedneeo, o6p. ocnoeno, seMedenue, ne e nanyc- 

kcui Cmedjieeo; Mapun PauKo, p. 1941 a e c. l>p6ejie (/Je6i>pcKo), o6p. ocnoeno, 

seMedenue, OM-botcena e Cmedjieeo; c. Cmedneeo, 19.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. 

Pamonee 



PacjjMne AB/niy: Kora oaea Ha Bo/niHe, opo npaea, Ha BacmiHija, He 3HaM KaK 
BHKaTe Bne, HoBa ro/niHa Ha BauiHHCKO. OH/je neiuMa, Kan OHe neniMaHa HMano 
KopHTO, HOBara, a KyKa ot 6a6o OH^e 3rope a HMaB, h H^ea Tea KpncTHaHKHTe 
Hflea, H^ea HaBO/ja, TyKy HOKa H^ea, ro 3aTimea kophtoto, j\& ro HaS/jar nonHO, 
H^ea co norane, BHKaBMe norane HHe, H/jea Tea h neea, Tye hcbccth HaMecTeHH, 
HHe /j)KarypHHa KaKBO hm ce nyjieBMe ot Kan KyKaTa, aMa 3HMa, CHeron, THe Kbe 
H^ea HOKa... (...) He o/jeBMe TaMO, hh Kapae CTapHHHTe, TyKy Ke ce/jeBMe HHe ... 
Ha HOKb, an 3a noH/niMe /ja My pyiHHMe (civiax), ^^KarypHHa, CTapnTe hh Bap^ea 
- HeKa ch npaaT... Hne He o/jeBMe caMH, He hh ocTaBaa CTapHHHTe. norane Hocea 
TaMO h neea, He 3HaM KaKBH necMH - J\w mh Boace flap 6epHKex.. n Ha Typnn, 
n Ha Kaypn, ro neea Kaypnre... KaypcKa 6euie Taa (jjeera, He oaeBMe Hne, ^chot 
nrpaBMe 3ae/nro Kan OBe nneBHH hm BHKaMe HHe, Kae 6epeBMe ceHO 3a 6paBH, 
Kan HMaBMe nynieHO Mano h TyKa Ka ce c6epeBMe - KpncTaHKH, MyonHMamcH, ne 
HManie mccto bo nneBHaTa h Ke nrpaBMe Tya 3ae/nro. He pa6oTaBMe h Mne Ha Ba- 
CHJiHHa, nee HaBO/ja, Hne He cnneBMe, HHe MycuHMaHH MOMHHHma Ke ceaeBMe CBa 
hoih, Ke naKaBMe, Ke H/jexa KaypnTe ^a neaT, Ke BH^eBMe HeBecTaTa, y6aBO, mhoto 
y6aBO, (jjecTara... o6jiaKa 392 Jibeno, Te Jibeno mhoto ce o6jiaKar, HMaBMe Kecj) p,a rn 
BH^K^aMe HeBecTH, hcbccth Ke neea... 



392 o6neKno 

231 



Pa(pMue (Paxdue) Aeduy, p. 1939 a e c. Cmedneeo, o6p. 4 km., sejuedejiue, om 1967 
2. otcueee e M^pyc (flpan); c. Cmedneeo, 20.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamo- 



Tpo3fla IIoiih: BeB /jeBeT-,receT ro/niuma a, Bo/jimiiTe HMaBMe (...) IIpaeBMe mie 

KyMOT - eHHOT th 3eMaiue, eHHOT th Tporaaiue, a? 

Btokhh OiuibOKH: Cnyman KaKBO 6erae. CTap h MJiafl. Cera CTapnoT, m,o 6eme, hm 

flaBauie Ha toh flpyrnoT, n npaeBMe /pKyM6yc, /me Benepn h e^eH pyneK. Ha HoBa 

roflHHa npaBea Ma3HHK 393 , cyxae, He 3HaM Kaxo ce BHKa no 6tJirapcKH. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: BaHHHa. 

B. <t>. Ila 6amma h no TypcKH ce BHKa. H Ha HoBa ro/nnia noane o/jea Kan KyMOB 

MJiafl, >KeHHTe cyxae, npaBea Gamina, npaBeT h norana, Jie6, na e Ma3HHK, j\& HMa- 

rae flBe KHJia Mac.no BHaTpe. noane Ha 3a^HaTa Benep Kan CTapnoT KyM o/jea h 

noranaBa, h Ma3HHKOT, h KOJibKy icyice 6ea, anb j\qcqt, ajib neTHaeceT, ajib He 3HaM 

KOJiKy, h flejin 3a ceKoa KyKa h My ^aBae, 6ea /me Benepn h e/jen pyneK. 

E II. E3H0 6aKpanyjibe 394 MaeHKO, He 3HaM KaKO ro B&JiHTe GaKpanyne, cbckoh 

(jjojianie jie6nHHa 3a 3/ipaBbe, HOceBMe, nnainaBMe 3a 3/ipaBe h 3a HtpicoBTa. IIo- 

kjiohh, napn, Kbecj) ce npaBH co nape... 

B. T. He pa36pax caMO koh e CTap KyM, koh e MJia/i KyM? 

E n. Toh, mo ro HMame ro/jiraaBa, ro HMaB a KtpcTOT ro/jHHara, a ane/mara ro/jH- 

Ha Ke aaaaM e/jen pyneK n e/nra Benepa, CTap KyM ce BHKa b ro/nina a... 

B. T. KaK ce H36npa KyM Ha OBa ro/jHHa? 

B. CD. Hob KyM, crap KyM. 

E n. Ot Kan MeHe ca /maeceT KyKH, cera ch HMaMe aeJieHO, y Te6e ro/niHa, th Ke 

hh CTaBHin, Ka cera... 

K. P. ToBa }KeHa jih e hjih e mojk? 

E n. Mojk, uieTa jxqtq co 6aKpanyjieTO co KopcTOT. H Ka ohiu ot KyKa b KyKa h ch 

(Jjojiht napn BHOTpe, kopctot ch e co GocnneK, HBeTHHa... OrBenep Kan nonoT ro 

hoch h ch HMame KyM. Ot Kan KyMOT crap Ka o/ieBMe Kan KyMOT hob CBaTOHTe, 3a 

OBa ro/nraa. Ot Kan hobhot Ha OBa ro/jHHa ce npaBH CBaTOB CTap KyM, ot KyKa b 

KyKa flacyM6yc 395 /ja npaBHT. 

B. T. Cnre jih ro H36npare? Koh ro H36npa? 

E n. CTapnoT ro H36npa, no-CTapnoT hobck ot Taa KyKa ro H36npa, a KyM, mo ro 

npanMe KyM Ha CBaB6a, e flpyro. 

B. O. Cnyman, OBa e cocjppa CBeTHHOBaHOBa, cbcth HoBaH 6eme KyM Ha cocjjpa. 

Ko KopcTna bo peKa HopaaH Ha cbcth HoBaH. H neea noane - Bo Hopaanna xpn- 

CTaiome, CBaT Te6e rbcno/ni, TponnecKoro... no Cbp6cKH. KyM ce BHKame, 3aino 

6eme, Tpe6ame cbcth HoBaHO, a KyM apyro HMaMe 3a CBaB/ja. Cera ro/jHHa - a, 

393 6aHHi;a 

394 6aKi>pHe 

395 Becen6a 

232 



nocne npe/jaBaM a kopctot h ro 3eMeT OBe, cera OBe e hobhot KyM, a cbm CTapnoT, 
3am, npe^aBaM kopctot. Cne/maTa ro/nraa co pep,. 

Eookuh (PwibOKu, rposda Tlonu (TIonocKa), zp. Tupana, 01.04.2008, san. B. Toh- 
neea, K. Pamonee 



CaaeTe IlHpyniH: Ehjio. Ilocjie ce pa^BaBMe Kora kh /joht (JjecTnre ot KpHinepn- 

Te 396 . Tiie Ha Bo/nnjn Ka o/jea Ka ce Konea, KaypnTe Ha e/jHa neiHMa... (...) J\&, flOJiy, 

Ka ce Konea KaypnTe h >KeHHTe Kora Ka ce Bpamae cbhtc neaiue h HHe Ka ce 6e- 

peBMe fl)KarypHHa MaeHKH h THe He... Ha 6jhot, bo Tennna 6jhot, KaKO iho npaHMe 

Kope, cyKaHO h 6jhot. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: He 3HaM mo e 6jhot. 

C. II. ... cyKaHO h npaeBMe Kope, 3a Ma3HHK, 3a cyKaHO... 

B. T. H mo? IU,o bh flaBaT >KeHHTe? 

C. II. H >KeHHTe KaypcKe npaaT norane, jieGon h npaea napnyjiHHa, napnyjinHa, 
aejiee h Ka ce 6epeBMe Mne hmhh #aBae TyeKa. 

B. T. A KaKBH necMH neexa? BnKani H/niar h neaT necHH. 

C. II. KpncTHaHCKH. He rn naMeTBa, Ha (ma^n Ka BHKae, cbhtc Ka neea >KeHHTe, 
nocjie Ka BHKae mokhtc h aceHnre 3ae/nro - rocno/je, noMorai! TaKe BHKae, ca^e 
necMeTe neene }KeHHTe, THe o/jea h >kchh, h mooti Ha Bo/jnne, o/jea Ha neinMara. 
H Ka neea acemiTe h nocjie... Benea cbhtc o^eHO, no CBeKa necMa - TocnoflH, no- 
mo^kh! Beuie y6aBO, OKe rn naMeTBa, cyM 6nna MaenKa. 

Cademe Tlupyum, zp. Cocpun, 10.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



BecejiKa ToHneBa: KaTO CTe HMann KpncTHaHCKHTe npa3HHHn, MycjiHMaHCKHTe en 
rn 3Haeji? Kyp6aH BafipaM, PaMa3aH BafipaM? 

Cnnpo MapKy: Tne rn npaBeT, Tea ce.ua caMO Tpe6nma, THe ch npaBea, HHe ch 
HMaMe npaBeHO HameTO - caMO Bokhk, Bo/nmn, BejimcaeH, JIa3apHHa, TiopreB- 
p,ea, MHTpoB^eH, enre npaHMe KaKO npa3HHnn, Haran npa3HHHH KpncTHaHCKH. 
HManie CTapnoT TaTKO moh nyBame KajieH^ap, Tye cera HeMa KajieH^ap (...) aKe, 
ch aaBa toh npa3HHHHTe, th Kaace, ot ntpKBara ce th KaacBeT, Ka HHram h... Kara 
npaBHiu, a HeMaM cera. (...) Ha MHrpoBaeH OBHe npaBaT nnryjinna BonnMe Mne, 
Taa a npaBaT co Mac h a (jjojiaT Ha/jBop, 36opea CTapnre, ko Benea, /jeMeK — Ha.... 
Tocnoaa. 

B. T. IU,o e nnrynnna, KaKO Jie6 Heino? 

C. M. KaKO Jie6, Ka ro npaaT h Ka ro nenax.. co Mac, Ka ro HanpaaT, KyKHHHTe 
jiiofln Ka 3eMaT TyKa no Mano cecj)Te n Ka cjjojih Ha/jBop nocne, Ka mojih Ha Toc- 
nofla, Ka CTaBH TennnaBa Ha^Bop, Ke 3eMeT cbhtc KyKHHH no Majio, Ka (Jjojih bo 
ycTa, Tennna Ka cjjojih Ha^Bop n Ka /jaBame, Marmara ot KyKaTa Ka MOJieme Ha 
Tocnofla... 



XpHCTHaHHTe 



233 



B. T. AMa h MycjiHMaHHTe? 

C. M. H MycjiHMaHHTe Taxe. (...) Benn - n Mne aa npaBHMe Kaxo BaMH, Bne HMare 
no-y6aB... 

B. T. A 3arao tohho Ha MnrpoBneH? 

C. M. MinpoBaeH, He 3HaM, Taxa, ot CTapnTe ro 3HaM. 

B. T. MnrpoBaeH e MnTpe, JJflMUThp... 

C. M. H HMe HMarae! Kofi HMame MnTpe - oae, nne, Tonna paxna Ke hm aaae, 
Kacjje. Ha rioprbOBaeH nine kojihmc, MHe ceno Haiue ro npan rioprbOBaeH - nae 
Ha roc™, Ka HaeT Kafi HaMH apyrnre Haran, Ka rn HarocTHM, Hneme tctkhtc moh, 
ByfiKOBH moh, 6para, cecTpH, Ke nae Ha roc™, cenoBO Harae ro npaerae, riop- 
rbOBaeH ro npaerae, Kypce HBaHneH, Cbcth HoBaH ro npaBea IlacHHKH, Ka HneMe 
TaMO Kafi hhmh, KaKO cena... KpncTHaHHn, a na THa Ke apfinaT Ha rioprbOBaeH Kafi 

HaMH. 

B. T. A Ha Bo/hhjh? IU,o ce npaBerae? 

C. M. Ma3HHHH Ke npaaT, KHHaTH Ma3HHHH, TenHHa Ka a nojmaT, nojraar, Ka Ba- 
peM Meca, Ka Bape nneHKa, Ka cjjojih rpacj) 397 bo nneHKara, Ka h3(J)ojih Typrana, Ka 
h3(J)ojih pa6oTH h Ka nae no cenoTO, no KyKn, Ka nee necHa, Ka nee necHa no KyKH 
raeTa, Ka kochh Kafi Te6e, Kafi MeHe, Kafi apyrn, Tbfi ro npaea Kao (jjeera. Iiocne 
HayTpo MJia^HTe peaea, KaKO erapnn, npaea, en npaea a>KyM6yra npaBea,... Ka 
neeT necHn CTapnTe, nocae yTpnHTa aenra Koa CTaHe ro npanr KyKHTe, roaHHaBa 
Kafi MeHe KptcTOT. 

B. T. IU,o ce npaBH co kt>pctot? 

C. M. Co KtpcTOT ce npan - Ka (jjopjinr bo peKa, Ka ro nyranm a th, roaHHaBa 
Ka ro 3eMaB a, th Ka ro nyranm, a Ke ro Baaa, a naKaM aoay KtpcTOT... n Ka nee n 
Ka npaBe a>KyM6yniH Tye, th Ka ro nyranm, Ka ro 3eMa a, nocjie Kora Ka H3Baaa 
KtpcTOT, Ka (jjojia, HMarae TeHa^epne Maao co 6ochjick, no-CTapnre, Ka ce HanneT 
BOfla ot 6ocHJieKOT, ot KtpcTOT h TyKe Ka npae Kafi MeHe a^yMGyran Ka npaerae, 
cejiOBO naerae Kae MeHe, neao ceno Tye Kafi MeHe, Ka npan a>KyM6yra, Ka nee... 

B. T. AMa ce 3Hae, ne th rae B3eMera Kp-bCTa? 

C. M. Ce 3Hae, ce 3Haerae, KaTa roanm th ch 3Haera. 

B. T. Cne/jHaTa roaHHa... 

C. M. Ke ro nyraaM a, apyr Ke ro (jjaTH. 

B. T. Kofi H36npa Kofi pa &bpe caeaHara roaHHa? 

C. M. Co pea en ro npaBHMe cenoTO, roaHHaBa ro ma a, aoroanHa Ke aoem th, co 
pep, cenoTO KyKHTe, ne.no ceno en 3Hae, en ro 3Hae. 

Cnupo MapKy, c. BopMui^a, 05.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



OaTHMe Tpyaa: Ha aBaHaficeT ceaMH e neTpoBaeH. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: LU,o npaBnre Ha neTpoBaeH? 

O. E He npa3HHK, He ro 3HaM a KaKO ro HMane npa3HHK0, KaKO... Ha pbsl rym, Hnn- 



' 606 

234 



rfleH, HjiHr^eH e Hacpe/i jictoto, ntpBO e TiopreBfleH, noone e neTpoB/jeH - Ha 

ABaHaficeT kophk, nocne no neTpoB/jeH e Hjinr^eH Ha jjpa rym, noone Ha /nmficeT 

h ocyM rym e Boponna, ce icycjjH 3a CTOKaBa p,o Ha neTpoB/jeH MJieico noBeKbe, flo 

Ha IleTpoBfleH nyraaeT nnejinBe, ce aejiax (...) nocne p,o HjiHK/jeH j\a 36epnra 6y- 

jibMeTOT 398 ot OBnnTe, mo 3eMajiH OBnn, KecnMice. ,3,0 HjinK^eH B3eMajin OBne Ha 

Mepa, j\a me/jaMe, ot CTapnre, B3eMann ot 03flOJie ot BaicacaBa j\a rn nacaT omo. 

,3,0 Ha jjpa rym; p,a co6epe 6yjibMeTOT. 

B. T. IU,o 3Hann 6ynbMeT? 

O. E Mac n cnpeHbe. MjibeKOTO 3a 3a ca njiaraT hobckot, mo My /jaBaiu OBnnBe. 

noone OTTyexa ot Ha HjinicaeH p,o Ha Boponna j\a 6epnT 3a Hero. (...) Hne ro Bnica- 

Me 6yjibMeT, Mac, cnpeHbe, hko cnpeHbe, KanKaBan, CBe, ,na ce 6epnT ro Tora, n ot 

Tora BeKbe Kycnr OBnnTe MJieico. Kpan, icpafi, HeMa Bene noBene. 

B. T. IU,o e Hjinr^eH, mo 3Hann? KaicoB /jeH e? 

O. r. Ce co6npar 6yjirapnBe Ha cbcth Hnna bo THHeBen, cono, Ha Cbcth Hjihs 

ce co6npaT TaMO co opKeerpH, co CBe. To npanre Bne cbcth Hjihs? Ha /nm rym e 

cbcth Hjina, HMa ntpicoB bo /me cona no Hac, HMa ntpicoB, ce 6epeT niopji... 

B. T. AMa Kaypn? 

O. r. H Typnn, h Mne ch onMe, h TaMO npaaT Ka (jjecTa. Ka Ha TioprcoB/ieH Hne, 

TaKa ce npan bo OBa cono. 

0amuMe Tpyda, c, Cmedneeo, 22.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 

# # # 

2.2.2 H MyaiujnaHu, u Kpucmuxmi, saedno odeejne... 

Becejnca ToHneBa: Bacnnnna He e jih xpncTnaHCKH? 

KaMHJia Hayiun: AMa Hne npaeBMe. Ha KaypnTe, aMa Hne npaeBMe h Bacmmna, 

JleTHHK, BafipaM, TiopreBfleH. 

B. T. A Ha Kaypnre npa3HHHHTe rn 3HaeTe? 

K. x i. Th 3HaeM. Bo/jnne, KaKBH 6exa, HjiHr^eH, BejiHR^eH, no. 

B. T. A Ha TiopreBfleH KaKBO npaBexTe? Ha BaKycj)? 

K. *L Ha TiopreBfleH o/jeBMe Ha BaicycjjTa, co nnanKn 399 ot cenoTO, Cre6.neB0, ora- 

pn nuaHKH, mo ca o6jiaicaHH, o/jeBMe neeBMe Ha BaicycjjTa, o/jeBMe orpa/jbeTO Ha 

jiHBaflbeTO, peaeBMe e/mo... He 3HaM KaK ce ica3Ba, e/mo ^peBO co HBeTHHa, bo 

orpa/jara, j\a HMaT 6epHiceT, MJibory. KtpmeBMe e/mo ^peBO h My pe/jeBMe hbcth- 

hh h ro pe/jeBMe bo orpa/jara (...) OaeBMe Kan BaKycj), oflefi nefi noTeM, no naTOT, 

ca/je nefi. 

B. T. CaMO MOMH XOflflT? 

K. x i. CaMO )KeHH, He mo>kh. CaMO >kchh. 

KxMwia Hayiuu, p. 1950 z. e c. Cme6neeo, o6p. cpedno cnetfuajino, padomwia 
e demcKa zpaduna, 6w(pem, nacmno, om 1998 z. otcueee e Tupana; zp. Tupana, 
30.03.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 



398 MJiHKo, Macno, ciipeHe 

ZipeXH, HOCHfl 



235 



KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: Ha rropreB/jeH TaM rope e BaKO(}), flOJiy y hhckoto jih 
6erae opoTO? 

PacjjMHe ABfliiy: Kae e neuiMaHa, noMHHBam MajiKe, OHa na/jHHa e paBHa, Tyfi, Ke 
hh (JjaTerae caaTOT /jeceT eTO Tyfie, neera h CKaicaeiii h nocne H/jefi nefi, H/jefi nefi 
flo flOMa. )KeHe, >KeHe, ca/je >KeHe, Ma>Ke He, cera o/jar Ma>Ke, cera BH/jaM MaacH h 
MeHe mh n/je ny/jo, 3amo He CMe oaejin (cMax), HHe CBe co >KeHe. Cera Ke nofiaeiu 
OHfle, hhih He ce pa36npa, hh necMa HMa, nocne cera ce MeHaT bckob, He caxaeT 
necMH, He caicaeT... MJiajjHTe, Kamo ca npanne caicaeT... HHe CMe >khbhjih HHaKO, 
Bne cera HHaKO. ..(•••) Cto hi>th no-apHO, 3Haerae hobck p,a Hanpan Kecj) Ha (jjecTa. 
BecenKa ToHneBa: Ka3Bam necHH Ha JIcthhk, Ha TiopreBaeH, TOJiKOBa mhoto nec- 
hh, KaacH e^Ha necMa! 

P. A. He mh TeKBa, th Bejia, mo... CroHHHna, raa a neaT. CroHHHHa 6pe MJia^a He- 
BecTa, necMa e... HeKofi Jiacp... HaKafi He mh TeKBa, HeMa 3a nea, He. (cMax) noene 
CMe najiH HHe, Mopn... (...) ,H,hcko caxar cera, He caxaT necMH. J\& My pennm Ha 
MJia^H - afi/je /ja th Ka^KaM e/pia necMa, p,a a H3neera, He caicaeT. Th caicaiH, a Ty th 
a th Bena, He naMTa. ro/niHH ce. ne/jeceT ro/jHHH... Ke rn 3aneeB OHa, Kaae pa6o- 
TeB, HMaBMe TaMO ot cejio 3ae/jHO Bpa6oTa hhch KHHHcaB Heica necMa, ce CMee- 
BMe - e, H36era... My 3arHHa Ha Hapo/jOT (jjecTara, pa My 3arHHHiu (jjecTaTa, e^eH 
fleH Kax, noeKe ce npaeme y6aBHHaTa, ko npaeBMe (})ecTH, qerapn pirn BafipaM, 
bo rpa/niHa He BJiaraxMe pa pa6oTaMe, 6eme (jjecTa, He yMpeBMe 3a apeiie, cera 
hh BafipaM, hh TiopreBfleH, hh hhiho... (...) Kora o/jeBMe Ha TiopreBfleH, HaTpeBa 
BeneBMe HHe, HaTpeBa ro BHKaBMe TiopreHfleH. (...) HaTpeBa, ro Bejiea CTapnTe, 
HaTpeBa, oaeBMe Ha riopreB/jeH, HHe oaeBMe HeorpeaHO cohhc pa ch H3MHeMe Ha 
BO^aHa, ro HMaBMe HHe, MJia^e HeBecTe, MyMHHKH - Tea Ke opea, HayTpo TaMO Ke 
ce H3MHeBMe h ot TaMO, op OB^e po tslmo - co necMe, ot TaMO po poMa - co CKa- 
KaHbe, co necMe H^eBMe aoMa, npeBMe /joiwa /nmHaece caaTOT, pa pynaMe npeBMe 
co necMeTe, necMeTe HameHCKH. (...) CTapnTe goMa ce 6ea, MJia/niTe opea TaMO, 
TiopreBfleH. Cera o/jar MOHarre, ch Bnpena TaMO, ch 6njia Ha rioprcoB/jeH? (...) 
Mo>KHTe opea Bpa6oTa, HHe opwM, HHe MJia^HTe. )KeHHTe ro npaBea, He npaBea 
MoacH TiopreBfleH OB^eKa, acemiTe, HHe Bec/jeH (jjecTa HMaBMe OBpeKa, npaeBMe 
pa6oTa. 

B. T. A KaKBH - H MyCJIHMaHH...? 

P. A. H Kaypn, 3aepno, cbhtc neee necMe, 3ae/nro o/jeBMe, 3aepuo H/jeBMe. (...) 

K. P. ,H,o6pe pe, KaTO wpexje TaM HaTpeBa, H3MHeni ce, a Hemo OTKtCHera jih ch 

3ejieHO jiHCTne, TaM HMa epwH rojieM 6yK? 

P. A. HoceBMe TaMy HBeKiojie. 

K. P. AMa OTKtfle rn hochhi HBeTaTa? 

P. A. H,BeTHHa ch 3eMaxMBe H3 nusapeHO h th HoceBMe Kafi BO/jaHa, Kofi caKarae 

jieOne Tporaarae, Kofi Hemo njiaHKyiibe 3eMaiue ot poMa 3a 3ppaBbe, TporaaeT TaMy, 

3aiHO 6enie. (...) 3eMaxMe Bopa, noHHaBMe pa HMaBMe HeKoa HeBecTa jieyHKa 400 , 



' po^HUKa #0 40 pen 

236 



jjtfcarypne Majio, mo He Moerae /ja n/je, hiu Ke h /jOHeceBMe Majio BO/jraia, HeMaM 

MepaK, ot flpyro He - He HoceBMe. 

B. T. ,H,o kojiko e jieyHKa? 

P. A. HeTpaece /jhh. 

K. P. A TaM /jena H/jexa jih hjih caMO ^kchckh? 

P. A. HaTpeBa? Ca/je >kchckh, HeManie Ma^KKO. MaacH o/jea Bpa6oTa, HeMa OB/je. 

B. T. A arae Kora ce kojih h ce a/je? 

P. A. 3a Benepa ko npaHM, ko H/je McranTe, p,a H/jeT pyneK, y ceicoH ch HManie cbh- 

Te jiioflH 30Ma, ch ro npaeme 3a pyneK, to iho He rn HMaiue JiK>raTTe, ro npaerae 

3a Benep. Hne ko ce BpaTeBMe, hh npaea CTapHHHTe 6ypeic, Ma3HHK, Ka ro BHKaTe 

Bne, CTapHHHTe hh roTBea pyneK. (...) CrapHHH He o^ea, CTapnue He, HeBeere p,a 

BH^em HaMecTeHH TaMy (...) 

P. A. JleTHHK, ro npanre Bne? 

B. T. He, mo e JleTHHK, Kami! 

P. A. Ha hhh Mapc, a jia TypKa, Ha eaeH Mapc Eji6acaH a npan Taa (jjecTa Hafi-no- 

HKbe, aMa Hne ro npaexMe, TyeKa OB/je, neeBMe MyMnracH, ce co6epeBMe HeBecTe, 

3eKa Ke co6epeBMe, Kbe ch neeBMe, Ke ch CBHpeBMe, flpyra pa6oTa He npaeBMe. 

K. P. A Bpt3BaxTe jih TaKHBa, 6ejio h nepBeHO? 

P. A. no, no, pe/jea ntpBeHO, OHe /ipeHHHe, KaK hm BHKaTe Bne? 

B. T. Apen, JipeH... 

P. A. H^eBMe ot KOKJinHa nBeTyjiHHe, #)KarypHHa Ke nonpaiuaBMe KaK niraejio Ha 

JleTHHK, (jjecTa e, Ka (jjeera a npan Eji6acaH. 

B. T. 3arao Eji6acaH h Bne CTe ro 3Haejin TyKa? 

P. A. na Hne ro npaeBMe, Eji6acaH a npaerae rojieMa (jjecTa, Ka Mne noraieMe ot 

TiopnoBfleH, TaMO He npaea riopnoB/jeH, OB/je Hne ro npaeBMe, oraie KjieHbe, 

ppyro MecTO ro npan, npan (jjecTa Ha TiopnoBfleH, Eji6acaH He a npaerae. (...) 

B. T. A TOBa KaK ce BHKa (noconBaM MapTeHHna - 6eji. B. T.)? 

P. A. KoHnn, KOHHHHa, kbh BHKaa, He 3HaM, cbm 3a6panjia, a HMa mhoto roraiHH... 

rn Btp3Baa Ha JleTHHK, Ha eaeH Mapc rn Bop3Baa OB/je n /jpeHHHa KOCBeBMe 401 , 

fl>KarypnHa hh Bejiea CTapnnHTe, 3arao 6erae. 

B. T. A a/jexTe jih Herao Ha JIcthhk? 

P. A. no, KaKO j\a He, pyneK npaBeBMe TaMaH, npaeBMe. (...) HMaBMe >Keji6a 402 j\a 

flonfleMe 3a (jjecTa, He ocTaBax a j\a He jron/jaM 3a TiopreBfleH... Ot .Hypyc Hflex. 

Kofi Te ocTaBarae j\a ohui Ha BaKO(}) Ha toh jieH, He flpyrn /jeHOBe He ocTaBaa Ha 

BaKO(j). Hanpefl BaKOc}) hh e 6HfleH0 co flpeBH tojicmh KaKO opeco, ce HMa OH/je 

ApeBH, He Oflerae hobck p,a hoch e/pio Tpecne n OH/je Ha BaKO(j), He o/jeine hobck, 

j\a ch 6e3 AtpBa, (j)ape, p,a HeMara p,a ce orpnin, TaM He o/jeBMe p,a 3eMaMe. J\,otip,e 

KonpaTHBaTa, ora/ie... He e y6aB0, BaKO(j) e co HMe, TpoTeHO, Ke TporaaMe, OH/je e 

BaKO(j) ce BHKa, Ha BaKO(}). Ha MeHe mh ce ny/inr yMO, rao KHHHca KonpaTHBO... 

Pa(pMue (Paxdue) Aeduy, c. Cmedneeo, 20.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 



237 



Cy3aHa By3H0Ba: TaMO ce mhct, nrpar... HaTpeBa 

BafipaM By3HOB: O/jeB Ha Baxycj). Ilocjie „Ha noTKa" Bcnea, „Ha noTKa", ot flpeH. 
C. B. J\& e aKO Kaxo flpeH. 3eMBeT h My /jaBar goMa caMO jya. rtJiTar, ot ppen, p,a ch 
aKO Kaxo flpeH, Ha TiopriOBfleH. 

B. B. KyicypHH, e/jHa TpeBa, 6tp30 pacTHT, KyKypHH, Hemo th npan... Kaico 3bohch. 
Tne pacTeT h bo CHeroBe.... 

C. B. H th npaHT Hemo Kaxo MJibeKO Ha poneHe. 

B. B. IltpBHOT fleH HaTpeBa... (...) CTOKaTa 3a cnenejiHT Mac noBeKbe ot Taa TpeBa. 
Oaea }KeHHTe ot Kan BaKycj), bo ntpKOB, Cejinme ce BHica TaMO mcctoto Haiue. H 
Tne Oflea HanoTKa, 3a TpeBa o/jea Ha e/nro mccto ppyro, MJibeico ro BHKaMe. Mne- 
KapHHa Taa TpeBa, mo nyma MJibeKO, Kora (jjainain npaHT MJibeKO Taa. (...) 

C. B. Ha TiopreBfleH bcust - h^ct MJibeKOHO, ce 3ejieHH mcctoho, MJibeKOHO... 

B. B. Ha mec Man ce npaHT TiopreBfleH, Ha neT Man, e/jeH /jeH Hanpe/i ce o/jeme 
HaTpeBa. Ha TpeBa 3a CTOKara, 3a OBnnre, 3a CTOKaTa... 

C. B. MecHin norana, My /jaBam 6jiaro. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, p. 1931 z. e Kjieme, o6p. ochorho, padomwi e KynmypnuH doM e 
Kneme; Cysana Eysuoea, p. 1967 z. e Cmedneeo, o6p, cpedno, ojwbOKena e Kjieme, 
om 1990 z. OKueee e /Jhpyc (flpan); zp, M^pyc (flpan), 03.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonne- 
ea 



Becejnca ToHneBa: Bacnjinna e xpncTnaHCKO? 

CaaeTe nnpyuiH: J\&, a npaeBMe h Mne, npaeBMe norana, Ha Bacmmna npaeBMe 

norana co JieK, co napnnKa n ro (})OJiaBMe Ha e/jHO mccto, Ka ro H3neneBMe h Manica 

hh Ka hh ro /jejieiue, KOJibKy 6eBMe b Kbinn, KOJibicy /j)KarypHHa, CBe, CBaTa (jjaMH- 

jina KOJibKy 6erae, Ka ro /jejieme jie6oT n KOMy mo Ka My na/jHeme, Ka ce 3aBtpTe- 

me OKe Ha3a/j n Taa Ka pene - OBe napne hhbo e? A6hjihho, OBe e HnbBeTKHHO, OBe 

e HcMeTHHO, OBe e 3aHMOBO n KOMy mo My naflHeuie jickot - 0000, HMar khcmct 

roflHHa! (cMax) 

Xa/pKH nnpyiun: Co nopcTeHOT ro npaBe BaKe TaKe. 

C. n. Ce npaBH, norana BHKaMe. 

B. T. KaKOB m>pcTeH? 

C. n. nopcTeH co KaMeHHHHa. 

X. n. ntpcTeH Koa ce MaacnT n Tne ro npaBHT Ha Jie6. E Te npanMe Ha Bacminna. 
(...) 

B. T. Xo^exTe Ha TpeBa? Th ch xo/jHJia Ha TpeBa? 

C. n. KaKO fla He, Koa 6eB MaeHKa, Ha TiopreBfleH, paHO, Ka hh KpeHeuie Mainca mh 
- koh Ka H3Jie3HT no-Hanpe/i n npaeBMe co Maajin, Koa Maana Ka H3Jie3HT m>pBa, 3a 
3a nenT, ce 6epeBMe Ha e/jHO ryMHO, CBeTe o6jieneHH - HeBecTe, MyMHHKe, o6jie- 
neHe bo pyBa, nen necMe, Hrpan, /jpeHon 3eMaBMe, 3a noTHeHbe goMa n noTHeBMe 
KyKaTa. 



238 



B. T. IU,o 3HanH noTHeHbe? 

C. II. Ka 3eMam ot TaMO KyxypiiH co CBe KopeHe, KyKypnn, th 3HaHiu KaKBH ca 
KyKypijH? U,BeKa 3ejieHH, npojieTHO, ceBTe H3JiaraeT Tna, ceBTe, KyxypiiH, h 3eMaB- 
Me Tea h KopraeBMe /jpeHon pa3HyTeHH 403 , Toram nyTeT 404 , Ka th 3eMaBMe h Ka th 
pe/jeBMe bo hthhot 405 , okojio nrHHOT. 

B. T. 3amo? 

C. II. 3a fla HMaT CBe JibeTO, /ja HMaT MJibeKO, 3a HMaT Mac, cnpeHbe (cmax), KyKa- 
Ta - Ha BpaTaTa Ha^BopHa Ka KJiaeBMe ot nyTonre, ot KyicypHHTe, ot flpeHonre, 
CBHTe, ks th KJiaeBMe Ha KyKATa h co BomeH, 3hohih th BomeH, Bomen e ohh, iho 
H3JiaraT ot Me/jOH, Kora ro thihhhih, h ejjHO, mo ce Jiennr (ma/m--- H noTHeBMe 
KyicHTa, TOJibKy 3eMaBMe ot BomeHa h ka ro 3anoTHeme Ha KyicaTa, p,a HMaT y6aHHa 
CBe JibeTO. Ha /j>KarypHHaTa My pe/jeBMe OKe Ha nexjiiinHTe 406 no eHO Ha cbcko, 
TyKy cbckoh ^>Karype no eHa neTJinna ce TypHeuie, jja ro 3ajienHin h noTHeBMe 
OKe. CyM 6njia Maenica. Ce HMa mhoto, mo cyM 3a6opaBHJia, aK He >khbhih co... bo 

Tea MeCTO, CO THe JHO/Hi, IHO HMeT eHH 3aKOHH... (...) 

C. II. Ha JleTHHK Ka rn 6eperae, JIcthhk e Ha nerapHHaeceT Mapc, Bne ro npaBnre 
Ha nT>pBH Mapc. 

B. T. H mo ce npaBH Ha JIcthhk? 

C. n. Hne Ha JIcthhk hh npaeme... a cyM 3a6opaHJia Ka hm BHKaBMe... 

B. T. MoHaK. 

C. n. MapTeHHna BHKaTe Bne. H Ka hh pe/jeme ManKa hh Ha ptneTe h Ha Benep 
cnpoTH JleTHHK, Ha Benep, Ka hh ^ejierae hccto, Ha cbckoh hobck /jejienie nee. 
Hce e jieuiHHHH, opecn, cmokhhh, a6ynKa, CBe mo mo HMame 3a a/jeHbe h Ka ro 
aejieme Ha cbhtc e^HO, Ha cbckoh e/mo. Hne 6eBMe fl)KarypHHa MaeHKn h e/man 
naKaBMe 3a aonr, Hne aaeBMe CBeKora, TyKy toh aeH 6eme KaKO HHiuaH n hh 6eme 
KaKO nyflo, KaKO (JoecTa. 

Xadotcu riupymu, p. 1949 z. e Cmedjieeo, o6p. eucme, padomwi e Memajiypzunen 
KOMdunam e Endacan, om 1997 z. zicueee e Tupana, npedcedamen na dpy^cecmeo 
„llpocnepumem Toiio E-bpdo"; Cademe Tlupyiuu; zp, Ccxpun, 10.06.2008, san. B. 
Tonneea 



2.2.3 (Decmume MycjiuMaucKu... 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: A KaK ca EanpaMnre, ca /nm BanpaMa? 

PacjjMne AB^ny: ,H,Ba, chhot 6erae nerapn ahh, chhot 6eme Tpn mni. Mann Ean- 

paM, TojieM BanpaM. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: 3HanH BHKaiu Ha JIcthhk h xpncTHaHH, n MOxaMeaaHn, 

3aeflHO? Ha IropreB/ieH 3ae/mo? Ha HeBpy3? 



403 pa3L[i>(J)Haj]H 

404 L[Tj(J)TH 



405 



ci>a 3a 6neHe Ha Maano 



406 HJlHUHTe 



239 



P. A. He, ca/je MycjiHMaHe. H EafipaMnre MycjinM. (...) MeceBMe Hiie 3a BafipaM, 

hm npaBeBMe ajiBa h pe/jeBMe Ha KonannHa h HOceBMe Ha KpHCTnaHe, h Tna axo 

Mecea - hh Hocea, HHBHaTa (JjecTa h THe hh Hocea, o/jeBMe, H/jeBMe... 

B. T. 5i Ka^KH cera 3a KOJiannHaTa? KaK ce npaBaT? 

P. A. JIe6, ro Mecnni jie6oH, ice, ice yMecHui KOJiane, Jie6ne, icaico Majio JieGne, Ma- 

jieHKO. 

K. P. A mapica OTrope Hemo HMa jih? 

P. A. He, He, raa/nco, My pe/jeBMe ajiBa. 

B. T. A ajiBara KaK ce npaBH? 

P. A. nenn 6pauiHO, co Mac Ke a H3nenein 6pauiHO, raeKep h Boaa nocjie, Ke a 

H3Baperae, ica ce Hanpan, h 6ejia He e, h ntpm He e, /ja a H3neneiH co Mepa, ntp- 

BeHa. 

B. T. A opecH? 

P. A. J\& caKani, HManie, Ka Ke a caKaiu. AjiBa ce BHKa. Ty npaBar OB/je h kphcth- 

aHH, Mac, 6pauiHOHO, nenn ro KpoTHe Ha orHOH, KpoTHe, KpoTHe, ica ce H3nenHT h 

Ke My (Jjojihhi BO^aHa, ica a H3MeraaiH, raeKep, Ke Hanparan... (...) JIcthhk h e^Ha 

(jjecTa flpyra jjBaHaece /jhh no JIcthhk a npaeBMe - HeBpy3 a BHKaa, Taa e ca^e 

MycjiHMaHHTe a npaaT, raie Ha aBaHafice /jhh CMe a npaBHJin no JIcthhk. Ha jxb&- 

Haece Mapc npaeBMe HeBpy3, Ha e^eH Mapc npaeBMe JIcthhk. 

B. T. Ha HeBpy3 rao ce npaBH? 

P. A. OecTa, neeBMe, nrpaBMe, Mne MJia/je, He mokh. 

K. P. Kt/je ro npaBexTe TOBa? 

P. A. Mne OB/je, b ce.no, ce c6epeBMe CBeTe, b HeKoe mccto, b hcko na/jHHHe, Ke 

HrpaBMe, Ke neeBMe, (jjecTa HMarae. 

K. P. Ha HeBpy3 n^exa caMO hcbccth hjih en TaKHBa fl^KarypnHa MaHeHKH? 

P. A. H OBe H^ea /j^KarypnHaTa, cbctc 

K. P. H TaKHBa 6a6n? 

P. A. CTapnne He H^ea, He. 

K. P. A flena Ma^KKH? 

P. A. He, He, caMO aceHCKH, JIcthhk, HeBpy3, TiopreBfleH - caMO >kchh ro npaea, 

caMO )KeHH. necMe, Becejio, opo, Bec/jeH, necMH, Hrpafi opo BecaeH! 

K. P. OpoTO Ha necMa jih e hjih? 

P. A. Co necMa, He e co CBnpKa, caMO nefi n CKaKafi, caMO, He co TonaH. 

Pa(pMue (Paxdue) Aeduy, c. Cmedneeo, 20.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



CaaeTe nnpyran: Ha BafipaM hhc. ot Tofi /jeH ica ca o6jiaKaBMe co hobh, Ka hh 
KynBeT (jjyeraHH, pa6oTe MainceTe, Tora 6erae... Ka 3a th Ka>Ka. H cyKaBMe, ko- 
jieBMe artHna 3a Meco, cyKaBMe 6aKJiaBara, a HMaBMe Ha KaTa BafipaM, cyKaBMe 
6aKJiaBa. H ica ce 6epeBMe nocjie p,e Kafi chhot, p,e Kafi flpyrnox PyneKOT ro a/jaB- 
Me caMH, CBeKofi caMH /jOMa n nocjie Ka o/jeBMe, ce 6epeBMe Kafi chhot, Kafi flpy- 



240 



thot, Ka ofleBMe Kafi cbhot cjjhc 407 , CBaTa Maajia Ka npaeBMe BH3Hre, ks o/jeBMe, ks 

H/nie, Ka ce Meraae jhoahtc HMame eiia jiHHHOTHa. 

BecejiKa TomieBa: A HMame My3i«ca Ha BafipaM? 

C. II. HeMame My3HKa, cbckoh goMa, Kora p,a ce Gepniu no... HeMame Tora, HeMa- 

nie. Y6aBO. 

B. T. A bh HflBaxa KpHcraaHH Ha BafipaM? 

C. II. J\a, aa, mie (jjecTHTe KpHcraaHCKe h MycmiMaHCKe, o/jeBMe e/jeH Kafi apyr, 
Kora HMaeT THe BejrHK/jeH, Kora ce BanuBaeT afiije, pa6oTe, Ka hh Hocea, Ka hh 
flaBae, h Mne Kora HMaBMe BafipaMOT... caMO Hame, JIcthhk ro npan h THe, HeBpy3 
ro npaea... 

B. T. HeBpy3 ro npaBexa h xpHcraaHHTe? 

C. II. J\&, H KpHCTHaHH, H MIOCJIHMaHH. 

B. T. A mo ce npaBH Ha HeBpy3? 

C. II. Ha HeBpy3 npaHMe KOMaT co... 3a6opaBaM, Ha HeBpy3 npaHMe co MHory 
3ejieHHyHH BHaTpa, co KonpHBe, co Kncejinna, co KOMnnpe, nepa ot kpomh/j, KaKO 
hm BHKaMe OHe 3ejieHHyiiHBe... H npaHMe co 3ejibe. TaKBH pa6oTH. 

B. T. A HeBpy3 He e jih MycuHMaHCKO? 

C. II. MycjiHMaH, ot 6eKTaimm, h MycmiMaH HMa Ha jxrq... ce n 6eKTaniHH, He- 
Bpy3 e ot 6eKTauiHHHTe, ro npanMe h Mne, MycmiMaHH mo cmc H Tne ce Mycjra- 
MaHH, TyKy... KaK ce Ka^KBe, flpyra, flpyra ..., 6eKTamHH. 

B. T. A Bne CTe 6hjih 6eKrauiHH? 

C. II. He, He. To npaHMe. 

B. T. A Hemo flpyro, ocbch KOMaT? 

C. n. He, He, 3a HeBpy3 ch e KOMaT. Monm 3a npanm n flpyrn pa6oTH, TyKy KaKO 
HHinaH 3a Taa (jjecTa fie KOMaT. 

Cademe Tlupyuiu, zp. Cocpun, 10.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



2.2.4 CKpumoM, CKpumoM npaeejvie... 

PacjjMne AaB/nry: 3amo myTH, a aKO cyM H36erajia ot OB/je, Hne TyKy nine no-Ha- 
npefl, roflHHH no-Hanpe^ hh H3flyKBee (JoecTHre, TiopreBfleH #a He ce npan, Bafi- 
paM 3a He ce npan, JIcthhk, HeBpy3, Ka rn BHKaMe, OBe kphcthhhhbc mo npaBaT 
- BoflHHH, eflHO-flpyro, j\& He ce npaBH, He hh ocTaBaa. Hne, MyMHHKH MJia^e, Ke 
OfleBMe co 3op, cnnee no KyKHHe j\& hh Bap^ar j\& He noHMe, HOKa, Hne MJia/je Ke 
CTaHeBMe, THe cnneme, Ke 3aneeBMe Ha TyM6aHa rope, Kora Ke nye - 60 60 H3- 
6erajie! ToflKHH TaKa h ro tpothbmc H BHKaa aeHara Ha jiOKajiHre 408 , o/jea 6paTa 
moh - cecTpa TBoa ro npaHT OBHe, mo oj\qt TaM! BpaT mh Ha jiOKajinre ro BHKaa. 
B. T. JIoKajiHTe mo e? 

P. A. CejiOTO mo HMaT e/jHH, KOMHTa h BHKaTe Bne, ro BmcaeT TaMy - 3amo MyMHH- 
KaTa cecTpa TBoa o/htt? BpaT mh He 3Haeme. Ba6o Mofi ceKora bo TnpaH pa6oTa 



407 poA 



1 o6mHHa 

241 



TaMO Ha nenrpajie h Bcneine - HeMa mo j\a npaa, Taa, ch e 6a6o He OB/je, ch yHT, 

a cyM 6paT, Taa yHT, /me ro/nniH co 3op o/jeBMe, h BeKe ro TpoTHBMe h BeKe ce 

3a6opaBH CBe. 

B. T. He bh jih 6erae CTpax? 

P. A. He, Hne o/jeBMe He e/pia h /me, ce 36opBaBMe Ha/j cto! )KeHH, cbcto ceno, 

Tyicy ce 6epeBMe MJiory, HeMaBMe erpaB, ac Ha Te6e Ke th pena... KHHHCBaBMe, p,a 

He hh 3Hae hobck h BeKe ica ce 36epeBMe cbhtc, HeMaBMe CTpaB hh... 

B. T. HanH 6eme 3a6paHeTO, Bne 3HaeTe, ne He MO>Ke /ja ce o/m? 

P. A. Hne 6eBMe co 3op, KeBepna 409 CTaBame, KeBepna Kaxo BHKare Bne, napTHa, 

ntpBHTe ot KeBepna CTaBaa (...) ... ro cxycna CBe, a ome e/ma ro/niHa ce/jox h ch 

H36erax BeKe... 

Pa(pMue (Paxdue) Aeduy, c. Cmedneeo, 20.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



Becejnca ToHneBa: A Koraro EHBep Xo/i>Ka e 3a6paHHJi pejinrHHTe, Bne ere ch npa- 

BHJIH TC3H npa3HHIJH? 

Ca/jeTe nnpyniH: Hne CKpnuiOM, /ja He hh 3hoht. 

B. T. B CreGjieBO koh me bh 3Hae KaTO CTe TOJiKOBa /janeKO? 

C. n. Ce 3Hoeiue, cbhtc 3Hoea, HManie KOMyHHCTH, ... napTHa HMame cbhtc, HMa- 
nie mo th ica>KBee h obhc, mo HMa Jiwjxa, mo HMa b napTHa, co pa6oTa b KeBepna, 
MHoro h OHaKBe, /ja bh^hmc mo Ka npaHT, Ka ma npanr, a Mne CKpnuiOM. H Pa- 
Ma3aH Kora nocTeT e/jeH MeceH b ro/jHHara - ckphihom, MafiicHTe Haran ckphhiom 
nocTHa, fla He th 3hoht hhkoh, He H/jeT py Ha qerapn caaTa npe/i ca6ajie /jo Ha 
neT caaTa HaBenep... 

B. T. Hh ce a/je, hh ce nne Boaa. 

C. n. Hh HHmo, aMa th Bap/ma, koh nocTHT, koh... npoBOKOBHe, 3amo Te oth/kw 
b KonepaTHBa pa6oTae, HeManie npHBaTCKH 410 , cbhtc 6ea, ro npoBOKOBHe >KeHHTe 
- HanHH ce Majio BO/ja, cjjojih obc. /ja bh/jh pan nocTeT an He. 

B. T. A KpncTHaHHTe nocTexa hcto? 

C. n. Tne nocTeT, TyKy He nocTeT KaKO Hac kphcthhhhbc, THe H/jeT, He H/jeT ca/ie 
caMO Meco. 

B. T. Tne He a/jeT HHmo >khbothhcko, hh aime, hh Mac, hh MJiaKO... 

C. n. flpyro e, 3HaM, Kan Hac nocTea, h THa nocTea, ca/je He KaKO Hac. Mne CMe 
opene MHoro, HameHO ceno bo Cre6.neBO HeManie peneime - MycjiHMaHH h..., cbh- 
tc ce pa/mefie, Kora poiipeuie (jjecTa, /ma hi>th (JjecTa - h hhbhhtc, h HauiHTe. 
Berae y6aBO. 

Cademe Tlupyuiu, zp. Cocpim, 10.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



409 napTHa 



242 



2.3 CeMeima oGpeaHocT 
2.3.1 Koza podee... 

Mar/jajieHa CTaMeHOBa: Kora e/jHa >KeHa e 6peMeHHa, KaK M BiiicaTe? 

XaMH^a ^>khhh: Te>KKa. 

M. C. KaKBO He Tpe6Ba p,a npaBii (/ja He pa6oTH) 6peMeHHaTa, TOKKaTa >KeHa? 

X. JJjk. ... to He pa6oTaeT, ko ce (})aTe BeKe... 5i cyM pa6oTana h Tpy/jHa Ha p,ma- 

rypHHbaTa... 30 Bocyivrre MeceHH, ceaex, pa6oTax. Ka bjihtox b aeBeTH Bene - He 

Mora, ocTaHacj) h ce po/ui... 

M. C. Ot KpaBara jih mjicko 3HMaTe, hjih ot K03ara? 

X. JJjk. He, ot icpaBa, Ke My /jaem... ice 3anjiaqe. Ilocjie ne pa6oTaiu, ne a Hanpaniu 

pa6oTaTa.... Ke floeiu... 

M. C. Kora e Teraca e/jHa >KeHa, Kt^e He Tpa6Ba p,a xo/jh, Kbp,e He MO>Ke /ja xo/jh? 

X. JIm. CBe... 30 ocyMTe MeceHH h nocne Tporaa.... 

M. C. H3JiH3ara jih KaTO 3afifle cjitHHeTO? 

X. J\m. H flOMa cyM.... etc CBeicopBa mh... (...) 

M. C. Kpnera jih ne ch Tpy/pia, Kora 3a(j)arHiH? Tanui jih ce? 

X. JJjk. Ckphihho o/ja a, He My Ka3BaM... He 3HaaT THe com Tpy/jHa.... ko Kbe 3apac- 

Tenie ^^KarypeTO Ha ce^yM, Ha raecTTe MeceHH ... cyM Tpy/jHa... 

M. C. Kora e/jHa mqhsl e TOKKa, py6aTa KaKBa e? Pa3JiHHHa jih e? 

X. ,3,3k. AHTepae, aHrepiie ot 6paBHHbe... 

M. C. AMa cbmara jih e KaTO npe/nnuHara? 

X. ,3,3k. ... co noac ne ce ..CTerHacj)... a He ce no3HHacj) ... p,o Ha ceayMTe... 

M. C. A MO>Ke jih fla ce khhh? 3 a hoch HaKHTH? 

X. JX^k. A h MO>Ke, CBe th Hocexa. 

M. C. A HMa jih HaKOH npa3HHK, .zjeTO Te>KKa >KeHa He M03Ke /ja xo/jh Ha TaKbB 

npa3HHK? 

X. JX^k. 5i cyM oflejia... 

M. C. Kora HaKOH yMpe, xo/jh jih TOKKa 3KeHa p,a xo/jh Ha norpeGemie, Kora ro 

norpe6BaT, Kora ro 3aKonBaT? 

X. JX^k. 3aKonBaT? Ako e TOKKa 3KeHa, He o/ni...He.... (...) 

M. C. Kora Ha6jiH3KaBa BpeMe /ja po/nim, koh ntpBH HaynaBa? 

X. JX^k. He to, CBeKopBa mh... CBe cyM po/jHJia OB/je... momhhc. cyM ro po/nnia co 

HOTOpBaTa. 

M. C. AMa, OB/je (b Kbmara)? 

X. J\m. OB^e, flOMa, goMa.. a He cyM co cnHrajibe 411 ... flOKTopn He-e... a cyM 

poflHJia caMa h KorH....Me y3HHae Ha niecT MeceHH, Ha ce^yM MeceHH... 

M. C. 3° K0ra cnnni 3ae/jHO Cbc MT>3Ka, Kora ch TOKKa? 

X. JX^k. ...He. ..He npancj) h a ... h toh He npan... 

M. C. A koh th noMara Karo ce pa3K/ja? CBeKopBa th? 

X. JX^k. CBeKopBa MH... 

M. C. A 6a6a He BHKaTe jih, aicymepKa cera h BHKaT? 



6ojiHHi;a 

243 



X. ,3,3k. He ... HOTopBa mh (...) 

M. C. A Kt^e papain? Tyxa, y KyKba, hjih HeKb/je /jpyra/je? 

X. flac. B KyKbaTa.... ^pyrHTe ca b KyKbaTa.... Taa HOTopBa mh cnnerae ... jierHara 

6erae bo... KyKbH, h a qyKHai}) ... Ha BpaTaTa ...h Taa CTaHa: „Kaa caKam?" - pene. 

PeKO(j): „He Mora ..." H Taa co6aTa 6eme 3anajiHJia... Me (})aTH... ob/jc.. h OHa Me 

6ojienie... Horab... cpiie 6ojih - a HHb, cpiie 6ojih - a nib... (...) Kora ch Tpymia, 

caMa ennui. 

M. C. H toh cnn y /jpyrara co6a. 

X. JX^k. TaM. H a... OHaHa My pene: „CTaHH, MaMa, o/hi o/jo /jeKa 6a6o th". H oh 

My TeKHa... (...) 

M. C. A Bap,gaT jih Kora H3Jie3e aeTeTO p,a He na/nie Ha 3eMaTa? 

X. J\yK. CBeKopBa mh ceaenie ko ce po/ni... 3arao OTica ce po/ni mh ce cnHeiue... Ke 

ro y3Mecj), Ke njiaieme, to BHKaT, h Ke ro H3Konerae CBeKopBa mh, hmcto ro pcgar 

Tee, CBeKop mh, CBeKopBa mh. H /jeTeTO mh na/nia, ^^KarypeTO h Ke Me (jjaTeme 

MeHe h Ke Me CTerHeuie, Ke mh jierHeme... (...) 

M. C. A koh Ka3Ba Ha tbohtc MaiiKa h TaTKO ne ch po/nuia? 

X. J\m. Tne My Ka3Bae, o^ea... 

M. C. Koh xo/jh p,a hm Ka>Ke? 

X. JJx. Ke aoenie Mainca mh h 6a6o mh, 6paKba mh, H/jea CBHTe, KaKO He! 

M. C. A Kora 3a npi>B nvr HHHa, koh ccth npn Te6e? 

X. JJx. CBeKopBa mh... 

M. C. A koh np-bB Kbne flCTeTO? 

X. Ji^K. CBeKopBa mh, 6eme y6aBa mhoto h Taa, Kone ro, Taa 3eMe ro. 

M. C. A Ha koh fleH ro cjiarare (hmcto)? Kora ce pomi, hjih MajiKO no-KbCHO? 

X. J\->k. Kora ce pojm, Ha mm /jhhtc My ro KJiaaoHMe hmcto.... noane KJia^OH, 3a- 

KOJiHMe arHe, ce c6pae, CBeKop mh, HMame mop,w moh... 

M. C. A jnojiKara, KaTO cjiarare fleTeTO b jHOJiKara, cjiarare jih Hemo? yKpame- 

Hne? 

X. Ji^K. Pe/jar, pe/jaT, KapaMejib, a cyM 3a6ypaBHJia... (...) Kora poaex He o^ex p,a 

nepa a, He. HoTopBa mh, mm MeceHH h, He o/jex, nocjie h 6erae CTy/jeHO... 3HMe ce 

poaea. (...) 

M. C. )KeHa Kora e pomi.ua HeiHCTa jih e? 3oKora? 

X. /Jac. ^.OKora? E/jhh Meceii, Tpn He,gejiH TaKO...H CTaHC (...) 

M. C. Ha /jeTeTO koh /ja/je hmcto? 

X. ,3,5k. CBeKopBa mh ... aeHaTa...H Tee, HOTopBa mh, aeBepn mh...h MaMa mh pene: 

„HeBecTO, ko Kbe pe/jHTe hmcto...." 

M. C. npaBHTe jih nHTH, noraqn Kora ce po/jH /jeTe? JIe6? 

X. JX^k. JIe6... npaHHMe, npaHHMC. Hflerae CBeKopBa mh, p,a mh Kpemi, He na- 

MeTa HMe My pe/jar h npaar b KyKbH... Ha /jeTcro My TpomaeT 6am KaTO... ie 

npaHT 6aKJiaBH.... h My TpomaeT h TaKO (noKa3Ba Hap, rjiaBaTa ch — 6eji. M. C.) 

M. C. KOMIHHH HflBaT JIH? 

X. JX^k. Komuihc. OBe cboh ot CBeKpa mh... 



244 



M. C. CaMO 6jiH3KHTe, popa? 
X. ,3,3k. Tporaaex..na H^ex.. 

M. C. H >KCHH H Mt>Ke JIH HflBaT, HJIH CaMO 3KCHH? 

X. flac. He, >KeHHTe caMO, aMa MO>Ke, mo e hckoh mhoto cboh, na 6parba mh h op 

Mafiica mh, CBeKopBa mh HeMana.... 5i HeMajia HHiue e/jnH 6paT h yMpen. (...) 

M. C. A th npaBHin jih Ha /jeTera flpexn? 

X. J\ik. Mh pa pepa, KaK! 

M. C. Kora ch TOKKa? 

X. ,3,5k. E, He Taxa. Mainca mh MeHe He e y3Hajia ko cyM jpypua, po^HJia /jeTeHO, a 

ce CTeraecj), He 3Haeiue Taa. Bt>>k He wpeui, Mopn, pene, no-necTO? 5i peKO(}): Kaico 

pa wpa ... ot CBeKop mh ot CBeKopBa mh... 

M. C. 3° K0ra ch ro HHHajia aeTeTO, po kojiko roflHHH? 

X. JX^k. 5i cyM ro HHHana ^eTeTO vopvma h nan. (...) 

M. C. C KaKBO ro 3axpaHBaT /jeTeTO, KaTO ro OT6nem? Co mjicko? 

X. J\JK. CO MJieKO. 

M. C. KpaBe, ot KpaBa? 

X. J\jk. Ot KpaBa, ot KpaBa ... 3amo 6ex ociia6eHa, nocne 6ex jiOKana ... CBeKopBa 

mh Ke H3Baperae h Ke My aaBaxMe... 

M. C. Kora npoxo/jn aeTeTO, npaBaT jih naK norana? 

X. J\jk. A-a-a, npaHM. 

M. C. KaK ro npaBHre? 

X. J\ik. IIpaHM, npaHM h OB/je npaHM... CBeKopBa mh HacTaanie... 

M. C. Kofi ynacTBa? Kofi npnebCTBa? 

X. J\yK. CBeKopBa mh npaerae... norana npaerae, ^aBauie... 

M. C. Kon ca xo/jhjih Ha norana? CaMO >KeHH, Ma>Ke, CBe? 

X. J\ik. 5KeHH, Ma>Ke, HMame... 

M. C. A MaHKara Ha /jeTera pa3^aBa jih ot noranara Ha HeKofi? 

X. J\jk. He, He Ma ocTaame Mainca mh, CBeKopBa mh pa aaBaM... 

M. C. Bee Ta? 

X. J\ik. CBe Taa, n fioTapBa mh... 3 aBa e, Ha fl^KarypnnHba, paBano...Ke wpe ... pa- 

Bam Ha noranaTa...Ke nper /jacarypHHba, Ke My ^aBaera ot noraiara... Afi/je 3acTa- 

hh, cera apn n th! (...) 

M. C. Ha ro/niHa rn CTpn>KeTe? 

E. JX^k. J\a My pacTeT KoeaTa h pa ce ... no-necTa pa e. 

M. C. Kora 3a nptB ntT CTpn>KeTe KoeaTa, npnGnpare jih Knqypne ot Hea HaKbae? 

HbpBaTa Koca, pe e CTpnraHa? 

EcaT JljKHim: A-a-a, He, caMO e/nio, aKO (JjaTaM a npnaTejib pa ro Hanpaa KyM, 

KyM, Hero He ro CTpnaca h pecej ro/niHH... Ha Tpn Mecena pa My 3eMaT koch Jie. 

H ro (jjaTaM npnaTejib Hero BeKe, fl>Karype h Moe, h TBoe. H CTapn, n Hne, Kora ce 

CTpn>KeMe KOcaHa He a MeTKaMe. KocaHa Ke a nHKHeMe 412 ...BO p3H3p~bT 41i , pa He ce 



245 



ra3H. ,3,3H3 TOBe e obo KyKba, 3aBHeMe y KHHra n nHKHeMe a TaMO, p,a He a ra3H 

co Horn. 

XaMuda Aedua /Jmcuhu (Tumi), p. 1936 z. e c. Cmedneeo, 6e3 odpasoeanue, 3ej\te- 

denue, doMdKUHn; Ecam Rokuhu (ruuu); c. Cme6neeo, 05.06.2006, san. M. Cma- 

Menoea 



2.3.2 Eeme Jibeno ueKoza ceaddana, MOMcaHKaua... 

CaaeTe nnpyniH: Hne He CMe o,ge.JieHO, He CMe HMajiH bo cejiOTO Hanie KOHTpaaH- 
Ta, caMO 3a 3eMaHbe h 3a /jaBaHe, 3a MimeHbe h 3a >KeHeHbe ro HMaeT npo6jieM. 
He Moacenie. Cera He, cera Moace, Tyxy 3HaM a Ha toh BaKeT 414 - e/jHa 6paryne/iKa 
ot CBeKop mh 3e/je KaypHH h o-o-o, y-y-y - 6eme npo6jieM MJibory, He ro caxarae 
OBbe, 6a6o ot MOMHHKara - kh ro KOJia, Ka ro 6na! H o^eine CBexop mh TaMO, 
KHHHca fla ro 6jih>kht, ro caxarae, toh 6erae y6aB, KaypHH, 3am p,a He ro 3eMe 
KaypHH, npo6jieM... 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: A3 MHCJia, ne nocne, KoraTO EHBep 3a6paHH pejrarHHTe, CHTe 
Bene ca ce 3eManH - MioaiiHMaHH co KpncTHaHH... 

C. IT. Ce 3eMae no-KbCHO, cecjJTe e 6nfleHO npo6jieM, Ha BaKTOT ot CBeKop mh moh, 
mh ro Ka^KBame ot GparyneflOT HeroB h OBHa ca, CBeKop mh pa6oTanie, 6eme KOMy- 
hhct h pa6oTarae, 6eme kmct Ha CBe Tojio Bop/jo, TaK co ro^HHbe, mhoto ro/niHbe 
h nocne Kora ro 3a6jiH>KH... 3eTOB ch 6eme y6aB, 3am pp. He ro 3eMarae, My Bejieme 
- aaa, cera /ja th a /ja/jeB py^KKam 3a ro 3aKOJiHin! Toh ce CMefierae. A, Beneuie, 
toh ro HMa Hafi-y6aB! 
Cademe Tlupyuiu, zp. Cocpun, 10.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



Cy3aHa By3HOBa: Ha CBaB/ja j\& neniu, Jibeno ^a neniu. 

BafipaM By3HOB: Ha CBaB^aTa 3a ce Becejinm, ca nee 3a HeBecTara, a He caKaB 3a 
mh Ka^KeT HeBecTa, hhko, HeBecTa He ca KapaeT, a HMaM npaeHO CBafl6n h HMaM 
neaHO 3a hcbccth. Ka ce njianeT OHHa cbckopbh, Ka ce njianeT ot HeBecTHTe, a 
BeneB - He KapafiTe rn HeBecTHTe, ^a ce He KapaeT, #a ca y6aBH HeBecTHTe (...) 
BecejiKa ToHneBa: A th KaTO cbhphih Ha apMOHHKa, koh Te e ynHJi? 

B. B. Ha ihkojio, b TnpaH, b nana™ Kyjnypyc, My3HKa ppe ro^KHH h ^BanceT 
flpyrn... 

C. B. Co HOTHTe yneHO, co cbc 

B. T. C Btokhh KaK CBHpeBTe? Tafifla h.... 

B. B. Tafifla h apMOHHKa, h TonaH h jxxLQ'i, 3a jiecHa My3HKa, KpoTKa My3mca, fleTO 

3B0HKH nrpaT. (...) 

B. T. Th ch cbhphji h TaKBH, aMa ch cbhphji h Hapo/jHH? 

B. B. no, no, HapoflHH. no-flOHHa, MJiaflHHara 6aparae JibecHH, /jo6peHH, Ka hm 

BHKaTe, nefleH co flpyrn ^onpeHH. ,H,o6po - /jo6peHH. (cMax) Ce noMoraeT, ^eTeTO 



414 BpeMe 



246 



co HeBecTara Kora nrpar, My3HKa jiecHa My3HKa, ce noMaraeT. 
C. B. HrpaeT 3ae/mo, 3a j\a. ce ^KyjibicaeT no MajienKa (CMax). 

B. T. IIoMaraeT p,a ca no-6jin30. Mh Ka^KH ro p,el 

C. B. To e CTpaM. H ot CTapnre. 

B. T. Ka>KH 3a CBar6nTe. Kaxo noMHHyBa, Kora th np,eui, mo ce cnynyBa, Kora th 

H^eiu, afi^e pa3Ka>KH mh. .33 He 3HaM mo e 6hjio. 

B. B. CBaB/niTe. Cea ce OTBapaT CBaBaara, ot neTBtpTOK ce BHKa. Oht Boaemmn, 

ce MejiHT 6paniHO, b neTBtpTOK, h Ka npamaeT TaM co My3Hica, Ka nrpaeT, HMaeT 

My3HKa. Kora ce npaaT jie6oH, ce HMaeT My3Hica, ce ... KyMOii, Ka ^ofi/jar. 

B. T. KaKBa My3HKa cbhphiu? 

B. B. My3HKara, Ka neaT )KeHHre. 

- O/jeTe co 3flpaBbe, BO/jeHnnapH, 

6am npiiaTejiii, 
3a coMenHTe y6aBO 6paniHO, 12 
3 a 3aMecHMe Jiena norana, 
Ka 3aMecHMe y6a norana. 

- J\o6pe flofiflOBTe, BOfleHnnapH, II 
BOfleHHnapH, 6am npnaTejiH, 12 

Ka 3aMecHMe Jiena norana /2 415 

B. T. AMa h th a 3Haem! 

C. B. 5i MaeijKa cyM MO>KeHa... 

B. B. )KeHHTe a neaT, Kora ce npaBH norana. 

C. B. Ba6o o/jeme no CBaB/m n 6apame KO/je HMa MOMnne y6aBO p,a en ro 6apa 3a 
chh. (cMax) 

B. B. A HMaB rae/jaHO Ha cbhtc 

C. B. H penn My Ha chh - Om Ke 3eMam! Om e y6aBa. (...) 
B. T. Th pene HMa My3HKa, huh caMO >KeHHTe neaT? 

B. B. My3HKa, My3HKa, aKO HeMame My3HKa, HeKorara caMO )KeHHTe Ka neaT. 

C. B. HeKoraui no-HeMauie. 

B. T. Kora HMame My3HKa mo CBHperae, KaKBH mcjio/ihh? 
B. B. KaKO no necMaTa. IIo necMara, TaKe ce neeuie. 
B. T. H nocjie, TOBa e bo neTBtpTOK? 

B. B. HeTBtpTOK. MoacHTe nrpaaT (j)HJibfl}KaHH, bo ^omot ot Moacox 

C. B. HrpaaT co ntpcTeH. Co (Jjiuib/pKaHH, koh Ke ro Han^e ntpcTeHOT. 

B. T. H mo Karo ro Han^e HbpcTeHOT? 

C. B. H My nee noone koh Ke ro Haime ntpcTeHOx 

B. B. H Ka neeBMe h 3a HeBecTara - Koh th ro Han^e... 
B. T. KaKBO ce nee 3a HeBecTara? 

- Koh th ro Kynn nopcTeHOT tboh, Mopn, nopcTeHOT tboh? II 

- MeHe mh ro Kynnji CB'bpmeHHKOT moh, Mopn, CBi>pnieHHKOT moh. /2 416 

415 B*. neceHJV2l3. 

416 Bat. IIeceH.No 15. 

247 



- Ke 6h CHHOHKa Ha CBaB/ja II 

koh 6erae (jjareH 3a Te6e? 12 

Kofi th ro 3e/je nopcTeHOT, 

flanH Ky th to HOTHece 12 

Co nopcTeH (JjH.nb/i>KaH nrpae 12 

HMeTO th ro cnaBeeT, 

HMeTO TBoe cnaBeeT. 417 
B. B. KaK ce BHKam th? 
B. T. Becejnca. 
B.B. (IIpofl'bJDKaBa Jia nee.) 

ITopcTeHOT th e BecejiKHH 12 
Ka ch HMara HMeTO ot HeBecTaTa. (...) 

B. T. H nocne mo? Bo neTOK? 

C. B. HeTBtpTOK h neTOK nrpaaT (JjHJib/pKaHH. Cy6oTa o/ni no 6afipaK, 3eMe 6afi- 
paK, ce MeHBeT MyMHHKH, HeBecrn bo nnanKH Hauin, bo ccjickh, Kaico mo en bh- 
flejia, Jibenn cbhtc bo opo, 6afipaKOT, Ke OHMe... EflHa KyKa /joprai 6afipaKOT. Ce 
6epaT CBHTe jho/hi CBoeTO, ce o6jiaKar y6aBO, o/ni ce co neeHe TyKa TonaHHTe, 
jia 3eMeT 6afipaKOT h nocne opo nrpaeT co 6afipaKOT, co cbc norana HaBenep co 
ntpcTeH HamapaHa. 

(roBop) 

Ka MecHMe, Ka Mecnivie 6e.naHa norana, 

Ka OHMe, Ka OHMe Kan jienaHa HeBecTa. 
B. T. A flan MajiKO Mcno/niaTa. MajiKO 3anefi. 

3aMecHBMe noranara, 6pe 6ejia BacnnKe, 

3aMecHBMe noranara, Hafi-6ejia BacnnKe. 418 
B. T. TyK e hmcto Ha HeBecTaTa. 
B. B. JX&, HMeTO ot HeBecTaTa. 
(npofltJDKaBaT Jia neaT) 

Ka OHMe, Ka onMe MJibory Ha/janeKO. 
(roBop: Ot Kan Ka 6eme HeBecTaTa) 

Ka HOCHMe, Ka hochmc 6cnaHa norana. 

Ka HOCHMe, Ka hochmc ope 6cno pyBO. 

J\& MOMHMe, fla MOMHMe JienaHa HeBecTa. 

B. B. Cn 3a6opaBHB enre... (...) Ila m 3HaM, aMa CTap cbM bckc 

C. B. AMa My TeKBa. 

B. T. H nocjie? Bo ca6oTa - 6afipaKOT? 

C. B. TonaHHTe. HaBenep noranara, ce 6epar cbhtc nrpar opa, Jipjirn opa, h mo>kh, 

H )KeHH, CBHTC 

B. T. Ha KaKBO nrpar? Ha KaKBa Mcno/ina? 

C. B. JIbecHa, CHTHa, /jpo6Ha, KpoTKa. ,Hpo6HO opo, kpotko, p,a o^ar chtc, nojieKa, 

417 B>k. neceHjY2l6. 

418 B*. neceHjY2l9. 

248 



He co jibeTaHe... HMar h co JibeTaHe. 

B. B. KaKO pycKO opo. (...) 

C. B. JIbeTO e no-G^psy. 

B. T. A apo6ho? 

C. B. ^po6ho e no-HBaiu HBaui... 

B. T. KaKBH ca MejioJinHTe, Ha KaKBH moio/hik ce nrpa? 

C. B. Opo ce BHe... 

Opo ce BHe Kpafi MaHacTHpa II 

- Afi/je MOMe, afi/je flymo, jia bh/hiih II 

HbpBOHO OpO OT fleBOHKHHe, 12 

p,a njieiu, opn MOMe, p,a bh/jhui. II 

B Helena Ka HJia, cbhtc Ka h BHJia. 12 

J\a H^e irbpBa ceB^a, p,a n/je 12 

fla H^e, ope Jiyjio, p,a Bn/ja. 419 
B. B. HMa ro 3a6opaBeHO. Obhc /jeceT-neTHaece ro/jHHH He rn neaT OBHe necMe, 
cajie HOBeK Ha HOBeKa KaT cnoMaraT. (...) 

B. T. Taa „Opo ce BHe Kpafi MaHacTHpa"... 

C. B. CBeKoraiu a neaT, CBeKoram Ha CBar6a. (...) Ot /jeBejieceTaTa ro/niHa, ocyM- 
Hafic roflHHH He ce nee... Tpa/niHHOH cera... 

C. B. IU,o npaHT HeKofi cyHeT, naic neeT, HHe mo npaHM... cera b KyKH moh, a CBe 
moh ca 6paTa, co 6a6o, co jiiojiHBe /ja neHT, n CBe necMe Haiun, He caicaM aji6aH- 
ckh, ch caxaM Hama necMa, n MJibory BHKaMe, /ja nye hckoh, MJibory CBHpn, bh- 
Kafi, p,a ce nye... Ot Kae CMe /ja ce 3hoht. 

B. T. Bo Helena? 

C. B. Bo Helena OHMe no HeBecTa, no HeBecTaTa, OHMe, nocjie HHMe pyneK, a Be- 
nepa... 

B. B. Ka neeMe Ka oaT, CBaroHre... 

O^eTe co 3flpaBbe.... 

C. B. CBaTon TpncTa nymaMe, TpncTa n e/jeH naKaMe 

TpncTa CBaTon nymaMe, 12 
TpncTa n e/jeH naKaMe. 420 
,H,a e >khbo 6a6o, mo Jibeno MOMnne H3raeflajio, p,a e McnBa MafiKa fi! 
B. T. TaKa ce nee jth? 

,H,a th e >khbo, 6a6o th, opn hcbccto, 
fla th e )khbo 6paraeTO, opn hcbccto, 
ino hh 3ajinnn KyKaBa, Jiena HeBecTa, 
mo hh 3ajiHHH KyKaBa, opn BacnnKe, 
ino hh 3ajiHHH fleTeBO, jiena hcbccto. 
(BejiHMe Ha HMe 3a HeBecTaTa) 

JiHHHa jia onra ^0 BeKa, Jiena hcbccto, 12 

419 B*. neceHJV223. 

420 B*. neceH JVo24. 

249 



fla th ce >khbh 6paraHa, jiena hcbccto, 
fla th ce >khbh 6paraHa, opn HeBecTO. 421 
B. B. IIonpamaHe. Ot KyxaTa HeBecTaTa (Jjhcot, ot cjjhc hch3hh, (|)hc, ot hchhh- 

TC. 

B. T. H HMa necMa? 

B. B. IlecMa, HMa Kora H/jaT Tna... 

C. B. H BenflT - Pa/jyBafi ce, noayBafi ce, nocne... 

B. T. Kora a npamaeT KaKBa necMa? 

C. B. LLI,o a nonpam,BaeT OBHe HeBecTaTa, Kora a 3eMBaex.. 

B. B. JJp. flOH/je /jOMa p,o Kafi 3eTOT, e neaT ot Kyxa, Kafi 3Ctob: 

,H,o6pe flofiflOBTe, ope jthhhh npnaTejiH, 12 

mo hh flOHecoBTe JienoBO HeBecTyne. /2 422 
B. B. nocne Kora ch 6eraeT, Kora th nonpamaMe ot Kafi 3Ctot: 

OfleTe co 3flpaBe, ope jihhhh npnaTejiH, 12 

mo hh cafiflHcaBTe JienoBO HeBecTyne. 12 

B. B. J\& th cafiflHcaT HeBecTaTa, th nonpamaeT HeBecTaTa hhbhh po/jhhhh... 

C. B. BecenH ce, paayBafi ce, 6a6o, ot fleTeTO... 
(nee) 

BecenH ce, paayBafi ce, 6a6o ot 6eicapa. 
IIIyKiop mo ch flonaKajio CHHa /ja 3a>KeHHin. 

(nee BafipaM) 

Becejin ce, paayBafi ce, TaTKO ot /jeTeTO. 
Becejin ce, paayBafi ce, Mafiica ot /jeTem 
IIIyKiop Ke ch flonaKajio cnHa p,a 3a>KeHHin, 
rayKiop Ke CMe /jonaKajin b KyKa p,a ^OHTe. 423 

B. B. 3a Te6e nea n 3a OBHe! Ce pa/jBnx (...) 

B. T. H bo Helena Kpafi? 

C. B. A TaBOJiHHHTe 424 , Ke Benepaex.. Cocjjpa. Co My3HKa /jOKpafi h nocne 3aTBopaT 
3eTOT HaBenep bo HOKaTa, ro 3aTBopBaeT 3eTOT bo KyKaTa, jxyp He ro HaMaBaeT, He 
ro nymaeT Kafi HeBecTaTa, ro Bap/jHT, 3a fla ro MaBaeT, /ja ro 6iiex.. 

B. B. KyneT na3ap - nopTOKajin, naxrm/pKaHn, j\a. ro Hanpaex.. 
C B. ... p,a Mofi jja ro H3BajinT - Kae ohui, My Be.neT, mo ohih TaMo! 

B. B. Thkbh rHHJin, Ka BHKaTe - thkbh? 

C. B. J\& He My H36eraex J\& ro BajibKax 

B. B. H flBofina ro Bap^ex H OBHe no6paTHMn ro Bap^ex H ro 6ap>KaeT, p,a BJie3eT 
Hey6aB Kafi HeBecTaTa... Cbhtc ^pyrapnTe HeroBH, ino ca... 

B. T. Kofi ro Bap^n? TpnMa ro na3aT? 

C. B. HMa CBHTe acMOBH, HMa e hok, ino ro Bap/jnx.. 



421 B>k. neceH JV225. 

422 B*. neceH JV226. 

423 B*. neceH JV228. 

424 , 



' MacHTe 



250 



B. B. IIo6paTHM. CaMO 3a Bece.no. (...) HeBecTa kh ro nepjrr ca6afijie. 

C. B. Ch HMa HeBecTa MJia/ja. CaGafijie Ka CTaBaeT HeBecTaTa HKSMy /jaBaeT p,a- 
poH, mo My flOHecna. Ha cbohto c})hc. Ke My TypHT BO/ja p,a ce MHeT. HeBecTaTa 
Typa BOfla. 

B. B. Co ctomhhhc CeKofi ce MHe h kh nnama. 

C. B. AMa My /jaBa Taa. 

B. B. Ta oht Ha qeiHMara HeBecTaTa. 

C. B. AMa My /jaBa Taa - Bi>3raaBHHK Be3aH, Hemo... Ha obhc Tea njiamaeT nocjie, 
3a Tea to npan Taa, 3a pp. h nnaTHT. 

B. T. nocne He 0/jar jih Kan MafiicaTa Ha HeBecTaTa? 

C. B. no. nocjie a hocht Ha nopBHH. Tora a o6jiaKar co njianKH, He e co 6ejio Bexe, 
co rep^aHH, co chh/j>khph h oht Taa, c&jickh hjihhkh, co... KaKO mo ch o6jieieHa 
th. Ako fla HMa Kecj), axo caKa cejiCKO, axo He - co hjihhkh y6aBH. Oht no-paHO co 
pH3H Hemo y6aBH, opsapji, nopsapji... co MapaMa, co Kopna, Hape/jeHO h hoch h 
o/ni no-Hanpefl. Cbckopot Hanpe/i, 30jibh, Taa o/j3a/ni... no-Jibeno 6enie Hanpea, 

JIHHHO. 

B. T. E 3am,o Ta e Ofl3a,TH? 

C. B. Taa e HeBecTaTa - /ja ce no3Han, HMa h MJibory o6jieieHH Ka Hea... 

B. B. CBHTe ca oOjieneHH hcbccth... 

C. B. CBHTe ca Jibeno oGjieneHH. TaMO oht, mccht norana Kan Mafixa h. noraia. 
HeBecTa. H a 3eMHT 3a TaMO, 3a Kan 3eT0T, OT^ejibBa napqyjiHHa MaeHKH, Ha cbhtc, 
h 6apaeT - j\w mh MajiKO ot noraqara, mo ch Mecnjia Kan Mafixa ch, jno/niBe ot 
Ma^KOT, cjjhcot ot Ma>KOT caxaT noraia ot MafiKa h... Ce npaHT co raeKep h h BcnaT 
CBHTe - flan... h 6apaeT cbhtc, 3a 6jiaro. 

B. B. Ot noranara ot HeBecTaTa caicaeT noTeM. A HMaB Kecj). 

C. B. MeTKaT HBeraHa 3a/j Hea, h MeTKaT, h KOMy Ke My na/meT, Ke ce bopihht 425 . 

B. T. B noHe/jejiHHK Kora ce xo/jh Ha nopBHH, HMa jih My3HKa? 

C. B. HeMaT bckc HeMaT b noHe/jejiHHK. My3HKa 6eraeT. Ha caGafijieTO CTaHBaeT 
HeBecTaTa, ce /jejiaT /japoBHre h ch 6eraeT. HMa My3mca Kora ce /jejiaT /japoHre, 
6afipaK0T ro HMa e/ma KyKa caMO. 

B. B. EnonijH Hanpe/i CBHpea. Tna 6exa 3a My3HKa, hhkoh HeMaiue 3a My3HKa b 
Haraa CTpaHa. 

C. B. Tne CBHpea, opKecTpa. 

B. T AMa h th HMani CBHpeHO Ha CBar6a? 

B. B. ilc HMaM CBHpeHO... 

C. B. ... HaTonaH... OpKecTpa, TonaH, TynaH Jibeno. (...) 

B. T Cbhtc necHH, kohto th 3Haem th, ca ot CBar6a, th ch CBHpeji Ha CBaT6a... a 
Ha flpyr npa3HHK, Ha flpyro BpeMe? Apy rH necMH? CaMO >kchh jih ca neejin? ,Hpy- 

TH? KjieHbeBCKH, CTe6jieBCKH? 

B. B. He HMaHO necMH. 5i HMaM neaHO, b cejiOTO Hame ca/je a HMaM neaHO h Bo- 

>KHH, a H Bo>KHH. 



251 



B. T. )KeHH? 

B. B. )KeHH, no, HMajio e meHw. 3KeHirre nee MacHBe, MomHe, cbhtc ica neea Ha 

CBaB^a, CBHTe >KeHH, Koa noHHe p,a nee, MOinHe... 

EaupciM Eysuoe, Cy3ana Eysuoea, zp. Myp'bc (flpan), 03.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



BecejiKa ToHneBa: Ha CBaT6a mo? Ka>KH mh cera, CBar6ara Kaxo 6erae Ha Kaypn n 
Ha apHayTH? HMauie pa3JiHKa? 

BnojieTa MypaTOBa: HMauie, HMauie. TyKa 6eBMe e/maKBH - Typun, Kaypn. 
CBaB/jara 3axBauryBa bo p.ea btophhk Kan Hac, ce 3aMecBaT jie6oHTe. Tne ce nne- 
hhhhh, He nneHKaHH. JIe6oHTe Ke 3aMecBaT ot 6pofi ot CTapo, ot CTapo, He cera, 
cera Ke bh^htc, Ha CTapoTO. Ka 3aMecBaT Ka Typuu, Ka Kaypn, ica ce 3aMecBar ne- 
6ohtc Obhc Jie6ou, mo ce no/jejibBar, ho neTBtpTOK, bo btophhk ce 3aMecBar, bo 
cpeaa HayTpo ce nenaT, ica H/jar HOKbTa Tue, bo CTpe^aTa ce nenaT, b hctbptokot 
ce pa3TypBax 

B. T. Ce pa3TypBaT, mo 3HanH? 

B. M. Th HOcaT no KyKH. Cnymafi Me cera. To mo npanr a, aeKa HMaM p,ene 3a 
>KeHeHe, npaBa CBa6/ja, p,e ica >KeHa chh h HMaM 3aMeceHH /jeBeT ajiu e/nniaece ue- 
6oh, CBeKoraui tck. 3a momhc Kafi momhhc HeMar TaKBH.., HMaT HHaKBe npaBejia, 
HeMaMe %& npaBHMe KaKO Kafi CBa/j6aBa ot aeuaBa 426 . J\eu,a, Bne My BejiHre Kafi 
MOMHneHaBa. JIe6oHBe, caKaui p,a (jjaTHui th Tponua, Mne rn BejiHMe 6npa3epH, 
no6paTHMH. Tpu ajiu neT, no6paTHMHBe ca 3a H3MeT Ha CBaB/ja. H3MeT - 3a pa6o- 
Ta. H3Mefl>KHH. H3MeTHHa, e^HH Ka /jaBar Kacjje, /jpyruoT ica nojiHHT BO/ja, /jpyruoT 
ica 6epHT flopBa, 3a CBaB/jara caKar MJiory /ja HMa noMaraiH. Obhc jie6oBH ica ce 
flejiHT, Ka ce pa3TypBaeT, aMa 3a cboh ica ce pe/mr obc -3c Ke OKeHa chhot h ica 
H/ja Kafi Te6e — a Te HMaM BTopa hjih TpeTa Gparyie/iKa, (...) a TyKa Ke Kopma e/jeH 
Jie6, Tofi Jie6 Kora Ke flofi^e OHa oOjieneHa bo pyBOTO Harae, a ica pe/ja, ac cyM p,o- 
MaKHHKara nopBa, a Ke pe/ja HeBecTHre MJia/m, He /jeBofiKH, hcbccth MJia/jH, ce/jar 
bo pyBOTO Hauie, h Ke o/jaT, Ke acnaT, Ke HOcar jie6ou, Ka ro flOHeca y Te6e, ica CTa- 
BHMe cocjjpara, Ha jie6oT, Ha CTpeaara ot jie6oT Ke KJia/niMe coiib, TyKa Ka /jejiHMe 
jie6oT H3nojio, KOcaHHue jibeOne ica 3eMeui h, mo ch iiOMaKHHa, KOcaHHua Jibe6ie 
ica 3eMa a, ica KOCHa Jibe6 h cojib h ica peiHMe - JiacjjOT 6jiaru 36op. Hhmc TyKa Jie6 
h cojib, jja ro HMaMe 36opoT 6jiar - uiep uiaMaTa 3a CMe HeMajie HHKora. 
KoHCTaHTHH PaHroieB: Taa can cjiara jih ce y Hemo? 

B. M. Ha jibe6oT, Ha jibe6oT. JIbe6oT Ka ch ro a^eT THa jho^h, Kae Ke ch ro o/me- 
chih. HeMa hh MepaK, hh hhiho... He Jibe6 neaH ot CBaB/ja. 
KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: Toa Jie6 uiapeH jih e? 

B. M. He, He e, e Jibe6 neneH, He e noraia, mo ica ce mapar h ica ce nenax He e 
TaKOB. JIbe6, mo ica 3hohui, a Ka ^OHeca Kafi Te6e, /ja 3Haera - th ch Kna/jeH 6npa- 
3ep Kafi MeHe, no6paTHM Kafi mchc H ce 6pouui 6paT ot /jeTeBO Moe, ot /jeHecKa 
ynpeKO, BeKe npuaTejimHHa, Mue 3ae/mo, ch ce po>KaeT no-^OHHa /jeua, ce poacaeT 



' fleua ce HapimaT caivio MOivmeTaTa, a „^>KarypHHa" ce ynoTpe6aBa h 3a ziBaTa nona. 

252 



HyHH, Miie CMe Ha TpHTe noac 3eMajie Tyexa, /jaBajio Tyexa, ka ce KopuiHT Jibe6 h 
ce hht co conb, Tyxa Beice npnaTejibrnHHa, 3eMaHe h /jaBaHe HeMar. 
B. T. ToBa ce npaBH ot Kaypn? 

B. M. H TypijH, n Kaypn, py OB/je. (...) Hokts Kora Ka /jofi/ie, BeiepTa, ce npaBH 
^HcyMoyc. Ce 6epeT BHKaHO. Bo btophhk HaBenep ce BHKaT ca/je 6jih3hhtc cboh, 
Kora Ka ce 3aMecaT jie6onre. Bo CTpe/ja HaBenep Momrre ce 6epar, nrpaaT (JjHJib- 
/PKaH. Co np'bCTeHHTe. Bo neTB'bpTOK HaBenep naic >KeHHTe neaT, mokhtc nrpaaT 
(j)HJibfl>KaH, co nopcTeHH. Bo neTOK HaBenep naK ce npaBH ^>KyM6yc icaic h TypHH, 
KaK h Kaypn - eHaKBO, HeMa /jejibBaHe HHKaKBO noeKbe. A cera 3a/jHHBe ro/nimi, 
OTKa 3a3eMBaa hcbccth, OTTaMO /jofi/ioa no rpa^OH floimoa TaMO, noraiaBa, mo 
ce npaBerae bo cb6oTa HaBenep, a npaaT bo neTOK HaBeiep, 3am,o 3eTOT Ka H^e Ka 
papjn pyneK Kafi /jeBofiKaBa, ce npan pyneKOT ot /jeBofiKaBa ce npaBH b co6oTa, 
a Kafi MOMneTO ce npaBH b Helena. JJy OB/je CMe ctho TypHH h Kaypn. ApHayTH 
h Kaypn CMe e/mo, p,o neTOK Beiep. H co6oTa, bo co6oTa Ha yTpo, cbohhhtc xopa 
ce 6epeT naK, ce kojict MecoTO. Ce kojiht bojioh, no Bepara, mo en Tpe6eT Te6e, 
KOJibKy aynia HMaui 3a paHnra, Ka kojihih tchhh, BOJia, OBnnHa, KOJibKy ino th 
Tpe6nT, th Tpe6ajie cto KHJia Meco, th Tpe6ajie /jBecTe KHJia Meco... Tora ce KOJiea 
bojioh. Ha yTpHHTa, Ha yrpe paHO, ca6afijie, yTpHHTa bo co6oTa. LU,o Ke ce h3hhc- 
tht Meco ot BHaTpeniHH pa6oTH... KO^Ka, 3>KHrpn... noc-nenra ce hocht pyieKOT 
Ha TonaHHTe, Mne bcuhmc Kan MaficTopnre, Kan erionnnTe, rae, mo HMaT cbhpkh 
h TonaHH. Ce totbht ajjaHeTO aoMa h Tpn ^ena Ka ro Hocar a/jaHeTO npe^ BaKeT, 
pyneKOT /jOMa He MHHa. JIio^HBe, mo npaea H3MeT, ino ce 3eMea co pa6oTa goMa, 
Ka pynaeT, TyKa ce totbht, ce hht, bo co6oTa. KaK h apHayTH, TaKa n Kaypn. 
K. P. PyneKOT KaKO ce totbh? 

B. M. PyneKOT ce totbh - Moace pa e nop6a co Meco, co /pKHrpn 427 , MO>Ke pa e 
rpacj) ... 6e3 Meco, MO>Ke pa e cnpeHe co /pKHipn, HMamHHara KyKHa, He ca MJibory 
mopw, OBHe, mo npaBaT H3MeT 428 , He ca MJibory, ce cbohhhtc Ha erapo nocne, ce 
kojiht b co6oTa Meco, Ka o/niT Ka 3eMHT TonaHHTe, CKpeBaTe 6afipaKOT. BafipaKOT 
ro HMaMe... bo Cre6jieBO ca 6npeim pbq KyKH, mo ca HMajiH 6afipaK. Tye Kafi 6afi- 
paKOT, Koa mo ce Hocar jie6oHTe, ce hocht e/jeH Jibe6. J\a mh ro totbhih 6afipaKOT 
h a Ke wpa h Ka ro 3eMa. BafipaKOT e OHaKbB - aji6aHCKO 3HaMe. 
K. P. A HMauie jih Hemo KHTKa? 

B. M. HMaT Tpn khtkc, no-^OJiy Ha cbhtc, khtkhbc ce... (...) co Bi>jiHeHH kohhh 
cyneHH, jjojirn MO^Ke pa ca pqcqt, jjBaeceTe, TpneceT caHTHMeHTpa, TOJibKy h ce 
CTerHaTH h ca Bop3aHH Ha HenoHTe ot 6afipaKOT, Ha KpafioHre. A OB/je Ha bopbot 
Ha 6afipaKOT pe/jHre HBeica, CTpe/moTO HBeTe pe/jH, ce 6apaT e/mo MOMie a6oji- 
koto no-rojieMO, 3ropa Ha/j KHTKaTa HBeKbe ce pcrnr Tye. 5i Ka nofi/jeT - ce 3eMeT 
6afipaKOT, ce 3eMeT TonaHHTe, ce BpamaeT co necHH, wpeeuie co necMH, nocjie... 
h TonaHHTe. 
K. P. H My3HKaHTHTe KaKBH ca 6hjih? 



' Apo6 



428 H3MeT, H3MeTHHH - xopa, kohto H^BaT pa noMaraT. 



253 



B. M. Hainii. 

K. P. E HajiH erconnn? 

B. M. Enoimii HauiH CTe6jieBHH, 3aino enonHnre pa6oTaa h KOBanaHa. TyKa ce 

npaBH 3a pa6oTaHe - co mothkh... THe hm BHKaxBMe HHe - Ha Mafieropa. Ilpaea. 

Hue HMaBMe Tynann, CBHpann, /jeH 6a6a /jeH, enonHnre c&jickh. Cbcko c&jio HMar 

HMaHO HHBHHTe erconHn. 

K. P. Kojiko TynaHa ca? 

B. M. Toram Gnne p,bsl, no /nm - ppe cbhpkh, jjpa TonaHa. CBnpKa. 3ypjia. TaKa 

BHKaTe Biie. Mo>Ke TaKBO j\a ro BHKare bhc Bhcoko. TyKa bo ce.no Hame ca nrpaHH 

mo)kh tokko. Tokkh Hipajia Ha mo)kh, He HMar HMaHO no-CTapo, no-CTapo, Heico- 

ram, He ce MemajiH )KeHHre, ^exa nrpajin aceHH, HeMajio mokh j\a BJiarar bo opo. 

K. P. 3aTBopeHO jih e kojioto? 

B. M. ritpBHOT, ntpBHOT h 3a/jHH0T, aMa He B0p3aH0, He 3aTB0peH0 KOMnJieT, OHIH 

opo, He 3aTBopeHO opo. TyKa OTica ice /jofiflar ^OMa co TonaHHBe h co cbhpkhbc, fie 

6np,eno CBeaHO, Ka ce nrpa e/jHO tokko nrpaHe Tyexa, pyp,e JiiOfleTO Ha cicanaeT 

nrpaerae, TyKa erionTHHOT ro boptht TonaHOT hhhkom h Ka nnainaT... 3a Tea Ty- 

naHe, p,a ce He ii3nojiHHT, HMar HMaHO HeKorara, e/pia Kycjjna, ojibKy Tpe6a p,a ce 

co6epHT ot nrpaHHBe, Tora ro nnoBneT flOMaKHHOT. J\yp He ro h KJia/niT napHBe, 

3a ce H3nojiHH, mo e KJia^eHO no na3apoT, HeMa, He Tynar... mo Ka ce h3hojihht 

npo6aTa... 

K. P. ToBa opo Ma^KH jih n^Bar hjih aceHH? 

B. M. Ha ntpBOBO, Ha CTapo, ca nrpaHH, ceBTe nrpaea MomiTe, Ka ce TopHejin Ha- 

3aa MO)KHTe, nocjie Ka nrpajin )KeHHTe, aceHnre cbhtc o6jieneHH bo pyBO, /jeHecKa 

Tea He ca... oneT ro o6jiaKBaT, ro Hocar, He Ka /jOMa, mo ro Hocejm, ro o6jiaKajin. 

Ce Monar h OB^e Tne j\a ro /jop^Kar, 3a 3a He thhht, flOManmoTO flofi/jeHO, aMa 

OB/je no-^pyro e, He Modern j\a m npaBHui cbhtc pa6oTH. OBe bo co6oTa. TyKa 

nocjie, bo co6oTa Ha yTpo, BHKaT /jena, Te KaHaT j\a n/jem y Hac Ha CBaB/ja, Tne, 

mO Ce BHKaT OT MOMHH, B C060Ta BHKaT MOMnH, B HeTBpTOK BHKaT )KeHH, bo neT- 

BpvroK ce nenT npcTeHOT Kafi Hac, Ha CBaB/jara caMO ^kchckh - /jeBofiKH, hcbccth, 
CTapnHH h Tye ce nenT nopcTeHOT, ce cenr }khtoto, ce nymaT BoaefflinH, ce Topar 
KOHHTe Ke o^aT BO/jeHHnH ce mcjiht ^khtoto, ce nonpamar, ce Bop3BaT pn3aTa - 
nopcTeH, 3JiaT0, CBeKopBaTa co6pajia 3a chhot, 3a HeBecTaTa h bo co6oTa npea j\a 
ce oht Kan TonaHnre, HOcaT KOBneroT - pyBOTO ot HeBecTaTa TaMO o/jeT, aK Te 
naKaT c pyneK npnaTejiOT, Ka th Kna/jHT 6pofi - neTHHa, ceayM, .zjeBeT, ^BaHaeceT, 
HMam,HHaTa HeroBaTa, neTHHa, ce^yM ayme, /jBaHaece flyme, Ka ohih, Ka hochui 
pyBOTO ot HeBecTaTa, Ka pynain TaMO h Ha3a/j Ka ce BpaTHin, OBe ce npep, j\a ce 
3eMaT TonaHHTe, OBe e npep, TonaHn. Iioane ce Benepa HOKbTa, OBne, mo ce BHKaHn 
ot momhh Ha co6oTa - no /jBofina, /jBe momhhhh ica oaT, Ke BHKaT, HMimaTa, mo ca 
CBaB^apH j\a ce BHKaT, Ka oht no KyKnre - Te KaHHT, (jjHJiaH Te KaHH, HOKbecKa ch 
BHKaH Ha Kacjje, yTpe Ha CBaB/ja. 
K. P. Ohh HOcaT jih Hemo? 



254 



B. M. Hhiuo, hhhjo, bo ca6oTa, hh Hnrao, a6cojiK>Tnni. Ce 6epeT caMO 3a HrpaHbe, 
3a neeHbe, 3a meHJiOK 430 , 3a eb6oTara 3a inennoK ce 6epe, THe, mo Ka npaHT... cbhtc 
Ka rn paHHT, flOMaKHHOT kh th paHHT, Ha Taa Benep ce CTaBHJio Meco... (...) TyKa 
nocne meHJiOKOT, Ba^KflOBHeT, /jOKafi BeKe ce Mop3irr jnoflnre, aM b co6oTa nocne 
HOKbTa H^eT BHKaHO h HeBHKaHO, koh caxaeT, fla th H3nneT e^HO Kacjoe, p,a th a 
eropiiT anpjina, mo ce npanra... HeMaT rafijie. Momwtq Kacjje, >KeHHTe raeKep. Ka 
jieraeT, kh cimeT, HOKbTa e floraa, yTpHHTa Ka CTaHcr. IIo CTapo ce 3eBee HeBec- 
THTe co ayjiaK. Ka ce 3a6epee CBaT6apHTe TyKa cera, 6jih3hhtc mo ca - KbepKH 
MO)KeHH, mo ce chhoh }KeHara, aM mo ca .nejierai, mo ce cecrpn, mo ce 6paTa, 
mo ce mh/pkoh 431 , ByfiKOBH... Tora Ha no-CTapo 6erae obchot, mo ce Hoceme, h Ha 
H036aTa... 
B. T. mo e H036a? 

B. M. Ho36a ce BHKar, Ka ohih th Ha CBaB/ja, Ka hochih Hemo, Ka /jaBain. Ilofla- 
paK, no^apaK. Ho36a. Mne TaKa ro BejiHMe. He obch H036aTa, Ha obchot HMaT 
h... Ha obchot fie, aK HMaiu, Ka hochih - 3JiaTO, ot 6jiH3HHTe, mo no-6jiH3eH - to 
no-MJiory. Torara. ,H,aeT ByfiKOT, HMame ^)Ko6aTa Hafi-TOKKa, ByfiKOT p,& /jaBa Hafi- 
MJibory, noeKbe ot CTpHKa, ByfiKO e noeKe ot CTpHKa, ctphko e no 6a6o, ByfiKO e 
no MafiKa, TaKa e. IIo Mainca noeKbe, no-6jiH30. nocne >KeHHTe ce 6epeT, Ke HHacar 
^yjiaKOT 432 , Ha CTapo - cera co 6cn (JjycTaH. TyKa ce Hn>Ke pynaKOT, Ha ^yjiaKOT 
... Ka cejjHeT n Ka ro icna/jeT 36opoT, nocne Ka pe^eT... 3JiaTO, chh/pkhph, mo HMa 
pyBOTO Harae, ... Ka pe/jar, ome/jajio, Ka ce 6epar jno^HTe, Mne BHKaMe CBaTOBH, n 
Bne TaKa TpeBa p,a BHKaTe. Ce co6epeT CBaTOBHBe n ma HMaT KyKHHOT, /jOMaKHHOB, 
KOHb, Tora HMaa cbhtc, momhhtc H/jea co kohh, CBaTOBH co kohh, cecjrre ce KanBa- 
me Ha KOHbOT 6cn KyKHHOT, /jOMaKHHOB, nocne 6erae /jafioT, ByfiKOT, nocne 6eme 
ctphkot, CBHTe co pefl, mo>kh. Cecjrre Ha CTapo )KeHH HHKoram He o/jcjih CBaTHne, 
caMO mo)kh, oflea mo^kh co kohh h opy^Karai 433 ... 3amo ce 3eMaHe h napn HeKorara, 
Ha CTapo, 3aro ce o/jeiue opy>KaHH (...) 3aro ce o/jeine co, o,nea mhoto momuh, 
o/jea ^afioBnHTe, ByfiKOBnHTe, o/jeme /jOMaKHHOT - KyKHHKOT ot KyKaTa... 3ctot 
He OfleH, TyKa HeBecTara a naKarae goMa, He o/jeine no HeBecTaTa. CenoBO Harae, 
CreGjieBO, cenaHa flpyrn He 3HaM, 3a HaraeBO cejio Ha CTapo 6hjio okbo. H/jeT 
HeBecTaTa goiwa, Kanem Ha KOHa, noKpneHa co flyjiaK, a /jop^ar ^Bofina momhh 
ot CTpaHa, a HOcaT bo /jBoponre Ha ryMHaTa /jOMauiHH ot KyKaTa. Kora Ke /joht bo 
ryMHOTO flOManmo, Tpn noTa Ka boptht okoji... 
K. P. KaK o6nKajiaT? KaTO nacoBHHK hjih o6paTHOTO? 

B. M. Ka opoHO. Ka boptht opoHO. Ka opoHO Ka boptht KOHa Tpn noTa. TyKa Ka 
CJie3HT HeBecTaTa, OBne, rao a ,gop>KaT ca no6paTHMHTe, TaMO Kafi Mne KopranBMe 
jie6oHTe, flBofina no6pamMHTe, TyeKa Ka cne3eT, Ka a naKar no6paTHMKHTe, aK ce 
>KeHaTH MOMHHTe, aK ca 6eKapn - MafiKa My, aK ca epreHH. A TyKa nocne HeBecra- 

430 Becen6a 

HHHOBH 

432 6ynoTO Ha 6ynKaTa 
"' BtoptMceHHe 

255 



Ta cepn HaH03e nocne, >KeHHTe neaT, HeBecTHTe neaT, momhtc neaT, Tyica 3eMaeT 
epno Ma>KKO fleTyjie n ro bopbht Tpn noTa nop hcb Ha KOHbOT, e/jeH ro naKar, epen 
ro flaBaT, epno ^eTe Mano, Tpn noTa ro BopBaT nop Hero. 
K. P. AMa HeBecTaTa e Ha kohs? 

B. M. Cjie3eHa e. HeBecTara e ane3eHa, Tpn noTH KOHbOT, cctht, ro popyKm, nop 
Hero, nap Hero. TyKa nocjie a (Jjojiat HeBecTaTa b KyKH, >KeHHTe KpnaT, (...) He ce Ha 
Ctho MecTO, mo>kh h >kchh Ha epno MecTO, ... Ka 3acj)aTaeT pa BenepaeT, pyneK. Ka 
ce CTaBHT, Ka hht, (...) toh KyKHHKOT Tpn noTH HMa paHeHO CBaB^apHTe, Tpn noTH 
cocjjpa HMaT CTopeHO - Ha yrpo, pyneK h Benepa. CBHTe Tpn Baicro h Meco. A Tyica 
3a epen BaxeT - Ma3HHHH h cyxaBH Kopn. TyKa, Ka mo KopmHBMe Jibe6, pa pepnMe 
no6paTHMH 3a pa6oTa, >KeHe, MafiKH, cecTpe hhbhc, Tea cyneT bo CTpe/ja, cyneT h 
neneT KopnTe, 3a pa ca totobh 3a Ma3HHHHre, 3a bo nepenma. 
K. P. Kaypnre Kora a bo/hit Ha n^pKBa HeBecTaTa? 

B. M. SI 3HaM cape, mo HMaM BH/jeHO... n'bpKBara e onpe nop KyKaTa EHBepoBa 434 , 
nap KyKH moh, Kae cyM raiBejia, He 3Haa... rn Hocea, He rn Hocea b ntpKOB... b 
ceno Haiue, MeHe bo M03roT pa mh e ocTaHaTO, pa HMaM naMeT mo HeBecTaTa rn 
Hocea b m>pKOB, a BeHnanoTO - poMa - Tea ro 3HaM. Ji,OMa - pyKe Ka npeBMe OBpe, 
mo Ka3BaB, TypHH h Kaypn e/maKBO ro npaBea, ma BJie3e HeBecTaTa b KyKa, Tora 
a BeHnaaT... 
B. T. Kofi a BeHnae? 

B. M. SI BeHnaeT, ponpe HeBecTaTa poMa, a HOceaT Kan Homnre, mo popmnMe 
6pauiHOTO, He 3HaM, HMa MJiory MaiiKO naMeT - fi pepea jieGonre Ha raaaTa, pyBO- 
to KaypcKO He Ka HameTO, KonpaTa e co pe3KHTe nymeHH ponrn, TyKa Kan Komyjia- 
Ha, noacoT HMa pe3KH ponrn mhoto. KopnaTa TaK e npoini 435 , OBpe npaBeHH, He ot 
Koca, TyKy ot KOHon nr>pH, TyKa b cjpepa KaypKHre epno JibeKne, epno pnnap*ie, 
napa, ajin CTpe6peHa, ajrraHeHa... JIe6oHTe rn pe/jar Ha raaaTa, TyKy He 3HaM ko- 
jibKy Tpna, neTa, epena, He 3Haa... a TepaeT, KaKO mo e HaH03e HeBecTaTa, co po- 
KaTa pa 3aMecn tccto, TyKa Kan BeHnajiom Bjiene epno peje, hoch epno peje Kan 
Hea, ce^Be HeBecTaBa Ha najieuiHHK, ... bo BeHnajiOBO He 3HaM. IlajieuiHHK, Mne 
ro BejiHMe, pajiOBO, Ka cepne Tpn noTa HeBecTaTa, Ka CTaHe Ha pajiOTO, fi cepBaer, 
Ha CKyT fi cepBaer epno peje... Ha najieuiHHK. 5Kejie30HO. Ha >Kejie30TO, He pp"b- 
BeHOTO.. Ha najieumnKOT, caMO Ha najieumnKOT. Hne OBe ro npaHMe HHe TypHH, b 
CreGjieBO, CMe ro npacne Tea, Ka My neeT, pypn e noKpneHa co flyjiaK. nocjie OTKa 
Ka 3a6jie>KHT HOKbTa, iue ce 3aTBopaT 3eTOT co HeBecTaTa, fi ro CTaBaeT pynaKOT, 
Torani HHe ce/jBaMe Ha najieniHHK HeBecTaTa, h HHe TypHH a ce/jBaMe HeBecTaTa 
Ha najieuiHHK. H /jOHeceT najieniHHK menesen, Ha Hea Ka cepne Tpn nora, Ha CKyT 
fi pepaj epno fleTyne, MncnaM caKaT pa pennr, ne nbpBO pa e m^^kko... CaKaM pa 
penar. Mo>KeT 3a Tea pa e 6npeno TyKa. A noc-nenra Ka neaT, Ka ce 3aTBopar HeBec- 
TaTa co 3eTOT h TyKa 3aTBopaT CBafl6ara. A yTpHHTa nocne b noHe/iejiHHKOT. 



434 KbiuaTa Ha EHBep Tpypa. h ceMeMcTBOTO My e tohho nop mactoto, Ki^eTO ce e HaMiipa- 
na utpKBaTa „Cb. HiiKona" b c. CTe6neBO. 

435 ycyicaHO 

256 



B. T. Xo/jaT Kafi MafiKa fi h TaTKO fi? 

B. M. noHe/jejiHHKOT He oht Kafi Hac Kafi MafiKa fi h TaTKO fi, a Ha Tpn #hh ce 
Bpainar Ha nopBHH, a Ha yTpHHra Ka pa3TypBaT, Ka no/japoBar cbocto, mo HMaT, 
Ha CBOHTe, Toraui Ka BJie3HMe mie Kafi HeBecTaTa, Ka ce CTaBHHi co HeBecTaTa, 
Taa Ke Te no3/ipaByBaT, a no3flpaBeHneTO 6erae Tpn nora H&nyBa poKa, a Tora Kafi 
HeBecTaTa He ce oh 6oih, /jaBam, mo th jieTHe HacopHe - napa, mo Ke HMani, aMa 
He co cyBa poKa. TyKa Ka ce co6epar naK CBofiHHTe, mo 3hoht, HMaT ^apoBe, ce... 
bo neTOK HaBenep bo /jeBofiKara ce Ka>KBeT mo HMaT 3a HOceHbe, mo HMaT 6paHO 
h roMHaTO, mo Ka 3eMar no Hea, Kae Ke oht Kafi ^eTeTO. nocne Ka oht Ha Boaa, h 
hocht e/mo fleTyjie h e/mo /jeBofine, e/mo Mtacicyjie h e/mo momhhc MajienKO, Ka 
OflaT HaneuiMa, TaMO Ka h HanojiHar n6pHHHBe Ha HeBecTaBa... 
B. T. CaMa jih e co /j>KarypHHa? 

B. M. He, co 6pofi, co 6pofi, Ka oht Maacn, >kchh, 6jih3hhtc, 6jih3hhtc, /jafioBHH, 
My/pKOBHn, ByfiKOBHH, CBeKopoT, CBeKopBaTa, 30JiBHTe, 6paTa, cecTpn, mo HMaT 
poflHHHa h Tya HeBecTaTa Ka My TypBar BO/ja Ha cbhtc H /j3aMHHOT, mo ce mhct 
33aMHHOT, Ka 3eMeT e/ma... mo HMaT 3e/jeHO ot aoMa, Tea ro 3HMaT Tofi, /ja ch ce 
6pHuiHT... Ilocjie ce BpamaT Ha3aa romsl h eraBaT KyKHHBe, HMa ... ocTaHaTO, Ke 
nopyHBar, ap,ej, Ke nrpar, co /japoBH, mo ch aohccht HeBecTaBa. Ilocjie ce Bpama- 
eT Ha3a^, HOcaT TonaHHTe h 6afipaKOT, ce BpamaT HaMecTO, ot Kafi ro 3e/joa. H to- 
naHHTe Ka rn HOcaT /jOMa, TaMO co TynaHbe noTeM ce oht h ce BptmaeT, jiio/niBe 
ce BptmaeT /jOMa. Tye npaBO, nocne miBajiOTO. 
B. T. KaKBH necMH ce neexa? 

B. M. IlecMH ce neejin 6yrapcKH ot CTapo, ot erapo, Kafi Hac, no apHayrcKO mo 
HMaM nyeHO no pa/mo, no CTapnre... MJia/jnBe ynar apHayrcKO. 
B. T. 3Haera HaKoa necMa 6yrapcKa ot CBaT6a? 

B. M. ByrapcKO... mo 3a... Cnymafi cera, HMaT necMH, Kora MecnMe Ha BenepTa, 
Kora ce MecaT jieGonre, HMa necMa mo ce bcjiht - Bopro, no-6opro /ja 3acj)aTHMe, 
OTKa MecnMe npecHH jie6on, 6opro no-6opro, 3a /ja noHMe, p,a 3aKannMe npecHO 
cnpeHbe, OTKa MecnMe npecHH jie6on... IU,o He/jofi/je p,a noMOKHin, hmcto ot p,e- 
BofiKara, mo ce mo>kht, nocne TyKa BpamaT - 3amo a6ep He mh CTopn, ce cnaBHT 
hmcto ot fleTeTO. -3 th nyiuHB no ctpoShhrot, TyKa ce Bpama nocne - CTpofiHHK 
a6ep He mh /ja/je, 3amo ch ro Ha.niOTH.no... 
B. T. A Ha KaKBa Mejio/jna? 
B. M. E... HeMa... (3anaBa) 

- 3aMecHBMe JieGonre, afi Hama hcbccto, 

3am ne flofi/je 3a noMoacnra, afi Hama HaBecTO? 

- 3am hh a6ep th He CTopn, ope JiyflO fleTe? 

- 5i th nyniHB no CTpofiHHKO, afi Hama hcbccto. 

- CTpofiHHK a6ep He mh CTopnn, ope Jiy/jo p,ene. 436 

TyKa nocne Kora ce neneT noranara HaBenep HMaT necMe... He3Haa ot CTapa, KaKBH 



436 B>k. neceHJVoH. 

257 



ce, 3Haem CMe qyjiH Ha pa^HOHO, neaT h ohh ot OH/je rpa/nifflia, h neaT h Tna, e 

cea - ce Haiun, ce hhbhh... a Ha MO>Ke 3a 3HaM. 

B. T. ,H,o6po p,e, aMa e acHO, ne HMajio necHH ot CTapnTe, kohto ca ch caMO CTe6- 

JieBCKH... 

B. M. Mne HHHHMe, Mne /jeica CMe neejin aoMa, hhhhmc, ^eica ca Haiun necMH. 
Kofi neaji, ot Kan ce /joeHH, cthh Tocnofl 3HaHT, HHe hh th. Bne ro 6apaTe Tea. 
B. T. HaMa jih necMa KoraTO HeBecTaTa a H3Be>KflaT Ha koh, HMa jih necMa hjih 

CBHpH My3HKa? 

B. M. HMar necMa, TyKy, ho He Mora a p,a a /jOHeca Tyica... Ko a KanBar HaKOHa, 
MHCJiaM, ce neerae e/nia necMa Kan Hac - aK p,a 6eme ce 3a6aBee CBaTOHTe, Tora ica 
neeBMe HHe goMa - LU,o mh y6aBO Ka CBaTOBe, opn hcbccto, jxyp 3e aocjjajia OT6a6o, 
ks peneme hmcto ot 3Ctot. JJp. /jofi/ia. J\& Me CTopn Taa y6aBa, 3a 3a 6era Tyica Taa 
(...) Tora. Kora n/jeT noane /jOMa ce neeT - Cne3H, cne3H HeBecTO ot 6op3a KOHa. 
B. T. ,H,afi MenoflHaTa Majnco? 
B. M. He^opaca HayM KaKO JiacjjOBH, 3a #a HCTaa.... 

E Te o6jiaic, op HeBecTO, h poca no Hero. 

Ka TH CKHCHHT, Op HCBCCTO, HOpBCHHOT flyjiaK. 

Afi/je CJie3HH, op HeBecTO, ot 6op3aro KOHa. 
5i He cjiara bht fioHara ot 6op3aro KOHa. 
Ch hh Ka^Kan tokko 3Jiaro, He ch mh ro /jajio. 437 
Buojiema Mypamoea, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



Becejnca ToHneBa: 5i mh ica>KH KaK ch ce aceffluia, KaKBO 6erae th icaro ce >kchh? 

Xarajxace MypaTH: Co CBaaGynbne, Kaxo ro BHKaTe, co Tonami, co My3HKa. Kaxo 

6enie Tora, y6ao, mjioto. 

B. T. Kojiko JieHa 6erae CBaT6aTa. 

X. M. Illec, ce^yMTa, ot HManie h aecerra aeHa, jjBe He/jejiH, Kaxo BHKaTe. (...) 

OoTorpacjjHa HMaM co pyBO. Harae pyBO Jieno, y6aBO. Ofl HeBecTa. 

B. T. Ce, mo e Ha Hea, ce BHica pyBO? 

X. M. fla. 

B. T. A Tyica nocne - Komyna jih e? 

X. M. Komyna, Tyica flpyrn pa6oTH BHKaMe, aHTepna, noac, napTa, nanpa3H, nan- 

pa3HHa, rep^aHH, mjioto pa6oTH. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: A TOBa OTnpefl (t.c npecTHJucara)? 

X. M. BoicqaHHHa, 6oioieHHna. Iloac, napTa, nanpa3HHa, rep/jaHH, ajrn>HH... 

B. T. Ha yuiHTe ce BHKaT ajirtHH. 

X. M. Ajitbhh, nopcTeHH. 

B. T. Tyica Ha ptneTe (rpHBHH)? 

X. M. He, Tyica He, caMO nopcTeHH h ajiTBHH. 

B. T HtpcTeHHTe 3JiaTHH jih? 



437 B>k. neceH JVe27. 

258 



X. M. Crpe6po, HeMaiue ajirbH Torara, caMO CTpe6po. 

B. T. A noaca KaKbB e hbst, nepBeH jih e, KaKbB e? 

X. M. ITohcot ro BtpTeBMe, HtpBeH, HtpBeH. AHTepnaTa HtpBeHa, 6oKHara Htp- 

BeHa, 6oKHeHHiiaTa, HtpBeHa, CBeTe, napTara HtpBeHa, maMJina HtpBeHa. (...) Bo- 

/jar kohh, e/jeH Ma* /rbp>KH ot OB/je, e/jeH Ma* ot OB/je, KaiH Ha 6paT... 

K. P. A axo HeMara 6par? 

X. M. KyiuepHH, Kaxo BHKare BHe? HbpBH GpaiyBHe/i. Ako HeMa 6paT, /jafioT, Ke 

Te Hocar Kafi Ma>KOT. 

B. T. Ke Te 3eMar ot tboa aom? 

X. M. Ot 30Ma, goMa, np,er co My3HKe, co Ttnami, Kafi BHKaTe BHe. 

B. T. Co My3HKa, KaKBa e My3HKara - TonaH h mo? CBHpica? 

X. M. CBHpKa. 

B. T. KaK ce BHKa CBHpKaTa? 

X. M. CBHpKa. CBHpKa h TbnaH. ,H,Ba TonaH h ppe cbhpkh. H hrq TaMO h Te hoch 

Kafi Ma>KOT. 

B. T. Opo ce nrpae? 

X. M. Opo, opo, Te TOJibKaBH, CBeKaKBO. 

B. T. KaKBH opa, Kami mh HMe? 

X. M. HeMaT HMe, Haopo ro BejiHMe, Haopo, Ke CKaKaiu, HeMax.. 

B. T. ToBa Hem,o, /jeTO TyKa th e 3aKpHTO, Kora ro MaxaT? 

X. M. Ot Ke rjiaBara 30 aojry, Ke ohiu Kafi Ma^KOT, HeKora e 6hjio, Ke cenm p,o Kora 

ce ceaar p,a HrpaeT jno/niTe, hokh, Ke cenm noKpneHa, npep, /ja 6eraeT jno/jHre, Ke 

th ro HCTaeT e/jHO fleTe, /jeTe, KaKO ro BHKaTe BHe, Ke th ro HCTaeT e/nio fleTe, Ke ch 

HaKTaeT MafiKaTa ot Ma^KOT, THe ch 3HaeT, Koe Ke ch HMara tboc H th noane TaKa 

ch MHacHin, 3a Te BiDK/jaeT THe, m,o ca /jofiflemi HarocTH, a He ro BHKaTe tocth. 

B. T. Tne ca /joihjih Ha CBaT6a, a h&ji p,en He ca Te bhacjih? 

X. M. He, He, He, He. Kora Te rn HCTaeT pynojo, Torafi Ke Te bh/hi Hapo/jOT, cbh- 

tc. 

B. T. He a/jem, mt>jihhih, ueji p,ea... 

X. M. HnaHHin, 6eram ot Kafi MafiKa. JIbeno e 6np,eiio. Cera 6ejio Bajio, Ke ce 

CMenT HeBecTaTa, Ke nrpar, Ke CKaKar. HeKora 6erae Jibeno. 

B. T. na He e jih 6hjio tokko 3a HeBecTaTa? Heji ^eH ce/jH... 

X. M. Mkjihh, h flpyrnoT Kora Ke CTaHHiu, Ke ch mkuhhih, Ke ccthih TyKa... 

B. T. J\o Kora mijJihhih? 

X. M. Tofi fleH Ke ce MaacHiu, h /jpyrnoT p,eH mkjihhih, ce H^eT Hapofl /ja Te bhx- 

flaT, fla BH/niMe HeBecTaTa, ch 3eji HeBecTa - #a BH/niMe KaKBa e. Ke mkuhhiu, 

nocjie... Berae Jibeno HeKora CBa6/jaHa, MO^KanKaHa... 

K. P. A BO^a nnera jih KaTO ch TaKa? 

X. M. He, He, hhiho. Bo^a nofl ^yjiaK- He! 

B. T. KaTO ce aceHHiu npe/jH TOBa ch CBi>piHeHHK h CBi>piHeHHHa, kojiko BpeMe npe/i 

TOBa? 

X. M. Ot Kora Ke ce CBtpiuniu? E/nia ro^HHra, /Hie to/hihth ch CBtpraeHa. 



259 



B. T. Kojiko MO)Ke Hafi-MHoro? 

X. M. HMar CBeKaKBO, a ct>m ce/jejia neT ro/jHHH CBtpnieHHna! HMar CBeKaKBO, 

HMaT ro/jHHara h ce Ma^cHiu, Kaxo My e pa6oTara Ha hobckot. 

B. T. Maincara n TaTKOTO Kora peiuaT 3a ce npaBii CBaT6a, Harm? 

X. M. Kora ice ce croTBar. CaKar napn CBa6flara. 

B. T. H Kora nonBa CBaT6aTa, Kofi /jeH nonBa Bene /ja ce npnroTBa? 

X. M. Bo neTBtpTOK 6erae MO^KanKara Kafi Hac. HeTBtpTOK Ke KHHHca CBa6fla, Ke 

BHKara jiioflH, b Helena Ke 3eMera HeBecTaTa. 

K. P. EflHO BpeMe MOxaMeaaHHTe Ha flacaMna xo/jexa jih hjih xoflacara H/jeme 

Tyxa? 

X. M. Ha /pKaMHfl? O/pKara H/jeine flOMa. HeKora. 5i 3HaM Ha ^KHBorra Moa, He 

3HaM Ha >KHBOTTa TBOa. (...) 

B. T. Ka>KH mh cera 3a CBaT6ara - jie6oBeTe Kora rn npaBexTe? Koh /jeH? 
X. M. He, He no-Hanpe^. CTpe^a, no-Hanpe/j. 

B. T. KaKBH xjia6oBe ce npaBexa? HMaine jih hckoh Taxa no- 3a CBaT6a p,a e Taica? 
X. M. HMaiue, pe/jeBMe momhhc co HecBtpmeHO, /jeBofine, KaK ro BHKaTe, p,a He e 
CBtpinemiHa, Taa p,a MecH, pp. nenn, /nje-Tpn, jja MecHT jie6on, mhoto, Ke ape Jie6 
Hapofl, H/jeiue MaajiaTa. 

K. P. JIe6oBeTe HMaxa jih Hemo yKpaca Taxa orrope? 
X. M. JIe6. (...) He, He, ca^e noranaHa ot HeBeeraHa. 
B. T. A noranara ot HeBecTaTa, Ta e raapeHa? 

X. M. Co ntpcTeH... cneHHaneH, co TonajibKHHs. nopcTeH, eBe ntpereHOT, eBe, 
nejia norana, pBe norann, co pep ce npaBH, npaB. OBa cera opar Kafi HeBecTaTa, 
Kafi MOMHHKara TaMO, CBopraeHHHaTa Ke ce Maacn, ofi/jaT pa 3eMaT HeBecTaBa, oht 
h noranaBa TaMO, co jhojihmh. J\rq npaHMH HHe, e/piaBa OB^e Kafi Ma>KOT nora- 
naBa, cera OBa Kafi HeBecTaBa, Kora Ke H36eraT HeBecTaBa ot powa, Ke a Kopran 
napnejiHHa... 
B. T. Kofi a Kopran? 

X. M. )KeHa, Ke a Kopmii, ot Temjna, Ke a c;ipo6HT, Ke a 3eMeT aceHara TencnaBa 
h Ke a H3Jie3eT Ha naTOH, Ke 6eraeT jiioiiHTe, Ke 3eMaeT cbhtc no ctho Kocane, pa 
BH/jar noranara ot HeBecTaTa. J\& 3eMar, CBeKofi 3a 3eMaT, n /jpyrara ot Kafi MaacoT 
a koch flpyrno peii, Kofi Ke povipe pa a bh^ht HeBecTaTa - My /jaBar no epHO nap- 
He, Majio, Kora ce moxch HeBecTa, wpaj mjioto mopw... 3a pa BH/jar KaKBa norana 
MecHJin, y6aBa jih. 

B. T. Ot 30Ma th KaTO en th HeBecTa, Kofi Te H3Be)K3a? TaTKO th? 
X. M. Te HCTaBa 6paTOT, aKO HMaui, aKO HeMara - 6paTy*iep, He TaTKO, hh MafiKa, 
njianaT cbhtc 

B. T. A panw e HMajio necMa? 

X. M. Tye - He, Kafi MaacoB necMaTa e, /jomot Ha MaacoT. 
B. T. Kafi TBofioT pom - Hma necMa. 

X. M. HjiaHaT, Ta>KHO e. Ch 6eraeT, a y6aBO ce noro/niiu Kafi moxcot... nocjie HHe 
MJiory pa TerjiHMe - He ce TporaaMe! He ce flejiHMe, h pa Te 6ne Ma>KOT, HeMa Tpo- 
iuanKa, /jejianKa HeMa! (...) 

260 



K. P. TaKOBa icaro hhkhcJ) npaBH jih ce, toh MOJiHraa jih neTe hjih KaKBO? 

X. M. He3HaM Ka npan, p,e /ja 3HaM. 5i TaMO 3aTBopeHa goMa. Bo KyxaTa. AMa He- 

BecTaBa e bo KyxaBa BHaTpe, toh bo /jpyrara Kyica. 

B. T. Th He ro BHacaani xoaacara? 

X. M. He. Hh MaacoB, MaacHre. 

K. P. A HMa jih aceHH TaM xo/jacara KaTO neTe hjih caMO MtaceTe? 

X. M. CaMO Maacn (Ka3Ba ro thxo— 6eji. B. T.) 

B. T. A Kan MaacoT My3HicaTa KaKBO CBHpn? 

X. M. TonaHOT h CBHpKaTa, e Tea. 

B. T. Th KaTO ora/jem bo /jomot Ha MaacoT, Te cpema HeroBaTa Mafiica? 

X. M. Kora Ke /jon/jem, Taa Te cpeTHe... 

B. T. Te6e h MaacoT? 

X. M. He, He MaacoT, MaacoT TaMO ce/jH, He ce BHac/jaT Maacox 

B. T. HaiiH MaacoT wp,e /ja a B3eMe Hea ot hchhhot #om? 

X. M. He, He, He MaacoT, (jjapara HHBHa, po/mHHHre ot Maacox 

B. T. H MafiKara ot Hero caMO Te6e Te cpema? 

X. M. Kora Ke non/ja TaMO Kan Hea... 

B. T. Hemo flaBa jih th? 

X. M. He, He, He, tojiko. 

B. T. IU,o ce npaBH KaTO BJiroam? 

X. M. He 3HaM KaKO p,a Kaaca, He 3HaM. Ka th 3aMecH tccto h th Ke ro KJia/niiu Ha 

BpaTara, rope, MajiKO. 

K. P. E/ihh hbt jih npaBHiu? 

X. M. Tpn naTH, Ha dpe/jara, Ka^e caKa, Ka^e p,a e, rope. 

B. T. 3amo ce npaBH TOBa Hemo? 

X. M. 3a 6epnKeT, p,a HMaT KyKH, j\a. 3eMara 6epeKeT, p,a /jOHecHT HeBeeraTa. Mjioro 

y6aBO. BpauiHO, HanpanT ro tccto, MeKO. 

B. T. KBaceHO hjih HeKBaceHO? 

X. M. He, He, 6paniHyjie, TecTyjie. BpauiHyjie co Majio BO/ja. 

B. T. nocjie KaTO BJie3era KaKBO - a^eHe, nneHe? 

X. M. He, He. 

B. T. A Kora ce a/je h ce nne? 

X. M. Kora Ke H3Jie3eT napop,, jiioiiHTe MHoro, Kora Ke H36eraeT jnomrre, a/jeT, 

nnex 

B. T. A th He! 

X. M. He th flaBaex 

B. T. A TaMO jih ce/niiu? 

X. M. B Kyica, b KyKH. BHaTpe. (...) He e hcji ^eH, Heji ^eH cemnu TaMO Kan Man- 

KaTa, Kan 6a6oT, TaTKO. 

B. T. A KaTO ceflHin Kan Mainca th h neKara, caMO ceanui? HMa jih Hemo TaM? 

X. M. H TaMO HfleT, nneT, tocth. 

B. T. 3a6paBHx p,a nHTaM - Ha npe/niaTa Benep, npep,, HMa jih Kan ManKa th, Kan 

tbohot flOM, HflBa jih HaKOH Kan Te6e? 

261 



X. M. fla. 

B. T. IU,o ce npaBH? 

X. M. Hhiu,o, ce/jeT, ce 6epeT niopjne Tya... 

B. T. J\& th npaBaT KOcaTa? 

X. M. IIpOTIIH, BHKaMe HHe npoTiiH. 

B. T. Kocara OTnpefl ot /jBeTe CTpaHH ce ycyKBa. 

X. M. Ce^eM, Tye ceaeM, Tye ce/jeM, npcarin, ce/jeM, /jeBeT, no KOcaTa, KaKBa a 

HMam KOcaTa. Ako HMara y6aa Koca - noBeKe. 

B. T. ToBa th npaBaT MOMHieTara, npnaTejiKHTe, He Mainca th? 

X. M. He, He, ManKara He 3eMar Tyexa oho... 

B. T. A Hemo fla ce Banua, hbctot Ha KOcaTa? 

X. M. He, He. (noica3Ba pi>neTe) 

B. T. Tyica ce Banna, KaK ce BHica TOBa Hemo? 

X. M. KoHa, a BHKaTe KaHa, KtHa. 

B. T. KaKbB HBeT? 

X. M. HtpBeH, KapMt3i> (xe. no-rtMHO nepBeHO - Sen. B.T.) 

B. T. A KaK ce BHKa Taa Benep? 

X. M. HaKbHa, Ke n/jeMe HaKOHa, ro 3HaHMe hhc 

B. T. A caMO TyKa Ha hokthtc jih? H TyKa - OTBtTpe? 

X. M. H TyKa Ky th npanr. 

B. T. Kofi ro npaBH TOBa Hemo? )KeHa HeKoa? 

X. M. )KeHa, >KeHa. 

B. T. He MO)Ke ceKofi? 

X. M. He. 

B. T. Kofi a BHKa Taa )KeHa? 

X. M. )KeHa ot 6paryne/iaT, ot (jjapara TBoa. 

B. T. A HMa jih necMa, neaT jih? 

X. M. He, He, caMO Kan Ma>KOT, Tya He. Cera npaar necMe, aivia npe^ He. 

B. T. A cera aajin hm npaBaT KbHa? 

X. M.Cera He. (...) 

B. T. Th Koraro jja ce Ma^KHin, HMam npnroTBeHO TaKHBa pa6oTa #a ch rn hochui 

Kan Ma^KOT, KaK ce BHKa? Py6a, neH3? 

X. M. Py6a. 

B. T. Tn caMa jih npaBnm? 

X. M. npaa a a, j\a. a Hoca TaMO. npaa a a Kan MafiKa mh. 

K. P. MafiKa th He th jih noMara? He Te jih ynn? 

X. M. Me ynar THa, a a npaa a. 

B. T. Kojiko, MHoro jih Tpa6Ba 3a e? 

X. M. HeMarae Kapyna, co KOHb. He, co KOHb. 

B. T Ha kojiko KOHa? 

X. M. KojibKO Ke Hanpaniu, Tea mo Morniue, a no-cnpoMa... 

K. P. y py6ara KaKBO HMa? 



262 



X. M. CBe, CBe. TKaeiu, nmeiii, njieTeiu. 3a (jjapara ot Ma>KOT, p,a My /jaBam, p,a 

My hochiu. 3a Ma>KOT 6eme ntpBa pa6oTa, TyKy... ,H,apoBH. 3a (jjapara ot Ma>KOT, 

3a (jjapara ot CBeicop, Kaxo ro BHKaTe Biie, 3a (jjapara ot CBeKopBaTa, caKani, th 

npaiuaT TBoe, aMa HMame, HeMara, Ke KynBam. 

K. P. Karo ora/jar b Kbmara Ha momhcto? Hjih BtTpe y Kyiorra? 

X. M. Ako e y6aBO BpeMeTO Hamsop, axo He - BHaTpe, axo p,a HMame icyKH mhoto, 

HMarae h BHaTpa. IIo JiioaHTe, mhoto jho/hi, He 3eMar BHaTpe. 

B. T. Hejio ceno HiiBa? 

X. M. Ca^e (jjapara. 

B. T. Kofi KaHH? 

X. M. CeKofi HeroBaTa (jjapa. 

B. T. Kofi e KyM, kohto e 6hji KyM Ha MaMica th h TaTKO th hjih icaic? 

X. M. KyMOT, mo 6hji Ha MafiKa mh, Ha Tarico mh, e KyM moh, KyMOT, mo 6hji Ha 

Ma^KOT, ch e HeroB, TaMO Kan Heronre, h TaMO Kan MeHe ce^eme mohot KyM, Kan 

Hero - HeroBHOT. 

B. T. ,3,o6pe p,e, aMa Ha Bac, Ha Te6e h Ha tbohot Maac, koh Ke bh 6wp,e KyM, He 

MO)Ke flBaiiHa KyMOBe? 

X. M. 5i ch ro HMaM, MeHe mh KyM e mohot KyM, He jih bh KyM Ha Bac, KaKO ro 

BejiHTe? 3eMaT Koca, Koca. 

B. T. Kora th B3HMa Koca? 

X. M. Kora ch Majiemca. H ch ro HMam KyM. 

K. P. KaK TH 3HMa Koca, KaK TH 3HMa? 

X. M. CeKaKO, h ot rcuieMa, h ot flecerra romiH th 3eMa, h ot miaficeTTa to/ihh, 

th 3eMar, no... cera rn TpoTHBMe, HeMaMe hh KyMOBe, hh hhiho, HeMaMe... He 3HaM 

HHmo. 

B. T. H nocjie KaTO ch H/iar tocthtc, MaxaT th ro TOBa h ch 6eraT, a My3HKara h th 

jih ch 6era? 

X. M. My3HKaTa ^pyrnoT p,en ch 6era, ocTaBaT, nrpar CBa hok, nrpar jho/jhtc 

Kyiorra, (jjapara, tbohtc Jiiomi... YTpHHTa Ke ch 6erar, toh Ke My /jaaaT nafioT, 

flapoHTe, h ch 6erar. 

B. T. Th pene Jie6oBe, a mo flpyro ce 5me? Ce kojih Tejie, ape? 

X. M. CBe, mo HMa. Ha CBa6flara bojiot HMaT. Bojiot. BojiOBHHa. KpaBa, iohhh. 

B. T. KaK ce totbh, nop6a? 

X. M. Hop6a, bo Ka3aHH. Boaa, coji h kpomh^. nmiacj), opro. rpacjjie. Cocjjpara 

rpacjjne caKa. Co rpacjjne ohh Ke ce Haa/jar. Hace e mccoto. Co BO^a, c BOHHa, co 

KpoMH^ne, Jieno Meco Ha CBa6aa, Jieno Meco mhoto, y6aBO. 

K. P. A 3a nneHe, KaKBO ce nne? 

X. M. HeMa, He ce nne. HeMaine HaBpeMeTO, cera naeHbe Mope nneHbe HMar. Cera 

e CBa6/ni, HeMaine HaBpeMeTO, Heono3HHe e nneHeTO, CBe e CKpneHO, bo opMaHa. 

Cera ce pa3Typn. (...) Hhiho, BOHHa, MomeHHHa, KaKO He, aKO caKam nnfi Bee iieH 

MOTeHHHa! 

B. T. A Ha flpyrno /jeH mo ce npaBH? noraiara ce aaBa, kohto e Kafi Ma^KOT? 



263 



X. M. Ila 6eraiu. Kafi aeTeBO ppymoj /jeH, Kafi Ma>KOT ppymoj /jeH ce #aBa no- 

ranara. 

B. T. A Kora xo/jnin nocne Kafi MafiKa ch? 

X. M. Ha Tpn fleHa. Ma5KOT He, co jhoah, co fleBeT ayniH, /nmHaficeTra flyinn, 

TpHHaficeTTa jxyuiw, n Ma>Ke, h >kchh, ot (jjapara ot Ma^KOT. O/ja a co mopeTQ ot 

Ma>KOT Kafi MafiKa mh h TaTKO mh, 6e3 Ma>KOT, TaKa 6eme. 

B. T. MafiKa th bh nocpema? >IaeHe? 

X. M. Hp,eHbe, Meco, CBe, GaicnaBH. Ha Tpn /jhh noane o/jnin Kafi MafiKaTa. Ke 

BHKaeT, Ke flofi/je /ja BHKaeT Kafi CBeKopoT, Kafi CBeKopBaTa, Te caKaT co kojh>ko 

jho/jh, Ke th Kame co KOJibKO jho/jh h Tofi Ka ch cnpan TaM /jeBeT ayinn, h p,a HeMa, 

Ke ch Hafi^e. 

B. T. MafiKa th h TaTKO th Ka3Bar co kojiko jho^h? 

X. M. Kojiko Jiio/ni th caKax Ot Kafi Ma^KOT, ot Kafi CBeKop h CBeKopBa. MafiKaTa 

Ke CH BHKHe HHBHHTe TaM. 

B. T. A MO>Ke jih CBeKopoT h CBeKopBaTa p,a /jofiflar? 

X. M. Te o/jar. H flpyrn. BpaTOT ot CBeKopoT, 6paTOT ot MafiKaTa, ot CBeKopBaTa, 
/jafioB/iacHHfl, flafifl^KO 438 , flafio, KaKO BHKaTe Bne, 6paT ot MafiKaTa, Byfino. 
XamudoKe Mypamu, c. Cmedneeo, 18.06.2004, 3an. B. Tomeea, K. Pamonee 



BecenKa ToHieBa: Kami cera ntpBO, cbhpkh, BHKara nypjin? 

OepHT ByraaTH: Cbhpkh, no, nypjin, cbhpkhtc hm BHKaBMe HHe nypjin. 

B. T. Kofi CBHpH? 

O. B. HMaBMe MaficTop ot cejiOBO, mo ro BHKaBMe MaficTopoT, Mne hm BHKaBMe 

erconHH, THe HMae h TonaHOT, mo 6yMBaeT, h CBHpKaTa, h 6ee pps TonaHH h /jBe 

cbhpkh. H e/jeH fleH npep, /ja 3eMaMe HeBecTaTa, bo co6oTaTa, bo OBaa BpeMe Benep 

noranaTa ce npaBerae. 

B. T. Kb/je ce npaBH, Kafi HeBecTaTa, b /jomot Ha HeBecTaTa? 

O. B. HeBecTaTa, HeBecTaTa ch 6enie Kafi 6a6a fi, Kafi TaTKa fi. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: Ha momhcto b KyKaTa? 

O. B. Kafi MOMneTO, pa, h Ka o/jeBMe h Ka ce co6epee, Ka /jofie (jjape (Jjhcot, iho fla 

pennm CBoeTO, TBofiTa poflHHHa h p,ero pe/jeme 6npa/i3ep, co KtpB... 

B. T. no6paTHMH. 

O. B. BHpafl3epe, o,geBMe ceTHe Kafi MaficTopHre pa 3eMeMe ne/jeceT-CTO flymn 

MO)Ke 3a 3eMeMe, aceHHTe co njiaiKHTe op mccto, njisinKH 3a (jjeera, nnswKH ot 

CTapn, h oaea TaMO, TynaHHTe Tynaa - 6a-6a-6a-6a, aa-ra-/ja-ra, ot TyeKa Ke ope- 

BMe Kafi 6afipaKOT. 

B. T. Kb/je e 6afipaKOT? 

O. B. BafipaKOT, HMarae e/jHa KyKa, pe o/jeme e/jeH 6afipaK bo CreGjieBO, aji6aH- 

ckhot 6afipaK, o/jeBMe TaMO co TynaHHTe, He H/jeBMe goMa bo KyKa, to npaBO Kafi 

6afipaKOT, 3eMeBMe 6afipaKOT, oaeme e/jHO p&tq, ctho momhc co 6afipaKOT, Hafi- 



264 



Hanpefl toh h cbbtc no Hero, TynaHirre TynaT, TynaT, goMa, Kafi momhcto. TyeKa ro 
BHeceBMe 6afipaKOT Ha KboraeTO ot KyxaTa, /ja ce BH/ja, h nocne OBa cbhtc Hrpae 
opo, Hrpae, Hrpae, Tynae, Hrpae flop rsl ce... HOKa, aKinaM 439 - ocyM caaTa, ce^yM, 
cera ocyM-/jeBeT, a/jeHe Benepa, THe, mo 6ea cbhtc flOH/jeHH. H nocne KHHHCBaeT 
fla flofifle h BHKaHHTe, h HeBHKaHHTC H THe, mo CMe rn BHKajie Ha CBaB^a... H/jea 
Tyexa h BenepTa cnpoTH Helena, CBa hoih ro caaTOT /jBaHaficeT CTaHBaT mokhtc, 
>KeHHTe Tye Hrpae, h mokhtc ce/majiH Ha ctojiobh h3 6axnaTa h Ke nrpar Oepnro 

CO... KaKTH e HMeTO KOHCTaHTHH... 

B. T. Axa, HaKOH Ke Ka>Ke — Ke nrpa BeccnnHa co KoHCTanrHH. 
<t>. B. OpraHH30Berae. 
B. T. ToBa Hemo e bo ca6oTa Benep? 

O. B. Bo co6oTa, h Ke HipaeT mojkhtc, ^ceHHTe, >kchhtc neea, mokhtc nrpar h 
nocne npefl p,a ce erypBar bo caaTOT /nmHaeceT nojmoK, ce neneiue noranara, 
Ha^Bop a CTaBa, TaM p,e e opoTO, nepenHara... 

B. T. Ce neneine noranara bo /jomot Ha momhcto, a Kafi HeBecTaTa hcto ce nene 
norana? 

O. B. TaMO Kafi HeBecTaTa norana - He, npaBea h Tna pyneK bo /jpyrara Kyica h p,a 
ch npaBH CBe, mo caKa, TyKy He co TonaHH, pyneK h pe/jKO HMaT hckoh My3HKa. 
Cera Ke ce H3nenH noranara. 
B. T. Kt^e ce nene? 

O. B. IioranaTa, Kafi opoTO, Kafi Momrre TaMO, Ke nrpaeT, Ke neeTe, bo /mopoB, b 
cpe/jeTO, fle Hne nrpaMe, Tora nrpaeT h aceHH, n mo>kh 3ae/mo, mo>kh h aceHe opo, 
He 6eme, Hrpae, Hrpae, TyKy kh ce H3nenH noranara, ce 6eraeT, ch o^ar cbhtc 
30Ma. Bo He/jejiflTa... 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: HaKafi ManKO cera, KaTO nrpaaT opoTO OTBapaT jih Bptm- 
hhkot, fla bh/jh HapoaoT noranaTa? 

CD. B. IIo, no, Ka a bh^ht neneHa n Kora nrpaeT, (JpptJiaT napn. 
K. P. Kt^e xBtpjiaT napn? 

O. B. 5i n th HrpaMe, njiainaivie Ha MaficTopnTe Ha hcjioto, /ja nrpaeT, #a ce Bece- 
jiht pa6oTaTa. .HpyrnoT p,en nocne, bo He/jenaTa, Ha caaTOT /jeceT-conHaeceT npe/i 
pyneK, o/jeT 3eMaeT HeBecTaTa. Co TonaHH, co cbhtc, ro caaTOT fleceT-e/mHaece, 
H^aT CBHTe, ca/je BHKaHHTe, THa mo CMe BHKajie, n HOcaT napnTe, CBeKofi hoch mo 
My flan Bor, My Tporan Ha cafi6naTa ot KyKaTa n op,w no HeBecTaTa. 5i 3eMaeT He- 
BecTaTa h ce mpyseT 6aHKeTOT co paKHa, co 6npa, ce Me3HHa, co... LU,o p,a caKam 
- Meco, afina, 6npa, paKHa, bhho. 
B. T. KaTO ce xo/m 3a HeBecTaTa - co My3HKaTa ce xo/m? Co erionnHTe, co Tona- 

HH? 

O. B. IIo, no, TaMO h/jct ot Kafi 6a6o fi, co erionHHTe, co CBaTOBnre, 3eMaT He- 
BecTHTe, HeBecTaTa ccgar Kafi 6aHKeTOT ce/jar, Kafi GamceTOT, a^eT. TaBOJinHa... 
Ce^HeMe h HeBecTaTa h Taa bo opoTO, aMa cera ce/meMe mo>kh h aceHH 3ae/mo, n 
Toraui h cera 3ae/mo ceaeMe, HeBecTaTa Moa, (j)H30T tboS Ha e/mo ryMHO, cbhtc 



439 Benep 



265 



Tyeica. E cera cafi6Ha ot Kyica KpeBaT... Afi^e /jo6pe aoiujih, eraHBeT h npep, cbhtc 
-flan qyKHHMe 3a ce6eTO, 3a MJia/jHBe, 3a HeBecTaTa! 
K. P. HeBecTaTa noKpiieHa jih e? 

O. B. HeMa noKpneHO, noKpneHO 6erae Ha rofliiHara neT/jeccTa, neT/jeceT n neT, 
Tora 6erae, Tora HMame flyBax, aMa Toa 6erae OTKora /jon/je napTHHTa He ocTan 
AyBaK Bene (CMax) OTKpneHa. H He ocTaBaiue flyBaic, 6aHKeTOT 6erae h CTaHBaeT 
fla nrpaeT, mo>kh, >kchh 3ae/jHO, hckoh Ka 3eMaMe Ha necMa, hckoh Ke nrpar e/jHO 
opo - (j)HJiaH, OBa, OHa, obh, OHa, neT caaTa, iuec caaTa, flyra p,owp,e... CTaHBaeT 
3eTOT h HeBecTaTa, nrpaeT opoTO hhbho, npep, CBHTe, Kan 6aHKeTOT. 
B. T. 3eTOT h HeBecTaTa ch HMaT opo hhbho? 

O. B. IIo, hhbho, ce BHKar opoTO ot... Ca^e ^BOHHa, Ke nrpaeT raa ^Bonna, Ke 
HrpaT, Ke My (jjojiar napn cbhtc, napn... 3amo HeBecTaTa HMa co Be.no, TyeKa h no- 
one Ke CTaHaT e hckoh hhbhh Ke HrpaT c hhmh, hckoh 6jih3ho hhbho, HeKoe CBoe 
hhbho h... HeBecTa Ke nonrpae c hhm... ch 6eraeT cbhtc aoMa. 
K. P. Bo kojiko nacoT rope-flOJiy? 

O. B. Ce CTeMHH, aKniaM, BHe KaK My Bejinre He 3HaM, aKinaM no TypcKH, Benepa, 
cohhcto 6era. H Tne ch 6eraT cbhtc, ch ocTaHar jHO/nrre ot Kyiorra caMO. 
B. T. A 3eTOT h HeBecTaTa? 

O. B. 3eTOT h HeBecTaTa ch BJia3aT b KyKH, jho/jhtc ot KyKaTa Hemo Moa6eT, hckoh 
6jih3Ch MHoro, HaKOH 6jih3hh jnoflH hhbhh, ome e/jHH ByiiKO, flano, ce,reT flo Hero. 
Ilocjie Ha caaTOT aeceT-e/nrHaece cnpora ... ro 3arBopna 3Ctot h HeBecTaTa. 
B. T. J\& en Jiarax 

CD. B. HeBecTaTa ce cen... no^npeHa Ha njianKHTe hch3hhh, ino flOHecna ot 6a6o n, 
no^npeHa Ktpiun cohhc cen h e nenT TyeKa )KeHHre, aceHnre hhbhhtc 6jih3hhtc 
nee Ha HeBecTaTa, Tye ce Majio... 
B. T. KaKBO necMa? 

<t>. B. IlecMa - Oh hcbccto e 3apaBa flornna, /jo6pe flonma, Ka th ce HHHeuie, 3aino 
tpoth 6a6o th, 3aino tpoth Mainca th, Ka a tpoth ManKa th, Ka a Tpora TaTKO th, 
mo a tpoth MaiiKH th, mo « TpoTH... ajie th e ^KajibHO... Taa aa ce HaMypra pa 
3anjianH.. (cMax) Cnpora hobckot, cnpoTH... Iioane en ce Topraex Afi^e Ke 3arBO- 
pnMe 3eTOT, (...) Tya Ke ce/jn Ke ce cpaMH HeBecTaTa, cranKara HeH3HHa... H nocjie 
OH^eKa Ha/jBop ce/nr 3eTOT bo cajiOHOT, Bpara 3aTBopeHa no-Hanpe/i, 3a no-Hanpe^ 
36opyBaM... Berae o/pKara Kan BpaTaTa Tye - 6yry6y!ry6y/ry... Beneine Heino.... 
B. T. HeTe Heino Ha 3Ctot npe/i BpaTaTa Ha HeBecTaTa? 

O. B. He HeBecTaTa, Ha 3eTOT bo cajiOHO, HeBecTaTa He a BH^K^a, oh Ha BpaTa n 
hckoh flpyrap 6npa3ep, hckoh BynKO, flano, 6a6o, ManKa TyeKa n o/pKara Ke My 
H3neerae ma n 3eTOT ... ^a BJiara BHaTpe, jiemrnHn My aaBaa... 
B. T. 3omo ro 6naT? 

O. B. KaKO Tpa^HTa pa BJie3e 3eTOT npn HeBecTaTa. 
B. T. BnaT ro pa BJiH3a, ne to He me... 
O. B. TaK e KaKO 3aKOH, Ke ro 3ajienn, Mapa Mapa 
B. T. IU,o 3Hann Mapa? 



266 



<t>. B. He chjiho. Tpa^HiiHa, 3aicoH, maxa, 3a iuaxa. H to mo 6eme pa6oTaTa. Bjie3e 
h BeKe... Ilocjie My /jaBaa Hemo 6jiaro sap, BpaTa, ot 3afl BpaTaTa. 
B. T. Kora nocjie? 

O. B. IIo non caax Hemo 6aicnaBa, Hemo 6jiaro. 
B. T. Ha Hero My Hocar, He Ha Hea? 

O. B. Ha /jBOHHara, epHO Hemo, chm6ojihk h ca6afijieTO HeBecTaTa CTaHerae npep 
CBHTe Hafi-paHO, ntpBa... (...) ... h Ka poiie /jchot Hefi3HHHTe niope - 6a6o, Mafixa, 
6para, Hemo cecTpn, mo HMame Hemo hch3hho TaMO h y caaTOT ocyM-^eBeT-fle- 
ceT -jaa HaraeaaeT (cmax). HbpBa Benep Ka ch noMimajia, Tyexa epHO Kacjje, Ke 
noce/jeT Mano Ha o6ep, h ch open. OBa 6erae CBaT6aTa. E/ma Helena nocjie oaeT 
Kan Mafixa h Ha nopBHie My BHicaMe HHe, nopBHHe... TaKa. OB^eKa Kan HaMH He 
ce TpoTHJie 440 , flexa, 3a pemiMe bo cejiOTO Hame - mo>kh, >KeHH Ha mia/ja e/jHH Moe 
pa CTopn OBa pa ce tpoth. H OBe ot Mopajib ro HMajie, cera Tocnofl TaMO ro HMane 
hk, ro HMane, 6iuie, He 6iuie mops aji6aHCKHre, BemiMe Mne, cera Mano ce pa3- 
cnnaHH, He op jioihoto, TyKy Majmo e npoMbeHO, HHe CTapn, 3amo He CMe yneHH 
TaKO, Tora 6eme no-... no-MopaiiHO, no-aK Mopaji, HeManie, cera He 3HaM, MeHe mh 
ce hhhh, cera e no-apHa >KHBOTTa, BroK/jare Ha/mop mhoto y6aBH pa6oTH, aMa h 

MHOrO JIOIHH.... 

(Pepum Eywamu, p. 1940 z. e c. Cme6neeo, o6p, ocnoeno, d-bpeocevicm, nopjuupoe- 
huk, om 1994 z. dKueee e Tupana; c. Cmediieeo, 20.06.2007, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. 
Panzonee 



2.3.3 Ceza u e Tupan ujnam kuhucciho cme6jieeu,ume ceaedume Ka Ha caio... 

Ca/jeTe nnpyuiH: CBaBaara y6aBa mhoto, cejicica CBar6a, cera h b TnpaH HMaT kh- 
HHcaHO CTe6jieBHHTe CBaB/jHTe Ka Ha ceno - co norana, e/ma Helena no-Hanpe/i Ka 
6epeT, Ka nrpaeT, Ka TynaeT, Ka neeT, ce o6jiaKaeT bo TnpaH co pyBO CTe6jieBCKO, 
toh mo HMaT - ce o6jiaKaeT, to mo ch BH/jejia th, ce mhoto Jibeno, mo HMaT khhh- 
caHO h b TnpaH pa ro npaBHT, nen Ha HauiHOT h3hk Ha 6yjirapcKH. (...) Aji6aHHHTe 
CBHTe Ha aji6aHCKH ro npaBaT, co necMH, co CBe, tok Mne Ha G^JirapcKH, TaKe hh 
apecBa, flpyro Ka 3a th Ka^Ka (cMax). 
Cademe Tlupyuiu, zp. Cocpun, 10.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



Ecar Thhh: Ha CBaB/jara bo TnpaHa HMame flBe-Tpn )kchh co TpaaHHHOHaji, HMa- 
me oGjieneHO? 

BecejiKa TomieBa: HMame, HMame 4-5 >kchh... 

E. r. HeTHpn-neT acemi KaKO CTapaHa Moa, Koa ce npaBHJia HeBecTa... (...) Co... 
anrepHa, ctcOjicbckh, HtpBeHO h ctpMa, h mapon 6okhchhhh 441 . 
HcManji Tkhh: Cera He caKaeT thc 

440 OCTaBflJIH, /leJIHJIH 

441 npecTHUKH 

267 



E. r. Ce oGjiaicaeT n b TnpaH HeBecTHBe eee, hm e Kbecj), ce o6jiaKaeT, n (})OTorpa- 

(jiHH BJiaraeT. KoBner co iljihhkh, HeH3HHHre, /jon/je. IIjihhkh - 6mie, Kora 6mie, 

cera HeMa hhiho. -H HMa Taa /j^KOKara ntpBeHa, a nyBa bo TnpaH, n maMJina ot... 

B. T. Ila fla a nyBa, n inaMJina, h CBe! 

E. r. IIIaMJiHfl raapeHa, ot bo CraM6yji h ot bo CcuiyH KyneHa, cto ro/niHH /ja th 

>khbht 6oaTa opHrHHajibHa. Bn^e co maMJina TaMO, Kora CKaxaeT? 

B. T. Bh/iob. 

E. E Kopna n inaMJiHa... 

Ecam funu, Mcmquji Tuhu, c, Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



OaTHMe Tpyaa: Kora Ke ce aceim E/ump, Kora Ke ro }kchh HOTtpBaBa, CHHa fi, ice ce 

o6jiaicaMe bo pyBOTO ot cejiOBO, bo cejiCKO pyBO. 

Becejixa ToHneBa: HMare pyBO? 

O. r. HMaMe pyBO, ro nyBaMe, bo TapaHa. 

B. T. BceKH HOBeK jih HMa, ch na3H pyBO? 

O. E Cbckoh, cbckoh, HeBecTHTe, Kora ce npaHT, My ce npaHT pyBOTO, no, h Kora 

HMaT CBaBflH, ch ce o6jiaicaeT. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: Th ce o6jiHnam KaKTO th ch Gnna HeBeera? 

O. E IIo, no, aMa HeBecTaTa co bcjio. 

B. T. KoraTO th ch 6njia HeBeera? 

O. T. ft cyM ce o6jiaKajia co bcjio. 

B. T. Ot icaae ro HMam OBa pyBO, axo He e 6hjio ot TBoaTa CBaT6a? 

O. E Ot CBeKopBaBa HMaMe, CBeKopBaBa n Manxa mh Moa CBe Taico pyBO Kora ce 

npanjiH hcbccth. Ilocjie MeHa pyBOBO h Tporaa OBne njianKn CTape, rpa^CKO pyBO 

ce BHKa, no... 6euie c&jicko pyBO, anrepna ce BHKae... 

B. T. ,H,o6pe, aMa th me oGjienem ccjicko pyBO cera? 

O. T. Ka npanMe CBaB/jHre - ccjicko pyBO. 

B. T. To e MHoro nyrHO - th ch ce Ma>KHJia co bcjio, co 6ejia...aMa cera h Taa Ke ce 

Marai co Bejio, aMa Bne ce o/jHre co crapo? 

O. E Co CTapo. Ce pa/jBHMe hh n/jBaT hcbccth. 

B. T Cnre, mo HMaT pyBO, ce o6jiaKaT n cgar Ha CBaT6a? 

O. T. J\&, 3eMaMe opKecTpaTa, TynaT, opKecTpa 3HaHm th h 6epnMe opoTO, opo, co 

pyBOTO cejiCKO, no. 

B. T He e jih MajiKO nygHO - bo TnpaHa, bo rpa^, a Bne co ccjicko pyBO? 

O. E He, flOMa CMe, Ha Hac He e nyrHO... n mh bcjih MeHe CBeKtpBara, a Hne 3e- 

BMe ppe HeBecTH bo ccjiobo bo e/jeH aeH bo JlnGpam,, 3a Hamme aena n mh bcjih 

- HeBecTO, th Ke H/jein no HeBecTaTa co 3eTO, co fleTeHO, mh bcjiht CBeKtpBara - 

HeBecTO, a caKaM #a flonui co ccjickoto pyBO no HeBecTaTa bo JIii6pain. -H h Bejia, 

CHHa th, fleTeHO Ke cnyinar, oth Me caKaT #a j\oj\& a co cejiCKO pyBO. ft co ccjicko 

pyBO ctM 6mia no HeBecTa bo JlnGpam,. TaMO bo rpa/j JlnGpam, Me nieaaa, a... 



268 



(cMflx) EflHa K03a bo cto OBije! (CMax) H mh Benn OBiie co MaKHHHTe 442 , 6eBMe neT 
MaKHHH Hape^eHH - LU,o e OBa? MaKe/jOHKa e! (CMax) He ro HMaMe 3a rafijie. 5i ce 
o6jieKOB h bo TnpaHa, e/jeH BHyK, Gparyne/i ot Ma>KOT, >KeHa, /jeTe, ce o6jickob bo 

pyBOTO TaMO. 

B. T. ,3,o6pe, a TOBa pyBO 3am,o ro /rbpmrre bo TnpaHa, a He OB^e? 

O. r. OB^e HeMaT jho/hi, KB/je Ke ce oOjiennm OB/je! HeMaT CBaB/ja OB/je, bo Tnpa- 

Ha, ch HyBaMe bo rapaepo6oT, aojian, o6eceHO, h Kora HMar CBaB^a, ch ce oGjiaxaM 

h ch o/ja. Kan BHyKOHTe, Kafi 6para, Kafi cbohtc Ke a npanr Ha /jhck CBaBaara ot 

cecTpa mh, Ke Me bh^hih co pyBOTO. 

K. P. A Ma^KHTe? 

O. r. Ka Bac, Komyna, caKam KOCTyM, He o6jiaKar CTapo pyBO MamiTe, ae6ejin ca 

6eHBH h fl^KaMaaaHH ce BHica, ce ae6ejiH, tokko pyBO. (...) Cera CBaB/jaTa e /nm 

3HH - b cb6oTa h b He/jejia, bo Helena o,THMe Ha jibOKajib 443 , bo ct6oTa npaHMe 

opo flOMa. JIomsl 30Ma, opo npaHMe. 

K. P. Kora no/jnncBaT? 

O. E A, Hne He OHMe imrp,e, He no/niHCBaMe HHr^e, hh b nbpKOB, hh b /pKaMna... 

Kofi ce caxaeT, hckoh /jeH Hexa ch no/nmiHe... 

B. T. ^tp^KaBaTa He HCKa jih /ja ce no/jnHinem? 

O. E He, He, bo Hauicro, Ha HameTO BpeMe, caKauie KeBepnaTa no-Hanpe/i p,a ro 

npanra no/jnHiHBaHbeTO, cera Ha OBHe BpeMe ce Typn, Kora Ke ce noflnHinnm - 

Tora. 

B. T. Moace h anefl; CBaT6aTa? 

O. r. Mo^kc -33 nocBaa6a, Koa Ke noniu - Tora. 

B. T. Bo ct6oTa n^BaT tocth, Kt^e? 

O. E Haar Jiiofle n Kafi mt>>kkoto h Kafi ^kchckoto. npaHMe norana, HMaMe op- 

KecTpaTa Ha BenepTa, Ke a MecHMe noranara Ha eb6oTa BenepTa h Ke a iueTaMe co 

nopcTeH. 

B. T. KaKOB e nopcTeHOT? 

O. E nopcTeHOT 3a norana e npaBeH. HMaT, CBeKbpBaBa ro HMana, b TnpaH ro 

HMaMe h Ka a aymiMe noranara. IIIapeHa noranara h Ke a nennMe h Ke HrpaMe 

OpOTO OKOJIO, UiapeHO OpO - H MtaCKO, H )KeHCKO. 

K. P. He e jih tccho? 

O. r. Kbinara no aBeera MeTpa CMe KynmiH 3eMHa, bo /niecTa MeTpa e KyKHHKara, 
KaK BHKaTe Kbina, to e MecTynaTa - Hanpe/j.... Ke nymnin nopTaTa n Ke ceaaT jik>- 
fleTe, ce nyjiaT mhoto, ce co6epaT mhoto mop,e, rae^aeT mhoto jho^h - KOMinne... 
Ce pa3MemaBMe, komuihh HMaMe ot mhoto Meera, h Ke H^eT Tyfi n Ke ce nyjiaT. Ka 
ceno ce 6epnMe cbhtc, ohmc mhoto ce 6epnMe, n Ha CBaB/ja, n Ha yMHpano. 3a p,a 
3aKonBaT ce 6epeT mhoto mop,w HaraeBO h (Joapa, n He (})apa, n cboh, h He cboh... 
0amuMe Tpyda, c. Cmedjieeo, 22.06.2007, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



443 pecTopaHT 



269 



2.3.4 OttiKa zo 3dKonaem noeKo... 

Mar/jajieHa CTaMeHOBa: KaKBii /jpexn My o6jraKOXTe? 

Toflopxa PafiKo: nanrojin, Komyjia, (jjaHejia, cjjojia, CBe mo... 

M. C. AMa, cnennajmo jih 3a norpeGemie 6erae npHroTBeHO oGjickjioto? 

T. P. CnennajiHO. 

M. C. Ton jih ch ro npHroTBH, KaTO 6eme >khb? 

T. P. H caM 6erae, 3a TaKH cafiOna 6eme, h caM ch roTBerae, h Mne n /j^KarypHHba- 

Ha. Ehoto My OHece Tea mo (jjajiHXMe ... eHa /jeBOHKa My /jOHecea 6aTaHHa 444 3a 

cflojia... 

M. C. A KaKtB iibat 6axa /jpexnre? 

T. P. Ka<j)eHH, KacjjeHH, CBe Te KacjjeHH. Tax HMarae KyneHO. A c/joJiHirre - 6ejiH 

HMarae. 

M. C. A Kt/je ro na3eiue toh koctiom j\qto ch ro npHroTBame 3a norpe6eHHeTO? 

T. P. Bo JIii6pam, Eji6acaH Ke BHKaMe, TaMO rn 3eMarae. TaM m 3e/je THe - mian- 

KHTC 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: Ton Tyxa jih nonnHa? Hjih y JlnGpam? 

T. P. He, He OB/je. Berae 6ojieH JlnGpam, MHory, aMa /joiwa /jon/je (...) h BHKaMe 

OB^e... h BejiHMe, ...no nmnrapcKO. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: A KOBier HManie jih? 

T. P. HMame. 

K. P. AMa, npaBeH hjih KyneH? 

T. P. npaBeH 6erae, aMa THe He 3eMee hhiho BHaTpe. CaMO co njianKHTe...Ton 

6erae TpneceT HJia^e.-.H ce/jOM/ieceT mia/je ... /ja ce KannjiH nw)p,ere... Ha e/jnH 

caar... 

6ecp caMa Kora oh ... h TaKH .... pa3Typn flacarypnHbflTa... TaKH... Hne HeMaxMe 

KyKba ... ceaexMe TaMO... 

M. C. H Ktfle ro norpe6axre? 

T. P. OB^e, rope. 

M. C. ,3,eTO 6erae th Bnepa? 

T. P. Tope, Ha TyM6yjieHO... Ha ropHaHa ... HaraTKa... 

M. C. TaM KaTO ro norpe6axTe, non HMame jih 3a nee? 

T. P. HeMauie. /JajieKO nonoT 6euie, bo 3ypi>c... 6eme 3HMa TaKH...H He ro HMaxMe 

nonoT. Ilocjie Ha ro/niHara, bo Eji6acaH My OTneaxMe...co nonoT... 

M. C. KaTO ro norpe6axTe - nocjie TyKa jih flonfloxTe? 

T. P. Otboph TyKa...KOJibKy j\& ro 3aKonaMe... BpeMeTO aoMa /jon/ioxMe 

M. C. A Hemo Tpane3a npaBHXTe jih? Heino 3a a/jeHe, 3a nneHe? 

T. P. Axa. BaB nacTapMa - 3Hanera KaK? 

M. C. 3HaM. OBia nacrbpMa. 

T. P. OBia HMacj), KOJibicy Meco HMacj), 3a /ja hhmc ... n Meco HMacjjMe, h nacrbpMa 

HMacj)Me...A aacarypHHba He hh 6ea OB^e... H3MHTea, nncTO.. BO/ja j\& ce h3hhcth... 



' ziojihh zipexH, 6ejii>o 

270 



cojib.... HaKJia/joxMe co rpacj) 3a pynaK, n /jeTeTO /jon/je, 3e e/jHO arae Ke e/jHH 

HOBeK... nerHaeceT mia/je ... /jejinxMe HrHeTO - Hano.no 3a toh ^eH, Hanono — 3a 

mecTe HeflenH... h Taica... 

M. C. A toh icaro yMpe TyKa, BHe 6exTe caMH? 

T. P. SI 6ecp caMa... 

M. C. A koh ro npnroTBH 3a norpe6eHHeTO? Th jih ro o6jiene, H3Kbna ro? 

T. P. Si, BHKacj) eHa apyraiKa. (...) Eecj) caMa a, ro noMeerax ro, mo ro noMecTHx h 

nocjie c Hea ro o6jieKO(j)...BiiKa(Jj /jpyranKara /jon/je ....ra HaMecTHXMe. 

M. C. rbjMM Mt* e 6hji? 

T. P. Benie. 3flpaB 6erae. 

M. C. IIpeflH, HanpHMep, TBoa TaTKO koh ro npnroTBn 3a norpeGemie? 

T. P. Ot KneHbe, ot KneHbe cyM a. H Hero ro HMame chobh HMame, MafiKa mh 

6eiue 5KHBa, ro Mecraa thc 

M. C. )KeHHTe? 

T. P. aCeHHTe. (...) 

M. C. OcBeH nacT'bpMa, flpyro Ha Tpane3ara anarare jih? KaTO a/jeTe noone cnep, 

norpe6eHHeTO, flpyro cnarare jih ocbch "mhih", ocbch Meco? 

T. P. Te, rpacj) co naerbpMa h MecoTO co niuiac}) 445 , Ha ro CBapnxMe, BO/jara niuia- 

bot npanxMe, nocjie cropa Ha nmiaBOT, Ha^poGeH, Meco ro pe/niiiMe TaKH... 

M. C. A nneTe jih paKna? 

T. P. IIo eHO>K BapBeT, no cho>k BapBeT. He niieT, 3ainno KaK 3annaT, Ke 3aneaT iy! 

(cMee ce) TaKH paKHaHa Te Tepa th p,a neHin! 

M. C. Koh My npaBH KOBnera TyKa? 

T. P. Ot JIii6pam, KyneH, totob. 

M. C. A npe/jH, TyKa jih ca rn npaBHJin K0Bne3Hre - b cejio? 

T. P. B cejio HanpeTH OB/je ro npana, Ha Te3raB0, nop, erpaaBa Moa....KOBiero. Hne 

HeMaxMe MepaK, HHb... 

M. C. Cjiara jih ce b KOBiera Hemo KaTO napmacj), KaTO njianio, npe/jn pa ro cjio- 

raiTe? 

T. P. HanpeT pe/nia cropa, cera - h 6aTaHHaTa, h napinaBOT c/jojia KepKa mh Moa 

KJia^e... h ch mhh /jeTeTO h KepKa mh... Toh cpe/niHOT 6erae b H/raima, peie - pa 

He My nymaTe, pene. To 6erae CTpacj) pa He Hanpanr Hemo no naTHma. CaM pene c 

ycTaTa, pa He My nymaTe Hero. H pa yMpa, pa He My nymaTe... 

M. C. U,BeTa HMame jih Ha KOBiera, nBeTa cjiaraxa jih? 

T P. U,BeKbe....noKpHexMe cbc. 

M. C. HMa jih oGnnan TyKa Karo yMpe hckoh h 3a My neaT, pa ro onjiaKBaT? 

T P. IIjianeM... 

M. C. A cnennanHa meHa jih ro npaBH hjih caMO po/jHHHHTe? 

T. P. OBbe h >KeHaTa, h poflHHHHTe. 

M. C. A npe/ni mhoto BpeMe, naK jih TaKa - caMO po/jara ro e onjiaKBana, po/nm- 

HHTe, nyacjjn >kchh He CTe BHKajin? 



445 OpH3 



271 



T. P. He flajienHH, cbohtc 

M. C. CaMO CBOHTe? 

T. P. CaMO poflmmara... 

M. C. CaMO aceHH jih ro orniaKBar? 

T. P. H >KeHe rnianaT, h >KeHe ... 

M. C. Kora ce noeraBa b KOBnera yMpejina, CKptCTBar jih My ce ptneTe OTnpefl? 

T. P. HaMeBOT 446 . (...) 

M. C. Karo yMpe hobck, KaKBO npaBHTe c HeroBHTe flpexn? Pa3/jaBaTe jih th, oc- 

TaBaT jih b KtmaTa? 

T. P. J\a. flaBam, a? Kaico He? ,H,ejiHMe. 

M. C. Koh rn B3eMaTe? Po/jara? Me)Kay po/jara jih th flejinre? 

T. P. BnicaMe Ha niecTe Hcgejin Ke H^eT to komihhhtc, CBaeTO. H ne npaHMe Ma3- 

HHK... 

M. C. Ma3HHK? 

T. P. Ma3HHK, h rpacj) ne npaHMe, Meco ne npaHMe, nmiacj) co Meco, TaKH... 

M. C. BHHarn Meco? 

T. P. Ha nnjiaBOT - mccoto... 

M. C. H ToraBa flejinre ^pexHTe? 

T. P. /jJejiHMe, Ha rpoGnina flejinMe. 

M. C. Karo yMpe hckoh, KaKBH ppexw o6jiHiar 6jin3KHTe? HepHH? 

T. P. H,opHH, IJOpHH. 

M. C. H MceHHTe n Mi>>KeTe? 

T. P. H aceHHTe h CBaeTO, KepKHTe, CHanTe... 

M. C. H npe^H e 6hjio TaKa? KaTO yMpa TaTKO th, j\rj\o th? KaKBO o6jiene Mainca 

th, KaTO yMpa TaTKO th - nepHO? 

T. P. H,opHO, no-Hanpefl He pe/jea nopHO... 

M. C. J\&, KaKBO npaBexa no-Hanpe^? 

T. P. KaKO...KaKO e (noKa3Ba nBeTa Ha leprara - BHHeHonepBeH - 6eji. M. C.) - no- 

TeMHO... 

M. C. TtMHonepBeHO? 

T. P. TeMHO npBeHO pe/jea. Cera - nopHO. (...) 

M. C. Kojiko BpeMe ce HOcaT Tna /jpexn? 

T. P. Cera... 3a peiHMe a cyM CTapa BeKe... 

M. C. A npe/jn? 

T. P. no-MJia^HHe - em ro/nraa (...) n Ke H3TpeT ijopmrre... KepKa mh ....h uih hoch 

30 eHa roflHHa, Ke hocht... (...) 

M. C. KaTO yMpe hckoh, Hemo cjiara jih ce Ha Kbinara, na Bparara — p,a ce bhjth, ne 

yMpeji? Hemo - 3HaK cjiara jih ce? Ktpna...? 

T. P. Ce pe^H, Kopna... (...) 

M. C. KaKBH nBeTa ce cjiarar Ha norpe6eHHe, KaTO Ha MtpTBena My cjiaraui? Cne- 

nnajiHH nBeTa - Ttpcn jih ce? 



272 



T. P. CBe, cneiiHajiHH... KapaM(j)HJib...CBe mo e h noimeMe Ha rpo6iima, KapaMCJHiJib 

ne HOCHMC.Ke My pe/jHM... (...) 

M. C. Hbcta HaicaKBH ca/jaT jih ce Ha rpo6a? 

T. P. Ko yMpena CBeicopBa mh, 6ochjick h H3Jie3e, 6ochjick Ha rpo6a. 

M. C. AMa caMHHtK H3Jie3e? 

T. P. CaMHnaK, Ke CMe pa/nuie, Ke H3Jie3e... (...) 

M. C. A icaro 3aKonBaTe hckoh, KaK ce onpeaejia kt>p,q p,a ro KonaTe, Koe Macro p,a 

ce H36epe? 

T. P. Ty... pe/niMe HHe noeic Ha noeK. Mo^Ka mh ro KJia/jooMe Ha CBexap mh. 

M. C. Kojiko roflHHH Tpa6Ba j\a. HMa pa3JiHKa p,a e yMp&n hckoh Ta /ja mtokc hobck 

OTrope fla ce norpe6Ba? 

T. P. E, Tpe6a p,a np,ej Ha Tpn ro/jHHH. 

M. C. Hafi-MajiKO? 

T. P. Hafi-MajiKO, Ha Tpn ro/nimi. 

M. C. Gnara jih ce Ha rpo6a Hemo KptCT, HeKaKaB KaMtK? 

T. P. A-a, pe/nie KpacT, HBeKba... 

M. C. HaKOH ce^H jih Ha roiconaHHs rpo6 3a ro na3H? 

T. P. CeflH...HoeKa... 

M. C. Kofi ceflH? 

T. P. EflHH TypHHH HMaXMe H e^HH KaypHH - PHCTH3HHH. 

M. C. H Te ce^ar, Taxa jih? 

T. P. To H3Konae rpo6oT h ce/jaeT Tye p,a BapaaeT. 

M. C. Hajia houi ce^ar? 

T. P. Tye ce/jaT, flop ce KJiae hockot. 

M. C. Karo hobck yMpe - He ro ocTaBaTe caM? 

T. P. He, He, hc Co hock ao Hero. 

M. C. A 3amo ne ro ocTaBaTe caM? 

T. P. A mo 3HaM a, caM He ro oerasMe, He hhhh - ManKa p,a npecKOHH, Hene... 

3aTO... 

M. C. Ako ro npecKOHH Manxa, KaKBO me CTaHe? 

T. P. He 3HaM a, He hhhh - mo bcust CTapHTC 

M. C. Xopara ^cro na3aT rpo6a - H3iconaHHs rpo6, Te Hemo roBopaT jih ch, flOKaro 

na3flT rpo6a hjih MtJinaT? 

T. P. Mojinar ch. (...) 

M. C. Kofi H3Haca MtpTBeua ot kmiih c KOBnera? 

T. P. Ke My KJia/me cho Kanxa, Ke ro Hocar h Ke ce MeHyeT, cbhtc /ja (jjaTar. 

M. C. CaMO 6jIH3KHTe, pO/JHHHHTe? 

T. P. H 6jiH3KHTe, h TypHHTC (...) CeKH, ceKH (jjamaeT. 

M. C. KaK ro Kapare p,o rpo6nmaTa? Ha pime hjih c KOJia? 

T. P. He, Ha poue HHe no rpa^o, co KOJia.... 

M. C. A npe/jH KaK e 6hjio? 

T. P. OB/je CBeKora TaKH e 6hjio. (...) 



273 



M. C. Te3H xopa /jcto Taia>B 3aHaaT ca pa6oTHJiH, Hemo cneHnajiHO anara jih hm 

ce b KOBnera KaTO yMpaT, kocto p,a noKa3Ba, ne Te TaKOBa ca pa6oTHJiH - CBemap, 

... p,ero Ka3Bara? 

T. P. My peflHMe jickh y /j>Ko6oHTe, /ja HMar, p,a HMar...My pe/jnMe TaKH. 

M. C. MoHeTH? A 3am,o cnarare jickh? 

T. P. 3Khbot /jajira, Her^e He njiaTHJi, p,& My th no6apaT, Ha toh bck /ja niiaTH... 

(cMee ce). TaKH npaHMe hhc. 

M. C. KaTO 3aKonBar MtpTBena h 3apHBaT rpo6a, HMa jih oGnqafi /ja He ce o6pi>- 

mam? 

T. P. He ce o6pi>inani. Ot KyKbaHa H3JieeT Hanpe/i, Ke ro nymaMe, Hanpe/i, OTKa ro 

3aKonaeT noeKO... (...) 

M. C. Tpane3aTa... Karo /jon/jeTe cnep, norpe6eHiieTO b Kbinara, ocbch nacTtpMa, 

nnjiacj) co Meco, Hemo ppyro cjiara jih ce ome? )Khto, rsl Ka^KeM, Hemo, BapeHO, 

KaKTO th HanpaBH OHa ^eH? 

T. P. HeHHHa, pe/jHMe h hochmc gemma, BapHMe. Ilocjie, Ha mecTTe HeflejiH Ke 

no/jeT Tpn-qeTBopHHa, TaMO neHHHa, Ma3HHK. 

M. C. KaK BHKaTe Ha mecTTe He,gejiH? IIoMeH? 

T. P. E-e, TaKO. 

M. C. A npemi naK jih TaKa ce e Ka3Bajio? IIoMeH? 

T. P. ITaK TaKa, CBe ma, Ha mecTTe MeceHH, Ha rojniHara. Cera npaHT h Ha ^BeTe, 

Ha Tpn roflHHH npaHT. 

M. C. Kora ce npaBH Toa noMeH? IIpeflH /jemi Ha CMtprra hjih Ha caMHa /jeH? Ha 

npe/mna p,en? 

T. P. Hpep, fla yivipe Ha caMHHOT /jeH no-ropHHOT. J\& HMa Tpn /jhh nerapH, no-rop- 

hhot, fla He e Ha tot ^em,... 

M. C. npe^H pynaK? CyrpHH hjih Benep? 

T. P. Obo ro npaHMe pynaK... 

M. C. HMa jih cneHnajieH p,en ot ce/jMHnara, Kora ce xo^n Ha rpo6a? 

T. P. Bo Heaejia. Ha aeH no njia^He. 

M. C. ToraBa ce xo/m? A cera Ha CnacoB/jeH, fleTO HjjBa, Hemo Ha rpo6a npaBH 

jih ce? 

T. P. OnMe, Ha CnacoB/jeH ^ejinMe TaMO, HaKora ra ...Hapoa MHory ... nocjie Ke ce 

caKaa HeKoa ... hhkoh HeMa caMH ... aaeMe, flpo6eeMe co khccjio mjicko npaexMe, n 

Ma3HHHH npaexMe... apo6eeMe caM mjicko khccjio co Jie6, Ke a,re, Ta jja ce MemaeT 

yMpejiHTe... 3a rn paHaT. 

M. C. KaTO B3HMam ot Tna, Ma3HHnnre h ot TaM, Ha noMeHa, KaKBO...? 

T. P. Ke aejiHMe ot Ma3HHKOT, Ke ^ejinMe Ha cbhtc Th MeHe - a Te6e. npanxMe h 

neHHna Ha CnacoB/jeH. (...) 

M. C. HMa jih oGnnan cjie^ BpeMe p,a ce OTKonaBaT kocthtc Ha yMpejina h p,a m 

npenorpe6BaT HaKbae? 

T. P. TaKH TH ... KOCKHTC. Ke TH KJiaeMC. 30 yMpeJIHOT... Ke H3MHeM... 

M. C. H nocjie Kt^e ce cjiarar - p,o Hero? 



274 



T. P. J\o Hero. 

M. C. A TOBa KOCTjrre ot Koe ca - ot npe/jHumoTO norpeOemie? 

T. P. Ot napBHOT kocthtc Ke ce. 

M. C. HHane, o6ane, axo e caM rpo6, axo HaMa ppyr hobck ncracwKeH - He ro pobh- 

Te? B cmhcbji - He ro ropaBaTe... 

T. P. He, hc (...) 

M. Ct: J\& 3Haera Haicofi yMpeji 3a ro norpe6BaT He b rpo6nineTO, a OTBtHica? Koh 

ce norpe6BaT h3bi>h rpo6nmeTO? 

T. P. Co CBHTe... HacTpaHa... THe mo ca HeKopcTeHH, HeicopcTeH, ro pcgar Haerpa- 

Ha, He co cbhtc 

TodopKa MupnecKa PauKo, P. 1931 z. e c, Kjieme, o6p. 3 kji., seMedenue, npxKop 

"Pycauifa " no UMemo na JWbOfca u; c. Cmedjieeo, 30.04.2006, san. M. CmaMenoea, 

K. Panzonee, A. )Kajwe 



2.4 My3HKa 
2.4.1 Ceeme necjue, mo zu UMa eo Cmedneeo, zu uye maMO n, ua (pecmueajib... 

Ca/jeTe nnpynni: KonpHBiHHHa 6eB Ha (jjecTHBajib, hh noKaHHa AreHniiaBa... 
BecejiKa ToHneBa: AreHHnaTa 3a 6tJirapHTe b ny)ic6HHa. 

C. II. J\&. Hh noKaHne, a3 ks H/jeB, h HeMaB c koto jya. n/ja, TaMO 6enie mohho ce- 
(j)TeTO 3a pa6oTaiu, co Eyjirapna ce Bop3BaBMe OTKora ce MeHa /j-bp^icaBaTa, OTica 
na^Ha KOMyHH3MaTa h /jofi/ie.... H /jok/job co ^BeTe cecTpe Aa>KiiOBe h oth/jobmc 
bo KonpHBiHHHa Ha (jjecTHBan. (...) neaxMe ^Be necMe, CTe6jieBCKH, TaMO rn nyB 
a - ... EjiaroeBrpaa, HManie CBeTe necMe, kohiho th neeMe HHe bo CTe6jieBO, fla, 
Tea necMeTe... Hne H3neaBMe „3acnajia fl, a P a > npecna.ua" h „HaBajin opn /jeBofiico 
bo jiHBarbeHo", OBa necMa a nee h EjiaroeBrpaa, MHe a nyBMe necMaTa, mo TaMaH 
a neeBMe MHe, CBeTe necMe, mo rn HMa bo CreGjieBO, rn nyB TaMO a, Ha (jjecTH- 
Bajib, CTape necMe, ce 6euie cjjecTHBajib cj)OJibKJibopHK.(...) H TaMO H3neaBMe ^Be 
necMe MHe, ca/je Hne He 6eBMe o6jieneHe bo pyBO CTe6jieBCKO, fie mohho #a Haniu, 
ce pa3canaHe. 
Cademe Tlupyuiu, zp. Cocpun, 10.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



2.4.2 IlecMeme - ceeuaKee... 

Bo)khh OnjibOKn: necMe ot neniKynHa Ka rn Meerea no apHayTCKH 3a rn neeMe, 

Tyicy He 3hohui /jnajieKT, aKO He ro HMaui opn/jacHHaji h3hkot. MeicaMOT ot necMa- 

Ta, MenoflHaTa. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: KaKOB 6eme MeicaMOT? Berae G'bJirapcKH? 

B. CD. Hne yneBMe ot 6"bJirapcKH necMe, nocjie Ka rn MecTeBMe no aji6aHCKH. Ajih 

He 3Haea n apHayTCKOTO He ro 3Hae flo6pe. H TaKa Henoro/jeHO, /ja th ica^KaM. 

B. T. Tn ch xo/jeji no CBaT6n, no hcjioto Tojio 6"bpao. Kofi Te e ynnn Te6e 3a cbh- 

pnra rafi^a, #a neera necMH, OTicb/je 3Haera? 



275 



B. O. Ka oeBMe, Ha pa/nio. 

B. T. Koe pa/jno? 

B. O. He, TejieBH3op, pa/nio, He aji6aHCKO, HHe ro nymaMe Ha MaKe/jOHna, Ha 

EtJirapna, na ro cjiyiuaBMe, Ma co CTpaB, He 6eBMe cjio6o,thh. H/jea j\& th myTeT, 

flajiH nymaMe HaflBopenmn... 

B. T. Koh roflHHH e TOBa? 

B. O. Cera Ha BpeMeTO EHBepo/pKeBO, CHTe toakhh, mo ce^e EHBep O/pKa Ha 

BJia/ja, CHTe ro/nimi HHe 6eBMe Ka /ja th Ka>Ka KaTO npocTH jiio/ih bo Tea MecTa 

TaM, GtJirapn... BenaT - na GtJirapnre ca ^eGejiH jiio/ih. (cMax) BenaT THe, mo 6ea 

KaKO fla th Ka^KaM, mo THe caMHTe 6ea Henoro/jeHn, He/jo6pn, THe ro Benea TOBa. 

Hne He MoeBMe 3a ce OTnyniHMe /jo6po... (...) Hne ch HMaBMe necHH Ha CBaB6a 

mo neeBMe, aim MaKe/jOHCKH, 6i>JirapcKH, a3 noBeie 6i>JirapcKH, th Ka3Bame pa- 

3H0T0 BapHa, He 3HaM koh... h a th naMeTBex, Ka th cjiymaB /jBa-Tpn ntTe, Ka th 

HayneB, ch neeB cjio6o/iho, h TaMO bo kjik)6ot, He Me 3a6paHH hhkoh, a He 6eBMe 

nymaHH, He 6eBMe cjio6o/hih, TaKBO 6erae BpeMeTO, 6enie Jiomo BpeMe h jiouio ro 

noMHHaBMe. (...) 

B. T. Ka3Bam ot B-bJirapna ot pa/nio ch cjiymaji, /jajiH naMTHiu HeKoa necMa? J\a 

mh Ka^Kera. 

B. O. Toflopo Toflopo, Benepana jih ch, 

Benepajia jih ch, bhho nnjia jih ch. 

IleCMH TaKBH. 

Ilocjie e HMajiH h MaKe/jOHCKHre, pa36epn. H thc 
B. T. A HMa jih pa3JiHKa Meac/jy MaKeflOHCKnre h 6i>JirapcKHTe? 
B. O. KaKO HeMa! 
B. T. KaKBa e pa3JiHKaTa? 

B. O. MaKeflOHHHTe 36opBaT HHaKBO, 6i>JirapHTe 36opar no-HHaKBO, MaKe/jOHnn- 
Te BHKaT KamaTa KyKa, na He Tpe6a #a e KyKa... Ajih CHTe necHH n 6i>JirapcKH, n 
MaKe^OHCKHTe HeMar rojieMa pa3JinKa, 3a #a th neera. A3 HMaM nyeHO mhoto 6i>ji- 
rapcKH necHH, MaKe/jOHCKn..., na 3a MeHe MaKe/jOHCKHre, 6i>JirapcKHTa ca mh mho- 
to JiecHn, jiecHH, 3aino a 36opeB toh h3hk. A aji6aHCKHTe 6ea tokkh, 3aino a rn 
HMaM yieHO, 6eB napTH3aH, He 3HaeB e/jeH Jia(p, mecTHaeceT roflnmeH, napTH3aH. 
OBe Ha pn^OHTe TyKa HMaM ce/jeHO lerapn Mecenn n TyKa... Kan OBe ... H/jeB TyKa 
HOKa. Ha THa pn^OHTe. ApHayTCKHTe mh 6ea tokkh, 3amo Tpe6ame j\a. rn neeui, 
aMa KaKO rn neaT Tna, na He mtokcb, He 6eB ynnji a. na a He3HaB apHayTCKH. 
B. T. Kora ro Haynn? 

B. O. Ha HJiaaa neTHpneceT h neTBtpTara - napTH3aH. BeB napTH3aH n ro HaynnB 
OBa aji6aHCKO, na He hhcto h ^eHecKa He 36opa hhcto. Tora 3aBarn(j), 3amo a 
uikojio HeMaM aji6aHCKO. Ci>p6ckh. CjiyiuaM TyKa, a 3HaM ci>p6ckh h rpaMaTHHHO, 

3HaM TOJIHKO CI>p6CKH, He 3HaM KaKO J\& TH Ka^KaM. (...) 

B. T. Hajin xo/niTe no CBaT6nTe Ha Eojio Etp/jo, aji6aHCKH koh cjiyraa? Tna HCKar 

6i>JirapcKH h MaKe^OHCKH? 

B. O. A ro Meuiae n GtJirapcKO, n MaKe/jOHCKH, h apHayTCKO ro BHKaMe Hne, aji- 



276 



6aHCK0. CBeicaKBH. IIo-Hanpefl CBe necHH 6tJirapcKH h MaKe/jOHCKH, n ebp6cKH. 

A3 3HaM necHH cbp6cKn, ajiH nporajio BpeMe... 

B. T. Kami mh e/ma cptGcxa necMa, afi/je sa He 3HaM, Ka>KH mh! 

B. O. Ilocjie neeBMe THe necMe mie (3anaBa) 

C6oroM MHJia, /jofi/ie BpeMe 

a co Te6e #a ce pa3aejia 

Ta ca MaKe^OHCKa necMa, a h 6tJirapHTe a neaT, OB/je HeMa pa3JiHKa rojieMa. 

B. T. A cpt6cKa? Kami HeKoa cptGcxa! Mh e mhoto HHTepecHO KaKBH cpt6cKH 

neexTe. 

B. O. (3anaBa) 

Afi/je bhho niie, paKna mh e ropxa, 

a noT KyKio aceHa ko fleBoinca. 

Eookuh (PwibOKu, Tupana, 02.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.4.3 Ceupua, uiynejiua, Kaean, dea uaenu, zaiida, (pmapMOHUKa... 

Becejixa ToHieBa: Kami 3a CBHpKHTe cera, KaKBii cbhpkh? 

PacjjMiie ABfliiy: ,H,0Jira, rojieMa, eiia co 6apa6aHie Tyna. 

KoHCTaHTiiH PaHroneB: KaK ce Ka3Ba? 

P. A. Hiie CBiipxa fi bcjihm. H TonaH, ce npaBH. (...) LUynejibKa ro BHKaBMe, ca^e 

e^HO CTanne fltjiro pyraBeHO, mo CBHpn, CBHpea OBnapHTe, no TyM6eHe. 

B. T. To e pa3JiiiHHO ot CBiipKara? 

P. A. E HHaKBa, mynejibica e HHaKBa, CBiipKaTa, TbnaHnre, imaKBa 6erae. 

B. T. CBHpKa n co TonaHH e Ha CBaT6a? 

P. A. Axa, CBaT6a, co mynejiica caMO OBnapnre, ko o/jea Hanpe^ no TyM6eHe, Koa ice 

a nncHe n th ice a nyera n Ke ce ny^nm (cMax). Cera HeMa hhiuo. 

B. T. A flajin HMa HaKofi cera, kohto ^a ma CBHpKa huh mynejiKa bo cejio? 

P. A. HeMax.. HeMaT OB/je cera, Tpn Kyxn ca. (...) Tne, mo HMajie CBnpKaTa, naic 

HMaeT, Tea, mo ca bo icyica. HMar, 3eMa no e/ma CBaB/ja no cejumnBe Hamn, ce- 

jiaHHBe Hamn n BHKaeT no CBaB/jn, 3a My CBHpe, /ja My Tyne, Tax cera BHicaeT He 

caMO CBnpKa h TonaH, n flpyra HMaex 

B. T. ,3,0 Kora e 6hjio CBHpica n TonaH? J\o koh ro^HHH? 

P. A. 3yp ce pa3CHnajie, js,a H36eraeT ot ceno, fleBeflece, Kora flofifle fleMOKpauna, 

Tora OB^e ce pa3cnna CBnpKa n TonaH, H36eraeT n th... Th op, OB/je th no3HHaMe Ha 

CBaB^e, rn no3HHaMe TH3e Hamn ce 03 OB^e. (...) erionHH 447 BHKaBMe Hne, erionHn, 

mo H^ea OB/je, mo Tynae, enonnn BHKaBMe hhc 

Pa(pMiie (Paxdue) Aeduy, c. Cmedneeo, 20.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



Ca6pn Myparn: LUynejibKa e flpyro, KaBan fie flpyro. LUynejibKara e no-Majio. 
OepnT TaMH3n: HMaB, Ma mh th yKpa/joe. 



277 



BecenKa ToHieBa: IIIynejibKa e MHCJiaM aji6aHCKH 36op. 

C. M. IIIynejibKa e aji6aHCKO. HMaT rbsl KaBJIH, HMar n e/jeH KaBaji, aMa Tiie ca 

HMajIH OT CTapHTe, TaTKO My OT T03H HMajI flBa KaBJIH... 
O. T. JlficL, H flBOHIja - HH(|)T. 

C. M. Jlpa KaBajiH /rbjirn ot ceflyM/jeceT-ocyM/jeceT canrnMeTpH. H e/jeH hobck 
CBiipeine, aMa e/jeH no-Kyc, no-Man, e/jeH no-fltJir. E/jeH hobck CBnpaT, aMa e/jeH 
KaBan, Tne ch BO/jar Mejio/nia, My3HKa ch BO/jar, ro HaKar co /jpyrnoT, e/jeH no- 
fltnr, e/jeH no-Kyc, aMa 6jih3ko Taxa, aMa Baxa, e,geH... 

B. T. Tna ca HanpaBeHn /jBa? 

C. M. Tn npaBejin CTapnre jno^e Hamn, /jBa KaTO 3ajieneHH, aMa e/jeH no-Kyc, e/jeH 
no-fltJir, th ayBam Ha e/jeH, aMa My3nica, /jBara npaBn My3HKa. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroieB: Ot e/jHO /p>pBO jih ca hjih ca HanpaBeHn nooT/jejiHO n ca 

crao6eHH? 

C. M. Ot e/jHO fltpBO, aMa HMaT cbckoh jxynxa noce6HO, pa36Hpaui jih, aMa Taica 

Ha e/jeH 6iuib6HJib Ke CBHpniu, aMa e/jeH My3Hica CTaBa no-rcuieMa, e/jeH no-Majia. 

,H,eKa ca jjpa - KaBJin, jreica e e^eH - KaBan, CBHpnr co KaBan, jieKa ca jjpa - co 

KaBJIH. 

B. T. ToBa Hemo ro HMa Bene Hajin? 

C. M. Moac ,na HaMepnMe Herjie, hh e H3ry6eHO, MO>Ke jxa. HafijiaM... He hh Ka^Kaji 
Cthh noBeK, th Ke jioGhcih p,o6pn napn, a6e He HCKaM napn, HeKafi. (...) ,H,Ba Ka- 
bjih, aMa y6aBH KaBJin, Tea HOcaT My3HKa /jo6pa, jjBa rjiaca - e/jeH no-TaHK, ejieH 
no-fle6eji rjiac. EaeH Kao >KeHa, e/jeH - Max, Ma^KOT HMa ae6eji rjiac, aceHara HMaT 
TbHbK rjiac, TaKa jih e, hjih He? 

Ca6pu Mypamu; <Pepum TaMU3U, p. 1943 z. e c. Cme6neeo, o6p. 4 kji., 6upnuK e 
Cmedjieeo; c, Cmedneeo, 17.06.2007 z., san. B. Tonneea 



Bo)khh ®HJibOKH: Ha raM/ja HMaM CBHpeHO mhoto BpeMe. Cjiyraafi, a HMaM e/jHa 

rafijia, mo CBHpa, na moh 3a HMaT TpneceT ro^KHH, na toh mh a npaTH cecTpa mh 

ot bo >I6jiaHHHa, mh npaTH cecTpa mh, h nynniB a nncMO - He th caKaM a hhiho, 

hh najiTO, hh..., caMO fla mh nymnm raMaa. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: HeManie raMaa ot Aji6aHHa OTKbae 3a B3eMeiu? 

B. <t>. na HeManie, afiae nocjie Taa mh nyinii, KaKO ro/nra HeMaM 3anaMeTBeHO p,o- 

6po, ajiH HMa TpaeceT to/ihh KOJie CBHpa Ha raMaa. 

B. T. 3HaiH th ki>cho ch ce Haynnji? 

B. O. J\&, na h ce HaynHB n HeManie koh p,a mh Ka:»ce, fla Me noynn, caMOT moh, 

mh npaTH rafiaa aBa noT, e/nia mh ce pa3cnna, onar npaTHB nncMO, nocjie flOH^e 

BpeMe n Taa mh a CKtpmn Ha hhmchtoto... (...) 

B. T. Th OTKb,re 3Haera Jia nnmera Ha cecTpa th 3a ran/jara, ie HMa TaKOB HHCTpy- 

MeHT, OTKbJie 3Haeni? 

B. O. 5i HMaB BH^KflaHO no-Hanpe^, CBHpea TaMO bo >I6jiaHHHa, HHe oaeBMe co 

CTOKa h BH>KflaMe mo CBHpar. MafiKa My ot e/jeH BHyK moh, HoBaHKa ot >I6jiaHHHa 



278 



e, ctphko Hefi3HH 3Haerae Ha rafi^a, H/jenie bo JlaKafiiia mhoto noTa n a - toh Ka 

CBHperae h a ce/ja p,o Hero h nyjia My ce. A h CBHpeB h Ha iuynejibKa, ceBTe... nocne 

Ha Cbcth Hnna bo .36jiaHHna, TaM ce npaenie naHanp bo Cbcth Hnna ro BHicae, 

H^ea ot CBHTe MecTa h Hocea, KynHB KaBan, ,na, CBHpa, ce HaynnB, KaKO... Ilocjie 

n npaTHB Ha cecTpa mh, HMaM Tpn pa3pe/m ctp6cKH mo mima, ctp6cKH. Ila Ctp- 

6na 6erae TyKa bo JlaKanna h HHe o/jeBMe Tpn caaTH HaH03e h Tpn caaTH HaHa3a/j 

bo >I6jiaHHHa ot JlaKanna, 3am, JlaKanna TOJibKy 6e - neT-iuecHaece KyKH, Kbinn, 

MaKeflOHHHTe - Kyxa, na rn no/jiirpaMe - na 3aino /ja KyKani! (cMax) 

B. T. A iuynejibKa h KaBaji HMarae bo KneHbe h bo Cre6jieBO? 

B. O. He HMaHO ot e/jHO BpeMe, nocne 3a(j)aTna mhoto p,a CBHpaT Ha iuynejibKa, Ha 

KaBan, Ha TaKHBa Hema... Cecjrre a co 6para mh Eohko bo AP aH HMaM e/jeH 6paT, 

>khb e ome, h toh cbhph /joG'bp, Ha iuynejibKa, Ha KaBan. H Mne TaMO co 6paBHTe 

h ce/me HaBenep oxe o6onnaTa CBHpeBMe, nocne Kaxo iho th ica>KaB mh nymn 

cecTpa mh ran/jara h c Hea ce 3aHHMaBax mhoto BpeMe h noMimaB Jibeno. Ajih mo 

th Ka>KaB npe/je, HeManie koh p,a Me noyunr. 

B. T. E KaK caM ce Hayun? KaK? .33 MHcnaM p,a 3eMaM e/ma raM/ja caMa He MO^caM 

3a ce HaynaM! 

B. <D. Ila ce yinx Ako rsl HMani, axo 3a h ce p,o6pw THe, BHicaeT, KajiaMn BHKaT no 

Haiue, ohh mo CBHpn, 3amo bo Tea... mo e ot ntpcraTe HMar.... h npaBaM TaKBH 

nHCKH. 

B. T. IiHCKa BHKaMe Ha 6"bJirapcKn 

B. O. IiHCKa h hhc Kaico 6aHajmo... 

B. T. He e 6aHajmo, KaK 3a e 6aHajmo! (cMax) 

B. O. nocne THe 3acj)aTHB, meaaB OB^e bo Kopua, h meaaB, h nparaaB, h KyneB 

ot OBHe nncKajiaHH. H TaKa op, mohot... h cera (ma/jn CBHpaT TOJibKy Jibeno, He 

3HaM KaKO fla th H3Ka)KaM. Mh na/jm mhoto 3jio - mh yMpe KbepKa mh, neT/jeceT 

h uerapn roflHHH, na chh mh, na CTapaTa mh, )KeHa mh, na e^eH BHyK cera TyKa... n 

TaKa, Ha mec Mecenn, HeMaM hh CBHpeHO, hh neaHO, h mh e >Kaji TOJibKy 3a KbepKa 

mh, mh e Mean. (...) 

BecejiKa ToHueBa: Bo KneHbe HMauie n KyjiTypeH p,om. 

Bo)khh OnjibOKn: J\&, na HMame KyjiTypeH 30M, HHe CBHpeBMe, o/jeBMe Ha (jjecTn- 

Ban, bo cenoTO eHBepo/pKeBO. Bo rnpoKacTpo. 

B. T. KaKBH necHH neexTe Ha (jjecraBaji? 

B. O. necMe aji6aHCKH, na mo npaea, a cy H36eraH KaKO yTpe, nonpocTHMe ce 

Mano KaKBO 3amo... Ka noeBMe TaMO. 5i cyM H36eraH, o/jeB Ha (jjecTHBaji, npaeB 

KaTa roflHHa co raima, ajin raimara 30 BpeMe He a npHMae, He a caKae... 

B. T. He a caKae raimara? 3amo? 

B. O. Buna 6"bJirapnre... Buna 6"bJirapcKa OBa. He e 6nfleHa, a HMaHa h mcctoto. He 

a caKae ot ctho BpeMe, nocne Me nymna TyKa ot TnpaHa, 3amo ceaa a, Me 6apae 

3a Ha (jjecTHBajin. nocne Me nymna bo TnpaHa. Bne HMaTe TaMO raima... (...) 

B. T. A Ha rafi^a KaKBH Mcno/n™ CBHperae? 



279 



B. O. Tyica bo KneHbe, caMO a, HMaB n eaeH apyrap BafipaM By3HOB, HHe c Hero 

3aeflHO oaeBMe, HMaBMe apy>KCTBO chjiho, h o6ofiHara 448 HHe neeBMe 3aeaHO, no 

CBaBflH. ITocjie toh Ka m,o mh apfiae MeHe rafinaTa, mh npaTH cecTpa mh, h toh 

Kynn (j)H3apMOHHKa n noane oOofiiiara - toh (JjH3apMOHHKa, a - rafiaa. 

B. T. E rafina h (j)H3apMOHHKa ao6pe mh 3BynH? 

B. O. Mhoto jn>eno. 

B. T. KaKBH necMH? 

B. O. MaKeflOHCKH, aji6aHCKH, mo Ka hh aaaax (...) 

B. T. J\o koh roflHHH xoaexTe no CBar6n c BafipaM n CBnpexTe? 

B. O. ,3,0 cera, aohho. Hpep, oceM roannn, TaMO 6eB a, co >KeHa mh ,H,a(JjHHa BHKaa, 

HMauie HMeTO, TaMO ceaaB, aeHara nofinoa TyKa, a ocTaHaB Ha ceno co )KeHa mh. 

H36era BafipaM, H36eraB a, 6eBMe 3aeaHO. 

Eookuh (PwibOKu, Tupana, 02.04.2008, san. B. Tomeea, K. Pamonee 

2.5 H^eHTHMHOCT 

2.5.1 MaiiKa Eyzapun... 

BafipaM By3HOB: OBne Hapofl rojio6tpacKH HMaT BejieHO MafiKa Byrapna! HyejiH 

ca ot CTapn - 3Kn mh MafiKa Byjirapna 449 (...) TaM pa6oTaT Hauin jnoan, OTTaMO 

>KHBHMe hhc Ot ycTa ot Hapofl, HHe ot Byjirapna CMe, Kaico no, OBne mo hh e 

MHJia h My3HKaTa 6yjirapcKa. TaKBH necMH neeM. (...) 

Ca6pn Myparn: HaraeTO noTeKJio, Ka3Ba Tofi, e 6yrapcKO hhcto, HaraeHO noTeKJio 

ot nejiaBa o6mHHa Tojio Etpap, Tofi, BHKaT, e 6yrapcKO, Taxa e Ka3BaHO ot CTapn- 

tc 

B. B. HMa Hemo 36opBaT mnn, apHayTCKO, Kora CMe cjieraajiH HHe b c&jio, OHne 

Ke oaea Ha flpyro ceno, Hac He 3HaM 3aino hh BHKaa - Gynrapnre aa cne3aT, a6e 

6yrapn. (...) HMauie b Hauie ceno ^kchh, mo ce KOJiHea, KJieTBa Kora ce KOjrae — 5Kh 

mh Tocnofl, HMauie )KeHa, Koaino Beiieine - )Kn mh MafiKa Byrapna! Hyejin ca ot 

CTapn - )Kh mh MafiKa Byjirapna! Pa6oTar aeHa Hauin b Byrapna, BpeMe, mo oae- 

jih b Byjirapna... Hauin jnoan. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, Ca6pu Mypamu, c. Cme6neeo, 17.06.2007, san. B. Tomeea 



KaMHJia Haymn: ,H,eTeTO ot xajia mh Moa, uejia, Kora H3Jie3e paanoTO Ha ntpBO 
paanoTO, ry nyuiauie bo Byrapna, nyuiauie aa ce nye bo cbcto cejio - A 6pe nenr 
MafiKa Byrapna! 
KnMUJia Hayuiu, zp. Tupana, 30.03.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



HcMann Tkhh: Hne a caKaMe Byrapna! Ot CTapo BpeMe. Kora neeT TejieBH3na, 



449 „>Khb mh Tocnoji", „>KHBa mh MaMica" h ^Hec ca yctohhhbh KpaTKH cjicmecHH (JiopMH b 
ziHeuiHaTa P MaKeziOHHH (3a 3aKJieBaHe). 

280 



Tora pa/nro HMaBMe, He T&neBH3Ha, Me pa36Hpam? Kora neee neaHKHre 6yrapciai, 
ctpijeTO fla th pacTHT! CtpueTO /ja th pacTHT. H no ho3hkob co MaKe/jOHCKH HHe 
ce pa36iipaMe MJibory Jibeno, aMa co 6yrapcKHOT - Mano mjioto, Mano mjioto, Tye, 
Tye. -3 caicaMe MJiory Byrapna mhc 
McMawi fuHU, c. Cmedjieeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tomeea, A. sKaiioe 



2.5.2 E-bJizapun noeKbe e cedena eo Mecmama naiuu 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: IIpeaH aji6aHCKOTO CTe 36opejiH 6ynrapcKO? Hjih e MaiceaoH- 

CKO? 

Bo)khh OnjibOKH: E'bjrrapcKO. Byjirapna noeKbe e ceaeHa bo MecTara HaniH. Et>ji- 
rapjia e GH^eHa /nm noTa, Tpii noTa, kojiko, Kamo hh Ka3Bame CTapirre. TaTKO mh 

MOfi TpH rOflHHH e 6HfleH BOHHHK, CajIflaT, 6"bJirapCKH, CO CTpHKa MH, flBOHHaTa... 

Eookuh (PwibOKu, zp. TupaHa, 01.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 



HcManji Thhh: Byrapna e 6nfleHO OB/je! (...) 

EcaT Ehhh: Byrapna e 6nfleHa, /ry BepaT, bh^h mh hmcto th MeHe — BepaT - 
Bejirpa^, U,opoBOfla - U,i>pHa BO/ja, H3Jiara Baxe - U,i>pHa Boaa. Eynrapiia e 6Hfle- 
Ha OB^e, Kpafi KyxaHa e HMano... TyK ce ne Bepa MioaniiMaHCKa, th Ka^Kea h fleiiara 
moh TaM bo TnpaH, ce Gii^eim phcthhhhbc noeKbe ot ctp6cKO, MioaniiMaHii - no- 
eKbe ot 6yrapcKO, TaKe a hhhh Ha Tea BpeMeHa, TaKO e n /jeHec, (...) npep, JiiocjjTa... 
neTHpH^eceT n neTHpn 

AjieKcen ^KajiOB: IIpeflH BTopaTa CBeTOBHa BofiHa. 

E. E J\y flBaHaficeTa ro/nrHa e 6HfleHa TypKHa OB/je, hctctothhh ro/jHHH... (...) H 
bo Byrapna e 6nfleHO, CBe EBpona TypcKO, CBe BajiKaHa, ocMaHH. (...) 
A. )K. H nocne Kora ca aoimiH TypHHTe, ca B3ejiH BepaTa - iianaMe. 

E. E IleTCTOTHHH TOflKHH. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: ,H,o6po, aMa CTe 6hjih opToaoKCH, e Gii/jeiio opTO/jOKC OB^e... 
E. E Cbcto ceno, CBHa Hapofl e 6nfleH opTO/jOKC, He OB^e, bo CBe AjiGamia... 
McMauji runu, Ecam Tuhu, c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, A. sKanoe 



Bo)khh ®HJibOKH: CaMO Eynrapiia Majio e OTaeneHa, cbp6nTe, MaKe/joimHTe, py- 
CHTe ca e/jHO. Ila h BtJirapna, Byjirapna e no-^pyro, e no-CTapa, Byjirapna He e 
npcTHara ot mcctoto hch3hho, obhc ca ^ofi/jemi, OT/jejieHH, ot Pycna, h ca /jofi- 
fleHH Mano no Mano. Byjirapna H/jeiia e bo MecTara, bo KneHbe, He 3HaM Koae, e 
6nfleHa BtJirapna, /nm noTH e 6nfleHa, fie 6H,reHa Ha mccto, Ha mcctoto hch3hho, 
a THe ce OT^ejiHa. 3aTO Benea cbp6nTe - CTapa /je/jOBHHa 3a pycHTe. Ila a h caM 
HMaM nyeHO, HMaM pa6oTeHO co Cbp6n, bo Kopna, bo eflHa (j)a6pirKa ot nieKep, 
3am, 6eB ciuieH MaficTop a, Me 6apae CBerjje... 
Eookuh (PwibOKu, zp. TupaHa, 01.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 



281 



2.5.3 Cade 6yzapcKo sdopuMe... 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: KaicoB a3mc th 36opHiu? 

3eHe.n Ta^aca: EyrapcKH. 

EcaT THHH: Hue ro BHKaMe 6yjirapcKH. 

3. T. BejiHMe 6yjirapn. 

E. r. ByjirapcKO. Khbhct h MaKe/jOHCKO BJiarar. 

B. T. E cera 6tJirapcKO jih e hjih MaKe/jOHCKO? 

E. r. E CTapo MaKHflOHCKO, opHrHHajibHO e OBe, mo 36opHMe hhc HaMH hh BejiaT 

6yjirapcKO. Ce 36opBirr apHayTCKH ho3hk - Hac hh BHKar 6yjirapcKO, OBe, mo ro- 

BopHMe Hne 6yjirapcKO. 

B. T. A th ot TBoaTa MafiKa, ot TBoa 6a6o, mo 3Haera, ne e 6i>JirapcKO? 

E. r. He e GyrapcKO. HaniH erapn 6a6oBHH oxe, /je/jOBHH, 6a6n, meTajiH Aji6aHHa, 

HaynHJie, 6e3 ihkojio, icypce 6a6oHTe Haran He 3Haea apHayTCKO, ca/je BaKBe 36op- 

Bea, mo 36opBHMe Mne. 

B. T. Ch 6nfleH bo Byrapna? 

E. T. He. 

AjieKcefi )KajiOB: Tofi e 6H/jeH b KHHa. 

B. T. Th bo KnHa ch 6H/jeH, aMa bo Byrapna He ch 6H/jeH. BtJirapHH, a He ch 6hji 

bo Byrapna. A 6"bJirapnH jih ch? 

E. r. ByjirapHH. 5i cyM aji6aHen, roBopa 6yrapcKO. Ka Me 3eMaT AjieKcefi h th, ks 

Me HOCHTe y Cocj)Ha, HeMa pa6oTa, ac y neHnna cyM... 

Ecam funu, 3eneji TadoKa, c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tomeea, A. sKaiioe 



Ca/jeTe nnpyuiH: (Ha CBar6a b necmrre - 6eji. B. T.) hh e/jeH Jiac}) aji6aHCKH He 

e BJie3eH BHaTpe, th MeraaMe, Ka (Jjojihmc no e/jHH Jiacp aji6aHCKH, aji bo necMaTa 

— He, CTapHHe - He, He 3HaHT, MafiKa mh Moa He 3hoht aji6aHCKH, apHayTCKO He 

3hoht, MafiKa My Afl^KHOBa He 3hoht, caMO 6yrapcKO. 

Xa^}KH nnpyniH: MafiKa mh Moa, mh noHHHan 6paT mh, MafiKa mh nnaHHT, p,a 

a qyeiu Hea, Taa He nporopBaeT hh e/jeH Jiacp flpyr, caMO Haiue, iuec ro/jHHH ch 

nnaKa... 

B. T. E, h necHHTe ca 6yrapcKH, HeMaT KaKBH /ja 6tflaT /jpyrn... 

X. n. HeMaT KaKBH Jia Gn^aT /jpyrn, )KajiKO e, 3a HMarae noeKbe HHrepec, a3 3aTBa 
pa6oTa, fla ce BtpHe HHTepec. (...) 

C. n. fo He cyM TOJibKO MJia/ja, cyM H36eraHa ot bo CreGjieBO, mhoto JiacjjOH Ha 
aji6aHCKO h Kora 36opBaM 6yrapcKH /jOMa co MafiKa mh, co flpyrn, co no-flpyrn, Ka 
(j)OJia jiacjjOH, pa36Hpaiu jih? Ak He ro 3HaHiu, aK He ro ynniH h aK He ce HanpaHT 
Hema, 3a j\& ce npo/joJiacHT, jja ce ynHT cepno3HO, Ka 3arHHHT co CBeTe, fl^Karypn- 
HaTa cera ca nofi/jeHH bo rpa/jOHBe, CreGjieBO HeMa HHKofi. 

X. n. noeKbe 6njia BecejiKa, OTKOJiKy ch 6njia th... 

C. n. J\&, a HMar mhoto ro/jHH Ka He cyM 6njia... (...) BaKeT, #a ce HanpaHT, p,a ce 



282 



otbopht e/jeH KOJier 450 , p,a ce cjjojih..., ho3hkot 6yjirapcKH p,& ce yqjrr, CBeTe ce 

BtpBeT ot Byjirapna... 

X. II. IIojiHTHiiHTe, ot nojiHTHHHre, ot /fbpacaBaBa mo BenaT - a, paGoTairre BHe 

TaM! 

C. II. He ce pa6oTa Taica. A^raia 3e/je e/ma BHJia, Tpii ro/jHHH a qyBaji co ce/jeM- 

ctothhh h nan eypo, Ha nofl HaeM a nyBa, j\a. He npn6epHT Hemo Byjirapna, ^a He 

noMO)KHT, KaKO HeH^pa 6erae Taa, otboph e/mo KacjjeHHe Tye p,a ce 6epeT cbhtc 

6yjirapn, p,a ce 36opBeT, /ja ce CTpenmeT, Tpn ro/jHHH a /jtpaca caM! TpeGnr, aK 

HeMaT noMom, h ... KaK ce Bmcar acejiaHHe, 3a p,a pa6oTaeT h OB/jemHHBe 3a TaMO, 

3a THe mo ca ocTaHaTH h mo 36opBeT 6yjirapcKH. (...) Ako He Aaaaia, hhiho He ce 

npaBHT ot Byrapna. 

X. II. H He caxaT, He HCKaT. 

C. II. To flopacHT H3HKOT, co a^era, co CBHTe a^eTH, fla h bh/jhih Kaxo mo npaaT 

OBflH, Ha hm fi e. Me pa36pa? Hne CMe cneHHanbHH ot 6ynrapHBe Ha/mop, mo 

)KHBeaT, cneHH(j)HHHH. Ce flpyrnre ce 6h3Chh h ot Byjirapna ca H36eraHH, HMaeT 

OTBopeHO, ce HanpaeHH MJibory, MJibory ce no3HHaeT, Kypce Mne Tye po/jemi, Tye 

>KHBeHH, Tye paeraHH, Tye... CBe, CBe, Tye... H p,a ro /jopacHiu ho3hkob, TaMaH mh 

e cneHH(j)HHHHTe, ca/je TOJibKy Tpe6aeT jya. noMaraeT, aa ce Gjiidkct. (...) ByrapHTe 

bo YicpaHHa, bo... THe ce 6eraHH, ot OB^eKa ca H36eraHH, ce no3HaBaeT, Kypce Kan 

Hac e Tyeica po/jemi, aoiBeaHH, CBe, p,a 6erae e/ma noMom o^eHO, p,a bh/hmh noane 

Ka Ka CTaHe cbh... 

XaddKu riupymu, Cademe Tlupyuiu, zp. Cocpun, 10.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



Ca6pn MypaTH: Th chhko hh pa36Hpaiu, aMa HMa xopa He KOHTaKTHpanH co By- 

rapcKO. 

XajiHJi TaMH3n: AMa cnrypHO, cnrypHO /ja acHBeem Ha AjiGamia h Ha BaKBO, He 

Moaceni fla roBopnui Ha 6yjirapcKH a3HK. 

C. M. Bpa6oTa - aji6aHCKH, flOMa - cbhtc, a3 HMaM aeTe flBero/niumo, ro ynnr 

Mainca My, ro HMa bh^cho Ajickc, ro HMar bh^cho Mar^a, )Kopo, ro HMaB TyKa 3a 

TioprbOBfleH. Bo TnpaHa mh e po/jeHO h My roBopa 6yjirapcKO. Aji6aHCKO ro ynn 

co fleua Ha^Bop, Ha npe/mncojio. 

Ca6pu Mypamu; Xajiuji TaMU3u, p. 1974 z. e Cmedneeo, o6p. cpedno, Menad^cep, 

padomuji e Eepona, otcueee e/Jypac; c. Cmedneeo, 17.06.2007 a, san. B. Tonneea 



BnojieTa MyparoBa: Be3 flpyro, ice ^khbhih, Ke bh^hih. Ka 3eMaiu ot acHBorra h 
Ka flaBaiu. 5i 3HaM 3a Cre6jieBO TOJibKy. .33 cyM po/jem bo Cre6jieBO, HaHa h 6a6o 
moh, MafiKa h TaTKO ca po^eHH TyKa b CtcGjicbo, ca acHBeaHH bo CtcGjicbo, TyKa 
njiaKJie h neajin necHH 3a CBaB/je Ha 6"bJirapcKH ho3hk. H apHayTCKOBO ro HMaMe 
Haiue, 3amo Taxa h 36opBaMe, Ka ce poayjaeT ot MafiKa, Kora 3acj)aTeT 3a 36opBaeT, 



283 



ce 36opBaT ho3hkot, mo 36opBajia HaHa Moa, 6yrapcKHOT. Ilocjie apHayTCKO, mo ro 

BejiHMe MHe, mnn.... Tea ro yuar, Ha Tea Kyiai, mo HMa uncojiapn, mo ca npaBeim 

CBeTe KaTeropHH iukojio, ntpBirre KJiace, noane ocyMTe icnace, nocne CTpe/mo, 

noc.no roneMOTO, Tye ce 36opBar aji6aHCKO p,o e/mo. 

BecejiKa ToHueBa: Th ot ntpBO p,o neTBtpTO ch th yunna Ha aji6aHCKH /jenara? 

B. M. J\&, Ha aji6aHCKH. Tne 36opBaT 6yrapcKH, aMa ho3hk, nniueHe Kan HaMH He- 

Mano, a He... a icy cyM 6mia Ha iukojio, Ha cpe/moTO bo Eji6acaH Kora cyM npaBHJia, 

cyM npaBHJia pycKH, TaMO pycKH, ueTa pycKOTO fie... 

B. T. ,3,Ba a3HKa - Ha ihkojio 36opBaiu apHayTCKH... 

B. M. ,H,OMa 36opBara 6yrapcKH. 

Buojiema Mypamoea, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



Bo)khh OnjibOKH: CnTe /jeHara ro 3a6opaBHa - hh 6i>JirapcKH, hh MaicejipHCKH, hh 
ci>p6cKH, caMO aji6aHCKH. H TOJibKy mh e acan, icaico /ja th Ka>KeM, a h goMa BHKaM, 
Ka o/ja Ha mhoto MecTa - nomo th 3Haera, Hexa 3hoht. Ila to e h3hkot MafiuHH, 
H3HKOT ot 3aKOHOx 5i cyM MJibory (jjaHaTHK ce BHKa no aji6aHCKH. He caKar Taxa, 
fla 3Hanx Jlorao jih e /ja 3Haera H3Hnn. .33 Mora co ueTHpn-neT ^tp^KaBH p,a ce pa3- 
6epa, co MaKeflOHnnre, co 6i>JirapHTe, co HexocjiOBannre, co nojiOHe3HTe, pycKH, 
axo He CBe, Mora, mokcm p,a ce... Taice hh Bejiea Hac. BeBMe Bpa6oTa TaMO no ... 
HMaBMe h aprarn, BHKaMe Mne, ajin Tne pa6oTae Hace, a nocjie peicoa #a pa6oTaTe 
co MaficTopnBe, rn caicae Hac /ja pa6oTae, h ce CKapaBMe h hh BHicae TaM bo jxa- 
peKTopna. Kaico mo, ce pa36paBMe h HHe en 3acj)aTHBMe no Hauie, 6yjirapcKH. IIo- 
CJie Ha yTpoTO Kora oth/jobmc Bpa6oTa BHKaT eaeH - Eeicbo, e Mope, Tne 3a(j)aTne 
6"bJirapcKH, fla He ce pa36pa Hnmo! 3am Tne He 3Hae (cMax) no G'bJirapcKH. He ce 
pa36pa Hnmo. noeKbe G'bJirapn hh BHicaa Hac. 
Eookuh (PujibOKu, ap. Tupana, 01.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



EcaT Tram: Obhc MeraaT, OBne cjiaBCKO, CTapo MaKH/jOHCKO, opHrnHajmo, pycKO 

BJiaraT BHOTpa, 6yrapcKO BJiaraT, cop6cKO, iuapeHO opo. 

BecejiKa ToHueBa: CjiaBCKO, Hne BHKaMe cjiaBaHCKO. 

E. E. CjiaBaHCKO - cjiaBCKO. K)rocjiaBHa. 

B. T. A e3HKa, j\qto ro roBopnTe, KaKOB e, 6yrapcKH? 

E. E. Baice roBopHMe Hne, 6yrapcKH. Ka mo roBopa cera. Ha 6yrapcKH. 

B. T. OTKb/je 3Haera? 

E. E. OTKT>fle 3Haa... Taic e ocTaHajio, roBopnra 6yjirapcKO, 6yjirapcKO n MaKe/jOH- 

ckh e^HO e, 6jih30 e. 

B. E. Ejih3ko e, ho He e ejjHO h cbmo. 

E. E. He BptmaT ot iukojio, aMa ce pa36npaMe no Majio. 

B. E. Modern jih fla nnuiera Ha 6"bJirapcKH? 

E. E. He. 

Ecam runu, zp. Tupana, 31.03.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 

284 



2.5.4 HjviaMe dopatcauo uo3UKom 

CacjjeT THHH: HMaMe flop>KaHO ho3hkot ot CTapjrre, ot neTHpenceT n neT ro/nnm 

KOMyHH3Ma Tpe6ame p,a ce 3a6opaBeme CBeTe, CMe Ofltp^Kane. OB/je bo TnpaHa ce 

3a6opaBH. Kora 6eine Hapo/jOT ce /jop>Kea cbhtc n ce /jop^Keiue, aK Ke H36eram... 

ce ry6HT. Ka noniu bo H/rajina, /j>KarypHHaTa pacTHT, He Ka 3HaHT aji6aHCKH, He kh 

3HanT 6yrapcKH. To ry6eT. Bo ihkojioto ce ry6nT. 

BecenKa ToHneBa: ,H,OMa (jjaMHjmaTa MO^ce p,a roBopn Ha 6yrapcKH? 

C. r. 5KeHa mh Moa He 3hoht 6yrapcKH, ^^KarypeTO Moe He 3hoht 6yrapcKH, Kora, 

e/jeH caaT Benep... Ka ro nynia Kan MaMxa mh h Tarico j\& ynHT, HHaKO... (cMax) JleTe 

b CTe6jieBO. 

Ca(pem fuHU, 31.03.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



Xa/pKH nnpyuiH: Hne CMe BJierae bo Gt-JirapinnHara Ha HaiunoT panoH h nepco- 
HajiHO CreGjieBO, cera e mhoto MajiKO, aico BJie3em /ja Ttpcnra noBeKbe, noBeKbe 
Hema, ca^e a Ha mhoto momchth HMaM cpema co npenoaaBarejnca ot Eynrapna 
Kan Hac, HMar HHTepBio 3eMaeT, HMaT Hexa flyMa, Ta Ka3BaT - oooo, 3Jiaro, mhjihh- 
ko, KaK MO)KeT Taa /jyMa 3a acHBeeT OB/je b Aji6aHna. HMa mhoto /jyMH. 3amo? -3 
HMaM mhoto npo6jieMH kt>m EtJirapna. BtJirapna HMaT mhoto mhoto 3a aaBar 3a 
OBHe MecTO, HHKora He ce rpiDKHJia. H fltp^KaBara. AMa me &bp,e. Ako HMaT xopa 
KaTO MeH h icaro Tax, Ka ch npo/rbjmaBa. Cera nonBaMe ^a CTpoHMe KOJie)Ka OB^e 
b Aji6aHHa, me 6i>aeT, a6cojHOTHO me 6i>aeT, HaMaT KaK pp. He. MoaTa CTpaTerna 
Ke a CBtpiua, p,o KaTO cyM )khb a, 6e3 ppyro, HaMaT hhkoh npoTHBHHK He MO>Ke /ja 
cnenejiH kbm mch. 
Xadotcu riupyuiu, zp. Cocpun, 10.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



2.5.5 He hu ocmaeaa da sdopujue dyzapcno 

OaTHMe Tpy/ia: Hne pa6oTaBMe, bohhhhhtc Haran Tya ce/jea p,o Hac, apMHaTa... 

Hne 36opBaMe apHayTCKO, He hh oeraBaa 3a 36opHMe 6yrapcKO, no... 

BecenKa ToHneBa: He bh /jaBaxa? 

O. E IIo, fla He 36opBHTe HHaKBO..., 6poerae, Hne MepeBMe 3eMaTa, MeTpa, Toa... Ka 

BHKame - e/jHO, /jBa, Tpn, nerapn, neT, 6poeme Ha OHaKBaTO, Hne 3HaeBMe, TyKy He 

hh ocTaBaa, Ka MOJineBMe. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: Cpt6cKnaT rpaHnnap hm 6pon, Te pa36npaT, ho He CMeaT 

fla ce oGa^aT. 

O. r. ByrapcKH... caMO apHayrcKH. CTapnTe Haran, 6a6o He 3Haeme apHayTCKH, 

caMO 6yrapcKH, Hne HaniKOJio HaynnBMe apHayTCKH, He 3HaeBMe, ko ce pa3MemaB- 

Me, 36opeBMe caMO apHayTCKH, coc Te6e HeMa 3a roBopa, co EHBepnna apHayTCKH, 

th ce ocjjeHflHBam, ce noKtpBeiu, #a nporopnMe apHayTCKH, Te6e th CTaHe jiouio, 

My CTaHe jiouio Ha raa TaM... ITo-JiecHO hh e 3a 36opnM 6yrapcKH, apHayTCKH 360- 



285 



piiMe no-pe/jKO. HMam tboh... Ke 3eMara, Ke o/niiu Ha na3ap - mo 36opBirre BHe Ha 
TaKOB ho3hk? ynnre ro! -3 3aiHO 3HaM Ka Bac, h BHe 3HafiTe Ka MeHe! Momhhcto 
Moe Ke ro nymaM p,a ynn Kypc 6ynrapcKH...Ce ynn Kypc aHrancKH, nrajiaHCKn 
ynnr HauiKOJio, h 6yrapcKO jya. ro 3HaHT, 36opBaMe Hiie, /ja ro HMa no/HinmaHO. 
0amuMe Tpyda, c. Cme6neeo, 22.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



BafipaM By3HOB: Ha KyjrrypHHOT jjom He hh oeraBaa jya. neeM necMH 6yrapcKH, 
caMO aji6aHCKH. IleeBMe caMO no CBaT6n h b /jom, HeKa/je Ka/je ce/meBMe bo pa- 
6oTa n neeBMe 6yrapcKH, bo KyjrrypHHO /jom - He. 3a nponaraH/ja arnracHOH /jBa- 
Haece ro/mnn b 3aTBop. 

Ca6pn MypaTH: Hne ro HMaMe nyBaHO Hacnna 6yrapcKHO, aMa Eyrap na hhiiio He 
3hoh 3a Hac, He 3hoh, flexa CMe 6yrapini. 

B. B. Bo AP aq HHe CMe CBHTe rojioGtpflCKH jho/hi, HMa Tpnnce KyKH, ca/je necMH 
6yrapcKH ch neeMe h nyBaMe, ca/je necMH 6yrapcKH.. (...) Hne hh MaKe/jOHCKO 
36opHMe, hh cpt6cKH, caMO 6yjirapcKH. Hne 6jiaro Ha Eynrapna. 

C. M. Hejio ronoG'bpao caMO 6yrapcKa My3HKa cjiymar, He aji6aHCica, hh HHKaK- 
Ba. 

EaupaM Eysuoe, Ca6pu Mypamu, c. Cmedjieeo, 17.06.2007, san. B. Tomeea 



Becejnca ToHneBa: MeHe mh e ny/mo - raa p,eu,a 3HaaT 6yrapcKH h th 3Haeni 6y- 

rapcKH, raa ca /jena ctcGjicbckh h cera HeicaKO - He ch jih caicajia pp. hm 36opBani 

Ha 6yrapcKH b ihkojio? 

BnojieTa MypaTOBa: Kofi /ja mh ro p,ap,euie Tea HaMH? Tea HeMaiue Kofi /ja hh ro 

p,ap,e Hac. E^ho. ,H, BeTe ~~ fl a HMaT e/mo npaBO /ja BJie3eT Ha ynnjiHine, fio3HK c 

e/mo npaBO, co e/ma KHnra, a3 MO>Ke p,a cyM mhoto cafi6na, aMa HeMam npaBO. 

Pa36npara? He mo* #a 36opBaui. 

B. T. KaKBH necMH? ApHayTCKH? Bo nporpaMa Ha ihkojio? 

B. M. ApHayTCKH. Byrapcxa necMa - HHKOJibKy Byrapcxa jxyM& - Ha CBaB^n, Ha 

paaocra, noBeK HeMaT peneHO - CTon, jjo TyKa, HeMa Bexe 3a ro 36opBHre Tofi fio- 

3hk. HeMaT peneHO. H ^eHecKa, mo cyM a b TnpaH, mo )KHBea, mo pa6oTa, HMaT 

HOBeK, mo ch 36opBHT co MeHe 6yrapcKO, en 36opBHT, en ro 3HaM - en ro 36opBaM, 

He moht 3a Me 3anpnx.. 

B. T. He e 6hjio 3a6paHeTO. 

B. M. HHKOJibKy TyKa hhkoh He no6apaji, He no6apaji hhkoh, 3amo, Hne He ro 

HMaBMe ho3hkot #a ce 6poHT... Hne He CMe ce 6ponjiH MHHopnreT. He CMe 6poeHH. 

Mne CMe 3Haejie, ne 36opnMe 6yrapcKO, aMa CMe aji6aHHH, aMa 36opnMe 6yrap- 

CKH. 

Buojiema Mypamoea, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



286 



2.5.6 E-bJizapu hu eunae... 

Btokhh OiuibOKii: ... noone ,na 36opBam 6tJirapcKH, Gtnrapn hh BHKae. BtJirapn, 
na h TaMO no pa6oTHTe, mo 6eB a - 6ynrap! EtJirapii, na hh nocMeBae - ere 6tJi- 
rapn, na He mo^kcm p,a 6np,eM ajiGamiH Hne, 3amp AjiGaHHa mia/ja n /jeBeTCTOTHH 
n /jBaHancTara ro/jHHa ce OTBopn, p,o Tora HeMarae... Typnna 6erae p,o Tora, Typ- 
ckh 36opBaa. KeMajiH KpeHa 3HaMeTO TaMO bo Bjibopa n ot Tora 3aBa/nia uiko- 
jia, aji6aHCKH uncojia, ino ce Hanpan KOHuejiaHCKO... nocne ce OTBopn uikojio, na 
TaMO bo KneHbe, bo CTe6jieBO, bo Tpe6nina, He 3Haea, Kora oaea Ha uikojio /jeHara 
MajiH, 36opBaa 6i>JirapcKH. HeMauie p,o Tora. Ilocjie KneHbe ce Hanpan Hafi-Jibeno, 
ce CTa6HJiH3npa, ce Hanpan 30 irncojia, rojieMO uikojio, HMauie TpneceT aacKajni, 
KaKO ce BHKa Ha 6yjirapcKH, /jacKajiH, bo KneHbe ce Hanpan. Co jibOKajinreT ro 
BHKaMe Hne, o6uniHa. 
Eookuh (PwibOKu, zp. Tupana, 01.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.5.7 Ajiu Eyzapun, ajiu MaKedonun... 

HoBaHKa OnjibOKn: 3amo hm aaae uikojio Ha MaKeflOHHure bo Ilpecna. 

Tpo3fla nonn: Tne en ro 6apae, Hne He caKaBMe MaKeaoHCKH, ca/je 6yrapcKO, co 

Tpe6nui,a HMaMe imaKO, CtcGjicbo, rimeeH, KneHbe 36opHMe 6yrapcKO, mo ro 

pa36npaMe CBe, a Tne ,H,)KenHina... noeKbe 36opea Ha MaKe/jOHCKH. 

HoeaHKa (Pujiboxu, Tposda Tlonu (TIonocKa), zp. TupaHa, 01.04.2008, san. B. Toh- 

neea, K. Pamonee 



BecejiKa ToHneBa: 3HanH MiocjiHMaHHTe Ka3Bar, ne roBopaT 6"bJirapcKH, a kphcth- 
3hh — MaKeflOHCKH. 3amo? Ot CTapure 3HaeTe, ne e 6yrapcKH? 
CacjjeT Thhh: JJp, ot CTapure caae 6yrapcKH. MycjiHMaHHBe - 6yrapcKH, Kpnc- 
THHHHBe - MaKeflOHCKH. Hne CMe Herapiiece h neT ro/nnm, KaKO roBopnui - p,a 
Te nHTaT hckoh aji6aHCKH, 6yrapcKH bcjihm. Kypce ^pyrHHe opTO/jOKCHBe BejiaT 
MaKe/jOHCKH. Hne - 6yrapcKH, no CTapo TaKa ocTaHaTO. 

B. T. AMa cera ma jxbpmaBa MaKe/jOHHa... 

C. E Tea fla ch no/jejiar caMH /j-bp^KaBHBe. J\& ch rn no/jenar, Hne He caKaMe /ja 
3HaHMe... Hne ch 3HauMe, ko mo nHTaT, Ka Ka^Ka. 

B. T. B CTe6jieBO Ka3Baui ce no/wbp>Kame e3HKa, CHTe roBopexa Ha G'bJirapcKH, a 
koh roBopeuie Ha aji6aHCKH, Ha apHayTCKH? 

C. T. Ha apHayTCKH ot Koa Ka ynerae, noeKbe Ha 6yrapcKH ce 36operae. H Koa pac- 
TeBMe MaeuKH, 36opeBMe 6yrapcKH. Ot MajieHH - 6yrapcKH. 

Cacpem Tuhu, ap. TupaHa, 31.03.2008, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



287 



BecejiKa ToHneBa: Bne ce mhcjihtc, ie CTe OtJirapn? 3a GtJirapn jih ce mhcjihtc 

HJIH 3a MaKeflOHIIH? 

KaMHJia Hayum: MafiKa mh Moa, Kora BeneBMe KaKOB 36op 36opiiMe - 6yrapcKO, 

He Benea HHKorara MaKe/jOHCKO. Kaxo 36opBHre BHe - 6yrapcKo! Taxe. Ot MafiKa 

mh Moa, Taxa Bejienie MafiKa mh. 

AjiMa Haymn: npe/jn p,a aofi/je EtJirapna, npe/jn 3a Kaacar TaKa OTBopeHO, ca ho- 

chjih no Hemo, eMH ca hochjih no Heino, fla noMoraT Ha xopara, oco6eHO b Tpe6n- 

ina, MaKe/jOHnn, no HaKaKtB HannH MajiKO, cbbccm MajiKO, xopaTa ca 6hjih 6e/mn. 

KaKBH CTe Bne? - MaKe/jOHnn! 

H noBene raa cona TaM. Tpe6nina. B Cre6jieBO mhoto pa^KO hjih nonTH HHKora He 

Moacem fla nyera TOBa. 

B. T. H3JiH3a, ne cejiara b Tojio 6tpflO He ca cthhhh, xe. bcako ce.no en HMa CBoaTa 

ncTopna, HMa pa3JiHKa Meac/ry canara n Meac/ry xopaTa ot cenaTa. Ho mh ce CTpyBa, 

ne Cre6jieBO e ctho ot hhcto TaKa 6i>JirapcKHTe h KaTO MHCJieHe... 

A. x i. A3 TOBa Ka3BaM, He caMO ot TOBa, ot noMomxa, ho h no npHHHnn ot... He 
3HaM, ot Kyjnypara jih, ot Hemo, ce pa3jranaBa b CtcGjicbo, HMaM nyBCTBOTO, ne 
Te noBene MoraT #a Kaacar, ne CMe MaKe/jOHHH, /jOKaro b CtcGjicbo He Moace. He 
Moacem /ja nyera. 

K. H. MafiKa mh moa Bejierae - 6yjirapcKo! 

B. T. A Ta 3Haeme jih aji6aHCKH? 

K. x i. Mano, MHoro Majio. )KHBeajia TaMO, Ha ynnjinine He o/jejia. 

A. H. B kmiih Hne roBopHM 6i>JirapcKH. 

K. H. CaMO 6yjirapcKH. 

A. *L H TyKa npnMepHO, TyKa aKO e Hemo %a e mhoto Becejio hjih p,& ce KapaMe — e 

TaKa H36yxBaMe Ha 6i>JirapcKH. H b KbinaTa na Byfino mh ctino nonTH ce roBopn 

caMO 6i>JirapcKH. 

KxMwia Haymu; Ajimci Haymu, p. 1974 z, e c. Cmedjieeo, o6p. eucme - e Ajidanun 

nedazozuKa, e E-bjizapun - npaeo (CY „ Ce. KjiuMenm OxpudcKu"), otcueee e Tupa- 

na; zp. Tupana, 30.03.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea 



Ca/jeTe nnpyuiH: HnKora He e peneHO ot CTapnre - MaKe^OHCKH, mo 36opBam - 

6yrapcKO. HnKora MaKe/jOHCKO bo HameHO mccto He e... 6yjirapcKO. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: AMa Bne ere Ha rpaHHHa c MaKeaoHna, HMa atpacaBa MaKeao- 

Hna. IlHine ro, b MaKe/jOHCKHTe KHnrn nnme, ne CTe MaKe/jOHnn. 

Xa/jacn nnpyran: HeKa nnme. Cera Taa nojinTHKa e nojiHTHKa, He Mofi TaKa. 

C. n. Ha ncTopnaHHTe My TaKOBex 

X. n. HanpnMep KaTO roBopa 3a Taa TeMa, HeMaT, /me-Tpn H/jaT npn mch ^pyace- 

CTBara, ot MaKe/jOHCKHTe ^pyacecTBa, noeKbe opTO/jOKCHre c Tax /jpyacaT, chjihh 

ca, MaKeaoHHa aaBa mhoto napn. 

C. n. AMa MaKe^OHna pa6oTa c hhmh. 



288 



X. II. H th Ka3BaT ot OBa CTpaHa, THe ce mhoto no-arpecHBHH, no-cnnHH. (...) 
Koa flofifloa Ha nptB, Kora ce cpemHaB nptB ntT co HJieHOBe Ha Tna /jpy>KecTBa, 
flnpeKTHO, ceflHaBMe, ncicaMe p,a nneM no e/jHO Kacjje, roBopHMe... p,a ce npaniu 
(jmrypa, CTaHaT nojiHTHnecKa (jmrypa h HMaiu, pa6oTani mhoto 3a Eyrapna, He 3a 
Eynrapna, Te pa6oTaT 3a ce6e ch. 3aino? IU,o ch CBtpuiHJi th? CyM CBtpiunji 3a 
yHHTen bo AjiGamia, h a3 cyM CBtpinnn... chhkhtc Ha e/jeH chctcm, Ha e/jeH BaKOB, 
yHHJiHma, CHHKHTe Hema. KaK Moacein 3a Ka>Kein th, ne ch MaKeaoHen? KaK Ka3Ba- 
Me Hne - KaK roBopHMe - apHayTCKO hjih 6tJirapcKO? Mainca th, 6ama th, chhkh 
roBopaT, ot Cre6jieBO ch th, ot CreOjieBO ct>m h a, e^eH hhbo ynnnHine, CHHKHTe, 
th Ka3Bara, ne CMe MaKe/jOHnn, OTRt^e ro 3Haera? 3amo? (...) ,3,py)KecTBOTO caM, 
hhkoh He H/nmme Ha cbpjui c MeH, ca/je 6paT mh, iho nomiHa, toh mh noMarBanie 
MHoro h e/jeH 3eT, iho HMaM, flpyrn hobck Ha ct^a - He, neT m>TH cbM BJie3aji b 
ewia, He mh ro /jaBax Tiie Ka3Bae - He, ca^e ca Eynrapna... He, Ka3BaM a, Hne ro- 
BopHMe 6yjirapcKO, an/je /ja 36opHMe 6ynrapcKO. Ha neT hbth cy^naTa pene - 6pa- 
bo, a hhiuo ne cyM 3Haejia 3a Tojio 6tp30, cera cyM mhoto acHa (...) HnnnnaTHBa 
nepcoHajiHa 6e3 a6cojnoTHO HHKaKBa noMom ot hhkoh, nepcoHajrao n ot pyx, a 
to 3a HCKax pa npaBa aanaBepH a, a mokcb pa en npaa, a mokcb pa CTpoa xotcji 
bo BapHa, 3Haera jih kojiko ajiGaHnn HMar 3a rpa^K/jaHCTBO 6e3 pa ce... flpy^KecTBO 
cera TaKe npae, ^aBara yaocTOBepeHHe, 3a pa 3eMaT napn. J\& Me H3Jia>KeT mch He- 
koh... 3a flOKyMeHT - TaKcara, hjichctboto Ha /jpy>KecTBOTO, pa HMa, ntpBHTe neT 
roflHHH cyM fltpacen a caM, ot mohtc napn, a HMaM nacraa (jmpMa. 
B. T. Ch flaBan ot ce6e en. 

X. n. He MO)Ke HHaK pa ce pa6oTH. H ot Taa CTpaHa, cera e epea momcht mhoto 
mhoto mhoto KpHTnneH, cera aKO HMaT e/jeH HHTepec, HMaMe Bpi>3Ka, aKO HeMar 
HHTepec - Hne Ka3axMe: aKO nomie no-Gtpso pa ce aaBaine rpa^KflaHCTBO, Ka aoe- 
rae e/jHH momcht, Ka HMauie noBeKe xopa... 
Xadotcu riupyuiu, Cademe Tlupyuiu, zp. Ccxpux, 10.06.2008, san. B. Touneea 



BecenKa TomieBa: Th mhcjihui, ne BHe CTe 6yrapn, MaKe/jOHnnre BmcaT, ne CTe 
MaKe^OHnH, cera KaKBH CTe mh Kami! 

Cnnpo MapKy: MaKeaoHnnre... TyKy a, CTapnTe Haiun Benea noeKbe Ha 6yrapcKO, 
pa6oTaHH 6yrapn, #eMeK noeKbe 6yrapn poiipeim bo Hauie ceno, e flonfleHn, e 
nonfleHO, e 6H,reHO 6yrapn b CTapoTO Hauie, ot CTapnre 3HaM, mo ca 6HfleHH no- 
eKbe 6yrapn n h3hkot, mo BenHMe Mne cera, mo 36opnMe, noeKbe Ha 6yrapcKO e 
H3HKOB Ham. 

B. T. H co MaKeaoHnnre ce pa36npaTe flo6po. 

C. M. Hcto ce pa36npaMe h co MaKe/jOHnnre, aMa h3hkob Bam e no-nncT. H3hkob, 
mo 36opnre Bne bh pa36npaMe no-nncTO ot MaKeaoHCKOTO, MaKeaoHCKOTO KaKO pa 
Menncar Mano, He moh pa pa36epnM, HMa MemKaHO, h cp"b6cKO, TaMO n aji6aHCKO 
ce 36opn, a Kora 03a Kan BHyKOT moh, toh ch ro HMa yneHO h3hkot ot TaTKO My, 
eHH jiacj)OH He My pa36npaM, ce HacMea - He 3HaM mo Berni (...) MaKe/jOHHa hh e 



289 



rpa/jHima c Hea, MaKeapHHa h3hkob ro mchbct mhoto, ce MeHBa h3hkob HeroB c 
Haiuna, Ka 36opBaMe, HMaT eaHH jia(|)OH - He My pa36npaM, HMaM a BHyicoT TaM, 
Kora Ka 36opHMe, He 3HaeM mo bcjih. 
Cnupo MapKy, c. Bopjuuifa, 05.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



AMea, TaMH3n: MaKeaoHHa, jnoaeTO MaiceaoHHa BenaT noeKbe Kpafi Hac CTe MaKe- 

flOHHH. MaKeflOHHa bcjih - Bne CTe MaKenpHHH. 

Becejixa ToHieBa: A Bne KaKBO mhcjihtc? 

A. T. IIo H3HKOT Mne BejiHMe, ko neHT Ha paano necMH MHory y6aBH, ca Kaxo 

HauiH, Kaxo MecTO Hanie, Baran necMH ca Kaxo Mne bo ceno Haiue, a MaKeaoHCKH 

-He 

Becejnca ToHneBa: A h MaKeaoHCKH rn pa36npaTe. 

A. T. H MaKe^OHCKH, h 6yrapcKH, aMa He 3HaM cera, noeKbe HHe 3HaeM 6yrapcKH, 
6yrapn, npHaofiaeHH ot Byrapna. E CTapo ceno, mhoto e CTapo, npep, miaaH ro- 
flHHH, mhoto roflHHH KaK e... H3HKOT. H3hk Ham He ce HHTa, He ce nHIHHT - HH 
6yrapcKH, hh MaKeaoHCKH h3hk, iho tobophm. 

B. T. Bne He ro nnnieTe BaranoT a3HK? 
A. T. He, He, caMO ro tobophm. 

A. )K. A BepHO jih e, ne apHayTHTe bh BHKar 6yrapHH? 

A. T. J\&, apHayTHTe 6yrapHH BHKaT Hac, BenaT - 6yrapn CTe, apHayTHTe Kaacar Ha 

aji6aHCKH h hh BenaT 6yrapn, He hh BenaT MaKeapHHH, rae hh BHKaT 6yrapn, na 

KaK ce flofiae OBe ho3hk, h HHe He ro 3HaeM ao6po, aMa ap6pe pa36npaMe. Kora 

aofiaoa THa ot KpoaHHa, MO^ceBMe aa hm pa36npaMe Ha «3hkot, cjiobchhtc He, He 

MoaceM, HMa npyra, Ka Ha pycKH, He MoaceBMe 3a ce pa36npaMe. Co KpoaTHre ce 

pa36npaBMe, co MaKeapHHa ce pa36npaMe, co Bac Byrapna ce pa36npaMe. H bo 

TtpHHa HMaT eaHa MaKeapHHa h c hhmh TaK h tobophm Ka Hac... 

Ajued Tomu3u, p. 1940 z. e c. Cmediieeo, o6p. 7 km., MysuKawn, (pomozpcKp, dion- 

zepun, ceza napoden Jienumeji (6ujiku); c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, 

A. sKcuioe 



BecejiKa ToHieBa: A ere 6yrapn Bne hjih ere MaKeaoHHH? KaKBH CTe? 

TeoprH Hnaynnco: Hero MaKeapmiH... 

B. T. B Cre6jieBO BHKaT 6yrapn ne ca. 

E II. He. He moht 3a 6iiaeT, HHe CMe 6jih3ko BaKa Ha jiHHHaBa c MaKeaoHHa, Pa- 

ayn hh aejiHT. TaKa, KaKBO aa BHKaui, Ka BHKaui. (...) 

feopzu rijiayvuKo, c. Knenbe, 05.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea 



Ecar i~hhh: Ha ctoto flBaece BJiara pycKO, cnaBCKH h3hk, cnaBCKH h3hk. 
BecejiKa ToHneBa: AMa th TaKa ro mhcjihih... 



290 



E. E 5i Taxe ro Mncna. PycKO BJiarar, cop6cKO - no, CTapoMaKH/jOHCKO opnrHHa- 

JlbHO. 

B. T. Crapo MaKe/jOHCKO? 

E. E J\a, CTapoMaKHflOHCKO ot CKonne, Kypce 6yrapcKO - no, BJiaraeT MJibory 

H3nnn, mo 36opBHMe mhc 

B. T. A mo e CTapoMaKHflOHCKO n HOBOMaKH/jOHCKO? Koe e pa3JiHKa? 

E. r. Majio co rpaMaTHKa. (...) CrapoMaKHflOHCKO.... MJiaaoMaKHaoHCKO HMa no- 

eKbe cpt6cKO... (...) Ctp6cKO n KpoaTCico HMa, ctpGo-KpoaTCKO, axo jja ynnm h3hk 

3a... 6erae lOroanaBHa - ctpGo-icpoaTH, to ce no3HHa... 

B. T. AMa eTO th BHicain - HMa pycKO, HMa cptGcico, HMa MaKH/jOHCKO, mo e 6yrap- 

ckh Torara Toa a3HK? BHKare 6yrapcKH a3HK. 

E. E EyrapcKH ro BHKaMe. 

Ecam funu, c. Cmedneeo, 02.06.2008, san. B. Tonneea, A. sKaiioe 



2.5.8 KeMcrn Amamypuo - H H3 cyjn cmedjieecuu! 

Emhh Myparn: Hmcbo /ja e 6nfleH KeMajib. Eo/jmia, He 3HaM Koa ro/jmia e 6H,reH 
Ajih Eajin, ot EajieBnnTe, MaficTop bo CraMGyji. MancTop. OcTamjie mhoto fla- 
jieKO ot OBa, KaKO ro BHicaTe, ot nopTHTe. 
Xafl)KH nHpyran: .Hypyc KaK ce Ka3Ba? 
KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: IIpHCTaHHine. 

X. II. IIpHCTaHHine, HeMaMe ayMa hhc IIopTa. Kopa6nTe, mo uj\qt ot MopeTO... 
E. M. H OBe ATaTypKO 6aparae MancTop, mo fla My ro hocht MopeTO. ..(...) H OBe 
My OTH^e jiacjjOBeTe Ha ohs, n e/jeH ot Aji6aHHa, apHayT, apHayrjitK ro BHicae OBe 
Ajih Eajin. Ton pene - OBa, ica ice pa6oTa, Tea CBeTe, h ro npaBeme. H obs My ro 
CBtpuin, ro HaMecTH TaMO, ro njiaTH ATaTypKO. E/jeH /jeH Ha Meam nneuie ^pyra- 
pnTe OB^e - th HeMaui pa6oTa c Hac, th ch b flpyra TaBOJiHHa, Maca, ro npoxapa, 
My no6apa MaHKara, My pene obs, e/jeH Typcxn. Obs KaKomo HMame mniueTO ro 
onpaTHT TypcKHOT. Ha Manica, My pene, My no6apa MaHKara. H /jon/je pa6oTaTa 
ro/jeHOBne co... 3a yMperae, Tpe6ejio cera fla oht j\& KJiaHT... AraTypico, npe3HaeH- 
toto, Ajih Eajin. IU,o CTopn, mo HanpaBH, en y6nji hobck! ,3,OHeceTe mh ro, Mopn. 
III,o en HanpaBHJi? H My ica^Kaji npaBO - a ch 6eB Ha mos Maca TaMO, Me npoicapa 
MeHe. H OBne My Taice — Ke th ^a^aM napn, #a mh Hanpaniu HeuiMara, Ha Ohjish 
MecTO, co HMe, neuiMa, Boaa. HeniMara, 3a ^BanceT h qerapn caaTH /ja ce c/jyic- 
Bera ot bo Typnna, 3afleTO ch onpajio, 3a /nmficeT n nerapH caaTH 3a 6era ot bo 
Typnna! H My p,ap,e ^BaHaeceT HanojibOHn ajirbH, n My pene - /ja mh a Hanpaniu 
neinMara Ha Ohjish - Tep3nnna ce BHKa. 5i HanpaBHJi, mhoto y6aBa. 
K. P. Rbfle e Taa Tep3nnna? 

E. M. B CreGjieBO. Hmcto ro BHKare, mcctoto Kan qeniMara e Tep3HHna. 
K. P. A3 He pa36pax KaK ot CTaM6yji - Cre6jieBO? 

X. II. ATaTypK, toh CTe6jieBnaHOT, MaficTopoT... toh Ha e/jeH momcht bo e/mo 3aBe- 
fleHne, Ha /jpyraTa Maca ro npoKapBaT Ha Mainca My. IIoHaTaMO cy/maTa My Ka3Ba - 



291 



th me ce o6ecHin, slmsl 3a /ja ce o6ecHT npe3H/ieHT0T Tpe6a j\a. no/niHme. ATaTypK 

— fla OHiu fla CTpoHiu Taa neniMa! 

E. M. Th ch ot Cre6jieBO - Ha th obhc napn j\a. mh Hanpaniu neniMaTa Ha (})HJiaH 

MecTO. H wi cyM ctcGjicbckh - My pene! 3a /nmficeT h neTHpn caaTa p,a ce Ttp- 

rHHIU OT bo TypuHfl. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: ,3,aBa My npaBOTO %a H36ara. 

E. M. .33 OBa HCTopna a 3HaM ot e/jeH CTapeii, mo yMpe Ha cto ro/jHHH. KepHM 

EoH/pKHa. 

K. P. Koa rofleHa e yMpeji Toa hobck? 

E. M. KepHM e yMpeH Ha meficeT h e/ma roflima 451 . Ton He 6eme ocTaBHJi Eynra- 

pna, Cop6na, cer/je HMame iueTaHO KepHM. 

Emuh Mypamu, Xaddtcu Tlupymu, zp. Tupana, 04.04.2008, san. K. Pamonee, B. 

Tonneea 



2.6 <l>ojiKJiopeH ceeTorjiea 
2.6.1 CeHKo, Mapm, Anpuji... 

OaTHMe Tpy^a: >lHap ce BHKa Konomw, Cchko, MapT, Anpnji, nocne He 3HaM, Man, 
Hepenma, Tym ce BHKa )KeTBap, ocmh MeceH, ce/jMH He ro 3HaeM, Mhtpob MeceH 
eflKHaficeTH, Ho/jap e /nrnHHaficeTH. Ce^yMTH He ro 3HaeM h /leBera, h /jeceTH. 
^eBeTH e IU,aTop Ha aji6aHCKH. Ce 3a6opaBHa, ro/nnm... 
(Pamwue Tpyda, c. Cmedneeo, 18.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



OaTHMe Tpy^a: ,H,eHecKa e KyfiHOKC, KyfiHOKC e boptht ce KyH 3HMa, /jeHec BopTy- 

nyM ce BHKa, KyfiHOKC. Ce Kycn /jchot, Ka 3eMa HOKbBa. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: ,H,eHec e Hafi-flOJirHOT? 

O. E Chhohks e 6nfleHa Hafi-Kbcara HOKb. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: ToBa npa3HHK jih e? 

O. r. He. Ce 3Hae, mo Ha Kan ^chob h HOKbTa ce/jOT Ha e/mo mccto, Ka nnjieHO bo 

HHHeHO Kora ceHT, hh 3HMaT, hh KycHT. Me pa36Hpaiu, ^eHOB ceHT, hh KycHT, He 

HaMepa, /jeBeT co HerapHHaece, co neTHaece. ^.BaficeT h #Ba qepenmap h flBaficeT 

h /nm BHeTop, /nmHaeceTe MeceH ce BpamaT ^chot koh HOKb, HOKb koh ^chot e 

KyHHOKC. 

B. T. CaMO He pa36pax mo bcjihih KaKO nnjieHO bo aime, mo 3HanH? 
O. E rimieHO Kora H3Jie3e nnjieHO ot HHHeHO, hckojiko /jem e >khbo bo aime, bo 
HHHeHO, ce TJianHT. (...) fl,eHOM co HOKbBa hh ce 30ji)kht, hh ce KycHT, ce paBHH, 
KaKO nnjieHO, mo ceHT paBHO bo hhhc, ce TJianHT, Ha tohjio, to ceHT acHBO bo 
hhhcto, hh pacTHT, hh MajieeT. (...) B nepynKaHa. (...) H /jeHOB co HOKbBa ceaeT 
paBHO, Ha e^HO... ^.BaficeT h rbsl Hepeumap Ke saBp^niHT cera ^chob, Ke 3a3HMaT 
HOKbBa, ce aojiacHT HOKbBa, Ka ce KycHT aeHOT. Ha /nmficeT h /jBa BHeTop /jBa- 



npe3 1961 r. 

292 



HaficeTH npep HoBa ro/nraa, ocyM peiia npep HoBa ro/jnHa BpainaT koh JibeTO, ce 
KycHT HOKbTa, ce flOJDKHT fleHOT.. .(...) Cera koh 3HMa ce BparaaT, Ha aBafiHaeceTH 
ce Bptmar koh JibeTO. (...) 
(PamuMe Tpyda, c. Cme6neeo, 22.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.6.2 Ako ujnaiu jnaiiKa u mattiKo... 

OaTHMe rpy/ja: Ako HMara MafiKa - HMara OBe paMO, aKO HMam h TaTKO - HMani h 
OBe paMO, mohhi pa ohih, /HieTe paMa HMam, ch Beceji, Ki>pe Ke ohih, Ke ce BpaTHiu 
Ha MafiKa h TaTKO. He y6aBa >khbot peneiia. 3Khbotot e co Te>KHHa, cbckoh hobck 
HMa raaBa pa My tokh Ha paMeHe. J\& ch /pKarypHHH h pa ocTaniu caMa - Kape Ke 
a 6apara flpyra >khbot. Ha CTapocT ce BHKa. 
(Pamujue Tpyda, c. Cmedneeo, 18.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.6.3 rocnod me6e cu mu zo dan KucMemom... 

OaTHMe Tpyaa: He e khcmct, He e hhbhhot khcmct, khcmctot op Hea Ke H36eraeT, 

Tocnofl Te6e ch th ro pan khcmctot, Tocnofl ro penwn Te6, ch th ro pan Te6e khc- 

MeTOT tboh. He TyrHOT khcmct - TBOfiOT. HHaKO Kpa^eHO. 

Kora ohui noTeM, Tpt>KHiH TparaHa 452 , cne^a, pa e CHer, Ke ra3Hiu th Ha OBaa Tpa- 

ra, nocne a Ha TBoirra, ra3HHi Ha TparaHa, He Ha khcmcto. Mo^ce pa My CTbnHm 

Ha Tpara, He Ha khcmct! Ha TparaBa mh ra3Hiu, Ha khcmcto - He. Khcmctot moh 

e moh. no-apHO 5KHBHIH, aMa Tocnofl pennn 3a Te6e, 3a MeHe TOJibKO Tocnofl ro 

pennn. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: Ako He hh e pan mhoto? 

O. E He mohhi mo pa npanra, tojiko ro penwn Tocnofl. noBeKbe, Ke ce mojihhi. 

(Pamujue fpyda, c. Cmedneeo, 18.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.6.4 A jia mypna, a Jia qtpama... 

OaTHMe Tpy/ia: A Jia TypKa, no CTapnoT KaneHpap, no CTapo wps. Hne BejiHMe a 

jia TypKa, a Jia (jjpaHra, a Jia (jjpaHra CMe Hne, a Jia TypKa e neTnpHHaficeT pchobw 

uop3apu. 

KoHCTaHTHH PaHroneB: CTapnaT KaneHpap e a Jia TypKa, hobhst KajieH/jap e a jia 

(jjpaHra. 

O. r. MecenHHaHa, Ha neraaeceT ce MeHyBa, no e/jeH peH MeHyBa... 

B. T. KaK? He pa36pax. 

O. T. Mne ch raejiaMe a jia (jjpaHra. 

B. T. Ako Ha BTopn rym e HnnnjeH, no koh KaneHpap e? 

O. T. no a jia (jjpaHra, BennMe Hne. 

B. T. A Kora e a jia TypKa? 



293 



O. r. He ro 3HaHMe HHe, HHe ch 3HaHMe a Jia (jjpaHra. CTapHTe rn me/iajie /jchobh, 

npa3HHiiHBe. 

(PamuMe Tpyda, c. Cmedneeo, 22.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.6.5 Tana zu zjiedan cmapume... 

PacjjMiie ABflny: Bo rym, Ha HerapHHaeceT Kaxo e aBaBa ro raeaaM Hanpefl, Kaxo e 

/jeHecica - e coraie, Ksae coinje rym,, noane Ha neTHaficeT kh h e Ka hio e aeHOT ro 

nieaaa CTapHTe - /nmHaficeT MeceHH, mmHaHceT /jhh ice rn mcgan, 30 flBaHafice... 

Co pep,. ^.BaHaficeT /jhh ro /jBaficeT h iuecT, ce nornm ot rym. 

Becemca ToHneBa: 14-th noKa3Ba rym? 

P. A. J\&, Taxa rn nieaaa CTapHTe... 

B. T. 14-th noKa3Ba rym, aivia toh rym, kohto e b MOMeHTa? 

P. A. J\&, no. HMaB 3tJiBa, cecTpa ot MaacoT, bo CeGnma e Taa, Taa h 3HaHT, h 

me/jar, naMeTBaT ot CTapHTe mo e ymuio, Ta e no-CTapa ot MaacoT moh, Te ca mec 

aacarypHHa h 3HaHT Taa. 

B. T. Ako e fleHOT coimeB, 3HaHH me e MeceijOT...? 

P. A. CoHije. 

B. T. Ako BajiH, BpHe? 

P. A. BopHHT, Ke ee BopHe3JiHBO, ko e CTyaeHO, Ke e eryjieH, aico Benr, Ka Benr toh 

MeceH, Ka HMaHT bctpobh, KaKO, CBeKaK. 

Pa(pMue (Paxdue) Aeduy, c. Cmedneeo, 20.06.2007, san. B. Tonneea, K. Pamonee 



2.6.6 Metiama e no-neneHa... 

EoaoiH OnjibOKH: 3a OBbe ro/niHHre, CTapHTe Bcnea - HerapHeceT tojihhh e tokmo 

HOBeK neneH. 3Hae CBe mo... KaKO mo Tpe6e. IIo TypcKH - OKe ce Bmca TaKa neTH- 

pneceT romimi - KtpK Ttp. 

Becemca TomieBa: ToBa e 3a Maac, a 3a acem? 

B. O. 3a aceHa... aceHaTa e flpyro Hemo. 

HoBamca OnjibOKH: 3KeHara noeKbe e neneHa. 

B. O. Mhoto HMaT KaaceHO 3a MaacKHTe, otkojiko 3a aceHCKHTe. 

Tpo33a nonn: 3KeHara e no-neneHa... 

B. O. CTapHTe B&Jiea, aceHaTa ro (})OJiHJia mefiTaHOT 453 b mimie, ro H3MOMHJia. Bjia- 

raT b niHiae. 

E II. Ha MoacoT He My BJiaraiue, He ce 6HTBeme /ja BJie3e b mimie, a aceHaTa... 

B. O. 3KeHara e KaKO jiHCHHa, mo Hanpan aceHaTa - ce Hanpan 6ojiHa, a bojikot 

6eme TOjncy 6ojieH, mo He Moaceme /ja... h OBa OKaT - Ka mo KaacBae KaKO npHKa3- 

Ka, a 3e/je bojikot Ha paMO TyKa h ojiKOBa jiHCKa h hhhht - Bojich 3/ipaB hocht. 

IU,o BeJinm? O, He MoacaM p,a 3eMaM pyui&l A toh 6eme 6ojich. 5i hoch jmcKara. H 

aceHaTa hcto e Ka jmcKara. 



294 



B. T. A th OTichfle a 3Haera Taa npHKa3Ha? 

B. <D. Ila a Ka>KBea CTapHTe, ot CTapHTe a 3HaM, ot CTapirre, ot koto, ica^KBea npn- 
Ka3KH, He caMO 3a TBa, 3a mhoto Hem,a, HMaBMe e/jeH, Hiie JIaM6e ro BHKaBMe, bo 
KneHbe, rLnaymico. Ton 3Haerae KaKBH npHKa3KH, a o/jeB p,a pa6oTa, anil o/jeB Ha 
CBaB^a fla CBHpa an j\a. nea... h HeMax TOJibKy... CBeKoe Hemo e ot npHica3KH. He 
Mora fla Ka>KaM hhcto, TOJibKy He 3HaM, h3hkot He ro 3HaM hhcto, HMar MJibory 
Hem,a, mo ce Ka>KBeT - Taica 6hjio, oxe 6hjio, na h He Moe #a h 6np,eiio Taica. Cera 

MOH fla BJIC3HT BO OBa IHHHie... 

r. IT. CaKaT 3a ce icaacHT oth ^KeHara e 6nfleHa HTpa MHory. 

B. O. Ila h Taice. )KeHa ro (Jjojth ob/ic Berae no-yMHa Taa. 

B. T. Th ch cnrypeH, ne Taa npHKa3Ka 3a jiHCHHara He a 3Haeui ot ihkojio? Ch 

cnrypeH? 

B. O. CTapHTe Toa Ka^Kea, ot HauiKOJio 3HaM TOBa 3a Eoropo/niHa - Eoropo/jHHe, 

fleBO, pa^yfica. A OBa CTapHTe, 6eBMe Mann, nocne a He MoeB, mh e mhoto cjia6o 

HiKOJiOTO, nocne a cyM 3eMeH He co obh Hema, co HCTopnaTa, co 3eMBeH noeKbe co, 

KaKO mo th Ka^KBaM, Ha My3HKa, Ha pa^no... 

Eookuh (PujibOKu, MoeanKa <PwibOKu, Tposda Tlonu (llonocKa), zp. Tupana, 

01.04.2008, 3an. B. Tonneea, K. Panzonee 



2.6.7 HMam oede nuuiano na nenomo... 

AflHJie ABflny: HMaT nniuaHO OB/je Ha hcjioto Ha KOCKaTa, HMaT nniuaHO, OTica ch 

po^eHa py... Ka mo bcjihih th, TaKa h Mne B&JiHMe, no. 

BecejiKa ToHneBa: Th He ro BroK/jaiH. 

A. A. Ce fla ro BH^Kflaiu h #a ro 3hohih, He ^KHBerae. 

Adune Aeduy, p. 1945 z. e c. Cmedneeo, 6p. 7 kji., ueemapcmeo, om 1967 z. otcueee 

e Tupana, zp. Tupana, 01.04.2008, san. B. Tomeea 



295 



IX. CIIHCtK HA OCBE^OMHTEJIHTE 

AflHJie AB/jiiy, p. 1945 r. b c. Cre6jieB0, 6p. 7 kji., HBeTapcTBO, ot 1967 r. aaiBee b 

TnpaHa 

AjiMa HayuiH, p. 1974 r. b c. Cre6jieBO, o6p. BHcrae - b Aji6aHHa ne/jaroriiica, b 

B-bJirapna - npaBO (CY „Cb. Kjihmcht OxpHflCKH"), acHBee b TnpaHa 

AMefl TaMH3H, p. 1 940 r. b c. Cre6jieBO, o6p. 7 kji., My3HKaHT, (jjOTorpacj), aiojirepHH, 

cera HapcgeH Jieinreji (6hjikh) 

BafipaM By3HOB, p. 1931 r. b KjieHbe, o6p. ochobho, pa6oTHJi b KyjrrypHHa /iom b 

KneHbe, aKop/jeoHHCT (cbhphji no CBarGn) 

Eo*chh OiuibOKH, p. 1928 r. b JlaKafiiia (,th. P MaKe/jOHHa), o6p. 3 kji., MaMcTop 

3np,apo-McL3cL*i, raS/iap (cbhphji no CBaT6n) 

BnojieTa MypaTOBa, p. 1955 r. b CTe6jieBO, o6p. Bncrae, HananeH ynnTeji (25 

roflHHH b CTe6jieBo), ot 1 995 r. acHBee b TnpaHa 

Teoprn IIjiaymKO, p. 1940 r. b c. KjieHbe, o6p. 4 kji., Mancrop, pa6oTHJi bt>b 

(jjaGpmca, He e HanycKaji KjieHbe 

Epo3/ja rionn (IIonocKa), p. 1958 r. b c. CTe6jieBO, o6p. 8 kji., pa6oTHJia b 

KOonepaTHBa, ot 2006 r. ro/jHHH acHBee b JJpaq, OMi>>KeHa b EpGejie 

Emhh MypaTH, p. 1934 r. b c. CtcGjicbo, o6p. 4 kji., pa6oTHJi b cictoboactbo, ot 

1991 r. acHBee b TnpaHa 

EHBep AB^ny, p. 1945 r. b c. CtcGjicbo, o6p. cpeflHO, CTponTejieH tcxhhk, ot 1956 

r. }KHBee b TnpaHa 

EcaT Ehhh, p. 1936 r. b c. CtcGjicbo, o6p. 7 kji., ropcKH pa6oTHHK, neHCHOHep 

3eHeji Eaaaca, p. 1931 r. b c. CtcGjicbo, o6p.4 kji., pa6oTHJi KaTO arpoHOM, ot 1955 

r. )KHBee b TnpaHa 

HcManji rnHH, p. 1933 r b c. CtcGjicbo, o6p. 7 kji., ffbpBap, ot 1995 r. acHBee b 

Eji6acaH 

HoBamca OnjibOKH, p. 1962 r. b c. Cre6jieBO, o6p. 8 kji., pa6oTHJia b KOonepaTHBa, 

ot 1989 r. b TnpaHa, cera HMa nacTeH Mara3HH 

KaMHJia Hayran, p. 1950 r. b c. CtcGjicbo, o6p. cpe/jHO cneHnajiHO, pa6oTHJia b 

fleTCKa rpa/nnia, 6io(j)eT, nacTHO, ot 1998 r. aaiBee b TnpaHa 

JIyT(j)He Jlnjia, p. 1924 r. b c. Cre6jieBO, 6e3 o6pa30BaHHe, aoMaKHHa 

MnpBeTKa BaKHHa Aryiun, p. 1950 r. b c. CtcGjicbo, o6p. 4 KJiac, pa6oTHJia b 

KOonepaTHBa 

Mapna PanKO, p. 1941 r. b c. EpOejie (3e6-bpcKo), o6p. ochobho, 3eMeaejiHe, 

owbmeHci b CTe6jieBO 

Mnrpe PanKO, p. 1937 r. b c. CTe6jieBO, o6p. ochobho, 3eMe/jejiHe, He e HanycKaji 

CTe6jieBO 

PacjjMne (Pax6ne) AB^ny, p. 1939 r. b c. CTe6jieBO, o6p. 4 kji., 3eMe/jejiHe, ot 1967 

r. acHBee b Jlyp&c (AP aq ) 

Ca6pn MypaTH, p. 1966 r. b CTe6jieBO, o6p. ochobho, KMeT Ha cejiOTO 

Ca^eTe nnpyuiH, p. 1954 r. b CTe6jieBO, o6p. nojiyBHcnie, Me/niHHHCKa cecTpa, ot 



296 



1977 r. >KHBfljia b Eji6acaH, ot 1997 r. >KHBee b TnpaHa 

CacjjeT Tkhh, p. 1963 r. b CreGjieBO, o6p. ochobho, pa6oTii b CTponrejiCTBOTO, ot 

1989 r. )KHBee b Tnpam 

Cnnpo MapKy, p. 1956 r. bi>b BopMima, o6p. cpeflHO, MaficTop, pa6oTHJi 25 ro/jHHH 

b nomaTa b TojieMO OcTpeHH, cera pa6oTH b o6mHHara b TpeOnma 

Cy3aHa By3HOBa, p. 1967 r. b Cre6jieBO, o6p. cpe/nio, OMt^KeHa b KjieHbe, ot 1990 

r. >KHBee b Jfyp^c (AP aq ) 

Toflopxa MnpnecKa PafiKO, p. 1931 r. b c. KneHbe, o6p. 3 kji., 3eMe/iejiHe, npaKop 

„Pycaima" no hmcto Ha Mt^Ka M 

OaTHMe Tpy^a, p. 1963 r. b Cre6jieBO, o6p. ochobho, 3eMe/jejiHe, ot 1994 r. )KHBee 

b TnpaHa 

OepHT ByraaTH, p. 1 940 r. b c. CreGjieBO, o6p. ochobho, atpBOceicaH, hopmhpobhhk, 

ot 1 994 r. >KHBee b TnpaHa 

OepHT TaMH3H, p. 1943 r. b c. Cre6jieBO, o6p. 4 kji., 6hphhk b Cre6jieBO 

Xa^}KH IiHpyiHH, p. 1949 r. b Cre6jieBO, o6p. Bncnie, pa6oTHJi b MeTaiiyprHHeH 

KOM6nHaT b Eji6acaH, ot 1997 r. >KHBee b TnpaHa, npe/jceflareji Ha ^py)KecTBO 

„ripocnepHTeT Eojio Btpflo" 

XaTHfl^Ke MypaTH, p. 1939 r. b c. Cre6jieBO, o6p. 3 kji., 3eMe/iejiHe, c. Ctc6jicbo 

XajiHJi TaMH3H, p. 1974 r. b CtcGjicbo, o6p. cpe^HO, MeHH/pKtp, pa6oTHJi b EBpona, 

}KHBee b JlypsLC (AP aq ) 

XaMH^a AB/nia Thhh (TJ^khhh), p. 1936 r. b c. CtcGjicbo, 6e3 o6pa30BaHHe, 

3eMeflejiHe, /joMaKHHa 

XaTHfl^Ke MypaTH, p. 1939 r. b c. CtcGjicbo, o6p. 3 kji., 3eMe/jejiHe 



297 



X. PE3IOMETA 

THE BULGARIANS FROM GOLO BARDO, ALBANIA. 
TRADITIONS, MUSIC, IDENTITY 

The book "The Bulgarians from Golo Bardo, Albania. Traditions, Music, Iden- 
tity" presents a society, not enough known not only in Bulgaria, but on the Balkan 
Peninsula as well. This society - the Bulgarians from Golo Bardo, Republic of 
Albania, has an interesting historical fate. After declaring of the independence of 
Albania in 1912-1913 and the constitution of its new boundaries, 21 villages in 
the region of Golo Bardo were situated on the territory of east Albania and six - in 
present Republic of Macedonia. 

Bulgaria has active contacts with these people until the Second World War, fol- 
lowed by "isolation" for more than 40 years. Only in the beginning of 1990s, after 
the falling of the regime of Enver Hodzha and the opening of the Albanian bound- 
aries, the Bulgarians showed again social and scientific interest in these lands. The 
self-definition of this society tends more often to be shown as "Bulgarians" (in 
some cases - as "Macedonians"), but the historical data state that till the beginning 
of 20 c. the national definition of Golo Bardo was only a Bulgarian one, apart from 
the region Macedonia. The external (for the society) name is "Bulgarians" - under 
this name are known people from Golo Bardo among the Albanian population from 
the whole Albania. 

The confession of Bulgarians in Golo Bardo divides into Islam (in higher per- 
centage) and Christianity. The accepting of Islam happens relatively late (probably 
about 18 c.) and in the local narrative sources present memories about the Christian 
past of these people. Many settlements of Golo Bardo used to have at the same time 
both churches and mosques. After 1967, the official state politics in Albania banned 
all religions, which influences the religious life and traditions of these Bulgarians. 

The language of this society, known as "Bulgarian" could be defined as West 
Macedonian Bulgarian dialect. This is a language, used for communication only 
inside the society and family environment and exists only in spoken type. During 
the time of the regime of Enver Hodga, the use of this language in the public space 
and places is not quite desirable and this turns the language into a "domestic" lan- 
guage. Today in Golo Bardo are still elder people, which do not speak Albanian 
language at all. 

The statute of the population of Golo Bardo is not of "Bulgarian" minority, be- 
cause the Albanian state does not recognize such one. In recent years, in diplomatic 
relations between Albania and Bulgaria appears the question of recognizing the 
"Bulgarian" minority in Albania, but it is not solved up to now. 

298 



The present book falls into two parts - a scientific text and terrain materials. 
The scientific text deals with important aspects of the history, religion, traditional 
calendar and family rituals, the music and identity of the Bulgarian society. The 
terrain materials are recorded in the villages Steblevo, Klenie and Vormitza, as well 
as among the migrants from Golo Bardo in the cities Tirana and Duras. These ma- 
terials include selected stories and free interviews about the history, belief, religion 
and the tradition culture of the society, as well as the ethnical identity (with the own 
idea of origin, language and ethnical identity), published in the local dialect; musi- 
cal folklore - 88 songs with music texts; maps and pictures. This is the first publish- 
ing of the collected material in Bulgaria and the song samples and its analysis in 
the text is a type of accent of the edition. Until present days, there are no records, 
notations and publishing of the music folklore of the Bulgarians from Golo Bardo 
not only in Bulgaria, but also in the neighboring Balkan countries as well. 

The aim of this book is to document and preserve a part of the traditional knowl- 
edge of the Bulgarians from Golo Bardo. This book acquaints the readers with a 
Bulgarian society outside Bulgaria, which lived in a foreign language and ethnic 
environment, but managed to preserve the Bulgarian language, culture and tradi- 
tions in the course of time. 



299 



DIE BULGAREN AUS GOLO BARDO, ALBANIEN. 
TRADITIONEN, MUSIK, IDENTITAT 

Das Buch "Die Bulgaren aus Golo Bardo, Albanien. Traditionen, Musik, 
Identitat" stellt eine sowohl in Bulgarien, als auch auf der Balkanhalbinsel unge- 
niigend bekannte Gemeinschaft vor, dessen historisches Schicksal besonders inter- 
essant ist - die Bulgaren aus Golo Bardo, Albanien. Nach der Verkiindigung der 
Unabhangigkeit von Albanien im Jahre 1912-1913 und der Konstituierung seiner 
neuen Grenzen, bleibt der groBte Teil der Ortschaften des Gebietes Golo Bardo auf 
dem Territorium Albaniens - 2 1 Dorfer bleiben in Ostalbanien und 6 - auf dem 
Territorium der heutigen Republik Mazedonien. 

Die Kontakten von Bulgarien mit dieser Bevolkerung waren aktiv bis zum An- 
fang des Zweiten Weltkrieges, woraufhin eine „Isolation" im Laufe von iiber 40 
Jahren folgte, das gesellschaftliche und wissenschaftliche Interesse ist erst im 90. 
Jahren des 20 Jahrhunderts, nach dem Absturz des Regimes von Enwer Hodzha und 
der Eroffnung der albanischen Grenze wiedergeboren. Die Gemeinschaft defmiert 
sich selbst oft als "Bulgaren" (manchmal auch als "Mazedonier"). Die historischen 
Daten zeigen jedoch, dass bis zum Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts das nationale Defi- 
nieren von Golo Bardo nur bulgarisch ist, obwohl die Gegend sich auf dem Gebiet 
von Mazedonien befindet. Die Aussenbenennung „Bulgaren" wird verwendet um 
die Leute aus Golo Bardo unter der albanischen Bevoelkerung ganzes Albaniens 
zu bezeichnen. 

Die Religionen, die die Bulgaren aus Golo Bardo bekennen, sind Islam (der 
grosste Teil) und Christentum. Die Ubernahme des Islams erfolgte relativ spat (18. 
Jahrhundert). In den ortlichen Narativen ist die Erinnerung an die christliche Ver- 
gangenheit anwesend. In einer Reihe von Ortschaften in Golo Bardo haben sowohl 
Kirche, als auch Moschee funktioniert. Nach 1967 ist die offizielle staatliche Poli- 
tik in Albanien mit Religionsverbot verbunden, was einen Einfluss auf das religiose 
Leben und die Traditionen dieser Bulgaren ausiibte. 

Die Sprache, die diese Gemeinschaft spricht, welche „bulgarisch" genannt wur- 
de, kann auf die westmazedonische bulgarische Mundart bezogen werden. Das ist 
die Sprache, die fur Kommunikation im Rahmen der Gemeinschaft und in der Fa- 
milie verwendet, aber nur mundlich iibertragen wird. Wahrend des Regimes von 
Enwer Hodzha war der Gebrauch dieser Sprache im offentlichen Raum und an 
gesellschaftlichen Stellen nicht besonders erwiinscht und das machte sie zu einer 
„Haussprache". In der Gegend kann man immer noch altere Leute treffen, die keine 
albanische Sprache konnen. 

Die Bevoelkerung in Golo Bardo hat nicht das Statut einer "bulgarischen" Min- 
derheit, da sie als solche in Abanien offiziell nicht anerkannt ist. In den letzten 

300 



Jahren wird man in den diplomatischen Beziehungen zwischen Bulgarien und Al- 
banien gestellt. Auf diese Frage ist aber bis jetzt noch keine Antwort gefunden. 

Das Buch ist in 2 Teile strukturiert - ein wissenschaftlicher Text und Feldfo- 
schungsmaterialien. Der Text stellt wichtige Aspekte der Geschichte, der Religion, 
der traditionellen Riten, der Musik und der Identitat von der bulgarischen Gemein- 
schaft dar. Die Feldfoschungsmaterialien (die in den Ortschaften Steblevo, Klenje 
und Wormitsa, als auch in Tirana und Duras aufgenommen worden sind) umfassen: 
gewalte Erzahlungen und freie Interviews iiber die Geschichte, das Glauben, die 
Religion und die traditionelle Kultur der Gemeinschaft, als auch iiber die ethnische 
Identitat (mit ihrer eigenen Vorstellung von Herkunft, Sprache und ethnischer 
Zugehorigkeit), die im ortlichen Dialekt veroffentlicht worden sind; Volksmusik 
- 88 Lieder mit Notenbeispiele; Karten und Bilder. Das ist die erste Publikation 
solcher Materiallien in Bulgarien. Die veroffentlichte Lieder und ihre Analyse im 
Text sind ein eigenartiger Akzent dieses Buches - bis jetzt ist keine Volksmusik 
aufgenommen, notiert und veroffentlicht worden nicht nur in Bulgarien, sondern in 
alien Balkanliindern. 

Das Ziel des Buches ist die traditionellen Kenntnisse der Bulgaren aus Golo 
Bardo zu dokumentieren und zu bewahren. Es stellt eine bulgarische Gemeinschaft 
ausserhalb ihrer Heimat vor, die in einer fremdsprachigen und fremdetnischen Um- 
feld existiert hat, aber die bulgarische Sprache, Kultur und Traditionen im Laufe 
der Zeit bewahrt hat. 



301 



BULLGARET NGA GOLLO BORDA, SHQIPERI. 
TRADITA, MUZIKE, IDENTITET 

Libri "Bullgaret nga Gollo Borda-Shqiperi. Tradita, muzike, identitef'prezanton 
nje bashkesi jo te njohur ne Bullgari, por dhe ne Gadishullin Balkanik, fati historik i 
te cleve eshte shume interesant - bullgaret nga Gollo Borda, Republka e Shqiperise. 
Pas shpalljes se pavaresise te Shqiperise gjate viteve 1912-1913 dhe percaktimi i 
kufijve te saj te rinj, pjesa me e madhe nga qytezat e krahines Gollo Bordo mbeten 
ne territorin e Shqiperise - 2 1 fshatra mbeten ne Shqiperine Lindore, kurse 6-ne 
territorin e sotem te Republikes se Maqedonise . 

Kontaktet e Bullgarise me kete popullsi jane aktive deri ne fillim te Luftes se 
Dyte Boterore, pas kesaj pason nje "izolim" ne vazhdim te mbi 40 vjeteve dhe mezi 
ne fillim te viteve 90 te shekullit te 20, pas renies se regjimit te Enver Hoxhes dhe 
hapjen e kufijve shqiptar, opinjoni shoqeror bullgar dhe interesi shkencor rilinden 
nga e para. Vetpercaktimi i bashkesise eshte me teper si "bullgare" (ne disa raste 
dhe si "maqedonas", por te dhenat historike tregoje se, deri ne fillim te shekullit 
te 20 percaktimi-definacioni i Gollo Bordos ka qene vetem dhe vetem bullgar, 
pavaresisht dhe ne krahinen e Maqedonise. Emertimi i jashtem per (bashkesine) 
eshte "bullgare" - ne kete menyrejane te njohur njerezit nga Gollo Borda mes 
popullsise shqiptare nga e gjithe Shqiperia. 

Fete te cilet jane ekzistuse dhe praktkohen nga bullgaret e Gollo Bordos jane 
islami (perqindja me e madhe) dhe krishterimi. Pranimi i islamit daton relativisht 
vone (mbase aty gjate shekullit te 18) ne doreshkrimet vendase eshte i pranishem 
kujtmi per te kaluaren e krishtre. Ne nje sere qytezash te Gollo Bordo kane 
funksionuar ne nje kohe dhe kishat dhe xhamite. Pas viitit 1967, politika zyrtare 
shteterore ne Shqipei eshte i lidhur me ndalimin e feve, qe ndikon mbi jeten fetare 
dhe reflekton mbi traditat e ketyre bullgareve. 

Gjuha, te cilen e flet kjo bashkesi eshte e quajtur "bullgare", mund te percaktohet 
ndaj se folures me perendimore maqedonase bullgare. Kjo eshte gjuha, e cila 
shfrytezohet gjate komunikimit vetem brenda perbrenda bashkesise dhe familjes 
dhe e cila ekziston vetem ne formen gojore. Gjate kohes se regjimit te Enver 
Hoxhes perdorimi i kesaj gjuhe ne hapsiren publike dhe ne vende shoqerore nuk ka 
qene shume e preferuar dhe kjo e kthen ne nje gjuhe "shtepie". Sot ne Gollo Borde 
akoma takohen njerez me te moshuar, te cilet nuk e flasin gjuhen shqipe. 

Statuti i popullsise ne Gollo Borde nuk eshte i nje pakice "bullgare", sepse 
nje i tille nuk eshte i njohur ne Shqiperi. Gjate viteve te fundit ne marredheniet 
diplomatike midis Bullgarise dhe Shqiperise vihet ceshtja per njohjen e pakices 
"bullgare" ne Shqiperi, por ajo tani per tani akoma nuk eshte e zgjidhur. 



302 



Libri eshte i ndare ne dy pjese - tekst shkencor dhe materiale ne terren. Teksti 
shkencor prek aspekte te rendesishme nga historia, feja, traditat kalendarike dhe 
ritet familjare, muzika dhe identiteti i bashkesise bullgare. Material et ne terren 
(te regjistruara dhe incizuar nga fshatrat Steblevo, Klenje dheVormica, si dhe te 
njerezve te shperngulur nga Gollo Borda ne qytetet Tirane dhe Dures) permbajne: 
tregime te zgjedhura dhe intervista te lira per historine, fene, besimin dhe kulturen 
tradicionale te bashkesise, si dhe identiteti etnik (me nje perfytyrim peronal per 
prejardhje, gjuhe dhe perkatesi etnike) te botuar ne dialektin vendas: folklori 
muzikor-88 kenge me tekste me nota, hata dhe fotografi. Popullarizimi i kengeve 
dhe analizimi i tyre ne tekst jane nje fare akcenti i ketij botimi - deri ne kete moment 
foklori muzikor i bullgareve nga Gollo Borda nuk eshte shkruar, in9izuar, i shkruar 
me nota dhe botuar jo vetem ne Bullgari, por dhe ne vendet fqinje ballkanike. 

Qellimi i ketij libri eshte dokumentimi dhe ruajtja e dijes traicionale te bullgareve 
nga Gollo Borda. Libri i njeh lexuesit me nje bashkesi bullgare jashte kufljve te 
Bullgarise, e cila ka jetuar ne nje mjedis te huaj gjuhesor dhe te huaj per nga ana 
etnike, por qe ka ruajtur gjuhen, kulturen dhe traditat bullgare gjate kalimit te 
kohes. 



303 



304 



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Ka Aji6aHHH - OT6enfl3aHH ca 0KpT>3HTe 
JlnGpaam h EynHH3a, b kohto nona/ja 06- 
nacTTa Tono Etp^o 




cpparaeHT ot KapTaTa Ha MaKe^OHHa, ny6nH- 
KyBaHa ot B. Kih^ob npe3 1900 r. (KtjHhob 
1900) - o6nacira Iojio Etp^o Bee ome He e 
Ha an6aHCKa TepnTopna 



305 




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ot ctBpeMeHHa an6aHCKa KapTa 



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ki>m Tojio Etpao 




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314 



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316 




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317 



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Batcycp KpaM c. Cre6neBO 



318 




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319 




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320 




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3a npHroTBAHe Ha CBaT6eHaTa norana 



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321 





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322 



EaMpaM Ey3H0B 
ot c. KneHte 





EOMCHH <J>HJII>OKH H CHHTjT My 

U,BeTaH, c. KneHte, 1 994 r. 



EOMCHH OHJlbOKH, 

rp. TnpaHa, 2008 r. 




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324 





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325 




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TnpaHa, HaceneH c rojio6i>pxmH 



326 



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„IIpocnepHTeT Iojio EtpAo" 





BecTHHK ,,CTe6neBo" 




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327 



toe Viiin e Hi 
200&! 

to jaoS premtfmet pel rrugen nacionale 





Eap „Cocj)Hfl" b TnpaHa, co6ctb6hoct Ha an6aHeua CenHM Xoziacafi ■ 
npiiflTen Ha 6i>JirapHTe b An6aHHa 



328